Newspaper Page Text
HIMHUOWS. Itfe. Wr.U Kit on the telegraph wires, Andchltter, and flitter, ami fold their wings. Mi)t)C they think that for them and tbclr.-ircs Stretched always, on purpoee, those wonder ful Urine. .And perhaps the thought that the world In spires Jlitl plan for the birds nmeng other Ih ngs. Little blrJs slton the slender lines, And the news of the world runs under their feet; How value rises, and now declines, How kings with their atmles in battle meet; And all the while, 'mid the soundless signs, They chirp their imall gotstplngs, foolish sweet. Little things ll;ht on the Ho" ' our lives Hof.es and J1) and acts of to-day; And we tbluk that for these the Lord oon trlves, Nor catch what the hidden llghtnlnes say. Vet from end to end his meaning arrives, And his word :un underneath all the way. Is life only wires and llsbinlnes, tLcn, Apart from that which about It clings! Arc the thought and the works and the pray ers of men Only sparrow that light on QoVs telegraph strlnes, Holding a moment, nnd gonencft'iil Nny: he planned for the birds, with the larger thing". The 5imrl I'linilly. Weekly Tribune. Dilsy li a Uttlo girl thrco years old. She has lituii oyes that opon wide with wonder when she Is surprised, nnd twinkic with lim nnd mischief a groat deal oftho ttnio a pretty llttlo rosy mouth, and an abundauco of long gold en hair. Now this hair has always been a great trial to Daisy, for it had to bo combed and brushed every day, and when sho plays "housekeeping" under the tablo with maplo sugar for "tea," or creeps under tho lounge to play "bear," tho hair gets badly tangled aud fairly tics itself up in llttlo knots, so that when it is combed there aro a groat many llttlo shrieks and jumps from Daisy. But ono day when Auntlo was brush ing Daisy's hair sho discovered what made all tho trouble? And what do you snpposo it was? Why, a family by tho namo of Snarl had moved Into Daisy's hair and thev didn't llko to bo turned out. There woro Father nnd Mother Snarl, and Johnny and Susan, besides si lot of llttlo Snarls, and oven a baby Snarl. And as Auntio chased each ono to its hlding-phico shn lectured thorn and remonstrated with lliem ou their naughtiness in troubling Daisy so. 'There. Johnny Snarl, I seo you hiding behind Daisy's oar. Aren't you asham od to plaguo a llttlo girl so." "Now don't you think you can escape: you'll havo to como out." "Abl that was Susan that pulled so. Sho's a stubborn girl, Susan Snarl, and determined not to como out." "And horo is mother Snarl and ever so many ot tho Httlo ones with her. Such a provoking family! Even Baby Snarl pulls as hard as ho can." And Daisy gets so Interested in the do ings of tho Snarl family that sho forgets all about the hurt, and laughs aloud at tho discomlituro of Johnny or tho hard oh so Auntio lias after Suiai. Somo tliuoi tho Snarls havo company. A great many aunts and uncles and couS' ins como to visit them. This generally happens alter Daisy has had a molasses' cindy frolic, or somo unusual romp. But then tho fun is greater than over with so niiiuy to talk to and turn out ot doors. And ono day Daisy said: "Mam ma, does tho Snarl family over got into othor llttlo Girls' halrP" And mamma said sbo dldu't know, but would writo to TJie Tribune, Jr., who knows so many llttlo children. And perhaps among them may be somo llttlo girls with long ourls, wboso mammas may find Jus such a mysterious family has been mak ing them troublo as bothered llttlo Daisy so long bnforo Auntio found tho hiding placo of tho Snarl family. JAtlC'N KF.SOI.UTlOniN. 1IY KATE SUMNEtt. 3. S. Timet "Oh dear!" said Jack Willis, doleful ly, "I do wish I could bo extinguished somo way." Mrs. Willis lookod up from tho coat sho was monding for this solf-saino Jack, and surveyed him in utter astonishmont, from tho crown ol his unmistakably red head to tho solo ot his muoh-wora cop per toes. "What do you moan?" sho asked. To to bo suro, Jaok Invariably stum- bled over prefixes and suffixes, but what was ho driving at now! "Why," ho explained, "l'vo boon a reading about tollers doing big things, and I wish I could havo a chanco to do something or other." Mrs. Willis rosumod her sowing; tho caso was not qulto so alarming as it .scorned to bo at first. Toilers don't get any chances real follers, I moan," Jaok continuod. "1 don't know about that," interrupt ed his mother; "I think thoy do plenty of thorn." It was Jack's turn to bo astonlshod. "1 nover had any," ho said at length, Tory deoldedly. "Don't bo too sure of that, olthor; I think vou havo," and Mrs. WUllssmlled outright at Jack's perplexity. "Ot course wo havo llttlo bits ol chances, I supposo, but I moan real big 'things. I'd line Juat ono of thoso." "What was your vorso last Sunday .Jack?" askod mamma, apparently drop ping tho subjoct. "Inasmuch asyo did it unto ono oftho loast of thoso my brethren, yo did it un to me," said Jaok, wondering what was t coming noxt. Thoro was a morry, twinklo in Mrs. Willis' oyo, but it died away boforo she opened hor lips. When sho spoko, it was in a quiet, sorlous tono that mado Jack feci unoomfortablo. "You would think you wern highly honorod to bo allowed to sorvo an earthly king, and horo is a chanco for you to sorvo the King of kings. Tho least thing you can do for any ono In his namo ho accepts as dono for himsel!. Just keep your eyes opon, nnd try all your chances, aud 1 rather guess you will find somo 'big1 enough." Jack took his coat, picked up hU cap and stalled for school in a brown study. Supposo mamma was right, and ho really did havo opportunities to bo great and heroic. How ho had dreamed over volunio alter volumo of marvollous stories! Could it bo posslblo ho too could bo "extinguished ?" That morning, in school, Jack took out his diary it was nn old last year's ono of mamma's, but what odds? and wioto tbo following: "Ruzzolvod that I'll bs xtrygood, ii I havo chanco, John Applcton Willis." Jack surveyed this production with much pride; he tojk It out uvery lew minutes, and road It over until recess drove It out of his mind. Ho nover thought of it nijaiii until tho next morn ing, then ho camo rushing into tho kitchen whero mamma was helping Bridget. "0 mother, I want something to cat now, and some luncheon put up. Wo'vo got a holiday, nnd wo aro going chost- nutting tho wholo school of us," ho explained bet ,veon hugo moulhfuls of npplo-plc nnd gingerbread alternated. "How's Maggie?" asked Mrs. Willis, ns sho put up tho desired sandwiches, cako, and cookies, of tho washer woman. "Sho's better, ma'am, but sho don't gain so fast as sho would If I could got her somo nico tasty bits, or sho could get out somo of these i ice day); but poor folks must got well as best they may." Mrs. Donovan sighed wearily. It was hard for her to seo her bright-oyed, quick-witted llttlo Magglo pining away, aud sho powerless to help. Jack swallowed tho last bit of gin gerbread and rushed up stairs nfter his chestuut bag. Thcro on tho tablo lav his diary, opon at his "Uozurlr.tlons." Ho gavo It ti toss as ho roached over for something else, but ttio last words caught his eye: "If I havo chance." Just then Mr3. Donovan's words words about her daughtor Magglo Hashed back on his mind, and th'j thought came with it of how tho sick girl's dull oyes would brighten and her faint pulso leap at tho prospect of such enjoyment as ho was promising himself lor that nltornoon. "I wonder," ho said tohlmsolf, paus ing in his search, "if this is a chanco! But nobody would oxpect a feller to do it." ho added Tory decidedly, and thon bent his energies to finding his bag; but tho llttlo voico whispered on: "If you wero slcic and poor in that dingy little street, just think how you would llko to get out for a nlco ride." Jack hesitated a llttlo, when some thing olso whispered: "How tho boys would laugh to seo you tako hor to ride, and just think of tho fun you'll loso If you don't go chestnutting with them!" "It's too much to ask of a fellow, Whoro on earth is that bag?" nnd Jacl: dived impatiently into tho depths of tho eloret. It was too provoking that ho could not find it, for ho wantod to end tho controversy within him by bo ing off. But tho missing bag rofuscd to put in its appearance,, and tho still, small voico kept whlsporing louder and loudor: "It's a good chance. You aro not very bravo ii you can't stand a llt tlo laughing at." Ho rcmembored, too, somothlng about doing unto others as ho would thoy should do unto him. Oh dear! Of course, if ho wero Magglo Thero was tho bag; now ho must do- oldo which ho must do go chostnuting, or got old Fan and tnko Magglo out to ride. A great many things went through Jnck'stmlnd as ho stood thcro irresolute A very vivid picture camo boforo him of what tho boys would say and do if thoy happened to hoar of it, whllo over and over in his ears rang tho words: "Do unto others as ye would thoy should do to jou." and "Inasmuch as yo did it unto ono of tho loast of theso" All at onco tho bag wont flying into tho corner of tho closot, and Jack bounded down stairs thrco stops at a time. "I say, Mrs. Donovan, don't you bellevo Maggio would llko to go to rldo with mo this afternoon? I drlvo mam ma vory often, so you needn't bo afraid to trust hor, and its roal nice out to day." Mrs. Donovan looked up in surprise for a moment, and thon do you know? sho brokodowncomplotoly. "Thoro's nothing in tho ,worruld would do hor moro good, and I'll bliss you forivor," sho sobbed out. Inasmuch," whispered mamma, as sho klssod him tondorly. That day passed very happily for Jack. Although onco or twiea tho thought of tho nutting expedition did foico its way into his mind, ho pushod it rosolutoly aside; and ho folt amply re warded whon ho saw a lalnt glow of red stoal into tho llttlo girl's cheek. Jaok wroto as follows in his diary at night: "Ruzzolvod, that i'll try bolng common good awhilo 'oauso I couldn't bo xtry good if I did havo a chanco." Said ono physician, "when I attend ed him I gavo him pills mado of moro broad, and ho always recovered," "But," said tho other, "I gavo him nothing and ho always recovers." Thero Is ovory indication that tho Cap itol at Albany will tumble down soon, and thoro is great unoaslness in tho Stato of Now York for fear it will tall when tho Legislature Is not in session and thus bo a total wasto. Cruelty and Civilization. Herbert Spencer. The mutilations of prisoners exhib ited on Assyrian sculpturss aro not sur passed lu cruelty by any wo find among tho most blood thirsty of wild races; nud Ramcses II., who dolightod In hav ing himself sculptured on templo walls throughout Egypt as holding a dozon captives by tho hair and striking off their heads at a blow, slaughtered during his conquests moro human beings than a thousand chiefs ol savago tribes put to gether. Tho tortures Inflicted on captur ed ontmlos by Rod Indians nro not groater than wero thoso tnlllctcd of old on felons by crucifixion, or on suspected rebels by sowing them up In tho hides oi slaughtered animals, or on heretics by smearing them over with combusti bles nnd setting II ro to them. Tho dam aras, described as so utterly hoartloss that they laugh on seeing ono of thoir number killed by n wild beast, aro not worsu than woro tho Romans, who mado such olabor.ito provisions for gratifying themselves by watching wholesalo slaughters In their arenas. If tho num bers destroyed by tho hordes ol Attilla woro not equaled by tho numbers which tho Roman army destroyed ht tho con quest of Selucla, nnd by tho numbers of tho Jows massacred under Hadrian, it was simply because tho occasion did not permit. Tho cruoltlos of Nero, Galll onus, nnd tho rest may comparo with thoso ot Zingls and Tlmour; and when wo road of Caracalla, that after ho had murdered 20,000 friends of his murder ed brother, his soldiers forced tho Son ato to placo him among tho gods, wo nro bhown that in tho Roman pcoplo thoro was n ferocity not less than that which dolics tho most sanguinary chiefs among tho worst of savages. Nor did Christi anity greatly chango matters. Through out modiiuval Europe political of fenses and religious dissent brought on men carefully dovised agonies, equal ing, li not exceeding, any inflicted by tho most brutal of barbarians. How Indians Return Calls. A party of Sioux Indians wero guests nt a leading Milwaukco hotel, says feck's Sun, and tho ladies had a great deal of amusement with them, studying thoir customs. That is, thoy all did ex cept ono lady. Tho ladies called upon tho Indians and tho savages returned tho calls almost before tho ladles got to thoir rooms. Ono -lady called on n chief, und then went to hor room and rotlrcd, and pretty soon there, was a knock at her door, and sho found that it was tho chief. Sho tola him to como in tho morning. The lady unlocks her door in tho morning so tho porter can come in and build a firo boforo sho gets up. Sho heard a knock in tho morning, and supposing it was tho porter, sho said, "Como In." Tho door opened and in walked Mr. Indian. Sho took ono look at him and pulled tho bed clothes over her head, -Ho sat down on tho sido of tho bed aud said "How?" Woll, sho was so scared that sho didn't know "How" from Adam. Sho said to him in thu best Sioux that sho could com mand, "Please, good Mr. Indian, go away, until I got up," but ho didn't seem to bo in a hurry. Ho picked up pieces of hor wearing apparel from tho floor, different articles that ho didn't seem to know any thlug about whero thoy wero worn, and mado comments on them in tho Sioux tongue. Tho stockings socmcd to paralyzo his untutored mind tho most. Thoy wero thoso long, 90 de grees in tho shado stockings, and thoy wero loo much for his fcoblo intellect. He held them up by tho toes and said "Ugh!" Tho lady trembled and wlshod ho would go away. Ho secmod to tako great delight In examining tho hair on tho bureau, and looked at tho lady as much as to say, "Poor girl, somo hostila trlbo has mado war on tho pale face and taken many scalps." Ho critically ex amined all the crockery, tho wash bowl and pitcher, but ho was struck tho worst at a corset that he found on a chair. He tried to put it on himself, and was so handy about it that it occurred to tho lady that ho was not so fresh n dolervto as ho seemed to be. Finally sho hap poncd to think of tho bell, nnd sho rung it as though tho houso was ou firo, and pretty soon tho porter came and invited tho Indian to go down stairs nnd tako a drink. Tho lady looked that door too quick, and sho will nover loavo it opon again whon thoro aro Indians in town. Sho says hor hair, on tho bureau, fairly turned gray from fright. A Team of Reindeer. Each Wajiooa had undor his or her charge flvo deer, and, except on these tivo animals, thoy did not bestow a thought, leaving tho others to each cap turo his owu individual flvo as bost ho could. Even tho old Wapoos, Nilas by name, did not offer to assist his better halt, nor did fcho seom to expect such help. Tho animals having been speed ily got in order, tho next thing was to harness them, which is dono In this fashion: Tho dcor has a skin-collar round its shoulders, to whloh is fastoned a long strap, nlso ot untanned skin, which, going botweon tho legs oi tho nnimais, is ucu to a ring at mo prow ot tho voolk. Tho sincrio rein with which wo drlvo is mado last to tho lolt sldo of tho head, and is hold in the right hand. In steorine. you must, it vou wish to turn to tho right, cost tho roin over to tho right snouiaor oi tno animal, ana null or ratnor tug n uttio. u you wish to go faster, vou can striko with tho roin on tho auimal'r, sides and back, though if you have n wild bruto this is rathor dangerous, as it on being struck becomos uttorly unmanageable, and theroforo it is gonorally quito suflloiont to raise tho lolt hand, as it for a blow, whloh will oauso tbo deer to run off smartly enough. Tbo moment tho loromost door starts all tho othors follow in a long string, winding in and out accordlntr as tho foromost door's tracks go. All door cannot bo Induced to load tho way; in fuot, yory many aro trailed to follow only, as thoy thon bo- coma much moro easily managed as baggago doer. Ovor nil Finmarken, and, In fant, all Lapland, ono novor scps two deer harnessed together or with proper gear. In this respect tho Samoycdos aro far mora practical, and not only do thoy bring tho animal to tho samo stato of subjoction as tho horso with us, but thoy uso entiro bucks for domestic purposes, an uuhcard-of thing In Lapland, where even dogs nro con sidered ns too spirited to bo safely used. A Dcerliounn'g Sagacity. Herman Hultor and Charles Whit man, of Missoulin, Helena, armed with rifle and accompanied by a decrhound, went up tho Rattlcsnako river in quest of game. Thoy climbed tho mountains to tho loft of tho stream nnd separated, taking opposlto sides oftho ridge, in hopes of bagging n dcor. Whitman camo down tho Rattlesnake sldo nnd soon after separating from his compan ion ho slippcil nnd fell, sliding soma two hundred feet down tho mountain sldo. Ho vainly endeavored to stop himself by digging into tho snow with his hands nnd feet clutching at brush nnd saplings, till just as ho was about to t o precipitated over tho cliff into tho Rattlesnake, somo iorty feet below, ho fortunately clasped n strong sapling with one hnnd, and was left dangling In tho air over tho precipice. By a strong effort ho managed to clasp tho sapling with his arm in tho elbow, nnd grasping his wrist with tho disengaged hand, awaited his incvitablo fall with desperation. The hound seeing his master fall followed him to tho edgo of tho cl.Q'nnd whined pltcously nt tho pre dicament of his human friend. Sud denly ho dashed over tho hill liko a deer and disappeared. Whon noarly exhausted, Whitman heard his com pauion, Huttor, above him, coming to his assistance. Ho gathorod renowed courage, and hold ou desperately till Hutter camo down with a ropo and res cued him from his porilous position. Huttor says ho had gono but a short distance when tho dog ran off. Repeat ing tho strango macrenvro, Hutter sus pected something wrong nnd followed tho dog to Whitman's roscuo. Caring For The Feet. Thcro is no part of the human body that needs moro attention than tho feet. They may bo neglected or even abused without any bad consequences boing immediately foil; thoy will to a cortain ty bo cvontualy felt; and felt vory soro ly too. An oxcossivo flow of blood to tho head, extromo liability to cold, disordered digestion and othor numerous ovlls aro tho rosults of inattention to tho feet. Tho feet should bo lcgularly washed nnd wiped every day. Stock ings should not bo put on whllo thcro is tho slightest moisture on tho feet. Tho tockings absorb tho moisturo, nnd gradually return It to tho feet, thereby auslng thom to foel cold and uncom fortable, aud what Is worse, when tho foot aro cold, tho circulation is Interfer ed with, and tho wholo system, cspecia ly tho brain, is thrown into an nbnor mal stato. Kcop tho fcot clean and warm tho head cool nnd tho bowels open. If you wish to preserve your whole system in good working order, bo suro and pro servo your loot. Lot all our readers profit by these remarks, and thoy will soon feel by experience that wo aro not exagorating tho consequences of propor attention to tho feet. A Suicide and Its Cause. A sulcido undor vory painful circum stances occurred rocontly in thooxprcss train running between Havro and Rouen. On opening tho door of a coupo at tho latter station, ono of the cm ployecs perceived a man lying on tho floor, bathod in blood, quito dead, and with n revolver at his sido. Tho corpso was immebiately borno to a privato room, and inquirlos woro instituted, whloh lod to thoknowledgo that tho do ceased was M. Waronhorst, a wealthy tiavro merchant who married a fow years ago a widow whoso husband was supposed to havo been killed during tho Communo. A child was born, and tho happiness of tho couple was com ploto, whon, to their horror, It was found that ono of tho amnestied Com munisls, who had returned in tho Navarin, was tho Identical man. Tho shock was too groat. M. Waronhorst's brain was unablo to boar it, and it was whilo undor tho influence of his first im pulso of grief and shamo that ho put an end to his own lito. A Cat Storv. New York Tritons. A man new living in Kingston cml- graicu to tno west many years ago, and bought a houso which had stood unoccupied for a considerable timo. Tho first night ho hoard sounds which con vinced him that thoro woro rats in tho collar, and on Investigation ho found that thero woro hundrods of tho crca turcs disporting themsolves thero Having oaton a quartor of beef down to tho bono, thoy wero playing tag among tho shelves and boxes. Ho offered to introduce tho fumily cat, but sho do cllnod to bo prosontod. Tbo noxt day sho was missing, until tho family thought thoy had lost hor; but oa tho fourth day a familiar "meow" was heard, and thero was tabby at tho head of a column of thrco dozon cats in light, marching order, thoir backs up and thoir tails tampant. Tho front door was opened and tho dotaohmont passod moved down tho collar stairs in good order. Tho noxt morning a flour bar rol full of dead rats was buriod behind tho houso, and tho cats roturued to thoir homos. When a young lady askod to look at a parasol tho olork said: "Will you ploaso glvo tho shado you want?" "1 oxpoct tho parasol to glvo tho shado I want," quoth the young lady. WE AUK BUILDERS). We are builders, and each oce Should cut and carve as best he can. Kvery life Is but a stone, Every one shall hew bis own, Make or mar shall every man. Llfo Is short, yet some achieve Fortune, fame, In war or art ; Bomonilss their chance and can't retrieve, Borne fail because they stop to grieve, Borne pause with fainting heart. 'TIs tho bold who win tho race, Whether for love, for gold, or namo; 'TIs the true ones always face Dangers and trials and win a place, A niche In the fane ot fame. Strike and struggle, over strive, Labor with hand, and heart, and brain, Work doth moro than genius give; He who faithfully tolls doth live, TIs labor that doth reign. LIUUT. Tho Miirvcln or Electrlclty-EdlsonM Won. ilerful Invention nt Menlo l'nrkOrfrnn. Izfttlnu nf Cnmpnnle for l'rnotlcnl Ap plication of thu 1'ntcnta. Dispatch to Cincinnati Enquirer. Last night I went to Menlo Park, Edi son's iiomo and laboratory, In company with Lady Mncdonald, tho wlfo of Sir John Macdouald, prluio minister of Cauadn, nnd with Miss Beauty, her friend, who is a nlcco of Dr. Rycrson, founder of tho publio school system in Cnnada. I found a great chango in Edison's appearance in four years. I lost saw him horo when ho had finished tho invantlon of tho phonograph, nnd was experiaonting with tho telephone. Ho was then careless in his dress, rough, and rather common-looking. Ho now woro tho clothing ot a gentloman, aud had a hat inudo to suit his largo head, with a broad brim, nnd his fnco was fattor, and his oyos lull ol cheerful hu mor. Ho said: 1 havo nothing moro to do. I havo ceased my invon'tlous with tho perfec tion ol this light, und Menlo Park is to bo shut up in a fow days, as I am going to work my staff In Now York City, and givo my (.ttontion to tho business of lighting of tho City of Now York. Tho lamp factory, a mllo or two from hero, which is my own partnership, is hero; but my ofllco will bo on Filth avonuo, whero I havo a largo houso." Going into his house, tho ladies wero overwhelmed with astonishmont. Tho parlor, halls, stalrcasa and dining room woro lighted with perhaps twenty burn ers, showing all kinds ol varieties ol lamp, from tho reflecting shade to tho colored light. Each lamp or burner was about tho sizo of a small coal oil lamp chlmnoy, or a long, thin pear. In it was an incandescent whito shape of ilaruo, looking a good deal llko a hair pin bent in tho shapo of a lottor V. Each lamp had tho powor of sixteen candles. Lady Macdonald remarked that sho had seen no other electric light whloh did not hurt tho oyes. 'No light which can make a photo graph," said Edison, "but will injuro tho oyes. This lamp is a lamp, and not n beacon. All othor electric lights are mado by combustion of carbon points constantly pushed toward oach othor by clock work. This lamp is mado by a llttlo bont pleco of bamboo wood, which iutcrrupts tho transmission of tho cur rent, and thereforo becomes incande scent, yet doos not burn, bocafeso it is in a vacuum, tho glass vessol having been exhausted. Wo mako tho lamps for 35 cents apicco." Wo wont up to tho f aotory and woro shown tho groat now dynamo machine, or engine, 100 horso power, which is to bo tho modol of tho dynamos used at Edison's stations in Now York. A man was soldering it by tho aid oftho electri cal spark, tho solder boing red hot, yet without fire. 'At presont," said Edison, "wo have theso old dynamos, which tako up too muoh room; and ono machine like this ono will do for a wholo station, and will light half a ratio square of solid blocks of housos from floor to floor by tho aid of a small steam engine'' Tho ladles tested tho electrical spark by receiving tho currant, Whloh was harmless, making merely a tickling or tingling in tho fingers. Thoy wero told that any of tho oarbon light currents would havo tho offeet on them of a stroke ot lightning. Wo thon went into the largo laboratory room, filled with tools, and a number ot tho small bulbous lamp! wore hung on copper wiros, vfhlch stretched in ovory diroctlon. Tho mo mont a lamp was lilted off tho wire it went out, and tho moment it was pt back lighted up again with the samo whito pleasing flamo. Then, turning n common cook, cortain of tho 11, would go out, and turning It on of aln thoy would all start of thomsolvos.i "Now go to tho window," hesaid, "and I will put tho lamps downffn tho fields out for you." Theso Vamps covered what was equivalent to a 300 acre farm. Turning a certain coC2 ovory ono of tho lamps went (Pit, and tho wholo blazing landscape!) turned into immcdiato darkness. Atfanother movement ol tho cook tho Ugh I starred again, and wo could soo the n within slight effort strugglo back, (jnd then blazo over tho long fields. All tho mnchlnory In tho faotory was running by tho samo electricity, and when all the lights woro turnod out all tho ma cninory stoppou, too. wnen tno our ront was turned on and tho lights wont up tho whools and bolting all started again. 'Ihosurprlso of ovory body was immense. Said I: "Has not this invention cost you moro timo than anything you oyer did?" "No; I think tho tolophonocost mo moro timo than this." I asked him tho question,, diroctly, whether tho tolophono had ,' paid him muoh, and how muoh in had paid. "I got very little for it in tbo United states," he said, "Mr. Orton was presi dent of tbo Western Union company, and ho drovo n hard bargain with mo; nnd thon tho Western Union company sold its prlprictorship in tho tolophono. But I havo rccovorod irom Europe $300, 000, nnd it will amount to another $100,000 in a llttlo wHlo. That money I havo invested in tho lamp faotory, which is Independent of tho lighting company. Thoro being snow on tho ground wo could not seo muoh ot Edison's olcctrlc railroad, which runs up and down tho hill, tho rails acting as the wires to car ry tho current which drives tho cars. In this foaturo Henry Villars has taken a largo interest for tho purposo of build ing n railroad in Oregon without grad ing, so as to go right into tho grain Holds; even up tho mountain sides nnd collecttho crops. Gon. Pnlmor, of Col orado, nlso expects to uso this olcctrlo railroad fur his heavy grades toward Mexico. Tho moneyed powor behind Edison is Droxol, Morgan & Co. Na varro Is also largely interested. Mr. Edison said, in speaking of tho Brush niuL other lights, "Thoro is plonty of fiolu for them. Wo don't r.splr'o to street lamps, which is n small matter, but to light houses and homes." This'paront company docs not design to build tho machinery for any placos in tho country but New York, which thoy monn to light by thirty stations, oach coverliig half n mllo squaro, and tho wholo embracing all tho district be low tho Central park. Thoy will sell tho right to light othor cities, and tako half tho stock in each company, but re quiring no monoy. Tho outsido com panies will then rccclvo nil tho drawings and specifications, nnd get tho survoys from tho parent concorn. Tbero wore originally 3,000 shares of tho stock at 8100 a sharo, making $300,- 000. On completion, tho $180,000 which had been advanced was addod to this capital, making nt present 4,800 shares nt $100 nplcco. Tho sharos havo been soiling tho past two or thrco days at $1,600 apiece; but tho Droxols will not lot tho stock go on tho stock board.. Edison wanted $12,000 two months ago, and ho sold twolvo of his shares for $1,000 apiece, tho ouly sales ho will mako. Ho has been havlnrr 200 em ployes for somo timo past. Many of hi3 workmon, particularly in his lamp factory, havo been spirited nway by competitors; whilo a shrowd invontor in London has been getting all tho patent ofllco descriptions of his innumorablo improvements. Edison and his associates invested $42,000 in the lamp-faotory, as tho capi talists did not want to go into that minutiro. Thoy nro incroaslng it, too, to a plant of $200,000. It is calculated, giving each lamp a duration of six months, that it will tako 1,600,000 of lamps a year for Now York City alono when fully lighted, at 35 cents aplccQ. Tho parent company pays Edison for theso lamps, and furnishes thom freo to consumers. Tho Now York company covers North and South America. Tho patent right for Europo is owned by Edison htmsolf, Mr. Lowrey, nnd tho Droxols. Tho capital now put into gas companies amounts to $60,000,000 in London, $40,000,000 in Paris, $20,000, 000 in Now York, and $10,000,000 in Brooklyn. Gatii. The History of Needles. A wrltor in Hardware, a journal whioh deals largely in motaliferous ar ticles says: Tho necdlo is ono of tho most ancient instruments of which wo havo any record. Tho modern ncedlo is a pointed instrument having nn oyo, nnd is used for carrying a thread, somo kind of fabric, or other matorlal. It is probable, however, that tho neodlos of thoso peoplo who lived in vory an clout tlmos had no oyos, as instruments of bono, which aro most likoly used for this purposo, nro found in tho caves thnt wero inhabited by anclont peoplo ot Frauce, and tho noodles of ancient Egypt, whloh aro doscrlbod as boing of bronzo, do not appear to havo been mado with oyes. Somo writors aro of tho opinion that in placo of tiio oyo ti circular doprossion was mado in ornoar the blunt end, in which the thread was burled. Pliny describes tho needles of bronzo which woro usod by tho Greeks and Romans. Theso instruments havo also been found in tho ruins of Horcu- lancum. Tho first account that history givos of tho manufacturers ofneodlosis that thoy woro mado at Nuromborg In 1700, aud whllo tho dato of their first mauu faoturo in Englad is in doubt, it is said to havo commoncod in that country a bout 1645, and It is assortod that tho art was praotod by a Spanish nogro or na tive of India, who died without discoso- ing tho socrot ot his procoss. During tho reign of Queen Elizaboth this indus try was revived, and has boon continuod ovor since. Christopher Groonlng and a Mr. Darner established needlo faotorlos at Long Drondon, near Redditoh, in England, in 1C50, and theso wero soon followed by other London needlo ma kors. Roddltoh is still tho center of manu facture. Tho oyesot tho oarliost noodles wero squaro. Many unsuccessful at tempts woro mauo to bring out tho so called "drlll-oyod" boforo thoy wojg 11 naiiyintrouueoa in ltttu, Two years later the burnishing maohlnc in which tho oyes of needles aro polished was comploted. In this maohino tho noodles aro strung on a steel wiro, whloh is oaused to royolvo rapidly, nnd thereby Impart a beautiful finish to tho oye. Tho process of hardoning needles was for many years nooompllshed by castiug thom, whilo red hot, into cold wator. By this means a largo proportion ot thom booamo crooked, and tho sorvices of a large number of workmon wero re quired to strnlghton thom. In 1840 tho substitution of oil for water took placo, and as this caused n largo numbor of tho workmon to bo thrown out of om ploymont, a riot took placo ntRodditch, nnd tho Introducer oftho oil process was driven out of tho town. Tho mn chlnory for making needles has now boon brought to such a stato of perfec tion that, from tho coil of stcol wiro to tho finished needlo, tho maohlnes usod perform thoir various operations In a manner that may bo said to bo almost automatic Whero Is Transvaal! NtwOrtetna Democrat. Somo hundred miles to the northeast of Capo Colony, tho most southern set tlement in Africa, lio tho provinces of Nntal and Zulnland, bounded on tho cast by tho Indian Ocoan, and on tho west by tho Drackenberg mountains. Bohind theso ranges stretches avast up land plaln,400 miles long and 400 miles broad, tho Limpopo river, rising in its center, flowing first north, and thon cast, nnd emptying into tho Indian Ocean. Its government was at first re publican. Itl capital is Pretoria. In 183G, Dutch Boors from Capo Col ony sot out to And homes boyond tho Draokenbagj, and romoved from Brit ish restrictions. Thoy asked nnd ro eclvod by tho year 1842 recognition from England as tho Ropublio of Nntnl. As this nntionl compllmont was supposed to grant tho right to intcrforo in tho af fairs oftho young colony, the moro in dependent Boers again moved nway, forming tho Orango Freo State, ulti mately rocognlzcd by Eeglaud in 1854. Tho samo results followed In this caso, and tho groat upland plain was sottled by tho uisaffected from Orango Freo State. By tho year 1852 tho fear of tho sur rounding natlvo tribes had compelled tho inhabitants of tho Transvaal to seek protection for their homes in a treaty with England. , Tho treaty stipulated that no slnvory should bo allowed nt Transvaal, and at tho snmo timo prom ised tho most porfect liberty to tho re public in tho management ol her own affairs. After a timo tho diamond Holds of West Grlqualand turned Transvaal into a highway for tho natives that flocked thither. In order tb placo somo check upon this Intrusion of savago tribes a passport, with a fco of $1, was required of oach Kifllr tramo outorlng tho coun try, with tho added obligation ol thrco months' labor for tho Transvaal govern ment without pay. Tho British authorities becanio alarm ed. Sir Harry Barkly, governor of Capo Colony, construed tho courso pur sued into an onslavoment of tho natives and considered that in consequenco tho tho treaty was rondorod void. A schome was already on foot to convert nil tho freo colonics into ono South Af rican confederation. In 1876 war bo ganbotwoon tho Boors and Zulu tribes. Aflaits ntTronsvaal grow moro nnd moro complicated. In 177 tho Kaffir war had como to nn end, nud tho idoa of annexation had bcoomo dearor to tho British heart. Aspoolal commissioner, with a staff of fllocors and guard of Natal polico, appeared at Frotoria, tho capital, January 22, 1877. On tho twelfth of April, 1876, tho sec ond anniversary ot tho annexation of Transvaal, tho Boers took a solomn oath to prosorvo thoir llborttos, whloh Eagland had tho third timo trampled on, at Natal, Orango freo Stato and tho Soath African Ropublio. But tho groat mother of colonier was unwilling to withdraw her protecting (?) arm and givo tho hardy Boors thoir land and lib erty. Honce war. Bitter Beer. Londsn Boclety. Tho area oi tho first Bass's brewory was that of a moderately largo gardon: tat of tho son's occupies freehold busi ness promises extending over forty-fivo si-jres, of tho value of 250,000, and moro than ono hundred of leasehold property. Thon steam powor was un known in tho placo; now Bass & Co.'s browory has thirty-two stoam engines daily at work, nlno locomollvo;, two portable ongincs, and ono hundred pow erful cart horses. Mechanical and sci entific appliances havo largoly mini mized manual labor, yot the Burton staff numbers nearly tbreo thousand; whllo in addition hundrods aro required to manago their places of business all ovor tho United Kingdom. Tho father producod comparatively only a fow bar rels por wook, dellverod by his own carts; the son, in tho courso of a brow ing season, sends out by train and ship ono million barrols, and tho avcrago annual amount of his business is as sessed at 2,400,000. In malt tax and liconso duty Bass & Co. pay in ono yoar 280,000. Professor foono Lovi, In a calculation drawn up iV him in March, 1871, states that tho yourly revenue de rived froraj beer and Irtish and foroign wines anf spirits Ancics to about twonty-oight millions sterling, or con siderable morohan a third of tho wholo annual national rovenuo, toward whloh tho firm of Bass & Co, pay upward of 780 per day. 0 "Emma R." asks a'.wcstorn'papor this extraordinary question: "Do you think it right for a girl to lt on a young man's lap, oven if sho is ongagod to him?" Whorouvon tho editor gets off this vory extraordinary He: "Wo havo no oxpo rlonoo in the mattor roiorred to." Why didn't ho say, asks tho Chloago Tribune, "It it was our girl and our lap, yes; If it was anothor girl and our lap, yes j but If it was our girl and anothor fellow's lap, novor."