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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, May 20, 1881, Image 6

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rom Temple nr.
8tie rambled through the meadows wide,
80 richly gemmed with dew;
Her hair was bright as golden light,
Her ejes were azure blue.
And shyly, there, the farmer lad
Defrayed his love and woe;
She passed him by
With head held high,
And coldly answered "Nol"
She wandered to the woodland pool,
I)y wild flowers all brglrt-,
She saw her beauty In Its depth,
And smtlcd the pretty flirt t
.And there the curato told his lore,
Though hope was almost dead ;
But though she sighed
She naught replied,
She only shook her head.
She lingered by the broid park gate,
The old lord lingered too;
He sought the maiden for his bride,
And knew too, how to woo.
And though he fclgnedlove's sad despair,
Her answer he could guess;
But could nit spy
Her triumph high,
She smiled, and whloered "Vc."
Stories of Scotch Devotion.
tloo.1 Wordi.
Lonely on Its rock, wiishcd by tho
sea waves, which 011 a stormy day dash
up against tho windows of tho upper
story, stands tho Castlo of Duntroon
Tho traveler from Oban to Crluan
has a cood view oi it as tho steamer
turns tho point and crosses into Crinan
Bay: and is a view which, if ho has any
lovo for tho wild and beautiful and
sympathy with tho stranco Highland
pass, whero men fought and raved all
their live, ncvor resting till they died
bo will not easily turn lrom or forget,
Torhaps ho may fool interested enough
to Inquire of ono oi tho sailors who
built it; who chose to porch his nest out
thcro on tho headland au l defy tho sea,
And tho man will answer probably that
it was "Just ono of tho Campbells," for
from hero it is no "far cry to Loch
Awo,"tho heart of tho old Campboll
country, if tho Campboll country
could ever havo had a heart. A
grasping, treachorous sot, wo aro told
they wero, thoso Campbells who sold
their King to his enemies, massacred
tho MacDonalds at Glcncoo, got posses
sion unworthily of tho Lordship of
Lome, and quartered tho golloy with
their own gyrons.
Wo may talk about them freely now,
for their own lan'l knows them no more;
through tho length and bredthoi it,
where onco no other namo was heard,
scarcely ono of them bears rule to-day;
and remembering that it is pleasant also
to remember somo oi tho noblo deods
they did whllo thoy wero yet strong.
How Sir Neil companied with tho Bruce,
and shared his wanderings and priva
tions; how Archibald of tho Sour Coun
tenance, tho grim old Putltan, ended
his life on tho scaffold for tho causo of
Scottish Protestantism, and his son fol
lowed him by tho samo rough road; and
how in later days John of Argyll and
Greenwich gavo oar to tho prayer of
Joanio Deans.
Tor many a century timo has bcon
-working away at thoso gray old walls
of Duntroon, and sunshine and shado
melt softly Into oach other as wo look
up at them this morning, resting, after
a long row, upon our oars in tho bay.
Thoy wero rough enough, doubtless,
200 years ago, when Colonel MacDon
ald, the fierco left-handed warrior, camo
over from Ireland to claim his inher
itance in Kintyre, taken from his father
on account of robelllon, and gifted to
tho Campbells by James I. Determined
to bo revenged, ho passed on through
Argyleshiro, sparing nothing belonging
to tho hated namo. After burning tho
Earl of Argyll's Castlo of Swecn, in
Knapdale Coll, ho sailed down Loch
Swecn round tho point of Keils, and up
into Loch Crinan, intending to do tho
samo at Duntroon; but being uncertain
as to tho strength of its garrison, ho
Urst dispatchod his piper across tho
'mountains to Crina with orders to gain
admission Into Duntroon Castlo and
bring him information regarding it.
"When tho piper arrived ho was hoplta
bly received and lodged as a stranger
within tho castlo; yot, treachery being
'for somo reason suspected, ho was not
allowed to leavo again in tho morning,
but obtained as a prisoner in ono of tho
turrets. Thenco, after long waiting, ho
saw his mastor's ship entering tho loch.
What chanco for him nowP Tho poor
piper! Tho suspicions oi Duntroon aro
confirmed beyond a doubt, and his fato
is not difficult to foresee; but ho does
not think of hlmsolf. Tho Campbolls
aro on tho alert. Ho must save his mas
tor. And over tho waters of tho bay
sound out tho notes of a warning, yet
not to bo mistaken in its moaning.
Tradition has joined to tho air theso
words, and with tho spirit of it thoy ac
cord well:
"Coll, my love, keep from the tower, keep
from the tower 1 .
Coll, my darling, keep from the sound, keep,
from tho sound I
I am Inward; lam In ward 1"
MacDonald heard; and voorlng north
ward, landed his troops at thn head of
tho Inch and led thorn through tho val
'ley of Kllmartln, burning, pillaging and
'cattlu-llfilnK up to tho shores of Loch
Awe. Somo kind of superstitious von
cratlcn for "rollglon" appears to havo
been in the man, though his humanity
did not allow bim to risk loss in endeav
oring to rosoue his poor clansman,
for wo find him immediately afterward
sparing Campboll Auchlnollau's oorn
nnd oattlo becauso ho was In holy or
In tho year 1641 tho Covenantors of
'.Scotland, disgusted with Charles' du
pliclty, lKJgon their preparations for as
xlsting tho disaffected party In Lugland
Tho commnndorship in ohiof of their
armv thov offorod to Montroso, and
made him acquainted with all tho pur
poses of tholr "Holy Union." Mon
troso set out for the north, and reached
Durham in tho beginning ol March,
16(1. Thoro ho found tho Marquis of
Nowcastle, who rendered him nil tho
assistance in his power; and so with an
army of about tf.wu men no cntorcu
Scotland on April 13. I
After various conflicts during tho
summer, quitting Abordcon, Montroso
turned back to Badcnoch, whero ho was
joined by MacDonald, but hearing that
Argyll was at Dunfidd trying to detach
from his faithful Athollmcn, ho mado
ono of his rapid movements forward-
twenty miles through tho deep Novem
ber snow, which covered them In tho
mountain pa ses up to tho kneo nnd
was once again in Atholl, to tho nst6n
hhment of h'.s friends; whllo Argyll
lied at his quick approach to tho cove
untirp garrison at Perth.
It was now tho middle of December;
there was no lighting to bo done, nnd
Montrose's littlo army must lind Win
ter quarters. WhcrcP Tho low coun
try was strongly garrisoned, tho north
was a wildernc33, tho cast had proved
itself hostile. Ho determined to stop
westward and carry fire nnd sword
through Argyllshire. By tho mlddlooi
December, marching as his men wero
well accustomed to march now ho was
within two miles of lnvcrary Cnstlc.
Tho lord of it, who had traveled thither
strnight from Perth in order to bent up
recruits for tho Springcampalgn, thouht
the dovil himself must bo in such trans
ports, nnd from tho devil ho again tied,
this llmo by water, across Loch Fync.
Montroso, overjoyed at tho success of
his witchery, divided his troops into
tlirco bodies, ono commanded by Mac
Donald of Clan Ronald, another by Sir
Aloxandcr MacDonald, and tho third
by hlmsolf, and with them swopt tho
wholo country llko a fearful anlmatod
pcstllcnco; driving away tho oattlo,
burning tho villages nnd crops, slaying
in cold blood overy yonng man capablo
of bearlnc arms. Is it wonderful that
tho "Raid of tho Athollman" is still
remembered with horror throughout
tho country thoy desolated, and that
tho namo of Alexander MacDonald, and
oven that of James Graham, Is execra
ted In many a Gaelic curse? Tho
inhabitants oi nlmost ovory wostcrn
parish havo somo story to tell regard
ing this Invasion. In Craignlsh thoy
will show you tho hill from which they
tired on tho castle and wero beaten
back with heavy loss; in Melfort, tho
slto of tho barn whero men, women and
children fleeing lor refugo wero burned
to death; but nowhere has tho dovotton
boon forgotten of iho bravo boy, our
second piper of Duntroon.
With the surrounding country full of
rotainors ready to give tho alarm, It
would havo been folly to approach Dun
troon from tho land side, so Aloxander
MacDonald, lollowlng his father's ex
ample, determined to approach it by
sea; though at this time an assault from
either sldo might probably hive been
successful, for it happened that only
Duntroon himself nnd a few friends
wero living in tho castlo garrison thcro
was none and so unsuspecting of any
kind of ovil woro thoy that whllo tho
cnomy's ships wero entering tho bay
a danco was going on in tho hall over
looking. Darkness fell, ship after ship
sailed up stealthily and anchored bolow
tho rock, and in tho room abovo it still
tho danco wont on. Wero over dancing
and death nearer ono another than thoy
wero that nightP
After tho failuro at Craignlsh it is tho
moro important that this should suc
ceed. Tho order is given to land quletlv
and securo tho gato; tho men aro be
ginning to obey, when suddenly tho
stillness is broken by tho sound of a. pi
broch played wild and shrill from on
board ono of tho ships, and as tho first
notes of it died away in tho darkness,
uio ugnts in uio castlo windows woro
extinguished. Tho secrot of t'ao Atholl-
men Is betrayed, but by whom? Allis
tor, mad with passion, shouts for tho
traitor to be seizsd and brought boforo
him. That is not difficult, sinco tho
pipes aro still playing; but amazement
almost ovorpowors his anger when ho
rccognizos tho player, a lad picked up
by chanco In tho north of Ireland and
pressed into scrvlco becauso of his mu
"Why havo you chosen to betray your
loader?" ho asks
"I havo chosen to resouo my loador,"
replies tho boy.
"Did I not hlro you to oneourago my
followors In battle; not to givo warning
to tho enemy?"
"Havo I not encouraged your folio W'
crsP But I dare not betray mv chief."
"Am I not your chiot by wago and
"Duntroon is my "ohiof by a hlghor
alloglanoo. I am his clansman, bom
boyond tho hills yonder at Slochl-
Timo permits no furthor parley. Tho
garrison may bo about to Qro on thorn
"Cut off his traitorous fingers and hang
him to tho masthoad!" is tho savago
Ah, pity, Allistor! havo you forgotten
your minors pipor?
And tho touching tradition closes by
tolling us how, whon nothing but tho.
bleeding stumps of his flngors wero loft
him, tho faithful clansman still played
Uhoso aro tho handed down words of
his last grootlng to his chief:
"All hall to thee t all health tothcel all bait t
th;c, Duntroon 1
All hall to thee I all health to thee I all hall to
thee, young Nell I
They arc on thee , tbey are on thec; be heed
ful, O Duntroon I"
His or not, thoy are alivo with tho un
selfish, revcrcut devotion of tho Celtic
heart, which tho thing wo call civiliza
tion has elected to crush out and destroy.
Tho Coltlo heart must worship some
thing; it worshiped you, Highland
chiefs, lor many a long century, till
ou cast It forth from Its homo to wan-
dor hungry and shelterless over tho
wido earth. Tho remnant hero and
thoro remaining still worships you, 11
you will glvo it ono kind look, but tho
major part has groped Its way to other
lands, or into tho groat cities, thoro to
worship "freedom" and your own Mnia-
mon god "Wealth" not you.
Frosh, cool evening draws on; not a
shadow is to bo scon on nil tho wall
now, for the golden light comes Hooding
across from hohind tho Jura ponks, and
bathos thorn in living flro. Wo hoist
our littlo whito sail tho wind has risen
and will carry U3 homo gloriously,
happy In the brcezo blowing through
our sail, la tho wator rippling across
keel, in red clouds and Gaelic
chorus: happier vot In tho thought that
mo goon in 11 man's jiio outlasts 1110
ovil, and that for men who seem to us
neither very worthy nor very good
somo havo "even dared to dio."
Impromptu Ingenuity.
StlcntlOo American,
a Spanish steamer,
on, tho muslo growing fainter and falnt-
or as tho chapter filled with blood, end'
Ing only when his pipes woro takon
from him, and with them hisllfo.
Tho Athollmcn pressed on to find th
castlo gates unbarred, and no ono wait
Ing to opposo tholr passage. In tho dark
hall, whero half an hour boforo tho
danolng wontonmorrily, an old woman,
too old to care for llfo, slto by heraolf,
who tells them that sho, thanks to tho
boy's pibroch, Is now tho garrison of
Some years ago,
whllo crossing tho Bay of Biscay in a
sevcro storm, gave indications, by an
unusual nolso at tho stern, that there
was something wrong with tho screw
propeller or its shaft outside of tho ship
that Is, in tho open space between
tho stern nnd rudder posts whoro tho
scrow rovolvcs. Thcro was no dry
dock in any of tho ports on tho coast
whero tho ship could go to bo examined;
and on arrival at Vigo it appeared as
If thoro was no altcmativo but to re
niovo tho cargo from tho stern, nnd by
placing it forward thus lift tho scrow
propcllor and shaft to tho surface of tho
water. Tho alternative, simple as it
was, meant a serious delay and groat
cxponso. Before commencing to re
niovo the cargo, another consultation
was held. It was then decided to put
tho stern of tho ship over a bed ol light
colored sand, nnd ns tho water was very
clear, there might bo a possibility ol
ascertaining tho extent or causo of the
mishap. For two days after tho vessel
was so placed, tho wind caused a rip,
plo on tho water, which effectually pre
ventou anyining being seen, it was
then suggested by some ono on board to
try tho use of oil on tho surfaoo of tho
water round tho stern of tho ship. Tho
effect was most satisfactory. Tho wa
ter was becalmed as if by magic, and it
was then seon that tho wedgo or key
which keeps tho propollor in Its place
on tho shaft had como partly out, and
thus lolt tho scrow looso on the shaft,
which caused tho nolso. By continuing
tho uso of oil for a low hours tho wedgo
was ultimately drlvon into its placo and
secured. Many days of detention and
tho uso of costly appliances nnd labor
woro thus saved.
A few yoars ago an iron bridgo of
considerable length, tho weight bolng
about two hundred tons, was con
structod in England, and erected in
rcmoto part 01 uermany. uy somo
mishap tho bridgo, when finished, was
found to bo somo distanco "out" to one
sldo, nn orror which tho proprietors In
slated should bo rectified. To take
down and reconstruct tho bridgo would
bo simply ruin to tho contractor. But
necessity is tho mothor ot invention
anu so 11 provou in tms caso. it was
summer timo, and tho contractor pro
ceeded to find tho amount of expansion
which was caused by tho hoat of tho
sun over tho wholo length of the bridgo
Ho noxt ascertained what contraction
took placo In tho night by cooling,
Armed with thoso data ho thought it
might bo possible to bring tho bridgo to
Its proper position In a few days. Tho
bridgo, of course, in its ordinary con
dition, expanded from tho contro, push.
ing its two ends outward or farthor
apart, and again contracting toward
tho centre Taking advantage of these
conditions ono end was mado last In tho
morning, and tho bridgo was forced to
expand from that Immovablo point in
stoad of from tho middlo, as formerly.
When tho iron composing the bridgo
had expanded to Its full cxtont in tho
direction intended, that end was re
leased and tho opposlto end mado fast.
Tho bridgo then contracted toward Its
truo position. Thus, whatover was
gained by tho day's expansion was se
cured by tho subsequent contraction
when tho metal cooled at night, and
tho process bolng rcnowed day by day
tho work was successfully acconi
An Ingonlous application of oxpanslon
and contraction of motals was made uso
of in Fianco, and has frequently been
takon advantago ot since. Tho walls
oi a largo building In Paris woro obscrv
cd to bo giving way by bulging out
wards, and tho problom was to bring
thorn back to their vortical position.
For this purpose a numbor of bars of
walls very gently, but with Irreslstlblo
lorco, into tholr normal position.
It is woll known that in working Iron,
such as welding two pieces together,
and oven In its manufacture, hollow
places or flaws occur, with merely an
outBldo skin over tho defcetivo parts,
which nny test but a destructive ono
would fail to discover. Nor would it
bo difficult to ' point out numerous cx-
nmplcs of disaster thus occurring. To
test tho homogenoity of tho metal, a
bar of iron Is placed on tho equatorial
line. A compass with a very sonsltlvo
needle is placed along in front of tho
bar, tho nccdlo of courso pointing at a
right nnglo to It. If tho bar is porfeotly
solid through Its wholo length, tho ueu-
dlo will remain steady. If, howovcr,
thcro should bo a Haw or hollow placo
In tho bar, tho nccdlo will bo deflected
as it pnsses fiom tho solid to tho hollow
placo, backward toward tho solid iron;
passing on over tho hollow placo, tho
nccdlo will como within tho rnngo ol
tho solid iron at tho other end of tho
Haw, and will again bo dcllcctod for
ward. II tho bar bo cut through any-
wliero between the30 two points ol do-
lloctlon, nflaw will invariably be found.
Many thousands of pieces of iron somo
prepared for tho purposo of testing this
method of trial, others in tho ordinary
courso of business havo boon operated
upon with tho samo unvarying result.
A striking instanco of ingenuity in
taking advantago of tho rosourccs o
naturo in nn emergency, is found in Sir
Samuel Baker's nocount of his travels
in Abyssinia. His stock of soap had be
come exhausted: and lie possessed
abundance of various kinds ol fat, in
cluding that of elephants, hippopotami,
Hons, and rhinoceros; ho determined to
convert a quantity of this grcaso Into
soap. For this purposo ho required
bath potash and lime; and how woro
these to bo obtained? Tho neglock troo,
ho louml, was oxcoptlonally rich In
potash; ho thcrofuro burned a largo
quantity, and mado a strong lyo with
tho ashes, which ho conqentratcd by
boiling. Thcro was no limestone, but
tho river produced a plentiful supply of
oyster shells, which, if burned, produco
excellent lime. What was next wanted
was a kiln in which to burn tho shells
and this ho constructed out of ono ol
thoso great ant hills, which rlso to ten
feet high, common to thoso valloya, and
which possess a very hard external
crust. Two natives hollowed out ono
of thoso hills; a proper draught holo
was mado below from tho outside; It
was loaded with wood, and fillod with
somo six bushols of oyster shells, which
wero again covorod with fuel; and after
burning twenty-four hours a supply of
excellent llmo was obtained. Then
commenced his soap boiling, which was
effected in a largo coppor pot of
Egyptian manufacture Tho ingredi
ents oi potash, limo and fat woro then
carefully mlxod; and aftor boiling ten
hours, and having boon constantly
stirred, ho obtained oxcollont soap, of
wh'ch ho had In nil about forty pounds
From All tho Tear Round.
My letters I written In my earnest boyhood
To ono who le'ft us but tho other day,
And I am sitting here, and try to read them
Through tears I do not euro to brush away.
Tears for my friend, and tears, ah 1 much more
For him, myself the self that Is as dead
As ho to whom these faded things wero writ
ten, E'er youth and trust had from my living
It was myself, remember that, who wroto
Read tbcra onco more, and nolo tho noble
The vast endeavor and the desperate struggle
To rise abovo the grovellers In tho strife;
The si:.l ice of lelf for good of others;
The passions at the sufferings of tho poor;
Tho angry light 'gainst pride, and sin, and
The looking onward when tho prize was
Ours, too, the hands to case the overladen,
Ours tho strong voices whoeo sweet words
of truth
Bhould e'er compel a hearing from the
Who now but eccfL'd at our Impetuous
Tho world, awakened, soon would grow much
Sin and sorrow, dying In the dust
Would vanish from tho earth before tho sun
Flashed from our swords, whoso blades
should never rust.
Yet ho Is dead, and I am old and tired,
1 do not care It all the world be sin;
I listen dally to my sons' loud vaunttngs
O! that bright future they are sure to win.
Ah 1 burn the letters. As they fall to ashes
Mcthtnks they're like our fading mortal
Worls upon words, and little of fulfilment
Of all was uromtsel by our youth' bright
when the smoko Is broathed, ns in a
room; loss in tho. open ntr. A frog
nlacod in a rccolvor containing a solu
tion of nicotine, with about a drop bf
that substanco to a littlo water, suc
cumbs in a fow hours. Tobacco smoko
contains about 8 millilitrcs of carbonlo
oxldo per 100 grammes of tobacco
burned. Tho poisonom properties of
tobacco smoko aro not duo to this ga,
as has bocn maintained in Germany.
Will llic lttcctrlc l.lgtitTaH.
New rork Wr!d.
Thcro being such a diversity of opin
ion on this important hubject among
thoso directly interested, somo export
testimony was sought. Dr. Goorgo M.
Beard said: I studied tho olectrio light
with Mr. Edison for a long lime, but I
confess this is a problem that never had
suggested itself to mo. Yet, I should
think thn clectrlo light ought to tan. 1
should not, howovor, say that as subdi
vided by Edison It would tan to tho
samo extent as tho Hght3of tho power
ful single burners llko thoso on Broad
way and in tho stores. But tho differ
enco would bo ono of degroo, nnd not ol
kind. All forms ot light might tan to a
cortaln extent it' tho faco Is kept a long
timo exposed to them. I sco no way of
settling tho question of degrco except
by comparatlvo experiments, and such
experiments aro now going on In ovcry
largo city in tho country. A slight
amount oi tanning would bo moro than
compensated for by tho groator hoalth-
fulncss ot tho light In other respects.
What Is tho philosophy of tannlngP It
is a chemical action, nnd wo don't know
much about chemistry. Hoat bakes n
than Japan, but Japan assurodly has
somo. Whatcovors tho English protonso
of nntratumoled commorolal intorcourso
with overwhelming mockery, in tholr
oyes, is tho ciroumstanco that Great
Brtain imposes a tax of largor amount
upon its imports from Japan than tho
entlro customs rovonuo ol Japan from
ovory source Moro than this, tho
incomo to tho British treasury proceed
ing from duty upon a single Japancso
product is groator than nil tho customs
recolpts of Japan put togothor. The
knowledge of this is sufficient to out
weigh all tho financial theories that tho
English legatton can bring forward.
But tho English logatlon has a "might"
behind It, against which Japan's assor
tlon of indisputable "right" can nover
nr k. 11. house.
Msjr At'anltc.
Tho opening of Japan, ns ovory ono
Is nwaro, was effectod by tho 'United
States of Amoi lea. Prcolsely what this
country Intended to accomplish by thot
imposing deed it would bo difficult to
say. What It did accomplish was to
open a clear way for tho realization of
ono of Great Britain's most ardont
hopes. Our commercial needs havo
novor been pressing, but tho extension
of English trado bogan to bo, a quarter
ot a century ago, a matter oroxtromost
importanco to tho merchants and manu
facturers of that kingdom. Everything
that could bodonotj facilitate Lord
Elofln'n nlnnu tvna ,1nn t,n
loafofbroad, and might bo said to tan suZ
it. Exposuroto tho sun's rays Increases . A . . t -
- . w . ivwu tivutjr, IU3UUUWJU HIIH
iron having scrows and nut3 on each
end woro lot through tho opposlto walls
and across tho Intervening spaco be
tween them. Tho nuts and sorowed
portion of tho bars wero outside. Tho
bars woro now heated by a numbor of
lamps suspondod bolow them until thoy
had oxpandod as much as possible, and
tho nuts screwed up against tho out
sides of tho two opposlto walls. Tho
lamps woro noxt removed, whon tho
heated bars, In cooling, gradually con
traoted in tholr longtb, bringing tho
Origin of nu Old Adage.
Notes and Queries.
Tho proverbial saying "tho gray maro
is tho better horse," instead of being
Flemish, is more likely of British origin,
and may havo tazen its riso from tho
following circumstancor: Agontloman
having married a lady of considerable
beauty and fortuno, but whoso doml
ncoring tompcr and disregard of mari
tal authority on all occasions mado his
homo wretched, ontroated her father to
take back his daughter, and herdowory
Into tho bargain. "Pooh, pooh," said
tho old gentleman, "you Iif.ow not tho
world. All women govern their hus
bands, and It is easily proved. Harness
tho tivo horses in my stablo to a cart, in
which I will placo a baskot containg 100
eggs; leavo a horso at every houso
where tho husband is master, and nn
ogg only whero tho wlfo governs. If
you should find your eggs gono beforo
tho horses, you will think your caso not
so uncommon; but if your horsos nro
disposed of first I will tako my daugh
ter homo again and you may hoop Lor
fortuno." At tho first houso tho son-
in-law camo to beard tho wlfo, in a shrill
and angry voice, bid hor husband an
swer tho door; hero ho loft nn ogg with
out Inquiry. lie visited a socond and
third houso with the samo result. The
eggs woro noarly all gono when ho ar-
arrivod at tho scat of a gentleman of
position in tho country. Having asked
lor the master, who hoppened not to-bo
yot stirring, ho was ushered Into tho
presonco of tho lady. Humbly apolo
gizing for tho intrusion, ho put tho ques
tion of obodienco; and on tho lidy re
plying she was proud to obey nor Hus
band in all things, tho husband onlerod
tho room and confirmed tho wife's
words, unon which ho was rcquosted to
ohooso which horse ho liked. A black
gelding struck his fanoy, but tho lady
desired ho would ohooso tho gray raaro,
as moro lit lor a suio sauuio. jNotwun
standlng tho substantial reasons why
tho biaoK norso wouw do moro uaoiui,
tho wlto porsisted in hor claim for tho
gray maro. "What!" said sho. "and
you will not tako hor, then?" "But you
snail, lor 1 am sure uio gray maro is
niuoh tho bottor horso." "Well, woll,
my doar," ropllcd tho husband, "Just
as you pioaso, 11 11 must uano. "wu,
quoth tho gcntloraan oar tor, "you must
now tako an egg, and I- must take all
my horsos baok again, and endeavor to
llvo nappuy witu my who."
AChlcaeo odltor advortlsos for a
wlfo who knows loss than bo does. And
If a woman Is fool enough to answer
tho advertisement sho will bo very euro
to bo tho ono ho is looklug for.
Tho dootor's daughtor; "I deolaro
you'ro a dreadful fanatic, Mrs. Crlzzom.
I do bollovo you think nobody will bo
savod but you and your mlnlstorl"
Old lady: "Awoel, my doar, I whiles
hao my doubts about tho moonlstor."
Purlly or Water.
Prof. Tidy, In a paper read boforo tho
London Chemical Society, rostatcs, hi
reply to Dr. Frankland, his firm con
viction that a fairly rapid river, having
received sowago In quantity not cxeood
Ing ono-twcntloth of its volume, regains
its purity aftor n run of a fow mlle3 and
becomes wholcsomo andgood for drink
ing. IriiNlc Add.
Prussic acid remains for a considera
ble timo in tho bodies of animals poi
soned with It, and nrrest their decay.
M. Bramo killed a rabbit and a cat by
administering to each a grainmo of
this ncld. A mouth afterward their bod
ies were fourd perfectly preserved, the
doso being sufficient to pormoato tho
tissues, and to become intlmatoly in
corporated with thoso of tho stomach.
Iron Mulpliidc.
Rusty-colored spots woro noticed on
somo hammock canvas used by tho
French army in Algorin. Dr. Trlplor
roported that when tho canvas was
washed dark spots appeared, and tho
material soon fell to pieces. M. Ballnnd
mado this matter tho subject of a paper
road on Fob. 28th bororo tho French
Academy of SMcncos, and said that tho
spots woro probably duo to Iron sul
phido, produced Ly alkallno sulphides
in tho artificial soda, and by Iron oxldo
fixed by tho stuff in manufacture. Tho
sulphide passod into tho stato of sulphato
undor atmospheric influoncos by a com
bustlon whloh causod a destruction of
tho canvas.
Electric Light.
Mr. J. W. Swan, in a paper on tho
subdivision of tho olectrio light, does
not hopo for any oxtonslvo and econ
omical subdivision ot tho light by lamps
in which thoro is combustion. Tho truo
incandescent lamps prevent tho com
bustion of the carbon in ono of two
ways cither by tho entire exhaustion
of tho air from tho ohambor in whloh
tho hoated carbon is placed, or by tho
filling of the chamber with an inort gas
such as nitrogen. Both thoso oxpcdl
onts woro tried by tho early lnvontors,
and both havo still tholr advooatos
Tho early experimenters failod to ao
comnlish what they sought from throo
causes, any ono of which was sufficient
to bar tho way. First, tho carbons em
ployed wero so thick as to requiro a
largo current to produco tho required
tomporaturo in them; second, tho car
bons wero not durable, and third, tho
lamp-glass speedily becamo obscured,
Ho showod that It was tho invention of
tho Sprcngel pump, nnd tho uso Mr,
Crookos showod could be mado of It
that has caused modern electricians to
be so successful as they aro in obtaining
olectrio light by incandoscenco.
Product oi Tolmcco.
Dr. Lo Bon continues his resoarohes
regarding tho products ot tobacco. Tho
new alkali found in tobacco smoko
(with other aromatic principles, and
prusslo acid us woll as nlcotlno) Is
liquid of very agreoablo and very pono
tratlng odor, and ai poisonous as nloo.
tlno, tho twontioth part of ono dro
sufllolng to paralyze and kill a frog.
Is tho prussso nold and tho various aro
matloprlnolplcs that causo hoadaoho
giddiness, ana nausea, m smoking c
tain tobaccos that contain littlo nlcotl
Other tobaccos, rioh in nlootlne, h
no suoh effects. Tho tobaccos cont
mostpruselo acid and collidino aro th
of Havana and tho Levant. Tho da
somi-llquld matter whloh condonscs in
pipes and cigar-holders contains all tho
substancos mentioned, as well as car
bonato of ammonia, tarry and.colorlng
matter, oto. It Is vory poisonous. Two
or throo drops of it will kill a small
animal. Tho combustion of tho tobacco
destroys but a small part of tho nloo
tlno, and tho most of this appoa-s in
tho smoko, Tho proportion absorbed
by smokers varies according to olroum
stanoes, but hardly over falls short of
60 contigrammos for overy 100 grammes
of tobacco burned, About tho samo
quantity of ammonia is absorbod at tho
samo time, Naturally, more of tho
nolsonous principles aro absorbod
and deranges tho pigmentary doposlt ol
tho skin. Thcro is a groat dlflVrcnco in
skins, buu all human skins are incom
parably moro sonsltlvo to tho chemical
rays from a light than carpots or tnc
most delicate fabrics, and becauso tho
olectrio light tans it would not bo fair
to conoludo that It would fade cloth3. 1
do not think that nt all probable."
Dr. Goorgo H. Fox said: I havo heard
idles complain that tho olectrio light
ouldtan thorn and injuro their com
plexions, but moro'complain ol its clear
whito light exposing imperfections that
tho dim gas-light concoals. As photo
graphs can bo taken by tho uso of the
olectrio light, I sco no reason why it
should not tan. I should judge that it
would. Just oxactly what chango takes
placo In tho process of tanning is not
definitely known. If a person sits long
enough in front ot a firo ho may bo tan
nod or wind may tan a porson."
Tho English in Japan.
dy e. n. HOUSE.
May Atlantic.
The plainost ovidonoo mdioatcs a set
tled purposo to impoverish tho country,
rondor It incapablo of maintaining its
own industries, mako it depondont upon
England for supplies, and so hamper
tho public finances as to compel, If pos
sible, tho negotiation of British loan3
which, again, shall bo used as now in
struments of oppression, until, whllo
preserving tho outward aspoct of auton
omy, It shall bo virtually dogradod Into
tho condition of India. It Is startling
to discover, as may bo dono by minuto
scrutiny, to what extent this precious
design has already boon wrought out.
Nothing but tho fact that beneath tho
easy and docllo boaring of tho populaco
thero oxlsts a spirit predominantly
among tho cultivated classes of sturdy
solf-rospoct and intenso prldo of raco
saves the outlook lrom dosporatlon.
There is not upon the earth a moro pas-
slonatoly patriotic community than the
samurai, or gentry of Japan. Pride,
howovor, Is anything but a protection
against humiliation, and patriotism does
not afford a rofugo lrom grinding want,
Manv of tho people aro bitterly and
miserably poor, a thing almost un
known beforo tho advent of strangors,
and tho deprivations of povorty are
on iho Incroaso. Ono of tho numorous
baloful results of forolgn machinations
is a heavy depreciation of tho domestic
curronoy, brought about, presumably,
with tho viow of weakening tho national
credit; tho Immedlato effect of which is
to destroy tho government's power of
succoring tho distressed by dlroot boun
ty, or building up Bafoguards against
pauperism by promoting induKtnal en
torlscs. All It eau do Is to sustain its
ihigh character for Integrity, by moot
ing ovory engagement with Honorable
promptness; nnd this It will do lo its
last hour. Meanwhile, it looks among
tX)so who havo brought thoso sorrows
upou tho country for somo token of
pathy or consolation, and seos no
ign. it it turn to ungianu's agents,
foobly hoping against hopo defeated a
hundred times, tho most it gets is a
cbeertul discourse upon tho blessings of
"i'reo trado," which tho great Island
kingdom of tho West would fain Implant
intftho littlo island ompiro ot tho Last.
So long as Japan Is tondlng toward that
blissful consummation, an absolutely
uurostrleted commerce, it is impossible
its polltloal machinery can work
urwlso than happily nnd woll. Tho
rln of a mass of cotton producers, the
suU'erlng of millions concorned In the
manufacture and sale of that ctaplo, tho
paralysis ot a dozon, or a hundrod, do
mestic industries, and tho slow starva
tion ot tho holploss victims to afion
creed, thoso aro triflos to which tho
promotors of a lofty economlo prlnolplo
can glvo no hoed. But what havo tho
Japancso to say upon this hoadf To
thorn tho ldoa of ono nation, whoso an
nual oustoms rovonuo is a hundred mill
ions, prating. about porfoot froedom of
trado to another, whloh collects only two
In tho methods of transacting business
In tho unfamiliar gold, and lent him a
Dutch interpreter, without whoso aid
ho could not havo communicated an
intclliglblo ldoa. All this was in accord
ance with tho domands of high courtesy,
nnd In duo timo Mr. Harris received an
inostlmablo token of recognition in tho
shnpo of a royal snuff-box; but if ho hnd
foreseen what was tb follow In nfter
yoars, ho novor would havo moved a
hand In aid of British iugross to Japan.
Tho discrepancy in customs duty abovo
mentioned was tho first manifestation
of a determined resolve to break down
ovory ob3taclo to tho untaxed admission
of English goods, no matter at what
cost or Injury to tho freshly oponod na
tion. It is hero necessary to Jcscrlbo with
precision tho unfortunato mlstako in
Mr. Harris's convention of 1858, that
mlstako whloh, Insplto of his good In
tentions throughout, has bcon to Japan
"tho direful spring of woes unnum
bered." As ho has frequently declared,
ho novor intended nor expected that
tho treaty should represent anything
but a tomporary arrangoment. It was
intendod to cover tho term of fourteen
years in its political provisions, and
five years in its tariff stipulations. It
did, indood, provldo for a readjustment
of tho customs duties in 18C3, in caso
tho Japancso govornmont should deslro
it. But tho dato of a general revision
was fixed at 1872. This revision was
to tako placo upon tho demand ol cither
of tho contracting parties. Contrary
to tho common rulo, no limit was as
signed to tho oporatlon of tho treuty.
It was, in fact, interminable, unloss a
rovlsion could bo agrocd upon in 1872
or later. If its torms had beon mutually
bonefioial, or tho reverse, thoro would
probably havo been no objection to a
partial or a thorough reconstruction,
as tho caso might bo. It is easy to
understand, however, that if it wero
strongly to tho disadvantage of ono
sldo tho othor would havo a powerful In
terest in opposing any ohango. And so
It has been. Tho working of tho treaty
has proved flagrantly injurious to Japan,
and proportionately favorable to tho
forolgn powers, exceptionally favor
ablo to England, that country having
tho most extensive trado connection.
Under theso circumstances, the En
glish roprnsontatlvo has always mot
tho appeals of tho Japaucso for revision
with evasion, or with counter-proposals
so monstrous as to destroy all hops of
a just negotiation. Tho weaker party
has had no choico but to submit to the
prolonged infliction of a cruel burden;
Ihe only alternative unless somo na
tion be led, in tho namo of international
honor, to speak a rosculng word on hor
behalf bolng a downright renuncia
tion of tho opprosslvo enactment, which
might entail tho porils ot an unequal
A Costly Ironclad.
London Tiuth.
Tho Inflexible is n costly ship. Hor
hull cost noarly 500,000, and hor en
gines and machinery almost another
100,000; but ovon tho ostlmatus will
not show what tho total oxpondituro,
dlreot and indirect, will have boon upon
her beforo sho Is ready lor hor trial
commission, and "authorities" who
usually swear by Admiralty doulations
aro admitting that tho outlalboforo her
completion mato from thWy to forty
per cent, inoro fsanwul bmIglnally
expooted. Tho cost of hor hydinullo
machinery and appliances Is a littlo eyo
openor. They havo beon supplied by
Messrs. Armstrong & Co., of tho Els.
wick Foundry, whoso bill Is now boforo
tholr lordships. It only amounts to
thoPmoro than 10,000, half of which
is for "mounting tho four olghty-ton
guns," whloh means furnishing tho hy
draulio fittings for thorn.
Carrlod off tho palm Tho shot that
deprived a soldier of a hand.
It was a woalthy Philadolnhlan who.
millions, and has no intontlon of oolloot- bolng asked, on his return from Europo,
Ing moro than eight or ten, Is tho ex how ho llkod tho Bosphorus, ropllod
tromlty ot lmpudonco and absurdity, that ho didn't oat any and preforred tho
England undoubtedly has groator needs ordinary home-mado sausages.

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