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rom Temple nr. 8tie rambled through the meadows wide, 80 richly gemmed with dew; Her hair was bright as golden light, Her ejes were azure blue. And shyly, there, the farmer lad Defrayed his love and woe; She passed him by With head held high, And coldly answered "Nol" She wandered to the woodland pool, I)y wild flowers all brglrt-, She saw her beauty In Its depth, And smtlcd the pretty flirt t .And there the curato told his lore, Though hope was almost dead ; But though she sighed She naught replied, She only shook her head. She lingered by the broid park gate, The old lord lingered too; He sought the maiden for his bride, And knew too, how to woo. And though he fclgnedlove's sad despair, Her answer he could guess; But could nit spy Her triumph high, She smiled, and whloered "Vc." THE TWO PIPERS OF DUNTROON. Stories of Scotch Devotion. tloo.1 Wordi. Lonely on Its rock, wiishcd by tho sea waves, which 011 a stormy day dash up against tho windows of tho upper story, stands tho Castlo of Duntroon Tho traveler from Oban to Crluan has a cood view oi it as tho steamer turns tho point and crosses into Crinan Bay: and is a view which, if ho has any lovo for tho wild and beautiful and sympathy with tho stranco Highland pass, whero men fought and raved all their live, ncvor resting till they died bo will not easily turn lrom or forget, Torhaps ho may fool interested enough to Inquire of ono oi tho sailors who built it; who chose to porch his nest out thcro on tho headland au l defy tho sea, And tho man will answer probably that it was "Just ono of tho Campbells," for from hero it is no "far cry to Loch Awo,"tho heart of tho old Campboll country, if tho Campboll country could ever havo had a heart. A grasping, treachorous sot, wo aro told they wero, thoso Campbells who sold their King to his enemies, massacred tho MacDonalds at Glcncoo, got posses sion unworthily of tho Lordship of Lome, and quartered tho golloy with their own gyrons. Wo may talk about them freely now, for their own lan'l knows them no more; through tho length and bredthoi it, where onco no other namo was heard, scarcely ono of them bears rule to-day; and remembering that it is pleasant also to remember somo oi tho noblo deods they did whllo thoy wero yet strong. How Sir Neil companied with tho Bruce, and shared his wanderings and priva tions; how Archibald of tho Sour Coun tenance, tho grim old Putltan, ended his life on tho scaffold for tho causo of Scottish Protestantism, and his son fol lowed him by tho samo rough road; and how in later days John of Argyll and Greenwich gavo oar to tho prayer of Joanio Deans. Tor many a century timo has bcon -working away at thoso gray old walls of Duntroon, and sunshine and shado melt softly Into oach other as wo look up at them this morning, resting, after a long row, upon our oars in tho bay. Thoy wero rough enough, doubtless, 200 years ago, when Colonel MacDon ald, the fierco left-handed warrior, camo over from Ireland to claim his inher itance in Kintyre, taken from his father on account of robelllon, and gifted to tho Campbells by James I. Determined to bo revenged, ho passed on through Argyleshiro, sparing nothing belonging to tho hated namo. After burning tho Earl of Argyll's Castlo of Swecn, in Knapdale Coll, ho sailed down Loch Swecn round tho point of Keils, and up into Loch Crinan, intending to do tho samo at Duntroon; but being uncertain as to tho strength of its garrison, ho Urst dispatchod his piper across tho 'mountains to Crina with orders to gain admission Into Duntroon Castlo and bring him information regarding it. "When tho piper arrived ho was hoplta bly received and lodged as a stranger within tho castlo; yot, treachery being 'for somo reason suspected, ho was not allowed to leavo again in tho morning, but obtained as a prisoner in ono of tho turrets. Thenco, after long waiting, ho saw his mastor's ship entering tho loch. What chanco for him nowP Tho poor piper! Tho suspicions oi Duntroon aro confirmed beyond a doubt, and his fato is not difficult to foresee; but ho does not think of hlmsolf. Tho Campbolls aro on tho alert. Ho must save his mas tor. And over tho waters of tho bay sound out tho notes of a warning, yet not to bo mistaken in its moaning. Tradition has joined to tho air theso words, and with tho spirit of it thoy ac cord well: "Coll, my love, keep from the tower, keep from the tower 1 . Coll, my darling, keep from the sound, keep, from tho sound I I am Inward; lam In ward 1" MacDonald heard; and voorlng north ward, landed his troops at thn head of tho Inch and led thorn through tho val 'ley of Kllmartln, burning, pillaging and 'cattlu-llfilnK up to tho shores of Loch Awe. Somo kind of superstitious von cratlcn for "rollglon" appears to havo been in the man, though his humanity did not allow bim to risk loss in endeav oring to rosoue his poor clansman, for wo find him immediately afterward sparing Campboll Auchlnollau's oorn nnd oattlo becauso ho was In holy or dors. In tho year 1641 tho Covenantors of '.Scotland, disgusted with Charles' du pliclty, lKJgon their preparations for as xlsting tho disaffected party In Lugland Tho commnndorship in ohiof of their armv thov offorod to Montroso, and made him acquainted with all tho pur poses of tholr "Holy Union." Mon troso set out for the north, and reached Durham in tho beginning ol March, 16(1. Thoro ho found tho Marquis of Nowcastle, who rendered him nil tho assistance in his power; and so with an army of about tf.wu men no cntorcu Scotland on April 13. I After various conflicts during tho summer, quitting Abordcon, Montroso turned back to Badcnoch, whero ho was joined by MacDonald, but hearing that Argyll was at Dunfidd trying to detach from his faithful Athollmcn, ho mado ono of his rapid movements forward- twenty miles through tho deep Novem ber snow, which covered them In tho mountain pa ses up to tho kneo nnd was once again in Atholl, to tho nst6n hhment of h'.s friends; whllo Argyll lied at his quick approach to tho cove untirp garrison at Perth. It was now tho middle of December; there was no lighting to bo done, nnd Montrose's littlo army must lind Win ter quarters. WhcrcP Tho low coun try was strongly garrisoned, tho north was a wildernc33, tho cast had proved itself hostile. Ho determined to stop westward and carry fire nnd sword through Argyllshire. By tho mlddlooi December, marching as his men wero well accustomed to march now ho was within two miles of lnvcrary Cnstlc. Tho lord of it, who had traveled thither strnight from Perth in order to bent up recruits for tho Springcampalgn, thouht the dovil himself must bo in such trans ports, nnd from tho devil ho again tied, this llmo by water, across Loch Fync. Montroso, overjoyed at tho success of his witchery, divided his troops into tlirco bodies, ono commanded by Mac Donald of Clan Ronald, another by Sir Aloxandcr MacDonald, and tho third by hlmsolf, and with them swopt tho wholo country llko a fearful anlmatod pcstllcnco; driving away tho oattlo, burning tho villages nnd crops, slaying in cold blood overy yonng man capablo of bearlnc arms. Is it wonderful that tho "Raid of tho Athollman" is still remembered with horror throughout tho country thoy desolated, and that tho namo of Alexander MacDonald, and oven that of James Graham, Is execra ted In many a Gaelic curse? Tho inhabitants oi nlmost ovory wostcrn parish havo somo story to tell regard ing this Invasion. In Craignlsh thoy will show you tho hill from which they tired on tho castle and wero beaten back with heavy loss; in Melfort, tho slto of tho barn whero men, women and children fleeing lor refugo wero burned to death; but nowhere has tho dovotton boon forgotten of iho bravo boy, our second piper of Duntroon. With the surrounding country full of rotainors ready to give tho alarm, It would havo been folly to approach Dun troon from tho land side, so Aloxander MacDonald, lollowlng his father's ex ample, determined to approach it by sea; though at this time an assault from either sldo might probably hive been successful, for it happened that only Duntroon himself nnd a few friends wero living in tho castlo garrison thcro was none and so unsuspecting of any kind of ovil woro thoy that whllo tho cnomy's ships wero entering tho bay a danco was going on in tho hall over looking. Darkness fell, ship after ship sailed up stealthily and anchored bolow tho rock, and in tho room abovo it still tho danco wont on. Wero over dancing and death nearer ono another than thoy wero that nightP After tho failuro at Craignlsh it is tho moro important that this should suc ceed. Tho order is given to land quletlv and securo tho gato; tho men aro be ginning to obey, when suddenly tho stillness is broken by tho sound of a. pi broch played wild and shrill from on board ono of tho ships, and as tho first notes of it died away in tho darkness, uio ugnts in uio castlo windows woro extinguished. Tho secrot of t'ao Atholl- men Is betrayed, but by whom? Allis tor, mad with passion, shouts for tho traitor to be seizsd and brought boforo him. That is not difficult, sinco tho pipes aro still playing; but amazement almost ovorpowors his anger when ho rccognizos tho player, a lad picked up by chanco In tho north of Ireland and pressed into scrvlco becauso of his mu sic. "Why havo you chosen to betray your loader?" ho asks "I havo chosen to resouo my loador," replies tho boy. "Did I not hlro you to oneourago my followors In battle; not to givo warning to tho enemy?" "Havo I not encouraged your folio W' crsP But I dare not betray mv chief." "Am I not your chiot by wago and contract?' "Duntroon is my "ohiof by a hlghor alloglanoo. I am his clansman, bom boyond tho hills yonder at Slochl- vullin." Timo permits no furthor parley. Tho garrison may bo about to Qro on thorn "Cut off his traitorous fingers and hang him to tho masthoad!" is tho savago order. Ah, pity, Allistor! havo you forgotten your minors pipor? And tho touching tradition closes by tolling us how, whon nothing but tho. bleeding stumps of his flngors wero loft him, tho faithful clansman still played Uhoso aro tho handed down words of his last grootlng to his chief: "All hall to thee t all health tothcel all bait t th;c, Duntroon 1 All hall to thee I all health to thee I all hall to thee, young Nell I They arc on thee , tbey are on thec; be heed ful, O Duntroon I" His or not, thoy are alivo with tho un selfish, revcrcut devotion of tho Celtic heart, which tho thing wo call civiliza tion has elected to crush out and destroy. Tho Coltlo heart must worship some thing; it worshiped you, Highland chiefs, lor many a long century, till ou cast It forth from Its homo to wan- dor hungry and shelterless over tho wido earth. Tho remnant hero and thoro remaining still worships you, 11 you will glvo it ono kind look, but tho major part has groped Its way to other lands, or into tho groat cities, thoro to worship "freedom" and your own Mnia- mon god "Wealth" not you. Frosh, cool evening draws on; not a shadow is to bo scon on nil tho wall now, for the golden light comes Hooding across from hohind tho Jura ponks, and bathos thorn in living flro. Wo hoist our littlo whito sail tho wind has risen and will carry U3 homo gloriously, happy In the brcezo blowing through our sail, la tho wator rippling across keel, in red clouds and Gaelic chorus: happier vot In tho thought that mo goon in 11 man's jiio outlasts 1110 ovil, and that for men who seem to us neither very worthy nor very good somo havo "even dared to dio." Impromptu Ingenuity. StlcntlOo American, a Spanish steamer, on, tho muslo growing fainter and falnt- or as tho chapter filled with blood, end' Ing only when his pipes woro takon from him, and with them hisllfo. Tho Athollmcn pressed on to find th castlo gates unbarred, and no ono wait Ing to opposo tholr passage. In tho dark hall, whero half an hour boforo tho danolng wontonmorrily, an old woman, too old to care for llfo, slto by heraolf, who tells them that sho, thanks to tho boy's pibroch, Is now tho garrison of Duntroon. Some years ago, whllo crossing tho Bay of Biscay in a sevcro storm, gave indications, by an unusual nolso at tho stern, that there was something wrong with tho screw propeller or its shaft outside of tho ship that Is, in tho open space between tho stern nnd rudder posts whoro tho scrow rovolvcs. Thcro was no dry dock in any of tho ports on tho coast whero tho ship could go to bo examined; and on arrival at Vigo it appeared as If thoro was no altcmativo but to re niovo tho cargo from tho stern, nnd by placing it forward thus lift tho scrow propcllor and shaft to tho surface of tho water. Tho alternative, simple as it was, meant a serious delay and groat cxponso. Before commencing to re niovo the cargo, another consultation was held. It was then decided to put tho stern of tho ship over a bed ol light colored sand, nnd ns tho water was very clear, there might bo a possibility ol ascertaining tho extent or causo of the mishap. For two days after tho vessel was so placed, tho wind caused a rip, plo on tho water, which effectually pre ventou anyining being seen, it was then suggested by some ono on board to try tho use of oil on tho surfaoo of tho water round tho stern of tho ship. Tho effect was most satisfactory. Tho wa ter was becalmed as if by magic, and it was then seon that tho wedgo or key which keeps tho propollor in Its place on tho shaft had como partly out, and thus lolt tho scrow looso on the shaft, which caused tho nolso. By continuing tho uso of oil for a low hours tho wedgo was ultimately drlvon into its placo and secured. Many days of detention and tho uso of costly appliances nnd labor woro thus saved. A few yoars ago an iron bridgo of considerable length, tho weight bolng about two hundred tons, was con structod in England, and erected in rcmoto part 01 uermany. uy somo mishap tho bridgo, when finished, was found to bo somo distanco "out" to one sldo, nn orror which tho proprietors In slated should bo rectified. To take down and reconstruct tho bridgo would bo simply ruin to tho contractor. But necessity is tho mothor ot invention anu so 11 provou in tms caso. it was summer timo, and tho contractor pro ceeded to find tho amount of expansion which was caused by tho hoat of tho sun over tho wholo length of the bridgo Ho noxt ascertained what contraction took placo In tho night by cooling, Armed with thoso data ho thought it might bo possible to bring tho bridgo to Its proper position In a few days. Tho bridgo, of course, in its ordinary con dition, expanded from tho contro, push. ing its two ends outward or farthor apart, and again contracting toward tho centre Taking advantage of these conditions ono end was mado last In tho morning, and tho bridgo was forced to expand from that Immovablo point in stoad of from tho middlo, as formerly. When tho iron composing the bridgo had expanded to Its full cxtont in tho direction intended, that end was re leased and tho opposlto end mado fast. Tho bridgo then contracted toward Its truo position. Thus, whatover was gained by tho day's expansion was se cured by tho subsequent contraction when tho metal cooled at night, and tho process bolng rcnowed day by day tho work was successfully acconi pltshed. An Ingonlous application of oxpanslon and contraction of motals was made uso of in Fianco, and has frequently been takon advantago ot since. Tho walls oi a largo building In Paris woro obscrv cd to bo giving way by bulging out wards, and tho problom was to bring thorn back to their vortical position. For this purpose a numbor of bars of walls very gently, but with Irreslstlblo lorco, into tholr normal position. It is woll known that in working Iron, such as welding two pieces together, and oven In its manufacture, hollow places or flaws occur, with merely an outBldo skin over tho defcetivo parts, which nny test but a destructive ono would fail to discover. Nor would it bo difficult to ' point out numerous cx- nmplcs of disaster thus occurring. To test tho homogenoity of tho metal, a bar of iron Is placed on tho equatorial line. A compass with a very sonsltlvo needle is placed along in front of tho bar, tho nccdlo of courso pointing at a right nnglo to It. If tho bar is porfeotly solid through Its wholo length, tho ueu- dlo will remain steady. If, howovcr, thcro should bo a Haw or hollow placo In tho bar, tho nccdlo will bo deflected as it pnsses fiom tho solid to tho hollow placo, backward toward tho solid iron; passing on over tho hollow placo, tho nccdlo will como within tho rnngo ol tho solid iron at tho other end of tho Haw, and will again bo dcllcctod for ward. II tho bar bo cut through any- wliero between the30 two points ol do- lloctlon, nflaw will invariably be found. Many thousands of pieces of iron somo prepared for tho purposo of testing this method of trial, others in tho ordinary courso of business havo boon operated upon with tho samo unvarying result. A striking instanco of ingenuity in taking advantago of tho rosourccs o naturo in nn emergency, is found in Sir Samuel Baker's nocount of his travels in Abyssinia. His stock of soap had be come exhausted: and lie possessed abundance of various kinds ol fat, in cluding that of elephants, hippopotami, Hons, and rhinoceros; ho determined to convert a quantity of this grcaso Into soap. For this purposo ho required bath potash and lime; and how woro these to bo obtained? Tho neglock troo, ho louml, was oxcoptlonally rich In potash; ho thcrofuro burned a largo quantity, and mado a strong lyo with tho ashes, which ho conqentratcd by boiling. Thcro was no limestone, but tho river produced a plentiful supply of oyster shells, which, if burned, produco excellent lime. What was next wanted was a kiln in which to burn tho shells and this ho constructed out of ono ol thoso great ant hills, which rlso to ten feet high, common to thoso valloya, and which possess a very hard external crust. Two natives hollowed out ono of thoso hills; a proper draught holo was mado below from tho outside; It was loaded with wood, and fillod with somo six bushols of oyster shells, which wero again covorod with fuel; and after burning twenty-four hours a supply of excellent llmo was obtained. Then commenced his soap boiling, which was effected in a largo coppor pot of Egyptian manufacture Tho ingredi ents oi potash, limo and fat woro then carefully mlxod; and aftor boiling ten hours, and having boon constantly stirred, ho obtained oxcollont soap, of wh'ch ho had In nil about forty pounds weight. OLD LETTKH From All tho Tear Round. My letters I written In my earnest boyhood To ono who le'ft us but tho other day, And I am sitting here, and try to read them Through tears I do not euro to brush away. Tears for my friend, and tears, ah 1 much more bitter, For him, myself the self that Is as dead As ho to whom these faded things wero writ ten, E'er youth and trust had from my living fled. It was myself, remember that, who wroto them, Read tbcra onco more, and nolo tho noble life, The vast endeavor and the desperate struggle To rise abovo the grovellers In tho strife; The si:.l ice of lelf for good of others; The passions at the sufferings of tho poor; Tho angry light 'gainst pride, and sin, and riches; The looking onward when tho prize was sure. Ours, too, the hands to case the overladen, Ours tho strong voices whoeo sweet words of truth Bhould e'er compel a hearing from the pcoplo Who now but eccfL'd at our Impetuous youth. Tho world, awakened, soon would grow much better, Sin and sorrow, dying In the dust Would vanish from tho earth before tho sun light Flashed from our swords, whoso blades should never rust. Yet ho Is dead, and I am old and tired, 1 do not care It all the world be sin; I listen dally to my sons' loud vaunttngs O! that bright future they are sure to win. Ah 1 burn the letters. As they fall to ashes Mcthtnks they're like our fading mortal dreams, Worls upon words, and little of fulfilment Of all was uromtsel by our youth' bright gleams! when the smoko Is broathed, ns in a room; loss in tho. open ntr. A frog nlacod in a rccolvor containing a solu tion of nicotine, with about a drop bf that substanco to a littlo water, suc cumbs in a fow hours. Tobacco smoko contains about 8 millilitrcs of carbonlo oxldo per 100 grammes of tobacco burned. Tho poisonom properties of tobacco smoko aro not duo to this ga, as has bocn maintained in Germany. Will llic lttcctrlc l.lgtitTaH. New rork Wr!d. Thcro being such a diversity of opin ion on this important hubject among thoso directly interested, somo export testimony was sought. Dr. Goorgo M. Beard said: I studied tho olectrio light with Mr. Edison for a long lime, but I confess this is a problem that never had suggested itself to mo. Yet, I should think thn clectrlo light ought to tan. 1 should not, howovor, say that as subdi vided by Edison It would tan to tho samo extent as tho Hght3of tho power ful single burners llko thoso on Broad way and in tho stores. But tho differ enco would bo ono of degroo, nnd not ol kind. All forms ot light might tan to a cortaln extent it' tho faco Is kept a long timo exposed to them. I sco no way of settling tho question of degrco except by comparatlvo experiments, and such experiments aro now going on In ovcry largo city in tho country. A slight amount oi tanning would bo moro than compensated for by tho groator hoalth- fulncss ot tho light In other respects. What Is tho philosophy of tannlngP It is a chemical action, nnd wo don't know much about chemistry. Hoat bakes n than Japan, but Japan assurodly has somo. Whatcovors tho English protonso of nntratumoled commorolal intorcourso with overwhelming mockery, in tholr oyes, is tho ciroumstanco that Great Brtain imposes a tax of largor amount upon its imports from Japan than tho entlro customs rovonuo ol Japan from ovory source Moro than this, tho incomo to tho British treasury proceed ing from duty upon a single Japancso product is groator than nil tho customs recolpts of Japan put togothor. The knowledge of this is sufficient to out weigh all tho financial theories that tho English legatton can bring forward. But tho English logatlon has a "might" behind It, against which Japan's assor tlon of indisputable "right" can nover provlal. THE MARTYRDOM OF AN EMPIRE. PRACTICAL SCIENCE. nr k. 11. house. Msjr At'anltc. Tho opening of Japan, ns ovory ono Is nwaro, was effectod by tho 'United States of Amoi lea. Prcolsely what this country Intended to accomplish by thot imposing deed it would bo difficult to say. What It did accomplish was to open a clear way for tho realization of ono of Great Britain's most ardont hopes. Our commercial needs havo novor been pressing, but tho extension of English trado bogan to bo, a quarter ot a century ago, a matter oroxtromost importanco to tho merchants and manu facturers of that kingdom. Everything that could bodonotj facilitate Lord Elofln'n nlnnu tvna ,1nn t,n loafofbroad, and might bo said to tan suZ it. Exposuroto tho sun's rays Increases . A . . t - - . w . ivwu tivutjr, IU3UUUWJU HIIH iron having scrows and nut3 on each end woro lot through tho opposlto walls and across tho Intervening spaco be tween them. Tho nuts and sorowed portion of tho bars wero outside. Tho bars woro now heated by a numbor of lamps suspondod bolow them until thoy had oxpandod as much as possible, and tho nuts screwed up against tho out sides of tho two opposlto walls. Tho lamps woro noxt removed, whon tho heated bars, In cooling, gradually con traoted in tholr longtb, bringing tho Origin of nu Old Adage. Notes and Queries. Tho proverbial saying "tho gray maro is tho better horse," instead of being Flemish, is more likely of British origin, and may havo tazen its riso from tho following circumstancor: Agontloman having married a lady of considerable beauty and fortuno, but whoso doml ncoring tompcr and disregard of mari tal authority on all occasions mado his homo wretched, ontroated her father to take back his daughter, and herdowory Into tho bargain. "Pooh, pooh," said tho old gentleman, "you Iif.ow not tho world. All women govern their hus bands, and It is easily proved. Harness tho tivo horses in my stablo to a cart, in which I will placo a baskot containg 100 eggs; leavo a horso at every houso where tho husband is master, and nn ogg only whero tho wlfo governs. If you should find your eggs gono beforo tho horses, you will think your caso not so uncommon; but if your horsos nro disposed of first I will tako my daugh ter homo again and you may hoop Lor fortuno." At tho first houso tho son- in-law camo to beard tho wlfo, in a shrill and angry voice, bid hor husband an swer tho door; hero ho loft nn ogg with out Inquiry. lie visited a socond and third houso with the samo result. The eggs woro noarly all gono when ho ar- arrivod at tho scat of a gentleman of position in tho country. Having asked lor the master, who hoppened not to-bo yot stirring, ho was ushered Into tho presonco of tho lady. Humbly apolo gizing for tho intrusion, ho put tho ques tion of obodienco; and on tho lidy re plying she was proud to obey nor Hus band in all things, tho husband onlerod tho room and confirmed tho wife's words, unon which ho was rcquosted to ohooso which horse ho liked. A black gelding struck his fanoy, but tho lady desired ho would ohooso tho gray raaro, as moro lit lor a suio sauuio. jNotwun standlng tho substantial reasons why tho biaoK norso wouw do moro uaoiui, tho wlto porsisted in hor claim for tho gray maro. "What!" said sho. "and you will not tako hor, then?" "But you snail, lor 1 am sure uio gray maro is niuoh tho bottor horso." "Well, woll, my doar," ropllcd tho husband, "Just as you pioaso, 11 11 must uano. "wu, quoth tho gcntloraan oar tor, "you must now tako an egg, and I- must take all my horsos baok again, and endeavor to llvo nappuy witu my who." AChlcaeo odltor advortlsos for a wlfo who knows loss than bo does. And If a woman Is fool enough to answer tho advertisement sho will bo very euro to bo tho ono ho is looklug for. Tho dootor's daughtor; "I deolaro you'ro a dreadful fanatic, Mrs. Crlzzom. I do bollovo you think nobody will bo savod but you and your mlnlstorl" Old lady: "Awoel, my doar, I whiles hao my doubts about tho moonlstor." Purlly or Water. Prof. Tidy, In a paper read boforo tho London Chemical Society, rostatcs, hi reply to Dr. Frankland, his firm con viction that a fairly rapid river, having received sowago In quantity not cxeood Ing ono-twcntloth of its volume, regains its purity aftor n run of a fow mlle3 and becomes wholcsomo andgood for drink ing. IriiNlc Add. Prussic acid remains for a considera ble timo in tho bodies of animals poi soned with It, and nrrest their decay. M. Bramo killed a rabbit and a cat by administering to each a grainmo of this ncld. A mouth afterward their bod ies were fourd perfectly preserved, the doso being sufficient to pormoato tho tissues, and to become intlmatoly in corporated with thoso of tho stomach. Iron Mulpliidc. Rusty-colored spots woro noticed on somo hammock canvas used by tho French army in Algorin. Dr. Trlplor roported that when tho canvas was washed dark spots appeared, and tho material soon fell to pieces. M. Ballnnd mado this matter tho subject of a paper road on Fob. 28th bororo tho French Academy of SMcncos, and said that tho spots woro probably duo to Iron sul phido, produced Ly alkallno sulphides in tho artificial soda, and by Iron oxldo fixed by tho stuff in manufacture. Tho sulphide passod into tho stato of sulphato undor atmospheric influoncos by a com bustlon whloh causod a destruction of tho canvas. Electric Light. Mr. J. W. Swan, in a paper on tho subdivision of tho olectrio light, does not hopo for any oxtonslvo and econ omical subdivision ot tho light by lamps in which thoro is combustion. Tho truo incandescent lamps prevent tho com bustion of the carbon in ono of two ways cither by tho entire exhaustion of tho air from tho ohambor in whloh tho hoated carbon is placed, or by tho filling of the chamber with an inort gas such as nitrogen. Both thoso oxpcdl onts woro tried by tho early lnvontors, and both havo still tholr advooatos Tho early experimenters failod to ao comnlish what they sought from throo causes, any ono of which was sufficient to bar tho way. First, tho carbons em ployed wero so thick as to requiro a largo current to produco tho required tomporaturo in them; second, tho car bons wero not durable, and third, tho lamp-glass speedily becamo obscured, Ho showod that It was tho invention of tho Sprcngel pump, nnd tho uso Mr, Crookos showod could be mado of It that has caused modern electricians to be so successful as they aro in obtaining olectrio light by incandoscenco. Product oi Tolmcco. Dr. Lo Bon continues his resoarohes regarding tho products ot tobacco. Tho new alkali found in tobacco smoko (with other aromatic principles, and prusslo acid us woll as nlcotlno) Is liquid of very agreoablo and very pono tratlng odor, and ai poisonous as nloo. tlno, tho twontioth part of ono dro sufllolng to paralyze and kill a frog. Is tho prussso nold and tho various aro matloprlnolplcs that causo hoadaoho giddiness, ana nausea, m smoking c tain tobaccos that contain littlo nlcotl Other tobaccos, rioh in nlootlne, h no suoh effects. Tho tobaccos cont mostpruselo acid and collidino aro th of Havana and tho Levant. Tho da somi-llquld matter whloh condonscs in pipes and cigar-holders contains all tho substancos mentioned, as well as car bonato of ammonia, tarry and.colorlng matter, oto. It Is vory poisonous. Two or throo drops of it will kill a small animal. Tho combustion of tho tobacco destroys but a small part of tho nloo tlno, and tho most of this appoa-s in tho smoko, Tho proportion absorbed by smokers varies according to olroum stanoes, but hardly over falls short of 60 contigrammos for overy 100 grammes of tobacco burned, About tho samo quantity of ammonia is absorbod at tho samo time, Naturally, more of tho nolsonous principles aro absorbod and deranges tho pigmentary doposlt ol tho skin. Thcro is a groat dlflVrcnco in skins, buu all human skins are incom parably moro sonsltlvo to tho chemical rays from a light than carpots or tnc most delicate fabrics, and becauso tho olectrio light tans it would not bo fair to conoludo that It would fade cloth3. 1 do not think that nt all probable." Dr. Goorgo H. Fox said: I havo heard idles complain that tho olectrio light ouldtan thorn and injuro their com plexions, but moro'complain ol its clear whito light exposing imperfections that tho dim gas-light concoals. As photo graphs can bo taken by tho uso of the olectrio light, I sco no reason why it should not tan. I should judge that it would. Just oxactly what chango takes placo In tho process of tanning is not definitely known. If a person sits long enough in front ot a firo ho may bo tan nod or wind may tan a porson." Tho English in Japan. dy e. n. HOUSE. May Atlantic. The plainost ovidonoo mdioatcs a set tled purposo to impoverish tho country, rondor It incapablo of maintaining its own industries, mako it depondont upon England for supplies, and so hamper tho public finances as to compel, If pos sible, tho negotiation of British loan3 which, again, shall bo used as now in struments of oppression, until, whllo preserving tho outward aspoct of auton omy, It shall bo virtually dogradod Into tho condition of India. It Is startling to discover, as may bo dono by minuto scrutiny, to what extent this precious design has already boon wrought out. Nothing but tho fact that beneath tho easy and docllo boaring of tho populaco thero oxlsts a spirit predominantly among tho cultivated classes of sturdy solf-rospoct and intenso prldo of raco saves the outlook lrom dosporatlon. There is not upon the earth a moro pas- slonatoly patriotic community than the samurai, or gentry of Japan. Pride, howovor, Is anything but a protection against humiliation, and patriotism does not afford a rofugo lrom grinding want, Manv of tho people aro bitterly and miserably poor, a thing almost un known beforo tho advent of strangors, and tho deprivations of povorty are on iho Incroaso. Ono of tho numorous baloful results of forolgn machinations is a heavy depreciation of tho domestic curronoy, brought about, presumably, with tho viow of weakening tho national credit; tho Immedlato effect of which is to destroy tho government's power of succoring tho distressed by dlroot boun ty, or building up Bafoguards against pauperism by promoting induKtnal en torlscs. All It eau do Is to sustain its ihigh character for Integrity, by moot ing ovory engagement with Honorable promptness; nnd this It will do lo its last hour. Meanwhile, it looks among tX)so who havo brought thoso sorrows upou tho country for somo token of pathy or consolation, and seos no ign. it it turn to ungianu's agents, foobly hoping against hopo defeated a hundred times, tho most it gets is a cbeertul discourse upon tho blessings of "i'reo trado," which tho great Island kingdom of tho West would fain Implant intftho littlo island ompiro ot tho Last. So long as Japan Is tondlng toward that blissful consummation, an absolutely uurostrleted commerce, it is impossible its polltloal machinery can work urwlso than happily nnd woll. Tho rln of a mass of cotton producers, the suU'erlng of millions concorned In the manufacture and sale of that ctaplo, tho paralysis ot a dozon, or a hundrod, do mestic industries, and tho slow starva tion ot tho holploss victims to afion creed, thoso aro triflos to which tho promotors of a lofty economlo prlnolplo can glvo no hoed. But what havo tho Japancso to say upon this hoadf To thorn tho ldoa of ono nation, whoso an nual oustoms rovonuo is a hundred mill ions, prating. about porfoot froedom of trado to another, whloh collects only two In tho methods of transacting business In tho unfamiliar gold, and lent him a Dutch interpreter, without whoso aid ho could not havo communicated an intclliglblo ldoa. All this was in accord ance with tho domands of high courtesy, nnd In duo timo Mr. Harris received an inostlmablo token of recognition in tho shnpo of a royal snuff-box; but if ho hnd foreseen what was tb follow In nfter yoars, ho novor would havo moved a hand In aid of British iugross to Japan. Tho discrepancy in customs duty abovo mentioned was tho first manifestation of a determined resolve to break down ovory ob3taclo to tho untaxed admission of English goods, no matter at what cost or Injury to tho freshly oponod na tion. It is hero necessary to Jcscrlbo with precision tho unfortunato mlstako in Mr. Harris's convention of 1858, that mlstako whloh, Insplto of his good In tentions throughout, has bcon to Japan "tho direful spring of woes unnum bered." As ho has frequently declared, ho novor intended nor expected that tho treaty should represent anything but a tomporary arrangoment. It was intendod to cover tho term of fourteen years in its political provisions, and five years in its tariff stipulations. It did, indood, provldo for a readjustment of tho customs duties in 18C3, in caso tho Japancso govornmont should deslro it. But tho dato of a general revision was fixed at 1872. This revision was to tako placo upon tho demand ol cither of tho contracting parties. Contrary to tho common rulo, no limit was as signed to tho oporatlon of tho treuty. It was, in fact, interminable, unloss a rovlsion could bo agrocd upon in 1872 or later. If its torms had beon mutually bonefioial, or tho reverse, thoro would probably havo been no objection to a partial or a thorough reconstruction, as tho caso might bo. It is easy to understand, however, that if it wero strongly to tho disadvantage of ono sldo tho othor would havo a powerful In terest in opposing any ohango. And so It has been. Tho working of tho treaty has proved flagrantly injurious to Japan, and proportionately favorable to tho forolgn powers, exceptionally favor ablo to England, that country having tho most extensive trado connection. Under theso circumstances, the En glish roprnsontatlvo has always mot tho appeals of tho Japaucso for revision with evasion, or with counter-proposals so monstrous as to destroy all hops of a just negotiation. Tho weaker party has had no choico but to submit to the prolonged infliction of a cruel burden; Ihe only alternative unless somo na tion be led, in tho namo of international honor, to speak a rosculng word on hor behalf bolng a downright renuncia tion of tho opprosslvo enactment, which might entail tho porils ot an unequal war. that oniur A Costly Ironclad. London Tiuth. Tho Inflexible is n costly ship. Hor hull cost noarly 500,000, and hor en gines and machinery almost another 100,000; but ovon tho ostlmatus will not show what tho total oxpondituro, dlreot and indirect, will have boon upon her beforo sho Is ready lor hor trial commission, and "authorities" who usually swear by Admiralty doulations aro admitting that tho outlalboforo her completion mato from thWy to forty per cent, inoro fsanwul bmIglnally expooted. Tho cost of hor hydinullo machinery and appliances Is a littlo eyo openor. They havo beon supplied by Messrs. Armstrong & Co., of tho Els. wick Foundry, whoso bill Is now boforo tholr lordships. It only amounts to thoPmoro than 10,000, half of which is for "mounting tho four olghty-ton guns," whloh means furnishing tho hy draulio fittings for thorn. Carrlod off tho palm Tho shot that deprived a soldier of a hand. It was a woalthy Philadolnhlan who. millions, and has no intontlon of oolloot- bolng asked, on his return from Europo, Ing moro than eight or ten, Is tho ex how ho llkod tho Bosphorus, ropllod tromlty ot lmpudonco and absurdity, that ho didn't oat any and preforred tho England undoubtedly has groator needs ordinary home-mado sausages.