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rtllllfltn Wilson. Far down the green dell's woody glade, Deep, deep beneath the clm-tre's shade, With wild flowers (prlngtng o'er her breast, There she should have her place of rest. No choristers beside her grave 'Should chant their dull, funereal stave, Nor sculptured marble rise to show '.Tho sleeper's name who rests U-low. FARM AND OAllDEN. PrcucrvInR KRK". rAswo havo Lad numerous Inquiries for somo timo past for tho best nlotliods of preserving eggs, wo reprint tho rcclpo which wo consider from practical knowl edgo to ho tho most satisfactory: To ono pint of salt and ono pint of lime add four gallons of boiling water. Slack tLo limo first in a small quantity of hot water. Whon cold put it In stono jars or anything that will not absorb tho liquid (a vcssolof wood or brown earth enwnro will not do.) Then, with a dish, lot down vour fresh eggs into it, tipping tho dish a'ftor it fills with water so that thoy will roll out without cracking tiio shell, for if tho sholl is cracked tho egg will spoil. Put tho eggs in wlionovor jcu havo them fresh (thoy should not bo over two or threo days old.) Keep them covered in a cool place, and thoy will keep fresh for a year. Cure IYr a Felon. A contributor to tho Rural Now York or says: "I bcllovo it is better to scatter n fnlnn. thorubv saving pain and trouble THofolIowing proscription I hud from an .nia Litlv. with tho affirmation that in tho courso of a long life sho had nover known it to fall if applied in season, and I can add tho samo, having had oppor tunity to test it several times in my own fnmllv tlm last time onlv tho past week, and with complcto success. Tho first llmo I tried it tho folon had boon in nrntrrnss several davs. and became very nnttifnl. wllli rod streaks runultig ill) tho arm, whllo in tho armpit tho glands ivoro swollen, fonuintr what aro com monly known ns korncls; but after two days' application of tho plaster, tho .iwfilHnrr nnd nain ceased, and tho folon was "no nioro." Tako equal parts of lard, soap, salt, and spirits of turpen tine Shavo tho i oap and mix with the othor ingredients, nun appiy as a pias tnr. Somo use korosono. whero lurpcn tino is not at hand, but I prefer tho tur pentine. If tho skin is thick It Is well to soak in hot lyo before applying tho plaster. NIiecp-KiilKlnfr. A very great drawback to tho shocp trado in tho west, says tho Drovers' Journal, is the failuro of tho railroads to furnish double-deck oars for shippers to use in bringing thoir sheep to mar ket. Whllo tho margins of profit in -sheep raising aro conceded to bo greater than tno uiviucnus rccvivou irom ouiur "kinds of stock, thev aro not largo onough to admit tho grower sending -to markot a half car of sheep, for which 1i U pnmnnlled to II a V US much freight or nearly as much as would bo cnargeu ior a inn loan. i is uvi lcnt that tho western railroads think it Is folly to go to tho extra oxponso of furnishing doublo.dcck oars whon thoy will got all tho sheep to haul anyway, in single decks. In this thoy aro not ;only standing In thoir own light, but are .greatly hindering tho progress of this important industry of tho wost. Only ai day or two ago; Mr. H. CMlfford,,aii xtenslvo sheep ranchman of Kussol (central) Kansas, called on tho Dro 'Vera1 Journal and said if tho railroads would pay a llttlo more attention to tho wants of stockmen and furnish ample shipping facilities, all hands would bo UencUUCd. oir. U. is using uiuruugu- bred and grade Merinos, and tho Hock Is Improving, as tho clip Is now fifty mcr conl. greater than when ho staitcu. In that vicinity ho says tho losses on .stock havo been light, but says not many sheep aro feeding and ho th'nks tho bulk of tho present supplies there will go west wan I, to mako up tho de ficiencies in Colorado, whero tho lossos havo been great, and good mutton shoop aro scarce. Ho also Informs us that thoy havo tho prlvilogo of shipping in doublo docks to tho Missouri river, providing nblnnnrs nut in tho extra dock, but from tho Missouri east thoy aro compelled to uso singlo docJts. Tiio Vnllcyn ol Iowa. 'C. F. Olarkson. Tim vnllovs of all our rivers and orneks amount to a largo portion of our nrnductivo farms. On tho bottom or tntnrvnln lands tho crops this year aro moro or less a failuro. But tho Item of hay is to bo tho greatest suiVercr. Many of tho farmers cultivate tho dry land, and cut their hay on tho low or slough lands. This year most of tho grass crop on such lands is destroyed uy Hoods, dirt and sand. Other places usually mown aro too wot and soft for team and mower, and will havo to bo abandoned, ra3 tho hand seytho has virtually gone nut. of use. All of tlicso things will greatly reduco tho hay crop, and prepa rations mift bo niado accordingly. Wo have always deprecated tho praotlco of wurning straw, oven when It was plenty and stock scarce. Tho situation is rap idly changing, straw is rapidly lessoning in quantity, whllo tho amount of cattle, horses and sheep, which will consumo profitably good, olean, sweot straw, are nnurlv doubling voarlv. Tako care of your straw. Cut it whllo a little green nr. Tlm rrruln will bo nearly as grea in quantity and''!uiial in quality, whllo tUO Straw Will ou ui uuuuiu i.wuu. Shook tho rrrnln carefully, and thon afnoV nn soon ns it will possibly do, When thrashed stack tho straw so that it will keep safely. In stacking tako Into consideration whero tho straw can tin tho easiest and best fed to tho stock. Study out all of tho questions of con venience and profit. Stook raising, tho best business of tho farm, is to bo close ly contested, and ho who falls to utlllzo nil of his stock food, as well as tho nd- vantafrcs of feeding and tho comfort of bis sUjbk, will soon bo found Inquiring for r bnev-loaners.-ito whom ho carr TOOVMlgO T L-V nf .l o t. his JnxfY. and n fow years latvT haYiQlnnfvtiquiilng bis way to Kansas or Nebraska with all His family unil worldlv rlods In a two horso wa gon, drawn by two horses on whloh the buzzards yet noid a mortgage. Collo In Horuew. Attacks of collo most frequently aro tho result of carelessness, and gcMw1- ally may bo traced to a uOrso Jibing drank cold water when uoatou, or mi TnnillatWftftnrholnn-fed. by bolnggorg' d with food aftor long fasting, or being chilled by currents of cold air. tsomo borses nro constitutionally moro liablo to It than others. Tho first symptoms aro a gonoral fidgetiness accompanied by lifting of tho feet vory quiuMjr, lowod by vlolont rolling. TUoso syrap (nmn isn indicate other dlsordors. re quiring vory different troatmont from frmn inflammation of tllO bowols, In tho formor, tho horso will striko his belly violently with feet botweon tho paroxsms of pain; but in tho latter, though ho may lift his feet, ho will not striko, nnd tho pain Is continuous. When collo symptons are accompanied by constipation, tho'lirst caro must be tn Atnnttr tlin limvnla lit- 'Ihnnlr t-nlftnrr1' and injoctions of warm wator. Hero, clearly, tho stimulating medicines prop or to ilatulont collo would bo Inappro priate and most likely produce Inflama tion of tho bowols. Hatulont collo Is tho moro frequent and sudden form, re quiring prompt troatmont, nnd porhaps with what may bo at hand In n country place A horso got quickly well after tho administration of ono-quartor pint of gin, nnd two ounces of ground gin ger mixed with water to Hlla sod water bottlo, from which it was poured down his throat. Eutinl nnrts of whlskv nnd milk, and from half a pint to a pint at a timo nns been usciui. A veterinary prescription for colic, is: Spirits of tur pentine four ounces; linseed oil, twolvo ounces; lrvidauum, ono and ono -quarter ounces, to bo mixed, and one quarter ounce, to bo mixed, and given every hour until tho pain ceases. Bathing tho belly wiin not water, ami friction, aro both useful. If a horso is led about nilctlv. not galloped, as will bo donobv Ignorant grooms, it will nld tho action of tho medicine, nnd prevent n horso from Hurting Himself by rolling as no will bo apt to do, during tho paroxysms ol pain. mil - Ice. If wo trace tho history of ico and snow as applied to the wants of man kind to enriv poriods, wo find that both woro utilized in tho cast at a very an cient date Tho manufacture of artifi cial Ico was known, wo aro told, to tho Greeks and Romans. Tho custom of cooling bovcragos with saltpetre was general in Italy in tho slxtcoiith centu ry. In tho seventeenth contury "Ico cups" were Introduced into France and Spain. A moiiiod oi producing ico uy chemical menus was Invented by Mr. Walker in is.'. iicsno introduced tno emnlovmcnt of sulphuric ncld for tho samo purposo in 1810. Harrison patent ed an ice-making macliino in wiiicli ether nnd salt woro used In 1857. Tho ico trado of this country was first Intro tluecd by Mr. Tudor, in Boston, in 1800. It is said that in many parts of Asia, tho snow was, in early times, gathered in sacks, far up in tiio mountains, nnd transput ted to tho principal cities on tho backs of mules, and thero preserved in cavities sunk in tho ground, carefully packod in layers of straw. Frederick Tudor, a wealthy citizen of Boston, largoly engaged In salt works at Nahant, about thy beginning of tho present century, conceived the project of tho shipmont of loo to tho west In dies, in 1805, at which tinio tho yellow fever was prevalent thero; nnd this scheme was considered about ns ludi crous by his towns-peoplo, ns was that of Lord Timothy Dexter, who shipped to tho samo locality a cargo ot warm ing pans. As to tho success of both of tlicso ventures history has chronicled tho happy results which attended tho enterprises, and Tudor is credited with tho pionccrship of nn important com mercial Industry to tho country. In tho winter of 1805 Tudor harvested a crop of ico from a small pond near Bos ton, amounting to about threo hundred tons, which ho convoyed by teams to Charlestown, whero ho loaded tho brig Favorlto with Ills novel freight, and jaleiLwith Jt .to. .the. Island of Martin;, quo, whero tho nrtlclo was received with manifestations ot surpnso ami in credulity by tho Inhabitants. Its benefi cial advantages, However, were soon demonstrated and in duo timo addition al shipments amply paid tho enterpris ing person, who beenmo to bo regarded as a benefactor, while profiting largoly by his speculation. mo uritisu liovcrnment was uio urst to appreciate tho advantages likely to aceruo to colonists irom tno introduc tion of Ice, nnd ten years after Mr. Tu dor1 s first shipment, or shortly after tho war of 1812, ho received overtures that woro very favorable toward tho devel opment of tho industry. Tho first wns tho grant of a monopoly of tho trado . t'.i i. ... ... ..... UpOIl I'UIUlllIUllS WIUUU UU III; UI1WU braccd. Tho second was tho releaso of cortaln port duos (then very heavy) to all ships bringing ico. Tno urst regular cargo was snipped to Charleston, S. C. in tho summer of 1817. In 1818, Mr. Tudor established a branch of tho trado in Savannah, a rival at that timo of Charleston; nnd, In 1820, ho established Ico houses in New Or leans, which city, thirty years aftor, bo eamo tho grcatost consulting city in tho United States, south of Philadelphia. It is a remarkable a:t that nt this timo, nnd for somo llttlo timo later, tho ico tiado was confined mainly to foreign export nnd tho supply of tho Southern States, whllo tho localities in tho vicini ty of tho sources of supply in tho Northern States woro slow to adopt tho new commodity. At tuo present time ico Is regarded moro ns an nrtlclo of stnplo uso throughout the year than ono of raero luxury. Thero aro delivered nnd consumed in New York city alone during tho wiiitor months, moro tons of Ico than went cut, Bhipped and consum ed In tho Unitod Slates in nn entire thir ty yoars ago. Tho PeopleWho Drift. J Thero aro in overy largo city a cla of drifting people, to whom a drllrilto and permanent auiuing piaco woiiiu uo in tho nature of a prison; people who would lie ombai rassed by belngntal u ltitod with that announcement Jf re spectability, nn engraved doorrvlato. or bv being embalmed in tho ciV dl- rectory. . - i Thoy nro tho rolling stones of sotAity who gather up considerable social n pss in their courso and llvo tho lifo of lir- satlltty, cf color, of light, and If 1.1 Is not tho lifo of phenomenal depth It rrAy at any rnto, sorvo to uaianco ino classi cal recluses who live soouro uuriaiion an, and Inflict philosophical crilinuos nn tho public It Is mostly tho fomtnlno portionlof tho good Bohemians who thin slip In and out of successive "onvironmontl I" A man will vegetate forovorln tM saio suit of apartments, if ho has ol as olio uueu from inertia, pleased with them, purely fro which is why tho landlady of tho period quito prefers thosuporlor raco "Singlo gontlomon proferred," always. Now, aftor a woman lias gono on doing tho samo thing long onough sho begins to look long onougu to no eomeuiing uisu. unango is mo very uiuum oi uui u.iai enco. Routine is to her intolerable It Is not that" sho in tho loast oxpoots to improvo mattors, but sho preferred va rlod to monotonous misery. And llttlo infolioltlos In timo aggrogato thomsolves to tho vergo of tho unendurable Nor is thoro much scionco in a sottlo m'ont of thoso itinorant people They do not tako root nnywhero, and aro ready to slip out and arrango thoir books and brlo-a-brao In somo other apartmont any day. Tho drifting throngs of people who thus migrate nbout tho city aro ft curious study in modern lifo. How the Ancients Conducted their Elections 1'opular Science Monthly. As hitherto, sonsraln, wo must go back to tho beginning to tako tip tho clow. Out of that earliest stage of tho snvago uoruo in which mow is no supremacy boyond that of tho man whoso strength, or courage, or cunning, gives him pre dominance, tho first stop Is to tho prac tice of election dullbcrnto cholco of a leader In war. About tho conducting of clco'lons in rude tribos linvclcrs aro sllont; probably tho methods used aro various. But wo havo accounts of elec tions as thoy woro n.ado by European peoples during early times. In ancient Scandinavia, tho chief of a province, chosen by tho assembled people, was thereupon "oiovatcd amid tno oiasu oi arms nnd tho shouts of tho multltudo;1' nnd nmong tho ancient Gormans ho was carried on n shield. Recalling, as this ceremony docs, tho chairing of a nowly olected member of l'lirllnmoi.t up to recent times, nnd reminding us that originally among ourselves election was by show of hands, wo aro tnuglit that tho cholco of rcpioscntatlvo was onco identical with tho cholco of a chief. Our House of Commons had Us roots In local gatherings like tlioso in which un civilized tribes select a head warrior. Bcsldos conscious selection, there oc curs nmong mdo peoples selection by lot. Tho Samonns, for Instance, by spinning n cocoanut, which on coming to rest points to ono of tho surrounding persons, thereby singles hlin out. Early Historic races supply Illustrations; as the Hebrews In tho affair of Saul and Jonathan, nnd as the Homeric Greeks when fixing on a champion to fight with Hector. In both these last caws thero was belief In supernatural Interference; tho lot was suppos- d to bo divinely de termined. And probably at tho outset, cholco by lot for political purposes among tho Athenians, and for military purposes among tho Romans, as, also, in later times, tho uso of the lot for choosing deputies in some of tho Ital ian republics, and in Spain (as in Leon during tho twelfth century,) was Influ enced by n kindred belief; though doubt less the deslro to give equal chances to rich and poor, or elso to assign without dispute a mission was onerous or dan gerous, entered into tho motlvo or was ovi n predominant. Here, however, tho fact to bo noted Is, that this mode of choice which plays a part in represen tation may nlso bo traced back to tho usages ot primitive peoples. Marriage Customs. Before tho Reformation n widow was directed by tho rubric to give her gloved hand to tho bridegroom, wiiereas a maiden removed tho glove a less ex pressive matter than tho giving and re ceiving of tho ring, which is said to havo been a Jewisli usage from time Immemorial, nnd pointing back, no doubt, to tho tinio when tho ring nnd tho signet were ono and tho same Tho exchange of rings, sometimes practiced in Europo, is also Jewish, though tho distinction made the brido's ringbolng of silver, but tho grooniM to her gold seems questionable Tho kissing of tho brido by tho bridegroom ns a part of tho ceremony was so important in tho Eoastorn world, nnd oven in tho Justinian code, ns to bo solemnly pro vided for, nnd mado a necessary ele ment in a legal marriage Tho wojt erns havo dropped It as a necessary Torm; -AnoniDrpocnimriej-of-tin-K-ern Church, ns seen in tho Greek ritual, is that tho Presbyter who solemnizes se cond marriages docs not join tho party nt tho wedding feast, and so important was this thought that it formed tho subject of canonical legislation. Second marriages, whllo not forbidden, havo been discouraged in tho Greek Church, and aro absolutely forbidden, it Is well known, to tho clergy. Tho ceremony, for It is according to Dr. Bingham, who has given tho results of Ids studies on this subjectto tho world, of a "gener al secondary character.1' A singular difference exists among tho great branches of tho Anglo-Saxon raco on tho timo and place of marriage. In Great Britain tho pinco is, as a nuo, the church building; tho wedding in a nrlvfitn hnuso is a matter for special ilccnso. So tho timo is usually in tho forepart of tho day. In Ireland tho episcopalians musi do ninrnuu uuioru noon, while Presbyterians liavo tho timo oxtouded to 2 o'clock, unless In both cases special license is obtained a step commonly taken only by tho richer per sons in the community, ju America, on tho othor hand, it is well known, timo and place aro left to tho will of tho parties, and tho "wedding broak fnst" is not tho uniform thing It is in Britain. Ono good result of tho Euro pean plan is that secret, irregular mar riages aro rendered less easy than in days when ministers used to bo roused from thoir buds to marry young people. 'JMiu wedding breakfast in Groat Britain entails an amount of dreary speech making, the tousling of "bride and groom," tho parents of tiio same tho "officiating clergyman.11 tiio brides maids, etc., with replies, of which, happily, Western civilization has not to carry tho burden. Accuracy In Standards of Measurement. Populnr Sclciu-u Monthly. Few realize tho groat practical im portance of oxtromu accuracy in stan dards of weight and oxtentlon, and it is not generally known what degreo of ac curacy has boon attained In tho meas urement of tho standards of length now in mo in different countries. The car penter's foot-rtilo and tho tailor's yard aro familiar articles, but, If tinted, probably neither tho carpenter nor tho tailor could tell whether thero Is any means by which tho true length of n foot or a yard can bo doternilued. It Is clear, howover, that thero must bo a standard with which tho common meas ures should bo mado to agree, in order to have tho same absolute value But wo may relleot that tliu constant uso of any measure will change Its length, and that It will ovontunll.y become worn out. Wo oan, tiion, readily understand tho great value of an accepted standard, from which copies oan bo mado, thus preventing any gradual alteration In our measures. Such standards of refer onco aro properly hold In tho custody of national governments, scientific socie ties, and institutions. It Is bv no means n simple process to compare ono measure with another, nnd to detormino the variation between tho two. On tho contrary, tho utmost skill and long oxporlonco nro required for suoh work, ns well as tho most elaborate and costly apparatus. Allowance must bo mado for errors that are so small as to bo almost inappreciable but which 'can not bo eliminated until thoy havo been subjeotcd to future luvostlgatlons of a vory dolleato nature Evory care ful observor will obtain results which aro almost marvelously accordaut infer se; but tho results obtained by two ob servers, with different Instruments, will probably not agree Tho "personnl equation" has not yet bcon eliminated from work, of this kind. In tho comparison of weights and moasurcs, scionco demands the utmost nccuracy, and it would not ho possible oven if ft woro doslrablo, In an nrtlclo llko this, to moro than nlludo to a fow of tho steps which havo resulted In the final adoption of national and Interna tional standards. Orvillo Grant. Chicago Tribune Orvillo II. Grant, brother of General Grant died at Morris I'lnins recently. Ho was born nt tho Grant family home stead in Clermont county, Ohio, nnd was somo seven or eight years Ids broth er's junior, iakh uiysscs and Simpson, ho removed to Gnlonn and becamo n member of tho firm of Grant & Sons, tho now historic firm of leather tanners. Simpson diod, and Orvillo virtually con trolled tho buslnoss, which soon worked up to a very profitable one, for tlioso days, at least. Ulysses was engaged in tho tanning buslnoss at tho time of tho breaking out of tho wnr. During his residoneo in Galena, which lasted until about 1801, Orvillo succeeded in accum ulating quite, a competency, nnd on coming to Chicago in that vear was considered quito woll oil'. Jnmcs E. McLean, a Pennsylvaiiiiin who had fol lowed the tannery busmen down East, becamo acquainted with him, and tho result of the acquaintance was a busi ness partnership on Lako street under tho firm namo of Grant KMoLcan. Tho house prospered, though It is said that some of Orvlllo's later ventures were risky nnd disastrous enough to have swainped them even If tho big lire of IS 1 1 hadn't caught them and coniplcta ly wiped out their plant. It is said that President Grant was well aware of this. and that It was one of the reasons ami probably tho chief one for his ap pointing Mr. McLean, tho sufferer by Orvlllo's ventures, Collector of tho Port of Chicago in the summer of 180'J. urvino orant was nover the same man after tho fire. Tiio visionary part oi uis nature seemed to grow and ex pand, until his head was full of wild speculations, which, oi course, never turned out woll. Orvillo had already begun to drink, and had been led to excesses, which shattered him botli mentally and physi cally, ut late years no nas ucen utterly Incapable of taking caro of his family, who, fortunately, were provided for at the homo of Mrs. Corblu, Ids wife's si te r, at Elizabeth, N. J. During tho lust live or six years Orvillo Grant 'has been a physical and mental wreck. His habits, instead of being chocked, grew upon him, and naturally Incapacitated lit ill for sustained labor, or, indeed, for labor of any kind. His mind was filled with dreams and speculative fancies. Ho turned up in Chicago every once in awhile, nnd was always sutu to go to the Custom House, where lie was equal ly sure to fall In witii soniobody whom ho had known under tho MclA'an re gime, who might bo relied upon and generally was to help him out of a particularly tight pinch. To ono of Ids old friends ho was want to talk glibly about his $5,000 horse, and in the next breath to ask for a small loan, which was generally givon and nover repaid. Ho coif-tantly labored under tho im pression that ho was still in tho loather business, nnd wns a rich man, and trav eled the country on tills suppositious reputation. "I would sehedulo for at lmist a SI. 000.000." .said hu on ono oo. caslon ufterhatflfgTi'dfroworrsomotnfnfr- irom a mend who nan ircquoniiy neon called upon to relievo ids oft financial infirmities. Just before the Grant re ception in tho fall of 1870, a number of gentlemen in tho city put thoir bonds together and managed to got him out of town before the auspicious day when tho wholo Northwest turned out to wel come tho returning ex-President. Ho returned to tho city, howover, early in 1880, and after wandering about awhllo and existing as best ho could, was given u position in tho Registered Letter De partment ol tiio UHicago rostoiuco, from which lie was considerately re moved iust before tho Chicago Conven tion. Since then ho has scarcoly been seen hero, having snout his timo mostly in New Jersey. His wife is said to bo a vory beautiful, refined, noblo woman, whose affections of late years havo not unnaturally bcon centered In her two boys, who were tho pride of her lionrt. Sho and thoy havo boon cared for by her sister, Mrs. Corbin, as though thoy wore her own family, nnd it is said that Gen. and Mrs. Grant havo not forgotten Or vlllo's family, but that, in a quiet, un ostentatious way, thoy havo done mudh to add to their comfort nnd happiness. For Orvillo there scorned to bo neither cure nor holp. Ho had degenerated mentally as woll as physically, and. though remedial agents wore resorted to, including treatment in n New Jersey asylum, ho was, apparently, past re claim, and his death was but the Mid ending of n blasted lifo. Indian Cruelty. In Nebraska thoro is a littlo stream called the Raw Hide, Rowing into tho Elkhorn River, a tributary to tho great Plutte. Tho Raw Hide Is an ordinary creek, meandering through a beautiful valby, but it is interesting becauso of the terriblo a8ociation from which it derived its name. In tho year 1849, during tho heavy emigration to tho California gold fields, a party from Wisconsin crossed tho Missouri River a fow miles abovo where Omaha now stands, Thoy wore bound for tho Pacific coast in quest or gold. A member of this party named Rliincs, a foolish, heartless man, vowed ho would slay tho first Indian ho should moot. Sho try after they had ontorod No braslta thoy camped on, tho Elltliom. Tho next morning . thoy broke camp, and passing Into tho eneliautlng valley of the Platte, saw a llttlo bund of Paw neo Indians trailing peacefully along tho rlvi r. Ono of tho gold-seekers remlndod Rhlnes of his foolish resolution. T!o heartless uiaiif leveling ills rlllo, delib erately shot down a squaw. Tho party hastily moved on, but wore soon over taken by n largo band of mounted Paw neo warriors. Thoy demanded tho sur render of tho assassin, Uhincs. Of courso there was no alternative but to comply, for a refusal would havo re sulted in tho massacre of tho entire party. Tho redskins took Rhinos, 'stripped him of his clothing, and tied hint so curoly to tho ground. Thon thoy bo gnn tho horrifying torture of skinning Jilm allvo. Ills companions woro com pelled to witness tho slokonlBg opera tion. Tho Indians promptly left tho scone, iiftnr havhicr completed their horrible work, without harming tho rest of the party. Rhlnes lived but n fow hours, and nil woro thankful when death re lieved the agony ho suffered. Ho wa burled near tho llttlo strenn which has since boon known ni tho Raw Hldo a meandering monument of tho wicked nnd foolhardy act which cost n heartless man his life MUMMIES OF EGYPTIAN KINGS. Details of tho Finding of Thirty valuable Papyri Also Discovered, Cnlru Letter to tiio London Time, Besides boltigmomornblo fortho nppoar mice of tho comets, tho year 1881 must ovor hold a high placo in tho nnnals of Egyptological discovery. M. Masporo, tho recently appointed director of tho liouiaK Museum, is at mo present mo ment in Paris activoly engaged in pre paring for tho publication tho text) of the pyramids ot the fifth and sixth dy nasties, which wore opened last spring ntSnkkarn. The foiirthcoming num ber of his "Rcctill" will contain tho en tire text of tho pyramid of King Ounasl tho last King of tho fifth dynasty. But tiio saving that "it never rains but it pours" may bo now fairly npplied to ft-cltn'olog'oil dhcoiory. Ling be fore tho savants havo had timo to pe ruse, ponder over, or profit by tho won ders unearthed atSakkarathey nro now suddenly overwhelmed with u fresh sup ply of mnterial In tho form of tho larg est papj ri yot known, and by the appar ition of tho mummies, wllh all tlielr mortuary appendages and Inscriptions of no loss than thirty roynl personages. This discovery which has only just been made calls for special interest in Eng land, for among tho thirty royal mum mies nro to bo found thoo ol King Thutmcs III, nnd of King Ramses II. It was tho formor who ordered tho con struction of tho obelisk which now stands upon tho Thames embankment, nnd It was tho latter who, 270 years af terward, caused his own official titles and honors to bo Inscribed upon its faces beside those of Tliutmes III. .The two monarehs now lay side by side in tlm Boulak Museum, ami even llio llowers and garlands which were placed In thoir coffins may to-day bo seen on circling the masks which cover tho faces of tho dtcoased just as thoy were left by the mourners over il.OOO years ngo. Last Juno Daotid Pasha, Governor of the Provinco of Keneli, which includes tho ancient Thobau district, noticed that tho Bedawecn offered foi sale an unusual quantity of antiquities at ab surdly low prices. Tlm Pasha soon dis covered that tho sources of thoir hidden treasure was situated in a gorge of tho mountain range which separates Doir-el-Baliari from the Bnb et-Maloek. Tills go go is situated about four miles from tho Nile to tho east of Thebes. Dnoud Pasha at once telegrapiied to tho Khedive, who forthwith dispatched to tho spot Herr Kmil Brugsoh, a younger brother of Dr Henry Brugsch Pasha, who, during M. Maspero's absence, is in clinrgo of all aruhnologlcnl excava tions in Eguit. Her Brug-oh discov ered in tiio cliffs of tho Lybian Moun tains, near tho temple of Delr-et-Baharl, or tho "Northern Convent, 1 a pit about thirty-live tcct deep cut in tno solid rock; a secret opening from tills pit led to a gallery nearly 200 feet long, also hewn out of tho solid rock. This gal lery waf filled with relies of tho Tlieban dynasties. Evory indication leads to the conviction that thoso sacred relics had been removed from their appropri ate places in tho v rious tombs and ter aplos, and eoncealod In tills subterran ean gallery by tho Egyptian priests to preserve them from being destroyed by somo foreign invader. In all probabil ity thoy woro thus: concealed at tho timo jii tliQ-lnvnalnn of Em tit bv Cambvscs. Herr Brugsch' nt onco tolotrrnphoii fur a steamer, which on Friday last safely deposited her precious cargo at tho Boulak Museum. Tho full value of tliis discovery, of courso, cannot as yot bo determined. The papyri havo not yet been unrolled, nor havo tho mummies been unwrapped. Conspicuous by Its massive gold ornamentation, in which cartouehus aro set in precious stones, is tho eofiln containing the mummy of Mailt Nedjem, a daughter of King Ram ses II. Each of tho mummios is accom panied by an alabaster canoplo urn, containing tho heart and entrails of tiio deceased. Four nanvrl were found In tho gnllty at Doir-ol-Baharl, each hi a porfect state of preservation. Tho largoat of tl'oso papyri that found in tho coffin of Queen Ra-ma-ka .is most beautifully Illustrated with colored illuminations. It Is about sixteen Inches wide, and when unrolled will probably measure from 100 to 140 feet in length. Tho other papyri aro somewhat narrower, but aro more closely written upon, These papyri will probably prove to bo tho most valuable portion of tho dis covery, for in tho present stato of Egyptology a papyrus may bo of moro Importance inaii nu cuiiiu luuquu, mm, as tho late Marietto Pasha used to say, "It is certain that if ovor ono of tlufto discoveries that bring about a revolu tlon in science should bo mado in Egypt ology, tho world will bo indebted for it In .a ii!invru3." No less than !l,700 mortuary sfutucs have been found which 'jcar royal car. touches and inscriptions. Nearly 2,000 other obieets havo boon iliseovereil. Ono of tho most romaritauio rencs is an norinous leather tent, which bears the cartouche of King Pinotom, of tho twentv-llrst dynasty. This tent is in a irnl i- wonderful stato of preservation. Iho workmanship is beautiful. It is covered with hieroglyphs most carefully embroidered in red, green, and yellow leather. The colors aro quite fresh and bright. In each of tho eornors is rop resented tho royal vulture anil t-tars. Parliamentary Mobs. New VorUIIcmM. Canada is bewailing tho fact that her Parliament Himo at Ottawa is entirely too small. Under tho now census which has just been taken, it seoms that some of the provinces whloh go to mako up that lrozon portion of her Majesty's domlnons called tiio Wow uoniinion are entitled to a Inrger Parliamentary representation than thoy possess; but tiio trouuio is more is uov ruum uiiuun to seat them In tho presont chamber. This, aftor all. is not so much of a cala mity. Tho troublo with Parliamentary ith Parliamentary ' part of tho world oly too largo. It Canada if tiio im- bodies in nearly every Is that they aro ontir will bo fortunate for luwilhllltv of accommodating a Parali amoutary mob shall bavo tho effect of diminishing Us numbors. Our own Con gress at Washington Is beoomlng In conveniently largo. Tho best gather ing of tho kind wo ovor had was, per haps, during tho Revolution, when tho wholo body was not muoh largor than two or throo of tho committees of n mo dern Congress. In evory leglslntivo body tho work is generally dono by, at tho outsldo, fifty or sixty mon. All tho others aro more automata, who thiuk, act, speak, voto as thoy aro directed by their loadors. If Canada, can koopdown tho number oH'arllmontary ciphers sho will bo fortunate It is, porhaps, a good onion of hor future that nor Parlia ment Hpuso cannot ncoommodato any moro of them. CHILDREN'S CORNER. MAMMAS' TltOUlH.ES. ChMtortox. My Annie's head is broken oil; And Nellie's had somo flu; And Polly's got the whooping cough, And Salllo'a lot her wits. What lots of fusses babies make I Vv'hiU troubles mammas havo to take I I'm suro'.I'm sorry, Mm. Iluzz, Hut mine aro Just as bad; There's Hoc, and Maud, and Flz andKur.z, Why, mry tMn.? they've had. Yes, lots of fuc2bablcs make! And lots ot troublolmftinmaA take! The Fox, I li Joul, iiml tho 'nr rotff. TrnnsliUeil from Hie French, Onco a fox nnd n goat woro walking together along n road, and saw a sack lying against a hedgo. "What do you think is insldo that sack?" said the goat. "l win go and s?o," replied tno ioxi and putting his noso Into the mouth of tho bag, tied tightly by a cord, ho shook about tho hug so much Hint the string at last gave way, and the finest carrots ouo could wish for foil out. "I'liey are for me,'1 said the fox, "for I opened tho sack." "Yes," said the goat, "but Igaveyoti the idea, and If you touch them I will tearyour sides with my horns." Tho fox looked nt tho goat's great horns and showed his teeth. The goat, on seeing tho fox's tooth, thought within himself, "I don1! much llko that kind of weapon." And the fox saltl to himself, "I .vlll not expose my sides to tiioso terriblo horns." After n minute's silence tho fox said, "Why do wo stand looking at eacli other? What is tho use of that? Let us see which is the stronger. See, there nro two heaps of stones. You shall take ouo and I the oilier. He who shall first throw down his heap shall eat the carrots." "Very well," said the goat. So thoy wont to their heaps of stones. Tho goat put her logs firmly together anil struck wllh her horns so hard as to mako a great noise, but the heap did not shake. "Ah! you did not hit hard enough," said tho fox. Tho goat went three steps backwards, anil ran nt tho heap with all her might. But, crack! Her norns uroKo. When the fox saw that ho began to skip about. "(), my dear friend," cried he, "the carrots belong to mo Not yet," said the goat, "you have not succeeded In your task. If jou touch the carrots, 1 will tear vour sides with tho stumps of my horns." Tho fox looked at tno goat, aim said to himself. "Sho has one left still, which is almost wholo; she will tear my sides with it." "Woll." said he, "I will knock down my heap then, it is nothing for mo " Tho fox began to dig with his fore paws until he had mado a great holo in tho ground closo to tho heap. The stones foil over into tho holes, but, alas! thev foil on tho fox, and broke his paw. Then tho two looked nt ono another tho ono with her broken horns, tho other with Ids broken paw, "Run aftor tho carrots," said tno goat, with a sneer, "I will give them up to you." "1 cannot," answered mo iox, -my paw hurts mo too much. Tako them .. w . . it im vourself." That is iust what Iain going to do." nnUl tho front;, and silo ritu.ruii.tiut.Bunk. but neither bag nor carrots were to bo seen; while thoy woro disputing, u man Had como along nnd carried nil away. Alas," cried tho goat, "how stupid wo havo been! If wo had divided tho treasure, wo should havo kept wholo inv horns, ami you your paw, and each of us would have had more carrots than wo could eat." TtikluK'lIiH I'liii'e. ByWillloE. Uarr. "Oh Cliarlio! Why did you 'o It? On my birthday too! I am so sorry, for now you will miss all tho fun of tho Fourth." And as sho spoko, Mary sat Ae fr, ilnnfpllni,' bnr brnnil hflfc bv ntlft string, and looTtod disconsolately nt her brother, who Had been sont to bed as a punishment. "How was I to know that just a llttlo bunch of firo-crackors llko that was go ing to smash tho goblet? I did not think It would do anything but just lift it up somo." "Who told you to do such a thing, Charllo?" "Nobody; I thought of it myself. Oh doar! I wish I had a grandma, or an aunt, or somebody like that I" "What for, Charllo? Iam sure no bodv could bo half so good as mamma." "1 llko grandmas and aunts. Kd.lio Bates has a grandmamma, and sho n wavs gets him out of scrapes: and Tom Taj'lor has an aunt that does lots of tilings for him. Peoplo ought not to got married if they don't havo mothers and sisters to mako grandmas and aunts for fellows who aro always getting blamed for nothing at nil." "But. Charlie, you did break tho glass." "No, I didn't cither; tho fire-crackers broke it. Oh dear! dear! I wisli there wnuiiM. nnv Fourth of Julv. nor lire crackers, nor nothing! What's tho use of llro-crackors If a follow can't fire them off? It was real mean to let mo spend nil my monoy on fire-ernekors, and then not lot mo have any fun with them. There's my pin-wheel too. I promised Bates to fasten It to tho top of tho highest clothos-holo in his back yard to-night." "I am so sorry, Charllo dear! 1 "And. Man-. I am so dreadfully hot. I havo got a raging lover; I know I havo." "Why do you not say you aro sorry?" suggested Mary. "7)ldn't I say so? ovor, and ovor, and over, and fathor just said ho thought bod was tho best placo for boys who ex ploded fire-crackers under goblets. If 1 was n father, and wanted to kill ft boy, I'll do it out and out, and not roast him to doatli in bed on a Fourth of July. I I wouldn't lor minions oi dona G poor boy to bed on his slsto I birthday." But what partlc tlon was duo to his sister's wouldn t for millions of dollars send a slstor s eighth articular atton- birthday Charley did not explain. "You know tho crnckora would break tho goblet." "No. I didn't: 1 nover saw thorn smash ono. Didn't thoy bang, though?" And at tho recoiioctlon uuariio s eyes grow bright, and a delighted expression illuminated his sombre littlo fuco. Tho noxt momont, howovor, ho was orylng bitterly; and Mary, Having wntonod mm a momont, ran down stairs just in timo to stop her futhor as ho was going out. "Papa, plcaso forgivo Charllo. Ho is so sorrv. and ho wants to go out so muolil" "Ho must havo a losson, Mary, that will toach him not bo bo so destruo live." But ho added, smiling, 'If you chooso to tako his placo, Charllo may go out." Mary bounded away to hor brothor's room. 'Papa says you may go out, Charllo. Got up dear." Cliarlio needed no second bidding, nnd ho asked no quottions. Flro' min utes later ho was explaining to Eddlo Bates tho principles upon which ho had blown n goblot nil to smithereens In l.'g back yard. What a glorious Fourth It wast Charllo did not go homo until tea-time. Ho would not havo gono then, but that his pln-whccl nnd tho rockets wore un dor his clean shirts in tho bottom draw er of his bureau, nnd must bo gono for. Up slnlrs ho ran, ns gay as n cricket, nnd burst into his room. "Lot mo see; thoy nro in thN ono. Bothori Whero did I put them?" "What aro you looking for, Charllo?" "What aro you doing in bed?" "Taking your place." "Wliatl" "Papa said If I would lakoyi ur placo, yui might go out: and girls ilo not enra much nbout tho Fourth of July," said Mary, cheerily. "And you havo been in bed all day?" "Of courso; papa said you woro to stay In bed all day, and I am taking your place." "But vou nn not me." "But I nni your substitute," "Oil, Mary, you dear, doar, darling sister! You nro hotter than all tho graiiilmothi rs and aunts in tho world. Catch them t'oltig to bed a wholo day ior a fellow!" cried Charllo, kissing her proudly. "You got up now; Mary, and I'll glvo you my pin-wheel and my rockots, and Ella Bates can fire them nil oil'. I wouldn't be so mean ns to let you Ho thero any longer," said Cliarlio, begin ning to remove Ids coat. "That will do, Cliarlio," said papa, coining Into tliu room. "Get up, my littlo daughter. Charlie has learned his lesson, I am sure." "Indeed I have, papa, and I am real sorry." That same evening Eddie Bates wai boasting to a crowd of boys about his grandmother having snvod'hini from an evening of sorrow" in his own room, when Cliarlio spoko up: "Grandmas and mints nro nil well enough, boys, but sisters nro a heap ',ot tor. You just listen." And in a volcu of pride and lovo lie related his sister's generous act. And tho gay littlo crowd gavo Mary threo cheers and a tiger, bWldos firing off ninostarry rockets simultaneously in her honor. The American Flag. Tho firs'. European banners unfurled upon tiio shores of tho New World, of which wo have any authentic account, are thoto of Columbus, who lauded on tho small Island of St. Salvador, Octob er 12, U!2. Doubtless his iileao of :i new world to tho westward came from Iceland, which lie visited in the spring of 1177. His son writes tliat Columbus, dro sed in scarlet, stepped ashore and planted tho royal standard of Spain, emblaz oned witii the nrms of Castile and Leon. A white llag with green cross was its companion. In MUD tho eastern coast of South Amorica was explored, and eight years later tho great discovery was announc ed to tho world by a Florentine, Amorl cus Vespucius, who gave namo to tho Western continent. About this timo tho Cnbots planted on tho shore of North America tho banners of England and of St. Maik of Vonico. Tho earlier voy ngers found that tho Indians of Nortli Aiiioncn enrnou ior Binutini(-n-vJu-well covered witii tho wing feathers of eagles. Tho red cross of St Gcurgo floated from tho mast of tho Mayflower, 1020, when tho pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock. For n contury and u half, dur ing tho colonial and provincial periods, tho uso of tliu English llag continued in North America, with tho addition of many devices and mottoes. Some flags were all red, white, bluo or yellow. Others were red, with whlto horizontal stripes, or red and bluo stripes. Upon thoso v ero tho pino or "Liberty Tree," and tho words, "An Appeal :o Heaven;" nlso stars, tho cres cent, anchor, beavor and sorpont. Un der tho latter, "Don't tread on mo." A flag at tho battlo of White Plains boro tho v ords "Liberty or Death." On January 2, 1770, at Cambridge, Mass., was first hoisted tho "Grand Union," Hag of the crosses of St. Georga and St. Andrews, nnd t o thirteen al ternate red and whlto stripes, emblem atical of tho union of iho thirteen colo nies against tho oppressive acts of Brit ish tyranny. This was the flag in uso when tho De claration of Independence wns read by tho Committeo of Safety at Philadelphia, in the presence of Washington in Now York, from tho balcony of tho Stato House in Boston. On tho 1 Ith of August, 1777, Congress resolved "that the llag of tho United Slntos bo thirteen stripes, alternately red and wiiitu, and that tho union bo thirteen stars, whlto in n bluo Hold, representing n now constellation." Onco tho stripos were increased t6 fifteen, but in 1818 thoy were changed bnck permanently to thirteen, perpetuat ing tho original thirteen States of tho Union, anil it was decreed that for overy now Stato coming Into tho Union a star should bo added. Tho stars havo fivo points; thoso on our coins six. Thoy wore first arranged in a circle, afterward in tho form of a" large star, ami now In parallel lines. Relation of the Nose to the Face, A somewhat singular fact has bcon observed with roforenco to tho shapo of the noso, or, ratiior, tho sotting of it, so to speak. To bo strictly correct, from tho artist's point of viow, tho noso should bo nccuratcly in tho middle of the fuco, and at right anglos from tho pupil of one oyo to that of tho other. As a matter of fact it is rarely or novor found thus placod; It Is almost invaria bly a littlo nut of tho "square," and tho fact of its being so is often that which lends a peculiar expression nnd pipuanoy to the face. A medical writer points out that thoro aro anatomical reasons why a slight dovlation from tho truo central lino may bo expected, and that tho noso which Is thus accura ratoly straight botwoon tho two oyos may, aftor all, bo considered nn ab normal ono; tho only nbsolutoly truo nnd correct organ boing, In fact, that which thus doviates u litt lttlo to tho right or left. Tho sweotostllfo is to bo ovor making sacrifices; tho hardest lifo a man can lead on earth, the most full of misery, Is to bo always doing his own will and seeking to ploaso himself. Truth is tho bond of union and the basis of human happiness. Without this vli tuo thoro is no rollauco on lan guago, no aoutldonco in friendship, uo security in promises and oaths.