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THE COUNTY PAPEH.
Ily UilllVNH WAI.I.Klt. OREGON', MO. HCLWKIl'S LAST 1'OKM. Then ( no death I Tho stars go down To rise upoti some fairer shore, And bright In heaven's Jeweled crown They shine forevermore. There lino death! Tho dust we tread Shall changa heneath the summer shower, To poldon grain, or mellow fruit, Or ralnbow-ttntcd flower. The granite rocks disorganize To feed the hanging moss they bear; The forest tree drink dally life From out the viewless air. There is no death I Tho leaves may fall, The flowers may fade and pass away They only wait through wintry hours For coming of the May. There Is no deaBi I An angel form Walks o'er the earth with silent trend ; He bears our best loved fitngs away, An then we call them dead. He lsavo our hearts all desolate ; He plucks our f drest, sweetest flowers: Transplanted Into bliss they now Adorn Immortal Imwcrs. The blrd-llko voice, whose Joyous notes Made glad these scenes of sin and strife, Sings now an everlasting song Amidst the trees of life. And when ho finds a smile too bright, Or heart too pure for taint or vice, He bears it to that world of light To dwell In paradise. Born Into that undying life, They leave us but to coma again; ith Joy wo welcome them the same, F.iccpt in sin and pain. Aud ever near us, though unseen, Tie dear Immortal spirits tread, For all tho boundless universe Is life there arc no dead. FARM, GARDEN AND HOUSE HOLD. Adulterated Hoap. Chicago Herald. Mothers and nurses cannot bo too careful about tho soap thoy uso on ltttlo one?. Fow but physicians know how many ot tho so-called skin dlscasos among children aro caused by tho uso of adulterated, poisonous soap. An analysis of several cakes of tho protty and perfumed toilot soaps that aro sold on tho streets showed tho presenco of ground glass, solublo glass, silox, pipo clay, rotten etono, borax, plaster of parte, tin crystal, magnesia, pumico stone, oat moal, and other substances, which aro added to giro tho soap weight, hardness, toughnoss, or clear ness. i.uo common colorings are Ver million. Vonotian rod and and car mine, ultromarinu green, pot pigmont green, copperas, Spanish brown, 1 tramarino blues, yellow and Bcarlct anilines, and burnt umber. Many of the perfuming ingredients, though harmless in thomsolres, becomo ehoru ically poisonous by admixture. Adding tho dangers from nil theso to tho rancid, diseased, putrid qualities of grcaso used, and mothers may well bo appalled at tho permanent ovils theso neat-looking, delicately-scented blocks of toilot soap contain, ready to bo released whenever moistened and appliod to tho babe's body. How to Trll flood liutter. iilitrtlUll, Ohio nutter Injector. When butter is proporly churned, both as to tho timo and tomperaturo, it becomes firm with vory llttlo working, and it is tenacious; but its mo?t desira ble stato 13 waxy, when it is oasily moulded into any shape, and may be drawn out a considorablo length witl - out breaking. It is tlion styled gilt edged. It is only in this stato that but tcr posse.sos that rich nutty flavor and smell, and shows up a rich golden yel low color, which imparts so high a do rreo nf ploasuru in eating it, and which increases its valuo manifold. It is not always nooossary, whon it smells sweet, to taste butter in Judging it. Tho smooth unctuous fooling in rubbing a littlo botwecn tho finger and thumb ex presses at once its rich quality; the nut ty smoll and rich aroma indicate a similar tasto; and tho bright golden, glistening, cream-colored surface shows its height of cleanliness. It may bo necessary at times to uso tho trior, or oven uso it until you becomo an expert in testing by tasto, smoll and rub blng. Effect of Oat-Door Life. A foreign sciontific journal remarks, as a curious physlo.ogical fact, that al though open-air lifo is so favorabl to health, yet it has tho apparont effect of stunting tho growVu in oarly youth, Thus, whllo tho children of woll-to-do parents, housed and tondod, aro found to bo taller ot thoir ago than tho chil dren of tho poor, thoy aro not so strong In after yoars; tho laborers chlldron, for instanco, who play in tho lonoly country roads and Holds all day, whoso parents lock their humblo doors when leaving for work in tho morning, so that their offspring shall not pain entrance and do mischief, aro a roost invariably short of thoir ago; tho children of work ing farmorsoxhlbitthosamn peculiarity, Alter sixteen or omntcen niter yoars of hesitation, as it wore tho lads shoot up, and become great, hulking, broad follows. noKsossod of Immonse strength According to those statements, It would seem that indoor lifo forces tbo growth at the wrong poriod, and thus Injures, Isltsof The DrMua that Vrifhtened Woman, A lady in Bath was recently much alarmed by droaming that some ono waa holding1 hoc wrist. Vainly endeavoring to scrosui for assistance, 'sho suoceodod at length (a whispering Just loud enough to awakocshorself.. After a few minutes' relief alboiiig no longer under the ln fluweo Jtj ll.jo, dream, .shp bcoamo coni scioua tliatiowo one was really holding lier'folt V'i'Ist, ai'.d all her strt)ngthwafl inadequato to release it. Whether to : call her hostess or not was quickly do- elded, for hor torror rondorud hor as Bpoechloss as 'sho had been before awakoning . It could not bo that any of her frionds had solzod hor wrist in sport; It was too rigid a clasp, and bad boon continues somo timo, for her loft hand was cold and numb. But Just as sho should bo able tospcaklnamtraont sho found tho relentless grasp was that of hor own right hand, and not easy to withdraw from its twin companion, so desperato had becomo its hold. How to Detect Adnlteratlon In Ground Coffee. Foodsnd tteslth. Tako a littlo of tho codec and press it botwion tlit fingers, or giro it a squeeze In tho paper in which it is bought; if jronulno, it will not form a coherent mass, as coffco grains aro hard and do not readily ndhcro, to each other, but if the grains stick to each other and form a sort of "cako," wo may bo pretty suro of adtiltor ntloii in thoshapo of chicory, for tho grains of chicory nro softer and morn open, and ndhoro without difficulty when squeezed. Again, if wo placo n fow grains in n saucer and moisten them with a littlo cold water, chicory will vory quickly becomo soft llko bro;d crumbs, whilo cofleo will tako n long timo to soften. A third test: Tako a wino glass or tumblorfull of water, and gently drop n pinch of tho ground cof fco on the surface of tho water without stirring or agitation; genuine ocffco will float for somo time, whilo chicory or any other soft root will soon sink; and chicory or caramel will causo a yellow ish or browning color to iliffuso rapidly through tho water, whilo puro coffco will give no scnsiblo tint under such cir cumstances for a considerable length of time. Fall Fastnrlng. National Lire Stock Journal. Tho dairyman who pastures ordinary moadows in tho fall, robs his noxt crup to an extent that ho docs not realize Tho writer was conversant with a caso whero soventy. fivo acres averagod reg ularly about ono hundred and thirty tons of excolont hoy, whon no pasturing was allowed; and tho owner, having a tenant who had boon rathor unfortun ate, allowed him to pasture somo twonty-fivo cows upon tho aftermath of theso meadows for a slnglo fall, and tho consoquenco was a reduction of tho yield from 130 tons down to sixty tons tho next season, andthoyiold wasnov. r recovorod until resecding. It was es timated that tho wholo valuo of tho twonty-fivo cows in tho fall was not equal to tho injury of tho noxt crop on tho seventy. livo acres ot meadow. This practico of pasturing meadows is ono of tho most ruinous of tho mistakes among dairymen and causes them ofton to bo so short of hay a3 to injuro tho yield of their herds in tho spring. Good feeding through tho winter lays tho foundation for a good yield of milk tho following soason with wood cows. Good moadows nro vory ossontial to succoss in dairying, and thoreforo this question should bo most carefully considered. Charcoiil for Hoes. Western Uural. Whatever hog modicino contains a good proportion of charcoal 5s pre emptively a good medicine It may bo possible for quaokory to so combino charcoal with othor ingredients that tho efficacf of this remedial agent will bo destroyed, butit would, wo bullovo, tako a regular doublo-barrelled quackery to destroy it under any circumstances. It is a most useful mtdicino by itself, and worth moro than any ono ingredient that wo over put into a medicine It benolits tho hog system by absorbing tbo injurious gases within it, and its ab sorptive powors aro so great that it will aosoro uoouo ciguiy limes moro gas than its own moasuromont. It is to this quality that it owes its olllcaoy whon . i i . . . i , . . given to bloated animals, and no'hlng equal to It was over givon or has ovor boon discovered in such cases. Few of our rcadors but aro doubtloss aw aro how magnillo-.ntly it acts in human complaints, : nd to such it is rccom mondod in diseases of domostio nnl nials, and especially of a wino, with just as much conndonco of its boing a suc cess as when given to human beings, Ono boauty about it, too, is that it can do no harm, something that cannot bo said of many of tho nostrums which aro rocommondoa by avaricious compound' ors of mudicino for nnimals. It givon In too largo doses it simply acts as a ca thartio, and that is tho end of it. A Chrnp Horse-Power fur the Farm. From the Clarksvtlle Btar. As almost ovory farmor has frequent occasion for tho uso of a horso power to do light work such as sholllng corn churning, sawing wood, or of a wind mill, should it got out of rig, or thoro not being suflloiont wind for several days at a time, a light horso powor comes in very bandy. fho simplest, oaslost running and choapost power is in uso on tho fara of It. R. Cook, in Dayton township, who improvised probably the loast oxpensivo powor out oi an old uuokoyo mower that had boon thrown away as worn out and worthless, and this is how ho did it: He unboltod tho tonguo, turnod the mowor ovor on ono of tho wheels, un keyed and took off the logged drive wheel from tho center shaft, and cot a blacksmith to squaro tho end of it for the reception of a knuoklo, put on two joints of a tumbling rod with thoir ac companying Jack-blocks, put a piece of tumbling rod, tor tho reception of bolt, to eonneot with the shollor, tiod the sweep with lenco wiro across tho centre of tho upper wheel, and thoro stood the neatest little horse power that man could wish for, and It did not cost him any fifty dollars either. 'Mr, Cook can now shell his corn with his kev-stono "tony Shellor" tu m rato of twonty-fivo bushels per hour, and has such unbounded faith in his Llttlo Giant" that ho Inlonds to rig it up to saw his noxt winter's wood. Dut should ho bo tho favored candidato for shoriff at tho next county convention', ho will sell out his right in thoinvontlon to tho worst boaton man in tho crowd of aspirants. What Makes a Itonse Beautiful, It Is an excellent thing tohavo a woll-kopt houso and a beautifully ap pointed table, but, aftor all, tho boat choor of ovory homo must como from tho heart and mnnnor of tho homo mother. If that is cold, and this un gracious, all tho wealth of India cannot mako tho homo pleasant or inviting. Intelligence, too, must lend its charm, if wc would havo homo nn Eden. Tho sovcro stylo of houso, order, noatnoss, seldom lonvo much margin for1 intel lectual culture. Even general reading is considered out of tho question for a woman so hurried and worried with her scrubbing and polishing, and making up gannonts. A simplo stylo of living and houso-furnlshing would sot ninny a bonded slavo at liberty and mid vastly to tho comfort of all houses. Hospital ity rarely provails in theso spotless lino and letter houses. Company disar ranges tho books and disordois tho houso, which had work enough in it bo foro. Tho mother cannot throw off hor carklng caros and sit down for a real heart to heart convorso with tho old friend of hor childhood. Still less cm sho enter into tho Joys and pleasures, right and delightful to hor own chll. drcn, becauso of tho oxtra work of clearing away it will bo likely to mako. With all your toll to mako a houso beautiful do not aoglect tho first clo mont of all to boautify yourself, body and soul. A sweet loving word, and a warm clasp of tho hand, aro far moro to a guest than tho most olnborately ombroidorcd lambrequins at your win dow, or tho most oxquisito damask on your table Thero aro baro cabin homos that havo been romomberod over with plcasuro, becauso of tho beautiful, loving presenco thoro; and stately palaces, which lcavo tho impres sion of nn icobcrg on tho mind. Cleanliness of the Skin. Tho uso of soap Is tho most suro way of purifying tho surfaco of tho body. soap contains wunt cnemists call an alkali a chemical substanco (potash or soda) which, brought in contact with animal membranes or substances softens them. Moreover, it emulsifies fat. Tho effect of soap on tho skin Is thoreforo clear; it softens up the cuticlo, and it enters into combination with tho fatty layer, so enables tho water to gain frco access to tho skin, and by friotion to ro movo tho looso particles of cuticlo and dirt. But thoro aro good and bad soaps. Somo havo too much alkali in thorn, and then thoy dissolvo or softon up tho cuticlo too much, and so oxposo or irri tato tho tho delicate dooper layers of tho skin. Wo should uso a soap that has a small amount nf alkali in it. Somo of tho best of all soaps mado, cousldo:cd from a medical point of vtew, nro, in tho wrltor's opinion, tho transparent soaps, the well-known old brown Windsor, nnd tho glycorino soaps. Somo of tho nicest aro however, somowhat' oxpensivo. Those, montionod aro among tho best for babies, and may bo used freoly with thorn. Having obtained anlcomild soap, it should bo used to tho faco onco a day, tho hoads of children twico week, and tho wholo body onco a week at least. This is in addition to taking tho daily cold water bath to bo by and by noticed. If porsons can afford tho timo and havo inclination, thoro can bo no question that the best results follow tho uso of soap to tho arm-pits, tho groin and tho parts about, and tho foot, each day, and to thoso who luxuriate, in tho thing it cannot hurt to omploy good soap to tho body gcnornlly each day, Wo havo, howovor, stated that at loast onco a week tho wholo body should bo soaped. Ordinary yollow soap does not meet with any favor at our hands, nnd wo conuomn it m mo caso of young children. Thoro is ono moro point on this hoad: Tho faco when vory hot or dirty, or after a walk, should not bo washed in soap. It is better to bathe, not rub, in a littlo warm water, and then powder It with ordinary baby powdor and lot it dry. Nelson. It was at Yarmouth that Nelson land od on his return from tho Modltorran can, and from Yarmouth that ho em barked In 1801 for tho Baltic Tho bat- tlo ot Coponhagon was ono of tho most arduous of thoso won by Nelson, from tho difficulties of tho ground a largo shoal lying eloso to tho ships and from tho courago and enduranco ot tho Danes, who woro subdued with less rolish and moro troublo than tho Fronch No timoly negotiation averted tho lav ish bloodshed of that Good Friday ovo It was left to Nelson to crush tho united schema of Russia, Sweden and Denmark against tho naval rights of England Ho won tho victory in disobedience to orders. Whon Sir Hydo Farkor, who commanded tho floet, signaled to him to stop tho action (to savo Nelson, as ho thought, tho disgraco of inovltablo doteat,) Nelson's remark was: "I have onlv ono ove, bo I bavo a right to bo blind sometimes. I can't boo tho signal the signal. Keop mine flying for oloser battlo." Four years elapsed, and thore follows thesoeno in tho cock nit of thoTlctory, on, tho afternoon of Oct. 21, iloUO a Boune wuiuu (a eu irravon on tho heart of ovory English n nnonualed as It Is for pathos and dramatlo power. Tho central, figure. the moving causo, of iho enormous out- hnrst of human energy going on arouno had giyon tho Impulso for the last timo tho brilliant rapidity of mental action nnd outward movomont whioh had dono so much for England was about to bo arrested. Midday was scarcoly ovor tho bluo sky shono abovo, tho din of battlo roared for miles, tho French ships one aftor another struck thoir flags, tho English yells of victory piorcod tho thunder of tho guns, when Nolson was laid down to die. Tho va1 iant faco klndlod still at tho sounds from without, as ho lay on a Midship man's mattress with his back shot through, and tho ominous Internal gushes of blood draining away his lifo. Tho dospair of tho: o grouped near him, tho awful excitement on tho surround ing soa, added peaco and solemnity to tho calm grand words in whioh ho summed up tho religion, tho uses and tho successes of his lifo "Thank God, I havo dono my duty." At 4:30, three hours after tho ball of tho Fronch riilo man In tho rigging of tho Hodoubtnblo had knocked him over, tho soul depart ed of him whom his countrymen ro garded with fond projutlico ns a bolovod friend, with Implicit faith as nn invln clblo chnmplon, and with rovorenco as ono in whom lay stored tho priceless re sources of genius. e- -a -Inheritance. A gontloman, when a boy, had tho skin of both thumbs badly cracked from oxposuto to cold, comblnod with somo skin disease His thumbs swollcd gront ly, and romalnod In this stato for a long time Whon thoy healed thoy wcro misshapprn, and tho nails ovor after ward woro singularly narrow, short nnd thick. This gontloman had four chil dren, of whom tho cldost, Sarah, had both hor thumbs and nails llko hor fathor's; tho third child, also a daugh ter, had ono thumb similarly deformed. Tho two othor children, a boy nnd a girl wcro normal. Tho daughter Sarah, had four chlldron, of whom tho cldost nnd tho third, both daughters, had their two thumbs dorormed; tho othor two ehlldron, a boy and a girl woro normal. Tho groat-grandchlldron of this gentle- mnn wero nil normal. Mr. Bishop bo llovcs that tho old gcntlomnn was cor rect In attributing tho state of his thumbs to tho cold, aided by skin dls ooso, as ho positively assorted that his thumbs woro not originally misshapon, and thoro was no record of any previous inherited tendency of tho kind in his family. Ho had six brothers and sisters who lived to havo families, somo of them very largo families, and in nono was thoro any trnco of deformity in their thumbs. Sovoral moro or loss closoly analogous cases havo boon recorded; but until within a recent period ovory ono naturally folt much doubt whothor tho effects of a mutilation or injury woro ovor really inherited,' as acciden tal coincidences would almost cortaluly occasionally occur. Tho subject how ever, now wears .totally different as pect, sinco Dr. TJrown-Ssqunrd's fa mous experiments, provinp thut guinea- pigs of tho noxt generation woro affect ed by oporatlons on certain nerves. Eugono Dupuy, of San Francisco, Cal., has likowiso found, as ho Informs mo, that with theso animals "lesions of norvo-trunks nro almost invariably transmitted." lor instanco. "tho ef fects of sections of tho corvical sympa. thotio on tho oyos aro reproduced in tho young, also cpllopsy (as described by my eminent frlond nnd master, Dr. Brown-Sequard) when Inducted by lo- slons of tho sciatlo nervo." Dr. Dupuy has communicated to mo a still moro romarkablo case of tho transmlttod of- iects on uio Drain irom an injury to a norve; but I do not foel at liberty to glvo this cao, as Mr. Dupuy intonds to pursue hisrosoarchojf, and will as I hopo, publish tho rosults. Bret Ilarto. Bret Ilarto retains a good deal of his Americanism, nftor all, according to this story whioh "Walsingham" writes to tho Philadelphia Press from London Bret Harto's hair Is turning white, but ho is as mercurial as ever in con versation Ho donics the soft impeach ment that he is turning into an English man and patronizing tao Prince of Wales. Ho don't think o'errauoh of tho Guolphs any way, with tho oxcop tlnn of tho Princess Beatrlco, whom bo admires. She looks, ho thinks, llko a ploasant, comfortable, corn-fed Ken tucky girl. Bret Harto still plays po ker, and, apropos, ho tells a littlo story. Last winter ho wont in compa ny with William Black and Norman Lockyer, of solentlfio famo, to Oban (Black's happy hunting ground), nnd put up at a summer botol, of which thoy wcro tho three solitary distinguish ed occupants, tho landlord preceding thorn from Glasgow in ordor to warm tho caravansary for his trio of guests. On tho first evening Black remarkod, ingeniously: 'You havo a gamo in America callod pokor, I boliovoP Let's try it. Will you teaoh us, HarteP' Accordingly our(Amorioan writer and Consul proooodod to show them how to play, Black and Lockyer proceeding cautiously as ho directed thorn. Tho noxt night thoy wero at Oban thoy pro posed anothor gamo, but this timo for money, Just lo make it interesting, Tbo limit was placod at four shillings, and off thoy went; but Ilarto bogan to 'smoll a mouse' It gradually dawned upon him that theso British ingenues wero experts in tho noble game of po ker, and ho 'wont lor' thoso hoathen Obinoel In meroy, however, ho loft tho novelist and tho astronomer enough to tip the waiter." a-ami . How men's tastes differ) Ono dropped into his seat at a restaurant and mur mured "Hot wether," and his nolghb" said, "Cold mutton." Indians never drnk to drown sorrow, When thoy got anything to drink, thoy havo no sorrow to drown. num. Thomas Hood. Bho stood breast-high amid tho com, Clasped by the golden light of morn, Llko the sweetheart of tbo aun, Tio many a glowing kiss had won. On her cheek an autumn flush, Deeply ripened; such ablush In tho mldstof brown was born, Like red popples grown With corn. Kound her eyes her tresses fell Which wero blackest nona could tell ; Bat long lubes veiled a light That had elso been all too bright. And her hat, with shady brim, Made her trcssy forehead dim ; Thus she stood amid the stooks, Trnlslns flod with swectctt looks. "Sure," I said, "Heaven did not mean Whero 1 reap thou should st but glean; Lay thy sheaf ndown nnd como Bharo u.j harvest and my home." PRACTICAL SCIENCE. Alentiil Characteristics. Dr. Foolc's Ilf alth Mnnthly. A distinguished Austrian physlolan lias recently publlshod n book In which ho attempts to provo that habitual criminals aro such becauso thoy cannot holp it. Ho has examined tho brains of a number of porslstent scoundrols aud has invnrinbly found that tho su perior frontal convolution is not contin uous but is divided Into four sub-convolutions analogous to tho parts found in predatory carnivorous animnls, and ho thinks thnt tho montal characteristics of criminals aro duo to this peculiar formation of tho brain. Tho Chroniometor. By means of tho nowly-invottod in strument called tho chromomotor, or color measurer, tho most exquisitely dolicito dotorminations can bo mado, it appears, of tbo prcsonco of cortaln metals in oars. It is based on tho opti cal fact that complementary colors will extinguish each othor, it mixed in cor taln proportions, ns, for oxamDlo, if to a groon solution a red solution bo addod in sultablo proportions, tho liquid will bcoomo colorless. This principle by moans of tho chromomotor, is appliod to tho colors which somo molals such as Iron, manganese, copper, &o. pro duco when fused with borax, tho only chomical used in this method of analy sis. By tho method adopted in this caso, a correct determination of man gnncso in iron can bo mado In fifteen minutes a fact of groat importanco in metallurgical oporatlons, whon it is considered that threo times tills length of timo Is required by tho ordinary pro cess. Vegetation in Oil. Somo timo ago Horr Von Tlcghom ,noticod In a bottlo of ollvo oil that was often uncorked in a room in which var ious kinds of mould wero boing culti vated sovoral flocks of mycolla, or spawn of fungi, partly attached partly not. Ho found thoro woro two kinds, ono of which could bo grown on slices of potato in moist air. Roturnlng to tho subject lately, ho put Into ollvo oil fragment'! of stems, roots, or loaves, or wholo plants, or seods saturated with water, nnd submittod them to a tom peraturo of about 25 dcg. C. in nnoven. In a fow days tho pieces woro covered abundnntly with mycelium vegetation, forming a continuous layer of consider able thickness. Tho spores which had becomo attachod in air wcro thus vig orously dovelopod in tho oil. For this vegotation oil is necessary. Tho samo species of plants Inserted in water did not becomo covered with mycollum. In a vossol half filled with water and half with oil, and con talcing a picco of stem or root in both liquds, tho portion in water remained storilo, whilo that in water was covered largely with mycollum. On inverting tho pioco so that tho part formorly In water was in oil, and conversely, tho mycollum already dovelopod dlod, and tho previously sterilo part grow myco llum. Mycollum flocks detachod from tho plants nnd sown in oil developed vory slowly, probably bocauso thoy had too littlo water at their disposal. No fructlUcatiou was observed, and tho naturo of tho mycollum could not bo doiermlnod. These mycolla do not do- volop in llnticod orraposoed oil. Whon grown in ollvo oil and put in elthor of tho others thoy soon die and disappear, Kueplng Ice Without Ice-llousea. Ico has passed from tho list of luxu ries to that of tho necesaitics of farm life Whoover lives whore ico is f ormod, and so noar to a body of water ihat tho hauling will not bo too costly, should havo an ice-houso. Ico keops best in largo masses, and in building it will bo found that u houso to hold enough for two yoars will cost but littlo moro than ono for a single year's stook. Occa sionally as last winter, tho Ico crop falls ovor tho creator part of tho country. A mild winter will causo no anxiety to one who has a supply of ico loft ovor. If one has straw in plenty, it may bo worth wnuo to staoK up a lot, tnougn it can hardly bo expooted to last all summon Tho lco-stouk is especially useful when tho, ico-houso is not large enough to hold a full supply if tho ico is freoly used An ico-stook is to bo drawn upon during tho early part of summer, and will allow tho storo In the houso to bo a long timo undisturbed. If tho stack can bo mado in a shady place, all the hotter; soleot Bpot whero tho water wilt drain oft, lay down a tlor of rails a foot or so apart on theso put a layer of brr.sh, and upon tho brush, straw to tho thiokness of foot. If possible pot a strong polo in tho center. Now stack up tho Ico as in an loo-houso, taking care that tho mass does not 'nolino to tho sldo. Tho cov ering for tho sldos may bo straw, salt hay, Bwalo hay, or even leaves, but the latter will neod to bo held in placo by boards. A foot 111 '.hlokuoss ot prbteot In materials will do, but thicker will bo better; old boards, with braces to press them against straw, etc., may bo used If needed; tho stack is toffee finished by a roof of straw, put oa'wlth pins and r."pos, as if finished lettalj hay stack. On grain farms, whcrtBtraw is abund ant, tho mass of icenr.ay bo covered with a 'great thlcknei''of etraw, fejr bulling a stack of It ovor tho,k)9. In using from such a stack tho Ice should bs taken oft on all sldos regularly, and caro taken to proporly replaco tho cov ering. Tho larger such a stack the hot ter a cubo of loo 12 feet on each side, SUNKEN TREASURE. Slops Taken to Recover $50,000,000 From the Ocean's Dopthi. A special dispatch to tho Boston Her ahl from Wilmington, Del., dated Oct. 23, says that nows was rccclvod from Lowes on Saturday that tho Interna tional Submarlno Diving Company, or ganized two years ago by capitalists in Philadelphia to search for tho DoBraak, an English sloop-of-war which founder ed In a storm off Lowos, Dol., Juno 10, 1798, has discovered ovldonces of tho missing vessel. According to papers in possession of Samuol S. McCraokcn, a pilot whoso grandfather was tho only survivor, and who was engaged in pilot ing tho vessel into tho harbor, about 852,000,000 'of specio and jowols went down with hor. Thojmonoy was takon by tho DoBraak from nn lntorcoptod Spanish fleet whllo on hor way to Hall fax, England, from n succossful crulso on tho Spanish main. With tho spoclo woro taken 200 prisonors. Whon tho vossol foundered tho prisonors woro In Irons on tho lowor dock, and woro all lost. Captain Jamos Drow, who com manded tho vossol, and whoso body was recovorod two days following, lies buried in St. Poter's ohurohynrd at Lowos. Two years aftor tho wrock tho British govornmont sont two frigates to ralso tho DoBraak, but without succoss. Forty years ago, whilo McCtackon was on a cruiso, circulars woro postod around Sussex County offorlng 660,000 for information thnt would lead to tho discovery of tho sunken vossol. It had boon supposod, up to tho present, that tho hulk had been swopt away by tho action of tho tides. Tho International Company, to keop its real object from viow, had boon sinco Soptombor work ing nt another sunkon vossol near whero tho DoBraak was supposod to havo foundorod. McCrackon, who Is to ro eclvo a major portion of what troasuro Is discovered, in an Intorviow says that tho DoBraak lies in fiftcon fathoms of water. Tho divers, in going down, found a long, Irrogular ridgo, about fif teon foot high, eightcon foot wide, and sixty foot long. On each sido aro piles of looso stono, supposod to bo tho bal last thrown from tho frigates in tho ef fort to ralso the wrock in 1800. Rough woathor intorforing with furthor opora tlons, tho company was compollod to postpono further Investigations, and on Wednesday tho divers roturnod to Phil adelphia. Tho work, howovor, will bo vigorously pushed forward favorablo woathor sots in. ns soon as Galileo in tho Church at Pisa. Ono day Galileo, a young student of modicino nt Pisa, saw tho groat bronzo chandelior of tho cathedral swing to and fro. Ho watchod it caicfuUy, and found that it moved losrulariv. It alwavs oamo baok to tho samo placo. Ho thought hocouldimitatoit, and suspend ed a woight to a string, and thus form ed tho first pondulum. His invention has novor ceasod to bo ot uso to ovory one. Tho pendulum was attached to tho works of a clock, and has from that moment continued tho ohief moans ot measuring time. It rules ovory family, directs tho business of cities, and tells whon school is out. Tho groat clock In tho City Hall and tho clocks in all tbo steeples r.nd towers aro' guided by Galileo's pondulum. Tho wooden clock wo buy for two or three , ollars and tho costly Fronch olook that ticks on tho mantel, owe thoir chlof valuo to tho in vention ot tho young student. Tho pendulum, wherever it swings to nnd fro, scorns to spoak of Gallloo. Ho was born at Pisa in 15G4, tho samo yoar ugth Shakespeare His father was poorMnd wlshod to apprentice him to tho wool trade But Galileo showod a strong lovo for mochanlcs nnd matho- rtlcs; ho profossod to study medicine atlho Unlvorsity at Pisa, but was al- busy with mechanical experiments. orked incossantly with his tools books, and produced a groat num- of Inventions, moro, perhaps, than othor man. From youth to ox- omo old ago ho was constantly in his orkshop, and laborod whilo othors pt. Ono of his inventions was tho thermomoter that measures tho hoat or cold c oyory land. It is usod to mark 0 highest tomperaturo of tho highest f ountains, and Is plunged into tbo cpths of the sea,; tells tho boiling- ini and tho freezing-point, nnd veVns in tho house and tho faotory. At last, In 1609, Gallloo invented the telescope, It had boon thought of in Holland, but never brought to nuy por footlon. Galileo caught up.tho idea, and produced tho rerrarcablo Instru ment that brings distant things near, Until that timo no ono had supposod mon could seo beyond a certain llmltjt and tho sailor on the ocean and Vtho travelers by land could look wily a fow miles boforo thorn Galliots fiist tolosoopo was ma.10 of load, SHall and impcrfoot, but It was polished and porfootod witl) his won dorful skill and industry. It filled all Italy and Europo with anintouso exoitu mont. Mon oamo in crowds to look through tho first tolosoopo. At Venice, where GaUloo was staying, tho mer chants ellmbod to tho top of tho hlghost towor to soo their ships far on tho wa ter two hours boforo thoy could have bosn st on without tho tolosoopo. Gal lloo was onriohed with honor; nnd a largo salary. Ho went to Floronco, and was recolved with won or and delight ly groat crowds of his countrymon. Next came a still more startling dls covory. Galileo turnod his tolosoopo to the skies, and saw things that had nov-, er boon wltnossod by mortal oyos. Tho Milky Way dissolved Into a bod of stars; Jupiter showed its four satellites, Sat urn its'rings; the moon soomod covorod with mountains seas, and rivers. Tho hoavons scorned rovealed to mnn, and Gallloo soon after, startled by his own discoveiios, publlshod his "Mcssago from tho Stars." In this pamphlot ho doscrlbos tho wondors of tho skits ho was thu first to see It was read all ovor Europo, and tho pcoplo and tho princes heard with awo tho account of tho now hoavons. Many porsons do nlod thoro boing any truth In tho narra tive; it was looked upon ns a kind of "Moon Hoax" or "Gulliver's Travols;" somo said it was nn optical delusion, and Galileo was attacked by a thous and onomlos. His hoalth was always dollcate, and ho was always koptpoor and In debt by a worthless son nnd idlo brother. His lifo, so prosperous, ended In misfortune His telescopo provod to him that tho world movod around tho sun, and ho venturod to say so. Unfortunntoly tho Inquisition and noarly ovcrv ono olso bo lioved that tho sun movi d around tho earth. Glllleo was forced to say ho was mistaken. Ho was tried atKomo, con demned, nnd obliged on his knees to confess his error, and durincr tho last years of his lifo was kept a prisoner in uis own houso near Floronco. Hopassod his timo in constant work, studvlntr . j a tho moon, and making instruments. At last no bcoamo blind. Horo Milton vis ited him, nnd looked upon him with voncrntion. Ho dlod in 1632, and was burled prlvatoly in tho church of Santa uroco, at rloronce Galileo was of a pleasant counte nance, always chcorful. His hair was of a reddish tlngo, his eyes bright and sparkling until thoy becamo dimmod like Milton's. His figuro was strong nnd woll formed. It wns said of him that no one had ever seen him Idlo. Ho was novor weary of improving his tele scope The first ono ho mndo only mngnifiod threo times, a socond eight times, and then ho mado ono that mag nified thirty times. It is tho mon who aro novor idlo that holp thomsolvos and others. Annie Laurie. .Notes and Queries has tho followlnc interesting memoranda concerning tho ncroino 01 tho woll-known ballad of "Annio Laurio." "Tho birth of this young lady, so woll known to many of your roadors, Is quaintly rocordod by hor fathor, Sir ltobort Laurio. of Maxwolltown, in tho family registor in theso words: " 'At tho plcasuro of tho Almighty God, my daughter, Annio Laurio, was borno upon tho 16th day of Docombor, 1682 years, about 6 o'clock In tho morn ing, and was baptized by Mr. Goo.' (Hunter, of Gloncalrn.) "And his own marriago is givon in tho samo quaint stylo: " 'At tho plcasuro of tho Almighty, I was married to my wifo, Jean Rlddoll, upon tho 27th day of July, 1674. in tho Tron Kirk of Edinb., by Mr. Annano.' "These statements I find in tho val uable collection of manusoripts loft by tho lato Mr. W. F. H. Arundoll, and whioh his son, W. F.H. Arundoll, Esq., of Barjarg Towor, Dumfriesshire, has kindly allowed mo tooxamlno and mako use of. They contain a vast fund of curious information respecting- the an tiqnitlos and county familios of Dum friesshire Many of your readers will know that Annio was wooed by William Douglas, of Fingland, In Klrkoubbright shlro. Hor charms aro thus spoken of in his pathetic lyrlo, 'Bonnio Annio Lau rie:' ' 'Ifer brow Is like Iho snaw'-drlft, Her nock is llko the swan, Her face It Is tho fairest That e'er tho sun shone on, That e'er the sun shone on, And dark blue Is her e'6: And for bonnio Annie Laurie I'd lay me down and dle.V "Sho was, howovor, obdurate to bis passlonato appoal,, preferring Aloxan dor Forgusson, of Craigcarrooh, to whom sho was ovontually marriod. This William uougiass was said lo have boon tho hero of this woll known eonc Willlo was a Wanton Wag.' Though ho was rciusod by Annio, ho did not pino away In slnglo blossodncss, but mado a ranaway marriago with Miss Elizabeth Clork of Glonboig, in Gallo way, by whom ho had four sons nnd two daughters, r Lima Beans. beans In boiling, .shollod ighto cover. CookuntllfcpTtNrin them. Molt a ploooOf butFer tho sWof an egg, and mix an oin teaspoonful of flour with it; add a little moat broth to mako smooth sauce, or use watcrinstoad. Put the loans In tho sauce and set them nattho side ofjthe fire for fifteen minutes. JuH beo serving add a tablospoonful nt ftlinnnnrl naiwlaif r,n . a. with salt and popper. Mllkmani "Tell 'yer mother she 'ull 've to pay ready money for tullkhff u tur' I ain't a-going to ohalk up any' more." Boy: Wot aroyor a-going to use lnstld then, Mr. Simpson P" "There," said a oharming lady, wltn analvo oxprossion that mado hor faco radiant, pointing to an ebony caso of obinawaro, "that is my brick-bat cabl-not." Put a pint 0V1 Inltcd wator cttiu