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THE COUNTY PAPER.
lly DOIIYNH V WALI.Klt. OllEOON. MO. 8. V. O'FALLON. LEIOH 1RVINK O'ft'AI.I.OX Ac IRVni! ATTORNEYS - AT-LAW, OUEGON, MISSOURI. Will nrrtlro In ill courts of Missouri. (!nlltlnni. mil all mannerof lceal business will receive our promjit attention. t-Olllce north (file o! Court House, OTer Tlfiide'i Drug Store. CHAS. W. THOMAS, Lawyer&Notary Public, OnEOON, HOLT COUNTY, MO. Collections made, Depositions taken, Convey- tnclns done, l.cRai iniormauon given ami era) Land and Law lluslncss attended to. T. C. DUNGAN, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, OllEdON, MI8SOUIII. Will urni-tlre In nil Courts of MltPnurl. Kan an, I on a and Nebraska. Ileal Estate business, and Collections promptly attended to. H. TEBBS ALKIRE, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, OREGON, Missontt. Will tirflf ilr-f In all llin Courts of Missouri. Real Estate and Collection buslnss promptly attended to. Olllcc OTer gcliultc Pros. Store. E. J. KELLOGG, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, CKAUl, MO. Will nmrtlrp In all the Courts of Missouri. Real Estate and Collecting business promptly attended to. L.K.KNOWLES, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, OREGON, MO. Will practice In all Court. Real Estate bust tiess and Collections promptly attended to. A. II . JAMISON, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Real Estate, Insurance and Collecting Agent, MOUND CITY, MO. win practice In all the Courts of northwest Missouri. R. I. REA, ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Notary Public and Real Estate Agent, MA1TLAND, MO. Will attend to all legal business Intrusted to his care In all thcCourtsof Northwest Missouri, lias for sale a large numlcr of choice business ots. MONTGOMERY & ROECKER, Bankers and Brokers, OREGON, MO. Loan Money, Buy Notes. Draw Drafts on all Tirinclnal cities, and Collections Dromntlv made. 1'ay Taxes for non-residents; Loans negotiated on real esiaie.anu investments maue on lavurn bleterms. Interest allowed on Time Deposits, H Fid & McDii BANK, FOREST CITY, - - - MISSOURI. mitANBACTS a eeneral banklnc business, JL Bells exchange on the chief cities of the United States and Europe. Allows Interest on deposits when left a specified tlms. Collections Tccelvo careful attention. B. B. FRAZER, GEO. WEBER, PiiKsrrjENT. CAsmi:it. J. T. THATCHER, M. D. OREGON, MISSOURI. OFFICE At residence, two doors north of J. A. Reeves' Store; formerly residence of Levi Orcn. CLAKK PHILBRICK, FASHIONABLE BAEBEB ailfl HAIR CUTTER OREGON, MISSOURI. West Side Public Squire. Respectfully invites the patronage of those having anything in the narper, uair-uuttingor anampooning L.ine. I. D. BEELER, DEALER IK CHOICE WINES. LIQUORS AND CIGARS, FOREST CITY, MO. Bourbon and Rve Whiskies, and all Fancv and Hot Drinks a specialty. Patronage respectfully oucittq. NATIONAL HOTEL, FOREST CITY, MO. Our entire building is newly furnished throughout; our location Is central, our rates are low, our accommouauons-inciuaing are unsurpassed, and we respectfully solicit a liberal patronage from the traveling public. B. B. FOSTER & BRO., Proprietors. FOR SALE. BOTH IMl'llOVEI) AND UNIMlTiOVEn REAL ESTATE. At nrlces ranelos from 12.50 to 35.00 per acre. Some of the finest land in Northwest Missouri. In both large and small tracts. Desirable town nrorjertv In all the towns of Holt countv. Also. a few fine farms In Kansas. Parties dejlrlnc to either sell or buy land, will find it to their in terest to address me at once, as I am constantly Having cans lor an eraucs oi lanus, aim can suit all purchasers I WIK tomsncver. Andres, ir i.'mia At trim. Attorney.at-Law, Oregon, sio. NORTHWEST NORMAL SCHOOL, OREOON, MO, Ylnt Term begins Kent. 1!4, IHHI. Nov. Ml. 1HH1. Heroin! Teim begins Third Term begins l'm. (I, 1NH'., Voarth Term lHtln April IT, IHHS, Tuition, 5.uu per term or, ten weens. Course of itudv thorouch and practical. Hoarding In family $3.00 to $3.50 per week. For further Information address, C. I,. KHAUOII, Principal. WEEKLY REVIEW. UonnUc There was a million dollar firo nt Manilla, China, Sept. 10th. Tho Pennsylvania Iron markets nro reported strong and advancing. California's Stato tax has advanced from Kicints In 1878 to 0TM cents In 1SS1 It Is understood that tho Now York Central will put on n fast train to Chicago. Tho winnings of American horses In England and France tills year Is about 30, 000. Tho San Francisco ProducoExchango hasclvcn tl.OOO to tho Garfield monument fund. By tho sinking of a ship's boat on tho coast of France, Nov. 2nd, thirteen persons were drowned. An Atlanta broker has bought several mllllons'of Con federate bonds and has been of' fcrcd 120,000,000 more. Tho stoamcr Calcutta, from Mel Ixiurne to Sidney, foundered,, at sea recently during a gale. All on board 33 person perished. Tho BI-Conicnnlnl Association at Phil adclphlahas fixed from Oct. 23d, 1SK2, till the 37th for celebrating the landing of l'cnn upon Pennsylvania shores. Fifty-six pounds of dynamite cxplod ed In the house of a miner nt Rcdfcrn, Cillfor nla, Nov. 2nd, blowing the building to pieces. and destroying others near by. In tho caso of Yocum against tho Pittsburg, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad, nn action for damage, ?147,00O for loss of cattle, verdict has lccn glvcaby the Jury for the amount. full Tho Phoenix Planing Mill, St. Louis burned Nov. 2nd. Loss, $.10,000; Insurance, 120,000. On the same day John King's lard re- finery, St. Louis, was damaged by fire to n large amount Insurance, $20,000. A passenger train on tho Knnsas and Texas road was thrown from the track by mule near Scdalla, Mo., on the night of Oct, 28th. James J. Wagner, the engineer, killed, and the fireman severely Injured. By tho explosion of a steam boiler connected with a threshing machine, at Mart- villc, N. Y., Oct. 2Sth, Frank Mlllman was killed and eight others Injured, some of whom will die. Low water in tho boiler was 11 cause. Tho Vnndcrbllt roads nnnounco an advance of 2J cents per 100 pounds freight as follows: From Chicago to Baltimore, Phllodcl phlanndNcw York, 20 cents on grain, and a cents on provisions; to Boston, 25 cents on grain, and 30 cents on provisions. A dispatch says tho Apaches havo mado their appcarancoln Sonora, killing a fam lly near a ranchc at Santa Cruz, and running off stock. Gen. Otcrs In command of the troops, has sent a force to co-opcrato with the American soldiers, who arc supposed to bo In pursuit of them. A Now York firm prints an advertise ment In Chicago papers offering S2.C0 per f 1000 for one thousand to one million dollars of Con federate bonds maturing In 1805. Largo amounts of Confederate bonds havo been pur chased at Agusta, Georgia, at from 10 to til per $1000. Tho Chicago Board of Trado has voted to admit non-residents of Chicago to Its membership and to Incicaso tho rate of com mission for handling corn and seeds to one cent per bushel, the previous rate being half a cent. This commission is entirely distinct from tho brokerage charged for trading. Tho defalcation in tho Newark Na tional bank has. caused tho President to call the attention of tho acting Secretary of tho Treasury to tho system of bank examinations. He says tho Newark defalcation shows cither that the bank examinations nro Inefficient, or their Inspection of the books of tho National banks Is merely momlnal, or their insjwctlons so Infrequent as to bo of no practical account In detecting frauds. Crime and CrlmlnulH. A special to tho Galveston Kctvs from San Antonio, Texas, says a Jury has convicted William Petty of stage robbery, and fixed the penalty at 00 years In the penctentiary. Archibald King, proprietor of King's dairy at Flndlav, 111., committed suicide on tho night of Oct. "Stb, by banging hlmsslf In his barn with a halter. Cause, family trouble. Augustus D. Wheolock, jook keeper for J. C. Wolcott&Co., New York, charged with the embezzlement of $55,000, has arrived from Europe and given ball in the' sum of $5,- 000. James Iluggos, property man for ITagues minstrels, disappeared from Buffalo, N. Y., on the night of Nov. 1st, taking about $3,000 worth of diamonds, presents to Hague in England. Tho Now York Oraphie says it Is known that Baldwin, cashier of the Mechanic's National bank ot Newark, lost a great dealot money In coal shares about tho time of the coal war, and he has been dabbling In Wall street for a great many years. Sometimes he made money, but he was oftcner loser, and was frequently robbed by tho professional pointers and blackmailers. II. McGuiro, a Chicago tobacconist, has been closed out In his business by his New York and Chicago creditors. Ills shortage Is about $11,000, and Is due chiefly to a plausible and accomplished young villain named Iliai, who while acting as clerk for him has been syitamatlcally fleecing him for about a year, Haas recently disappeared, leaving a six-page letter behind full of good advice to his vtctlmlz ed employer. New From Abroad. IRELAND A ctowd of seven hundred persons attacked the police while serving a summons at Relnulted, county Mayo. Tho police fired upon the people and several wero wounded. Parncll published a letter dated at Kllmalnham all, dsprecatlng the plan of evading tho recent pro clamation of tho government by the formation ot tenants' defense associations to replace the Land League organization, He says such associations would bo tolerated byOladstono only so long as they appear- to bo disposed to carry out bis views, and would bo mongrel, reactionary associations, such as wcro formerly condemned by Divltt, Every man In Kllmalnham is Willing to remain thero any number ot months, or years, that may bo necessary, Tho Secretary of tho Llvorpool branch of the Lund League telegraphs Qlad stono as follows! "The elections yesterday show how your resources of civilization are ap preciated by 150,000 Irish citizens here." Two thousand tenant fanners ot countv Limerick have resolved to apply to the Land Commission to fix a Judicial rent or set aside tho unjust leaves. Disturbances continue at liclmullct. county Mayo, and thus far four persons wounded In the late affray ate dead, and six more deaths arc expe. ted. Two hundred mili tary arc on the sot. Tho roadi leading to ,glow nrc blockaded with stones, and the bridge has been broken down for the purpose of mpcdlng the rnllltury movement, (lllhooly, Secretary of county Cork Land League has been arrested. FRANCE. Orovy asked Gambotta to tako offlco, and the latter has consented. It was agreed that GambctU might assume the Presidency of the Council, with or without a portfolio. CHINA. An encounter took placo Sept. ICth, near Nlngpo, between a Chinese gunboat and pirates. Upwards of 200 pirates were slain or drowned themselves. Nino were captured allvo and about seventy escaped. Eleven pirate boats wcro taken. The pirates were In shallow water and the gunboats liclngunablo to get near them, lowered their boats and fought In them. RUSSIA. Tho Po'tco In St. Petersburg mado an Important capture. Suspicion having been directed to the Inmates of n house In a respect able quarter of the city, the jiollce surrounded tho placo at night, burst open the doors and seized men and women who were keeping dan, gerous explosives. Recently n number of N'l hlllst proclamations were distributed about the city, and several copies were thrown Into the barracks of tho Imperial guards. It Is stated that tho Czarbas recently received many threat- enlng missives. Five employes of the Czar's palace at Gatchlna were arrested, and ono has revealed the plot to repeat at Gatchlna, the winter palace explosion, when the attempt was made to kill the late Czar. Many of the naval olllccrs have received copies of the revolution ary proclamation, summoning them to Join the cause ot liberty and Justice. POOR BOY'S RECORD. A Few ol Them Who Havo Become Presl dents of tho United States. Tho socond President of tho Unltod States, John Adams, was tho son of n farmer of modorato means, who was conipollcd to work constantly for tho support of his f inn lly. When, it tho ugo of twenty, tho son graduated nt Hnrvnrd college, his education was his own capital for his start in actlvo life. Andrew Jackson was born in a log hut in Lvxtrcmo poverty. Ho grow up in tho woods of North Carolina, living in tho homo of a relative, whero his mother worked to support herself and her thrco children. James K. Polk, tho eleventh Presl dent, spent his early days on a farm in tho wilderness of North Ci rollna. Ills father placed him in a store with tho intention that ho should enter merenu tllo life; but his disliko for business wns so groat that nt tho ago of eighteen, ho win sent to tho Murfrccsborough nend' emy to fit htm for college. Millard Filmoro was tho son of a New York farmer, and his homo wns nn humble one. When ho was fourteen years of ago ho was sent nway from homo to learn tho business of a clothier, But livo years later ho entered a law oillco, and at tho ago of twenty-throe was admitted to tho bar. James Buchanan was born in a small town of tho Allegheny mountains. Ills father was poor, and by his own ax built his homo in tho wilderness. When James was eight years of ago ho was placed at school, and six years later en terod Dickinson college, whero hograd uatcd with tho highest honors. It is well known that Abraham Lin coin was tho son of parents who wero tno poorest ol tuo poor. J. ill l.o wns moro than iwenty-ouo his homo was a log cabin. His attendance at school was limited to a few mouths. From early lifo ho was compelled to dopond on himself not only for his living, but also for his success in his buslnoas and In his profession. At tho ago of ten Androw Johnson was apprenticed to a tailor. Previously his mother had supportrd him by hor own labor. Ho was novor ablo, It Is was said, to attond school. His educa tion ho gained by his own efforts nt night, after working all day at his trado, and by tho help of his wlfo. Tho early homo of General Grant, also, on tho banks of the Ohio, moro than fifty years ago, was without many of tho comforts of civilized life. Till ho was seventeen, when ho was sent to West Point, ho lived tho lifo of a com mon homo. James A. Garfield, llko so many of his predecessors, was born in a log hut. When ho was a year and a half old his father dlod. Tho family wns poor, When ho had hardly onterod his teens ho was doing a man's work in tho har vest Hold. Ho worked on tho Ohio eanal. IIo was determined, howovor. to havo an education, and, loavlng his piano and his soytho, ho worked his way through tho preparatory school, and, with somo holp from frionds, was ablo to graduate from Williams college Tho lives of many of tho presidents provo that no boy is so poor but that ho may hope to attain tho highest honrs which tho American pooplo can givo. Anitlnorant preacher in Michigan was invited lniormaity to uino at a houso whoro ho called in tho country. To provido for tho omorgonoy thoy slaughtered a pot hen belonging to a little boy of tho household, who was in consolablo nt his loss. After dinner prayer was proposed, and whllo tho .proachor was prating a lonesome chicken wandoring under tho houso cry lug dismally for its dead mothor. Tho grioving uino uoy put ms moutn to a holo In tho floor and shouted in a loud whisper: "ChlokoyI ohlokoyl I didn't kill your mammy tho naughty folks killed her for that big preaehor's din- norl" Tho "anion" camo suddonly, Hero's a positive fact that occurred in ono of tho publlo schools recently A small boy was askod to name somo part of bis own body, lie thought a momont and thon replied. "Bowols which are fivo in numbor a, e, I, o, u and somotlmos w and y." EPri, THE SNAKE-TAMER. Struggling with a Boa ConstrletorA Snako mat weignea 300 rounds, New York 8tr, "Tho buslnoss of snako-oharmlng ain't what It used to bo, and don't you forget !t," said old Eph Sowoll to a Star reporter a fovv days ago. "Nowa days a snako-oharmor will havo two or thrco tamed roptllos and pretend to do a great deal. In tho good old times no man who cared to risk his reputation boforo tho publlo as n snnko-charmor dnro to think of having a cng of loss than a dozen rattlors, snapper.), and spreaders." In tho early days of Barnum'sMuseum, Eph Sowoll was ono of tho greatest at tractions. Ho had chargo of a cage of reptiles from many lands, nnd nt every porformanco always mado it a point to go Into tho cngo and Ho down with tho collection. In tho courso of tlmo his health became greatly Impaired from Inhaling thopolsonousatmosphcroof tho cngo. and fits skin boenmo mottled and broken liko that of a snako. Physicians ordered him to seek a changoof cllmato nrd avocation, and ho forsook tho pro fession of snake-charming and wont to tho West Indlos. After a few years' sojourn in that mild cllmato his healtl was restored, and ho ndoplcd anotho calling by way of earning n livelihood Old Eph1 s hands nnd faco are covered with scars which havo been inflicted by serpents' fangs, and ho novcr tired of narrating snaky Incidents of tho days when ho enjoved tho sobriquet of "Tho fnnko King." "To handlo snakes successfully," tho old man continued, as ho leaned up against tho box-oillce of Bunnell's Mu seum, "ono must not bo afraid of tho sleek-skinned rascals. Snakes nro lust llko human beings In ninny respect'; when thoy get hold of nn arrant coward or timid porson, somo fun Is bound to ensue. I wns bitten four times in ouo day onco by a lot of little Jcrsoy Pino snakes, and if I had not choked nnd beaten tho offenders half to death, tholr companions would have mado It a point to havo sampled mo daily. As It was I mado It so hot for thorn thntthov f ' would nil Ho In my bosom nnd hiss ven- gcanco nt tho spectators."' "Did you over consldor your lifo in danger from nn attack by reptiles? ' asked Managor George O. Starr. "Well, there havo been times when I would havo felt more comfortable nt a table 'enjoying a good dinner. On ouo occasion thnt I now iccnll I introduced myself to tho largest boa-constrictor over brought to this country. He wns 18 feet in length, nnd weighed over 300 pounds. IIo had been in tho country two W6eks, nnd llarnum was obliged to pay a good prlco to get hold of him, When I went Into tho enrro. I saw thnt ho had becomo monarch of tho concern. Tho remaining snakes wcro AS 8U11MISSIVK AS MICU. and whon thoy crawled ovor to erect mo his lordship looked wicked. I caught him in lny arms, and ho reared his head until it rested upon my left shoulder. Lifting him ns much ns pos sible, I passed him around my body, and ho apparently Imagined that ho was embracing a treo In his native jungle. Ho tightened his coil, nnd a feeling liko I was being slowly suffoca ted camo ovor mo. Quicker than a Hash I caught him back of his head, and by a desporato effort wrenched myself frco. Then wo both got angry. Tho boa camo townrdme, and I caught him by the thro it. I was strong enough to hold him at arm's length desnito his struggles, and in a few moments ho gavoup tho fight, and relaxed his coils Then I shook him until ho wns thor oughly alarmed, and ovor afterward ho was submissivo Had I pormitted his colls to close about mo, no earthly agonoy could havo saved mo. "I onco interfered botwoon two largo black snakos that wore having a froo tight, and thoy bit mo two or thrco times each before I could gain tho mas tery. Snakes nro quick to learn, and thoy novcr forgot a face. I handled ono for two yoars, and thon ho was sold to a travoling exhibition. Elghtoon months lator I paused IN FRONT OF ASNAKE-OAOE in Baltimore, and my pot was among tho collection. Ho rnlsod his hoad and tapped on I ho glass boforo I reoognlzod him, nnd appeared just as happy to soo mo as though I was a lonf.nhsnnt brother. Whon koopors are changod " tho snakes nro quick to resent it. Somo years ago I was travollngwlthBarnum. and at Indianapolis wont off on a hur rah. At that timo tho snakos had to bo performed, wero a vital attraction, and Foejoo Jim was substituted for mo. IIo was unablo to handlo but two out of tho tho ton, and Coup was so happy that ho almost kissed mo whon I rejoin ed tho show. Snakos aro splondld eat ing. Ono day I determined to kill a small boa that was alwavs making trouble with tho collection, and did so, ... a What aro you going to do with tho car cass?" askod a follow who had gono through Bi azll. I replied that I would do nothing! nnd thon ho porsuadod mo to cook II. Wo cooked It togethor, aud found it far suporlor to young squirrel Aftorward, In tho Wost Indlos nnd In Moxico, I nlways rogardod snakos for tho tablo with high favor." "Do you ovor Intond to go into tho snako-oharming business again?" "No. I nm growing old, nnd wl loavo tho younger mombors of tho pro fession somothing to do; but I do be llovo that If I could go Into a big oago iuu 01 HnaKos onco moro, and oat, drink, and sloop with thom ns I usod to uo, 11 wouui nitiKo mo teei ton years youngor.' Women. Youuir or Old. married or single. If out of health, will be greatly benefitted by taking Kliney-Wort. In either dry or liquid form It It an effectual remedy for some of their moat trnuhlMinmn complaints, jiuitpenatia. THE SLIM TEACHER. How He Managed the Nctioot nt Cranherr Ouleh. Rn FrsnclttoDntlrtln. "Mister, no doubt you havo nil tho lcarnln that's required In a school teacher, but it wants moro than learn in' to mnVo a man ablo to teach school iu Cranberry Gulch. You'll soon find that out if you try. Wo'vo had three who tried it on. Ono lays thoro in tho graveyard; anoiher lost his oy'o; tho last one oponod school nnd left before noon-time, for tho benefit of ha health. Ho hasn't been back slnco. Now, you're a siondor build, and all your lonrnln' will only moko it worso, tor nil our young folks aro roughs, and don't stand no nonsense" This wns what ono of tho trustees of tho district said to my friond Harry Flotoc, when he applied for tho vacant pest of teacher. "Let mo try. I know I am slender, bu1 1 am tough, and havo a strong will," said Harry. "Jest as you llko. There's tho school house, nnd I'll havo tho notico given If you want it done," said tho trustee "i uo," saiu iiarry, "and ru open noxt Monday nt 9 n. 111 Tho notico was givoit and thoro wns a good deal of excitement in tho gulch and along tho Yubu Ants. More than fifty young pooplo of both soxos mado an oxcuso to drop Into tho tavern to got a sight at tho follow who thought ho could keep school in that district, and mnnya contomptuous glanco fell on tho slcndor form nnd youthful faco of tho would-bo teacher. TUB SCHOOL OPENS. Eight o'clock on Monday morning camo, nnd Harry Flotoo went down to tho school houso with a koy In onohnnd and n valise In tho othor. "Ready to slopo, If ho finds wo'rotoo much forhlm,'" said a cross-eyed, broad- shouldon d follow of 18. Tho school houso was unlocked, and tho now teacher went to his desk. Somo of tho folks wont to soo what ho was go ing to do, though school was not called. Iiarry opened his vnliso and took out a largo bolt. Then, nfter buckling It around his wnlst, ho put thrco Colt's navy revolvers thoro, each six barrels, and n bowio kuifo eighteen inches in tho bladf. "Thunder, ho means business!-' mut tered tho oross-oyed youth. Tho now teacher now took out n square card about four inches oach way, walked to tho other end of tho school house, nnd tacked it up against tho wall. Hoturning to his desk, ho drew a revolver from his belt, nnd, qulo as thought, sent ball nfter ball Into tho card, till there wore six balls in a spot not much largor than n dollar. By this timo thoschool houso was half full of largo boys and girls. Tho llttlo ones wero afraid to como In. Then tho teacher wnlked half way down tho room with nbowlo-kuifo in his hand, and throw It with so truo a hand that It stuck, quivering, in tho center of tho card. IIo left It there, nnd quietly put two mord of tho snmo kind In his bolt nnd reloaded his yot smoking pistol. "it ing tho boll; I am about to opon school." Ho spoko to tho cross-eyed boy, tho bully of tho crowd, and tho boy rang tuo bell. 1'ltAVKlt AND 1'ISTOI.S, "Tho scholars will tako their scats; I open school with a prayer," ho said, sternly, livo minutes lator. Tho scholars sat down silontly, al most breathless. After tho praver tho toachor cocked a revolver and walked down on tho floor. Wo will arrange tho classes," ho said. All who can rend and spoil will rise. Of thom wo will form tho ilret class.'1 Only six got up. IIo escorted them to uppor seats, and thon ho began to ex amino tho rest. A whisper was hoard behind him. In r. second ho whiclod, revolver in hand "No whisporing nllowod horel" ho tbundored, and for nn instant his revol ver lay on a level with tho cross-ood boy s head "I'll not do so any more," gaspod tho boy "Seo you do not. I novor give a soc ond warning," said tho teacher, and tho revolver foil. It took two hours to organize tho classes, but when dono thoy wero all organized. Thon camo recess. Tho toachor wont out too, for tho room was crowded and hot. A hawk was circling overhead high In tho air. Tho teachor drew his rovolvor, nd tho noxt second tho hawk came tumbling down among tho won - doring scholars. trorn that day on Harry kept school two years In Cranberry Gulch; his sal ary doubled after tho first quarter, and his pupils learned to lovo as well as re spect him, and tho rovolvors wore out of sight within a month, Thoy had found a man at last who' could kcop school. This is a fact. Oyster-Fishing with the Dredge, ropular Science Monthly for November. Tho oystor-flshory in thoso localities is cirrlod on in two ways, olthor by "longing" or "dredging. ' Tho first mot hod, being confinod to small areas and to a limited numbor ot fishorman, and suscoptlblo of uso but In shoal wa ter, nood not bo consldorod, Tho sec ond mothod of taking tho oystow is as follows: tho implemont used is called a dredgo, or scrapo, and resembles a largo iron olaw, tho mils representing tho tooth of tho dredgo. To tho baok of this olaw, or tho dredge, is fastened a bag of iron mesh-work, largo enough to hold two or throe bushels. When tho dredgo is dragged along tho bottom tho tooth or claws dig up tho oysters and slioUs, which pass botweon thom and into tho notwork behind. Tho ac tion is somowhat llko that of n harrow. Tho dredges vary greatly In slzo, being from two to fivo foot across tho mouth, and of greater or less weight, nccordlng to tho dopth of water In which It is In tended to uso them. Tho drcdglng vcssols vary In slzo from fivo to thirty tons, and nil uso two dredges. When on tho oystor-ground tho dredges are droppod ono from each sldo, and a suf ficient amount of lino paid out to insure tho "taking" of tho teeth; tho vessol is thon kept under easy sail and at a mod orato spi.cd until tho dredges aro full, that being Indicated by tho strain on the drcdglng-llno nnd'byothcr signs known to tho fishormon. The instrument is thon hauled in by means of n small winch, the contents emptied on tho dock, nnd tho dredgo put ovor again. This is continued until tho vessol is near the odgo of tho bed, whon tno dredges are recovered, tho vessel put about, nnd tho drodglngresumedlu nnopposlto courso. Whllo tho dredges nro In tho water, '.tho mud, sand, sponge, grass, or other de bris brought up nro sopnratod from tho oysters, and, together with all tho oys tors unfit for market, thrown back into tho water. Tho limits of tho dredging grounds nro not accurately doflnod, nnd tho vcssols frequently drag largo num bers of Bholls and oysters somo dlstnnco beyond tho boundary of tho beds. Tho dredge, especially when full, nets ns n sorapo, andjcarrles boforo it muchjthat would bo collected In tho notwork at tached to it, had that rcccptaclo been opon. After "culling" tho oysters, or separating them from tho old shells, thoso shells nro thrown back again ami with them' mnny young oysters. Lord Cornwall!. Tlie United Service. In tho ordinary acceptation of tho word, Cornwallis was not what tho world considers n hnndsomo man, but thoro was somothing nbout him thnt was peculiarly nttractivo. "IIo was short and thick-sot, his hair somowhat gray, his faco well formed nnd agrcea- blo, his manners remarkably easy and affable much bolovcd by his men." This Is ono pen-portrait of tiro "rood nnd gallant" Cornwallis. Tho follow ing is another from Watson's "Anrnls of Now York," pago.'M'J: "Lord Corn wallis in por.soi. wa? short nnd thick sot, but not so corpulont as Sir Henry. Uinton.j Ho hnd a lmndsviuo nqui- lino nose, nnd hair, when young, rather incl'nod to sandy, but at tho timo of his loavlng hero (New York) it hnd becomo somowhat era?. His faco was well formed and a ireoable, and would havo been altogether lino had ho not blinked bndly with his loft oyo. Ho was un commonly easy and aliablo In his mat- nor and nlways accosslblo to tho lowest of his soldiers, by who:u ho was gioatly Dulovcd. With his ofllcors ho usod tho utmost cordiality." When tho British occupied 1'hiliidolphla. In 1777, "oary In tho nftcrnoon" "of that solomn'Mid imprcsslvo day," according to tho "Diary of a Young Lady" quoted in Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia." C83 "Lord Cornwallls's suito arrived nnd took possession of my mother's house. But my mother wns nppallvd by' tho nuraoious train which took posses sion of her dwelling, and shrank from having such inmates, for a guard was mountod at tho uoor.and ihoyatd filled with soldiers and baggago of all descrip tion; and I well remember whit wo thought of tho haughty looks of Lord Rawdou and tho other nldo-do-cnmp as thuy travorscd tho apartments. My mothor desired to spent to Lord Corn wallis, and ho nttended her in tho front parlor. Sho told him of hor situation, nnd how impossiblo it would bo for hor to stay in her own houso with such a numerous train as composed his lord ship's establishment. Ho bohavod with great politonoss to hor, said ho should bo sorry to glvo trouble, and would havo othor quaitcrs looked out for him; thoy withdrew that very afternoon." Such is tho invarlablo testimony of thoso who did not regard him with tho malovolonco of prejudlco or tho hatred following punlshmont. Opinion nd vorso to him is based in n moasuro on his summary oxooutlons at tho South of Individuals taken and executed, '"rod ha," after shooting down bis mon, with arms in their hands, still warm and blackened with powder, with Brit sh protections in tholr pockets. In tho rtry South whioh oxocrntos tho Union oj Icors who wore oompolled to ctrry lio, in comparison to tho mannor In lvhleh war Is appllod in Europo, admin Istnrtd Its nnoi'ssltlns with itIovai! hnnita Ptho amenities of Cornwallis aro borno f lin grateful romembranoo and recorded jwlth tender regard, whioh Is lnaston Ishlng contrast to tho bltternoss ongon' dorsTl by tho passago of Sherman. "His m that of Cornwallis In North Caro- M ! 1 Ttt I.I. f - innrt i . rn , 1 liun uuu viiiuiu ill mou nuu iioij was very apparently to conciliate If possl bla"x to teach tho neopla to look to him rtfortprotootion nnd n good Govornmont. "Io was a gentleman and an accomplished statesman, as woll as a ooneumnto soldier. Ho woll know' who ovorcomos by forco hatlijfroreomobut unit ins loo" " A porformor in tho Faubourg Saint Germain has just compounded a now porfumo. It is having a groat salo. Ho t "mo uaour oi sanctity." lAlmoMt Ynniiar Airiilii Mv I'hother was nflllcted a loner time with Neural itaard a dull, heavy Inictlvo condition ot tho whole Bvsteni: headache, nervous tiros tratlon, and was almost helpless. No physicians or medicines did her uny good. Three months ago she began to use Hop Hitters, with such gooa cueci inai sue seems ami reels youni ugaln, although over 70 years old. Wo think meiM is no outer meaicino III to usn In tha lamuy," a laay in rroviucuce, it. I, journal, Patriotism. Heine. ' Everything has for n long tlmo boon fatal to mon that bears tho namo of pa triotism. Yes. at ono tlmo tho thing would havo disgusted mo when I bohold thoso masquerades of n ivonturou fools who gonornlly mado a trado of patriotism-provided themselves with suitable occupations, and distributed themselves as martyrs, journeymen nnd appren-i tlcos, nnd combined into corporations that thoy mlgnt bo nblo to fight In tho country. I say "fight" In foul fraterni ty. For Individual fighting with tho Bword did notbelon to their profession. Fnthor John, Landlord Jahn, was In tho war, whom ovorybody know to bo as cowardly as ho was foolish. Thoy know right woll that Gorman simplicity al ways looks upon coarseness as a sign of courage nnd maulluuss, although a glanco Into our prisons shows sufficient ly that thoro aro coarso villains nnd cowards. In Franco courngo Is pollto and well-bred, and If n pollto person incots you ho takes off his hatnndglovo. In Franco patriotism consists niso In lovo of ono's country, ai.d Franco is tho homo of civilization nnd human ad vancement. As h;s been said before, German patriotism, on tho contrary, consists iu a hntrod toward civilization and liberalism. Is It not truol Am I no patriot becauso I prnlso Franco? This is n peculiar element in patriotism and truo lovo of ono's country. Ono can lovo ono's fatherland nnd "livo for 80 j enrs in it nnd novor realize that ono loves it. But then ono must always hnvo remained nt homo. Tho vnluo of spring Is best known In winter, and be hind tho stovo tho best May songs nro written. Lovo of liberty Is a prison flower, nnd Its worth is first fell in cap tivity. Thus lovo of tho fatherland bo gins first on tho boundaries ol Ger many, but is porfootod when tho mis fortunes of tho fatherland nro seen from a foreign country. Ycstordny, whllo reading n book containing tho letter of ft dead friend, I trembled nt tho paco on whioh is do.crlbcd tho impressions of tno foreigner nt tho sight of your coun try folk in 1813. 1 shall hero writo tho dear words: "Tho wholo morning I havo shed many bitter tears of sympa thy and grief 1 Oh, I never know that loved my country so much! I nm llko ono who through physio has learned something of tho strength of his body, out wuo, wncn it la taken nwnv from him, falls down." Thnt is it! Ger mans. Thnt Is what wo aro. And, therefore, I suddenly becamo weak nnd 111 nt tho sight of that stranger, of thoso great blood streams thnt flowed from tho wounds of thnt fathorland und lost thomsolves ns In African sands. It was llko a groat loss, nnd I feel In my soul a keen pang. In vain I hushed myself with reasonablo arguments. The Longevity of the Ancients. ropular Science Monthly for Noi ember. Can man reacn und pass tho ago of a ' hundred years? is a question concern ing which physiologists havo different opinions. Button wns tho first oi;o in Franco to rniso tho question of tho ox tromo limit of human life. In his opin ion, man, becoming adult at ixticn, ought to livo to six tlmos that ago, or to ninety-slx years. Having leon oall od upon to account for tho phenomenal ages attributed by tho Blblo to tho patriarchs, ho risked tho following as explanation: "Before tho flood, tho earth was less solid, less compact, than ltisnotv. ho law of gravitation had acted for only a llttlo tlmo; tho produc tions of tho globe had less consistency, nnd tho body of man, bolng m;ro sup ple, was moro utscoptlblo of extension. Being ablo to grow for a longer timo, It should, In consequence livo for a longer .Imo than now." Tho Gorman Heuslor has suggested on tho samo point that tho ancients did not divide timo as wo do. Previous to tho ago of Abraham, tho yoar, among somo pooplo of tho East, was only threo months, or a season; so that thoy had a year of spring, ono of summer, ono of fall, nnd ono of winter. Tho year was oxtondod so as to consist of eight months after Abraham, and of twolro months after Josoph. Voltaire reject ed tho longevity assigned to tho patri archs of tho Bible, but accopted with out question tho storlos of too groat ages attained by somo mon In India, whoro. ho says, "It is not rare to soo old mon of ono hundred and twonty years." Tho ominent Fronoh physiologist, FIou- rons, lixing tho comploto development of man nt twonty yoars, toaohos that ho should livo fivo times as long ns It takes him to boconio in adult. According to this author, tho moment of a comploted dovelopmont may bo rocognlzod by tho fact of tho junction of the bonos with tholr apophyses. This junction takes placo li. horsos at livo yoars, and tho horse doos not livo beyond twonty-fivo yoars; with tho ox at four yoars, and it doos not livo ovor twontyyears; with tho cat at elghtoon monWv and that animal rarely lives ovorWVn years. With man, lts offootod iX twonty years, and ho oilntltfS"Vaw. beyond ono hundrVl yoars. Tfojjjfho physiologist ndmltsT'Ahowoyor, that hu man lifo may bo oxooptionally prolong ed under cortaln conditions of comfort, sobrloty, froodom from caro, regularity of habits, and obsorvnnco of tho rules uWiygJnno; and ho terminates his Inter esting study of tho last point ("Do la Longevlto humnlno") with tho apho rism, "Man kills hlmsolf rathor tlmo dies." Genoroslty An Abordoon toaohor, aftor reading to hor soholars tho story of a gonorous child, askod thm what generosity was? Ono llttlo Abordoon rahlng his hand, saids "I know; It's giving to othors what you don't want yourself "