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T. E. WfMhcrtjr. f I'm In love, but I've never told licr, Never told the maiden I lovo; I l'c In the long green grass and behold her, As site swings nil day In the boughs above. I'm a student with toll o'crladen, Aid a student ever should books prefer, But she's such a darling dainty maiden, I ily thoughts go swinging away with her. See saw I Margery Daw I Up In the apple-tree Margery swings; And I, lying under, Watch her and wonder "What Is the ditty that Margery sings. And she goes swinging; and I go slaving, Turning tho leaves ol a musty book, But surely that was her whlto hand waving; And surely that was my darling's look. A. perfect fortress of books 1 sit In, , Ethics, economy, politics, law, .But all tho pages I vow wcro written By that little philosopher, MargcryJDaw. See saw I Margery Daw I Up In the applc-trco Margery swings; ' And I, lying under, Watch her and wonder T Wliatls the ditty that Margery slugs. The light Is fading, the day grown older And now the wesUrlng sun Is gone, And Margery I no moro behold her: In the deep, cool grass I Ho alone. For Margery she was a sunbeam only, And I was ft fool for all my paM3, nut whctiE r I'm sad. and whenever I'm lonely, , . Back comes Margery, back again. Bee saw I Margery Daw I JJp In the apple-tree Margery swings ; For "Life's a dream, And love's a shadow 1" And that Is the ditty that Margery sings. WIND FANTASIKS. Spectator. Oh, wild and woful wind I Cease for one moment thy complaining dreary, And tell mo If thou art not sad and weary, And thy travel Is not long and eerie Ob, wild and woful wind I Oh, houseless, homeless wind 1 Tiwrlnirsmv heart to hear thy sad lamenting; Hast thou n wound whoso pain knows no re lenting, Canst never lay thy burden by repenting! Oh, houseless, homeless wind I Ob, sad and mournful wind I From what wild depths of human pain and sor- i ro,v' Couldst thou those tones of restless anguish borrow, As a soul that dreams of no to-morrowl Oh, sad and mournful wlndt Oh. solitary wind I Wo know not whence thou comcst or whither gocst Whon round our homes thy wUzard blast thou blowcst, No home, no shelter, thou, poor pilgrim, know est Oh, solitary wind I Most melancholy wlndl Is thlno a requiem o'er tho dead and dying, Or art thou some despairing spirit sighing O'er a lost paradise behind thco dylngl Most melancholy wind I Tell mo I long to know Art thou a wild and weary penance doing, Through the lone wilderness thy way pursuing, Chased by the secret of thine own undoing? Tell me; I long to know. Hast thou no other voice, No words to whisper thy most grievous sto- Wbcro thou didst plnrv. lose thlno ancleut crown of Ere thou wast banished to theso deserts hoaryl Hast thou no other voice! Oh. tsou art flerco andSvlldl Thy nightly chariot through tho black skies lashing, Tho cloud-shapes 'round tho mountain summits diulilncr. Tho waves of ocean 'round the wrecked bark crashing Ob, thou art fierce and wild. Yet art thou full of woe. Perchance, thou wert Earth's ongelwhcn was llirhtcd flln's lurid torch, and all her bowersjwere blitrhtcd. Thy poor heart by that awful shockjbculght- cd Thou art so full of woe. Hast thou no hope, no hopol That thv Door weary pinion thou art flinging Against the Btar-pavcd floor, with echoes ring intr. Of angel footsteps and their anthem singing Hast thou no hope, no liopei And hast thou never heard That sin's wild torch Is quenched tu blood aton inir, And that in days to come Creation's groan. lnc Will cease, and rapturo fill tho placo of moan lugl- Oh, hast thou never hcardl But thou will one day hear I For heaven and earth will Btand lu silent won. dcr. When Love unites what sin hath rent asunder, 'Proclaiming victory In music-thunder And thou wilt that day hear. In heaven all will bo Joy, Ami there thv walling, too, will cease forever, Aud thou, perchance, will float o'er Life's full river, .And Join the melody that ccaseth never In heaven, where all Is Joy. GENERAL COMBS. What He Said and Thought of Himself. In a newspaper Interview n fow years :ago tho Into Uenerat uomus sum: fv nnmn Is Gonoral Loslio Combs I wns born near Boonsboro, in this Stato, November 2D, 1703. .My fnthor camo to Kentucky, whloli was then a part of Virginia, in 1770, nud obtained n K"iVt of nthousandioresof land from the fflato. After planting enough of it in pVi to malntairHiistltloLo returned togjnhiiOTtlolpntod in tho rov- omllonlrTyTOr.jyiucommnnaou a com pany of infancy at Yorktown. Aftor tho war ho oawo batik to Kontuoky and liolpod Danlol Boouo drlvo out tho In diana. At tho time I speak about sloop ing on tho salt-bags, in tho year 1818, General Harrison was cooped up nt Fort Moigs, and Colonel Dudloy and Co(jl Boswoll wcro hastened to life rollcwlth two regiments of Kontuokians.Ofondo,' tho command of Gonoral Green Clay, tho fathor of Cassius M. I was a Cap tain of tho scouts, nnd with four whito men and a Shawnoo Indian who know tho country, I 'smarted in ndvanco down tho Maumoo rlvor to toll tho General that aid was coming. I got in sight of Fort Meigs, and saw that our tin" was still there, whon 1 found that a largo body of British and Indians was botween mo and tho fort, and I was compolled to turn book. I rojolned my command, and on tho 6th of May, Colonel Dudloy attacked tho British under Proctor nt tho foot of tho ltaplds, fifty mile? below FortDcflanco. Wo would iiavo defeated him had not Toounisoh, with a largo body of Indians, crossed tho river nnd como to Proctor's aid. I was wounded twlco that day in tho shoulder, nnd nlso takon prisoner witn sovorai ot my men. Wo wcro put for safo keeping in a kind of fort or earthworks, behind which wo had to squat down to provont tho red dovils from shooting us. Pretty soon n big Indian camo In tho fort nnd toma hawked nnd scalped ono of my men named Murphy right beforo my eyes. Wo would all havo been killed had not Tccumsoh heard of tho outrage, and ho camo into tno lort nnu mado a specon to tho Indians. I know a littlo of the Indian lingo then, nnd remember him tolling tho Indians that it wns cowardly to kill unarmed men in captivity. Ohl cs, iccumseit wns agroatman. lou'it llnd all that ho said that dav recorded in Mo Afco's history. That night I slept on tho British ship Naucy. Wo wero taken across tho lake, but tho Brilisli didn't kcop us but a littlo whllo, for they wero short of provisions, so tlioy paroled us nnd landed us on tho Ohio shoro. Wo made tho best of our way on foot to Chilllcothc, when tho com mandant of tho post put a kcol-boatat my disposal, and wo camo down tho Scioto Itlvcr to tho Ohio ns far as Mays vlllu. Yes, indeed, young man, tlioso wcro tough times, nnd you youngsters havo no idea of tho privations that wo pioneers endured in order to redeem tills land from savagery and bring it under tho inlluenco of civilization. "You'ro right I havo seen somo ro- markablo changes in my time. Why, 1 wns tno Moody of tno hard-cider cam paign for Harrison in 1810. There's plenty of pcoplo hereabouts that can tell you I raised almost ns groat crowds for old Tippocanoc, nnd hold them in tho samo manner." "Wnsn't Harrison pretty much of nn old grandmother?" "Well, ynas, butyousoo wodldn't know it then. Wo wero lighting for tho man wo had known thirty years before, and ho had kind of growed nway from us. But ho was a good man, nnd represent ed my principles. You soo I was, and am still, a rogular old-lino Henry Clny Wilis: in polities, anil a bt. joiin-tn-tiio- wilderncss, milk-and-honoy ironsides Baptist in religion; none of your sprink led follows, but nregulnrdip-in-tho-wn- tcr-of-Jordnn Baptist. Talking of great men, Henry Clny wns tho greatest man America over produced. Ho wns my mend." As tiio old man eloquently said this his form grow proudly stiff, and ids eye Hashed with unwonted lire. Alii there's nono iiko mm nowi no was tno puro patriot nnu tno lover of his kind. Have you been to Ash lindr" "No." "Well, go, by all moans. It'll mnko a better American of you, voting romi, to broatho tho samo air that Henry uiay inhaled, uo tuero, by all moans. I soo your pnpors aro making a great iuss auotit tnni. spiuer leggcd brlugoyou southotn railroad fol low built across tho Kentucky river. When tho War broko out I was Presi dent of tho Kentucky Central railroad, nnd I was building n suspension bridge across tho rivor at tho samo placo. I had tho towers up and tho anchorages built. Roobllng, who built your sus pension bridge, wns doing tho work. I snout $93,000 on it. Well, tho war knocKed it nu in tno ncau. lour man. David Slnton, got the railroad, and tho wliolo thing Jiasgonoto tno uovu now." "liavo you uccn out 10 sco ino now bridge?'"' "No sir; I daren't trust my self to go there. I would bo so mad that x TniiiK i wouiu jump on it, oven if it is tho highest bridgo in tho world. Yes, I boliovo I would, for I havo no doubt of my future Par son Dudley sometimes says that ho won't bo rosponsimo lor mo, unless i quit swearing and talking in this way; but 1 havo contldonco in tho justico of mv God. nnd J am, as 1 said before, so- curo of my futuro; though, of courso, I would like to havo as much morcy shown mo ns possible Do I imbibo? Well. vcs. sometimes; and, as i Kinu ot liko, young man, I don't mind joining you. " Aro you going to put this in tho paporr" "ics. "won, ici u uoKinu of interesting to somo of tho old boys, and tho young ones, too. Well, hero's God bloss usl ' nnd tho old man tottered off, leaving mo to muso on tho story ho had told. Truly, indeed, had ho said that ho had seen wonderful changes in his time. Tho veteran of tho frontier war of 1818 tho friend of Hnrrlson, of Henry Clay, of tho Mnrshalls, tho Crlttendons, and tho onco wealthy railroad President ilnds himself almost alono in his old ago. Nearly all tho friends of his primo aro sleeping in their narrow home. His fortune is suuk in public improvements that havo not benefited their progenitor, and to day ho spends his time wandering botween ills homo and tho Fhmnix, living in tho past, nnd hanniest when ho can find somo ono who will listen patiently to his talos of . 1 1 1 . L' . . 1. ...1,1 1.,. UlU lOUg uyUUUU. OUU11 UU, IUU, will U" erathorcd to his fathers, and another fink will bo severed from tho chain that binds us to tho past. Aftor 1 10 old man had left tho hotel ono of tro clerks said to mo: "I seo you havo had quite a confab with tho old lioncral." "les," I ronlled, "and I found him qulto n cur iosity." "Ho is, indeed," said the clerk, "but wo aro so used to Urn that wo get tired of his stories. Hisiomory of tho nnst is tlmply wonderful. Every day is tho anniversary of somojjiing that has happened to him in his youth, but ho can't remember anything that has taken placo in tho past fow years." "How is no nxed pecunianiyr ivisKou, "Not verv woll." was Iho rofrponso, "Ho owns a nico house nbovo hetv, and has enough to llvo on, but that isVibout all." Mexican Washerwomen. Mexican Letter. Tho Moxicnn women, liko their rcmoto nnccstrcssos, persist in was! on a stono "losa Uo lavadora" on their kuces at the sldo of a stiraim, or, if nt homo, still in tho samo posit lorn on tho identical stono slab, with cold wlter and very littlo soap often with onll n snnonnceous herb called "zacato," ttid thoy rinso in a weo bit of n JbaUu," whloli is littlo olso than ft smnFf "dig- out" oi; rudo tub. Owing to Wis slow proeoss ovory family ot lour or nvo por sons must havo two or tin eo laundresses. and oven then it isdilllculttogot clothes returned under two or threo weeks. In fact, tho women of tho lower class seem to havo no idea of the lapso of timo, for thoy stop n dozen times a day to smoke nnd gossip, yot thoy nro, after nil, good, harmless souls. Moxlcan fnmllios who have been in tho United States nnd American colonists also havo brought tubs, washboards, and oven had washing-machines brought hero, but to no purpose. Thoso Atoo womon dotost "modorn helps" qulto as hoartily as thoy do the long-handled "Ynnkco broom.' ' As to punctuality why theso laundresses havo no idea wlint it means. For oxamplo, auAmorlcan (thoyiraposo moro on us man m tueir own pcopioj -w Most Lfmg mny give a washerwoman his linen. Tin co or four weeks may clnpo nnil it is not returned. Ho fancies it ha. been stolen. Not nt nil. Tho victim will, on investigation, Hud that tho laundress, having been invited to a christening, a dnnce or a bull light, has pawned his clothing to got money to buy finery for tho festive occasion. If Mr. A.'s linen suffers this fate ho need not bonlarmcd; pationco alono Is necessary. I ho wo man will then pledge Mr. B.'s clothing nnd redeem Mr". A.'s from tho pawn shoo until sho has earned enough to como out squnro with nil her customers. I heard ot a caso wnoro a Jnuiuircss loaned tho clothes ot an American to n fnmllv in which thoro wns n caso of smnll-pox that tho mother might pawn them to get mcdicmo lor a sick child. Tho Old Highland Chleflalns. No men wero prouder of their rank and descent. Not n fow of them wcro educated in Franco or Knglnnd, nnd had onco beon in tho huMtof mixing in a society from which they scenicc! to bo hopelessly banished. Impoverished nnd disappointed, thrown back upon their own diminished resources, tho potty monnrchs nnd tyrnnts of nil they surveyed, thoy lost their slight culture, and their fallings grew into vieo?. With many of tho outwnrd signs of natlvo high-breeding, tho Highland chief grow moro nnd moro narrow-minded, ns ho lived on, year after year, in n contract ing circlo of idens, striving to interest himself in ills shooting, fishing nnd cattle-breeding. Ho was imitated in nil rcspccU by his tenants nnd kinsmen ac cording to their lights But tho smaller man, whllo dutifully submissive to his chief, showed his 'inborn haughtiness still moro objectionably; and as ho hnd known nothing of the world boyond his natlvo wilds, was moro absolutely wed ded to his antiquated prejudices. Ono and all wcro lavish in tholr hospitality, though their opportunities of practicing it wero loss frequent than thoy could havo desired; for tho visits of strangors wero fow and far botween, nt n timo whon admiration of tho beauties of na ture was still a tasto of tho futuro. As for Highland festivities, whon thoy did como off, thoy took tho form of hard drinking necessarily siif.h talk asthcro was turned on topics that woio strictly local; so that, even when tho guest chanced to be u man of ideas, ho did littiu to enlighten the darkness of his hosts. Morocco. Morocco is inclosed by tho Mediter ranean, Algeria, tho desert of bahara, nnd tho Atlantic, nnd is inhabited by a mongrel population of about 800,000 souls. Tho agriculturists are mostly Arabs and Slielloohs, dwelling on tho rich plains; thoy nro poor eiiltlvators, and aro taxed to death. Tho wild Ber ber tribes, in n chronic state of revolt, occupy tho perilous heights and passes of the Atlas chain. Tho Moors, the Jows, and tho blacks crowd themselves into tho towns and villages. From tho blacks the bulk of tho Eninoror's army is recruited. The Moors.descondcd prin cipally fromtlio Moors urn on out oi Spain by Ferdinand and Isa bella, aro a degenorato raco, contaminated by Intermarriages with tho Arabs; tho Jows aro precisely what thoy wero in Europo in tho Mid din Aires thriftv. crafty. Dorsccuted. iim-nmnlitlnitif. tukincr it out of their omircssors In tho way of profits. Noi- ther their lot nor tholr nature hss boon changed by oxllo. Tho notable towns nm MnmiM'O. tho capital. Kl-Aralsh. Tnl'ili't. Amnllr. Mosradoro. Fez. and Tangier. Thoy aro all ground into Inst iindur tho heel of the Emperor. rangier, tho outer urcaelied wall of Islnmism. Is roirarded with "articular disfavor, her commerce hnrassed, and nn- trndo straii!i ed uv wninisioni ro stiietions. No man there dares own himself rich; If suspected of secreted wi!i 1 1. ha is tortured until uo reveals tho hullug place; then both his head and his monov aro removed, iho hm unror's Idea of taxation Is tho simplest possible; ho takes w nit ho wants. There is no appeal. Ho altors weights, measures, nr.d prices at will: the multiplication table goes down baforo him. lne sworn, tno cord, tho bastinado, and tho branding-iron nro over ready to enforeo his caprico. It is no hyperuolo when tho court poet assures this monster that he holds life nud death in tho hollow of his hand. Ho is tho only full-blown despot wlioso do minions llo contiguous to civilization. Tho Czar of all tho uussias is not so much his own master: the Sultan nt Constantinople Is not so absoluto. Tho frrimt dusnot breeds a host of lesser nnna. nnil ii, is rneso unit u ecu tuuroccu ... ., .t unmercifully. Tho nomndio tribes hayo i in i' aiuiik. inn cuics ineir can i. inu provinces their pnshti and the hoad devil at Fez has thorn nil. Harper's Mngazlno for duly. How to Tell it (looil I'otntn, From tho San KmncUco Cull, Aug. H. Hero is a crood place in which to im part what is a secret to the vast ma jority of tho people, it is ono welt worth knowing. It is simply how to toll a good potato; that Is as well us can bo done without cooking it, for sometimes even experts nro deceived, lake a sound potato, nud paying no attention to its outward appearunco, divide it in ti.tvvri nli'i'PM with vour knlfo nun ex ainlnu tho exposed surfaces, If there is so much water, or "iuleo." that seem Ingly a slight pressuru would cause it to tall on in urops, you mny uu sure u wn bo "soggy" alter it is boiled. Tnosi nru tno I'ciinlsitu dualities for agood po tato which must appear when one Is cut In two; tor color, a yeuowisu wane: If It is a deep yellow iho potato will not cook woll; tliero must bo aeonslder ablo amount of moisture, though not inn niniili! mli the two nieces toiret her and n whlto froth will appear around tho edges and upon tho two surfaces; this signifies tho nrnsnncit nf starch, and tho more starch. and consequently froth, tho bettor the nnliilo. whllo the less thoro U tho pool'' or it will cook. Tho strength of tho starohy olomont oau bo testod by ro reaslng tho hold upon one piece of tho potato, and if it still clings to tho other, this In Itself Is a vory good sign. These aro tho experiments generally, made by exports, and thoy nro ordinarily willing to buy on tho strength of tholr turning nut well, thnmrli. as stated abovo. tlioso tests aro by no means Infallible. 1'ho antl-Chlneso olomont In society will not liko tho information that nory largo percontago of the potatoes consumed in tills mai-uet aro raised uyuiunnmun, Imtmiuh Is tkoeaso. Tho "Ulvor Hods,'' our cheapest potato, .which Is grown along tho banks of tho Saorameuto Hirer, nrn raised nlmost exclusively by tho heathen, who ship them to tho commission merchants, from whoso Ktm-oa tlinv trn to tint hotels, boarding' hoiisos, aiiil private houses all over tho Clt.V, aild IV IOW good seasons nuiK.ua lu. iiiinnmnu nun uum uunti""x stand-point. A young lady and her fathor woo looking at a druggist, who was vory nicely balancing tho dollonto littlo scales on which tho proscription was bolncr woighod. "Howproelsol how (InoHiow littlo I" said tho girl. "Yes, said tho fathor, "but ho will not do bo with tho bill." Said tho Gonoral to tho Major,' "What i your rank, sirP" and tho Ma jor replied, "I am a Major, uenorai." PRACTICAL SCIENCE. Substitute for Uuttn-l'rrclin. French chemist has obtained a denso black gum from tho outer layors of the birch-truo bark by distillation. It possesses all tho ordinary properties of gultn-pcrcha, and has the additional mer.t of resisting thu deterioraiin: in llticnco of air and tho corrosive action of acids. A New Honing Mnrhlne. An Englishman lias invented a sew ing macliino which it is claimed is ca pable of making from 2,000 to fi.OOO stitches por minute nccordlng to tho numuor oi nccuics employed, doing, In fact, tho work of '-'0 persons. This is said to bo tho first machine invented hat will mnko a regular running stitch in exnet imitation of handiwork. Iteiupiljr for Scrntclim. A Cnnndlan correspondent nf tho Scientific American gives the following simple remedy for scratches in horses: "Having tried many lotions, etc., only to obtain temporary relief formv horse. 1 ( oncliidcd to try a mlxttiro of flowers of sulphur and glycerine, which I mixed into n paste, using sulllelent glycerine o give it a glossy appearance, nnd tho results i obtained in u short tunc wcro truly wonderful. I apply this pato nt night, nnd in tho mottling beforo going out I npply plain glycerin '." Di-ftlffnt on Tcilllo rulrlr. Tho printing of gold nnd silver de signs on carpotlngs and other textile fubrics is now enrred on to n high de gree of porfectloivby means of Improve ments recently introduced, mo nronzo powder is now united at once wi.h the printing material, tho liquid silicate of potash or oxldo of sodium answering this purpose. Ono part, by weight, of gold, sliver, or bronze powder, com bined with two parts of tho silicate, will give a print roller wineii is cnsiiv trans ferable by rollers to naper, oil cloth, woods, and metal. The bronzo thus printed dries very rapidly, and is not re movable by oil or wnter, unless they nro boiling; it nlso boars light nnd heat equally well, nnd especially sulphuretted hydrogen, widen has so destructive an effect on bronzes put on, according to tho ordinary method, in the form of powder. Smelting Iron. Smelting Iron with petroleum oil has been found both practicable and advan tageous. In somo recent trials, the feeding apparatus consisted of a main tank containing somo four nnd one-hnlf barrels of crudo oil, the latter being convoyed to tho tuyeres by an Inch gas pipe, whoro, by a series of valves and pipes, it becomes incorporated with superheated steam beforo entering the crucible. It passes Into tho tuyeres through tho gatoof tho blowpipe, about an inch abovo tho plug hole, tho capac ity being from ten to ono hundred gal lons of liquid nn hour to each tuyere. The llamo moves with a very rapid mo tiona motion that would seem to melt nnythlng with which It came In contact and tho two volumes, one of superheated steam and tho other nf oil, beenmo ono miming voiumo oi puro carburet of hydrogen. .Musical Sounds. Scientific men nro now discussing tho mcstlon whether tho photophonio or musical sounds produced, of lato, lu disks of various substances mica, In dian rubber, metal, wood, etc by hold ing them In tho path 6f n rapidly inter rupted beam of light, nro roally duo to heat and not to light It appears that such sounds, or notes, havo been ob tained from ordinary gas lamps with out employing lenses to coneeutrnto tlio interrupted ocnm, oy simpiy urmg Ing tho receiving disk near tho source oven a pinto of conpor, heated to a bright red heat, producing very distinct niuslcai tones, theso gradually dying away as tho plato cools to a dull red followed by obscurity. Again, tho fact that when tno receiving uisks nro coated with silver on tho sido noxt tho llorht tho effects havo proved feoblo, and wlien coated with ubsorb"nt4ampblack aro strong, it is thought to throw doubt on the theory of sounds being duo to ight. Tho Folion Suumc, This sumao is terrible in Its effects, ofton causing tonipornry blindness. Somo years ago it became tno fashion tn wear immense wreaths and bunches of natlllcial llowors insldo nnd outside of ladles' bonnets. Tho llowor makers. being hard pressed for material, mado uso ol dlieu grasses, suuii-vcssuis, uuis, and cntklns; theso wero painted, dyed, frosted, nnd bronzed, to make thorn at tractive. I becamo grontly interested In tho business nnd tho ingenuity dis nhivod: nnd spent much time oxamln (no- thu contents of milliners' windows. On ono oecnsion, whon standing boforo a very fashlonaiiio milliner s window on Fourteenth street. I was horror-striken on discovering that au immonso wreath nf oravlsh berries, which constituted tho insldo trimming of a bonnet, was composed entirely of tho berries of the polson-suniae. just as thoy had been gathered, not a particle of yarnlsli, bronze, or other material coating thorn. Tho bonnet, whon worn, wov.ld bring tlin nntli-n muss of vllhlillOUS boi'l'IoS Oil the top and sides of the liend, and i low ot tno sprays nuoui lliu uurs mm un tliii forehead. Stopping Into tho store. 1 nddressed the propilelor nnd asked her if sho know that tho bonnet was trimmed with the berries of ono of tho most unisonous shrubs known In tho iTniinit .Slides. Afterstaripg at mo 111 a sort of puzzled way, sho informed mo that I was mistaken; that sho had re ceived thoso llowors from Paris only a week ago. "Madam," I roplled, "there must bo a mlstnko somowhoro, for thoso are tho bonios of tho polson-sumao, wnii'h does not grow in Europo." Sho gave mo ono angry look, nsKod mo to ploaso attend to my own business, anil swept away from mo to tho other end of tho store. A fow days aftor this I read in thn daily papers nn account of tho poisoning of anuinbfr of small girls employed in a French artificial llowo" manufactory lu Greono street. I nt onco guessed tho cause. I vUlted the factory mentioned, Introduced myself to tho proprietor, told him what I knew about tho poison berries and was rudely requobted to mako mysolf scarce Aftor theso two adventures I made un my mind to kcop my botanical knowl edge (poisonous though it might bo) to myself. Harper's Young People. Tho quantity of salt produood in this eountiy lu tho census year 1830 Is re turned as 29.800.U03 bushols from four toon States and the Territory of Utah; 4,831,lli0 of this Is by solar evaporation, Of thU lattor, Calllornla produced 870, 003 bushels from son or bay water; Eoulslona produced 813,000 (hor total) from inland lakes, or natural deposits; Michigan produced 103,500 from subtor rancau brines; Novnda produced 114,008 from inland iakos, nnd 67,500 from sub terranean brines; Utah produced 483, 800 from Inland lakes; Now, York pro duced 3,777,000 from subtorranean biinos. Of tho total produoi by artlll elai boat, all from subtorranean brines, Michigan led with 13.373,885 bushols; Now York was noxt, with 0,071.303. nil by kottlo or pan proeoss; Wost Virginia was next, with 2,070,433, nil by steam evaporation process: next was Ohio, with, 3,030,301; next was Pennsylvania, with 833,130. Tho salt industry em ploys 201 establishments, having $8, 233,750 capital nnd 5,003 hands, and pay ing $1,350,113 wnges. Tho vahio of tho entiio 2!l,800.2()3 bushels of product Is 4.817.030. Michigan stands nt the head In point of number of establish ments and hands, wages paid, nnd quantity produced; Isow York is next In all respects, and nt tho lic.nl in capital employed. Loulslann's 312,000 lmsiioisnro rock salt, mined and uround. Tho number of establishments has de creased from 800 in 1800 to 201 m 1880, tho decronso being nearly all in Now York nnd Pennsylvania; In Now York tho number has declined from 500 to 09. In Michigan it has Increased from 1 to 80, and in California f rm 2 to 35. Cap ital einnloved lias decreased stlrrhtlv in Now York and lias enormously' In creased In others. Tho ouantlty of salt procuce", however, has'lncrcnscd from 13,717,108 bushels In 1800 to 20,800,308 In 1B3U. tno nverngo for one h cstabi si.- nioivt Increasing from 31,873, to 113,873 bushels. The quantity of salt imported wns 007.743.000 pounds In 1871. II20.378 000 In 1874. 8G(i,()87.000 in 187(1, 1HH),210, 000 In 1877, 8G0.5S!).()(K) In 1878. 1)00,015, 000 In 1800, nnd 003,I170;000 in 1880. The values bnvo not always kept the samo pace ns tho quantities, tho 807,087,000 in 1870 being worth Sl.773.4in. nnd thu 001,310.000 pounds in 1870 being worth i,u.iw,osi. i no value of our exports of this commodity were but f (1,013 In 1880, nnd tho maximum during tho decade was only 1 10,1 15, In 1871. The Atlanta Kipoxltton. From tho lloMon Hcrtihl. Tho Atlanta Exposition Is sum to be a much bigger all air than the most sanguine ot its projectors dreamed. Applications for spneo are beginning to pour in nt such a rate ami in sucn numbers that the building of an annex to tho exhibition structuro proper is highly probable. Already the man agement iias been compelled to build nu annex to thu railroad exhibit build ing. Agricultural Hall has grown to txvlco tho size originally contemplated, while the art and industrial pavlllion has been enlarged. The books now show nearly 2,000 entries, of such variety ns to justify the title of the Atlan ta "International" Exposition. Tho railway exhibit, which has so wonder fully outgrown thu plans of the manage ment, will bo ono of the great features of thu exposition. Tho products, min eral and agricultural, of 15,000 miles of railway will boon exhibition. Acurious exhibit is that of a North Carolina (Inn. which will show 2,000 specimens of med leal herbs giown in North Carolina. Tlio cotton exhibit will contain every thing, from thu plow which breaks up thu ground for tlio crop to thu compli cated and delicately adjusted loom which turns out thu tin est fabrics. A premium of $ 1.000 has been offered for tho best bale of staplo cotton. Tho eon test for this prlzo will bo a lively ono. Tanner Demi. From tho Hloii.x City JuiiriuU. Dr. Tanner, tho famous faster, is dead. Ho had gono to Amsterdam. Holland, to perform another feat of fasting, such ns lie underwent in Mew York, nnd which attracted world-wido attention. Among tho skeptics In re gard to tho doctor's feat was a Dr Croft, a coicuraicd iiouann piiysicinn, oi Am sterdam, nnd sovcral Dutch papers had expressed disbelief in tho genuineness of tho fast. Tho object of Dr. Tanner In going to Amsterdam was to perform in Dr. Croft's house a fast similar to that which ho had gono through In this country. Ho reached Amsterdam no compnnicd by his wlfo and two chil dren, niid after recuperating a week at a hotel, Informed tho landlord who ho wns, and tho naturo of his visit. Dr. Croft was absent at this time, but returned shoatly af torwards and hasten ed to greet tho faster. Dr. Tanner ran out of his room to recetvu him, but In doing so missed his footing nt the top of tlio stairs and fell to the bottom. The full caused concussion of tho brain nnd other injuries, and tho unfortunate faster beathed his last thu next day. His death was In queer cintrast with tho fame ho had labored so hard to earn, and tho notoriety ho nehleved, for ho iiad been been dead nt least threo weeks when a London correspondent happen ed to learn of tho facts in tho case, and made tho first public announcement In the London Standard. Even now thu dato of his death is unknown In this country. Mr. nnil Mrs. tipoopentlyko Wrcstlo With the Sarti Trunk. "My dear," said Mrs. Spoopendyko. ns sho aroso from hor knees, not nnd tired with packing, and rubbing thn small of her back ns sho straightened up. "I'm all through now. and I wish you would lockthis trunk." "Certainly," replied Mr. Snoopon dyko, dropping his paper and slam ming down thu lid. "All you'vo got to do is just lit tho hasp in tho lock and turn tho kov. Sol" But tho key didn't qulto turn, and Mr. Spoopendyko hit the hasp with tho side of his list and tried it again. "Don't it work V" nsked Mrs. Spoon ondyko, watching tho proceeding with consldorablo interost. It'll work if you'll let it alono," said Mr. Spoopendyko severely, and ho raised tho lfd, droppod it again, pounded tho hasp and wrenched at tho koy with all his strength. "Stand back and give mo room, can't you?" ho growled as ho pressed down on tho cover and gave tho koy quick twists In a vnlu ellort to catch tlio lock una wares. "Why don't you rest your weight on it and let mo lock It?" asked Mrs. Spoopendyko, lluttorlng around hor husband ami wondering if ho was thoroughly awaro that his plug hat was Immediately under tho lid. "Havo you got tho time to koop nway from this thlug nnd let mo work it?" demanded sir. spooponuyKO, contem plating his wlfo with a Spartan expres sion of visago. "S'poso I can do any thing with you sitting on my elbow? If You'll go down collar for a minute I'll' lock Mils trunk," and Mr. Spoopen dyko banged away at tho hasp and breathed hard. But his best efforts could only turn tho koy half way. "Ohl ain't I clad you couldn't lock Itr'oxolalmed Airs. Spoopondyko, ux ious to stay her husband's growl wrath, "I forgot to put in your walk ing cane," "Dodgasttho canol" sputtorod Mr. Spoopondyko. "S'poso it's going to lock any easier with a dod gastod walk ing cniio sticking out nt ono end? What's tho reason I can't lock It? And ho stood off and fetched the hasp v. tremendous kick.. "Anything olso you'vo forgotton to put In?" And ho sprang on thu lid and tugged at tho koy with His head thrown ba-.sk nnd his tooth sot, "Got a couplo of mliTors you want put in bore? Any china around tho house that wants to ride In this trunk? Want, to put In that dod gusted ass at tho top of the lloor who trios to play tho liddlo?" And ho Hopped off on to tho lloor and bnngou at tho hasp again. J'Lct mo sit on it," suggostod Mrs. Spoopondyko, i'lmbing up without waiting for a rosponso. "Now try It." Mr. Spoonpondyko tumbled around ami worked at tho hasp ami koy, but fruitlessly. "Can't you sit any hardor than that?" ho yelled, . as tho koy stuck and wouldn't turn olthor way. "Frald of broaklng tho nioasly thiug? Press down can't yo?" Mrs. Spookond6ko squirmed around nnd saidi "Now doar," and then looked to sco how ho wns gottlng on, but seo tho look wns obdurate. "Dod gasttho measly trunk I" howled Mr. Spoopondyko, firing tho key out of the window and having tho trunk n farewell kit k. "If you want it locked get a blneksmlfji nnd n steam derrick," and Mr. Spoopendyko thtow itself into a ehalrand (trctended to bury himself in his paper. "I don't know how wo'ro over going to get it open.'; said Mrs. Spoopondyko nfter a long silence. 'Got what open?" growled hor hus band. "Tho trunk. Now I remember It's got a spring lock, and when you took tlio koy out tt locked itself. I don't sup pose wo enn over llnd tho koy." "That's Itl" yelled Mr. Spoopondyko. "You know all about it now! Why didn't you tell mo it wns a spring lock? Whal'd yo keep It to yourself for?" "I forgot," whimpered Mrs. Sponpen dyke; "but It will bo nil right. I can open it." "Oh, you ennopon Itl" snorted Mr. Spoopendyko. "You'ro an openorl All you want Is to bo sharpened on hot h sides to bo nn oystor knlfo! With . dark lantern and n skull capyor. ma a full set of burglars' toolsl Oh. y . you'll open 111 If you had a looso h? dlo and ono corner kicked off you'd g rich as a screw drlvorl" and Mr. Spo ondyko tore out of tho houso to so,, ho could borrow something to pry oe the unfortunate trunk. "That gives mo timo to pack tho valise," murmured Mrs. Spoopendyko. "and as 1'vo gt nnothor koy to the trunk we'll do pretty well aftor all, "nnd tho worthy lady began to jam night shirts and hair oil Into tho bags.togetner with sandwiches and tooth brushes, wondering betimes whether Mr. Siioop. endyku's silk hat had beon so badly smashed that tt wouldn't do to go llsh inglnon rnlny days, oven It It didn't look woll enough forchurch. Brooklyn Eagle. HOW TO CONDUCT A VA1HV I' A 1 1. 11 To begin, then, if any of you wcro to take possession of a dairy farm next week, I would say, fill nn ico houso with ice, if you havo. not already dono so, say from eight to twenty feet square, according to tho sizo ot tho dairy and tho occupation pursued; if for che'eso eight feet square is suffi cient; if you mako butter, an ice houso twenty feet squaro nnd fourteen feet high will bo ample for a dairy of fifty cows with common well water. As soon ns tho ico house is filled, or be tween now and April, cut, buy, borrow, or beg a year's supply of firewood. This will savo many annoyances and a great deal of bad temper, out doors mid in tho house. Next ascertain if you have on hand sufficient feed, say twelve pounds of hay, twclvo pounds of corn stalks and straw, four pounds of corn meal, eight pounds of bran for each cow, or its equivalent, per day to last until the 14th of May. If not, rcduco the number of cows, or procure tho feed; remember that no one ever cheated n cow without sho retaliated with heavy costs. Tho next sensible thing to do would bo to comuicnco hauling tho manure direct from tho stnblo to your fodder corn ground, of which there should bo no less than one eighth of an aero for each cow. Some timo in April, or as soon ns the frost is out of tho ground, onts should bo sown and corn ground fitted, so ns to plant on or beforo tlio twentieth of Mny. I would not recommend anv other kind of grain, unless it should bo rye, sown in tlio fall, whoro you want to seed down; this ryo docs for early soiling in a dry spring, or makes good horso feed when ripe, and is tho king of all grain with which to sow grass seed, for you novcr havo bad luck seeding with rye. Cows in milk should bo fed each day until turned out to pasture, what hay hay they will cat and not less than six quarts of ground corn and o-tts, or bran, or nil, mixed; aftor thoy aro turn ed out they sliould havo not less than three quarts, substituting wheat mid dlings for corn meal; after haying, which should bo commenced by tho 18th of Juno on clover, and all grasses cut by tho end of tho second wcok in July. This will allow low of two cuttings, and in somo casso of threo for now seeding clover always supposing you havo had sense enough to sow plaster in tlio spring. This brings mo to the most import ant part of dairy farming. It is, so to speak, a fork in tho road ono of which leads to pastured meadows, which means a short hay crop,killcd out clover, empty barns, disappointment and finan cial loss; tlio other road leads to per manent meadows, replenished clover, full barns, nnd constant gain; therefore I writo in a coarso hand, and wish to read in a loud voice, novcr pasturo your meadowsl A fow ladies m Bos ton, Inst year, started a savings bank, and agreed to give lady depositors eight por cent, in advance, per month, on deposits. It is needless to say that depositors lost everything except tho first ndvanco interest, paid out of their own monoy. Pasturing meadows is not much better financiering. If clo ver meadows nro not pastured, thoy ro seed themselves, by somo heads falling down, and not all reached by tho mower, and tho aftermath prevents freezing out, nnd two crops a year can bo cut as long as desired. One-fourth of tho meadow out after the 1 5th of July, and fed to cows in tho stablo, will furnish moro feed than the entire meadow when pastured. A good hord of cows, fed as abovo indicated, will produco on nn avcrngo 5,000 pounds and ovor of milk per year; if mado into cheese will produco 500 pounds, which sold tho past year for an avcrngo of cloven and thrco-fourtlis cents por poiind; averaging nor cow $58.75. If mado into butter tho nverngo would Ijo about tho samo, which, with rofuso for hogs and calves added, would mako ro coipts for cows per head ovor $00. Thoso calculations aro mado on tho supposition that tho milk was worked up on tho farm. Chocso and buttor faotories havo doiio much for the dairy intorcst of this Stato, and will con tinue to do moro; but it will havo to bo conceded that no dairyman, having fifty cows, can afford to patronize a factory, for tho reason that , tho price paid for manufacturing will hiro a man to work it up nt homo. Tho whey or butter milk is much better if fed boforo an excess of acid has consumed tho bettor portion of it, as it invariably docs when stored in largo quantities. Making Cheddar cliccso has been reduced to rules so plain and simplo that they can bo easily learned; and making butter by submerging tho milk, ns soon as drawn from tho cow, in ico water, at a tcmpcraturo of forty-fivo degrees, is as simple a process as milking, and much sooner learned, so that tliero is no longer any excuse for making poor butter or poor cheese. In regard to tho different breeds for milkers, I think it safo to say that no ono breed has es tablished superiority over nil others. It is but just to say that Ilolstcins, Ayrshircs nnd Jerseys nro uniformly good, but sometimes tlioso called na tives nro equal to any of thcni. Xo practical dairyman will deny that tho most ordinary herd of native cows, if intelligently fed, will bo more prof itable than the choicest breeds kept in cold barns, and fed on marsh hay and straw. The chief elements of milk, chemists tell us, aro albuminoids and curbohynratcs, and all feed consists of tho samo elements, but in widely dif ferent proportions. A cow is not n God to create, but only a chemist to sort out and store up; therefore, when we demand milk from a cow, wo should feed her the proper ingredients out of which milk is made. The best of milk cows, if ignorantly and scantily fed. return small, if any, profits; n poor cow, so fed, entails a pocitivo los.s. O.ie of tho standing objections to dairy farming is tho wiiio spread complaint used by three-fourths of all dairymen, that they cannot get good hired help. Tho worst of this complaint is that tlioso who mako it think they aro tell ing tho futh. I know of but one ef fectual method of ending this com plaint, and that is to hiro ono moro hand. As a rule it is not poor help, bjt too littlo of it. No good hand will stay long whore ho is overworked, or tho work always behind hand. It requires ono hand to every ten cows; it won't do to count ns ono of theso hands a shirking son, a gadding daugh ter, or a shiftless farmer, that goes to town every afternoon, and stays talk ing politics until after milking time. Thoy must bo promptly at tho stable door at roll call. The standing objec tion to moro help is, I can't afford it. Twenty years' experience has convinc ed mo that you can't afford to do with out this ono moro hand, and to keep him all winter. It is tho common practico in nearly all cheese making d'stricts to dry up tho cows and turn o,T tho hired man ns soon as cold weather sets in, say early in December. With such treatment to cows coming into milk tho next May, is n loss of one-fourth of tho receipts, and a cer tain loss of all tho profits of such cows for tho whole year; for if sho is properly treated, sho will produco not less than n half pound of butter per day for 100 days between December rud April, and ten such cows will hiro n man for a year. Tho sum of the wholo matter is plenty of help; plenty of good feed intelligently fed, is tho open scsamo to the tangiblo profits of dairy fanning. Iliram Smith in West ern Rural. , im.ll'T llOHSHS. The largo importations of the various breeds of draft horses into this country now being mado,cannotbut havo agood inlluenco upon tho horse stock of tho United States. Tho importations aro generally Norman-Pcrchcrons,Normans and Clydesdales recognized ns tho threo leading families of tho draft horso in Europe. Each havo their adinirors, who can seo only good points in their favorites, whilo tho others aro scouted as comparatively worthless. In tho opinion of tho unprejudiced pcoplo, howovcr, theso horses aro all calculated to greatly improve out native stock of working horses, nnd uo ono who breeds from cither will mako much of a mis take. Tliero is no doubt, also but that theso horses aro being bred to a higher standard than formerly. This is notably tho caso with the improved Clydcsdalo, wlioso flat sides have been rounded out, his back shortened and his loin broad ened within tho past twenty years,until ho has becomo a handsome specimen of tho draft horse. Ho is not so slow in his movements nor so ungainly ns formcrly,whilo his good disposition and sound constitution havo been retained. For heavy work, such as trucking in cities, lumbering, etc., half-bred Clydcs will provo vory valuable Thoy nro generally good tempered, hardy, nnd capablo of moving immense loads, points which makes them great favorites among truckmen in cities. Michigan Farmer. AN I.Hl'llOVIII) STOCK Cilt. Tho Wintcrsot Madieonian says: Mr. II. Vanwy, of tho firm of Vanwy & Koehlor, cattlo and hog buyers of this county, is highly pleased over an invention for sprinkling hogs in transit, that has been introduced by tho ltock Island railroad company. It con sists of a tank holding sovcral barrols of wator in each end of tho car, from which pipes run longthwiso of tho car. By turning a valvo slightly it sprinkles tho hogs ir. tho contor of tho ear, then turning it a littlo moro tho forco of tho wator causes it to sprinklo on each sido of the contor, and so on till it rcaohos thorn to tho farther sidoB of tho car. Last Thursday, it will bo recollected, was ono of tho hottest days this sum mer, and Mr. Vanwy shipped fivo cars of hogs, including, ns wo call it, one. of theso sprinkling cars. In tlio four common cars ho lost from ono to three hogs by tho heat, whilo in tho sprink ling car, although ho had on 19,000 pounds of hogs, ho didn't !oso ono, and thoy camo through in good shape Go whoro thou wilt thy bUUwlU sure-, ly tlud thoo out.