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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, June 03, 1881, Image 6

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One step unit and then Another,
Anil tho longest walk Is ended;
One stitch and then another,
And tho longest rent Is mended.
One brtck upon another,
And tho highest wall la made ; ,
One Bake upon another,
And the deepest anow la laid.
So the little choral workers,
By their slow and constant motion,
Have built those pretty IbUlJs
In the distant dark blue ocean;
And the noblest undertakings
Man's wisdom hath conceived,
By oft-repeated effort
lias been patiently achieved.
Then do not look disheartened
On the work you have to do,
And say that such a mighty task,
You never can get through ;
But Jast endeavor, day by day,
Another point to gain,
And soon the mountalu which you feared
Will prove to be a plain.
'Home was not bullded In a day,"
The ancient pr-vcrb teaches,
And nature, by her trees and flowers,
The asm? awectsermon preaches.
Think not of far-off duties,
But of duties which ara near,
And having once begun to work,
Resolve to persevere.
"I really don't sco, Ktito. how you
can reconcllo It to your consolcnco to
put up with all his actions and whlm9,"
said old Miss Thorno, with a troubled
cloud on her usually rosy and soreno
"But, AuutPcnclo; o, ho loves mo."
"Ho has a queer way of showing his
love, thou, that's all I havo to sayl"
"And wo aro to ho mnrrlod next
week," added Kato Thorno, her cheeks
Hushing as sho spoke.
"Thou I hopo ranrriago will work tho
rnlrnclo of a chango in hlni," said 4unt
Penolopo, tartly. "For to speak tho
honest truth, unless ho doos altor his
way I don't seo much ohanco of solid
happiness for you my child."
And Aunt Penolopo added to tho gen
eral uncomfortahlencss ol matlors by
shaking her wlso old head, and "only
-wishing Kato had had tho good sonso to
chooso Llonol instead of that other fol
"Ho isn't so handsomo and fancied
perhaps," added Aunt Penolopo, "but
as all know, that beauty is only skin
dcop, and I do boliovo that if any man
made a good husband, Lionel Wilson
will! lleieho! 1 bono lato has cot a
nico wife in storo for him somewhere"
"You had bettor marry him your
self, Aunt Pont" said Kato, mischiev
"Marry my grandson!" quoth Aunt
Penelope. "I'vo lived fifty years with
out a huband, and I guess I can mko
out a few more of 'em. But I can't
help fooling sorry for Lionel all tho
same "
"Well, Aunt Penelope, you know
that I liko him oh, over so much!"
"Ahl" said Aunt Penelope, "but that
' is oxactly what ho don't want."
And Kite to avoid tho coming dls
cussion, stole up to hor own room
where tho wedding wreath and veil
wcro already ellcltlug tho admiring
comments of tho two dimpled young
brldo-malds, Kato's youngest sisters
Harold Uronfoll was not in tho hap
piest of humors that night, when ho
camo as usual to spend tho evening
with his brlde-olcct. Ho criticised
Kate's dress hor hair tho very
twinkling ornaments sho woro in her
"And of course you aro tho best
.judge of your own affairs, Katharine,"
ihe added. Kato especially disliked tho
statoly "full narao" to which sho was
by baptism entitled. "But 1 don't think
it exactly tho correct thing lor you to
bo walking out with Llouol Wilson tho
very week Leforo your woddlng."
"Dear mo, Harold 1" cried Kate,
making doubled arohos of her prettily
pencilled brows. "I had to go out to
get two moro yards of whlto quilled
ribbon for my sleeves, and as Llonol
chanced to bo walking in tho samo di
rection, i couldn't very well go on tho
othor side."
"A bride-elect has no business with
tho attentions of any mau excopt him
who Is to bo her husband."
"Doar Harold, would you transform
tho future husband into a tyrannical
JallorP Would you wish to show that
you havo noither confidence nor trust
in tho womau you have chosen for your
"I am much obliged to you," said
Harold, bitterly, whllo a disgraceful
curvo came to his Hps. "Perhaps plain
speaking is host under all circum
stances, but it is not agreeablo to hear
that I am considered a tyrannical jail
or" "Now, Harold," coaxed Kato, com
ing oloso to him, and putting her littlo
plump hand on his shouldor," bo good
humored oilro again and put away all
theso dlsagreoablo suspicions lor "
"Thanks, once moro. Perhaps I had
better tako'my loavo, since, in addition
to tyranny, havo b'icomo disagrooa
blo." H rose, Mitt! Kato for onrso, fairly
driven beyond thu bounds of patienco,
dl'l not oppoMO his departure
She bad let Harold depart without a
word to restrain him.
Mr. urenfeu's own meditations, as
ho walked homeward, wero not of the
most exhllerating description. He
liked to torment Kato, it was a sort of
earnest of tbo power he hold over hor,
tin his opinion, but yet ho wanted to
;see the arrow rankle. Anything like
calm indifference on her part dofoatod
all his intentions. And yet, impossible
as it may seem to thoso of pleasanter
and more sereao temperament, Harold
Gronfell loved Kate Thorne dearly and
"But I'll find means to bring down
her prldo and toach hor a lesson yet,"
ho thought, vindictively. "Sho shall
not defy mo In that cool off-hand sort
of a manner without repenting it."
And when throo days afterward, ho
called to tako Kato out for a drive, ho
was greatly incensed by seeing Lionel
Wilson in tho drawing room helping
Dora, his youngest sister-in-law that
was to bo, wind wonted, whllo Kato
sat by, evidently ODjoylng their conver
sation. Ho frozo into haughty rigidity at
once, but Kato, provoklngly good
humored, took no notlco of his cool
ness. Well, tho day of tho woddlng camo
and Kuto Thorno, liko nil othor brides,
looked bowltchingly protty in hor whlto
tlrass and veil, with just enough color
to mako hor cheeks lino blush roses.
It was to bo a h6mo wedding, and tho
guosUt alroudy thronged tho parlors of
Aunt Penolopo s spacious, old-fashioned
"Kitot Kitel It's fivo minutes to
twelve!" whispered Aunt Pen, putting
her head into tho boudoir whero brido
nnd brldomalds, liko roso and rosebuds
on a stem, awaited tho stroko of tho
eventful hour, which in this special caso
happened to bo twelve o'clock Hasn't
ho cotuo yet?"
By way of answer to tho old lady's
rather nervously put question, a servant
entered at that instant with u note.
"For Miss Kato," sho said.
And Kate toro it open with Unshod
cheeks, as sho recognized tho handwrit
ing oi Harold Uronfoll on tho super
"My doar Kato," It read briefly,
"slnco you havo studied my wishes so
littlo during tho past weok, you can
scarcely expect mo to make a spcclul
point of your convenlonco. I havo busl
ncBs that renders it dcslrablo for mo to
loavo town this morning to bo absent
two or three days. I am sorry to dc
foat your arrangements, but porhaps
the salutary lesson may not bo thrown
away, and I havo long thought that you
needed tlmo for a littlo reflection beforo
ontering on tbo solemn ties ot mar
riage Youis, vory truly,
Llonol Wilson, leaning against tho
carved marble standards of tho chim
ney place, watched tho varying color
on Kate's cheeks us sho perused tho
"What 13 it, KatoP" ho asked, earn
Sho handed him tho noto with a littlo
"Your sorviccs will scarcely bo ro
quired, as groomsman to-day," sho said
"Read that."
Ho read it, tho scivrlot dyo ol anger
mounting his chock.
'Kato," ho said, "you will not mar
ry this man now?"
"Never!" sho muttorod In a convul
slvo tono.
"Doar Kate, tho guests havo all ar
rived, tho ministor is horo. I havo tho
ring in my.pockot. Bo married to-day,
Kato, and lot mo bo tho brldogroom. I
havo lovod.you long and moro tenderly
by half a score of years than this super
cilious fop. Show htm, Kate, that this
environed arrow falls short of tho
Sho looked with oyos half glad, half
sorrowful Into his faoo.
"1 can trust you, Llonol," sho mur
"Then you will booomo my wifoP"
"At onco."
So Kato Thorno and Lionel Wilson
woro married, and tho assembled wit
nesses laughingly congratulated Kate
upon tho profound secret she had con
trived to keep of her real intentions.
Two days afterward Mr. Grenfoll
called at the Thorno mansion.
"I have just returned to town," le
said in a bustling and arrogant sort ot
a way, "and of course 1 camo hero at
once. Whero Is KateP"
"Tho bride and groom haven't re
turned to town yet," said Aunt Peno
ople, calmly adjusting hor spictacles.
"What bride? ojaoulatod Harold.
"What groomP" ho echoed.
"Why, Llonol and Kato, ot course
They wero married tho day beforo yes-
"Married?" echoed Harold, in blank
horror ano dismay.
"Exactly so," said Aunt Penolopo,
secretly exulting in his discomfiture.
"Thero wero no cards, tho affair being
rather sudden, but you will get a pleoo
of woddlng oako, tlod with white rib
bon, in duoscasou, 1 don't doubt."
And she complacontly shut tho door
in his taco, leaving him to tho reluctant
conviction that ho had lost his trousure,
and all through his own blind self-con
colt and arrogance
Tho Manny Home.
Southern Churchman.
I know a room whoro sunshino lingers,
and thero is a breath of summer nnd
mignonette in tho air when I think of
It. There a tired man comes homo and
throws off overcoat and bat without
looking to see what becomes of them.
Thero is a broad table in the light,
strewn with papers and magazines,
woman's work, with a litter of roso
leaves dropping over them from a cen
tral vase Thero is a wide sofa of the
days ot the Georges, fresh covered in
ohlntz.with forns and halrbolls for pat
terns, and a tired man goes down there
with a great ruffled pillow nnder his
shoulders, opens parcels and letters
dropping them on tho floor as tho most
nutural plaoe for thorn. A girl has
been painting, and her water colors and
papers lay on a side table, just as sho
left them to run for an Impromptu rido
I havo never been able to dlsoovor any
disarrangement of tho household econ
omy by this flight. Somebody left
shawl on a ohalr. Thero will bo noth
ing said about it at broakfast next
morning. Thero aro no laws against
playing with curtain tassols, no regula
tions as to how often tho snowy curtains
may bo put up or lolt down. Thoy do
not last tho season out, crisp and speck-
loss, ns tho neighbors do ncross the
way, but tho only consequenco is thoy
aro oftoner now and clean. Thero is
nothing very fine about tho houso, but
things look brighter and aro renowed
oftoner than in other houses. The
chairs havo no particular places, and
anybody 1 cols at liberty to draw out
tho sofa when it pleases him. Thero Is I
no primness about tho plaoe Ii thoro
13 grass on tho lawj, It is moant to be
walked on, ana mo geraniums aro
fondled nnd petted and caressed as if
they wero children. Do you know thoro
is a magnetism in green loaves and
growing flowers derived from tho earth's
heart, that makes it good to handlo and
fool thorn P This houso is known as tho
placo whero ono daros to broakfast.
Thoro Is no coremony of waiting.
Coffee and cakes aro put whoro thoy
will Keep hot; tho tablo is cleared to
suit tho houso-kooper's convenience,
and a small ono for btho lato comer.
Nobody lies nwako at night till tho
light ceases to shlno under your chamber
door, if you want to sit up and rend a
volume through. There is an unwritten
law of convenienco for tho household
which regulates hotter than any codo
Napoleonic. And tho benefits of allow
ing people to bo a law unto themselves is
that thoy aro as much bettor natured
about it when they do oboy. Thero is
indulgenco and roposo m this lovely
homo, and a great deal of tlmo for
things which most people cut short-
tin hour's play With tho children, "a
right down good chat with your neigh
bor, a day of letter-writing onco a fort
night. Disorder docs not imply dust
or soil of any kind. It docs not includo
shabblness or moan chaos. It means
"leave to bo" in most cases, thinking
of pcoplo moro than things. Ordor is
simply harmony of a few notes. Dis
order is tho floworlne, branching mel
ody ot ono themo and that thome in
New Mexico.
Denver Trltune.
There is a groat ioal of inquiry about
New Mexico now, and somo infor
mation concerning it will propably bo
ot intorcst to a great many ot our
Thoso who go thoro with tho expect
atlon of picking up extraordinary bon
anzas will bo sorely disappointed. The
nativo silver and puro gold mines of
New Mexico belong to tradition. No
ono has found them, and it is not prob
able that any ono will find them. So
far as practical evidonco goes they do
not exist. Thoro is mineral thero and,
In somo parts ol tho Territory, notably
in Grant county, thero is a considerable
quantity of it. Thero is good mineral
near'i'oas, somo in tho Black Range,
somo near Albuqucrquo, somo not very
farlrom Las Vegas, and thero aro rea
sonable prospects In tho Cerillos. All
theso sections, except Grant county,
aro on trial. Not enough dovolopment
has been dono to provo their value,
Good coal is found in many portions o
Now Mexico, and tho coppor mines
are very rich. Indeed, it is tho bollol
of practical mining men, whoso know
ledgo ontitles them to an opinion, that
coppor will yet provo to bo the richest
mining resouroo of the territory.
As an agricultural section, Now
Mexico will provo a decided success
whonitgetsa moro vigorous, enlight
ened class of farmers. The first thing
to bo dono, however, is to abolish that
petty autocrat, tho mnjor domo. His
powors aro entirely too great, and he
will, in most cases, discriminate
against American citizens for somo time
to como. In tho southern part of the
Territory thoro will bo a very profitable
wine growing business grow up. Tho
experience in grapo-growing has been
exceedingly gratllying, nnd wo doubt
not that, in tlmo, tho wino interest ot
New Mexico will bo greater than that
of California. It has tho means ol pass
ing tho Stato coast if it will use them
In the growing of cattlo and sheep, Now
Mexico will always havo advantages
greater than thoso enjoyed in Colorado.
As a placo for mercantile invest
ments tho Torrltory offers many induce
ments. It will, this year, increaso its
Amorican population vory largely, and
tho demand tor goods of all kinds, and
particularly thoso used in outfitting,
win no very largo. Any sharp man
with a knowledge of frontier public and
no " frills" will bo able to mako his wuy
and do it, pleasantly and with profit,
Tho points best suited tor now vontures
ought to bo determined by a persons!
visit to tho Territory. All of tho lar-
ger towns, however, offer largo trado
advantages. For real estate specu
lation Las Yogas, Santa Fe, Albuqucr
quo or Silver City should bo chosen
To conolude, Now Mexloo is a placo
in which money can bo made by any
man who is praotioal and sensible, and
who has a little capital. Mechanics
ought to be able, in a short time, to get
work in many parts of the Territory,
and as much of it as thoy want. In the
railroad towns work oan oasily be pro
cured now. Prospootors who go thero
will havo to tako tho usual chances with
lets probability of success than in Col
erado. Thoro Is muoh now country to
go over, though, and tho discoveries
vet to no mode may change this con
clusion to some extont.
Truthfully answered. "What must
I do," asked a moan, oonooited man ot
a frlond who know him well, "to got
a ploturo of the ono I lovo mostP"
"Sit for your own ploturo," was tho
"My work la finished; I am strong
In faith and hope and charity;
For I have written the things I tee,
The things that have been and shall be.
Conscious of right, nor fearing wrong:
Because I am In love with Love,
And the sole thing I hate Is Hate;
For Uate Is death; and Love la life,
A peace, a splendor from abate;
And Ilate a never ending atrlfe,
A smoke, a blacknesa from the abyss
Where unclean serpent coll and hiss I
Love la the Holy Ghost within;
Hate the unpardonable sin I
Who preaches otherwise than this
Botraya hla master with anus."
Atlantic Monthlr.
They parted with clasp r hand,
And kisses, and burning tears;
They met In a foreign land,
After eomo twenty years.
Met, as acquaintances meet,
Smilingly, tranquil eyed
Not even the least little beat
Of tho heart upon cither side t
They chatted of this and that,
Tho nothings that makeup llfo;
She In a Oalnsborough hat,
And he in black for hla wife.
Ah, what a comedy thla la I
Neither was hurt It appears;
8h had forgotten hla hisses,
And he had forgotten her tears.
HpontnneoiiH Combustion ol Ac
Thoro is a paper by Herr Hoodicko,
on tho spontaneous combustion ot an
thraclto. in Dmn.tr Journal. After
calling attention to tho fact disclosed
by Professor Rtchtors, that Iron pyrites
will ignlto In a stream of puro oxygon
nt a tomporaturo ot 200 degrees, Herr
Hoodloko shows that under atmos
phorlo action tho pyrites in tho coal
produce sulphuric acid, which brings
up tho tomporaturo beyond 200 degrees,
and thus causes spontaneous combus
tion. Electrical UlnctilncH.
Tho porfontlon of electrical machtno
construction would appear to havo bcon
attained recently, in tho production ot
a Holtz instrument which, according to
tho description, has revolving plates of
forty-fivo inches diameter, and other
parts in proportion. By means of a
continuous charging apparatus attach
ed to tho machlno, tho inductors may
bo readily charged without rccourso to
the catskin and rubber plate Tho ma
chine, togothorwlth tho charging ap
paratus, is mounted on a massive ma
hogany apparatus used in experiments,
By an ingenious arrangement of mech
anism, tho crank which rotates tho largo
plates is mado to turn tho charging
apparatus; tho machlno iscapablo ot
yloldlng a twenty -iix-inch spark, tho
accompanying report being quite start
ling, in contrast to this superb ma
chlno, mention is mado of ono having a
fivo-inch revolving plato, and yiolding
a ono-inch spark.
. lyc.
A beautlfuVgolden-yollow dyo is now
prepared from tho young wood of vari
ous poplars. Tho young branches and
shoots are cut off, crushed and brayed,
then boiled in alum water, in the pro
portions of ten pounds of wood und ono
pound of powdered alum to threo gal
Ions of water. Tho liquor is . boiled
from twenty minutes to half an hour,
and then filtered. In cooling, it thick
ous and clears, throwing down & green
ish yellow deposit of resinous mattor.
When sufficiently clear, tho liquid is
Hgaln filtered, and then left exposed to
tho air lor threo or four days more.accord
Ing'to the weather and atmosphere It
quickly exidlzos under tho action of tho
light and air, and assumes a rich golden
tint, and in this ststo can be used for
dyoing fabrics of all descriptions. For
yellow and orange-yellow shades, it is
used alono; mixed with Prussinn blue,
it gives green; with oak bark, brown
anil tan; with cochineal, etc., orange
and scarlet shades. Tho coloring thus
produced is said to bo of suporior
Hnioke not Cheap ClgHrs.-Home
ol' tho PolMonoiiH IntrrecHeutH
Found in Them by Client-
To tho world in general a cigar is
merely a tightly-rolled packet having
brittle fragments ol dry leaves within,
and a smooth, silky leaf for its outer
wraDoor. When it is burnt, and tho
pleasantly-flavored smoke is inhaled,
tho habitual smoker claims tor it a
soothing luxury that qulots tho irritable
norvous organism, rollovos weariness
and entices repose Solence scouting
so superficial a description, cxamtno?
first tho smoko, second tho leaf, third
tho ash. In tho smoko is discovered
water in a vaporous stato, soot (free
carbon,) carbonic acid and carbonio
oxide, and a vaporous substanco con
densable into oily nicotine Theso aro
tho genoral divisions, whloh ohemists
havo still further spilt up, and in so
doing havo fpund acetic, formlo, butyric,
Valeria and propionic aolds, prussio
acid, creosote, and carbolic acid, am
monla, sulphuretted hydrogen, pyri
dine, virldine, picolino, lutidlne, oollo
dine, parvolino, corodlno ami rubldlno,
Theso last are a sories of oily bases bo
longing to tho homologuos of aniline,
first discovered in coal-tar.
Applying chemloal tests to tho loaves,
other ohemists havo found nlcotla, to
bacco camphor or niootianino (about
whloh not muoh is known,) a bittor ex
tractive mattor, gnm chlorophyl, ma
lato of lime, sundry albuminoids, malio
acid, woody fiber nnd various salts.
Tho foathory white ash, which in Its
cohesion and whltonoss is indloatlvo of
the good cigar, yields potash, soda,
magnesia, lime, phosphoric aold, sul
phurio aold, sllloia and chlorine. Tho
ingredients oxtractablofroma poor and
choap cigar would bo fonrful and won
derful to contemplate Horo is a list
from a Parliamentary report on adul
terations In tobacco, sugar, alum, limo,
flour or meal, rhubarb loaves, salt-potro,
fuller's earth, starch, malt commongs,
chromato of load, peat moss, molasses,
burdock loaves, common salt, ondlvo
loaves, lampblack, gum. red dye, a
black dyo composed of vegetablo red
and llcorlco, scraps of no wspaoors, cin
namon stick, cabbago leaves and straw
brown paper.
Air Locomotion.
Captain Beaumont, of tho English
army, has invented a oomprossea-air
locomotlvo, from which a revolution in
tho piocut method ol short-routo travel
isoxpectcd. This englno has been in
uso for about a yoar at tho Woolwich
Arsenal, and recently has bcon put on
trial on tho Underground Railway In
London. Thoro havo been nny numbor
ot comprcsscd-atr locomotives in vontcd,
but thoy havo all had tho fatal defect of
unreliability. Thlof troublo has bcon
that Intuslng compressod air in cylin
ders a degreo of cold Is produced which
very quickly Incumbors tho working
machlnory with ice Captain Beaumont
has overcome this difficulty by injoctlng
a spray of hot steam into tho condensed
air ns it passes into tho cylinders, a de
vice which Is said to bo ontiroly satis
factory, though, o( course, this necessi
tates tho uso of a small steam onglno
In connection with tho compressed-air
locomotivo. In tho trials that havo been
made, it has been found that this loco
motlvo is capablo of dragging what
would bo an ordinary railway train
for twolvo miles or moro nt a rory
high rato of speed. If put into
general uso, say on tho under-
round railroad in London, tho inven
tion would doubtless result in quite a
saving in tho fuol account, but its chlof
merit would bo found in its noiseless
and smokeless action. If tho Beau
mont ongino proves to bo a successful
invention, tho managers of our olevated
railroads cannot bo too forward in tho
work of introdnclng it into this coun
try. It tho nulsanco of smoko, clndors
and tho nolso of exhausting steam could
bo dono away with, tho olovatcd rail
roads In Now York city would bo much
moro acceptable to their users and much
less objectionablo to thoso in front of
whoso houses they run.
llrt;llin(r Pnln ly Nlioclttt.
Many peoplo (says tho Electrician)
havo obsorved that a blow or othor Jar
ring shock, will sometimes dispel pain;
but tbo importance of mechanical vi
brations as an anodyne is now engaging
tho serious attention of physicians.
For somo years past Dr. Mortimer
Granvillo has boon endeavoring to find
a good means of mitigating tho pangs
of neuralgia by a recurring sories of
shocks, administered to tho skin over
tho effected part, and ho has constructed
an apparatus for tho purposo which has
boon employed successfully on various
occasions. Mr. Boudot, of Paris, has,
howovcr, qulto recently developod tho
subject still further, and applied tho
ordinary diapason or tuning fork to tho
purposo in question. He was led to do
this by tho experiments of M. Vigou
roux, who provokod contractions in hys
torical patients, and subdued tho pains
in a norvous cripple, by causing tho so
norous waves from a vibrating tuning
fork and sounding board to lmplngo
upon his limbs. M. Boudet improvos
upon this treatment by bringing tho vi
brator into actual contact with the sur
face of tho body. He doos this by a
tuning fora kept in constant vibration
through the attraction and ropulsion of
an eloctro-magnet, in which an olectrlo
current flows, and a rod having ono
end connected to tho fork and tho other
applied over the nerve So efficacious
docs it appoar to be, that cortaln kinds
of neuralgia, especially in tho less deep
Eoated nerves, aro charmod away aftor
a fow minutes use Tho subject is yet
in its infancy, but it is probable that
othor kinds of physical suffering may
bo soothed by tho vibratory Influcnco
and it is not unlikely that comploto
an wHhesia, similar to that produced by
chloroform, may result from tremors ol
tho cranium; for when tho fork is np
plied to the walls of tho skull, a swim
ming of tho head, followed by a desire
to sleep, is frequently inducod. Thoro
aro good reasons for belloving that
chloroform acts through mechanical
disturbance of tho sensory norves.
How tho Ancients Measured a Day.
Popular Sclcnco lEoiithty,
Tho first and most obvious division ot
timo is tho day tho timo required for
a revolution of tho earth upon its axis
which could not havo boon avorVi
difficult matter to ascertain with sufli
ciont correctness. But to mark and
the tlmo of tho sun's apparent rovo
tlon through tho lieavons among tio
stars was a mattor of groat difllcu
that it was-not oxaotly ascertained even
at the lime of tho reformation of Jtho
oalandor in 1682; yet so uniform is
motion of tho earth in tho orbit
tho results of modern experiments
der it noxt to absolutely cortain tba.
tlmo of orbital revolution hasnoveava-
rlod oven the fraction of n second. In
tho inlanoy of astronomy, many inge-
nius expedients wore adopted to ascer
tain this and other matters oonneotod
with tho times and motions of tho
planets and othor hoayenly bodies, ono
of whloh may bo mentioned evon at the
risk of tedlousness. To ascertain tho
exaot timo of tho revolution of tho con
oavo of tho hoavens, two vessols wero
placed ovor caoh other, tho uppor filled
with wator, tho lower empty. At tho
moment ot tho appearing of a certain
star abovo tho harizon, tho wator was
permlttod to flow from tho uppor into
tho lowor vossol, nnd tbo flow was con
tinued until tho same star appeared tho
next night, when tho fl m was stopped.
Tho wholo concavo of tho hoavons bad
then mado ono revolution. Tho water
whloh had flowed out during this ttmo
was divided into twelvo equal parts,
and smallor vessels wero mado oaeh to
hold Just ono of theso parts, and on tho
following ovn'ng they repoatcd tho
pcratlon, filling sucjosslvcly six ol
thoso vossols, and noting carefully what
stars roso nbovo the horizon during tho
timo required to fill each of thorn.
Each group of stars which roso during
tho tlmo of filling ono small vessel was
called a station or houso of tho sun.
Thoy thon postponed operations upon
tho othor half of tho hoavons for six
months, when they repeated it, and
thus divldod the path of tho sun through
tho whole hoavens into twolvo divisions,
to most of which thoy gavo tho namos
of cortain animals; honco tho tortn zo
diac, tho propriety of which could havo
been seen only by tho fertile fancies of
tho childhood of tho race Tho wholo
ancient method of dividing and naming
tho constellations Is to us uttorly ab
surd, nnd is really a hindranco to a
knowledge of tho stars.
Dogs In Literature.
Temple Bar.
Macaulay's definition of a dogns "an
animal that only spoiled conversation"
is qulto characteristic of that eminent
and, withal, monopolizing talkor, who
would most unresorvedly hnvo indorsed
tho parody, "Ono man's potis another's
nuisance1' But Goethe's fcollncs had
awd tho bounds of boredom ; dogsj were
an aouorronco to him; their barking
drovo him to distraction. Mr. Lowes
tolls us of tho poet's troubles as thoatri
cal manager nt Weimar, whon tho cabal
against him had craftily porsuaded the
Duko Carl August, whoso fondnoss for
dogs was as rcmarkablo as Gootho's
aversion to them, to invito to his capital
tho comodlan Karstcn and his poodlo,
which had been performing, amid tho
onthuslastio acclamations of Paris and
Gormany, tho leading part in tho molo-
drama of "Tho Dog of Montarels."
Goethe replied: "Ono of our thoatro
regulations stands, 'No dogs admitted
on tho stage;' " and thus dismissed tho
subject. But tho invatation had already
gono, and tho dog arrived. Alter tho
first rehearsal Gootho gavo his Highness
thocholco between tho dog and his
Highncss's then stago managor; and tho
Duko, angry at his opposition, sovercd
a long friendship by a most offensive
letter of dismissal. Ho quickly, how
ever, camo to his sonses, and, repent
ing of his potulanco, wroto to tho poot
in a conciliatory tono; but, though tho
cloud passed away, no entreaty could
ever Induce Gootho to rcsumo his post.
Alfred do Musset's dislike of dogs was
intensified by unfortunate experience
for twico in his lifo a dog had gono noar
to wreck his prospects, onco, whon, at
a royal hunting party, ho blunderingly
shot Louis Phillippe's pointer; nnd again
when as a candidate for tho Acadoray,
ho was paying tho customary visit of
ceremony to nn influential immortal,
Just as he rang nt tho chateau gato, an
ugly, muddy whelp rushed joyously and
noisily to greet him, fawning upon tho
poet's new and dainty costume Rjluo
tant to draw any distinction of courtesy,
at such a timo, botwoon tho Academi
cian and his dog, ho had no altornatlvo
but to accept tho slimy oaressos, and tho
escort of tho animal into tho salon,
Tho embarrassment of his host he ac
counted for by tho barely defensible
behavior ot his pet, but whon tho dog
having followed them into tho dining-
room, placed two muddy paws upon
tho oloth and seized tho wing of a cold
chicken, Do Musset's surpressed warth
found relief in tho reserved suggestion,
"Yon nro fond of dogs, I see" "Fond
of dogs!" echoed the Aeadomlclan, "
hato dogs." "But this animal hero?1
ventured Do Musset. "I hnvo borno
with tho boast," was tho reply, "only
becauso It is yours." "Mlnof" cried
tho poet, "I thought it was yours,
whloh was all Jhat prevented mo from
killing him." Tho .two men shouted
with laughter; Do Musset gained a
Irlend; but tho dog and his kind an
enemy moro bitter than bofore
The Minister's Cow.
Somo years ago thoro lived in Con
trol Now York a very worthy but oc-
ntrlo dlvlno, known as Fathor Gross.
o had a hired man named Isaac, who
always oboyedordors without questions.
Father Gross bought a now oow ono
day whloh provod rctraotory whon mllk-
U, retusing to surrender tbo lacteal
TIuUl, although Isnao used all tho per-
.uaslvo arts of which ho was master.
lo finally reported tho delinquencies
to his master.
"Well, Isaao," said he, "go to tho
barn and get thoso pieces of now rope"
Isaao oboyed; tho oow was driven into
the stable, tlod with tho pleoo of tho
rqpo, whon tho Rev. camo out armod
Willi U IM1I1U. .
"Now," he oxplalnod to Isaao, "I
will got on the cov's baok and you tic
my feet, beneath her, then you go on
Q'ith your milking and with my wolght
pn hor back sho must givo down her
Isaao oboyed. Tho foot were tlod,
tho pall got and milking commoncod.
But bossy objected, and plunged
wildly about. Tho stable was lotf ?und
tho Rev's hoad was fearfully thumpoL J
"0. Isaaot Isaaot' bawled ho, "out thon
Isaao seizod tho knlfo and out, not
tho ropo whloh tied tho mastor's feet
but tho ono that tied tho cow. Tho
stable door was opon, also tho yard
Away darted tho frantlo oow, tho
terrified man on hor baok holplossly
roaring, "stop hor, stop horl"
Whllo madly careering down tho
road, he met a parlshionor who ex
citedly called,
Why, Mr. Gross, whoro aro you goingr"
'Only God and this cow knows,"
groaned ho; "I don't."
Tho animal was finally oaughl, and
tho man released, muoh scared but un
hurt. Stand firm.
Somo years ago, as two young gentle
men wero going homo from a party la
Philadelphia, thoy wero attacked by a
gang of rowdlos. Tho youths wero
brothers, and noted for tholr skill in
boxing. Standing back to baok, thoy
knookod down tholr assailants as fast a
thoy camo nt them. In a fow minutes
tho rowdies fled. Similar tactics onco
saved two English nnglers from bolng
bitten by a paok of florco dogs. As
thoy woro passing n farm-houso, a largo
dog, whoso barking nnd glaring oybs
announced his rngo, dashed at thorn.
Catch up somo stonos and stand
baok to back, or ho'll worry us,' cried
tho older. "
Armed with as many stonos as thoy
could pick up, thoy put thomsolvos in
position and waited tho charge. But
tho dog did not attack. Ho dvidontly
thought tho position too formidable for
him to carry by assault. Aftr circling
round tho inon two or throo times, ho
roturnod to tho farm-houso.
Tho nnglers, congratulating thom-
selves on tho success of their tactics
prcssod onward. They had just passed
ovor tho brow of a hill whon a chorus
of 'Yelp, Yolp, Yelp!' announcod an
other and more dangerous attack.
n o nro hunted,' shouted ono to tho
othor 'moro stonos, nnd stand firm, or
wo aro dead mon.'
Filling thoir pockets and hands with
stonos, tho two mon again stood back
to back, and waited anxiously tho at
tack. On camo tho largo dog, with
four othor dogs, all open-mouthed and
barking furiously. Thoy, too, had
tholr tactics. Thoy began by circling
round tho nnglors, nnd gradually drew
nearer nnd nonrer.
A woll-almod stono struck tho londor
of tho pack on tho head and rolled him
ovor. Anothor stono hit a second doer
on tho sido and sent him out of tho
circlo howling with pnln.
Then tho pack haltod, retreated somo
distance, and again began to circlo
round tho men. Suddenly thoy went
round and round, until, seeing no
ohanco for an assault, thoy wont slowly
off ovor tho hill.
Tho anglors wont tholr way, specu
lating as to tho method by which tho
largo dog porsuaded his four compan
ions to join him in assaulting his en
emies. Water as a Drink.
Many persons drink ordinarily as
littlo water as posaiblo, and nono at all
at meal times, becauso thoy supposo
that wator dilutes tho gastrio juice
Experiments, howovor, show that dilu
tion does not diminish tho power of tho
gastrio juice, and furthor, that water
alono, as well as solid food, awakens
its secretion. A paper road by Dr.
Webster, of Boston, nt a mooting of a
learned medical sooiety took tho ground
that water, used moderately at moals,
is beneficial, nnd that a large class of
orsons drink too little Tho result is,
if too littlo water is drank especially
If tho person oats heartily tho porspir
ation and the kidney seoretlon are di
minished. Not only thoy, but tho
wasto of tho system, whlcb can bo re
moved only in a state of solution, is
not eliminated with sufficient regularity
and fullness, and tho system becomes
gradually clogged by it. The accu
mulation is slight from day to day, but
in timo unpleasant symptoms are de
veloped. Theso symptoms aro of an in
definite character disoomfort, evon
pain, sometimes in ono place and some
times in another, constipation, and
unhealthy huo ot tho skin. "Patients,"
said Dr. Wobster, "who drank no
moro thnn a pint of wator a pay have
told mo that they were not thirsty.
Thoy woro surprised when told to drink
more Thoso who havo followed this
suggestion in tho courso of a week have
developed thirst, and drink as many as
throo pints of wator a day." Wo may
add that water taken into tho stomach
Is at once rapidly absorded by the blood
vessels. A bowl of well-seasoned broth
as a first courso, Is specially helpful to
tho above class of patients. A largo
quantity of ioo wator is harmful to any
Righted bj the Whirligig rTImo.
History has its satires as sharp as tho
most biting darts of tho schools. Whllo
tho direct descendants of tho Bonapartes
aro soattorod over Europe In oxllo
Franoo on sufforanco, or marrying tho
daughters oi gamblors at Monaco, tho
lino of tho divorced Empress Josophlno
Is ruling in various courts, marrying
and mating with tho oldest principal
ities on tho continent. ThoyoungGus
tavus Adolphus who is ablut to marry
thoPrinoels of Baden Is lio grandson
of Prlnco Euffeno, the .sLson of tho
great NapoleariCsoiWft Empress
Josephine Tho houso of Baden is it
self a linkbotwoee tho Empress' line
and that of tho present Emperor ol Ger
many. Tho throne to whloh this youth,
will bo called somo day was created by
a Marshal of Napoleon, Bernadotto,
whdf o training under tho master of tho
art of war was In tho end utilized to
crush his over-reached ambition, Nor
way and Swedon is a growing power
which in tlmo may fairly tako rank
with tho great continental powors,
guardod as itjis by English Jealousyjfrom
tho greed of Russia and tho ulterior
polloy of Gormany.
' Aa a gonoral thing young lawyora
don't nave many trying times.

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