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r Si 9 - r THE COUNTY PAPER. Iljr IIOIIVNH A WAI. I.Kit. OHEGON, MO Till! TKMROBIRV. ColtMHooilcd Murder of the Con ductor. Particulars of tho Dastardly Deed. Tho Rock Island Argus of July 10th wives the followlnc account of the trntn rohlierv which occurred nt Winston, near Cameron, .Mo., on the evening ot July 15th I tic tram was ooanica at w union bv n gang of men, while a mimlicr of accomplices were mreaiiy in uiiiercni iris oi mo cum, a signal wns Riven and the robbers rutdicd forward ami shot the coiiiluctor nml marie an effort to kill tlie engineer, but the latter escaped In the darkness nnd a stone mason, v. no was one ol tlie pasncn ccrs, was mistaken for the engineer and killed instantly. Having secured jiossesslon of the train one of tnem ran to tlie engine, steam was nppiicu ami me irain suru-u over me track at n furious rate of speed. The robbers then started for the express ines fencer and another sound started for the ears. when an order was given to the passengers to hold up their hands an 1 give up their money and valuables. Tho men sent to the express car suceeeueu in KiiocKim tnc messenger down nnd securing his keys. Willi these they opened "the safe and secured all the money nml valuables. Because there was not money enough In the unfc to satisfy the robliers they threatened to kill him, but spareil his life when he told them that there was no money In his possession. He fore tho robbers succeeded In robbing the pas Fencers, a brakemau who had not liei-n noticed jy the gang, pulled the nlr tirake nml the train enmcton stand still; this frightened the rob bers, and they left the train and made for tli woods. As soon as the passengers and what few train men remained recovered themselves, the engineer steamed up and started the train for the city. The passengers arrived hero abou I 11 o'clock this morning, having been detained for some time n account of the washout on tile other side of Davenport. Among tho passengers Was E. L. Martin, of Kansas City, who gave tho following additional account of the affair: The train left Kansas City nt ) :!I0 last evening nnd consisted of six curs well lllleil with pas sengers, Including a sleeping ear. Supper was finished at a regular eating station, and nothing occurred to excite the suspicion of the passen gers or train men until Winston was reached, which was at OiSO o'clock. At that place four rough appearing men got on the train with handkerchiefs about their faces to p.irtlally conceal their features. The first Intimation that the passengers received that thcru was anything wrong was the cryi "All aboard," which appeared to lie a signal. At that Instant the four men as well as several others, who had come from Kansas City, and Cameron made a rush for the engine, and for the conductor, Charles Wcstfall. The firing was heard in front of tho cars as well as on the engine, ami the train was put In motion at 40 miles an hour. On giving the signal, two of the men made for the llrst coach w here the conductor was stand ing. One of them went up to conductor West fall, and polutlng a pistol at him, said: "You are the man I want." After caving this the robber fired a pistol, the ball strik'lug Wcstfall In the arm, but did not prove fatal. Wcstfall attempted to run and as he did so, the robber fired twice at him. Wcstfall reached the plat form, when a second robber fired a shot which killed him instantly. The conductor fell dead on the platform. Ilo was wounded In several places, but the last shot took effect In the brain, producing almost instant death. Three ot the robbers started for tlie engine with the Intention ot shooting the engineer and taking possession of the engine. The engineer seemed to apprc licnd that there was danger, as on the approach ot tho trio he started back on tho engine ami secreted himself In the tender. A stono mason by the name of Miller came forward from the baggage car while the shooting was In progress. The robbers mistook him for tho engineer and shot him, the ball taking effect In his heart. Charley Murray, express messenger, was also Visited by some of the robliers. Ho was knocked over tho head and made to deliver tho keys of Ills safe. The robbers ransacked tho safe and secured f500 in money, tiWO in valuables and n government bond to the amount of $1,000. Murray was threatened with Instant death if ho concealed anything, but was iicrmlttcd to live on informing them that all his valuables wcro In tho safe. Tho brakemau on duty, name could not bo ascertained, ns soon as ho learned of tho murder of tho conductor, rushed through the train and Informed tho passengers that an attempt would bo made to rob them. Aa soon ns this had been accomnllshed tho brakemau started forward, and when tho second coach wrtrao reached the robbers entered at both doors with pistols In their hands demanding money. The brakeman pulled thfi CCrJ attached to the air brake, and soon afterwards the. train stob .ped. Tile men Jumped off tho cars and made ' lor the woods. Mr. Martin stated that not more than fifteen minutes elapsed from tho tlmo of leaving Wins ton until tho robbcrB Jumped from the cars and made themselves scarce. The sleeping car por ter locked himself up in tho itato room of the slecuer nnd did not make himself visible until tho train was near Washington. Conductor Wcstfall. who was killed, lived at Wilton, where ms remains wcro icii tins morning, ino rou tiers numbered thirteen, and only two of them bad handkerchiefs tied over their faces. A St. Louis dlsnatch of July 10th ears: A ceuerally accepted theory out on tho road Is that the robliers wcro professionals. One of them, the tallest one, was seen In Cameron all day, and could be Wenttfled by several people, Men who have been Searching for tho robbers, fnmul where thev bM their horses tied In the woods, and say that In their hurry to get away they did not untie them, but cut tho halters and left them hanging to tho trees. 1 Da.vej.tout, July 18. Tho following Is express messenger C II. Murray's story: uc Kn our eimi ni, uiibuo vuj, uu. uii dav night wo had avervllghttrlnot both money and freight, lighter than usual. Wo had seven bars ot silver bullion welching about 150 apiece, At Cameron wo worked the Atchison train, giv ing and receiving freight at that station. At Winston the baggageman took on some freight, but no cxnrcss business was done there. We pulled out of Winston, tho conductor jumping on the head end of tho sleeping car to go through tho train for tickets, as ho always docs, vtoieil Winston anoul on time, uon ductor Westfal stood on the end of tho car, as lie alwnvs does, to see that noboriv lumps on until alter passing tlie platform station, Being In thi express carl did not sec what transpired in ti.o coacn, out a passenger loin mo as ioi lows: A man arose from IiIb seat in tho smoking car and approaching the conductor as ho come alone, said: "You are mv prisoner." Tho con dnctor had not time to mako a word of renlv, when tho stranger nulled out his revolver and shot at Wcstfall. The conductor reeled against the seat and attempted to gn out of tliu rear iooroi mo cur, wnen mo assassin nreu again, Westfull managed to get out on tho Platform. whero ho fell down ami rolled oil tho car to tho ground. After the two shots, tho train suddenly stopped. Wo (I and the baggage man! werubo. tween two trunks In tho middle of the car In conversation uuno lime we ro,wts wero heard Juct after tho train stopped baggageman Sbim ler stepped to tho north side door to see what was the matter. Tho door was onen tomlinllnf ventilation. With no warning ho was grabbed by tho legs by four men. If tho men wero masked tuey nad only laiso beams aim mus taches. I could not see clearly enough to 01s tlngulsh. Tho spokesman said, "Come out, you son or a b n, como nut." At this the nulled him out. when tho baggageman was oi the ground tho robbers told him If ho moved or spoke thev would shoot hlni. Tho robbers then shot Into tho express car twite, Knowing pretty wen wnai was coming, bad concealed mvsclf behind two samiilotrunki The four men then lumped Into our car and put out the lights As they did tl)ls, I got out of jny place and went over toward tho loromotlv cud of tho car. The robbers wcro looking for me. as thev Bald repeatedly. "Where is the son of a 1 Shoot thocussl" Tho men thinking probably I had run out, left tho car for tho time. I Jumped up and went and barred the end door next to tho smoking car, and shut tho south sldo uoor. men luarrui mo uoorncxi u) mo engine, There was somo firing dono at tho car while, 1 was locking the doors, but how many shots I don't remember, Ono ball went through tho uoor, musing mo uy aooui mreo inciics booh after the men llrst got In tho car tho train was put In motion. Tho baggageman, w ho had been Jerked out, Jumped on tiio rear end of tho fclCCIKT. After running from half a mllo to a mllo tho train camo to a stop. Then Jiut as I was bar ring the north tide door, tho last one of tho four, the road agents camo to that side, rushed Into the car and commenced shooting again. How many shots they fired I don't know, but afterwards we counted twelve bullet holes hi that end of the car which were shot on the In side. At almost every shot they would keep up the yell, 'Come out, you son of a',' I kept mypbu, nquattlng on the floor till t thought thev 1kI (cased firing. Then I rose up and said, 'Here I am.' They grabbed me and hurled me rtuuri several time, demanding the key. I r-Vu It to them Ono fellow went toward the rtv, then turned round, handed mo the key and told me to unlock It. I did so, at the Jiolnt of four revolvers, threw the cover kick, ami leaned Up against the side of the car. The ono who np (cared to be the leader pulled out ot his coat iKieket it sack, two feet long bj a fool nnd nhalf w Idc. tic took the money and nil the contents of the safe nnd put them Into tlio sack. While doing this l:o nskcil several times how inucli money there was there. I told him 1 didn't know, but there was quite n pile of It. Then lie said, 'Is. that all you've gotl Olvc mo the rest of It.' I told him that was all the car contained of vnluo except the seven silver bricks on tho lloor. He replied, 'I want the rest ot It or I'll shoot you.' 1 told him I hadn't another cent, llerontlnued saving, 'You might as well give up. We've killed 'your conductor and engineer, and we nrc going to kill you, so get down on your knees. There arc twelve men in this gang, and we've got full possession of the train.' 1 told him there was no use in banging at me, as I was n prisoner, and had given up everything. He then struck me on the head and on the back with his revolver, and the nun left the car. Tho train was runu'iig whi'e tills work was being dope, and It dldu take but n small part of the time I'm telling It ioiio 1(. Tho French Family. 1IY JOHN DUllANI). August Atlantic. Tho foregoing sketch of tho French family, meagre as It I, may servu to explain both tho repine anil brightness of French dome-die life. Tho secret of It lies In tho solidarity of feeling anil interests which its members enjoy. Tito largo anil small wheels of tho 'family organization are luljusteil so as to keep excellent time. Fathers anil mothcrc, through tho wlso provisions of tho nup tial contract, which anticipates tho con tlngeelcs of a matrimonial career, uro not harried by cares and duties, and have time to think, to eat, and to enjoy themselves. Their children prolit im mensely by parental leisure and freedom from anxielles. Children aro not ren dered precocious by "glittering genera lities," nor hardened by neglect nnd tho absence of sympathy: tho boy hiw an opportunity to ouiain Knowledge without worrvinir about an unknown future, wlille a girl is not thrown too rudely back tiiion tho elittnires of a situation which makes innrrhiire, witli us, a mere lottery. Xono of tho nartlcs forming the French family aro floating about on an ocean of uncertainty, at onco solicitous and reckless of the pass ing hour. It is a harbor of refuge at all times, to all lis members. In It tiiu aged aro sure of support in their de clining years, while it is a retreat for tho prodigal, whoso sins aro readilv forgotten. The French family, in short, is a fold in which human emotions work moro naturally for human hap piness than is commonly seen else where. Three Horses Abreast. Scientific American. Tho American Express Company has introduced into New York tho system of harnessing thrco horses nbrcar.t, after tho fashion of tho London omnibuses. Tho change hns been mudo on two of mo wneons lor an experiment, wilii very satisfactory results. Tho wagons aro supplied witn two poles instead of ono, and each of three horses is attached to a scparato whiflletrce. This is found to bo a decided improvement over the system sometimes used of putting ono horso in shafts and another at each sldo. Tho harnessing, is practically tho same ns witli two horses, witli two poles in stead of one. Tho experiment is tried upon tho wagons that deliver goods in tho upper part of tho city, not only be cause tho loads aro frequently too heavv for two horses, but to enable tho drivers to mako up for lost tlmo with an In creased rate of speed, when from any cause tlioy aro delayed at tho start. Tho Stono Ago iu Egypt. SalUrt'i Much interest has always been attach ed by anthropologists to tho stono njo ui it uu iiL-ouuia oi us ueaniig on tho antiquity of man. Hitherto tho units or stono imnlcments have been urolv sunerfloinl. but in Muroh lust Gen. I'itt-Rivers, President of lht An thropological Institute, discovered worked llints two or three Metres deep in stratified gravel od mud near Tliobcs. Tho ftrnvcl had become so in durated in Egyptian times that thoy wero able to cut square-topped tombs supporieu uy squaro pillars in it, anil tiieso nnvo romamcu in their original condition to this day. Somo of tho im plements wcro chiseled out of tho grav el in tho sides of these tombs. Clerical Oratory. AukuU Atlantic. Why do not our preachers study ora tory? As preachers, not pastors, their business is to work a certain effect, and helps to its production it sliould bo a part ot inoir ciuication to icarn. l presume Bliall not bo misunderstood to mean tho elleet of displaying solf, nnd win ning admiration for personal gifts. What tho truo preacher seeks to do is to Infrom tho intellect with Christian truth; to stir tho heart, and theroby in lluenco tho will, of his hearers. Half tho sermons annually preached arc, so far as human insight goes, a wnslo of lauoraiut ureatn. two tilings partly account for this: ono is that a majority of tho men set to preach aro out of tneir real vocation, troou pastors tliov may bo, but lit preaeliors thev aro not: uuouier is inaitnoso with more aptituilo ior pieacning io not yet uniiorsianil tlio moans to do cmpioyqit to attain their oujeci. aometimes tlio preacher has somo conception of the needs of human na tiiro, una knows t nil the truest truths fall to move when put before men in a .1.-11 . . . ... nun, ury way; perhaps lie does Ills best to acquire a good stylu, and succeeds in making an ubly-written discourse Hut when ho comes into his pulpit to give it to ids people, vhero is tho Impression ii Buuum prouueor want becomes of his choice words, his considered son- n mm .. .. wiiuear lucre nicy no upon tlio page ho holds: ho proceeds to read them. V, hy do thoy full of any result? It is tor want of delivery, of tho oratorical art Of milkincr llinro wnnla lnll Tlla faithful ellbrt goes for llttloj ho seems in.-, uuiiiurs 10 uo reading something jouiem, as no is, not to bo speakin, to thom from tlio heart. -i "Is your wifo a Democrat or a Unnuli, lican," asked ono citizen to anothor. In a store, recently. "Sho's neither," was wu juuuijjt response, ami men, glnnc ng cautiously around, and sinking lib voice to n , nottreo whlspor, ho oxolalmod "faho's a Homo Ruler.'' Ono reason why people do not vlsl stores tlint do not ndvortlso Is beoauso thoy do not wish to disturb tho boy who a umtujg w jiuiui ijujiuhI U.Q COUlUOr. Ti Hid Id ninmii' nml mnuni la for wlion you.givo tvventy-iivo cents to u co up io qi irumps it is a quarter to r" wn Ingenious Contrivances. l'Mliilrlntii Situr.1t j N'IkIiI, Tho smallest cnglno in tho world Is now in tho possession of John l'cnn, in Greenwich, Kngland, thu eminent mak er of great engines. It will stand on a thrce-H!nny piece. It really covers less siiace, for Its base plato measures only tliree-olgbthsof an inch by three tenths. So small aro somo of tho parts that thoy require n powerful magnifying glass to sco their form. Tho wholo weight of the model is less than a three-penny piece. It works ndnilrnbly, nnd when working Its crank-shnft performs tin al most Incredible number of revolutions in n minute. A library In tho museum nt Cnosnl. (iernmny Is mudo from tlvo hundred Kuronoun trees. Tho bnek of each vol ume is formed of tho bark of a tree, tho sides of the perfect wood, tho top of vounir wood, and tho bottom of old When opened, the book is found to bo a box, containing tlio tiowcr, seed, milt, ntiu leaves oi ino tree, cither tinea or imprinted on'wnx. Human art and skill nro chasing hard tiller naluro oven, if thoy never como nearer overtaking It than In tho follow ing ellbrt of surgical science, thousands ol mninieusuiierers will still liavu ctitiso to rejoice: A gentleman of Murblchcad. Mass., who, by sad misfortune, had lost a large portion ol tlio roof of his mouth, together with tho soft palate, atmconsc (inenllv thu ruin of his nrttniilnltnii nnd easo of eating and drinking, entered a menu's oiitce in iiosion, recently, nnd and presented for ids inspection an in genious plceo of mcchnnlsm. invented and constructed for him, at tho request of a famous surgeon, uy Mr. Dudley, Sr., of Salem. It was no less than on entire roof for tho mouth, with several teeth mounted thereon: also both a hard and soft palate. With this artificial substitute for the natural organs, the gentleman convinced his friend by actual trial that ho could sneak plainly, and declared that ho could cat and drink as well ns before his misfor tune. Ho asurcd lnni that ho would not lako ten thousand dollars for the doctov's artificial work, and expressed much gratitude for tlio excellent scrvico of tho skillful dentist. Wo thought tno invention sufllelcntlv ttlnrotltmia liv wlllnli tlm nnlllnii'nm w. ' , ........... .....v.. l, . . i , u HVIUIUIV' ed to draw their own drink, setting tlio pump strcm running by their moro weight on a scnlo platform beforo tho water trough; but tho following contri vance of adjusting tho two habits and manners of two species of creatures at tho sumo time, so as to save life and property, is certainly much moro iuge nlous it deserves to bo called witty. A bee-raiser in Now England is said to havo patented nn invention for tlio protection of bees from tho attacks of tho honcymoth, which enters thu hives nt night and rillcs tlio stores. Tho idea roo out of his familiarity with t'o dally routine, not oi uccs otuy, out oi liens. Hens, ho observed, retired to restcarlv: bees seek repose earlier still. No soon er are they sunk in slumber than tho moth steals into their abode and devours the produce of their toll. Ilo has now built a stand ol hives with a lieu houso above it Tlio bees llrst bctnko them selves to their dwellings nnd scttlo them selves for tho night. Tho hens then como nomo. to roost on tneir percli, nnd, ns they tnko their placc3 upon it, their weight sols somo simple mechanism to work which at onco shuts down tho doors of nil tho hives. When tho day dawns, however, tho hens leave their roost, and tho removal of their weight from tlio perch raises tlio hivo doors and gives ........ 1... .!-. I... ., . egress ionic uccs in iimeior iiieirmorn ing's work. Ancient Uses of Skins nnd Leather. Shoe and Leather tti'po tor. In these days of steel pens and noto paper but littlo thought is given to tho fact that our trado was nnioiij; tho first to provldo man with an artielo whereon ho could inscribe tlio history of his times and hand It down lntcst and woll pre served for tho enlightenment of future generations. Mnny havo forgotten, or, perhaps, never knew, Unit' tho skin of lininmls nnd leather in its manufactured stato, with nwls and thorns for pens, comprised about tho cntiro stock iu trido oi the ancient stationary store. Skins most ccnornlly used for this purposo wero tho30 of tho sheep, tho goat and the ass. Tho Fenians of old em ployed them for writing their records, as iiui niso tno nncient lonians. uuehnnan found in India a copy of a lnw written on a roll of leather fifteen feet long: nnd many similar rolls aro known to ex ist, somo extending to tho extraordinary length of 100 feet. Even fish skins wero not despised. Tho Mexicans em ployed them also. Pergament, or parchment, ns wo now call it, takes ts namo from its being first used by Eu- mcnes, King o! Pergnms, about 800 vear3 beforo tho Christian era. it is sum mat tlio immcdinto causo of tlio Introduction of parchment was n de- cisloir on tho part of Ptolmoy, King of Egypt to prohibit tlio exportation o purenmont irom mat country. this caused Eumcncs to incito his subjects to discover a substitute, junny writers hold that Eumcncs was not tho causo of tho origination of parchment, but of thu Improvement of tho old mcmbrana, or parchment of tho inferior kind. At any rato, it is from introduction of parchment or vellum that wo data tho first stop toward tho modern form of books. Mcmbrann, an Inferior kind of parch mcnt, was also used. In order to pro puro tills, the skin was separated he tween tlio hide nnd tho llesli, and, bv working nnd rubbing with quickllmo, was lormeu into leaves nt ior mo pur poses of tho writer. This form of writ ing matoriul was extensively employed uy mo uourows ami ino ureoKS. THIS IIONl'.V IIIIICS- Bec3 havo always been spoken ot aa modola of persoverauco; and tho following from tho pen of Prof. Agassiz shown Bomo other good features thoy possess : Th o boo hivo consists when iu full activity, of ono queen; sevo'al hundred droncs.nud many thousand working boos. Theso constitute n commuuity by which n combined' system of labor is carried on transcend ing in many respect h tho most complicated actious of man himself. Their structure shows no organ similar to tlioso by wliiob tho mental functions aro manifested ic tho Higher animals in man, They havo no brain proper, nor docs thoir nervous system correspond in any way to that of tho vertebrates. A rather vordunt young man, conceit ed and eensorlous, whiio talking ton young lady at n party, pointed to n cou plo that ho supposed to bo in nn adjoin ing room, nnd said: "Just look nt that conceited young, prig 1 Isn't it perfectly absurd for such boys to go into soci ety?" "Why," exclaimed his oora panioni "that isn't -a door, it's a mir ror. LATE NEWS. ClcHcrnl Nwh Kiiiiiiuary. Tho hurrlcano which pnssctl over por tions of Minnesota, on tho afternoon of July ICtli was very destructlva In its results, The town of New Ulm about Ki miles from St. 1'aul, containing a population of about 8,000, mis nlinost totally obliterated. H nppear that two currents of air swept tlio vnllty simultaneously, coming from different directions. Utono and brick buildings wcro razed to their foundations nnd tho air was fall of debris. Tho town and its suburbs nrcn mass of rains. West Newton In the neighboring county of Nicollet was visit ed and a family of three killed. In the town of 8cvcrancc,ncar by,tlio killed w ere Martin Frank, Joseph Kltlubo, wlfo nnd thrco children, nml ono child badly woundcd,belng tlio solo survivor of tho family. In West Newton, n child of George Thomas, Mr. Loonrf, and an old gentle man whoso name Is not known wcro killed. Ho was found with his hands clapcd around a tree, In New L'lm, John l'ulmnulst, Mr. I.uorsch and wife nnd child, probably fatal, H. Tldclcr serf oinly nnd probably fatal, J. Kuntr. arm nnd leg broke and cut George Kogcl nnd wife, serious- ly; Carl Klubcl, M. Ilcltz, Jacob Miller, leg broken. Mr. Warner midwife, tcrlouslyj Mr. Nelson nnd William Shnepant, Internally nnd very seriously; J. Schulengcr, badly cut by glass, in the town of Mllford, ,1. rflfcr. was seriously Injured, and three other persons, the extent of whose Injuries was not yet ascertain ed. Tlie country Is peopled almost wholly by Germans, many of whom were absent nt Minne apolis at tho time attending tlio Turnfest. The wires went down In Commerce river, and only meagre reports nrc given. Hon. rhlncns W. Hitchcock died at Omaha July 11th. He was born at New Leba non, N. Y., November 30, 1831. After receiv ing n common school education lie entered Williams college, from which ho graduated In 1855. Among his classmates wero James A. Garfield and Senator Ingalls of Kansas. In 18f7, ho removed to what was then the territory of Nebraska where he opened a law and real estate olllcc. In tho following year ho married Miss Annlo M. Moncll, daughter of Dr. Gilbert C. Moncll, then one of tho leading citizens of the territory. From the first Mr. Hitchcock took nn nctlve interest lu political affairs, nnd nlwnys ns n Itepubllcan. In ISfiO ho represented Nebraska In tho national Republican Convention at Chicago, which nominated Abraham Lincoln for l'rcsl dcxt. In 1601 ho was appointed United States Marshal for Nebraska, and In lSftl wa9 elected to Congress as territorial delegate. Soon after tho expiration of ids term lu Congress ho was appointed hy President Johnson surveyor gen eral of Iowa and Nebraska, with headquarters at Plattsmouth. Ho held this position until 1S0S, when ho returned to Omaha, nnd opened an Insurance and law office. In 1871 he was elected to the United States Senate as tlio successor of General John M. Thayer, and served the full term of six years, taking quite nn active part In the legislation of thnt period. A tcrriblo cyclone visited a portion of Minnesota July Hth. In the vicinity of Fair field postofllco It was especially destructive. The homo of Wesley Havener was prostrated and the family left out of doors bereft of ciery- tning except tlio clothes on their bodies. None of them were dangerously hurt. Four out of Ave horses were killed outright- Next tho storm took a wagon bridge of a single span, lifted It from Its foundation, turned it over and dropped it forty rods down the river. Near the bridge stood nsmnllblackinllh shp, which was utter ly destroyed, and passing into the blacksmith's house tore It to pieces, hurling the man's wife and two children quite n dlstnnco from tho building. The mother nnd both children wcro dangerously injured. Next In tho courso of de struction camo tho 6tono building of Mrs. Geo. Truln, in which she lived and kept a 6toro mid postofllcc. Sho and her children and clerk re mained lu tlio houso till the windows blow In, wnen nicy ran out ana lay on tho grass. They had scarcely got out wjieu the building was blown to pieces and with all Its contents scat tered over tho prairie. Tho next house visited was that of Henry Miller, which was unroofed, and tho upper part of It blown away, with nil the clothing, leaving the Inmates tho tho mercy of tho elemcuts. Several other houses wero blown down and destroyed, Including a church. Not far from Carroll a house totally disappeared, and two lives wcro lost. Tho Treasury Department at Wash ington, July lUth, appointed Jas. Law, Itchlca, N. Y.s James n. Saudeis, Chicago, 111., and E. Thayer, West Mcwton, Mass., a commission to be known as tho Treasury Cattlo Commis sion. Tlio duties of tho commission will be to Invcstlgata all cases of dlscaso known as pleuro pneumonia In neat cattlo which shall be re ported to It, especially along tho dividing lino between tho United States and Canada, and along lines of transportation from nil ports In tho United States to all porta from which cattle arc exported, and perform such other duties as may from time to tlmo bo prescribed by the secretary wiiu rciercuco io me uiscaro iu orucr that cattlo shipped from ports in tho United States nnd foreign ports may bo known nud certified to bo free therefrom. Tlie Commission has been Instructed to meet In Washington as soon as convenient for the purpore of adopting sucn regulations as may ucuccmed proper, rue compensation of the members of the commission when actually engaged will be $10 each per day and actual necessary expenses. Tho Secretary of tho Treasury has awarded a gold life saving medal to tho famous Ida Lowls, now Mrs. Ida Lewis Wilson, In recognition of her services In rescuing a number of persons from drowning since tho passage of tho act authorizing such rewards. Tlio lossos in Now Ulm, Minn., by the recent cyclone, as nearly as can bo found out aro as follows: Catholic Cathedral and Nun ncry, completo wrecks, loss 510,000; HauBinau's brewery, completely demolished, 12,000 to '515,- 000; Ephlo's block, complete wreck, loss H, 000; W. V. Mollon, storo bndly wrecked, loss fl,000; houso demolished, loss ?350; Dr. Wclseke, loss on building ?350, lots on stock of drugs, $7,000, residence, $2,000; Duesmim Buck's block, badly damaged, loss (2,000 Schmaclier's brewery, badly damaged, loss J3, 000 to $1,000; Esuko Buck, store completely de molished, loss $3,000; public school building, roof oil an-' part of tho north Wall gone, loss $9,000; the Methodist, Luthern nnd Congrcga- tlonnllst churches nro entirely domollshed losses ranging from $20,000 to 10,000, tho largest losses sustained. Thcrolsnot n build- Ing but what is more or less damaged. A dcstmetlvo firo occurred In Syra cuso, N. Y., July 10th. Tho Welting Opera House, no of the handsomest In tho Stale, was among tho buildings destroyed. Tho total loss Is $100,000; Insuranco, $27C,000. On tho same day n disastrous fire occurcd In Cincinnati, with a loss estimated at $225,000; Insurance, $200, 000. At East Saginaw, Mich., a saw mill, largo quantity of lumber and other property wcro burned, with a total loss ot $100,000; In surance, $75,000. At Irvlngton, N. Y., Lord & Ilurnliam's horticultural bulltllugs burned, Loss, $10,000; Insuranco, $32,000. Tho Roman Cuthollo Presbytery nt Hoxton Falls, Canada, burned on tho 18th, and Father Larno' .perished In tho flames. It is reported thnt Keono, Tlood Mackey, and others are rapidly organizing their new telegraph scheme, and Unit tho work ot building will be begun at once. 'It U Intended within a year to have nn cxtcsslvo rcrvlco es tablished In nil the principal paying points In the United SUtes. Alt branches of business now pei formed by the Wciteru Union will bo carried on by the new management, but under different orgnn'xitlons. Ono special feature of tho general commercial nnd telegraph depart ment will lie n system of receiving nnd trans mitting night messages, which will be dropped In tho postofflcc ns soon ns received, nnd for which nn unparalleled low rntc will bo charged. A Winonn, Minn., special of July 18, i gays: rnul Hold, n Swiss emigrant, who had lately bought a farm In Eagle Creek vnlley, bo- camo insano tnrougn tlio failure of crops nnd homesickness. On Sunday morning, July 17th, ho wns found dead In tho fiont room of his house his wife nnd two children dead In tlio next room three children dead In bed upstairs nnd tho two oldest boys In a liny-loft mortally wounded. They were nil shot In the head. One lioy may recover. A revolver was found in the house. tiio J'lonccr 1'rcss advices, of July 18th, from Sitting Hull's camp within eight miles of Bufnrd, say ho Is coming In, In chnrgo of Scout Legare. Capt. Clifford has gono out to receive ins surrender. The special says the Indians nro almost starved most of them nro dismounted, nnd nil nro discouraged. Five chiefs and two hundred bucks, women nnd ciiiiurcn nro In the band. Tho London Post says by an arrange ment concluded between the German Tclecrranli Company, and the Berlin and German Union Telegraph Company, an Independent cable will be laid from Germany to Vnlcncla and thence to the United States. Tlio cost Is 165,000 and the capital will be raised by nn Issue of prefer ence, the shnrcs bearing five and a half per cent Interest. Llout. Rny, of tho U. S. Signal Corps, sailed from San Francisco, July 18th, with nine companions on tho f chooncr Golden Fleece for Point Barrow, Arctic ocean, where he will es tablish n station for meteorological observation. A house ready for erection, Instruments for ob servation and provisions for thrco years are comprised In the outfit of tho expedition. Late advices from China indicnto tlio recall of tho Chinese Educational Mission established In Hartford, Conn., in 1672. The cause of this nctlon is not clearly understood, oui ii is cxpecicu tne ooys will soon start for home. There nrc about 100 now studying In this country, of whom 60 are In colleges or technical schools. The new s of a boiler explosion comes from Wntertown,ncarMarrletta, Ohlo.whero the holler of a portable saw mill wns literally blown to atoms from a tank of water. Herman Brock- way and Eugene Barclay were Instantly killed. Isaac Johnson lias slncu died, nud liobcrt Alex- nndcr and Win. Cornes are pro'jably fatally In jured. Tho army worm lias appeared in de structive numbers in localities in Indiana, Mich igan, Illinois nnd Iowa, its ravages so far hav Ing been confined to the oats crop. Fanners should estimate and provide for daugcr from this source next year. Tho log crop of tho Mississippi nnd tributaries Is being delivered at the mills rapid ly. Not more than 40 per cent yet remains on the rlvers and In the main booms, nnd these aro being turned out at the rato of 10,000,000 tol2.- 000,000 feet per day. Tlio wholesale drug storo of J. E. Davis & Co., nt Detroit, was burned July 20, irom me second uoor to the roof. Loss, $50, 000; Insurance $85,000. A fireman named Thomas McQuoIn was killed by the sudden fall ing of the roof. Sitting Hull and nbout 200 of his peo ple arrived at Ft. Buford, July 20th, nnd sur rendered their arms nnd ronles to Major Broth crton. The Government has accented the sur- rendor In good faith. Tho Attorney Goncrnl lios given a decision that tho Commissioners of Soldiers' Homos have no right to bounty land warrants turned over to them as part of the effects of de ceased soldiers. It is reported thnt tlio grasshoppers appeared out on tho Dakota prairies and that the wheat Is threatened. There Is no very re liable Information or confirmation of the report. Tho totnl number of immigrants land ed at New Yoik from tho 1st of January to July 10th, Is 201,143. For tlie corresponding period last year the arrivals were 187,418. Tindolph &.Co., grain dcalorsof Vin- cennes, Ind., have suspended payment, and re" tired from the contrel of elevator A. Their li abilities are said to be heavy. There woro 437 iron furnaces in blast in tho United States on tho 18th Inst. For the same dato In 1877, there wcro but 250. Tho New York legislature on tho 10th succeeded In electing Sillier for tho long term to tho United States Bcnatc. A storm in Chicago, July 20th, did somo damage to property. One littlo girl was killed by lightning. A railway coll islon occurred hTMnss achusetts, July 19th, by which thrco lives were lost. Up to July 20th tlio Mrs. Garflold fund had reached $1I",X)00. Crime and CriiuInulH. A special of July 18th to tlio Mllwaukco Smthul, from Arcadia, n small hamlet on tho Green Bay & Minnesota llntlroad, In Trcm pealeau county, gives tho details ot tho horrible murder ot eight persons, and suicide, by nn In sano German farmer named Paul Hess. It seems that Hess was engaged In tho fields July 10th haying, and It being excessively hot, his mind was ellected. Continuing at work Hess soon showed 6lgnsof violent Insanity. left tho field alioutuoou nnd started for homo If to get his dinner. On rencnlng hU houso nnncd himself with a" revolver nnd proceed to tho kitchen, whero his wlfo nnd tev children, ranging from two to fifteen years age, wero seated nt tho dinner table. Immediately attacked his oldest son, shooting him dead. The other children wcro eo frightened ns to bo unable to escAei and tho Insano father shot four more, kllBig them all Instantly. Ills wlfo aud tho moBicr ot the murdered childi en attempted to stafher husband's mad rage, but shared tho fato J her children. Tho two surviving young ones .uo-. cceded In getting out of the home, but Hess secured anas and quietly dispatched them also. After completing his bloody work, ho placed tho pistol to his head and put a bullet through his brain. The crime was not discovered until tho 18th, when n farmer, having occasion to visit the Hess farm, found ono of tho sons, who had been struck with tlio axe, still alive. H was ho that related tho above horrlblo story. Hess was always a peaceable man, nnd well known In Trempenuleau county for his amiable dispo sition. Medical ski has been secured for tho wounded boy, but it Is doubtful If ho can live, ns his head Is split open. -ri ci 11. C 11 T..1.. 1D11. Vl'Ull ouillli opuuiui u uuiy loui,, says Greenlcaf, near Ft. Gibson, In tho Chero kee Nation, a point about do nines west oi eu Smith, 'wis tho sccno of a horrible tragedy on July 10th. Creek nnd Cherokee Indians wero having a barbecue preparatory to nominating their candidates for tho ensuing election next month, nnd whisky flowed as frco as milk nnd honey In the promised land. Two full blooded Indians, Bill Lovell and Dcrr Track, becamo fighting drunk, nnd In their drunken frenzy made nn onslaught on somo of tho party, nnd seven men were killed nnd mortally wounded, Two men, Jim Bnttcrwalt nnd his fulher, wcro tho first shot nnd had their heads completely served from their bodies by thocraied demons. Tho murderers are at large, no efforts being tnado to arrest them. Somo weeks nco J. J. Dickinson. Jr.. son of the lafo General Dickinson, lato Adjutant ucncral ol llorlda, had a difficulty with n saloon-keeper named Beech, In Lccsbure. It was apparently adjusted at the time, out was resumed by Dickinson n fow days ago, when ho took ndvnntago of Beech aid fired two shoU from a double barreled gun nt him nnd made his cscajic, supposing he had killed him. Beech '?. 'cvercly but not dangerously wounded. Dickinson was captured nnd loged In Lccsburg Jail, Florida. At two o'clock on tho morning JUiy io, twcnty-flvo nnncd nnd disarmed men appeared ot the Jail, overpowered tho keeper, and shot Dlckerson twlco lu tho prison, They then took him outsldo and riddled him with bullets. Anloino Vnllco nnd Emmltt Jones, two roustabouts on tho steamer, Lndy Lcc, quarreled on tho lost trip ot tho boat to Kansas City, mid Vallco beat Jones badly on tho head with a stick of cordwood. Jones sworo ho would have revenge, nnd July 10th while Vnllco was sleeping lni hammock on tho boiler deck of tho steamer, ho crept stealthily up to him and put two balls from n 42-callbro revolver Into his breast, killing him Instantly. Tho murderer then escaped by rushing ncross another steamer to tho lovee, nud nt Inst nccounts had not been captured. Col. John G. Woods, 70 years of ago, living alone near Gray's Summit, Franklin county was mysteriously murdered, July 17th. Ills body wns found 80 feet from his door, with throat cut In two places. Two or thrco other knife wounds were found on his pcrsou. Ho was cvcdently murdered In his bed aud after wards carried out ot doors, but by whom or for what motive Is entirely unknown. Ho had some wealth, but lived alone, nnd It wns not known by his neighbors thnt he had any money that cvcnlii'r. Jnmcs A. Atkinson, of Pemiscot coun ty, Missouri, was arrested among tlio Islands of the Mississippi river In that region, July 16th, charged with murdering his wife and child. July 4th, nud throwing their bodies Into tho river. Tho tragedy seems to linvo grown out of family troubles, Atkinson and his wlfo not liv ing together. The bodies havo been recovered. Tho Las Vegas, N. M. Oazdtc has positive Information that "Billy tlio Kid," tlio notorious murderer nnd outlaw, who for several years has been the terror of New Mexican cattlo men, was, on the 14th Inst., killed by Pat Garret. Sheriff of Lincoln county. Garret had been on his trail for some time and on tho 14th over hauled him In n cabin nt Ft. Sumner nnd shot hlmdcnd. "Kid" Is n natlvo of New York city; his real name Is McCarthy. A Kokomo, Colorado special of July 10th, says : In a shooting scrape this morning, Joo Manning wns shot through tho lung nnd Dennis McDonnld was shot through tho thigh nnd was badly beaten about tho head. Both men nro In a precarious condition. Thomas Gllllgan, Charles Madden and Thos. Lowcry were arrested on the charge of committing the deed. Cause unknown. A Santa Fo dlspnteh of July 15th says that two road agents stopped n Japanese hauling with a team from Black Range toward Tombstone, Arizona, robbed and tied him to a tree, nnd then went off with his team. The Japanese escaped and notified tho authorities of Seriorrow county, and on tho IStli lust, tho Sheriff and his posse surprised and killed both of tho robbers near Englcston. One robber was wounded fifteen times. Among tho indictments found by tho Criminal Court grand Jury in Washington re cently, was one against Geo. W. Ingalls, fomcr- ly U. B. Indian Agent at tho Pluto Agency, for presenting falso vouchers, ono for $221, nnd ono for $184, in 1878. It Is alleged that Ingalls Is a defaulter to tho amount of nbout $10,000 to the Uovcrnment.. Ingalls Is said to bo somewhere out west. Geo. W. Soward, a deaf mtito, was ar rested, July 19th, ia Philadelphia, whllr going fromdoor to door soliciting aid to defend the assassin Gulteau. 'InrcplytoaqucstlonSeward wrote on a 6late, "Gulteau Is a Frlnehman, I nm a Frenchman. Ilo Is all right to kill Garfield." A horrlblo murder occurcd nonr Waupaeo, Wfs., July 14th. A shoemaker nam ed Henry Braumcr, was set u;on by thrco men from Oshkosh, and pounded and kicked to death. Tho murder licgan by a fight started by O'Brien, ono ot tho three murderers. Tho Williams brothers.'tho Wisconsin outlaws, uro entrenched in a cave In Eun Galla, near Duraud, nnd aro guarded by thrco huudred men. Governor Smith has been nsked to call out tho militia that they may bo ovcr-powercd and take without loss ot life. Tho dead body of Thomas Uarrlck was found In Pacific avenue, Chicago, July 10th. Tho man Is supposed to havo been pushed down stairs by a colored prostitute with whom he had quarreled, and nearly broke his neck. A building in Jollerson City, N. Y that was lately burned, fell on tho afternoon of July 18th, burylngtwentychlldren under it who wcro gathering wood. Two were taken out dead, and one with both arms broken. Alnbo M. Morrill, tho counterfeiter, wflo escaped from the officers at Morrlstown, Tctin., n few days ngo, was struck by lightning, July 13th, while hiding In the woods to cscapo being nrrcstcd. A Tucson dispatch says that roports fmag from Elpaso say that Gov. Fcrrass,who was cnrouto.for Elpaso, was attaeksd by Indians iiid thirty of his men kll.ed on Wednesday, July 3th. Thomas L. Urayton, United States Deputy Collector of Internal, ntCcntral, Pickens county, S. C, was murdered, July 20th, by illicit distillers. At lied Bank, N. J., July 18th, a do- structlvo firo swept nwny nlno buildings, cnus a loss estimated nt $75,000. Iho town of Wallaco, Mich., consist ing of n saw mill and-25 buildings, wns totally destroyed by fire July IStli. Fred Strodbcok wns fatally, stabbed y John Lytic, nt Sllddlcton, Ohio, July lOtli. i ho murderer wns nrrested. The cxtenslvo, oil works ot Bush & Dcnslaw, Brooklyn, N, Y,, burned July 18th. I.OSS,.fOO,O0O. A firo in East Oakland, California, July 17th, destroyed property valufd at $40,- 000. ' c Tho oxtonsivo lard roflnorv of Itlnn'& Sons, St. Louis, burned, July 18th. Loss, $30 000. A firo nt Ionia, Mloh., July 18th, de stroyed tho Hackctt block. Loss, $14,000. IYowm IVom Abroad. TUNIS. Tho announcement that n sorlous en g8cment took place near Sfax' Saturday, July 10th, Is confirmed. Most ot tho leaders ot tho revolt wero killed. Tho result produced a great Impression on tho Arabs. The French com mander at Sfax has ordered a dlsarmment of tho natives and tho delivery ot tho hostages and the payment of the war Indemnity ot 15,000,000 i francs. Ho also requires that tho Inhabitant, fumlsh tho French troops with all Hie necessary supplies nnd holds thnt tho population Is re sponsible for any net affecting tlio safety of the French army. Dispatches from Sfnx report thnt dur ing the bombardment nnd capture 400 Arabs, wcro killed and 400 wounded. South Tunis la very much disturbed. A dispntch from Romo says that. Bishop Schlaffcno will bo created n Cardinal nt. tho next consistory. Ho has hitherto been di rector of tho iirtmj, tho organ ot the Vatican.. A distinguished prelate will succeed him In the directorship. Arrangements hnve betn mndei for tho circulation of tho Aurora lu tbe snmei wny as ordinary newspapers. IUEI.AND. Tiio agricultural laborers Im many parts of Cork, dissatisfied nlderlvingno benefits from tho Improved circumstances of tlio farmers constituent on tho pnymcnt of reduced rents, contcmplnto striking for higher wages during, harvest. Tho movement Is gaining ground. Patrick Kgan lias purchased tlio Dub lin IrkJanan, thus placing tho wholo of tho na tional Journals In Ireland uudcr tho control ot the Land League. ENGLAND. A meeting culling Itsolf a "Ilcvolutlon- nry Congress" wns held In London on tho night of July IStli. DelcgAtcs from various parts ot Europe nnd America, representing tho cxtrcmo- democratic party, Identified with Herr Most, ino imprisoned socialist, were present. About 7,000 attended, mostly workmen. Bed flags wcrce displayed. Mrs. Lo Compto nn AmcrlcanTladv delegate, described the dlsappolntincnts ofi'small larmcrs going west depending upon tho lllusorv promises of emigrant ngents, nnd how the great capitalists In possession of tho railways oppress tho laborers nnd rnlso tho prlco of food In the- seaboard Suites. Loulso Michael, nn nm ncstlcd communist, then spoke, and male delegates from America, Switzerland- Italy nnd Germany followed. Prince Kropcllng, tho Russian Socialist, applauded the assassination of several Russian generals. It transpired during tho proceedings that tho so cialistic congress prohibited nt Zurich Is sitting: secretly In London. Dean Stanley, of Westminster Abboy, died in London, July 18th. Dean Stanley always spoke In terms of nffcctlonato appreciation of his enthusiastic reception In America and tho largo proportion of American callers at the. Deanery proves that tho estimation In which ho was held In America lias not weakened. In nccordanec with this feeling Dr. Dudley, assis tant Bishop of Kentucky, will preach tho funeral sermon at St. Margaret's, Westminster. A Uorlin dispntch of July 20th say tho Nihilists are holding a conference at 8t Petersburg under the very eyes of tlio govern ment, which, although fully warned of the fact,, aro unablo to discover their placo of meeting IIUSSIA. The Czar, Czarina, nnd Czarowitch, July 12th, without ceremony or Important es cort, went from Peterhof on a steam yacht, landed at the English quay, and drovo in an open cariage to attend mass nt the Fortress Cn thedral In St. Petersburg. Tho Siberian plaguo has made Its appenranco In tho environs of St. Petersburg, and Is spreading with alarming ra. pldlty. Horses' are dying by the score, and many persons arc afflicted. The local authori ties are helpless, owing to 'a want of efficient doctors, and the fact that tho peasants sell tho- skins of tho beasts which havo died of the dis ease. Tho Kieff publishes a telegram from Penltlsf, provience of Korsk, which states that. 10 men nnd girls wcro shut In a barn by the- steward of tho property called "Tho Bolgin,' for refusing to work, and that all wcro burned to death by a village mob setting lira to the- building. Ono person was arrested and con fessed to his shnro hi tho crime. Tho Sultan nas decided to commute tho death scntcco of tho murderers of Abdul. Aziz. By nn iniiopnl ukase, grautcd at tho suggestion of Gen. Ignatleft on tho second In stant, tho scntenco of death passed on Hessey Hclfmann has been commuted. Grand Duke Michael has been appointed President of the Imperial Council, and Grand Duko Ales Grand Admiral. KJiANCE Tho American colony in Faris hold a meeting, July 13th, for the purposo of drawing: up an address of sympathy to President Garfield. The fcto of tho revolution was cele brated In Purls on tho 14th. Tlio whole city was brilliantly Illuminated and flagged. Busi ness, was suspended. Italian Ambassador, has. presented letters of recall to President Grcvy. t Is stated that no successor will be sent to Paris. ITALY. A dispatch from Romo, of July 16th, says: Six men havo been fined and imprisoned for disturbing tlie funeral procession of rope? Plus IX, on Tuesday, July 12th. There was great disorder at tho trial of tho prisoners nnd nnd tho court wns cleared several times. The sentences wcro received with storm, shouts and hisses. A crowd of people numbering between two nnd thrco thousand cheered tho prisoners. on coming out of court, nud followed them shouting: "Down with tho clericals." The soldiers dispersed tho mob, which reassembled nt tlie olllcc ol ono or tlie clerical newspapers and tore down tho bulletin, nnd started for tho Treal Road station to protect tho King and Queen who wcro arriving from Naples, but a cordon of pollco prevented auy demonstrations. "Pray, Brothor A., what is tho ronti- tntlon of Mr. IS. . In. your parish P" "Woll. sir, all I can say Is, that such is tho csti mation of Mr. U., among us thnt whonl read from tho pulpit that pnssago in tlio nsalms, 'Mark the porfect man nml bo hold tho upright,' tho oyos of tho wholo congregation aro not turned to tho part of tho gallery whero Mr. B. sits." i n -It AcIh Nuro him! Safe. The celebrated remedy Klducy-Wort can now bo obtained In the usual dry vegetable form, or In liquid form. It Is put up lu tho latter way for tho especial convenience of tlioso who can not readily prepare It. It will bo found very concentrated and will act with jual efficiency In cither caso. Bco adv. m Answor tan modest malifin "Elolso asks If wo wiy-jllsli lib poem on "Tiio Wnvole&TiWRMiloty With rt. smllet upon our facolot wo reply yes. Writo only on onfoldolotof thosheotlet, Elolso, and put on enough stamplcts. Your poomlet shall have spncolet. Tlio pooplo of u NowIInmnshlro town ( aro so fearfully lafcy that when tho wlfo , .. ....... m.w. ,,UM, llttl, J113I DUlllUU. lu. that town asked a prominent cltlzon if tho inhabltanta geuorally respected tlio Sabbath ond refrained from business, ho replied! Confound it, ma'am, thoy don't do onough work-in a wholo week. JPool Onco Jtlore. Detroit Free l'reii. i 'il mUu )'" wife wns confined to her bed with such comillcat on of aliments ti,,t nmlnetor mnt.1 toll l,.t..' . '""'"'US IUK i V.i t r.T '".VP luv manor or euro her, and I used upV.mll fortuno Tn Thumbul iiNiiS- mon.t1 "80 1 ww a U. 8. flag wltS lion Bitters on It, nnd I thought I would hn fool onco more. I tried it, but my folly uroVed i3JWW" ' 1 "" 1 1 '. U-I'IL,. I J .1 mii)HS!&S