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THE COUNTY PAPER,
My DOllYNS ft WAI.I.KIt. OHEGON. MO t CANNOT Till.!. YOU WHY. I1T 40E!'IIINB rOlXAtlt). When HoWn rnmo a-courtlng mc, A comply youtli was lie, Wlillo I was Imt n country 1am, An Almplr as could bo; I nlwiiyn hliulicil wns 111 nt case Whenever lie was by; AihI feltm very, very queer, 1 cannot tell you wliyl The doners lie brought I Mil away Wllliln a secret nook; Ho never picssnl lmw dear they were, Or knew what pains I took To keep them lorn;; and w licit they grew Quite f.nUsI, old, and dry, My tear ell on them lll;o n dew, I cannot tell you why I Each elft he pave, each word he spoke Tome was vtryili-ur; And yet I was but half inytvlf Whenever ho was near; As restless as the startled fawn, As timid and as shy, 1 was .uid yet ho courted mc, I cannot tell oti why I Oil, there were maidens fair to see, Ucdeokod w.lth many n pein, Who would have smiled delightedly Hail Uobln courted tlictn; And In those strangely pleasant days, I used to wonder why He slighted those, and chose Instead A sweetheart such a I. lie seemed uncertain of his fate, Until one summer day He came and told mo quietly, That he was going away; When I at once grew sick nt heart, And thought that I should die; Oh, lovers, who arc loath to p.irt, l'ethaps you'll tell me why I -And then he urged mo to become His wife without delay; As If I hail been stricken dumb, I had no words to say; My heart beat fast; my Hps In vain Essayed to make reply; Hut Hohln did not go away I need not tell you why. lMtACTlCAL SCIENCE. Surpnry nml IMectrlcIt y. Trouvo's utilization of electricity in combination with surgical Instruments is bearing fmit. A easo is recorded from Vienna, in which u doctor has suc ceeded in curing a cancer in tlio stom ach, mainly by tlio assistance rendered by the polyscope. Tlio electric probe, which rings a bell when a ball or any metallic substanco imbodded in tlio muscles is readied, is highly prized by army surgeons, and an application of tlio same principle to surgical forceps lias enabled a Berlin oculist to savo the oyo of a workman which was damaged by the intrusion of a spark of steul. This case had becomo so urgent that it was necessary to extract tlio piece of metal without delay or to excito tlio uyo; but Dr. HirAlibcrg, by inserting n soft iron probo and subsequently converting It into an elcctro-mognet, withdrew the particle of metal ami saved tlio oyo. Why tlio I'rulrles ore Trcelrss. A curious and interesting explanation of tlio nbsonco of trees on tlio great western prairies was given tit tlio meet ing of the ncademy of natural science by Sir. Thonias Sleeham. Numberless theories havo been advanced by students in natural history why thogrent feeding grounds of the bull'ulo should bo without arborescent vegetation, tiio principal one which is supported by distinguished authors being that of climatic iutlucnco. Sir. Meehani's theory is tliat tlio absence of trees is duo to artificial causes alto gether. Taught by their necessities the early Indian mad it a practice annual ly to lire tlio high grass of tlio prairies, -which had tlio cfiect of making tlio growth luxuriant and consequently tiinfn tntrltlnn- 4i tlin vnt linrila nf liuf. falo, on which, tlio abonginics depended greatly for sustenance. It has been con clusively settled that no vegetation, savo tlio hardy pralrio grass, will appear on ground ovor which tiro lias swept until auothor season, so that tlio yearly prairie lircs oxtonded tlio area of tho plateau until tlioy had becomo almost measureless. Mr. Medium cited several instances of where trees had grown when the firiug had been discontinued. Tho hypothesis was both pleasing and plausablo, and has excited some discus sion among tho savants. Theory of Luminous l'ulut. rrogrcniof Science. Light is supposed to bo tho vibration of an oxtrcmolv olastlo fluid called ether, which Is supposed to fill tho whole of space, and which, set In motion by tho vibration ot tno luminous sourco itself, produces upon our oyes tho sen sation of light. Now, it is thought that tho waves of light communicate tliolr motion to tlio particles of tho paint, which start into energetic vibration, continue- long after tlio oxelting causo is withdrawn. When wo ring a bell tho blow of tlio hammer communicates Its motion to the particles of tho boll, which start into action, imparting their motion to tho porticlcs of air, which transfor tho vibrations to tho drum of tho ear, and produco the sensation of sound, which grows fainter ahd fainter anil fainter, until at last it dies away, when tho par ticles of tho boll aro onco moro at rest; so It is with tho luminous paint and all other phosphorescent bodies, tlio parti cles of which, when disturbed by tho waves of ether, yielded light for a time, which decreases in brilliancy as tlio par ticles grew less and less; they, too, liko tho particles of n boll, require periodi cal renewals of tlio forco that affords llicm their motion. Hulphnto of Copper. Frofessor Rcmsen, of tho John Hop kins Unlvorslty, Baltimore, Maryland, has made thu discovery that when cop per is deposited from a solution of sul phate of copper on a pinto of iron In a magnetic field It Is arranged in ridges around thu poles of the magnet aiufin directions whicli aro at right angles to tno linos oi iorco, ana, consequently, coincident with tlio lines marking tho oqulpotenlial surfaces. Further, tlio outlines of tho poles of tho magnet aro always sharply defined on tho plate, as along theso lines a portion of thu iron of greater or less width is left un acted upon. Pormanont or electro magnets may bo employed in ropoating tho experiments. Tho plates ot Iron aro tuna prepared: -lake ordinary fer rotype iron, which can bo had from any dealer in materials for photngropliors. Cut tho sheet In sizes to suit tlio mag nuts. Keiuovo the surface contlujr bv placing tho iron in a bath of caustic sodii. Hend up tho plates on all sidos so as to form shallow vessels. To pro- vent rusting It is bettor to leave tlio plates in tho bath until tlioy aro needed. .After tho plato Is made iuto a vessel, it Is washed successively with water, ti Httlo ordinary concentrated hydrochlo ric acid, nnd ngaln water. Tho bottom of tho vessel Is dried and placed In po sition on tho poles ot tho magnet, nnd lastly tho solution of copper sulphate is poured in, l'orm of tlio I.lKlitnlliK-ltoil. Oermsnlown Telegraph. The subject of tho proper form of light mug-conductors, long a disputed one among selentlllo men, has recently been experimentally Investigated by Sir. V, II. I'rerce, with tho result of continuing .1 . . 1 t 1 .!. mu pusuiim ui rmiuuiy, mill uiu sec tion of a rod is tho essential clement. Tho advocates of rods of largo surface, such as ribbons, tubes, eto., among whom was tlio lalo rrofessor Henry, conclude, from the fact that static elec tricity resides upon the surface, that electricity of high tcnlon, such as u lightning discharge, is better conducted nwtiv bv'a largo extunt of surface. Sir. l'receo slated that no direct experiments had, so far as ho was aware, over been made to settle flic question, which was an Important one, as the acceptance of the surtiico tucory nan led to tno em ployment of unsightly and costly con ductors, when a simple rod would answer nil purposes. 1 liu experiments wcro made in tho laboratory of Dr. Warren tie la Hue, and had tho advan tage of his advieo and assistance. In tho first experiment copper conductors thirty feet long, in thu form of a solid rod, a thin tube, and ribbon, each of precisely tlio same mass, were used. Tho electricity was obtained from J1210 chiorldo-of-sifvor cells, and accumulated In a condenser of a capacity of -12.8 micro-farads. Tlio sudden dlschnrgo of tills quantity of electricity produced re suits similar In character to lightning. It was eapablo of completely dellagrat ing 'J Indies of platinum wire of .0125 inch diameter, and of raising to differ ent degrees of hieandoseeneo greater lengths. Such wire, alllxcd to n white card so as to record tlio effect, was used to measure the discharge after It had passed through tho conductor. Each form of conductor gavo tho same result in the deflagration and heating of tlio platinum, .showing that different extents of surface had no effect. As It might be thought that, in copper conductors of such length as thoo used, differences in conductivity could not bo readily de tected, the experiments were repeated with lead conductors, tho resistances of which wcro twelve times that of copper, with tlio sumo results. An experiment, to doterniino how closely variations in tlio discharge could bo estimated, shows that a change of resistance of livo per cent could havo been easily detected. Sir. Prccec, therefore, concludes that no moro effective lightning-conductor than n simple rod or wire ropo can bo de vised. llaccs Which Como to America. London Dally Kcwa. Our Now York correspondent, iuo on tiuuation of ills previous telegrams, fur nishes us with later information as to tho immigration into that city. It goes on increasing in volume as it proceeds. Tho movement is a European one, and it Is not, therefore, posslblo to explain it by any merely local, or even national circumstances of tlio movement. It is noticeable that tho great bulk of thu Im migration is supplied by Germany and by thu countries akin to Germany in race and faith. The nations of Latin or Celtic raco and of tho Roman Catholic religion seem to havo lost tho inipulso of colonization which they displayed in former centuries. Spanish, America, Brazil, Lower Canada and many por tions of what aro now tho United States show that Spain, Portugal and Franco onco hud tlio impulse, now apparently spent, of foreign settlement. It may revive. To tills there is an exception in tho easo of one Celtic and Koinan Cath olic country. Tlio number of immi grants coming to Now York from Ire land is next in Its total amount to that proceeding from Germany) and, taking the proportion of thu population from which it is drawn, is greatly in excess of It. Its quality Is as remarkable as its quantity. Our correspondent de scribes it as consisting of skilled artisans nnd of families bringing a considerable amount of capital with them. Tlioy movo Westward to settle on freeholds in Nebraska and Colorado. They de scribe themselves, if wo rightly under stand our correspondent, as driven out of Ireland, not by tho tyranny of tho British Government, but by tho pro ceedings of the Land League Tho character of tho men is shown by their plans, as well as by tho fact that tlioy como sunnllcd with ings, no doubt, of Industry and thrift. Allowed as little fair play in Ireland by Sir. Parnell and his associates as by hard landlords and a vicious Land law, Instead of loafing and lounging in tho groat towns, tlioy movo Westward to re claim and cultivate holdings of their own. a no united states is to bo con gratulated on the men whom tlioy aro gaining, and Ireland and tho United Kingdom may deploro tho loss of an element in Irish society which can ill bo spared. Paying Old Salaries, Between 1777 and 1781 tlio Territory of Tennessee (really part of North Car olina) maintained a State Government under tlio namo ot "l-niiiklyn." In tho old records quoted onco by Danioi Wobstcr in a Congressional speech stand tho following curious statements of tho way payments were mado in a tinio when people had no current money "Ho it enacted bv the General Assom- bly of tho State of Fr.mklyn, mid It is horoby enacted by tlio authority of tho Banio: That from tlio first day of Jan uary, 1779, the salarlos of tho officers of this Commonwealth bo as follows, to Wlti ins j-.xcciicncy, tno uovernor, per annum, i,uuu door skh.s; "His Honor, tho Chief Justlco, COO dcor skins, or 000 raccoon skins; "Tho Treasurer of tho Stato, -150 rac coon skins: "Clerk of tho IIouso of Commons, zuu raccoon skins; "Slember of Assembly, por diem, inreo raccoon skins; "Entered into a law tho 18th day of October, 1778, under tho great seal of tho Stato." Iho well -worn bm-losmio of tlio "leather-modal" suggosts a vaguo ro- lurunuo io mo nmos wnon sums wcro tlio only money. Ono letter out of every 300 sent Is unclaimed in tho ofllco to which it coos. One luttor in 28!) sent turns up at tho dead letter office. Ono lottor out of every!), 100 sent is hold for postogout tho ofllco of mailing and this amounts to near .100,000 in a voar. Sloro than I 200,000 letters every year aro Insuffici ently addressed. Ten thousand letters uiinjuur uenrno superscription wnat over, and those letters often contain re mittances of groat vnluo. Sloro than 200,000 foreign letters fall to roach tho persons to whom they aro addressed. KMHJUENT W0K1S. fourth of .Inly Oration nf Hon. Umrry A. Slorrs nt (Irancl Itnplils, Mich. Tho Hon. Emery A. Storrs. of Chlcn- cago, some ueeks ngo consented to de liver l no i-ottriii oi .Jtuy oration nt Grand KapliK Upon hcarlngof thoattomptcd assassination no telegraphed tho Com mltleo of Arrangements that his an pointmont must bo cancelled, ns ho was in no mood to speak, nnd wns of tho opinion that such a demonstration as had been arranged for was out of place. Tho people, however, Insisted upon his coming, nnd ho finally consented to do so, but would not deliver tho oration ho had prepared fort ho occasion. In ldnnn. however, ho made n short oxtemporo rpeecii, which was us iouows: Slit. PnnsiDKNT ash Fi:u,ow Cm y.v.ss: I nm no stranger In this beauti ful city. I know Its marvelous growth, I am familiar with Its wonderful mate rial and physical prosperity. I know its business men. I know tho breadth of its culture. 1 know Its lofty and splen did nnd patriotic heroism. 1 know that I am addressing a liberty-loving, n God- iearing, aim law-auuting people. I como to you on tho occasion of tho anniversary of the greatest political nnd moral event recorded In tho annals of history. I como hero, in this beautiful grove In this city of happy and con. tented homes, under these clear summer skies, with my cheeks refreshed nnd cooled by tho soft nnd fragrant breezes Hearing a saouoncd soul nnd n very heavy heart. Sly friends, how can I speak to you? Sly heart is not here, my soul Is not here, your hearts aro not hero, your souls are not here. Hut across tho leagues and leagues of terri tory, by tho bedside of tlio patriotic rresuiein, witu every gasp and every moan, by thnt nearly widowed wlfo anil those nearly orphaned children, thero witu mj soul nnd your souls this very moment nro fifty million mourners. Wo stand in tho presence of tin im pending nnd nn awful calamity. Wo stand under tlio dark wings of a dread ful tragedy. Wo stand to-day, 60,000, 000, sufferers and mourners, by the couch of ono who novcr would havo harmed a human bcinir. and whoso groat soul never entertained, nnd whoso nlmost inspired volco nover uttered, n thought that did not carry witli it a blessing to his human kind. If thoro nro no tears in our eves tills dav. it is to tho innato honor of our peopio that our souls aro bathed with them tills instant, admonished by tlio words thnt como from him. I bring you no tidinirs that von havo not already Hoard. All 1 can say is this: if tho hopes, if tlio prayers for tho interest of a great nation can prevail with im Almighty God who holds in tho hollow of ids hands tho destinies of Na tions, our beloved President, praiso God, will llvo. Applause In such n presence, thus surrounded, blistered lio tlio tongue, nnd blasted bo tho soul that could uttor or conceivoono thought or ono Idea less comprehensive than tho boundaries of tlio great ocean-washed republic, whoso birth wo havo met hero to-day to celebrate. Tho man who could entertain n thought less lofty, or who in such a presence could renow sectional strifo, should bo whipped naked around tho globo, chased by tho red lightnings of niiinguiy wraiu. i Applause j m such a presenco, how cheap, Sir. President, nro words! In such a presence, how Inadequate is speech! In such a pres ence, how mean and tawdry seem all the adornments of rhetoric! I havo known tlio President almost ns a brother. I havo loved him, and lovo him as n brother. All the inspiration that is in what I titter to you to-day conies from tho depths of tho pure af fection, comes from tlio remembrances of tho friendships of a man who never enieriaincd n thought that was not as white and stainless as the unstained snow. Living, thero is behind him tlio record of an upright and splendid lifts, thoro will bu beforo him a career of magnificent and heroic achievement. Dead, for nil tho ages to come, thero will bo enshrined In tho heart of ovcry imcrican man and woman as a sacred. as a pathetic, as an inspiring jmd a ten dor memory, tho namo of James A. Garfield. Ikonwtliat tho breozo now blowincr from tlio West to the East, winged bv tho Almighty, will carry, as if bv mira- culuus agnrcies tho wafted prayers to to mat smcKcn who, to tno bcd-sido of the President, that the great and tho good President may llvo. Tho soui is Immortal. Ho sure of it. lio suro of it. And there runs to-day from every patriotlo heart on this continent nn in visible wire, which the Almighty has stretched from oach throbbing and pulsating heart, carrying to tlio throne anu Dosom oi mo internal uod tho pray er that tho President may livo. Aiy loilow cui.ons, tbls is a great day. It is always to mo n solemn day; a day not so much for wild and clamorous ro- loloing, ns for calm, serious anil patient roiloction. How proud a spectacle it is to iook upon sucn nn iiiuueiico as it is my distinguished honor this day to con front. Every face beams with patriotic affection for the alllicted ones. Every face carries with it an Intelligent and n lofty purpose. In no vainglorious spirit. nut nitumpting worthily to reach the lofty heart of this splendid audience, to reach tlio glittering summits of a gio.it occasion; in tills spirit shall I speak to you to-day. Our Nation will llvo forever. Ap plause No assassin can destroy it. No bullt has over boon cast, or will bo, which can reach the life of tho United States of America. No organized con spiracy can destroy it. The, man may die, but blessed bu God, tho Nation is immortal! Applauso Immortal bo causo It embalms a truth that is per- Eetual. This Nation is valuablo, not ccauso its territorial extent is vast. Tlio birth of a now nation Is no moro to bo celebratod than tho birth of an Indi vidual, unless tho nation bo a worthy ono. Tho repetition of despotisms wo do not colebrato. Tho recurring anni versaries of their birth wo donotrojoieo over. Wo rojoico to-day, not raoroly because a now nation was born, but bo causo a government at its birth declnrcd that great doctrine that all governments must dorivo their just powers from tho consent of the governed. Thnt is the declaration read to you' to-day. That is tho living, vital prfnciplo which makes the UnltcdStatos of America worth liv ing and worth doing for. As I havo said, wo havo no occasion to boast becauso of our territorial extent. Why, Sir. Presldont, wo did not roll out these prairies; wo did not send thoso majestic rivers (lowing to tlio son, enrry rymg tho white sails of commoroo on their bosoms; wo did not rear these lofty mountains int" the clouds; wo did not pour Into tho bowels of tho earth tho shining heaps of gold and silvor, tho mines of copper and of coal. God did that. It is nothing for us to brag of. Applause This nation Is not great becauso it is bll ) wo aro not to bo hon ored becauso its soil Is fruitful. Wo ' had nothing to do with that. Athens was a small city, of n tcrrlto rial extent not much larger than Grand Rapids. Tho names of tho rich men of Athens havo perished in utter forgetful ncss; nnd the samo sky bends nbovc it to-day which curved over tho wonderful city 2,000 years ngo. Tho old Athens Is dead, because Socrates, Plato, Phidias, and Pericles, tho men who mado Athens, have long since perished from tho earth. Our Naton Is great becauso of tho men and women In it. and that is nit. Thero can bo no great nation without great men, anu mere can uo no great men without noblo and solf-saorificlng wo men. You may show mo countless workshops, thriving cities, nnd com merco so extended thnt its sails shall whiten ovcry son, that It shall stand llko the nngol of tho Apocnlypso with ono foot resting on the scaaud thu other on tno land, utit n you show mo a people without intellect shriveled in moral conception as ft nntion It Is ut terly worthless. Hils nation Is great, because on theso fertile fields, inspired by tho doctrine which tlio Declaration of" Independence nnnounees, wo havo gathered together in a quarter of a century peopio of nil nationalities, nnd speaking all langua ges. Wo aro l'cro from Germ my with its classic and heroic traditions; wo are hero from Ireland, with its splendid im pulses and long histo'-y of wrongs np pmusoj; wo nro tiero from sunny Franco; wo nro hero from over' quar ter oi mo Jinminoio giooo; wo are hero from tho shadows of tho Old South Church, baptized, as it has been, in the waters of n religious faith; wo aro hero from tho fields of Lexington nnd Con cord, where tlio first shot of tlio farmer solldicry was fired, wo nro hero from the South, with lis old chlvalrio spirit oi mo peopio who perisncii willingly, that the great Nation which they in augurated might llvo; wo nro hero, from tho restored South applauso ; wo nro here, brothers to-day; there is no bitterness of heart; here, with united ambitions nnd lofty purposes, resolved that tltis Nation, taking the ilghted lamp of advancing civilization In its hand, shall go forward until it shall ero long bo enthroned on thoso lofty sum mits where its bond shall lio bathed in tlio perpetual sunshino of ovcrlnstinc fame Witli such a theme, how green our fields becomo; with such a theme how happy our homes arc; with such a theme, how politics becomo lifted from tho mire nnd sowers of tho caucus up into tho clear, puro atmosphoro where it em braces nothing smaller than an Ameri can citizen. I thank God to-day, under tills sunshine, with the martyred spirits of great souls looking upon us I thank God that upon tho soil of tho llenublic thoro is no slave No man breathes on this continent to-day that does not draw ft frco breath. I thank God that wo aro no longer a league of contending Slates- but that the patriotic purposes of a great peopio havo made all theso States a na tion, nnd tlioy havo mado that nation frco. I lovo to speak of tho groat citv from .vhlch I came I think of tho old set tlers hero nnditliei-o:! think of the won derful forecast of that peopio who look ed upon that malarial swamp, and saw in it the wonderful commercial metropo lis; think: of tho wonderful forecast of all these people that look upon a wild erness nnd sco in it in tlio near future the most stupendous nnd marvelous empiro that the sun in its courso over shono upon. This is our poople. For around this idea the germinal spirit of our iiisiiuuions mis crystallzed all na tions nnd all tongues. It has mado us a ono and a unit, in an indestructlblo na tionality. Sly good friends, striking this theme, It seems to mo I could pursue It forever. There is n limit to your endurance and uiero is n limit to mine 1 can hardly tell you how gratified I was to' receive an invitation to visit tlio city of Grand Hapids on such an occasion as lids. I can hardly tell you how my heart sank when, covered witli the gloom of this dreadful calamity, I hud to telegraph to your peopio that I had no heart for pub lic speaking, nnd tho engagement must uo canceled. IJut there cumo back throbbing over the wires the splendid words from your President: "Our President is not yet dead, thank God. If ho dies, wo will havo a funeral procession of tlio entire population. Wo want you to deliver tho funeral oration. If ho lives wo want your words of con gratulation." And tho Colonel said: "lou must como." And I came. How gratified I am thnt I came, 1 cannot tell you; but running through all that I have been saying, is that throbbing undcrtono of dreadful anxiety which nothing, nothing can re liove. Sly good friends, Democrats and Re publicans alike, on this great occasion wo can know no differences. Sly good friends, North nnd Smith and East nnd West alike, on thoso great occasions wo know no googcaphy. Patriotism knows neither latitude nor longitudes. It is not climatic. It thrives on tlio cold nnd rugged moimtnin tops of our ox tremest East; it nourishes on tho fortllo fields nnd abounding prairies of thu West; it flowers out nnd blossoms Into splendid fruitago on tlio plantations of tho South. Think of your country and llvo for jour children. It is worthy of it all. Young man, nover fall into tho error of supposing that interest in theso great questions must bo beneath you. It can not. The man who thinks himself abovo politics is making a doublo mistake. Ho is overestimating himself, nnd Is underestimating all that magnificent science whloh should determlno how best tlio Intorests of 60,000,000 of peopio might bo promoted. Young men, I honor your ambitions, and I honor nil your dreams. I honor every vision that yuu sou in mo greatness oi our country in the future, nnd your honorablo and distinguished part in it. 1 nm n young man iiiysuu uii(l always sunn Po. Laughter and applause! I boiinvo in tlio visions that young men see. I bo llovo in tho reality of the castles that tlioy mum. 1 bouovo in the fruition and porformanco of these splondld llrefims. Vnr nil tlmon rrnlilfin vt&lnna all thoso glittorlng dreams aro but tho tlio promises of tho future "For whore Sir. Piosident, where without tho dreams of tho young mon lighting up nil the future and making it radiant and splendid with human possibilities, would bo tho deeds of the old mon glorlfiying the past with human aohlv montsP" Now join with mo In sending on tho courso of tlio oast wavos of wind to Washington our prayers for tho Presl dont. Join with mo In wishing him to llvo. Join with mo in saying. "God bless our land; may it oiiduro forover." "Pa, has tho world got a tail?" asked an urchin of his father. "No, child. How could It have ono when It is rouiuir -vyou,-' porsisieu mo neir, "why do tho pnpors say, 'So wags tho : world.' If It ulti't got a tall to wag I about?" .1 nit ..iir ii . j i i THE COUNTRY'S CROPS. Mlmt Thpy l'rnmhr, m Vlptrcit by tlio Aft- rlciilttiml Jirpnrtmrnt. Washinotok, July 16. The Agrlcul tural Department reports! Jn Southern nnd Western Texas but Httlo injury Is reporieu. .Manama nnti ueorgia each report ocuor condition than lastyoar, wfille Texas ahd Arkansas nro lower. Insect injuries aro seldom mentioned in connection with wheat. Tho condition of tho wheat cop ns reported July 1st is niiicii ucucr than June 1st, and av erages 83 for tho wliolo country. Tho Atlantic States fall off slightly ns com pared with tho returns for tlio samo timo last year, but tho largo wheat region north of tho Ohio rlvor nnd west of tho Mississippi river ropoit a low condition compared with 1880. Michigan reports oniy u por cent, anu Illinois bu. Ohio and Indiana nro below last year bui ru port n fair prospect. Missouri ond Kan sas each make a great complaint of damage from Insects. In spring wheat the State of Iowa alono returns a con dition much lower thnn last year, and which Is only 72. Coiin Tlio increased area planted In corn is nearly two tier cent, over 1880. I ho average condition of the crop is not so ingn ns lor tno last two years, and is ns uu ogiunsi iuu lor last year, in nil North nnd Atlantic States "tho crop is backward, owing to tho cold, wetsnr nc but in tlio Stntes south of the Delaware river nnd on tlio Gulf of SIoxlco, it is roportcd as fair. lexas, however, re poits a serious Injury from drouth. In tho great corn producing region border ing on tlio Ohio nnd Mississippi rivers, tlio nverngo is below that of last voar, particularly in tho Stato of Iowa, which only reports the condition of 1877, causf d by tho cold spring nnd too much rain in Juno. In Illinois nnd Slissouri the condition is reported very favorable San- Fuancisco. July 16. A Portland dispatch says the crops throughout the vnlo nml Kniithnrn Oriwrim tinmt en. shine very much and the bright weather which now seems to bo promised is wel come The wholo crop east of the Cas eatlo mountains will ,bo nearly 100,000 tons, of which about 176,000 tons will bo exported. Tho surplus this year will exceed that of last year 0 to 40 per cent. CoLUMiius. Ohio. July 16. From tho official July estimates from tho hoards of Agriculture of Ohio. Illinois. Slichi- in nnd Iown. received bv Secretary hamberlaiii, of tho Oiiio hoard, tho following shortages In wheat nro re ported, as compared with the crop of Ohio, 12,000.000 bushels; I I no s. :)7,000,()00; SUdiigan, 14,600,000; Iowa, 1 1 ,000,000. Total shortago for tho four States, 80,600,000 bushels. To Tell Iho Age ofShrpp. Profc aor Jamct Liw In Kc w-Vork Tribune. The books on sheep havo seriously misled Hock-masters on this subiect. rUmost any sheep-owner will toll von that after n year tlio sheep gets a pair of broad teetli yearly, and if you show thatlilsown three-year-olds havo four pairs of broad teeth, ho can only claim that tlioy aro exceptions, and "protest that they do not exceed three years of age. lw)w these eases are no exception, forall well-bred sheep have a full mouth of front teeth at tliree-vears-old. Some old unimproved ilocks may still be found In which tho mouth is not full until noarfour-yt tirs-old, but fortunate ly theso nro now tlio exceptions, and should not ho madu,tho standard, as they so constantly aro. In Cotswolds, Leieesters. Lincolns. South Downs. Oxford-Downs, Hampshire-Downs, and oven in tho advanced Slerinos, and in Iho grades of all of these dentition is completed from half a year to n year earlier. Tlio milk or lamb teeth are easily distinguished from tlio permanent or broad teeth, by their smaller size, and the thickness of tlio juw-bouo around tliolr fangs whero tlio permanent teeth nro still enclosed. As tiio lamb approaches ft year old, the broad ex posed part of tho tooth becomes worn away, and narrow fangs projecting above the gums stand apart from, each other, leaving wide Intervals. This Is oven moro marked after tho'llrst pair of permanent teeth have come up, over lapping each other at their edges,, ami lroin this timo onward the number of small milk teeth, and of broad per manent teeth, can usually bo made out with case Another distinguishing featuro is tho yellow or dark coloration of the fangs of the milk tooth,, whllo tho exposed portions of tho permanent tcoth aro white, clear, andlpoarly.. Tho successive pairs of pormanont teeth make their appearance through th gums in advanced breeds nt about tiio Tho llrst pair at ono year; tlio second pair ut ono year and a half; tho third pair at two-years anil threo months; the fourth anil last pair at three years. It will bo observed that between the appearanco or tho llrst two pairs there Is an Interval of six- months, whllo after this each pair comes up nino months after Its predecessors. For backward grades, and tho unimproved breeds, the eruption Is about six months later for each pair of teeth, but even with thorn tlio mouth is full at three years and six months. Lima HeiutH and Tomatoes. Oermsnlown Telegraph. ooiiio peopio complain that nt nimieJ gardon products and the vast improve! n . .. .. ..... nicnts that have been mado jn nearly nil of thorn, tlio Limn 'bean U now anit where It was fifty years ago. And It nearly is so. Latterly there has been some increase in the size of tho pod ami the bean, and that is all. lint, tho, my it not bo said at the samo timo that tlio excellcnco of tlio beau is such tii.t thero is no room for improvomonfifii ino quality r ins into mat itsturro- quires the big, long polo, which. to bo planted with almost tho so of an ordinary fonco post: but whoi Is said wo may condudo that all U that can bo against it. For ours' wo aro only too glad that wo havo this nean as it is vouchsafed to us, and wip doubt If wo shall over see it improved in any way except in slzo, and It is jucs tlonablo whother that would bo h ad- . ..11 Tr.l. 1 Ifi ,. . luiuugu (lb lilt. 11 111U 11UIU UOU ill UO dispensed with and a trollls liko tlUt fair tho tomato subsitltutcd, it woulH bov decided advantage; but it is a nature Climber, and climb it probably will to tho end of its days. So bo it. Slany Eorsons find much profit in pinching aok tho branohos of tho tomatoes; and It Is a good praotloo when judiciously dono. It may bo overdone, howover ami Injury result. In tho first piaco, it is no uso to attempt it after tlio ilowors havo fallen. Tlio idea Is to force tho nourishment into the fruit at the earl iest start; for It is at that timo the future fate of tlio fruit is cast. A few leaves boyotitl the fruit Is an advantage, It Is Oliiv the crowth that la in lm nlifinl.-ml. Anil then much damage is dono by' tak ing on iuo loaves as well as tho fruit ino loimuo pianc neoas all the loaves It can got. It is only tho branohos that are to bo ohooked in tliolr growth, Noouowhohaa not tried itoau havo an idea of how valuable tho loaves aro to tho tomato plant. Ono may for ox pcrlmcnt tako off most of tho leaves of a plant, nnd ha v ill find tho flavor insipid, and ovcry way poor. Of courso It is tho pocullar acidity of tho tomato inai gives li so muon vaitio tonuoi us; but tiio acid from a tomato thnt has ripened on nn insufficient amount of foliage is disagreeable lo most tastes. The samo principle has bcon found to work tho in manngomrntofgrapo vines. Tho man who jiitllclously pinches bnclc mo oancnes tiocs wen; inn no who strips ofl'tho-follago to "lot in tho sun nnd the air," generally finds that ho has mado u mess of it. Cfniy, Webster and Taj for. iho last timo Henri- f!kc imq t1, caniiidateof tho old Whig party for Pros hlcnt, Darnel Wobstor was srfjnU' averse to the nomination, nnd liv (llfter- cnt ways mniro his aversion felt. When invited to adifrcsstho Young Slon'sClny Club In Hoslondiosncored at tho unmenn. ingness and absurdity of Its iinnm. Tho committeo appointed to tender hinv (ho invitation reported tho fact to tho club, and the indignation of tlio Whigs toward Sir. ncbstor soon becamo so intense flint tin tlwillrrtif tf airMiilt..ti . ...tnn 1.2.. ....... ..u ...wi.piii.jvv.lj.l.uiUllbiU icrisu iiitr opinion of tho namo of tho club, which ho ultimately, with great good nature, pronounced not only appropriate, but too most appropriate that could havo' been selected! At a snbscoiicnt election Oon. Tnvlnr oocamo tho V i r catldhlatn. nnd Mr. Webster's opposition was still moro out- spok-on. in a public speech ho pronoun' ccd it a nomination "not fit to bo madn." Still ho gave It his adhesion, and zeal ously supported tno ticket. Thoro was a good storv nt thn tlnm. in mo ouect mat jur. Webster sent Gen inyiorn copy or his 1 rst sneee h. to which no answor was received duriii' the campaign. Aftertho election Gen Taylor wrolto him an extremely cordial nnd complimentary letter, beginning . r . . t . . . r. . . iUl JJKAlti OI I 1 mcelvnil. snmn time ngo. from vour mml. n nnnv nf , speech you had Just delivered, in which j "o iiioiiouiicou tno opinion that iny iiuiiiiimiiuii whs a nomination not nt to do made I fully concurred in thatopln Ion. lou only !avo cxnresslnn in tlm sentiment whlehi I myself entertained. . ..... IJut, by tlio result of the election. It nn. pears that tho mniorltvoftlioneonln d f. for with us both oii'that subject, and, as their ehoieo has Imposed upon mo tlio duty of solectliig-n' Cabinet, I cordially invito you to accept the Department of Slut.. ' 1 Americans" In .Tniinn. Sir. Stevens, who is nn expert In mat- tors relating to lapan, was recently asked; How aro tho Americans treated in Japan?" "With tho Utmost courtosv nnd nltmi. tion, nnd tlio greatest kindness. In tlio l-.nipiro of Japan there aro- about. 4.nnn foreigners, and of theso'800'aro Ameri cans. In Tokio. the capital, thero are 200 Americans, and in Yokohama nhnnt 400. Tlio others are settled in smnllnr Hies. About 100 Amoricnns nm in thn employ of tho Japancso government and private Japancso comnanics. Anion. cans havo almost entire control of tlio educational affairs. My tlio way the Japanoso prefer America when; they go abroad for an education. Thero wcro fully 100 American Slissionarics in Ja pan; they do good work and thoyllvo pleasantly and with comparative case. In Yokohama some of tio largo busi ness houses aro A'merienn, Tim tr.n houses, by tho way, have of lato years sustained very heavy Josses. America controls tho kerosene trailo, and this represent? from 10,000,000 to lovOOO.OOO gallons annually. Tho United States is rapidly regaining its cotton trado in Ja pan. At present tho English under trade us by selling a very inferior tirtido that in oxtornal appearance scorns equal to tho American article" "Would you advise thoi American youth to migrato to Japan?" "I should not advise any largo numr her of Amoricans to go to Jupan for business purposes, as tlio avenues of trado thoro are well takon up. Still a man with capital can mnko naonoy in Japan in tho not distant, future Tho Japancso aim to control their export trado, and oven though) Irwdo with America may largely, increase, Amori cans in Japan may not profit bv tlio in crease Travelers, howovor, should not fall to visit Japan it is, however, a lovely country, tho-epitome o beauty. Tho climato is very healthful Tokio, for its slzo, 850,000 'people, Is ono of tho healthiest cities in .tlio 'World'.. "How about the- morals, la Japan, especially the fomtiles?" From an oriental standpoint, Japan is nn extremely moral country. Tho con dition of tho womem is exeellont and ntu.itiiij- improving, iuany oi tho wo men aro cngagodtln. business. Tho so cial evil Is openiand'Ilconsodv with medi cal inspection, but I dbubt If tlio licen tiousncss is any greater in, Japan than in tlio Kuropean. couutries or oven in Aniorioa. Sir. Stevens mado a.partingstatomcnt that will certainly, be reroshltir to American pride Throughout Janan tho namo of Washington is. a liousoliold word, and oven, tiio-most ignorant seem awaroof tliefact that Washington was the first of Amorlcansoaxl agrcat. friend to liumanltv In-n-eiinrttl. TTn ntli til frf elgn niitioufs hero was apparently kuowm iu uiu peopioi Oiir-AliiUilumsos. 1)7 Octave Thanct iuiAllaiUla (or Ausuit. Look at thorn in auy light wo may,, a largo proportion, of the nlinshJiusna. nf. tho country are the- ghastliest failures. Tll.l I. no. t..... .1 ...!.. .1 AtlU UUOb HUIIPUHIIA UUb Will UIO pOOr from pauperism; tho worst do not frighten them. away. Tho Idle.- and vldous pauper-makes shift to indulge his vices,, get Ids liquor and tobacco,, an1 avoid work lo tlio worst almshouses, Tho-worthy, poor starve quietly rather than, enter them. The largo body qI yaupers, not altogether depraved, id though idle and thriftless, linvo ovory lingering impulse of manliness oxtln gulshwl In tho almshouso a5mo3phore. l'lio iosano aro tortured in the majority of almshouses, nnd olilldrou are hope lessly corruptod in ovory almshouso which koops them, tho host as well aa the worst. Under these eircumstanccs, can wo say that our present system of caring for tho Indoor paupor holps more thank harms tho poor? Wo spend ovory yoar millions of money tolpport a system which porscoutoa tho most worthy class of paupors, a systbin whloh tho poor thomsolvos abhor. Wo oduoato tho poor man to bollovo that tho shelter of tho almshouso Is his right. 'Tho world owes ovory man a Jlvlug" is the appropriate motto for nn alms houso door. Tho gonoralllv of noonlo will grant that nnv belief In rin-ht.i which carry no dutlos with them is fraught with ruinous consequences, to tho Statoi yot this Is tho belief our ays- J torn of oharlty dtrootly toadies. And at tho samo timo wo thus by our Ja.wh from our pulpits, in our oTitffy journals pcrsuaao tno poor man tunc tho aim wo giro bolong to him by right, w madden him by tho harshness of ou giving. What can bo dono lo holp mat icrs, nun who ore to oiamo for tho pros cnt stato of things? In tho first place, it Is evident that mi alms houso 1 no plnco for children, fori tno insane, for epileptics, for Id ots, cr for ablo-bodlotl paupors. What shall be! dono with those- classes (excepting thd iasi) is uio question, ii win naturally suggest itself to most noonlo thnt bv building cottages kvstend of palaces for the insane tho stale-may bo able to earn for n greater number. Hy using tho la borot tho Insano It way care for them at lw8 expense As for tho nblo-bodleil paupers, thoro is no reason why thoy fllintlltl lvn sntinnrtnil fr.l Mlinn:a Tlinff spliora- la tho workhotnov not tho alms house. . In tlw second place nr thorough svs- torn of clarification of inmates is do matidod. Tho ncod for this' has already been mau plain. Tho Inmates should uu uiassmuu not, on v wit n nwrani tn sex nnd ago-, bnt with rogr.ul: to- behav ior. In tho thlril place, discipline can bo more effectually malntnlned- by tho . deprivation of privllcgos thaittby the in- J motion oi penalties: it is hotter, for in. ' stance, to deprive worn-out oldicrcaturcs of their tobacco-than to boat them or 1vilr tlimn mi In. Mm il.itl . . ..w... . . ... . v. uuin. in Mtfl fourth nl3i.n. thn lnlinn- nf tho paupers should bo used. Although no able-bodied inmates nro sunnosedi ta ha allowed in tho reformed almshouse, it hy no means follows that tho inmates shall not work; otu tho contrary,, light occupation Is good both for thofr minds and their health. Hy giving them, n small proportion of their earnings their co-operation could readily bo secured. fir tho fifth place buildings should bo erooted or repaired for these ends, and keepers should bo chosen becauso of their' fitness for the posltson. not to crnt- Ify political henchmen or to savo a few hundred dollars of salary. And. in tlio sixth place, local govern ment unmolested having proved nunosu disastrous iaiiui'0, mere should uo rig orous inspection of almshouses bysomo central authority; and tho entire man agement of charity should bo takon out of polities. At present, In our largo cities, tho offices in almshouses aro part, of tho spoils of victorious party. Theso 'suggestions make no claims to- originality; tlioy havo como to most ox- porienccu- almshouso Kcopors nnd direc tors, nnd tliolr substanco may bo fouudl in nlmost any report of tlio various' Hoards of Charities. Dogs iu Germany. Dogs aro valued highly in Germany.. In Vienna'an enterprising man has es tablished lubath houso exclusively for1 dogs, which, after being thoroughly washed im large tubs, are placed im cages to dry. Dogs of all, sizes anil breeds and of ovcry social position aro admitted ami charged only with refer ence to their size No ono appreciates tho spirit offtho phraso "to work liko a dog,"tintll lio has been in Gormany. Tho Ariel iarco Indians call a horso "a bigdog." In Germany adog.mighft well bo called a little horse. About half tho draught power is furnished by dogs and women; and tlioy aro frequently hitched up togethor. It is not uncom mon to sco a dog drag twelve hundrodi weight. I havo seen a man and a wo man get into'a cart drawn bv two largo . mastiffs, and thon drive down tho street at, a rate of which John might havo boon proud. Sixteen dollars will pur chase a dog, for this purpose a trifling sum considering his usefulness. A dog' cam ha? ono advantage ovor a horso- team it guards tlio property as well as drags it. Iii-wintor thov nro of tan al lowed whon resting or waiting to jump into tho cart and cuddle down in tho straw. In Vienna thoro is an immenso hosottal nnil vntnrlnnrv pnllmrn wlmi-n horses, dogs and cats, and alf quadra pods aro received. Farriers or boss blacksmiths are required to spend six months at this institution and to rccoivo certificate of graduation beforo sotting up in business for themselves. In this, ns In all other matters, tho Germans bo-- Hove in thoroughness. Au Electrical Tricycle. Enthuslastio blovollstslook forward Itoi tho timo when overy man shall wheel hlmsolf to and from his buslnoss, to tho discomfiture of tho railway bosses. But a Frcncli electrician has discovered a trick worth two of that. Ho has suc ceeded inidrivlng an English trloyolo something llko a boy's voloolpodo for an houn-along the streets of Paris, try means of electricity stored in a "second ary Dattory" anu two small uoproz oleotrio motors. Tho vohlolo with its ccunant weighed four hundred weiirbt. and it was. driven at tiio spood of an or dinary cab. By improving tlio moohan ism tno inventor hopos to ralso the speed to upward.of twolvo miles an, hour,-, and1 it Is.clalmetl that the modification) of tho Planto batlory recently made by SI. Enure wilh furnish a supply of electricity eapablo of working tno trloyclo for many hours. This is n most fascinating invention. It beats oloctrio railways and Herdio coaches and saddle horses oven. Hbro is a saddle horse that cats nothing,- costs next to nothing for ids keep, will not shy or run nway, and can bo kept in tho houso ready for Instant uso. Elephant's Milk. Ncw-Xoxlt3on. Dr. Charlos A. Doromtu has been much intorostod in tlio analysts of tho milk of strange animals. His. greatest difficulty was to get tho milk. Whon Harmim's show was hero ho iutorvlow od a llonoss, but her olaws woco too long and mouaoing. Ho did, hoAvovor, suc ceed In getting a sample of tho food up on, which tho only Amoricajirborn baby fllniil.Aiit. wnalitviiirel.t. n. T.. 11 . u.im jilt JJUIUIUIIH gavo an account of his anjlysis before the Amorloau Chemical Sooioty. Ho saW that it was rjoiwoiulwthatelophanta. wew such great, hoartyK overgrown an- mais, uooauso tho mllldbn' whloh tlioy aronurtijrjpd in thorldiilt ho ovor saw. It oontalngJesa. water- aVui moro buttor aud sugar Mnosi aakothor klnd and has homo a dolilHitfiir flavor and! odor. It Is. about half croam, and tho buttor imuta frOm it, which is rather softer than ordinary buttor, is very rich. Tho oil oxtraoted from It is clear anil llko ollvft oil. A smallbqy could not shut the jock-, kelfo whloh was given him to play with, and put It In his pocket. It cut him. His mother, whon ho took off hls elotho3 saw tho out and asked him if ho r V,01 iW'1 1,0 wpultl bleed to death "No," said he. "I drank somewator,. and it did not loak, so I was, ail right." Thoro must bo somothlng wron about tho family government when a year-old boy is overheard prayings "O Lord, tako all tho naughty out of John ny, and all ho scold Sutof ppa, and nil tho punish out ol uwummT Anion."