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O, ever changing river, That scckctli the changlcss KA, "AVIicrc arc tlio forms ami faces The years have show to thee. I Glitter of golden hauberk, And silver of swinging sword, "Down dy tlic shallow scurry, And over tlio darkling ford. .And here In tlio femy comer, Where Hie. shadows fall on the spray, ;A vision of weeping woman's eyes, .As her true, love gallops away. Say, didst thou note them, O river, And gnthcr them lip, and Hco To waft them away and to hide them In the soundless depths of the seat Sheen of n prince's armor, And glint of a rusty sword, .And blood-stained faces of fearless men Dying to save their lord. Soldiers and statesmen and courtiers And cold-eyed priests, and a group Of dainty delicate, maidens In powder and patch and hoop. Say, didst thou sec them, 0 river, And gamer their smiles and tears! 3)ld their hearts beat high and falter With old-world hopes and fears! J)ld they look on the deep dark water Where It mirrors the diamond spray, JVnd love and struggle and sutler As wo of this latter day I . .Across tlio gulf of the ages, Where the secrets of silence sleep, Comes a voice-" Ye are sisters and brothers Who love and suffer and weep." Sor the day goes by, and the morrow Comes back as It did of yore, JVnd the love Is the same, and the sorrow Is the sorrow our fathers bore. .As the burden has been, so It shall be Till the kind (Jod liears lis free jDown the stormy waves of the river To the calm of the Infinite sea. TKACTICAL SCIENCE. A New Celluloid. 'This nowprodtict is said to bo obtained :froin well peeled potatoes which aro treated for.tJG hours with a solution of 8 parts sulphuric acid in 100 parts of wat . lir. Tim mass is dried between blotting and then pressed. It is further stated that In Franco smoking pipes aro manufactured out of tills new material which aro qulto equal in appearanco to (l.o ,v,,nr.iihnlim. Ill- llCHVV lirCSSUrO tllO material acquires such a hardness that billiard balls can be manuiacuireu wiiu it. Tlio nine of tho Sky. M. Chappuis thinks that tho bluo of tho sky may uo uue to ozono prusuui, m in tho upper regions of tho nlr. He nrcrnea Hint tho electrical discharges constantly taking placo will produce tfvsnnn nil el tho recent researches of him self nnd Hautefeuillo luivo shown that ozono, at any rate when near its con finnan ttnn iinint. is of bluo tint. lie has examined tho absorption spectrum of ozone and finds nino dark bands in it, thrco nt least of which correspond wltn known bands in tho telluric spectrum .Tho Comparative Anatomy of Locomotlvo Engine. Tn a naner read bv Geonro lhtrnham ...Tr.. at a recent mcetinr of tho Civil 2n"inecrs' Club of Philadelphia, after nnintlnir out tho unnIorv existing no iwnmi animals and machines, both belli, mechanisms to perform useful work lin aimloirr. llOWOVCr. UCIIlir O110 Ol fnnnttnn ami not of form Mr. Hum bam made comparisons of similar parts in ill(V..rint tvnes of locomotive engines. "Tho change from tho early form of boiler with! cylindrical furnaco to the rprcsent form with rectangular flrc-box mas oxplalned as resulting from tho iinnnsskv of Increased irruto area. Late -variations in tlio form of furnace, smoko lmx. and other parts were mentioned, anil tho gradual evolution of tlio present iloxiblo running gear or carrying mecn anlsni of American locomotives, moro especially tlio swing bolster truck was explained. ' A Novel Kind of Wire lloltliiB. TJorr J. .Tnrnllinok. of Hainburg, All stria, has brought out a novel kind of nirlrn linllnn-. which is described US fol Tho wire is wound on spindles, .tlm diameter of which is as small as nrrte tloablo. and is obtained, therefore, ,ju tlio form of a long spiral spring. Bcr 'r.-miik-cr states that tho main point to Tio obsorved in using thcso who coils is tn frlvn them dimensions proportioned -to tho power to bo transmitted, so that while Iloxiblo, they do not suffer undue . nlnniratlnn when in use. Fraction! trials havo proved that tho propor proportion between tenacity and elasticity of thcso coiled wiro strings is obtained when rhn snlndlo. around which it has been -wound, has a diameter eqmil to that of tho wiro. Tho two ends of a string aro linnknd too-other, and each string (tho number varying according to tho power i transmitted) is laid in a groove on tlio millnvs. This method ot transmission is reported to bo cheap and effective. Cooking by Uloctrlclty. Of tho many curious things certain to bo seen at tho forthcoming exhibition of electricity at Paris, not tho least re markablo will bo tlio olectrical cooking range of M. Sallgnac. That ingenious .gentleman Is going to fit up his appa ratus in tho grill room of tho restaurant, and Intends to furnish a great variety of meats which havo been cooked by heat gonoratcd from tlio olectrio current. At tho last Paris Exhibition, M. Mon chot roasted mutton in condensed sun shine, and literally turned bis spit on itho. hearth of tho sun; but an onthusi .astlo admirer might say that M. Salig nao bad-far surpassed this in broiling .steaks by lightning and warming coffee with tho aurora borealls. As a matter of fact, tlio electric current is ns well fitted to producn hoatas it is toproduco .light, and just as electricity will, in all probablL'ly, bo made to yield tlio princi pal nrtlihial liirlrt tho. future, so will ioubtleHij it bo applied to household heating ThoBijrjR machines which llffht Wio tfifosd'ify'Wvht will heat and cook by day, besides performing other duties, such as driving a coffee-mill or ; sowing machine. .Tiling the I'onlllon uud Distance of Object by the Eyes. Tlint persons having tlio uso of one cyo only estimato distances nearly as well as those having two oyes.Cis a wpll "known fact. Whoro a porson has rest ttlio sight of ono oyo, tho power of judg ing by tho other lias to bo acquired. Two things, says Professor Helmholtz, havo lioro to bo taken into account llrst, tho appoaranco of tlio objects in rolatlon to other objects; secondly, tho parallax.of motion. Tho outlines of tho moro distant objects nro always covered by tlioso of tho nearer ones wherothoyoross, and hence thodillloulty of rocognizlng Unit tho imago projected by a convox lens or n concave mirror is nearer to tho observers tlinn llto Ions or tho mirror. Further, tho object pro jecting n shadow on nny surface always lies before that surface. Thcso two tlilncs mako up tho amicaranco of tho objects, nnd they nro rarely overpower ed try outers; lor example, stereoscopic combinations, ns is demonstrated by Dove's psctidoscopc, composed of two regular prisms, nnd showing to eacli oyo a rellccted imago inverted from riirlit to left. The narallax of motion is seen as a shifting of the object, especial ly if it is near, on moving tho head from Bldo to side, or tin nnd down. This cle ment also overpowers tlio stereoscopic combination of tho images of tho two ycs. Tlio "Cry ofTln." If a picco of tin is bent, it emits n sound; tills, bcluir regarded a a prop erty peculiar t tin, lias been termed tho "cry of tin." This phenomenon is explained by tho peculiar crystalline structure of tho metal, lteasonfng that, if tills explanation bo tho true one, then other metals obviously crystalllno in structure should also exhibit tho phe nomenon, J. U. IJouKlns, who records Ids observations in tho Chemical Xcws, heated a piece of rolled zinc for a few minutes to a temperature somewhat below its melting-point, when the mctnl became much less touch, and Its fracture docidedly crystalline. On bending a picco so treated, it emitted a sound wcauer man mat. emitted ny tin, urn 01 tho samo nature Cast-zlne cannot bo bent readily; but if pinched between tho tcctu or wan pliers, it emus mo sound distinct v. Iho conclusion, therefore. is that tho cry of tin Is duo to crystalllno structure, and may bo emitted by zinc nnd probably by other metals when crystalllno in structure. Tho practical application is, that by the sound a metal emits "wo mav draw conclusions as to its texture, and hence its Illness for cer tain purposes, or, by tho sound emitted by n beam when bent, wo may draw conclusions as to its safety, tho micro phone or other nppiiauco neiiig caned in to aid us where tlio sounds aro ex ceedingly weak." Sweet Girl Graduate. "Could I sco tho editor?" she asked, looking around for him, and wondering what was going on under ills tame. Oil! ves, I'm him,1' responded tlio editor, i,'olviug himself, and .slipping a cork into His vest pocuet. " nat can I do for you?" "I am a student at Parker Institute. responded the blushing damsel, "and I havo written a littlo article on 'Our School Davs' which I would like to have published in tho "Hrooklvn Kagle," if you think it good enough." "Ceriainiv, replied uio cuiior, gaz ing in unconscious admiration upon tho beautiful faco before him. "Docs itcom- mence, 'Ourschool davs! how the words llii!ror in sweet cadences on thu strings of memory!1 Is that the way it runs?11 Why. yes, ' responded the ncniiiing girl. "Then it goes on, 'How wo look Forward from them to the time when wo shall look back to them! llow did you know?" "Never mind,11 said the editor, with his engaging stnilo which had endeared varnish, proceeds to tell tho prize pre lilm to the citizens of Hrooklyn. "After varieatlon, and then the hotwo adjourns that conies, 'So sunshiny! So gilded with tho pleasures that make youth hap- dv. thev havo llown into tho immutable past and como to us in after life only as echoes in tho caves of sweet recollec tion.' Isn't that it?" "It certainly is." answered tho nstotv ished girl, radiant with delight, "llow could vou know what I had written?" "Thon It changes irnm mo pianissimo and becomes more tender. " Tho shad ows gather around our path. Tho roses of friendship aro withering, but may wo not hone that t hev will bloom again as wo remember the affection that bound us hero and made' "No. you're wrong there," and tho soft eves looked disappointed. "is it 'nope on, nope everr nsKcu tho editor. . .. ... i "That comes in further on. lou had it noarlv right. It Is 'The dun shadows close around us. Tho llowers of friend ship aro sleeping, but not withered, and will bloom again in the affeetionato re membrance of chains that bound us so llffhtlv.1 11 "Strange mai I snouui navo mauouiai mlHtako." said tlio editor musingly. I never missed on ono before. From thoro it goes. 'Schoolmates, let us llvo so that nil our days shall bo as radicnt as tlioso wo have known here, and may wo pluck happiness from ovcry busii, lorgetting never thntthq thorns aro below tho roses, and pitying those whoso hands aro bruis ed in tlio march through life "That's it!" exclaimed tho delighted girl, And then comes 'Hope on, hope over.' " "Suro's your'o born!" cried the editor blushing wllli pleasure, and unco moro on tho right traeK. J nen n runs, Aim as for vou teachers, dear!1 " "Yes, yes, you aro right," giggled tlio girl, "Iean'tseo how you found mo out. Would you liko to print it?" nnd her faco assumed an anxious snauu. "Certuinlv," responded tho editor. "I'll say it is by tlio most promising young lady ot iirooKiyn, mo daughter oi an esteemed citizen, ami a lady who uns already tauen ingn social ram;." "That finishes tlio school commence monts at ono swoop," sighed tho editor gloomily, as tho fair vision lloatedojut "nmrt. Rnn hnw T imiilit flint lilifmlor about tho shadows and roses and friend. ship. Kither I'm getting old or sorao of thcso gins navo striicKouc something or iginal. Here, Swipes, tell that foreman to put this slush in thu next tax sales sup plement," and tho editor folt In his hair for the cork, and wondered what bad happened to his inoniory. Tho Snrngossa Sea. This is tho name givon to a portion o tlio Atlantic Ocean covered with tho sea weed, Sargassum. Its boundaries ma5 bo indicated by tracing a triangle, ol which tho threo cornors aro represented by tho Azores, tho Canaries and 'Tape do Verde. Within those limits tho sea is clothed on its surfaco with a garment' of vogetablo material, so thick as to re tard tlio progress of vessels through It Steamers avoid it because of tho fouling of thoir screws and puddles by the 6m; but Haillwr-vrssjlK Jrom Ktfromi (Otho West Indies, South Aiiu rlen, thu Capo of Good Hope, Ac, must, pass through it. When Columbus, on his first vov- ago, had got somo distanco to tho west ward of tho Canary Islands, ho was ifmazed to find his ships In what looked like a meadow. As far as ho could seo, tho water was covered with a greonlsh yellow plant as water-lilies cover a pond. This was tho first tlmo such a thing had bcon se'en, and tho sailors wero scar ed. Columbus could not explain tlio sight lie saw, aud might liavo tliought wdh Ids men, that tho weed was tho covering of some dangerous rock which lay u short distanco down, ready to tear and roud them. Thu lead was hove, but no bottom was found. Tlio ships kept on their course, ami in a few days I thoy got clear of tho weed. Sitting Bull's Latest Speech. (lcrmsntoirn TV tcgrspti. Tlio following speech of Sitting Hull has bcon specially translated and report ed by our Indian editor, who is nlso wholesale and retail dealer in deceased languages, and general agent forborne mado Sioux rhetoric nnd tanned Indian eloquence. Now laid Indian laments with bend trimmings. Compiler of novel and desirable styles of war dances. Indlnn cloqiienco furnished to debating clubs and publishers of school readers: Warriors, and war-scarred veterans of tho frontier. Once more tho warpath is overgrown with bunch grass, and tho tomnhawk slumbers In tlio wigwam of thoredmnn. Orlm-vlsnged war lias given place to mo piping times oi pence. ino noi nnd cruel summer is upon us. It has been upon us for some time, The wnll of departed spirits is on tlio night wind, and tlio wall of tho man with the chilblain answers back from tho warrior's wigwam. uniiorcu oi me jorest, wo are icw. Where once tho shrill war-whoop of tho chieftain collected our tribo like the linvn of tlin funwl. 1 nilirlil now veil till tho cows come homo without bring ing a quorum. Wo aro fading nway beioromo marcn of the paleface, and sinking into obliv ion like the snowllake on the bosom ot tho Stinging Water. warriors, i inn uiu i.i-i ui mim race. Wo wcro a race oi ciiieitams. Alas! wo will soon be gone. Tho Hull family will soon pass from tlio face of tlio earth. Olo is gone, John is falling nnd I don't feel very well myself. o are tho victims of the paleface, nnd our lands are taken nway. few moro suns nnd tno civilization and valley tan and hand-made sour mash and horso liniment of thepalefaeo will havo done their deadly work. Our squaws and papooses are scat tered to the four winds of heaven and wo aro left desolate. Where is T he-IJaugliter-oUhe-1 em- pest? Where Is tho Wnll-EycdOlalilen-wilh-the- Peeled-Xosu? Where Is Victoria Kogina Die (.arcla Sitting Hull? Where Is Knoek-kncod Cheiiilloon? Whoro is Swaybaek Sue and Meek-Kycd Government Seeks? They havo sunk beneath thu lire waters of tho goggle-eyed Cnucnssinn. They havo succumbed to tho delirium . . . t, .i .i triangles, aim wnen i can iiiem uiuy come not. They do not hear my voice. Their moans aro hoard upon the still night air, and they cry for revenge. Look at the sad remnant of the family of Sitting Hull, vour chief. One sore- eyed squaw is left alone. Her faco is furrowed o'er with the famine of many winters, and her nose is tlio only ruin of its former greatness. Her moccasins arc worn out, anil the soldier pants she wears are too lou ,,,r "or. ouu, .u, is drunk. Shu is not as drunk as she can get, but she is hopeful and perse vering. Shu has learned to Ho like a white man. She is now an easy, extern poraneous liar. When we gather about tno camp nro aim enaei our uniuiomi lies in the gloaming, Lueretla Horgia Skoiv began bitting Hull, with tho in spiration of six lingers of agency coffin and nothing can be heard but the muf fled tread of the agency corn beef going out to get somo tresh air. Microtia Hortrla is also becoming slovenly. It is evening, aud yet she has not donned her evening dress. nor uaeK nair is unkonint and her front hair is unhung. l'rettv soon 1 will uiko a lomaiiawK aim bang id lor her. tno seems uesponueui. and hopeless. As she leans against tlio trunk of a mighty oak and scratches her back you can .see that her thoughts aro far away. Her other suspender is gone, but she don t care a cold, smooth clam. She is thinking of her childhood days by the banks of thu Minnehaha. Warriors, wo stand In tho moccasins of a mighty nation. Wo represent tlio starving remnant of n once powerful Sioux. Our piroguu stands Idle on the shore I don't know what a piroguu Is, but it stands idly on thu shore. When tlio spring llowers bloom ngaln, and tho grass is green upon tho plains, wo will once moro go upon tho warpath; wo will avenge tho wrongs of our nation. I havo not fully glutted my vengeance. I havo seven or eight more gluts on hand, and will shout our warery once moro and mult Hutu some moro Anglo- Saxons. Wo will silence tho avenging cries of our people; wo will spatter tho green grass and gray greasewoou wan tlio goro of the paleface, and feed tho whilo-livi red emigrants to tlio cuyote; wo .vlll spread death and desolation everywhere, and 111 I tlio air with gum nvM'hous and remains. Let us yield up our lives dearly while wo mash tho palefaces beyond recognition and shoot lis hired man co full of holes that ho will look liko a suspension bridge. Warriors, there is our hunting ground. Tho buffalo, thu antulope, the sage hen nnd the jackass rabbit aro ours; ours to enjoy, ours to perpetuate, ours to trans mit. Tho Great Spirit created tlioso nnlnmls for thu red man. and not for tho billions tourists, between whoso legs tho ehesnut sunlight penetrates clear up to his collar bono. Then wo will rido down on tho regu lar army when ho is thinking of some thin!? else, and wo will scare him into convulsions, and our medicine men will attend tho convulsions whllo wo sample tho supplies. Thon wo will take somo cold-sliced Indian agent anil some bay rum nnd go on a picnic. Warriors, farowoll. Ho virtuous and vou will bo hannv: but vou will bo lone somo sometimes. Think of what I havo said to you about tho council tiro and erovern yourselves accordingly. Wo will not LTiimblo nt celluloid cracker and cast iron codfish ball, but in tho spring wo will havo veal cutlets for breakfast and Poaco Commissioners on toast for dinnor. Tho squaw of Sitting Hull shall havo a now plug liat, and ii tho weather is vcrv severe she shall havo two of them. Warriors, farowoll. I am done; havo spoken. I havo nothing moro to sio semper domino. Plumbago, eryslpe las, in boo eureka, sciatica usufruct, linibergor, go braugh. Safety In tho Water. "Rear Admiral" In the London Tlmei. When I first went to sea at tho ago of 12J years I fell overboard in tho Hay of Hiscay when tho ship was going ton knots with studding sails sot. A heavy sea was running, and tho Captain wrote that ho "had novor known any ono saved under such circumstances." I had been taught to swim at Eton, where I had gained somo profloienoy in diving for chalk eggs. This practleo gives a boy two qualifications to which, under Provldonco. I owe my llfo first, that of not being afraid when under water, being in the habit of swimming about under water looking for tho eggs which had been seattorod; and, second ly, that of trending water, lor wo used to como up with eight or ten eggs, two or thrco being stowed uuder one's arm pits, nnd wo had to retain them all and put them Into a punt or they did not count. My llrst scnsntlott on feeling myself In and under tho wnUr was to force myself in tho customary way to tlio surflico ami then, seeing tho ship sailing away and tho lifeboat apparent ly close to, to try mo "good straight forward breast stroko" recommended bv tho Secretnrv of tlio Swimming As sociation. I -ess than a minute convinc ed mo of my error. My cloth uniform was very heavy, ns it wns mtd-wmter; t wns losing nil my strength, and lining my noso nnd mouth with "spoon drift." I at onco give itup, turned round nnd trod tlio water nslong ns I could and when I could no longer do that, turned on my back and lloatcd, in which posi tion I was picked up by one of two cut ters sent to search for me, ns they had lost sight of mo from the ship. 'I will not take up your spaeo by praising the smartness of tlio ships or speaking of the ollieer, still living, or crew who manned the boat. My only object In writing is to ndd my testimony to that in your issue of to-day, that tho "art of Inking," added to that oi quietly wail ingtreading water and Moating till assistance can reach you, will bo found far moru eiiieaeious man wasting power by swimming. LKK IX TEARS AT APPOMATTOX. CAITAIN MCDON'AMI. When It was known that wo had sur rendered, there was at first some dis satisfaction, but sympathy for Leo soon did away with nil individual sense of humiliation. hen itarrw Mississippi Hrigado of Mahono's Division were in formed of tho surrender, and ordered to cease firing, most of the ollieers uud men refused to obey, declaring that they would never surrender Mahonc went ami expostulated with them, but thev would not listen to him. l'lnallv Lee came and made a personal appeal. For some tlmo oven his authority was disregarded. Many of tiie ollieers and men gathered around him and Implored him not to put upon them siicli disgrace. With tears they begged him to tru.it hiui'-elf to their care, swearing that they could and would carry him through safely, and telling him that once in the mountains he could raNe another army. Hut Lee told them with broken ac cents and witli many tears that he could not break his word; that his honor was involved. Finally ho nsked them if they who had followed him so long and stood bv him so faithfully were ashamed to share his fate. Jhi- appeal they , . . i , could noi resist, though wiiu Heart breaking sobs thev yielded. There' is hardly a doubt that this brigade would have carried Lee out safely had he let them try it. Mahiuie ealle'd them tho "Invineibles." They were often selected for quick nnd des perate work. I will state a single in stance of their valor: At Farinville, when tho Federals made a determined1 effort to break our lines, in the midst of the battle a courier rode up and told Mahono that a part .of the Stonewall Division had given awav, and that thu enemy at this point had penetrated half a mile beyond our right Hank. Mahonu at oueo sped awav like an arrow down tho line. In less than twenty minutes ho returned with Harris' Hrigade, and charging the eneinv In llank with the bayonet killed or captured nearly every one. As soon as the firing ceased many of the Federals eanio into our lines and began to fraternize with the men. In order so carry homo relies of tho sur render, thev swapped Knives or any thing they had for the old plunder of the Lonfederaies. Minio oi mo latter. alive to the situation, having exhausted their stock In trade, went about seekih: to replenish it, and hence there arose quite a bnsK demand lor old papers combs, etc. The Federals seemed overjoyed at tlio issue, and their hearts were nniniiigovcr with kindly feeling. One man, a Colonel, made a speech to a largo crowd of Con federates. Ho was n big-hearted soldier. and with many compliments to Leo and Ids men. seemed to ho trying to take away tlio -sling of defeat from the crest fallen foes. Among other things ho said that tho North loved tlio South, and that tho next President of the United States would bo General Leo. Finally he said: "Wo aro all a band of brothers now," and seemed to pause for a reply. A grim battle-scared vet eran responded in audible tones and wit inn oath: "it i nan you oiu in tno woods bv voursolt I'd brother you." r i - ... ...1.1 1 1.. ! t... i navo nniv to aim. in uuuuiuaiiiii. mm this retreat, which in tho eyes of some rellects somewhat upon thu fa mo of Leo, may yot go down into hbtory as tno in munhaut masterpiece of his genius. Tho wonder H, not thai his army was captured at Appomattox, but that it was not captured long before it readied that point. To suecessiuuv conuuci a ueaien armv. after the stunning defeats at I'o tersburg anil Five Forks, almost as he was surrounded by overwhelming num bers, for eight days, without food and with littlo ammunition, is a feat almost without a para e n military annals And when ho at last resolved to cease tho struggle, It was not with a corporal's guard around nun, mil a gaiiaiu army of 12.000 men. If ho saw lit to iorgo 1,1a nu'n irlni'v- nml to consult, only thu interests of our common country, let us ondeavor to appreciate his magnanimity and givo him that pralso which posterity will certainly accord hira. It Is impossible to estimato tho hero ism of his army on this retrcnt, unless wo consider tho sufferings thoy wero Kiihloct to. and above all tho suH'erinns from hunger. I know of no rations that wore issued after the 5th, except that of oaroliud corn. T lis was to Mahono tnim whllo halting in tho road mule arms. Thoy wero not allowed to stop to eat it, but appeased their hunger as thnv marehed: not irregularly, but by fours, ovcry man in his placo ready for action. lim-liirr tlio wholn loi-rlble retreat Ma bono maintained tho strictest discipline, ii, ...,!, ilirliilnir n hnttlo nvcrv ilav How thu other divisions of Leo's army hnlmvnil In the clos ng of the struggl I am not ablo to speak; but tho conduct of Mahono's men could noi uo sur passed. Drinking In England and on the Conti nciit. , London Timet. Mr. Hoylo nnd his friends havo, after their kindly annual fashion, put tho Hrltlsh Isles to plead at tho bar to tho indictmont for drunkenness. Tho Hrit isli liquor trade replies by drawing Into court In Its train tho chief part of tho Knronean continent. Seven hundred and ten million dollars may sound a vast sum to spend upon drink; but It Is only so much a head. A well-known wluo merchant is uulo to show that tho pro portionato outlay in Franco is a great deal more; yot "wo aro told 'that tho French Is a gobor nation compared with our own." Industrious IJelglum, de corous Norway, would not stand Uio atlthmetlcal test .,,cVtw, iTX? might be demonstrate.. to)b,0J",' anee a nation of contlnuo'"9 i1?",; Tho countrymen of Otitrtrns A. ' , 1" nro Infinitely worse. In wi(7nJ " which reformers of tho coiidi'krti ot 0 working classes point tlio linger' f envy nnd emulation, tho rato of nlcoftyllc consumption nearly doubles that ofKn" land. Tho ndrocatos of temperance nt tempt to answer by repudiating tho di rect signlllcnnco of their favorite statis tics. Thoy urgo that their mission lias succeeded in subtracting a largo part of tho population from tho drinkers. Con sequently, neeording to their present contention, the averages thoy havo been fond of insisting on nro fallacious in their natural state. They require to bo corrected by concentrating them upon tho Intemperate residuum. Kvcti so, however, their adversaries maintain, If continental States bo sober, England Is mora sober. Tho consumption In Franco, which by no menu lioads tho list of lovers of alcohol, is they assert, such that by tho samo standard the Hrit ish nation "might drink half as much again as It now docs and yet bo a sober people." I in Factors of Mexican Fro(,'res. Ilnrpcr'n MniMtlno lor July, In tho progress nnd prosperity of any country there nro several Important fac tors. Chief among these may bo reck oned natural resources, population edu cation and menus of transportation. With the first of these Mexico Is richly endowed. It Is doubtful if any equal area on tho faco of tho globo possesses larger depodles of tho precious metals, or has already produced more of thorn. Her coast lands aro for the most part ex ceedingly fertile, producing In abun dance the best growths of the tropics; but they have an unhealthy climate, and can neVer bo developed fly the labor of white men. Tho interior mav bo described as a vast table hind, elevated from 5,000 to '.1,000 feet abovo the sea, anil possessing a climate favorable, wherever water is found, to all thu crops of the Temperate Xone. Much of it, however, is arid and tndy, nml In the north in particular wa ter is scarce. Hetween these two great itural divisions lie what the Spaniards ill tho temperate lands, where frot and excessive heat are unknown, and hero everything that is grown from New York to Florida will thrive and ield abundantly. lhese temperate lands, consisting of terraces or benches separated by steep lopes and deep valleys, nnd situated as they are for the most part In a eompar- dlvolv narrow belt, are alike a bar to tho existence of navigable streams ami the easy construction of good roads eon neetingthe interior with the coast. Part- froin thiscaue, and partly from thu unprogressivo character of the popula tion or the disturbed Mate ot tho coun try, tho pack saddle and the primitive wagon havo hitherto been tho only means of transportation. This vast ler- itory ot ioo,o) square nilies, with a population estimated at 10,000,000, uiiais in extent our Males u,i ot mo Mississippi iind south of Michigan, while its population hardly exceeds that of New York and Pennsylvania. Two thirds of this population are of pure Li lian blood, the remaining third being either of Spanish descent or of mixed aces. Now, it is evident that any rapid pro gress in. Mexico must come through col onization by some higherand more pro- rossivo race, or by the introduction ot capital in large amounts to develop her natural resources by tho aid ot tho na tive races, who are generally peaceable mil industrious. Yet. in aland with thu cTimato.s of Mexico, where the wants and desires of thenatlves are so limited, it will bo contrary to nil experience else where if thev should become a hard, working people from tho mere desire of accumulation. Under no eircunistanees could much improvement lie looked for without improved means of transporta tion, of which tno lioverimient was well aware, as is shown by tho many llborai ubsidies it lias granted to various rail road enterprises. VKN'TMLOtjL'ISM. Some of tin Trunk Which Vnitrltmiulsti lave l'liinl tin Their lYUow-Mt'u. Intenli'w with l'nif. Owrn Dixon. Who aro tho greatest ventrilo oulsts?" Well, mero was an oiu Athenian named Kurykles, who is spoken of in history ns master of tho art. Then there were 'Professor Alexandre and Louis Hrabout, of modern times. Thoy wero both Frenchmen. Hrabout lived in the fourteenth century, I believe, and was lid to be tho best ventriloquist tlio world over knew. Alexandre lived at an earliar period, and was noted more for ids mimetic representations than for lis veutriloutial powers. frotessor Love, of Kuglaud, was celebrated in tho irt, anil was rivaled by Professor liar ington, who died yesterday in lie vein, Mass. Of tlioso living to-dav, Frederick McCabo and K. 1). Da vies aro tho great est. Davies is now retired in Australia, and McCabo lias recently signed a eon tract to go there the present season. Davies was tlio first ventriloquist to In trodueo 'figures as and assistant to the art In America. "McCabo was a great practical joker, Several years ago ho was on board u Mississippi river steamboat, and, form ing nu acquaintance with tho engineer, was allowed tho freedom of the engine room. Ho took a seat in a corner and pulling his Vnt down over his eyes, ap poured lost In rovcrio. Presently a cor tain part of tho machinery began to squeak. Thu engineer oiled it and went about his usual iimics. in me cmir.su of a few minutes tho squeaking was heard again, and tho engineer rushed over, oil can in hand, to lubricate tho samo spindle. Again bo returned to his post, bin li was on ly a low mmiucs un til tho samo old splmllo wns sneakiii' loudor than ever. 'Groat Jupiter!1 ho yelled, 'tho thing's bewitched.1 Moro OH was auuimisieruii, out uiu engineer began to smell a rat. rreity soon tho spfiidlo squeaked again, nnd slipping up behind Mcuaoo, mo engineer squirieu u half-pint of oil down tho joker's back. 'Tlicro,1 said ho, I guess that spindle won1 1 squeak any moro!' Tho joko was so good that McCabo could not keep it, and ho often tells it with ns much relish ns his auditors receive it. "At anothor tlmo McCabo was con fronted by a highwayman, on ono of tho lonely stroots of Cincinnati, as ho was returning to Ids hotel from a moon light picnlo. Tho robber presented a CMckcd rovolvor to tho ventriloquist's head, demanding Ids monoy or his llfo. MoCabo's milck wit saved him. Ho throw his volco behind tho robber ox olalmlngi 'Hold, villain, you aro my prisoner!1 Tho frightened scamp turned Ids head, and McCabo dealt him a blow that fulled him to tho ground. Ho then scoured the rovolvor and marched tho scoundrel to a police station, "Louis Hrabout, tho French vontrib- nulst. was a so a great okor. The j story is told of him that ho fell in love with n beautiful young novltlato who was soon to tnko tho veil. Tho senti ment wns returned, nnd Itrnbout ar ranged for nu elopement. Ills Inamor ata succeeded in getting outside tlio convent wnll, and tlio two hurried nway in llin li.iMaf. tt n Miitrvl.lmf.nr i.t.iat : holv ti I. in was awaknnnd and re- ... . ----------- nuestei, , ,w mnnrm mo marriage cere- mony. 1 'fHni was a iniiig to oo expected, but -,,r,J'"' wn? 0( cunning for the old man. n hou Jio said 'no!1 11m ... i - ...'. -,. . most cmphotlcolly, t? ml was about to rnlso n commotion nnd have! tho novi tiate returned to tho clofator, a deep sepulchral voice was heard eo.ming from the bowels of tho earth. It sah!: "I mn thy father, and am still ill tor ment. Marry this couple to each other, and my probation in purgatory will bo over.1 "The frightened priest called upon all the saints to protect him, and pro ceeded to perform that ceremony with greater alacrity than he had over shown on similar occasions." "Do you ever play Jokes?" "Not often. 1 nm not given to such sport as a general thing, but occasion ally amuse myself at the expense of olliers. Last 'year I was traveling with a musical combination. One day while riding on tho ears I throw my volco Into a covered basket, and set up n furious barking like a dog. The lady beside whom the basket was sitting gave a scream and bounded mtt of the seat. Then I made a cat join in with the row, and abrakemancame running pell-mell to quiet the disturbance. Ho jerked the lid oil' the basket aud found nothing but a lot of delicious peaches thu lady was taking home. The crowd was con siderably mystified. Then I set n bumble-bee iiuzlng about thu br.ikeman's cars and he retreated. A gentleman who was standing near heard a wolf growl so ferociously behind him that ho jumped about two feet high. Then tlio ladv was made to believe t lint a mouse's nest had found lodgment in her pocket. and the circus was complete. Hut I don't believe much In such capers. and generally lorego the tun 1 might have f I felt disposed. Hlslorr of tho Wiishlneloii Miuiiimeut. Ilittimur.' Sun. Ill 1 till Congress look .-tops to erect it Washington, then become the seat of 'overnment, a marble monument, under which the remains of Washington, who died on December 1 -1th of that year, were to be deposited. A touching and patriotic letter of his widow assented to their removal from the vault at Mount Vernon. Tho following year, when the country was Mill mourning the loss of Its greatest soldier and tho lirM. I'reii- dent of the Republic, the llouo of Rep resentatives agreed to appropriate si'im,. 000 toward the proposed monument, but the resolution coining before the Senate too late to be acted upon fell through. From that time until 182 1 no further action was taken, but, in thu latter year, a futile attempt was made to curry out the resolution of 17HD. In WVJ, tho centenary anniversary of Wasliltigton's birthday, a committee of Congrers recommended measures to carry out the resolution of lTUti. The resolution passed the Senate, and would have been adopted by tho House, but was abandoned there" when it became known that .ludgo Washington, then the owner of Mount Vernon, refused to allow the remains to be removed. Tho following year (1S;;) a voluntary asso ciation was organized at Washington to do what t engross tor a whole genera tion hud fulled to do. After a variety of delays and vicissitudes thuMoniiment Association in lH.V.i is-ucd a stirring ud-div-s to the people, and appointed agents in all the States to .solicit and re ceive contributions. In this way a con siderable sum of money was obtained, and the work on tho monument went on, though slowly. The war broke out in l.SOl. All further progress in build ing ceased, and the Association used but faint efforts to collect more money until 1871, when another and more com prehensive appeal was mado to individ uals, corporations, Slates, municipali ties and churches, though with but com paratively littlo etl'ect. In 1872 tho familiar resolution appropriating S'.'OO, 000 to tho monument wns ollered in Congress, but it met with as littlo suc cess as on previous occasions. Nothing further was done until 1870, when final ly Congress, by a supreme efi'ort. agreed to assume and'direct tho completion of tho monument, nnd appropriated nt lust, us the first Installment toward the work, tho $200,000 so often asked for ami so often refused before. Thus ends triumphantly nt last, after tho lapse of more than three-quarters of a century, the struggle to build a monument to Washington at thu national capital. Two-and-a-half-dollar Christians. t.oiilvlllu ClirUtlun oli,-m-r, There aro a great many peoph, their religion that remind mo of "Uncle Phil," a pious old darkey of tho old times In texas. Well, Phil was a fer vent Christian, with a great gift of pravcr. Hu attended all the Saturday night prayerinectlngs on tho neighboring plantations, aud could pray louder and longer than any of the brethren. Hut Phil had ono weakness ho dearly loved money, and, different from thu negro generally, ho loved to hoard it. Near by us lived a man who, not troubled about nny scruples, would pay Phil a dollar to work on his field on Sundays. Ono Sunday night, as Phil camo homo after dark, I accosted him with: "Whoro havo you been, Phil?" "Oh, just knocking about, massa." '.You havo been working for Miller." "Well, you sco, massa, tho old fellow is In needs, and ho jest showed mo a silver dollar, and I jest couldn't stand it." "Ain't you afraid tho devil will get you for breaking tho sabbath?" Phil scratched his head a minute and said: "I guess tlio Lord'll 'scttso mo, mas sa." "No. Ho says, Hemonibor tho Sab bath day and keep it holy." Phil went off looking pretty sober, and it was not long before I hoard his volco in fervent prayer back of tho barn. and so I thought I would slip down near enough to hear.11 "Oh, Lord!" I heard him say, "I havo this day ripped and toured, cussed and swoarcd at them confounded oxen of Millur s, and jest broku the Sabbath day. Oh, Lord, please forgive me, lor you know i s nothing but a miserable heathen anyhow. If you'll jcstforglvo mo this tlmo I'll novor do it again a ns long as t live, 'coining ho givo mo $2, fit) a ilav." At tills point I wns obliged to beat a hasty retreat, but I am thinking that poor Undo Phil isn't tho only $2.50 unrisiiiiu in this worm A Provldonco school conmilttumun, addressing a primary school, talks about hornets, "uiu any oi you over seo a liornet?" Up wont a littlo girl's hand. "iVhoro did you oversee a hornet P" In tho country, on a coiv; you know a cow's horns' and on horns' and on tlio cutis oi mo Uirus tiro tho hornets." DOMESTIC RECIPES. GrNOEit S.VAi's. Holl togcthor ono pint of molasses and tcacupful of IrnU tor; let it stand till cool: ndd two tablo spoonftils of ginger nnd ono tcaspoon ful of soda, llour to roll. Hako quick, In thin rounds, on a fiat sheet. Cookino Spinach. When cooking spinach, substitute a littlo picco of bacon for the salt pork usually cooked with it to season it. Tho nicest way to servo it is to put it in Individual vegetable dishes, and nut a bit of tho bacon in each dish. Hard boiled eggs, sliced when cold, nro also liked with tho greens. Hiit'iiAtit) Taut, Lino a plo-plntu with good paste nnd bake it with a till ing of uncooked rtVo or of linen rags. When dono remove tho filling and put in the rhubarb already stowed and sweetened nnd llavored with a littlo lemon juice and peel. Instead of put ting on n whole top crust, twist somo strips of tho dough or pa-tu and lay three of them across the jilo from edge to edge at wide Intervals. Then lay three more strips oyer the llrst threo so that they cross llient in cheeker-boanl pattern." Arrange Iho oven so that tho top nnd not thu bottom will bake. Hrown the strips slightly and quickly. Serve with n pitcher of cream. Macaikios's. -Half a pound of al monds, half of sifted loaf sugar, tho whites of threo eggs, wafer paper. Hlaueli, skin and dry tho almonds, nml pound them well with a little orange llower water; add to them the sifted sugar and whites of the eggs, which should bo beaten to a still' froth, and mivall the Ingredients well together. When the paste lookes soft, drop It at equal distances from a biscuit syringe on to sheets of wafer paper; put a strip of almond on the top of each; strew some sugar over anil bake in a slow oven to a light brown color. Do not let them get too brown. If the cakes appear heavy add a little more egg. Tho (.'null Hands. When 1 was n boy, I once became especially interested' in the .subject of inheritances:. I was particularly anx ious to know what my father's inheri tance was, tut one day, after thinking about the matter a good while very .ser iously, I ventured to ask him, ami this was his reply: "My inheritance I will tell vou wha't it was. Two good hands and an honest purpose to make the best use In my power of my hands and of the tlme'tiod gave." 'Though It Is now many years .since, I can remember dis tinctly the tones of my father'-- voice ns lie spiike, with both o'f his hands lifted up to give cmphuis to his words. .Many a boy does not receive a largo. Inheritance of money or lands, hut every one has a pair of good hands which are better than thousands of money. And tho good purpose to mako the best Use of them is in every boy's power, ltomeiiiber this wise injunction, "Whatsoever thy hand lltuleth to do, do it with thv might." "Is your wife a Democrat or a ltepnb llean,''1 asked one cltien to another, in a store, recently. "She's neither," wns the prompt rospoiie, and then, glanc ing cautiously around, and .sinking his voice to a hour-u whisper, he exclaimed, "She's a Home ltuler1 wo.-is:etrM. bmhmlaiji rv or Tin: iti:ovi:i.i!i:in- I'lic .Vonlit 4'iirul!v' Siii-itks oI'IIk- Ai V Voia Iriiiu Uiu lN'ople. No mnlli'hie Intrmliii i'il to tho nubile lu over ini't with Hie Mim'.si ni'i'iirih'il tn Hup Hitters. It t:unls IimI.iv Hie best kiiiiun curative nrtlclo In the Mnrlit. Its marvelous renoivii Is not ihie to Hie in 1 vt-rt I.- 1 1 1 ir It has riri'lvi'il. II Is famous hv riMMin of lis lulu-rent virtues. It il.x"! nil I fiat Is I'lalincit fur It. It Is the most nvi-rful, i-,ceily nml effective itjrent klinwn fur the hultil hu; up of iMillltaliil Mslems. The fullou'lng witnesses are nllcrcd to prove this; Wlitif II 11I liir mi Ohl I.iiiJy. fWnWoii Stittitm, X. )'., Dee. !JS, l7j!. (."fill A number of neonte hail Ihtii urine your Hitters here, ami with m.ukiil effect. In iaet, one eae, u lady of over cevcnty years, had lieeii rick fur j ears, anil fur the p.it ten years I have kiiuu n tier t-lio has nut been uhlu to bo uroiniil half the time. About i-lv month iitfo she is it mi feeble die was helpless. Her old remedies, or physicians belns; ot no avail, I pent to l)eKisft, "forty-live mile, ami nut a bot tle of Hon Hitter. 'It hail siu-h a very benefi cial effect on her that one Mile Improved her fit she was able to dress herself and walk nlKiut thu house. When she hail taken the sec ond tHittle she was able to take euro of her own riMim nml walUouttoliernelu'hlMir s.and has lm nroveil all thu time sinc e. Mv wife ami children nlsohave derived great benellt from their use. . II. ll.Vl IIAU . Y, Au't. U. S. Ex. Co. a i:.Tiii si,tsrn:i: .ioitsi .iu::vr. f.Wii, A". 7A, July U, 1S7!. ficiilx Whoever vim are. 1 don't know: lml I thank the I.nnl anil fcciirrateful toynii to know that in this world ot adulterated medicines thcra is one compound that proves mid docs all It ad vertises to do. and more, l'our years niro I had n slight shock of palsy, which unnerved mo to such an exiem ui.u uie icasi exeiieiuem hiiuiu make me shake Hue thu mnic. Last .Mav 1 was induced to try Hop Hitters. I used one Isittle, tint did not see any iliaiiL'e; another did so chance inv nerves that they are now us steady as thev ever were. It Used to take both my hands'to write, but now my guod rkrht hand W111C1WI1S. .sill!, II .11111 l-WllllllllU III IlllllllllilU- ture s honest mid psl an article ns you do, vou will aiTiiiuulati) nu honest fortune, nml con fer tho greatest blessing on your fellow-men that wns ever conferred on mankind. Tl.M ilUMJU. A IIiihIiiiiiiI'm 'JVsliiiiny. Mv wife was troubled fur years Mlth blotches. moth patches nnd plmpleson her face, which nearly annoyed the life out of her. Mho spent many dollars on tnu inousanu iniaiiiiiio (l cures, with nothing but Injurious effects. A ladv friend, of Syracuse, N. V., who had had similar exiierlcncc nml hud been cured with Hop Hitlers, Induced her to try It. Ono Isittlo hns made her face ns smooth, fair mid soft ns a hllil's nnd iriveu her eucli Health tliat it teems almost a miracle. A Mnuiica or lmsaman 1'aiiliame.nt. A Iticli I.mly'H i:itI-iio. T traveled all over l-.urune and other forelcn countries Ht ft cost of thousands of dollars In search of health nnd found it not. I returned discouraged nnd disheartened, nml was restored to real vniitlmil health and spirits with less then two bottles of Hon Hitters. I Iiohi others may prollt by my cxiierlcnee uud stav nt home. - , i i,v- iirnnST i n.. 4 J..IUI, aUVIUQl.il .HE.. Cletflmil, OhU, Oct. !M, 1ST0. Mv better half Is llrmlv Impressed with tho Idea that vour Hop Hitters Is the essential llilnir to make llfo hnppv. 8ho has ucd several bot tles, mid I would like to have you send ino a dozen nt lowest price. li. lurr-i cccrciary l'lalu Dealer Co. RmlnanM, III, Sept. 8, 1879. ficnls I have liocn taking your Hop Hitters and received great help from them. I will givo vou my name us one of tho cured 6Uffercrs. 3 yours, Mas. MAIty F. STA1UI. (Irtmult, -Vto., Nov. 3, 1879. My daughter, now a young mother, Is using your Hup Hitters, mid Is generally pleased with (tie benellclal effects on herself nnd child. 1). I). MOOHE, Froprletor Auj AuhM. Saiukrton, J'n., Nov. 0, 1879. Pear Sir 1 havo used four bottles ot your Hop Hitters, mid they have dono mo good nnd cured mo. 1 had dlarrhiiM, dyspepsia, and chronic Inflnmnuitiou ot tho bowels, and waft Biddy la tlio head nnd nervous. iWimtf, 0ito, Fob. 2, 1SS0. Hor HinrnaCo. i I have used two iHittles of Hop Hitter la my family, ami think them tlio In-it ever made. ' GEO. W, l'OTTKlt Banker.