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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, June 17, 1881, Image 6

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061416/1881-06-17/ed-1/seq-6/

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WORDSWORTH.
IIow rich that forehead' calm expanse!
Howbrignt that heaven-din ctcil glance I
Wat t her to Glorr, winged Towers,
Ere sorrow bo renswcil,
And Intercourse with mrrtal hours
Bring back a humbler mcod I
80 looked Ojellla when sho drew
An angel from her station;
8 looked not ceasing to pcrtuc
Her tuaetul odor at Ion I
But han 1 an 1 vo'ce allko are still t
No sound hero sweeps away tho will
That gave It birth In adoration mcok
One upright arm tuttalns the cheek,
And one iccro.s tho losom lies
That rose, and now forgets to rice,
Subdued by breathless harmonies
Of meditative feeling;
Mute strains from worlds beyond the sktcs,
Tr.rough tbo pure light of, female eyes,
Their sanctity revealing 1
OLD CATHIE'S STOKY.
"I novor flood no lamlly llko do old
Prentiss, Miss May; 'pears llko folks
ain't so nice dls vcr way. My Misls
was a reg'tar queen."
"Who was your Missis, Cathie?"
askod tho piolurosquo old colored wo
man, who sat loaning on tho handlo oi
a hugo basket sho had just emptied of
cleau clothos.
. "My Missis was, fust, Mars' Cunnol
Prentiss' mother. Warn't no nonsonso
'bout her. Wo lived on do olo Mlsslslp,
and dat ar' was aplantatlon sloh as you
don't over boo now-o-days. Why, Mars'
Cunnol ho own a hundred and fifty poo
plo, yai. Mlis, an' I was ono of 'om."
"Wcroyou well treated?"
'.'What! wo uus! ttoatcd wolll" and
Lore Calhio Moss broko into a laugh
that sot hor fat shoulders to shaking,
"Treated well! Mars Cunnelf dat ar'
olo plantation! Lit mo tell you, Miss
May, wo novor kno wed what hard timos
was till wo'b free."
"Out o'olos' go to olo Missis, an' thar
sho, sat in do big room, a-cuttin' out do
bluo clot inter gowns and aprons, and
do white clof Inter al sorts o' things
'"What, rnammyl your gown a-wcar
in' out? won, oall in to-morrow'n you
shall hov a now ono.' Dat's do way it
was dar, and nox' mornin,' 'g'long!
dar's your gown a-sniollin' swcot ob do
dyo, nu' a smart han'kcrohlef to put on
wld it."
"Or s'poso I go in wid do hoadacho
Off I sent to do doctor, an'p'r'aps to do
hospital, dat hobonly room under do
pino trees, whero dar wasn' nuflln' to
bo douo but tako do modioino an' git
woll."
"Dat was llbbln', Miss May. 'Clar'
to heben, don't dar' to got hcadacho
hero, Miss May; cost too much monoy,"
and the old woman shook her head with
:a lugubrious countenance.
"Thou, on tho whole, jou don't care
so much for your freedom?"
"Well, Bomotimes, Miss May, I is
despretly onfaithlosa, an' I looks back
to Egyp'hm', an' "my Mars' Cunnel
Prontlsj. wid lorgings as can't bo mut
tered." "1 seetns to soo my olo Mars', whoso
head lain in deso yor arms fust it ovor
lain in anybody's, 1 reckon, for I wcro
on'y thlrtcon when ho wcro born, an'
do miss, my own muddor, Just cuddled
bim in my shoulder; laws, Miss May,
dar nober was an angolioar chllo, an'
whon lie grow up his oyos was as blaok
as sloort, an' ho was bo tall -an' han'
sum I
" 'Deed, ho tako mighty good car' 0'
Ids people, an' Jest let 'cm ory hallelu
jah an' shout to do Lord. Woll, I won't
say I doesn't ltko freedom, Miss May,"
fiho addod, picking at tho basket handlo,
"but aa for to go to say its as comfort.
bio as my olo Mars' Guuncl Prentiss'
plantation" and heaving a great sigh,
sho shook her old shaker bonnet with
energy.
"When Mars' Prentiss got married,
ho married a lady, ho did," sho began
again with thatunmlstakablo expression
which shows how far back tbo thoughts
.havo travolod.
"Lor! wasn't sho a boauty, wid her
bluo oyos an' yallar gold hair? None
of your cajun in hor, butraal stook aud
blood. No mean ways; jest nateral and
ndblo, an' I tolls you, dare wasn't a ser
vant on do placo but Jest worship her."
"Beckon sho was 25 whon Mars' Ralph
was born. Pso a stout woman den,
tfoln' on 40, an' dar was ginoral rojolcin',
"cause, ye seo, .dat ar' was do fust son
riut Missis, die kop' hor oyo on me; just
didn't liko to aeo mo go to do do', an'I
could see dar was some tin' on her mind.
"Ono day says sho, 'Gathlo,' says she,
'everybody Is so happy.'
"Lor', Missis," says I, "an' no wond
or. Hero you '8, spa'd to do master,
m' a boautiful boy como Inter dls world
of sin an' sufferin'."
" 'Yes, ho must suffer an'sin p'r'aps,'
ho said, under hor brof , liko, 'an' I
ha'n't bo bore to pity him.'
"Woll, Mlfs, dom words struck: me
iUln a,cliill llkc; IJost sot an' looked,
it; her, an' for de fust timo I soo somo
hin' In her face Ihadn't noticed before
it was de glory ob hobon, Miss May, de
ilory of heben.
" 'Thoy's nil rejoicing, Cathie, an'
I'm glad; I liko to seo de Cunnol's peo-
de Iiopdv, but dev. don't nono ob dem
know what I knows."
"I'msosorryfordoCnnnell Cathie,
you're a good woman, an' I'vo noticed
how do chllons loves you, ah' you has
a . good way ob glttin' on wid dem, and,
a good firm, strong will." 3
" 'I want you to hab do chllcn tn yo';
oaro.ob courso dolrgran'ma, she'd keep
m till do Cunnol finds somebody elso
tobo a muddor to dem, and oven don
OfcToathlot an' sbo foil a-sobbln' an' a-
tnoanin on my shoulder."
"WoU, Mlsi May, I wor datstruck In
heanloDuldntantwerylsor no, an
iv hnsrh thumn as it never did bofo'l
yporo young mislressl'Twa'nt but a
little whllo after dat, doy carried hor
down stairs to put hor in do coffin."
"Mars' Cunnol, ho didn't tako on, not
bit. Evon do littlo chlllon, black an'
whlto, oryln' all ovor, but Mars' Cun
nol looked still nn' whito aa sho did,
on'y ho broalhed."
"I novor seed him shot a tear, Miss
May, not ono, but ho never got any
other mistress for us. Olo Miss, sho
do oboryt'lng jest as sho did aloro Miss
Lily como, an' I has do chlllon to caro
for and 'muso wld dem blessed Biblo
stories which I knowod from Joshua to
Jororatda."
'And do years gone by, an' littlo
Miss growed beautiful. An' do boy, ho
wor a wild ono, but do lovin'est thing
in do world. Why, doy didn't treat mo
as folks docs her,
"Doy didn't movo 'way from mo If I
Fot too clo?o; doy clt in my lap, an'
hang dar arms 'bout my neck, an' kiss
mo so mnch dat I tell urn doy kiss all do
black off. An1 my young miss, sho
grow liko her muddor day after day,
and Mars' Cunnol, ho jest worship hor.
'Well, Miss, I wor makln' a whip for
young Mars' do day doy Drang her
homo. 'Scuso mo for cryln', Miss; I
nober think of dat.tlmo without a sor
rowul hoarl. Thero wor hor long dress
n-dragging, her hat off an' her hair so
bright, till tumbled down llko do waver
in' water when do. sun shines on it."
"Was sho killed?" I asked, Intent,
almost breathless.
"Mot all ooer, brcss do Lord, my
pure, patient umbl but do back was
broko, an' dar was no llfo on'y in tho
brain. Do fus' words sho say when doy
lav her on do bod, in hor rldin' habit
was:
"Don't cry, papa, I'm only going to
seo darlln' mamma a littlo soonor, dat'
all!" Cry! why do Cunnol scream!
nover seo nothin' llko it. 'Pears ho
would go out of his sensos. And all do
peoplo seems if doy's crazy,
"Olo Miss an' I do only onos dat did
a thing. You could hoar do littlo nigs
howlin' under do window liko doy's so
many huntln' dogs, an' do Cunnol gwido
an' asking do'Lord what ho'd dono to
bo so trented, poor soul."
"He growed calmer before mornin,'
and then ho heard do news fremdodoc-
tor. Miss Lily might livo for months
bres3 de Lord, fur of sho'd gono don,
wouldn't glvo much fur Mars' Cunnel'
brain, I toll you
"An' so I nussed my sweet lamb, an'
do cajun dat found hor after sho fell."
"Cajun; what's a cajun?" I asked
"You spoko oi ono before,"
"Oh, a sort o' no good whlto folks
llvin' down by do swamp in olo Louisi
ana, ho used to como to do house, and
Marstcr Cunnel, ho never grow tired ob
talkin' wid him, an' he hate and douplso
them low whlto trash bofo' dat."
It was somo time boforo 1 understood
that sho meant an Acadian, or French
Canadian, as thoy sometlmos style
themselves, a pooplo who aro gonerally
called "creole Franaalt," and who livo
in tho interior of tho State
Oh Miss May, you nover soo sich a
sight in all yo' born dnys. Dar sho
wor, not Blxteon ylt, evoryt'ing gono
school, 'musomcnt, all do pleasuros ob
life jest a smllln', jest a lookin' up all
do timo, so sure 00 dat ober place."
'An' she keop mo talkin' 'bo.ut hor
mother, an' plan what sho would do up
dar, jost as if sho wor gitton' ready to
go to a a 'scursion, whar sho knowod
sho'd havo everything pleasant about
her. An'do Cunnel, ho stopped askin'
de Lord what ho'd dono it lor. an' Jest
set dar and listened to her hoavcnlv
talk, and sho on'y eixtcon lcs3 than a
week when sho dlod."
"Sbo died, then!" and I drew a long
breth.
"Deed sho did, cf youklnoallitdyln',
I'll b'leevo to my last day sho saw hor
muddor, for at do ord sho stretched out
hor hands, an' such a look ub como inter
dom eyes! Sho saw Bomolhin' enure!"
"Mnybo 'twas do dear Lord; how kin
wo toll? Well, dear lamb, sho was took
from tho evils to como, for do war broko
out, aud dc Cunnol lost everything, all
his big plantation, and do old Missis,
sho went off with heart broko, and de
Cunnol, ho fell at Shlloh, shot t'roo de
bead, and young Marstor woll,
MIbs "
"I's had a hand in dat!" Bho added
with a sort of triumph; "he's gone to
do 'vorslty, an' is studyin' for a preach
er, an' it's all long ob dom Bible teach-
In's I used to tocho hin., an' ho say so
hlsself. Lor' wait!"
"I havo a shinin' account to glvo
Mrss Lily, whon dem goldon gates
swings open for to let old mammy in to
hor dear lambs. Reckon, Mis wo
sba'n't romcmbor all our woes an' trials,
an' tribilatlons; it won't bo nothin' but
jubilees up dar, bross and praise do
Lord!"
Cathie took up her big basket and
wont out, but tho spirit of exultation
seemed to linger in tho atmqsphero sho
had left.
Judge Lambort Treo, ot Chicago, has
inherited an estato of $4,000,000 from
his father-in-law, H. H. Mngio, and Is
said to bo tho wealthiest man in that
city.
The Princess Pierro Bonaparte did
not soo hor husband after tho marrlago
of their son Roland with Mile. Blanc,
but left him to enter a convont ot Les
Dames Trinitaircs.
Lord Beaconsfleld insisted on dining
out livo or six times a weok and attend
ing all tho very swoll parties, old as ho
was, and caught tho cold wbioh ended
1m, coming homo from ono of them.
Tho wealth of tho Astor family, oi
New York, Is estimated at ono hundred
millions of dollars. The Astors of this
generation do littlo beyond tbo collee-
tion of their r0.vcnu.9a and tho spomVing
of a portion of tt.
IN TWOS.
Somewhere tn the world there hide
Garden gates that no ono sees,
Save they come In happy twos;
Not In ones, nor yet In threes.
But from every maiden's door
.Leads a pith way straight and true;
Maps and surveys know It not;
He who llnds, finds room for two.
Then they see tho garden gates;
Never sky so bine as theirs,
Never flowers so -many sweet
As for those who come In pairs.
Round and round the alleys wind;
Now a crsdlo bars ttrclr way;
Now a littlo mound, behind
80 tho two go through the day.
When no nook In all the lanes
Ilut has heard a song or sigh ;
Lot another garden gate
Opens as the two go by I
In they wander, knowing not;
"Five and twenty" fills tho air
With a silvery echo low,
All about tho startled pair.
Happier yet these garden walks;
Closer, heart to heartthoy lean;
Stiller, softer, falls the light;
Few the twos and far between,
111, at last, as on thoy pass
Down tho paths so well they know.
Once again at hidden gates,
Stand tho two I they enter slow. ,
Golden gates of fifty years,
May oar two your latchet press!
Garden of the Banset Land
Hold their dearest happiness 1
Then a quiet walk again 1
Then a wicket tn tho wall I
Then one, steppeng on alone-
Then two at tho Heart et All I
FARM, HARDEN AND HOUSEHOLD.
Clover as n Fertilizer.
Doatoa Journal of Commerce.
A corrospondont reports tho follow
ing bit of farming oxporlenco: "About
twenty years sinco a man obtained by
lcaso a largo tract of land for a torm 0!
years, mosc of which was worn out and
exhausted rye land. Ono field of ten
acres was sown with ryo when ho took
t. Tho lossoo gavo it a coat of ashes
and a good sprinkling of clover seed.
Tho rye yielded six bushols por aero; it
was so thin that tho clovor had sufficient
room to grow. Tho next sooson tho
clovor coverod tho ground completely,
and was allowed to. remain on tho
ground tho ontlro season. In tho spring
or tho second year tho wholo was plow
od in and tho field planted with corn,
wnicn yioiaoa lorty-soven bushols per
aero, and it has romained a fertilo field
to tho prosont timo."
About Clover.
A Michigan farmer writes to the jour
nal of that nanio, that ho oonsiders clo
vor to tho farmer of as muoh valuo as
fertilizer as a crop of corn for fattening
stook and making manuro. In an ex
perience of forty-two years ho has learn-
cd its value. Ho says when ho wants
to sood down a field of wheat he waits
until tho ground is well settlod at tho
opening of spring, and tbo hard frosts
aro past, and then sows tho "sood six
quarts of clovor seed and four quarts of
timothy scod, well mixed then harrows
in lightly and rolls tho ground. Ho
sows 100 pounds of plaster to tho aoro.
In seeding with oats, tho amount of
sood is tho samo, sown aftor tho oats
aro dragged in, but tho ground is then
rollod, benefiting both oaU and clover.
Clovor is tho most profitable summer
pasture for hogs, but tho pasturo or
field should bo divided into two or three
lots so that the stock may bo changed
from one to another during tho soason.
IlornlesN Cattle.
Farmers' Union.
A nico pair of horns cortainly adds
boauty to a cow. It is not to bo sup
posed, however, that sho would give
any moro milk or make bettor beef for
having them; but horetoforo a cow with
horns was moro fashionable than a
hornloss animal, 'but ovoryono knows
that fashion is a fioklo goddess, so wo
need not bo surprised that an incroasod
interest Is being manifested In tho poll
ed or hornless breeds of oattle. Thoro
aro soveral distinct broods of polled
cattlo, we believe, suoh as tho Gallo
ways, Polled Angus, and tho old-fash-ioned
Mulloy.1 so called. Tho friends
of these animals aro claiming from tho
different agricultural societies provis
ions for premiums this fall, whloh is
proper enough, becauso all meritorious
broods should bo put on tho samo basis.
Thero is plonty of room on our Minne
sota prairies for all. There is no dan
ger but that the -farmors will find out in
good timo which are tho best and most
profitable; neither is thoro any danger
but that thoy will make good solections
as soon as they havo opportunity to do
so. Wo aro destined to bo a groat
stook growing State.
Give (heCalreH Plenty to Eat.
Farmer' Union,
Now is tho season ot tho year that
young calves should havo plenty of
food. If they aro pormitted to be con
tinually half-starved during May and
Juno, thoy will hardly over get over tho
set-back received from such a courso.
Evoryono who has visited a farm whero
calves aro ted sparingly must bo famil
iar with that peculiar, rural muslo, tho
bellowing of tho dlsconted young calf
a muslo not of tho most; agreeable sort,
indicating, as it does, that tho littlo fol
low is ill at case somo way or othor. It
is worth whilo to inquire into tho onuso
of this discontent, for a young animal
oannot to expected to stand and bawl
for hours togothor without wasting,
through suoh an amount of breath,'
noiso and effort, a considerable portion
of flesh, to say nothing of the real phys
ical suffering which must oauso thoso
incessant complaints. By giving the
calf all tbo milk necessary for a. full
stomach we expect; tho bawling would
oeaso. Tho fact is, calves generally
are dpomcd to a position too muoh HLo
that of young chlldron that is, they
aro rogardod as too smalt and InBignlfl
cant a raco of animals to merit muoh
attention irom grown-up persons with
wiso heads. For as children aro not
unfrequontly kept In tho nuraory under
tho caro of thoso who would not bo en
trusted with tho caro of monoy con
cerns, or sont to school to havo their
now-born intellects mouldod by the
cheap sohool-mnstor, whom tholr par
ents would not suffer to havo chargo of
ovon a favorlto horse. So in llko man
ner young calves aro shut up pr tied up
in somo oomlortless Out-house, whero
thoy recoivo a fow moments attention
in feeding twico in tho spaco of twenty-
four hours. Nature points out most
dittlnotly that tho joung animal must
at first bo allowed to thrivo only on tho
rich mUrimont furnished by tho fresh
milk of tho cow. Tho practico of sepa
rating tho two wholly and at once Is un
natural and sovoio. Alter a calf has
been weaned it should bo fed often and
in small quantities at a timo. Whon
calves aro allowed to'dlstend themselves
freely about sunrise, thoy should not bo
compelled to fast fourtoon hours boforo
another' meal is given at sunset. It
would save, as evening approaches, an
incossant and pitiful bawling, which is
caused in obedionco to tho gnawings of
a hungry etomaoh. Minnesota farmers
cannot afford to starvo their calves.
ltoraee' Irge,
Prairie. Farmer.
It is a woll known 'fact that horses
will work and. remain sound for many
years with legs apparently out of order.
Enlargements tako placo in tho sheath
of tendons after a strain; also from
blows, whero tho parts becomo lined
with a thick coat of lymph; and somo
times tho body of tho bono itself is
found thiokoncd from a dopositlon of
bony lamina over tho original bono.
When all this has been in progress wo
question tho propriety of any 'active
moasnros, unless, as is gonerally tho
case, a feeling of soroncss is exhibitod
after work by shifting or favoring of tho
limb or limbs in tho stall, or by a "fool
ing" mannor of going on first being
taken out of tho stable. Whon tho legs
are roally callous, littlo impression can
bo mado upon them unless by active
measures; but rest and proper attention
are tho best preservatives of thoso most
essontinl members of the horso's framo,
with tho friendly auxiliaries of hot -water,
flannel bandages and freedom in a
box stall, after severe work, and good
shoeing all timos. Provided no intornal
diseaso attacks tho fcot thoy will not
only be as sound and healthy, but in
better form, from having been properly
shod, than if thoy had not boon shod at
all.
Somo hoofs, howover, having a great
er disposition to secreto horn than oth
ers, and thus oalled strong feet, should
nover remain moro than threo weeks
without being subjected to tho drawing
knlfo of the blacksmith, and the shoes
pribporly replaced. Neither should
stopping; with damp tow be omitted, as
moisture, not. "wet." is beneficial to
tho health of, tho foot' Do what wo
may, howover, horses that aro reqnlrod
for work on hard roads, or to "go tho
pace," will always be moro or less sub
ject to diseased feet, quite unconnected
with shoeing.. Tho action of tho hinder
legs of horses reminds us of ono use
ful hint to thoso who havo to uso their
horses on long journeys. If we follow
a woll formed horse, with tho frco uso
of his limbs, on a road upon whloh his
footsteps are Imprinted, wo shall find
tho hinder foct oversteps tho foro foot
in tho walk, but falls behind it in tho
slow trot. Exoluslvo of rollef to the
musolos by change ot action, then, it is
safer to vary tho pace from a walk to a
slow trot on a journey, as causing less
fatigue to tho hock joint, by which
enrbs and spavins aro frequently thrown
put. Add to this, tho slow trot is tho
safest paoo a horso goes, bcoauso his
step is shortest.
ReralnlscBtienS of Jeha Brawn.
Mr. Thomas B. Musgrovo, tho Now
York bankor, says: "Ono day in the
summor of 1859, 1 was silting in tho dry
goods house "of whloh 1 was tho junior
partner, and my desk was in tho middle
of tho floor, as tho junior partner's al-
ays is, when a man camo in whom I
rocognized in a minuto as John Brown.
Ho had been a friend of my father, and
had nursed mo on bis ktvoo when I was
a child. He took his sent on a bale of
Osnaburgs. Osnaburgs wero a sort of
bagging used at tho time to balo cotton.
As Brown sat on tho Osnaburgs, ho said:
Thoso aro made of labor that ought to
bo free.' Ho repeated, feeling them in
his fingers, 'mode of labor that ought to
bo frco.' Ho then said ho wanted to see
tho head of tho firm who was also his
friond. I said to him: 'Mr. Brown, he is
very busy just now. Caa't I attond to
your businoss quito as well? What do
you want?' 'I want to get somo rifles,
no sata, uor Kansas. 1 wanted some
monoy.' 'Woll, Mr. Brown,' said I,
'supposo I glvo you a cheok for $50-'
won't mat dor' 'Anas wiu do very
woll,' ho said, 'and 1 need not wait to
seo Mr. '
"I wroto hlry. tho chock, and ho took
it, and put it away, and that is the last
timo I over saw him- As ho got up
from the Osnabures he said, shaking his
head: 'Mado of labor that ought to bo
free.' A very littlo whilo passed,
it
seemed to mo two. months, perhaps
when I ploked up the paper and saw
that John Brown had made a desoont
on Harper's Ferry. I wroto to him, ex
pressing my surprlso that ho was there,
and asking if anything could bo dono
lor; him. no replied that ho would liko
to havo a suit of clothes to go to his trl-
al in. I knew what ho liked to wear
first-rate. Ho always woro, if ho oould
control It hlmsolf, a suit of snuff-colored
oloth or oassitnere, His hair was of a
brown color, vory muoh llko tho tint
ot tho snuff-colored oloth, and so were
his oyos. His lips always looked to me
as If thoy had water on thorn. Ho spoke
with good, fair grammar; and was an
interesting talkor. I had tho clothes
mado up and sent to him to nppoar' at
tho trial. Not long after that a papor
al Richmond published tho names ot
Northorn firms whom nothing must bo
bought from, and ours among the rest.
My partnors oamo to mo and said I had
mado adreadtul mlstako, and must drop
out of tho firm. I said that would suit
mo vory woll Indeed, and I sold out and
wont to Italy."
Oaf or Dread Materials.
Mrs. M. It Franco, laMl.litose.
Earth bread is mado from a white
0arth in Upper Lusatla, formerly a part
of Germany, but now under tho rulo of
Prussia, and tho poor of that rogion uso
this bread in timos ofscarolty. Tho
earth Is dug from a hill whero saltpoter
was onco manufactured. Whon laid in
tho sun until heated, it cracks, and glob
ulos llko moal exudo from It. Thoso are
mixed with a littlo flour, and soon fer
ment, and is thon baked. It Is supposed
that tho saltpeter or soda in this oarth
gives it lightness. Something similar
to it is found in Catalonta.and is also
used for bread. It is affirmed that in
casos of extromo neod, many havo livod
on this broad for woeks without experi
encing any Injury. Soft stonos woro
ground and mado. in o bread in tho lato
f amino in India, to. prolong, ifposslblo,
tho lives of that strlckon people. Fish-
broad is still used in Iceland, Lapland,
Crimoa, Tartary, and othor places far
north. Tho fish is first dried, thon boat-
-ento aflnopowdor; and somotlmcs tho
tho inner bark of somo of tho Iroos ot
that region is mixod with it, and then
wot and mado into bread and cakes.
Moss-bread is manufactured in Icoland
from tho reindoor moss or lichen rangi-
crinus, whloh, toward tho month of Sep
tember, becomes soft, tender, and
damp, with a tasto liko wheat bran.
This moss contains a largo quantity of
starch, and tho Ioolnndors gather it in
tho latter part of tho summor soason,
thoroughly dry it, thon grind Into meal;
and. broad, gruels and pottages aro
mado with ic. Tho want of bottor grain
frequently compols tho poor Icelanders
to bakoa kind of broad from tho seeds
of tho sand-rood, elymtw arenarlus,
which on their shores .aro merely oaten
by tho birds of passage
A Mississippi Steamboat.
An Epitome, of American Clvllliatlon.
III?. A. Maroln ChrUtlan Regit tcr. '
A Missijtippl steamboat ot tho first
class h an epitome of Amorlcan civiliza
tion. Its hold is crowded with all tho
products of the northorn land, and tho
handwerk of the factory, tho workshop
and tho mine. You aro kopt awako by
tho tramp of mulos, tho grant of pigs
and the lowing of cows, and waked up
at early morn by a salute .from tho hon
coop over your head. Tho crow is a
crowd of many oolora. Tho passengers
represent all sorts nnd conditions of this
many-sided multitudo wo call tho Ameri
can peoplo, parceled off in cliques as
distinct as tho mo3t oxolusivo village ot
old Connecticut. Above tho salt aro tho
tobies reserved for tho women and suoh
happy "annoxcB" as can claim tholr
protection, mounting up, rank by rank,
to tho grandeur of tho Captain's big
chair. Below is huddlo a mob of men
in that indiatinguishablo "common
herd" that ourquoer civilization com
pels man unattended by woman, to as.
sumo. Tbo eloct ot tho elect climb up
occasionally to tho pilot-houso to chat
with the monaroh who turns tho wheol.
Below, or in our case above the cabin,
tho African brother and sister find
their colony, or the second-class whito
passenger worries along. It is a
airango 1110 a long aoze, varied by a
spoil of wide awakoness, as the majestio
croaturo that bears yon wheels round
and hoads up stream to her landing.
Our good ship carried two eleotrio lights
at her front, whoso effect at midnight
was something marvolous, flooding a
wholo rogion of country with a tremend
ous illumination tho. bleaohed facos of
tho wonder.strioken peoplo revealed all
secrets in hidden ornors.
SheKfptthe Secret.
Oa ono ot tho exourslons whlo h lo
Staunton in Ootober, 1876, for tho Cen-
A - f 1 J I
luuniai wero iwo passongors, and a
young lady of Rookbrldgo, whoso bright
faco as well as her- bright mind had
mado her as popular in Staunton so
ciety as at homo, and another was a
young gentloman of Staunton, tempor
arily residing in Rookbrldgo, who con
templated shortly romoving to the far
West. They were 1 devoted lovers, and,
as tho sequol will show, tho gentloman
took such a prcoantion against tho lady
changing hor mind during his expected
absence as was insurmountable. Stop
ping in Baltimoro a fow hours tho lady
and gentleman, after the latter had
procured a llcenso, repaired to the resl
donee ol tho Rev. Mr. Murkland, tin
famous Presbyterian minister (tho lad;
being a Presbyterian)., and wero unite'
in wedlock. They then returned to
their rospootivo homes and thero tho
seeret was confided to two of tho
groom's family and a relative in Rloh
mond, tho lady making a.oonfidont ot
one of her family and a devoted mar
ried lady friond. Tho groom went
West to make his fortuno, and will! in
a few dayes return to olalm his wife,
who has all along rotalned her maiden
namo. Though tho marriage took placo
noarly five years ago, and seven per
sons knew it not a word has leaked out
about it until within the, last weok, a
faot that entirely dlsposos of tho as
sertion that "a woman can! I keep a.
soorct," and also a feot that makes
eaoh gossip in Staunton tear his or hoc
h&ir that they didn't find it out In that
length oi time.
COLOSIL ELLSWORTH.
Testimony Of Ciptaln Freak Brownell.
Bjwcfal Thrgram to tan Inter becao. '
WAsniKQTOX, May 20. Twenty
years ago tho first blond shed in dc
fonoo of tho Union was offered up in
Alexandria in tho tdeath.of the gallant
Colonel Ellsworth. With this molan
oholy romlniscenco in hts tntnd, a re
porter to-day dropped in at tho rooms
of Captain Frank T. Brownell, and ro
quostod that gontlomah to glvo his csti
mato of Colonel Ellsworth privato
character, whloh rocontly had beon as
sailed In. several nowspapirs. Captain
Brownell was a friond of tho martyred
Colonel, and was with him when Jack
son fired tho fatal shot.
"Hisprivcto character," sa'.d Captain
Brownoll "Is a subject that has inter
ested mo very much, and I think it
would Interest any ono who bocamo at
all acquainted with it. I havo hero a
school history of tho United States,
published In Baltimoro in 1870, .which
is now in its twelfth odition, and to-day
is'bolngusod in tho schools of the olty
of Alexandria, in whloh it Is stated that
Colonoi Ellsworth was a famous "rough
and circus rider." lean not imagino
whoro tho compllor of this history (?)
got this information. I don't beliovo
if history was soarchod through to find
a lifo to hold .up for tho. emulation of
tho youth of our country, that you would
find a bottor illustration of a truo pat
riot andgontloman than that of Colonol
Ellsworth. I havo hero in my possessi
on a number of his lottors, and, what is
perhaps tho best ovldonco of his char
acter, his privato diary.
With theso words, Captain Brownoll
producod a small book, bound in rod
loathor, with tho United Statos coat of
ot arms stamped in gilt on ltd sides.
Turning over tho leaves, which wero
filod with tho neat, round handwriting
of tbo dead hero, ho road nu morons ox
tracts. It was a conoiso history of tho
dally lifo of tho young soldier .when ho
was a law 'student in Chicago, strug
gling for an honorablo position among
men, living upon bread and water, and
slcoplng upon tho baro floor of his em
ployer's ofilco. Evory lino broathed of
a high and hocor&blo purpose in life,
and pagos wero filed with nffeotlonato
allusions to his aged parents and his
fond hopos for a futuro that would shed
happiness and comfort over tholr de
clining years. Incidents of his llfo
woro chronicled: how on ono occasion,
after living on bread and craokers until
his onorgy drooped for baro food, ho
stopped at the store of an acquaintance,
and, selecting a vory small piooe, of
dried beef, inquired tho prlco, add
ing, to divert attention, that ho some
times felt llko eating a littlo lunehat
tho ofilco. Tho grocer insisted upon
his accepting It as a girt, but ho would
not do so until ho had presented him in
roturn with a dozon cigars. At anothor
timo how, whon tho burdens and strug
gles of his daily lifo had grown almost
too heavy for his strength, ho knolt in
prayor to Him who had promisod rest
to tbo woary and heavy ladon, and rose
up with nerves strengthened for llto's
conflicts. Captain Brownell, king a
lotter from tho loaves of his dJarj)askcd
the reporter to road President Lincoln's
testimony on tho subject. The follow
ing lottor addressed to the parents of
Colonol Ellsworth will bo of general
interest:
"My acquaintance with him began
less than two yoars ago, yot through
tho lattor half of the intervening period
it was as intimate aa the disparity oi
our ages and my engrossing engage
ments would premlt. To me ho ap
peared to havo no Indulgences or- pass
times,, and I novor heard him utter a
profano or intemperate word. 'What
was more conolnsive of his good hoart,
ho nover forgot his parents. The hon
ors ho labored for so laudable, and in
tho snd ond so gallantly gavo his lifc
he meant for them no less thanhim
solt. In tho hopo that it may bo no
intrusion upon tho sacrednoss ot yonr
sorrow, I havo vonturod to address this
lotter to tho memory of my young
friend and your brave and early 'fallen
child. May God glvo you tho consol
ation which is beyond earthly power.
Slnacrely yonr friend in common
affliction. A, Lincomc"
Hew Jefferson Davis left Richmond.
Jodgt nrnWin-mlulicencn befjro th. Southern
llliiorlc.l Atioctatton.
president Davis and his family wero
in their pew that morning. I saw the
soilon bo to that pew iu tho midst of
t servicos and speak to tho President
d the President rotlred from the con-
noHiMrkn T twau nnf rVtnl trt r trnurr waII
nau morning. 1 ion mac someiMng
,was going wrong with our oauso whon
I saw the President withdraw; and this
in rohootlon with tho indisposition re
ferred tooausod me also to. re tiro from
th ohuroh. I repalrod-at once to my
ICdirings.'on Second street, not 'ar from
the residence of Dr Morris, inLlndon
rowT on Frank' In street. Dr. Morris a
brother of our friond, Colonol John D,
Morris, woll known to most of, us pres
ent this oypning was President or gen
era', ruporintendont of the telegraph
linos in tho Confederate States. Ij
modlatoly on roaohlng my lodgings i
met a friend, who asked mo if I had
hear! tho nows. I responded ('No,
what is it?" Ha repliod: "Dr. Morris'
littlo daughter was just over here, and
said that her fathor had just oomo home,
and stated that General Leo had tologr
aphed Presldont Davis that the enemy
bad broken tho Coufedorato lines, that
tho amy would liayo to retire furthor
south, and Rjohuiond would have to bo
evacuated." 1
Tho hours I remained in Richmond
on that molanoholy Sunday, alter levavj
Ing St. Paul's1, were among the saddest
ofmy'llfo. Ifoltihat our cause was
then tho lost cause. Many of the
scones witnessed by mo as I wont to and
fro through the streets ol "that good old
city were hoartrondoring. Tho bad
nows had sp'road with Ughtonlng speed
all ovor town. Having spont much of
the timo during tho war in Richmond,
I had formed many acquaintances
among its nob'o and hospitable citizens;
and am proud to say, somo of thorn be
camo my dearest friends. Tho men
gonerally woro on thostroctc, and largo
numbors of tho ladles stood in the doors
and on steps of their houses, many
bathod in tears and making inquiries and
giving utteranco to woeful disappoint
ment and anguish. About nlghtfaU
I took my soat In a car of tho train at
tho Danvlllo dopot, preparing to start
southward with lis sad and disappointed
human freight. Tho Prostdor.t aad hts
Cablnot wcro on tho samo train. By
this tlrro I had becomo muoh oxhaustod
by tho fatigues of preparation and visits
to attaohod frlonds for tho pnrposo of
'eave-taking, s,ndhad almost suocumbtd
to tho iudifferonoo resulting from tho
irredeemable loss and disappointed
hopes. My follow-passengors, . both
malo and femalo, in tho crowded car;
wero very much in tho samo plight. I
novor know so littlo conversation In
dulged by so largo a numbor of acqnain.
tanccs together, for wo wero noarly all
acquainted with each othor, and I may
say fellow fugitives driven by the same
groat calamity and wrong. Vory few
words woro Interchanged. Sloop soon
ovoroamo most of us., This, I woll
romombor, was my oaso, for I droppod
to sloop boforo tho train startod from
Rlohmond, and was not awaro of its"
departure whon it left. I slept soundly
nearly all tho night through. 1 bolieve
wo did not loavo Richmond until pretty
lato in tho night, and whon day broko
In on us on tho morning of April 3d, wo
we woro somowhoro in tho neighbor
hood of Bushovlllo Junction, probably
betweoa that placo and Roanoko. Wo
stopped at overy station on tho way,
orowds thronging to tho train at each
to mako inquiries, for tho bad news in
this oase preservod its proverbial rep
utation for fast traveling. Everybody
-sought to soo, shako hands with, and
spoakto the President, who maintained
all tho way a bold front, gave no evidence
by word of appoarance of despair,
but spoke all along onoouraglngly to
tho peoplo.
Ice and the Stomach.
Youth'i Companion.
Tho uso of ice as a luxury, in the
form of ioo cream or of icod water, is
becoming moro prevalent in this coun
try. Used in this way they aro gen
erally takon, especially by tho young,
recklessly, without a thought of any
serious, possibly fatal, results that fol-
low.
An aveiage stomach has an immonso
doal to do to digest threo full meals a
day; espeolally when, asisfroq uantly the
caso, it is disturbed and irritated by
food that is indigestible boo auso of its
quality or iU quanlty. Let it bo re
membered that thore is nothing in tho
bodv blood. mnnnlnn. mnmhnn.
t ' . u u. u 4 UUU ,
bono, tendon, nerve, brain, or secre
tionswhich has not come of the
contents of tho stomaoh. Noither is
thero aHhought,afeeling, an emotion, a
volition, or an act, which has not de
rived tho material foroo back ot it from
tho stomach.
Suoh an organ must therefore, be
highly organized. It has countless
arteries, veins, nerves and glands.
It is lined with a delicate mucous mem
brane, as muoh so as tho air-tubes.
It is studded all over with glands
which olaborate and pour into it that
wonderful fluid, gastrio juioe. Its coats
cqnslst of different thin layers of mus
cles arranged crosswise, and these are
.constantly at work giving it that pecul
iar rolling motion by whloh tho food is
thoroughly mixed with tho saliva.
Every organ and muscle when in ac
tion must havo a spoeial supply ot blood.
This is especially truo of tho stomach.
Now, it is the nature of oold to con
trnnt n 1 1 hlnnri.VAnsnla n n ft t
tho blood, and to paralyze, moro or loss,
all nerves. 0 oourso, tho flow of
gastrio Juico is ohooked,and digestion,
is arrested, and tho propor motion of
the stomaoh lntorfered with by aa ice
cold fluid introduced into it.
Furthor, when. the reaction sots in tho
blood-vessols becomo over-distended,
indnoe often a. dbngorouj oongetious,
and an increased thirst, with a demand
lor moro ico-woier, thus inducing a
"vlolous circle.'
From what w havo said, any reader
can seo that ioed water or ico cream,
should not bo takon into tho stomaoh
at tho same timo with food. Serious
consequonces often follow a disregard,
of this physical law.
Tho inhabitants or tho Cafribal Is
lands have discovered trichla in an
American missionary. This & a sad.-,
blow at one of clmtsadinK
exports.
Some females have sheen arrested; in
Kentuoky for tho manufacture of Illicit
whisky. This is tho first reoorded in
stance of a woman keeping still.
Falstaff asks, 'What's honor?" as
ttyugh ft was hard to tell. But lot one
woman' sit behind another in church
and she'll tell what's on her in less
than two minutes.
The heroine of aTeoent novol is quite,
vorsatilo in the crying business. In ono
placo tho asthor says "her oyos wero
suffused with salt tears," while to m,
other ho tolla us that "hor tears flowed '
nlre&h,"
Patti, when sho sinus. ,t .k,
i $3,000 a night.

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