Newspaper Page Text
. THE COUNTY PAPER,
y HOI1V.NB A WAM.KIt. bni:.uN. i i i m7 oiisi:uvatkinh or i:i:t. caiii: tuck int. crlbar. You 111.1 ml cli It on do psllhi's ti a mighty r"k)r ilan To nnV' yo'ir Judgment briler.loVitil.it klvcro up .mmn; For I Iwr.lly tu'cils to tell 7011 how you often ikimi" crrrus A fltt.v4l0ll.tr Mililtc on (wcntTilollar hos. An', ru'ln' In ilo low groan's, you illsklvcr as vim ipi, Pat ile tints' shuck tuny hliloilc mcsncs' nubbin In a row I I tlnk a infill h.t t;iit a mighty slciiilcr ch.nico tor hewn DA liokU on to Ills piety but one thy out o' m.'th'll j Dat talk limit ile dinner wlil a Iumjio solemn ell it, An'neblierilnipift nlcklo In ile missionary hat ; Dut's foremost. In iln meetln'-5iouc for ralln' nil ile chimes, Bui lays nsMc his 'lltfon lil Ills Sumhy panta loons! I nelilirr Juilu o'ieo(ile iht 1 moots along ric way By do nine ca whir dor come f nun an' ile bouses whsnlcy stay; For de hintaw chicken's nivful foml o' roostln' rrcily I1I3I1, An' do tnrkry-uumrd slls atiovi! ile eagle In ile sky; Dey keWu' little mlnticrj In ile tnlJllcobtic sea, An' jou llmls dc smillcs' 'Kssum up ilo bleges' khiil o' tree I FARM AND (JAIM)EN. Wlmt Slmlt tlu ltrmilt lie? L. F. Cofilii. It Is estimated ttint Iiulinuii is short at least 10,000,000 bushels, Illinois, G0, 000,000 bushels, and Iowa at least 7.1,. 000,000 bushels of corn thU year from s year V 1)011" poor soon. nai a ueariy nought c.y pcricnee is this. Hut tho otiestion Is. shall wo learn wisdom from it? O110 thing 1.1 perfectly certain. If tho corn is picked from tho field just after tho husks begin to turn a rlpo color, ami hung up hy tho husks over a wire or polo over thu kitchen or in tho shed, where no hulk grain or anything liku it Is stored that will heat or sweat it, every kernel of that corn will grow. If picked quite early, just as it begins to dent, tho seed seems to ho very strong,, and will send out vigorous plants. Still wo do r.ot liku that way for a constant rule It is always well to pick enough this way for all ono may nctually need, and then ho is safe anyway. But tho objec tion to tli Im way is, that ono. cannot nl waj s select such cars as will Improvo his seed. Ho will not get thoroughbred seed. Our mlo has been to pick out our seed corn from tho earliest husked before any very heavy freezes when tho wagons como from tho field, it has been i mi- practico lo unload those wagons otirsolf, while tho men aro eat ing illtuur or supper, and then wo can select jiut such cars as wo please, if they aro iu tho load. Wo pick for lonir deep kernols, small cobs, ends well covered, and tho ear heavy and solid. Such corn, corded up in tho kitchen chamber, whero it is always dry, has never failod to grow. By this way wo can constantly improvo tho charactor of tho corn. This is our way. If any ono has a better way, wilt ho glvo it? Agricultural follies. Lincoln Jsurnal. Four or fivo times a year somo idiotic streak strike tho agricultural press of tho country, and tho fantastic tricks thoy then porform would mako angels weep. Tho latest idiocy is tho startling and long neglected vn'luo of sorghum seed. Wo aro gravely informed that it is equal to corn for feeding domestic animals, and that when ground witli oats it is oven hotter than corn. This is not quito so bad in pure absurdity as LoDuo'.s soliomo for making sugar out of corn-stalks, hut It is likely to do raoro harm. After establishing iho value of (Ids wonderful product, the following directlonsaro givon for secur ing it in u condition fit for uso. te In saving Iho seed groat caro should bo used to pruvont its heating. As soon as shelled it should ho spread on sheets or a clean floor, and allowed to lay un til thoroughly dried, when it can be put In barrels or bins until needed for uso. Tho usual way of allowing it to lio in a pllo on tho ground whero hogs can run to it is dangerous, for when thoroughly heated it is liable to causo hogs to bo como diseased. RlNow lot tho farmer bmy a hundred bolts of domestic to mako shoots, or ten thousand feet of lumber to mako the clean Moors necessary to dry out tho sorghum seed, and tho cost of tho seed will be niado about equal to that of dri ed pcaohtH, 01 at least four or live times as much as it costs to take caro of any of the ordinary grains. Let no farmer bother about saving any moro sorghum seed than ho wants for his noxt year's planting, Scatter tho rtflt around whoro tho pigH (inn get at it mid cat it. It is not hurtful to chickens in moderate quantity, hut its richness and heating qualities render it undesirable for gen eral uio as a food excopt when hung up and dried, like raisins, which is too ex pensive. Tho tnmblo with too many agricul tural journals is that thoy aro too much cngaod in looking for tho easy way in stead of tho best way. Thoy forget that hard, honest. Intelligent work is tho trim riic.iico (if agricultural success and wealth. Thoro Is no royal road to for tune 011 11 farm, aud thu man who finds a belter or chenpor feed than corn, or ncuor mm cnoapcr iireaiistull than Hour, is liithlu by a million cliuiiees to ono to (10 a deceiver. Apple OroliariU. Mirror 4 firmer. Thofiiirfaoo devoted U orchard should bo kept iimllow and free from grass, and tiftcratlulniiigtoi ai.lerahlusiono other crop nhonld be lake:-, from tho land; tiio wiioiii Minimi ii unvoted to tiio trees Hi wovi-i' ninth tliu advocates of leaving an orchard 111 permanent grass may claim as thu IijiicIIIh of Mich a course. it has nuvcr been a micc"s iu this part of thu State. Wo might a.s well exuect , a 111 a u to flourish with tho hangman's ropu about his neck as a trco with a etrong cordon of grass roots closoly urawn nnout ii, at mo sunaco 01 tun ground. Tho strong growth of tho blue grass on tho prairie is capablo of Killing 111a limner uy inns ciioioug. it is apparent that such a coumo must bo destructive to fruit trues, which aro of a much morodolloato organization. Too much ploughing is not good. When carolcwly dono u groat ileal id damago amy bo oausod. When onco well ploughed Iho surfaco may bo kept In good condition for a Jong time by tho use of thu harrow, going over It a num ber of times during tiio season. Tho wh"l harro'ws, whero tho surface Is not Im) hard, will do a good business, lis th") will not tlnimu e tho root?. In my experience they do not do all that is ' dined for Ilium inouttlng up tho grass mots. Soinu of our orehnrillstn havo adopted mulching the surface under the trees Willi old salt hay, or other hay too eoarso to bo fid profitably, and claim that Mich malt-rial Is worth moro than when tiod for anyoiher purpose. Sonic of tho benelits arc: That It keeps down tho grass; It retains tho moisture a long time, proving a great advantage in a oason of drought; It keeps tho surface mellow, inviting tho earth worms to loosen the soils about the roots; by its decay It enriches the soil; the fruit fall ing upon it isnot bruised. It has proved satisfactory iu every respect. Tho trees should' he properly pruned, all dead worn! removed and enough other to let tho sun have access lo tho fruit to ripen and glvo a good color. A little priming dono ovuy year is tho best; overprinting should be tivolded as Injurious Some object to tho scraping of tiio trunk and larger limbs as iujurl oil". In my experience it has proved a gic.it hetiellt; the loose bark nfl'ord.s a shelter for in-cels; the nio-s and other parasite growth removed is n great ben Hit, as thoy draw their sustenaiieo chiefly from tiio life 01 the tree; if al lowed to remain they will do a great deal of damage. Manure of some kind should bo applied every year. Bone, ashes and yard manure aro all good for tho purpose. A light application an nually Is much better than heavy ma nuring at long intervals. Old orchards and trees will often respond wondcrfullv to intelligent treatment. l'rcsrliiB Or.tpes for Winter. Am:r!ean Asrlculturlit for September. As autumn approaches, wo ruccivo a number of inquiries a.s to tho method of preserving grapes for winter uso. It is not generally understood that theru is as much dlll'creneo in grapes, with re spect to their keeping, as there is witli other fruits. No one would expect to keep early harvest apples or Bartlelt pears for tho holidays and It Is so with tho most irenerallv onllli-nt fill (Trillin I tut Concord; it cannot bu made to keep in good condition long after it is fairly ri0. itll Other varieties It w ilinnmnt Thcro aro sonin lmvilltlna ii.! grand old grape tho Catawba, can still bo cultivated with success, and, whero Ibis is tho case, ono need hardly to look for a better varlntv. Tim Tei,nii 1111 succeeds in somo places, and is a fair keeper. Better than either, if no tho ucst 01 all grapes, tho Iona gives goon crops In somo places, as does tho D'r.ua. Y hero either of these, tho Isabella, Ca tawba, Iona, or Diana, can bo grown, there is no illfllmiliv in t.-nn ,11,. ,lwi... until tho first of tho new year or later. Tho g.-apes aro allowed lo ripen fully; iiiuj mu jjiuKeu ami piaceii in shallow trays, in which they remain in an airy room to "euro." Tho operation of cur nig uuiisisiM merely in a sou of wiltitii', by which tho skin becomes toughened", and will not break when tho fruit is packed. Tho clusters, when properly "cured." arn infln.,1 in ilnv..i. ..11.. of three or livo iinmuls .if.i, ti, torn of tho box Is ooened. th clusters laid in carefully, and smaller bunches nacked In nwin ih manner that it will require a moderate iiiussuru 10 urmg 1110 cover or, properly, tho bottom, nf dm 1 wlirro it i nailed down.' Tho nressure used Is such that when tho top of tho box is opened, tho grapes noxt to it aro foiinu to bo somewhat flattened. Tho fruit 1111 st bo pressed In such a manner that it can not shako in travel, and this can only bo dono with grapes, tho skin of which has been toughed by bcin" properly cured, if clusters wore place!! in tho box as thoy como from tho vinos, and subjected to tho needed pros ure. tho skin would crack around tho storu, liberating tho jtilre, and tho whole would soon pass into decay. Towards Christmas and Now Year's ninny tons of tho varieties wo havo named como to tiio Now York market in excellent con dition. Now Valletta of grapes, of great excellence, havo recently been in troduccd, but wo havo yet to learn as to their keeping qualities. Witli tho Concord and related varieties, tho skin is too tender to allow of long keeping and it ttoos not seem to toughen in tffo curing process. Still, witli these, tho season for homo uso may bo considera bly prolonged. Tho lato Mr. Knok found that ho could keep tho Concord for somo tinio by placing tho thoroii"h. ly ripeued clusters In baskets or boxes, with tho leaves of the vino below and bitwcen them. Wo do not know how long this will keep theto grapes, but wo saw somo in excellent condition soeral weeks aftor tho harvest was over. Those who set grapo vluos should bo awaro that no ono variety will meet every requirement, and that tho earlier tho variety, tho loss likely it will bo to kocp. Htrfiir. From 'Varm Tslki," br lion. Perlcr Pnnr. TIlG 111)!' has 11 lilnrn tn l,l.-l.... 1 o w ... iiiiun, 11111 tho ancients sacrificed him to Ceres, tho h''3 i iififcuuurni auunilance, for having taught men how to plow tho earlh. In Egypt ho was sacriliced to Bacchus, as an intrepid beast, who in his fury ravaged vineyards, treading under foot tho juloy fruit liko a tompeit anco crusader. Tho death of tho wild boar of tho mountains of Erymantho was ono of tho twelve labors of Her cules, and the Inspired seer, who read tho oracles of destiny to Encas, fore told tin hero that his wandorlngs would not ceaso until ho should ospy a white sow recumbent with her litter of pio-s, emblem of a multiplying and civilized people. A hoar's heal is to this day sorved at tho Christmas dluuor of Enr and's foremost collcgo, and poets on both sides of thu Athmtio havo sun"' tho praises of tiio porclno race. Dr.' Holland, tho favorite "Timothy Tit comb" of Now England, says, in "his do scrlptlou of a cattle show: Tiio pigs aro hero that lUler-ary broo.1, Ss much contemned, to little umloreloort Tho pigs, that like our literary men, 8Uep lu tho straw, and live upon tho im, The plus, that throuch all tlmn That wondrous thing that purchased man his rumc, And pays us for tho nila wrought by Madam, With tho old unro-rib sacrificed hy Adam. When attempts wero first made to prohibit, by legislation, tho sale of ar dent spirits, tho law was ovadod at d mi itia muster at Ucdham hy tho exhi bition of a "Striped Pig," admittanco twenty-llvo cents. Those who paid that sum wero admitted into tho tent, whoro there was a crato containing a whlto p g striped with black paint, and a ta ble on which woro bottles of rum, gin. brondy and whisky, froo of cost to al who wauled a drink. It was a well patronlzod show Governing men and driving pigs re quires great caro, and tho accVnpll&h inent is not taui'ht. nltlmi. ,,t 11. ........ at the Agricultural College it can only be learned in tho university of naluro. Without fwlurr Intnthn lim,.. .,..ii. .. ,, . , P .. ui.i,., v (lui-aijuji, all must admit thatlo drlvo a 11!" pleas antly is an accomplishment us rare as It Is elegant. Much mischief and groat diversity of practice havo resulted from tho neglect of tho study of tho art. Sonu' have alleiiiiiled to"ctlco tho pig into the way In which ho should go by the moral .suasion of meal, whllo others havo besought him to lend his oar to an car of corn. In opposition to these per suasive methods attempts havo been niado to twist, tho prohibitory cord of compulsion around his iiiio, causing mu.'h hoggl-h evasion. Neither tlmo norppaco allows the discussion of tho comparative advantages of tho two modes, or Iho attempt to reconcile tho dlsconlanl views In regard lo swino be ing leg or driven. It Is, just now a question of local option. A good story Is told in Ese.v county about some fat hogs onco exhibited at a rattle show at Andover, by the Itcv. Mr. Loilng, tho parish clergyman, who was a successful cultivator' of his par foiiago fntm. Ills) two sons one of whom, George, Is now tho commission er of agriculture wero rcninrkablv gaunt and gawky boys, but very prouil of their father's hogs", and thoy lingered around the pun iu which tho bulky an luuls reposed, listening with delight to the llattering comments bostowodupon them. Finally two neighbors appeared, and halted before tho pen. "I viini," said 0110 of them, "them 'ore hogs aro fat and no mistake." "Yansl" was tho reply, "bill it kinder seems to.1 mo that Parson l-oriti" oughlcr give his hogs lcis to cat, and his bo;, s more." Tho young Lorlngs loft without hearing any moro of tho conversation. The Old Oily or Xcwpori. Cor. CIiIcsro Times. I havo written all this about the New port that you hear about from summer visitors thu Newport that strangers are most concerned about. But tho New port that interests mu most is nnother affair altogether. It is tho ancient eitv that flourished In beauty two hundred years ago; that was intact when Wash ington and ltochamhcau visited it in 1780 ami led tho ilivlmi MUj m and Miss Lawton out upon tho ball room floor at tho assembly room, in Church street, and that is intact to-tlav. I had never dreamed, before I came hero, that there was an old colonial lankco city in oxistenco whero the streets woro substantially tho sanio as pect that thoy woro before tho ltuvolu. fill, and whero whnln door pooped oit from under gamlfrel ii-'-fs exactly as tliey did a hundred yi us ago. The old city was a ruvcla- iu me, mm a most aciigiutul one. It was not until I had lived hero for a week at least that I could resign mysolf to abandon for oven an hour tho quaint old colonial nuartcr In wlit,.l, n,,. ,. lives ' live to look over tho newer nor- ft.,,1 ,t1irt.i. 4 I... . . .. . , , . " summer residents nave built Mieir villas. Tl. ,i!,t .i...,.,i 1...1.1 mo under a fascination. "There are places hero where tlto streets for manv rods havo been nuttn mil.,,,,.!..,.! .. .". possibly for alittlo widening of Iho pave moms, sinco tiio devolution. Houses more than onn lnimlriol tnui itrt,. ......... , , ...n, ,i. old aro numerous, and thoiv is one nero. still ocmiuied ns a resilience and and in a pood Ktntn 210 years old. It is. 1 believe, tho old. """u 111 inu umicu states. Tlie most frequent typo of architecture for tho part of the city which tho natives 11 V . , K""iurei-rooie(t stylo, which ohewhere, even in Now Eiio-hind. Is now a rarity. Tho mansion whoro Washington met Itoclmmbemi, htill stands, fresh nnd handsoino and invitin" as over, nnd though built of wooif! promises to stand another conturv at least, in tho samo excellent stato of re pair. Every moment you pass exquis to old fanlight doorways, and the houso you loiluo in. If vim ,ln,.'f i,.,... pou to possess a "cottage" out side fllO cliamilllfr m-nnlnnlc '.wu....o VI tho colonial imvn. m- ,...., ... pay 84 a day for your board, is altogeth er likely to bo sided with shingle" in stead of clapboards. Tho most beauti ful church spire iu tho city, which to da dominates tho town and thu bay, as it (lid when Bishop Berkeley preached un der it, was built, I bcliuvo, in 1725. I won't mako a guide-book kind of cata logue of these ancient objects of inter est of tiio "Islo nf Pi.ru.,." f,, I. is enough to say tint tho air of aiitlq- ,v ..,.11.11 mu jiHicu wears is to intense that I havo linitn iii,iainitl,.n.. n. 1 1. . , " v"M-"inj uu uiv lUUIv- out slnco I camo for somo continental inixiiiieii, witn "ino out tliree-cornercd lull, and tho bronnhna. nml nil 1,nf 11 ,.. pop out upon mo from somo ancient mm KuU m jny moiiem liabill ment with wonder. Tho surprlso nt the meeting, I fancy, would bo wholly on Be Patriotic and o (0 Yerklown. A correspondent of tho Buffalo Courier gives a very disenclmnting account of tho condition of things nt Yorktown. a., whero the centennial anniversary of the surrender of Cornwullis Is to bu celebralod next October. The local as sociation which has ciiargo of tho nflair has tent circulars broadcast through thu country, picturing in glowing colors the great preparations made for tho acco u nioilation of visitors, ond tho imposing ceremonies that will attend tho great event. What foundation -in fact those representations havo is shown by the correal ondent's statement. His first Impressions of tho plaeo aro thus do KTil.cd: "i hellovo tint 011 this broad earth thoro Is not nnother plaeo that cau so thoroughly excito a foolliif of contempt nnd utter disgust iu soshort a Unio ns this historically glonoiu and gloriously historic Yorktown." Tho population, "inohtdlng razor-back and ther species of hogs," uumbois about 200 persons, two-thirds of whom aro "low-down ' negroes. By actual count ho found !17 buildings, including 0ut houo , and a so tho Court Hoiimi and Custom Homo, all of ancient i.rchltec turo and in tho most dilapidated condi tion. Tho inhabitants are in keeping witliUionppoarancoof tho plaeo. As to tho great preparations for tho colo oration, thoy aro imply ludicrous. Tho O d MoOrU llOUSU. Whom thn lii.m. ,.f , ...v O III miiTender wero arra ged, has boon jmt in ouiiicuiiii uKo uecuni repair tor tho use of the President and chief foroh'ii vis tors, and a farm has been rai oil off for tho accommodation of tho military. Whatever of further "improviimcm." has been mado I. iho work of men who iutond t Bot up bars and booths for tho salo of refreshments, and other catch penny 1 flairs. A now hoto is being built, nnd this, with tho tvo now exist ing t.nd. tho private residences, will t.f ford sheltoi-1 r GOO persons. Tho only way of access to or dup rturo from tho plaeo is by steamboat or country road, 'iho nearest railroad etatlon is at West Point, forty miles away, to which n btoamboat runs. Tho nearest adjacent towns aro Norfolk, lUchmond, Wash ington and Baltimore, a d it takes from fivo to twolvo hours 10 re oli thorn. Tho Yorktown bote, keepers ovjdently Intend to m ko tho most of their opportunity, nml are alnady greedily calculating their gains. Thoy Intend to charge uuiu iyu 10 ijio pur uay y in snort," says tho correspondent, "tho natives propose fo tako advantage of people's neeesMtlos to tho fullest exto t. ' Mill tary men who hnvo been to the plaeo to locate camps for their commands havo come away intensely dlsgusled, and tho probability is that few of hem will dc cldo to participate In tho ceremonies. Tho correspo dent's description of the place coincides with tho recollection of ninny old soldi rs who took part it tho peninsular campaign and tho slego and capture of Yorktown by tho Union troops. H is recalled m n tumble-down, lllthy and forlorn llttlo town. Tho ab horrence It Inspired is Intensified in Iho mind of every man who submitted to the manipulations of local barbers, by tho painful oxperienco from barbers Itch sure to follow tho r nnriiHnn flrmi! ailvlco for all who aro Intending to visit lorutown ami seo the great celebration is. "won 1." Latest llmiie Thrusts, Dr. John Hall, in his recent nddrcss 10 1110 graduates of wells (l emnlo) Col lego at Aurora, Now York, said; "Ho would havo woman educated lo bo her self an educator. First, an educator at homo. In Illustration of this point ho Simla! ()f till, mitinrllllitllnu ivI.L.I. .. young lady gradu.ito has to direct her jwimuui uiinners mill sisicrs at 1101110, IIS Well as line Inflinninn ii i-no...,!,, .. .. . . ' " " ' " V ... I ,1 1 1 1 1,11 older brother who may bo prono to do ionics iiui, uuureiy approved uy ills par ents. Then when this joung lady, who inn, uu uuiiuii miss ,ioy, nas an ojipor tunlly to chango her name, she may be come, for instance, Mrs. Gladly. Her power to cdttcato will, later, bo rcnulrod among her own llttlo rlnglct-browed children, bend them to srhool? No Bllt when tlini nrn lmlti-nnn li,. n,..l four years ohf teaeh them submission lo constituted authority, punctuality, rog ulallon, leraelt, self control, usefulness and cnrefiilnoKs. nml ihm, tin,.. ...in 1... (y ...... ...v.. ...v, ,,,11 ,11 como men and women with those trails ingrained into their very characters. In tho second place, a woman should be fl 1lll1frm1.it Wlw... fl... f.. 1 V. 1 ri .. ""vii luifj iiui uei-uiiies iurs. (.itatiiy, sue will lind an nbitndnnco of opporlunlly to keep tho roval family of .Joys on pleasant ti rni, and sho will need to be a diplomat to get and secure perfect peace with tho imperial family of tho Glndlys. Iu tho third place, i woman should bo U allied In finance. It is said that marriage makes two into one, but It often requires somo year.s to lind out which Is the ono, and If per chance tho woman is to bear that title, she should understand llnanco well enough to mako her purchases. There might bo a now degree established with much propriety. It should bo called M. K. 1). l'. Affslr.tsa nf I.ln.,i:n IV..!.. niaey and tuiance. Tho reason should 00 exercised ns well ns tho memory cul tivated. Lasth , tho conscience must bo trained, anil tnmrlit 1l1.1i 1,..,. 11... chain that binds Creator and creature logetlier. ' Tho Doom of tho Bison. Turf, FIcldnntlFnrm. That tho American bison, or buffalo, as it is moro familiarly termed, is doomed lo extinction in time Is evident; but that this result will be a "necessary evil" is generally acknowledged nmo"g settlers in tho Far West. Tho vast herds of bison that only a fow years slnco roamed over the Western plains afforded wild sport and a largo ineomo to tho hide-huntera; but as as offset to this it should bo romenibcrcd that tho buffalo Is 0110 of tho chief sinowsof war with tho Indian tribes. Doprivo tho red man of buffalo, and ho cannot, during midwinter especially, carry on a suc cessful raid. From tho bison ho obtains his provision, robes nnd covering. Nothing so harassed and weakened Sitting Bull and his band, when driven over tho Canada border, as the absence of buffalo in that region. When tho last herds becomo finally annihilated, nothing remains for tho Indian but a semi-civilized and agricultural life. Holding this in viow, tho extinction of this lingo nomad of tho plains may bo looked forward to, if not with satisfac tion, at least with resignation by tho SlIorLsillon nf thn Intnl nml a,.,.n:..ll.. by tho frontiersmen who have suffered so much at the hands of tho Sioux and other wiirlihn frllinu At I. not t!.n ......... ........ . . v j -j . mu 1J13U11 as a gamo animal possesses merely tho .imiiiiiua ui tmuilI.IUOU, HIZU Illlll SlUU- bornness bearing no moro comparison to tho elk and mooso than doos tho mu 0 10 1110 inorougiibred, Tito Battlefield In the Wilderness. riilllutelphln Times. In tho Wilderness nro tho best pre served heolprints and clawmarks of tho war. Tho faco of tho oartli retains sears as well as tho faco of a man, aud nature when let alono will short scratches mado by those who long slnco havo been gathered bonoath her green. As soon ns a lino of breastworks woro thrown up in llieso untrodden forests thcro sprang from tku subsoil all sorts of shrubs and wood plants, which, with tho coating of shatters blown from tho pines around, resist tho wear and tear of time. Tho Wilderness is a wide stretch of timber on rocky, rolling land, covering tho northeastern corner of Spottsylvnnhv county. At tho southern edge, a fow miles from tills heart of It, Is the Chaiioollorsvillo bat le ground, llfteen miles bolow is tho sccuo of slaughter of Fredericksburg, and to tho south Is Spottsylvanla Court House, whoro occurred tho torrlblo twin battlo to thoonodcllvorodhoro. Every squaro nilhi of land in Spottsylvaum Is historic a place of battlo upon wnich to fight menus to slay. But, unliko tho other fields la tho country, this upland corner, hemmed in by tho Rapldan, is heavily timbered with scrub oak, pino, ohostnut ami hazel, with briars and chlncapln bushes springing at tho roofs of the trees. Thoro is an occasional oponlng, and at this point, on tho Wilderness run, a branch of tho Hanh'an. nro sev eral farms, bomo comfortablodwolllngs and a storo. Tho laud immediately bordering tho run is mora fertllo than that at tho distanco of a milo or so and a narrow strip of it Is now .in coin and grass. When tho battlo was lought a tavern stood near the Orango turnpike 011 a hillock at tho wilo of tho stream, but it was torn down by soldlors, und since thin thoro has been no attempt at restoration. Within sight of tho stoio, whither countrymen lor miles around came to trade, aro four farm buildings, whllo 6omowhat to tho north Is a initio from which gold has recently boon ta ken In paying quantities. Looked at while iu tho midst of its deepest shad ows tho Wildemoss is a howling 0110, Indeod, but, seen from tho storo, It Isn't half so bad a oaso of tho forost primeval as I expected to see. Hiding out tho plko with tho obliging young storukeeper wo oamo to tv point wheru at tho edgo of an oak bolt Is a now growth 01 pines which lift tholr smairgreen cones 20 or 00 feet above tho ground, At tho tlmo of tho battle ths pmu woods was an open field, aud through It ran n ditch. The dltuh re mains, but ItU bed is dry and overrun with weeds. Flliu buzzed around our heads and bit our hands as wo inndoour way along tiio ditch, for hero three thousand men foil, nml tvn wm- onn-,.1.. lug for evidences of tho struggle ho tuecn Wnncn and Ewcll. Of bones tnero wero none In sight, but rusty can teens Were us lilenllfiil mid I had tho good hick "o lind n slump! Hum mu in; 11 1, ui v men wo piCKCd a ....... I. ff!..ll " .... unmoor llljuilliu mils. i JIO SIOrCKCCp Cr tolls 1110 tll.ll. nflltr llm ilntnnmln ... . . . ....... .,u - 1 ... 1 1 . 1 vi tin. satilts this ditch was so filled with bodies mat 111 ono place n minor, shod witli bloiidy grime, walked for two hundred yards or moro with human heads for stepping sionca. Uul Wnrrcn nnd Scdg. wick, unucr urant's stem ovo, gave back in kind. So it comes tliat along tho clearly marked lino of rebel en irii"'i.,1i'f's on the oilier sldo nfthn tnicKot aro several mounds nnd Just as many trilling relics of the eatilecn kind ns aro to bo seen In the ditch. The can- teens mat 1 noticed among the weeds, whero thn limn f tin, mini. i.w..l ...... -- - ---- - .1. .'IVIU.I, illU inclined to tho oval in shape, but those iiioivou up ailing mo coiitoderato breast works wero round and Hat, liko a sllcu uiii crossways iroin n watermelon. Cam palgnors nnd those familiar with tho equipment of tho two armies will recall ll.nl .1... - nun. iiiu icoei uauiecii was as diucrcnt from thu canteen of Yankee mako as Is Kentucky corn julco from Conno-jtlout elder or .fersov lloliltilmr. I rodo along tho Brock road for about iiirconiiiestotliorulnsof tho Brock houso In a small, fallow. iiiif.Mwnil H..1.1 1. 1 r way to Todd's tavern. Tiio growth of uiiiucr on eiiner mho ot tiio road is un broken. Thcro is not a sign of human habitation. Thn wihiiIm fltn an ilnnua that at some points It is Imposslblo to sou LMOiuv vnrii.s wiiiun. nml ni t,n .......... ...... I. V ... OlaOJ is an oblent. n hnnilrnil vnnla nir iiom uio roan iiiscoverauie. irees and IllShos. bushes and Irees. I tti t nlnii one Milo of tho road from the Orango Plank south to tho Brook ruins Is iloihi. tlnuotis lino of well preset veil earth works. Held it Is nil In thn tim linllnn .r .1 . .'. ; . - , f : : 01 uio uoii: ii'niin it is Kiipn.miMi. mu oeeasionallv iilmnsr. Iih-,.1 ulili lln. ground, but it is always traepable. At nines it runs 011 into tno woods lor a few feet, but curves ami in nnd lies bv tho side of the road lltco an nmlless grave-mound. In most places it is brown, with a covering of dead leaves and pino shatters, while at others it is green, witli small shrubs and matted briars. Logs stick out at Intervals, and and their ends nro charred in tho place whero a ronriinr wnnilllin liolnml l.nmr. street to mnko 11 toinnnr.'iri- Imiitnli Tn tho lino. Three-quarters of a milo 11 tho woods to tho west, nnd parallel to Hancock's illtroiiehliiniits. nrn tho nnn. fednratn bri'iistirnrlra Tlintr ulrntnl. in tho right and left of tho plank road and run for a seemingly Interminable dis tance. Tho earthworks that I saw at Bull Bun, iu tho peninsula, at Freder icksburg aud nt (lliniiniilliiiwill slight compared with these, but when tho armies started on tho Bapldan canioaiirn thov knmv thn vnlnn nf tin. shield of sand. Tim lnlil llm.Ki-a 11 f (in, lV,it t'rnvlili'ncM Sumlay Slnr. SoillO of tho richest n-nlil rilnoora In the west havo been formed by extinct streams. In Now Mexico, a ar a"o. I saw irrnvul llPlls Illinlllllllnir fn tlm inl. low dust, covering thousands of acres, wuero no orooK nor river now runs. TI icy aro tho pulverized debris of pre hlstoiio mountains which rose to much higher altitudes than their now abraded remains. Down tho sides of tlieso an cient hills great torronts poured whoro now not even a nvtiiot can bo lottnd. Arr.qln rrront flnnlnrs nr nthnr Immnn. dous ngencies of naturo liavo sometimes doposlted great hl.is or mountains over old rivor beds so that, in nilnlmr. thn course of what annuars to havobcen subterranean sticanis may bo traced. Iu somo instances tho mater nlrif whtnh tlieso undenrround river beds nrn formed carries gold In considerable nnntltlns. nml. In flnllfnrnln ncnnnlnlli. tho suporlnciimbcnt mountains aro also frnniinnllv rlnli lilnonrm Tn tlin n.n1,t.i,i statu some of tlieso mountains havo been removed by hydraulic power, tho gold separated from tho sand and gravel, anil tlm ilnbrls. n.illml tnillmrj ilnnna. itcd in tho valloys.lilllng then i?p to great iiujuna. As placers aro generally discovered in a new mining district before quartz mines, so those placers that aro iu tho beds of prcsont streams aro moro easily found than thoso of ancient, extinct rivers or subterranean streams. The earliest mining is in tho gulches. That thoro is gold in a region whoro it was not ImFnrn known to nxlst. Is rrnnnrnlK. first discovered by accident. A freshet tears up tno looso sand and gravel on tho bod of tho roam and carries it awav. pxuoslnrr thn nnrtlnlns of milil which, are too heavy to bo removed by tho water. This was tho wav in widen tlin ftrut. rrnlil irna ilTannt'iinul tti (In, strnnni fit. Sutlnr'n Mill In Pn1tfm.,it,i Tm Now Mexico and Arizona, whoio there at 0 largo ancient placer uoposits with no wator now running through them. heavy rains somolimes mako giillios in tho mesas or tablo-lands, nnd aftor tho showers the Mexicans search along tho bottoms of them and pick up tho small nnrtlnlns nf frnld tlint. nrn nvnnurul nml savo them In llttlo vials mado of goose quins, in 1110 jiiaci; 11111s tno iniunns picked up tlieso grains of gold and somo largo nuggets, ami kudw wiicro thoy could bo found many year.s before wnito peopio went 10 mat country, a good French Cathollo missionary, 'Fath er do Smot, who laboiod among t'10 Indians for many years, advised thom as thoy prized their homes and hunting grounds novor to let tho white poopln Ron thn rrolilnn nuirimts wblnh fhev lin.il collootod, rightly believing that tho Sioux would bo immediately driven out, and tho white pooplo would tako pos session of tholr country, treaty or no treaty. But tho secret was too impor tant nn ono to uo Kept always, anil alter tho good priest's death a rumor got abroad of gold in tho Blaok Hills; tlion Custer was sent In thcro by tho govern ment to mako an exploration, which rosulted In tho verification of the vaguo reports, and after that tho Unitod States army was not largo onou0'h to koop tho people out "I wish I was a star," ho said, smil ing at I is own pootio fancy. I would rather you woro a comet," sho said, dreamily. His hoart beat multltudln ously. "And whyP" ho said tondcrly, at tho samo tlmo taking hor unresisting llttlo hand In his own. "And why?" ho ropoatcd, Imperiously, "Oil," sho. said, with a brooding canicstnoss, "bo causo thon you would como round only onco every fifteen hundred years. A, an ovonlng party a'lady was callod upon for a song and oegau: "I'll strlko again my tuneful lyro." Her husband was obseivod to dodgo suddenly and start hurriedly from tho room, remark ing! "Not If 1 know It, sho won't. Sho belts blue blazes out of mo at homo and I stand it liko man; but when sho threatened to hit mu lu a strango houo and calls mo1 a liar before a wliolo crowd, I'll run as loug us I have a spark of muuhood loit." SONNET. Shakfrrnrc. Full many a glorious morning have 1 seen Flatter tho mountain-tops with nowrclgn eye, Klaslng with golilca face tho meadows green, Gliding palo streams with heavenly alchemy ; Anon icnnlt tho bacU clouds to rldo With ugly nick on his ee!etl.il f.u-.-, And from the forlorn world h.s v .mo hide, Stealing umecn lo meet with thl lltgracc. Even o my eun ono early morn did thine With nil-triumphant (plctulor on my brow; Hut out, nlnck ho was but one hour mine;' Tho region cloud hath masked lilm from mo now, Yet him for this my love 110 whit ilisdalnclh; Sonsot the world may (tain, wtcn Heaven's tun rtnlnrlli. woitus oiNTJti:.rm There nro three lessons I would write, Tlireo words ns with a burning pen, In tracings of eternal light Upon the hearts of men. Z Have hope. Though clouds environ nor, And gladness hides otirfucc In scorn, l'itt thou tho shadow from thy brow No night but hath Its morn. Have faith. Where'er thy bark Is driven, Tho calm's disport, tho tempest's mirth Know thls-flo rates the host of heaveu, Tho Inhabitants of earth. Ilnvolorc. Not love nlono for one, Hut man ns man, thy brother enll, And scatter, like tho circling sun, Thy charities on nil. Thus grave theso lessons on thy soul, Hope, Faith ami Love, mid thou slinltflnd fttrcngui, wlicn lire's surges rudest roll Light, when thou else wort blind. a ukntlimanlFfoijatau. Thirteen Hull drown .Urn Oiilrtlf Itnl.lm.i by 11 Melliiw-Vulci'iKllrlcilnil. Denver ltepubllcan. II. M. Burton tho alleged siago rob- licr who was arrested In Pnnli 11 nml brought to Diuiviir .Citlf W l,n.l 1,1., preliminary examination beforo Judge m.i.eu yesieniay aucrnoon. liurton is eliar.'Cll Ui.ll rnlllllmrllin clMn-.i riiniitr between Del Nnrln nml Al " ' J (CI'Vlll midnight on the eight of the 20th. The rouuery was ono 01 1110 most ftuuacious n tho annals of hlcliwiiv mblmn.-. nml links tho nnmo of the rinrnntrntni- with that of Billy Lo Boy. Tho story of tho need is oest told in tho words of J. B. McMillan of Del Norte, ono of tho vic tims of thn rnhhnrr. nml u-lm iiui il.., first and principal witness for tho proso- vmimn in mu uxiiiumniHin 01 yosioruay. Ho said iu substanco; 'There worn olrrlit. mnn nml nnn wn- man insido tho coach, and four men be sides tho driver on top. I was among the latter, slttimr beside drlvnr. Ikwns about midnight, I should think, nnd about twenty miles from Del Nortn wneu wo woro halted. It was very ,..-1 ... .. . . . . inn.. 11 wi uriiri imtr. litrmnrr n mm ill tho road when the word camo to halt. iliero was only ono man visible, to tho left and about ten feet abend nf tlm 1.1'uuii. xmj iijuuor v;i3 Hiiiuiiiug oc- lilnd apiece of canvas btrotohed amiig- TI... -..1.1 ... n , siikj inu rnau. ai 1 nan a revolver im nt. en iiirecuv at mvso 1 aim 1110 or vnr. Ho told us calmlv tn deliver nmsnlvna and ho would not 'harm us, but that if wn mauo a oad break lio would shoot. I Was 011 tho sido next to thn rnhlinr. Illlll I illlllieilllLtelv irnt llnwn frnm mv scat, -followed by tho d'lv'cr. Aftor wo got down the robber camo from bohind tho canvas aud placed over our heads a cloth can. wlifnli nnnin ilmvn fn nut shoulders and completely blinded us. Ho then ordered us to stand still, and litusolf Wont to tho stnfO door nml nr. dered tho occupants to como out, ono at a time, and tako their positions in lino alongsldo tho driver nnd mv. self. "Ilo told tho passengers not to mako any unnecessary movements, as thoy woro all covered by tho guns of tho mon in coneoalmcnt, nnd their lives wero in jeopardy. After tho passengers woro.all iu lino, ho put caps similar to nilno over tholr faces, tied their hands behind their backs, and then nrneenilnil to rlllo their pockets. Ho took nothing hut money. Everything else ho would nnlnen lust wlinrn fin imt. It frnm T .in ot know just liow much monoy ho got. From mo ho got nbout $140, which ho 00k from my poekot-hook uttzv taking tho money out. Ho had a light burning in front of tho canvas, behind wliloh was a relleetor which shed tho rays di rectly in our faces. Ho occupied about fifteen minutes in the search. Ilo then nrilnrnil in In kmnl. ivlilnli vt .11,1 nil - -- - ..u vv ...... .. ...w.. (. u .... ill a row, and ho prooeodod to rillo tho II 1 mi t 1 , , , , 1, iiiiui-uiigs inu wuiuau, at 111s induing. held the light for him while ho did this. Fin mumml mil hvn unnlra T 1ti1lsim i Ho kept us kneeling about half an hour. 11.. i...l ...ii., 1,., ... , . no i.upt laiKiug an iiiuiimu, using good languago. Iu fact, during tho whole time of tho robbery ho was vurv rvnutln. 0 manly. "lio nan 11 soft, mellow voice. Ho was not nervous or muck, but ho did tho wnrlr In il Imaliinaa.llL'fi nmnnn. Ho was 11 man nearly six feet In height! minium nice, nan a neavy, ngnc lnus taohe, and would weigh porhnps ono hundred and slxtv.ll had on a dark hat aud coat, and was not dlsiruisrd in anv wav. Aftnr hn had robbod tho mall ho skipped oft' into thn (lnrkn'rH. Wlinn wn fnnnil Im linl ..... -. .. - - aawt II u IIV ' left wo roifoved out caps, untied each other's hands, picked up tho romnants of tho iHidbbags and tho ma'l. and nro ceeded on to Alamosa. It Is mv niiln. ion, now that ho did tho work a!ono, aud that his comrades being in tho bushes waf all a hoax." Glasgow. Giasgoft' is tiio town whioh in Europo lias hadJiho most rapid development. It oUlnfl, and not without reason, to bo tho scilind city of tho empire. Its population, Including tho neighboring burgs, hicli havo sprung up of lato for the, convenience of its peonlo, is calculat ed at 7o0,0QQ. Yet it Is an old town. which bad ti place in history beforo It took its' (sudden start, Tho Blvor Clydo lias boii tho greatest souroo of its pros Yet it Is not. R(i ninnvvimiM nirn nurltv. that tlJ Clydo could bo forded on foot a leiCbolow'tho city. Tho union KiiHlniul nml Kentlnml Inlil tlm dozen between solid foundation of tho prosperity of Olasgo. It placed every Scottish port oil an equal looimg witn tno Jingllsli ports, and throw open tho West Indian and Amprican tiado, Tho union was stoutly resisted .by tho Glasgow-pooplo, who wero flghtiug blindly but with hap py Ill-success, agalnsf tho sblondld ftituro of tho plaeo. Whom tho first soliomo of a dock at Dumbarton, was formed, tho Dumbarton folk, objootod, booatiso "tho great inllux of mariners and others would raise tho prloo of provisions o inhabitants." Seven millions of money havo been spout on tho River Clydo. It was not till 1807 that tho first dock was constructed in Glasgow itself. Thoro appears to bo uo n um 10 uio possible expansion ot tho town. As in Edinburgh, but to a still more remarkable extent, u now town has grown up and overshadowed tho old ono. Even fn tho old town Itself thoro havo been marvolous changes within our own observation of recent years. Nothing could oxcocd tho squalor, misery, dlseasoof the counts nnd yards. The salt Market and tho High strcot might havo been tho opprobrium of Christendom. Thoro havo been vory considerable of Improvomonts within rccont years, though much still remains to bo dono. Tho Salt Market has re turned to much of that old rospcolablllty which it luul In tho days of Bailie NIeol Jlirvlc. In Sentt'n Imtrmrtnl ilnn, on, I tho public health hn? Improved. Tho uoain ra-.o naj materially diminished. Tho sltoof tho old university has becomo n railway station, nnd tho now and magnificent collcgo has been erected upon tho Western Hlglits. Tho magnifi cent lathedrul remains tho stateliest landmark of thn nhl tmvn. w,i..i, Glnsgow, the now town, Is ono of tho most magnificent of modern cities, and 1 1 l-iu.l n,..l .. . . ..o ,1011 mm uw-iu3.l llirill lino OI UIO most striking chapters of modern dovol opment. In tho development of tho city wo ought to spoak of that far extended Inrrllnrif ...l.!t. r1.... I - ...... j ..uiim VJiiiMi.j;iiuii BlloaK OI as "Down tho River," which extends to no oroao estuary ot tho Chdo nnd tho lOChS and fiords wlllnli run 1111 nn.t.1 ll. lochs, and whioh tlm countless homes and resort of tho urban population. I'nliltn T.llitsx.f i ....!,. no;ionTreript. Thn triwti.ns nt llm Pxl.lln T ll.-... I- "- ...u . iiuiii. UlUliUI, 111 their nnntial report presented to tho OltV COIllinll rnnnntll- annum. ,1... tll - k. ... .....j, ,.,,7,,VL 1UU Ullll clsms mado on Hint portion of their ad ministration whlnli rnlnli.u lvll,,. .in.t shin of hooks to tholibriiiy with admlr ablo clearness and fcusc. It Is a solf oviilcnt proposition that 110 book of im moral tendency should bo allowed n plaeo In tho circulating departments of tho library. But it Is not equally clear what books aro Immoral. Thoro aro those who considor every l ook of fic tion as objectionable on moral grounds. 1 ho question is a serious nnd an intri cate ono. and no two mi nils can ngroo pn tho boundary lino. If somo oftho lessons of tho romancer be such as no moralist would nblnnt. not dlmo novels, with their inl nf . bravery nnd nrnwnna im cim...ii,i -V ------ Ol.if tf.lljll fcf yptuig readers? But this class of pop ular literattiro includes works with clan gorous tendencies of tho most pronoun- uiiuraciur, wtnio as specimons of Horary workmnnshlp thoy nro often boncath contnintil. At flu, un.nn it. - j... ... ..u oitiiiu II1UU it would bo unsafo to adopt a purolv iiiui.ii v ouuiiiiirii, as uooks 01 unques tlonably immoral purport havo boon writlon by nutliors of tho rrrnntpsr. mil. tltro. If tho lino bo brawn tnn nlnon tho works of fiction which would re- CC1VO a trenoral nnnrnvnl nn grounds would bo of tho mildly-man- nored sort.or such ns make up the cata logue of Sutiibiv.snh student of litenituro needs to bo told that there is hardly an author of fame, belonging to Pagan orChrlstian epochs, who has not written matter to which tho most liberal among us might objoct. Shakespeare cannot bo read in schools without expurgation. But though ho gives us eutiro scones of foul-mnntled discourse, shall his dramas bo sot asido forovor? Or beonuso Mooro's annoro ontic lays aro suffused with dangerous warmth, may wo not read tho adven tures of Lalla Rookh, and githor a moral from tho narration of tho ban ished Peri's attempt to regain her heav only abode? And, though Mmo. Dudo dant teaches dangerous doctrines In "Corinno," may wo not prollably road the lesson of solf-saerllico included in "Nanon?" Thoro aro oven scones in Dickens that ono would not wish to road aloud to a gathoring of young peopio. Tho Old Testament Is not fro from passages which without careful prepa ration of thn might work serious inUnhlnf. ' The Tcoplp who go to Theatres. more aro tho young collides who nOVC" fall tO mako tllO milmls. linnnmin it boros them so frlirlitriillir in ti.. -i ...........j .v. n.ujj iib- IlOIllO tOfel he". Tlinrn nrn 11... frlrls wlin nrn tnof lt.ilF.,...,.. Di...n ,P D .., oUlf(U'B, UK, or nctor-struek, and who can coax their papas, ormelr grandpas, ortholrutiolos, tO l.'O With lliost-. imfnlllmr .ln.,.lnrlln f ,. " ' ... ..j, iviiiitii.v, Ihoro aro tho nthnr vnumr rrlrla audlenci'-struck, and w7io only look obliquely nt tho stago with ono oyo. Thoro nro tho young men who don't visit, bcenusn thnvn.m'f nfl',.,.,1 in ...., and who drop into tho theatre just to pass tho ovonlng. Thoro aro tho old lollows about town, who havo mado it a life-long habit, who nover, under any circumstances, enjoy a play, but would bo hopolcssly misurablo unless thoy saw ono oyory night of tholr lives. Thoro aro tho unemployed actors, who go to nolo polnU and loam now buslnoss. Thoro aro tho nowspaper men, who go becauso they must. Thoro aro tho peo ple who load dull, gray lives of toil, and routine and coramon-placencss, nnd wit 1 strain a point just enough to glvo moro zest to tho pleasure of going, who onjoy the lights, and tho brightness, nnd tho music, tho dresses and tho mountings, who mako notes ntid com pare opinions, and arguo gravuly noxt day about what would havo happened if somo other stato of affairs had como about, and who weop nnd smllo with IK. .. . " Bl.lllW .Villi dolightful spoutanoity, just according to ..iiui. ia uajiuuiuu 01 mum. I 10 vo to sit near suoli pooplo, to watch tholr pleas ure; and what a luxury It must bo to play to thom I Then thoro are tho fow who look upon acting nnd play-writing as arts, and who onjoy thom more than all tho others, when thoy nro worth it. , Tho Folly of the Buy. Homo Journal. J Thoro is a droadful nmbltion abroad for bolng "gontool." wo koop up api pearanoos too often at tho cxpens'o of honesty; and though wo may not bo rich, yet wo must scum to bo "rcspoota blo,"though only.ln the meanest senso In moro vulgar show. Wo havo not hocourago logo patiently onward In tho condition of llfo In whioh It has pleased God to oall us; but must ncerfs llvo in somo fashionable stnto, to widen wo rcdlculously ploaso tq.call oursolvejV and till to gratify the varSv-4flhat ui substantial, gontccl Avorlilfoi ZrvoV form a part. Thoro is a coant strug gle and prossuro for front sl&ts In tUo ' social amphitheater; in tho midst of which all noblo, solf-donylng rosolvo Is troddou down, and ranny lino mituros nro Invariably crushed to doath. What wastowhat misery, what bankruptcy, como m all this ambition todazzlo otliora wh th9 glare of apparent worldly success, wo need not desorlbo. Iho misohlovous results show thom solves in a thousand ways In (ho rank frauds committed by mon who daro to bo dlshonost, but do not daro to soom poor; and iu tho dosporato dashos at fortune, in whioh tho pity is not so much for thoso who fall, ns for tho hundreds of Innooont families who nro so ofton involvod In tholr ruin. ur..t.. t ... . my laior, out pertater?"