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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, July 29, 1881, Image 3

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061416/1881-07-29/ed-1/seq-3/

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O, ever changing river,
That scckctli the changlcss KA,
"AVIicrc arc tlio forms ami faces
The years have show to thee. I
Glitter of golden hauberk,
And silver of swinging sword,
"Down dy tlic shallow scurry,
And over tlio darkling ford.
.And here In tlio femy comer,
Where Hie. shadows fall on the spray,
;A vision of weeping woman's eyes,
.As her true, love gallops away.
Say, didst thou note them, O river,
And gnthcr them lip, and Hco
To waft them away and to hide them
In the soundless depths of the seat
Sheen of n prince's armor,
And glint of a rusty sword,
.And blood-stained faces of fearless men
Dying to save their lord.
Soldiers and statesmen and courtiers
And cold-eyed priests, and a group
Of dainty delicate, maidens
In powder and patch and hoop.
Say, didst thou sec them, 0 river,
And gamer their smiles and tears!
3)ld their hearts beat high and falter
With old-world hopes and fears!
J)ld they look on the deep dark water
Where It mirrors the diamond spray,
JVnd love and struggle and sutler
As wo of this latter day I
.
.Across tlio gulf of the ages,
Where the secrets of silence sleep,
Comes a voice-" Ye are sisters and brothers
Who love and suffer and weep."
Sor the day goes by, and the morrow
Comes back as It did of yore,
JVnd the love Is the same, and the sorrow
Is the sorrow our fathers bore.
.As the burden has been, so It shall be
Till the kind (Jod liears lis free
jDown the stormy waves of the river
To the calm of the Infinite sea.
TKACTICAL SCIENCE.
A New Celluloid.
'This nowprodtict is said to bo obtained
:froin well peeled potatoes which aro
treated for.tJG hours with a solution of 8
parts sulphuric acid in 100 parts of wat
. lir. Tim mass is dried between blotting
and then pressed. It is further
stated that In Franco smoking pipes aro
manufactured out of tills new material
which aro qulto equal in appearanco to
(l.o ,v,,nr.iihnlim. Ill- llCHVV lirCSSUrO tllO
material acquires such a hardness that
billiard balls can be manuiacuireu wiiu
it.
Tlio nine of tho Sky.
M. Chappuis thinks that tho bluo of
tho sky may uo uue to ozono prusuui, m
in tho upper regions of tho nlr. He
nrcrnea Hint tho electrical discharges
constantly taking placo will produce
tfvsnnn nil el tho recent researches of him
self nnd Hautefeuillo luivo shown that
ozono, at any rate when near its con
finnan ttnn iinint. is of bluo tint. lie has
examined tho absorption spectrum of
ozone and finds nino dark bands in it,
thrco nt least of which correspond wltn
known bands in tho telluric spectrum
.Tho Comparative Anatomy of Locomotlvo
Engine.
Tn a naner read bv Geonro lhtrnham
...Tr.. at a recent mcetinr of tho Civil
2n"inecrs' Club of Philadelphia, after
nnintlnir out tho unnIorv existing no
iwnmi animals and machines, both belli,
mechanisms to perform useful work
lin aimloirr. llOWOVCr. UCIIlir O110 Ol
fnnnttnn ami not of form Mr. Hum
bam made comparisons of similar parts
in ill(V..rint tvnes of locomotive engines.
"Tho change from tho early form of
boiler with! cylindrical furnaco to the
rprcsent form with rectangular flrc-box
mas oxplalned as resulting from tho
iinnnsskv of Increased irruto area. Late
-variations in tlio form of furnace, smoko
lmx. and other parts were mentioned,
anil tho gradual evolution of tlio present
iloxiblo running gear or carrying mecn
anlsni of American locomotives, moro
especially tlio swing bolster truck was
explained.
' A Novel Kind of Wire lloltliiB.
TJorr J. .Tnrnllinok. of Hainburg, All
stria, has brought out a novel kind of
nirlrn linllnn-. which is described US fol
Tho wire is wound on spindles,
.tlm diameter of which is as small as
nrrte tloablo. and is obtained, therefore,
,ju tlio form of a long spiral spring. Bcr
'r.-miik-cr states that tho main point to
Tio obsorved in using thcso who coils is
tn frlvn them dimensions proportioned
-to tho power to bo transmitted, so that
while Iloxiblo, they do not suffer undue
. nlnniratlnn when in use. Fraction! trials
havo proved that tho propor proportion
between tenacity and elasticity of thcso
coiled wiro strings is obtained when
rhn snlndlo. around which it has been
-wound, has a diameter eqmil to that of
tho wiro. Tho two ends of a string aro
linnknd too-other, and each string (tho
number varying according to tho power
i transmitted) is laid in a groove on tlio
millnvs. This method ot transmission
is reported to bo cheap and effective.
Cooking by Uloctrlclty.
Of tho many curious things certain to
bo seen at tho forthcoming exhibition of
electricity at Paris, not tho least re
markablo will bo tlio olectrical cooking
range of M. Sallgnac. That ingenious
.gentleman Is going to fit up his appa
ratus in tho grill room of tho restaurant,
and Intends to furnish a great variety of
meats which havo been cooked by heat
gonoratcd from tlio olectrio current.
At tho last Paris Exhibition, M. Mon
chot roasted mutton in condensed sun
shine, and literally turned bis spit on
itho. hearth of tho sun; but an onthusi
.astlo admirer might say that M. Salig
nao bad-far surpassed this in broiling
.steaks by lightning and warming coffee
with tho aurora borealls. As a matter
of fact, tlio electric current is ns well
fitted to producn hoatas it is toproduco
.light, and just as electricity will, in all
probablL'ly, bo made to yield tlio princi
pal nrtlihial liirlrt tho. future, so will
ioubtleHij it bo applied to household
heating ThoBijrjR machines which
llffht Wio tfifosd'ify'Wvht will heat and
cook by day, besides performing other
duties, such as driving a coffee-mill or
; sowing machine.
.Tiling the I'onlllon uud Distance of Object
by the Eyes.
Tlint persons having tlio uso of one
cyo only estimato distances nearly as
well as those having two oyes.Cis a wpll
"known fact. Whoro a porson has rest
ttlio sight of ono oyo, tho power of judg
ing by tho other lias to bo acquired.
Two things, says Professor Helmholtz,
havo lioro to bo taken into account
llrst, tho appoaranco of tlio objects in
rolatlon to other objects; secondly, tho
parallax.of motion. Tho outlines of
tho moro distant objects nro always
covered by tlioso of tho nearer ones
wherothoyoross, and hence thodillloulty
of rocognizlng Unit tho imago projected
by a convox lens or n concave mirror is
nearer to tho observers tlinn llto Ions
or tho mirror. Further, tho object pro
jecting n shadow on nny surface always
lies before that surface. Thcso two
tlilncs mako up tho amicaranco of tho
objects, nnd they nro rarely overpower
ed try outers; lor example, stereoscopic
combinations, ns is demonstrated by
Dove's psctidoscopc, composed of two
regular prisms, nnd showing to eacli
oyo a rellccted imago inverted from
riirlit to left. The narallax of motion is
seen as a shifting of the object, especial
ly if it is near, on moving tho head from
Bldo to side, or tin nnd down. This cle
ment also overpowers tlio stereoscopic
combination of tho images of tho two
ycs.
Tlio "Cry ofTln."
If a picco of tin is bent, it emits n
sound; tills, bcluir regarded a a prop
erty peculiar t tin, lias been termed
tho "cry of tin." This phenomenon is
explained by tho peculiar crystalline
structure of tho metal, lteasonfng that,
if tills explanation bo tho true one, then
other metals obviously crystalllno in
structure should also exhibit tho phe
nomenon, J. U. IJouKlns, who records
Ids observations in tho Chemical Xcws,
heated a piece of rolled zinc for a few
minutes to a temperature somewhat
below its melting-point, when the mctnl
became much less touch, and Its fracture
docidedly crystalline. On bending a
picco so treated, it emitted a sound
wcauer man mat. emitted ny tin, urn 01
tho samo nature Cast-zlne cannot bo
bent readily; but if pinched between tho
tcctu or wan pliers, it emus mo sound
distinct v. Iho conclusion, therefore.
is that tho cry of tin Is duo to crystalllno
structure, and may bo emitted by zinc
nnd probably by other metals when
crystalllno in structure. Tho practical
application is, that by the sound a metal
emits "wo mav draw conclusions as to
its texture, and hence its Illness for cer
tain purposes, or, by tho sound emitted
by n beam when bent, wo may draw
conclusions as to its safety, tho micro
phone or other nppiiauco neiiig caned
in to aid us where tlio sounds aro ex
ceedingly weak."
Sweet Girl Graduate.
"Could I sco tho editor?" she asked,
looking around for him, and wondering
what was going on under ills tame.
Oil! ves, I'm him,1' responded tlio
editor, i,'olviug himself, and .slipping a
cork into His vest pocuet. " nat can
I do for you?"
"I am a student at Parker Institute.
responded the blushing damsel, "and I
havo written a littlo article on 'Our
School Davs' which I would like to have
published in tho "Hrooklvn Kagle," if
you think it good enough."
"Ceriainiv, replied uio cuiior, gaz
ing in unconscious admiration upon tho
beautiful faco before him. "Docs itcom-
mence, 'Ourschool davs! how the words
llii!ror in sweet cadences on thu strings
of memory!1 Is that the way it runs?11
Why. yes, ' responded the ncniiiing
girl. "Then it goes on, 'How wo look
Forward from them to the time when wo
shall look back to them! llow did you
know?"
"Never mind,11 said the editor, with
his engaging stnilo which had endeared varnish, proceeds to tell tho prize pre
lilm to the citizens of Hrooklyn. "After varieatlon, and then the hotwo adjourns
that conies, 'So sunshiny! So gilded
with tho pleasures that make youth hap-
dv. thev havo llown into tho immutable
past and como to us in after life only as
echoes in tho caves of sweet recollec
tion.' Isn't that it?"
"It certainly is." answered tho nstotv
ished girl, radiant with delight, "llow
could vou know what I had written?"
"Thon It changes irnm mo pianissimo
and becomes more tender. " Tho shad
ows gather around our path. Tho roses
of friendship aro withering, but may wo
not hone that t hev will bloom again as
wo remember the affection that bound
us hero and made'
"No. you're wrong there," and tho
soft eves looked disappointed.
"is it 'nope on, nope everr nsKcu
tho editor.
. .. ... i
"That comes in further on. lou had
it noarlv right. It Is 'The dun shadows
close around us. Tho llowers of friend
ship aro sleeping, but not withered, and
will bloom again in the affeetionato re
membrance of chains that bound us so
llffhtlv.1 11
"Strange mai I snouui navo mauouiai
mlHtako." said tlio editor musingly. I
never missed on ono before. From thoro
it goes. 'Schoolmates, let us llvo so that
nil our days shall bo as radicnt as tlioso
wo have known here, and may wo pluck
happiness from ovcry busii, lorgetting
never thntthq thorns aro below tho roses,
and pitying those whoso hands aro bruis
ed in tlio march through life
"That's it!" exclaimed tho delighted
girl, And then comes 'Hope on, hope
over.' "
"Suro's your'o born!" cried the editor
blushing wllli pleasure, and unco moro
on tho right traeK. J nen n runs, Aim
as for vou teachers, dear!1 "
"Yes, yes, you aro right," giggled tlio
girl, "Iean'tseo how you found mo out.
Would you liko to print it?" nnd her faco
assumed an anxious snauu.
"Certuinlv," responded tho editor.
"I'll say it is by tlio most promising
young lady ot iirooKiyn, mo daughter
oi an esteemed citizen, ami a lady who
uns already tauen ingn social ram;."
"That finishes tlio school commence
monts at ono swoop," sighed tho editor
gloomily, as tho fair vision lloatedojut
"nmrt. Rnn hnw T imiilit flint lilifmlor
about tho shadows and roses and friend.
ship. Kither I'm getting old or sorao of
thcso gins navo striicKouc something or
iginal. Here, Swipes, tell that foreman
to put this slush in thu next tax sales sup
plement," and tho editor folt In his hair
for the cork, and wondered what bad
happened to his inoniory.
Tho Snrngossa Sea.
This is tho name givon to a portion o
tlio Atlantic Ocean covered with tho sea
weed, Sargassum. Its boundaries ma5
bo indicated by tracing a triangle, ol
which tho threo cornors aro represented
by tho Azores, tho Canaries and 'Tape
do Verde. Within those limits tho sea
is clothed on its surfaco with a garment'
of vogetablo material, so thick as to re
tard tlio progress of vessels through It
Steamers avoid it because of tho fouling
of thoir screws and puddles by the 6m;
but Haillwr-vrssjlK Jrom Ktfromi (Otho
West Indies, South Aiiu rlen, thu Capo
of Good Hope, Ac, must, pass through
it. When Columbus, on his first vov-
ago, had got somo distanco to tho west
ward of tho Canary Islands, ho was
ifmazed to find his ships In what looked
like a meadow. As far as ho could seo,
tho water was covered with a greonlsh
yellow plant as water-lilies cover a pond.
This was tho first tlmo such a thing had
bcon se'en, and tho sailors wero scar
ed. Columbus could not explain tlio
sight lie saw, aud might liavo tliought
wdh Ids men, that tho weed was tho
covering of some dangerous rock which
lay u short distanco down, ready to tear
and roud them. Thu lead was hove,
but no bottom was found. Tlio ships
kept on their course, ami in a few days
I thoy got clear of tho weed.
Sitting Bull's Latest Speech.
(lcrmsntoirn TV tcgrspti.
Tlio following speech of Sitting Hull
has bcon specially translated and report
ed by our Indian editor, who is nlso
wholesale and retail dealer in deceased
languages, and general agent forborne
mado Sioux rhetoric nnd tanned Indian
eloquence. Now laid Indian laments
with bend trimmings. Compiler of
novel and desirable styles of war dances.
Indlnn cloqiienco furnished to debating
clubs and publishers of school readers:
Warriors, and war-scarred veterans
of tho frontier.
Once more tho warpath is overgrown
with bunch grass, and tho tomnhawk
slumbers In tlio wigwam of thoredmnn.
Orlm-vlsnged war lias given place to
mo piping times oi pence. ino noi
nnd cruel summer is upon us. It has
been upon us for some time,
The wnll of departed spirits is on tlio
night wind, and tlio wall of tho man
with the chilblain answers back from
tho warrior's wigwam.
uniiorcu oi me jorest, wo are icw.
Where once tho shrill war-whoop of tho
chieftain collected our tribo like the
linvn of tlin funwl. 1 nilirlil now veil
till tho cows come homo without bring
ing a quorum.
Wo aro fading nway beioromo marcn
of the paleface, and sinking into obliv
ion like the snowllake on the bosom ot
tho Stinging Water.
warriors, i inn uiu i.i-i ui mim
race. Wo wcro a race oi ciiieitams.
Alas! wo will soon be gone. Tho Hull
family will soon pass from tlio face of
tlio earth. Olo is gone, John is falling
nnd I don't feel very well myself. o
are tho victims of the paleface, nnd our
lands are taken nway.
few moro suns nnd tno civilization
and valley tan and hand-made sour
mash and horso liniment of thepalefaeo
will havo done their deadly work.
Our squaws and papooses are scat
tered to the four winds of heaven and
wo aro left desolate.
Where is T he-IJaugliter-oUhe-1 em-
pest? Where Is tho Wnll-EycdOlalilen-wilh-the-
Peeled-Xosu?
Where Is Victoria Kogina Die (.arcla
Sitting Hull? Where Is Knoek-kncod
Cheiiilloon? Whoro is Swaybaek Sue
and Meek-Kycd Government Seeks?
They havo sunk beneath thu lire
waters of tho goggle-eyed Cnucnssinn.
They havo succumbed to tho delirium
. . . t, .i .i
triangles, aim wnen i can iiiem uiuy
come not. They do not hear my voice.
Their moans aro hoard upon the still
night air, and they cry for revenge.
Look at the sad remnant of the family
of Sitting Hull, vour chief. One sore-
eyed squaw is left alone. Her faco is
furrowed o'er with the famine of many
winters, and her nose is tlio only ruin of
its former greatness. Her moccasins
arc worn out, anil the soldier pants she
wears are too lou ,,,r "or. ouu, .u,
is drunk. Shu is not as drunk as she
can get, but she is hopeful and perse
vering. Shu has learned to Ho like a
white man. She is now an easy, extern
poraneous liar. When we gather about
tno camp nro aim enaei our uniuiomi
lies in the gloaming, Lueretla Horgia
Skoiv began bitting Hull, with tho in
spiration of six lingers of agency coffin
and nothing can be heard but the muf
fled tread of the agency corn beef going
out to get somo tresh air. Microtia
Hortrla is also becoming slovenly. It is
evening, aud yet she has not donned
her evening dress. nor uaeK nair is
unkonint and her front hair is unhung.
l'rettv soon 1 will uiko a lomaiiawK aim
bang id lor her. tno seems uesponueui.
and hopeless. As she leans against tlio
trunk of a mighty oak and scratches her
back you can .see that her thoughts aro
far away. Her other suspender is gone,
but she don t care a cold, smooth clam.
She is thinking of her childhood days
by the banks of thu Minnehaha.
Warriors, wo stand In tho moccasins
of a mighty nation. Wo represent tlio
starving remnant of n once powerful
Sioux. Our piroguu stands Idle on the
shore I don't know what a piroguu Is,
but it stands idly on thu shore.
When tlio spring llowers bloom ngaln,
and tho grass is green upon tho plains,
wo will once moro go upon tho warpath;
wo will avenge tho wrongs of our nation.
I havo not fully glutted my vengeance.
I havo seven or eight more gluts on
hand, and will shout our warery once
moro and mult Hutu some moro Anglo-
Saxons. Wo will silence tho avenging
cries of our people; wo will spatter tho
green grass and gray greasewoou wan
tlio goro of the paleface, and feed tho
whilo-livi red emigrants to tlio cuyote;
wo .vlll spread death and desolation
everywhere, and 111 I tlio air with gum
nvM'hous and remains. Let us yield
up our lives dearly while wo mash tho
palefaces beyond recognition and shoot
lis hired man co full of holes that ho
will look liko a suspension bridge.
Warriors, there is our hunting ground.
Tho buffalo, thu antulope, the sage hen
nnd the jackass rabbit aro ours; ours to
enjoy, ours to perpetuate, ours to trans
mit. Tho Great Spirit created tlioso
nnlnmls for thu red man. and not for
tho billions tourists, between whoso
legs tho ehesnut sunlight penetrates
clear up to his collar bono.
Then wo will rido down on tho regu
lar army when ho is thinking of some
thin!? else, and wo will scare him into
convulsions, and our medicine men will
attend tho convulsions whllo wo sample
tho supplies.
Thon wo will take somo cold-sliced
Indian agent anil some bay rum nnd go
on a picnic.
Warriors, farowoll. Ho virtuous and
vou will bo hannv: but vou will bo lone
somo sometimes. Think of what I havo
said to you about tho council tiro and
erovern yourselves accordingly. Wo
will not LTiimblo nt celluloid cracker
and cast iron codfish ball, but in tho
spring wo will havo veal cutlets for
breakfast and Poaco Commissioners on
toast for dinnor. Tho squaw of Sitting
Hull shall havo a now plug liat, and ii
tho weather is vcrv severe she shall
havo two of them.
Warriors, farowoll. I am done;
havo spoken. I havo nothing moro to
sio semper domino. Plumbago, eryslpe
las, in boo eureka, sciatica usufruct,
linibergor, go braugh.
Safety In tho Water.
"Rear Admiral" In the London Tlmei.
When I first went to sea at tho ago of
12J years I fell overboard in tho Hay
of Hiscay when tho ship was going ton
knots with studding sails sot. A heavy
sea was running, and tho Captain wrote
that ho "had novor known any ono
saved under such circumstances."
I had been taught to swim at Eton,
where I had gained somo profloienoy in
diving for chalk eggs. This practleo
gives a boy two qualifications to which,
under Provldonco. I owe my llfo first,
that of not being afraid when under
water, being in the habit of swimming
about under water looking for tho eggs
which had been seattorod; and, second
ly, that of trending water, lor wo used
to como up with eight or ten eggs, two
or thrco being stowed uuder one's arm
pits, nnd wo had to retain them all and
put them Into a punt or they did not
count. My llrst scnsntlott on feeling
myself In and under tho wnUr was to
force myself in tho customary way to
tlio surflico ami then, seeing tho ship
sailing away and tho lifeboat apparent
ly close to, to try mo "good straight
forward breast stroko" recommended
bv tho Secretnrv of tlio Swimming As
sociation. I -ess than a minute convinc
ed mo of my error. My cloth uniform
was very heavy, ns it wns mtd-wmter;
t wns losing nil my strength, and lining
my noso nnd mouth with "spoon drift."
I at onco give itup, turned round nnd
trod tlio water nslong ns I could and
when I could no longer do that, turned
on my back and lloatcd, in which posi
tion I was picked up by one of two cut
ters sent to search for me, ns they had
lost sight of mo from the ship. 'I will
not take up your spaeo by praising the
smartness of tlio ships or speaking of
the ollieer, still living, or crew who
manned the boat. My only object In
writing is to ndd my testimony to that
in your issue of to-day, that tho "art of
Inking," added to that oi quietly wail
ingtreading water and Moating till
assistance can reach you, will bo found
far moru eiiieaeious man wasting power
by swimming.
LKK IX TEARS AT APPOMATTOX.
CAITAIN MCDON'AMI.
When It was known that wo had sur
rendered, there was at first some dis
satisfaction, but sympathy for Leo soon
did away with nil individual sense of
humiliation. hen itarrw Mississippi
Hrigado of Mahono's Division were in
formed of tho surrender, and ordered
to cease firing, most of the ollieers uud
men refused to obey, declaring that
they would never surrender Mahonc
went ami expostulated with them, but
thev would not listen to him. l'lnallv
Lee came and made a personal appeal.
For some tlmo oven his authority was
disregarded. Many of tiie ollieers and
men gathered around him and Implored
him not to put upon them siicli disgrace.
With tears they begged him to tru.it
hiui'-elf to their care, swearing that they
could and would carry him through
safely, and telling him that once in the
mountains he could raNe another army.
Hut Lee told them with broken ac
cents and witli many tears that he could
not break his word; that his honor was
involved. Finally ho nsked them if
they who had followed him so long and
stood bv him so faithfully were ashamed
to share his fate. Jhi- appeal they
, . . i ,
could noi resist, though wiiu Heart
breaking sobs thev yielded.
There' is hardly a doubt that this
brigade would have carried Lee out
safely had he let them try it. Mahiuie
ealle'd them tho "Invineibles." They
were often selected for quick nnd des
perate work. I will state a single in
stance of their valor: At Farinville,
when tho Federals made a determined1
effort to break our lines, in the midst of
the battle a courier rode up and told
Mahono that a part .of the Stonewall
Division had given awav, and that thu
enemy at this point had penetrated half
a mile beyond our right Hank. Mahonu
at oueo sped awav like an arrow down
tho line. In less than twenty minutes
ho returned with Harris' Hrigade, and
charging the eneinv In llank with the
bayonet killed or captured nearly every
one.
As soon as the firing ceased many of
the Federals eanio into our lines and
began to fraternize with the men. In
order so carry homo relies of tho sur
render, thev swapped Knives or any
thing they had for the old plunder of
the Lonfederaies. Minio oi mo latter.
alive to the situation, having exhausted
their stock In trade, went about seekih:
to replenish it, and hence there arose
quite a bnsK demand lor old papers
combs, etc.
The Federals seemed overjoyed at tlio
issue, and their hearts were nniniiigovcr
with kindly feeling. One man, a Colonel,
made a speech to a largo crowd of Con
federates. Ho was n big-hearted soldier.
and with many compliments to Leo and
Ids men. seemed to ho trying to take
away tlio -sling of defeat from the crest
fallen foes. Among other things ho
said that tho North loved tlio South,
and that tho next President of the
United States would bo General Leo.
Finally he said: "Wo aro all a band of
brothers now," and seemed to pause
for a reply. A grim battle-scared vet
eran responded in audible tones and
wit inn oath: "it i nan you oiu in tno
woods bv voursolt I'd brother you."
r i - ... ...1.1 1 1.. ! t...
i navo nniv to aim. in uuuuiuaiiiii. mm
this retreat, which in tho eyes of some
rellects somewhat upon thu fa mo of Leo,
may yot go down into hbtory as tno in
munhaut masterpiece of his genius.
Tho wonder H, not thai his army was
captured at Appomattox, but that it was
not captured long before it readied that
point. To suecessiuuv conuuci a ueaien
armv. after the stunning defeats at I'o
tersburg anil Five Forks, almost as he
was surrounded by overwhelming num
bers, for eight days, without food and
with littlo ammunition, is a feat almost
without a para e n military annals
And when ho at last resolved to cease
tho struggle, It was not with a corporal's
guard around nun, mil a gaiiaiu army
of 12.000 men. If ho saw lit to iorgo
1,1a nu'n irlni'v- nml to consult, only thu
interests of our common country, let us
ondeavor to appreciate his magnanimity
and givo him that pralso which posterity
will certainly accord hira.
It Is impossible to estimato tho hero
ism of his army on this retrcnt, unless
wo consider tho sufferings thoy wero
Kiihloct to. and above all tho suH'erinns
from hunger. I know of no rations that
wore issued after the 5th, except that of
oaroliud corn. T lis was to Mahono
tnim whllo halting in tho road mule
arms. Thoy wero not allowed to stop
to eat it, but appeased their hunger as
thnv marehed: not irregularly, but by
fours, ovcry man in his placo ready for
action.
lim-liirr tlio wholn loi-rlble retreat Ma
bono maintained tho strictest discipline,
ii, ...,!, ilirliilnir n hnttlo nvcrv ilav
How thu other divisions of Leo's army
hnlmvnil In the clos ng of the struggl
I am not ablo to speak; but tho conduct
of Mahono's men could noi uo sur
passed.
Drinking In England and on the Conti
nciit. ,
London Timet.
Mr. Hoylo nnd his friends havo, after
their kindly annual fashion, put tho
Hrltlsh Isles to plead at tho bar to tho
indictmont for drunkenness. Tho Hrit
isli liquor trade replies by drawing Into
court In Its train tho chief part of tho
Knronean continent. Seven hundred
and ten million dollars may sound a vast
sum to spend upon drink; but It Is only
so much a head. A well-known wluo
merchant is uulo to show that tho pro
portionato outlay in Franco is a great
deal more; yot "wo aro told 'that tho
French Is a gobor nation compared with
our own." Industrious IJelglum, de
corous Norway, would not stand Uio
atlthmetlcal test .,,cVtw, iTX?
might be demonstrate.. to)b,0J",'
anee a nation of contlnuo'"9 i1?",;
Tho countrymen of Otitrtrns A. ' , 1"
nro Infinitely worse. In wi(7nJ "
which reformers of tho coiidi'krti ot 0
working classes point tlio linger' f envy
nnd emulation, tho rato of nlcoftyllc
consumption nearly doubles that ofKn"
land. Tho ndrocatos of temperance nt
tempt to answer by repudiating tho di
rect signlllcnnco of their favorite statis
tics. Thoy urgo that their mission lias
succeeded in subtracting a largo part of
tho population from tho drinkers. Con
sequently, neeording to their present
contention, the averages thoy havo been
fond of insisting on nro fallacious in
their natural state. They require to bo
corrected by concentrating them upon
tho Intemperate residuum. Kvcti so,
however, their adversaries maintain, If
continental States bo sober, England Is
mora sober. Tho consumption In
Franco, which by no menu lioads tho
list of lovers of alcohol, is they assert,
such that by tho samo standard the Hrit
ish nation "might drink half as much
again as It now docs and yet bo a sober
people."
I in
Factors of Mexican Fro(,'res.
Ilnrpcr'n MniMtlno lor July,
In tho progress nnd prosperity of any
country there nro several Important fac
tors. Chief among these may bo reck
oned natural resources, population edu
cation and menus of transportation.
With the first of these Mexico Is richly
endowed. It Is doubtful if any equal
area on tho faco of tho globo possesses
larger depodles of tho precious metals,
or has already produced more of thorn.
Her coast lands aro for the most part ex
ceedingly fertile, producing In abun
dance the best growths of the tropics;
but they have an unhealthy climate, and
can neVer bo developed fly the labor of
white men.
Tho interior mav bo described as a
vast table hind, elevated from 5,000 to
'.1,000 feet abovo the sea, anil possessing
a climate favorable, wherever water is
found, to all thu crops of the Temperate
Xone. Much of it, however, is arid and
tndy, nml In the north in particular wa
ter is scarce. Hetween these two great
itural divisions lie what the Spaniards
ill tho temperate lands, where frot
and excessive heat are unknown, and
hero everything that is grown from
New York to Florida will thrive and
ield abundantly.
lhese temperate lands, consisting of
terraces or benches separated by steep
lopes and deep valleys, nnd situated as
they are for the most part In a eompar-
dlvolv narrow belt, are alike a bar to
tho existence of navigable streams ami
the easy construction of good roads eon
neetingthe interior with the coast. Part-
froin thiscaue, and partly from thu
unprogressivo character of the popula
tion or the disturbed Mate ot tho coun
try, tho pack saddle and the primitive
wagon havo hitherto been tho only
means of transportation. This vast ler-
itory ot ioo,o) square nilies, with a
population estimated at 10,000,000,
uiiais in extent our Males u,i ot mo
Mississippi iind south of Michigan, while
its population hardly exceeds that of
New York and Pennsylvania. Two
thirds of this population are of pure Li
lian blood, the remaining third being
either of Spanish descent or of mixed
aces.
Now, it is evident that any rapid pro
gress in. Mexico must come through col
onization by some higherand more pro-
rossivo race, or by the introduction ot
capital in large amounts to develop her
natural resources by tho aid ot tho na
tive races, who are generally peaceable
mil industrious. Yet. in aland with thu
cTimato.s of Mexico, where the wants
and desires of thenatlves are so limited,
it will bo contrary to nil experience else
where if thev should become a hard,
working people from tho mere desire of
accumulation. Under no eircunistanees
could much improvement lie looked for
without improved means of transporta
tion, of which tno lioverimient was well
aware, as is shown by tho many llborai
ubsidies it lias granted to various rail
road enterprises.
VKN'TMLOtjL'ISM.
Some of tin Trunk Which Vnitrltmiulsti
lave l'liinl tin Their lYUow-Mt'u.
Intenli'w with l'nif. Owrn Dixon.
Who aro tho greatest ventrilo
oulsts?"
Well, mero was an oiu Athenian
named Kurykles, who is spoken of in
history ns master of tho art. Then there
were 'Professor Alexandre and Louis
Hrabout, of modern times. Thoy wero
both Frenchmen. Hrabout lived in the
fourteenth century, I believe, and was
lid to be tho best ventriloquist tlio
world over knew. Alexandre lived at
an earliar period, and was noted more
for ids mimetic representations than for
lis veutriloutial powers. frotessor
Love, of Kuglaud, was celebrated in tho
irt, anil was rivaled by Professor liar
ington, who died yesterday in lie vein,
Mass. Of tlioso living to-dav, Frederick
McCabo and K. 1). Da vies aro tho great
est. Davies is now retired in Australia,
and McCabo lias recently signed a eon
tract to go there the present season.
Davies was tlio first ventriloquist to In
trodueo 'figures as and assistant to the
art In America.
"McCabo was a great practical joker,
Several years ago ho was on board u
Mississippi river steamboat, and, form
ing nu acquaintance with tho engineer,
was allowed tho freedom of the engine
room. Ho took a seat in a corner and
pulling his Vnt down over his eyes, ap
poured lost In rovcrio. Presently a cor
tain part of tho machinery began to
squeak. Thu engineer oiled it and went
about his usual iimics. in me cmir.su
of a few minutes tho squeaking was
heard again, and tho engineer rushed
over, oil can in hand, to lubricate tho
samo spindle. Again bo returned to his
post, bin li was on ly a low mmiucs un
til tho samo old splmllo wns sneakiii'
loudor than ever. 'Groat Jupiter!1 ho
yelled, 'tho thing's bewitched.1 Moro
OH was auuimisieruii, out uiu engineer
began to smell a rat. rreity soon tho
spfiidlo squeaked again, nnd slipping up
behind Mcuaoo, mo engineer squirieu u
half-pint of oil down tho joker's back.
'Tlicro,1 said ho, I guess that spindle
won1 1 squeak any moro!' Tho joko was
so good that McCabo could not keep it,
and ho often tells it with ns much relish
ns his auditors receive it.
"At anothor tlmo McCabo was con
fronted by a highwayman, on ono of
tho lonely stroots of Cincinnati, as ho
was returning to Ids hotel from a moon
light picnlo. Tho robber presented a
CMckcd rovolvor to tho ventriloquist's
head, demanding Ids monoy or his llfo.
MoCabo's milck wit saved him. Ho
throw his volco behind tho robber ox
olalmlngi 'Hold, villain, you aro my
prisoner!1 Tho frightened scamp turned
Ids head, and McCabo dealt him a blow
that fulled him to tho ground. Ho then
scoured the rovolvor and marched tho
scoundrel to a police station,
"Louis Hrabout, tho French vontrib-
nulst. was a so a great okor. The
j story is told of him that ho fell in love
with n beautiful young novltlato who
was soon to tnko tho veil. Tho senti
ment wns returned, nnd Itrnbout ar
ranged for nu elopement. Ills Inamor
ata succeeded in getting outside tlio
convent wnll, and tlio two hurried nway
in llin li.iMaf. tt n Miitrvl.lmf.nr i.t.iat
: holv ti I. in was awaknnnd and re-
... . -----------
nuestei, , ,w mnnrm mo marriage cere-
mony. 1 'fHni was a iniiig to oo
expected, but -,,r,J'"' wn? 0( cunning
for the old man. n hou Jio said 'no!1
11m ...
i - ...'. -,. .
most cmphotlcolly, t? ml was about to
rnlso n commotion nnd have! tho novi
tiate returned to tho clofator, a deep
sepulchral voice was heard eo.ming from
the bowels of tho earth. It sah!:
"I mn thy father, and am still ill tor
ment. Marry this couple to each other,
and my probation in purgatory will bo
over.1
"The frightened priest called upon
all the saints to protect him, and pro
ceeded to perform that ceremony with
greater alacrity than he had over shown
on similar occasions."
"Do you ever play Jokes?"
"Not often. 1 nm not given to such
sport as a general thing, but occasion
ally amuse myself at the expense of
olliers. Last 'year I was traveling with
a musical combination. One day while
riding on tho ears I throw my volco Into
a covered basket, and set up n furious
barking like a dog. The lady beside
whom the basket was sitting gave a
scream and bounded mtt of the seat.
Then I made a cat join in with the row,
and abrakemancame running pell-mell
to quiet the disturbance. Ho jerked
the lid oil' the basket aud found nothing
but a lot of delicious peaches thu lady
was taking home. The crowd was con
siderably mystified. Then I set n bumble-bee
iiuzlng about thu br.ikeman's
cars and he retreated. A gentleman
who was standing near heard a wolf
growl so ferociously behind him that ho
jumped about two feet high. Then tlio
ladv was made to believe t lint a mouse's
nest had found lodgment in her pocket.
and the circus was complete. Hut I
don't believe much In such capers.
and
generally lorego the tun 1 might
have
f I felt disposed.
Hlslorr of tho Wiishlneloii Miuiiimeut.
Ilittimur.' Sun.
Ill 1 till Congress look .-tops to erect
it Washington, then become the seat of
'overnment, a marble monument, under
which the remains of Washington, who
died on December 1 -1th of that year,
were to be deposited. A touching and
patriotic letter of his widow assented to
their removal from the vault at Mount
Vernon. Tho following year, when the
country was Mill mourning the loss of
Its greatest soldier and tho lirM. I'reii-
dent of the Republic, the llouo of Rep
resentatives agreed to appropriate si'im,.
000 toward the proposed monument,
but the resolution coining before the
Senate too late to be acted upon fell
through. From that time until 182 1 no
further action was taken, but, in thu
latter year, a futile attempt was made
to curry out the resolution of 17HD. In
WVJ, tho centenary anniversary of
Wasliltigton's birthday, a committee of
Congrers recommended measures to
carry out the resolution of lTUti. The
resolution passed the Senate, and would
have been adopted by tho House, but
was abandoned there" when it became
known that .ludgo Washington, then
the owner of Mount Vernon, refused to
allow the remains to be removed. Tho
following year (1S;;) a voluntary asso
ciation was organized at Washington to
do what t engross tor a whole genera
tion hud fulled to do. After a variety
of delays and vicissitudes thuMoniiment
Association in lH.V.i is-ucd a stirring ud-div-s
to the people, and appointed
agents in all the States to .solicit and re
ceive contributions. In this way a con
siderable sum of money was obtained,
and the work on tho monument went
on, though slowly. The war broke out
in l.SOl. All further progress in build
ing ceased, and the Association used
but faint efforts to collect more money
until 1871, when another and more com
prehensive appeal was mado to individ
uals, corporations, Slates, municipali
ties and churches, though with but com
paratively littlo etl'ect. In 1872 tho
familiar resolution appropriating S'.'OO,
000 to tho monument wns ollered in
Congress, but it met with as littlo suc
cess as on previous occasions. Nothing
further was done until 1870, when final
ly Congress, by a supreme efi'ort. agreed
to assume and'direct tho completion of
tho monument, nnd appropriated nt
lust, us the first Installment toward the
work, tho $200,000 so often asked for
ami so often refused before. Thus ends
triumphantly nt last, after tho lapse of
more than three-quarters of a century,
the struggle to build a monument to
Washington at thu national capital.
Two-and-a-half-dollar Christians.
t.oiilvlllu ClirUtlun oli,-m-r,
There aro a great many peoph,
their religion that remind mo of "Uncle
Phil," a pious old darkey of tho old
times In texas. Well, Phil was a fer
vent Christian, with a great gift of
pravcr. Hu attended all the Saturday
night prayerinectlngs on tho neighboring
plantations, aud could pray louder and
longer than any of the brethren. Hut
Phil had ono weakness ho dearly loved
money, and, different from thu negro
generally, ho loved to hoard it. Near
by us lived a man who, not troubled
about nny scruples, would pay Phil a
dollar to work on his field on Sundays.
Ono Sunday night, as Phil camo homo
after dark, I accosted him with:
"Whoro havo you been, Phil?"
"Oh, just knocking about, massa."
'.You havo been working for Miller."
"Well, you sco, massa, tho old fellow
is In needs, and ho jest showed mo a
silver dollar, and I jest couldn't stand
it."
"Ain't you afraid tho devil will get
you for breaking tho sabbath?"
Phil scratched his head a minute and
said:
"I guess tlio Lord'll 'scttso mo, mas
sa." "No. Ho says, Hemonibor tho Sab
bath day and keep it holy."
Phil went off looking pretty sober,
and it was not long before I hoard his
volco in fervent prayer back of tho barn.
and so I thought I would slip down near
enough to hear.11
"Oh, Lord!" I heard him say, "I
havo this day ripped and toured, cussed
and swoarcd at them confounded oxen
of Millur s, and jest broku the Sabbath
day. Oh, Lord, please forgive me, lor
you know i s nothing but a miserable
heathen anyhow. If you'll jcstforglvo
mo this tlmo I'll novor do it again a
ns
long as t live, 'coining ho givo mo $2,
fit) a ilav."
At tills point I wns obliged to beat a
hasty retreat, but I am thinking that
poor Undo Phil isn't tho only $2.50
unrisiiiiu in this worm
A Provldonco school conmilttumun,
addressing a primary school, talks about
hornets, "uiu any oi you over seo a
liornet?" Up wont a littlo girl's hand.
"iVhoro did you oversee a hornet P" In
tho country, on a coiv; you know a
cow's horns' and on
horns' and on tlio cutis oi mo
Uirus tiro tho hornets."
DOMESTIC RECIPES.
GrNOEit S.VAi's. Holl togcthor ono
pint of molasses and tcacupful of IrnU
tor; let it stand till cool: ndd two tablo
spoonftils of ginger nnd ono tcaspoon
ful of soda, llour to roll. Hako quick,
In thin rounds, on a fiat sheet.
Cookino Spinach. When cooking
spinach, substitute a littlo picco of bacon
for the salt pork usually cooked with it
to season it. Tho nicest way to servo
it is to put it in Individual vegetable
dishes, and nut a bit of tho bacon in
each dish. Hard boiled eggs, sliced
when cold, nro also liked with tho
greens.
Hiit'iiAtit) Taut, Lino a plo-plntu
with good paste nnd bake it with a till
ing of uncooked rtVo or of linen rags.
When dono remove tho filling and put
in the rhubarb already stowed and
sweetened nnd llavored with a littlo
lemon juice and peel. Instead of put
ting on n whole top crust, twist somo
strips of tho dough or pa-tu and lay
three of them across the jilo from edge
to edge at wide Intervals. Then lay
three more strips oyer the llrst threo so
that they cross llient in cheeker-boanl
pattern." Arrange Iho oven so that tho
top nnd not thu bottom will bake.
Hrown the strips slightly and quickly.
Serve with n pitcher of cream.
Macaikios's. -Half a pound of al
monds, half of sifted loaf sugar, tho
whites of threo eggs, wafer paper.
Hlaueli, skin and dry tho almonds, nml
pound them well with a little orange
llower water; add to them the sifted
sugar and whites of the eggs, which
should bo beaten to a still' froth, and
mivall the Ingredients well together.
When the paste lookes soft, drop It at
equal distances from a biscuit syringe
on to sheets of wafer paper; put a strip
of almond on the top of each; strew
some sugar over anil bake in a slow
oven to a light brown color. Do not
let them get too brown. If the cakes
appear heavy add a little more egg.
Tho (.'null Hands.
When 1 was n boy, I once became
especially interested' in the .subject of
inheritances:. I was particularly anx
ious to know what my father's inheri
tance was, tut one day, after thinking
about the matter a good while very .ser
iously, I ventured to ask him, ami this
was his reply: "My inheritance I will
tell vou wha't it was. Two good hands
and an honest purpose to make the best
use In my power of my hands and of
the tlme'tiod gave." 'Though It Is now
many years .since, I can remember dis
tinctly the tones of my father'-- voice ns
lie spiike, with both o'f his hands lifted
up to give cmphuis to his words.
.Many a boy does not receive a largo.
Inheritance of money or lands, hut
every one has a pair of good hands
which are better than thousands of
money. And tho good purpose to mako
the best Use of them is in every boy's
power, ltomeiiiber this wise injunction,
"Whatsoever thy hand lltuleth to do, do
it with thv might."
"Is your wife a Democrat or a ltepnb
llean,''1 asked one cltien to another, in
a store, recently. "She's neither," wns
the prompt rospoiie, and then, glanc
ing cautiously around, and .sinking his
voice to a hour-u whisper, he exclaimed,
"She's a Home ltuler1
wo.-is:etrM. bmhmlaiji rv
or Tin: iti:ovi:i.i!i:in-
I'lic .Vonlit 4'iirul!v' Siii-itks
oI'IIk- Ai V Voia Iriiiu Uiu
lN'ople.
No mnlli'hie Intrmliii i'il to tho nubile lu over
ini't with Hie Mim'.si ni'i'iirih'il tn Hup Hitters.
It t:unls IimI.iv Hie best kiiiiun curative nrtlclo
In the Mnrlit. Its marvelous renoivii Is not ihie
to Hie in 1 vt-rt I.- 1 1 1 ir It has riri'lvi'il. II Is famous
hv riMMin of lis lulu-rent virtues. It il.x"! nil
I fiat Is I'lalincit fur It. It Is the most nvi-rful,
i-,ceily nml effective itjrent klinwn fur the hultil
hu; up of iMillltaliil Mslems. The fullou'lng
witnesses are nllcrcd to prove this;
Wlitif II 11I liir mi Ohl I.iiiJy.
fWnWoii Stittitm, X. )'., Dee. !JS, l7j!.
(."fill A number of neonte hail Ihtii urine
your Hitters here, ami with m.ukiil effect. In
iaet, one eae, u lady of over cevcnty years, had
lieeii rick fur j ears, anil fur the p.it ten years I
have kiiuu n tier t-lio has nut been uhlu to bo
uroiniil half the time. About i-lv month iitfo
she is it mi feeble die was helpless. Her old
remedies, or physicians belns; ot no avail, I
pent to l)eKisft, "forty-live mile, ami nut a bot
tle of Hon Hitter. 'It hail siu-h a very benefi
cial effect on her that one Mile Improved her
fit she was able to dress herself and walk
nlKiut thu house. When she hail taken the sec
ond tHittle she was able to take euro of her own
riMim nml walUouttoliernelu'hlMir s.and has lm
nroveil all thu time sinc e. Mv wife ami children
nlsohave derived great benellt from their use.
. II. ll.Vl IIAU . Y,
Au't. U. S. Ex. Co.
a i:.Tiii si,tsrn:i: .ioitsi
.iu::vr.
f.Wii, A". 7A, July U, 1S7!.
ficiilx Whoever vim are. 1 don't know: lml I
thank the I.nnl anil fcciirrateful toynii to know
that in this world ot adulterated medicines thcra
is one compound that proves mid docs all It ad
vertises to do. and more, l'our years niro I had
n slight shock of palsy, which unnerved mo to
such an exiem ui.u uie icasi exeiieiuem hiiuiu
make me shake Hue thu mnic. Last .Mav 1 was
induced to try Hop Hitters. I used one Isittle,
tint did not see any iliaiiL'e; another did so
chance inv nerves that they are now us steady
as thev ever were. It Used to take both my
hands'to write, but now my guod rkrht hand
W111C1WI1S. .sill!, II .11111 l-WllllllllU III IlllllllllilU-
ture s honest mid psl an article ns you do,
vou will aiTiiiuulati) nu honest fortune, nml con
fer tho greatest blessing on your fellow-men
that wns ever conferred on mankind.
Tl.M ilUMJU.
A IIiihIiiiiiiI'm 'JVsliiiiny.
Mv wife was troubled fur years Mlth blotches.
moth patches nnd plmpleson her face, which
nearly annoyed the life out of her. Mho spent
many dollars on tnu inousanu iniaiiiiiio (l
cures, with nothing but Injurious effects. A
ladv friend, of Syracuse, N. V., who had had
similar exiierlcncc nml hud been cured with Hop
Hitlers, Induced her to try It. Ono Isittlo hns
made her face ns smooth, fair mid soft ns a
hllil's nnd iriveu her eucli Health tliat it teems
almost a miracle.
A Mnuiica or lmsaman 1'aiiliame.nt.
A Iticli I.mly'H i:itI-iio.
T traveled all over l-.urune and other forelcn
countries Ht ft cost of thousands of dollars In
search of health nnd found it not. I returned
discouraged nnd disheartened, nml was restored
to real vniitlmil health and spirits with less
then two bottles of Hon Hitters. I Iiohi others
may prollt by my cxiierlcnee uud stav nt home.
- , i i,v- iirnnST i n..
4 J..IUI, aUVIUQl.il .HE..
Cletflmil, OhU, Oct. !M, 1ST0.
Mv better half Is llrmlv Impressed with tho
Idea that vour Hop Hitters Is the essential llilnir
to make llfo hnppv. 8ho has ucd several bot
tles, mid I would like to have you send ino a
dozen nt lowest price.
li. lurr-i cccrciary
l'lalu Dealer Co.
RmlnanM, III, Sept. 8, 1879.
ficnls I have liocn taking your Hop Hitters
and received great help from them. I will givo
vou my name us one of tho cured 6Uffercrs.
3 yours, Mas. MAIty F. STA1UI.
(Irtmult, -Vto., Nov. 3, 1879.
My daughter, now a young mother, Is using
your Hup Hitters, mid Is generally pleased with
(tie benellclal effects on herself nnd child.
1). I). MOOHE,
Froprletor Auj AuhM.
Saiukrton, J'n., Nov. 0, 1879.
Pear Sir 1 havo used four bottles ot your
Hop Hitters, mid they have dono mo good nnd
cured mo. 1 had dlarrhiiM, dyspepsia, and
chronic Inflnmnuitiou ot tho bowels, and waft
Biddy la tlio head nnd nervous.
iWimtf, 0ito, Fob. 2, 1SS0.
Hor HinrnaCo. i
I have used two iHittles of Hop Hitter la my
family, ami think them tlio In-it ever made.
' GEO. W, l'OTTKlt Banker.

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