THE COUNTY PAPER.
lly DOIIYNH V WALI.Klt.
8. V. O'FALLON. LEIOH 1RVINK
O'ft'AI.I.OX Ac IRVni!
ATTORNEYS - AT-LAW,
Will nrrtlro In ill courts of Missouri.
(!nlltlnni. mil all mannerof lceal business
will receive our promjit attention.
t-Olllce north (file o! Court House, OTer
Tlfiide'i Drug Store.
CHAS. W. THOMAS,
OnEOON, HOLT COUNTY, MO.
Collections made, Depositions taken, Convey-
tnclns done, l.cRai iniormauon given ami
era) Land and Law lluslncss attended to.
T. C. DUNGAN,
Will urni-tlre In nil Courts of MltPnurl. Kan
an, I on a and Nebraska. Ileal Estate business,
and Collections promptly attended to.
H. TEBBS ALKIRE,
Will tirflf ilr-f In all llin Courts of Missouri.
Real Estate and Collection buslnss promptly
Olllcc OTer gcliultc Pros. Store.
E. J. KELLOGG,
Will nmrtlrp In all the Courts of Missouri.
Real Estate and Collecting business promptly
Will practice In all Court. Real Estate bust
tiess and Collections promptly attended to.
A. II . JAMISON,
Real Estate, Insurance and Collecting
MOUND CITY, MO.
win practice In all the Courts of northwest
R. I. REA,
Notary Public and Real Estate Agent,
Will attend to all legal business Intrusted to
his care In all thcCourtsof Northwest Missouri,
lias for sale a large numlcr of choice business
MONTGOMERY & ROECKER,
Bankers and Brokers,
Loan Money, Buy Notes. Draw Drafts on all
Tirinclnal cities, and Collections Dromntlv made.
1'ay Taxes for non-residents; Loans negotiated
on real esiaie.anu investments maue on lavurn
bleterms. Interest allowed on Time Deposits,
H Fid & McDii
FOREST CITY, - - - MISSOURI.
mitANBACTS a eeneral banklnc business,
JL Bells exchange on the chief cities of the
United States and Europe. Allows Interest on
deposits when left a specified tlms. Collections
Tccelvo careful attention.
B. B. FRAZER, GEO. WEBER,
J. T. THATCHER, M. D.
OFFICE At residence, two doors north of
J. A. Reeves' Store; formerly residence of Levi
BAEBEB ailfl HAIR CUTTER
West Side Public Squire. Respectfully invites
the patronage of those having anything in the
narper, uair-uuttingor anampooning L.ine.
I. D. BEELER,
CHOICE WINES. LIQUORS AND CIGARS,
FOREST CITY, MO.
Bourbon and Rve Whiskies, and all Fancv and
Hot Drinks a specialty. Patronage respectfully
FOREST CITY, MO.
Our entire building is newly furnished
throughout; our location Is central, our rates
are low, our accommouauons-inciuaing
are unsurpassed, and we respectfully solicit a
liberal patronage from the traveling public.
B. B. FOSTER & BRO., Proprietors.
BOTH IMl'llOVEI) AND UNIMlTiOVEn
At nrlces ranelos from 12.50 to 35.00 per acre.
Some of the finest land in Northwest Missouri.
In both large and small tracts. Desirable town
nrorjertv In all the towns of Holt countv. Also.
a few fine farms In Kansas. Parties dejlrlnc to
either sell or buy land, will find it to their in
terest to address me at once, as I am constantly
Having cans lor an eraucs oi lanus, aim can
suit all purchasers
ir i.'mia At trim.
Attorney.at-Law, Oregon, sio.
Ylnt Term begins
Kent. 1!4, IHHI.
Nov. Ml. 1HH1.
Heroin! Teim begins
Third Term begins l'm. (I, 1NH'.,
Voarth Term lHtln April IT, IHHS,
Tuition, 5.uu per term or, ten weens.
Course of itudv thorouch and practical.
Hoarding In family $3.00 to $3.50 per week.
For further Information address,
C. I,. KHAUOII,
There was a million dollar firo nt
Manilla, China, Sept. 10th.
Tho Pennsylvania Iron markets nro
reported strong and advancing.
California's Stato tax has advanced
from Kicints In 1878 to 0TM cents In 1SS1
It Is understood that tho Now York
Central will put on n fast train to Chicago.
Tho winnings of American horses In
England and France tills year Is about 30,
Tho San Francisco ProducoExchango
hasclvcn tl.OOO to tho Garfield monument
By tho sinking of a ship's boat on tho
coast of France, Nov. 2nd, thirteen persons
An Atlanta broker has bought several
mllllons'of Con federate bonds and has been of'
fcrcd 120,000,000 more.
Tho stoamcr Calcutta, from Mel
Ixiurne to Sidney, foundered,, at sea recently
during a gale. All on board 33 person
Tho BI-Conicnnlnl Association at Phil
adclphlahas fixed from Oct. 23d, 1SK2, till the
37th for celebrating the landing of l'cnn upon
Fifty-six pounds of dynamite cxplod
ed In the house of a miner nt Rcdfcrn, Cillfor
nla, Nov. 2nd, blowing the building to pieces.
and destroying others near by.
In tho caso of Yocum against tho
Pittsburg, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad, nn
action for damage, ?147,00O for loss of cattle,
verdict has lccn glvcaby the Jury for the
Tho Phoenix Planing Mill, St. Louis
burned Nov. 2nd. Loss, $.10,000; Insurance,
120,000. On the same day John King's lard re-
finery, St. Louis, was damaged by fire to n large
amount Insurance, $20,000.
A passenger train on tho Knnsas and
Texas road was thrown from the track by
mule near Scdalla, Mo., on the night of Oct,
28th. James J. Wagner, the engineer,
killed, and the fireman severely Injured.
By tho explosion of a steam boiler
connected with a threshing machine, at Mart-
villc, N. Y., Oct. 2Sth, Frank Mlllman was
killed and eight others Injured, some of whom
will die. Low water in tho boiler was 11
Tho Vnndcrbllt roads nnnounco an
advance of 2J cents per 100 pounds freight as
follows: From Chicago to Baltimore, Phllodcl
phlanndNcw York, 20 cents on grain, and a
cents on provisions; to Boston, 25 cents on
grain, and 30 cents on provisions.
A dispatch says tho Apaches havo
mado their appcarancoln Sonora, killing a fam
lly near a ranchc at Santa Cruz, and running
off stock. Gen. Otcrs In command of the
troops, has sent a force to co-opcrato with the
American soldiers, who arc supposed to bo In
pursuit of them.
A Now York firm prints an advertise
ment In Chicago papers offering S2.C0 per f 1000
for one thousand to one million dollars of Con
federate bonds maturing In 1805. Largo
amounts of Confederate bonds havo been pur
chased at Agusta, Georgia, at from 10 to til
Tho Chicago Board of Trado has
voted to admit non-residents of Chicago to Its
membership and to Incicaso tho rate of com
mission for handling corn and seeds to one
cent per bushel, the previous rate being half a
cent. This commission is entirely distinct from
tho brokerage charged for trading.
Tho defalcation in tho Newark Na
tional bank has. caused tho President to call
the attention of tho acting Secretary of tho
Treasury to tho system of bank examinations.
He says tho Newark defalcation shows cither
that the bank examinations nro Inefficient, or
their Inspection of the books of tho National
banks Is merely momlnal, or their insjwctlons
so Infrequent as to bo of no practical account
In detecting frauds.
Crime and CrlmlnulH.
A special to tho Galveston Kctvs from
San Antonio, Texas, says a Jury has convicted
William Petty of stage robbery, and fixed the
penalty at 00 years In the penctentiary.
Archibald King, proprietor of King's
dairy at Flndlav, 111., committed suicide on tho
night of Oct. "Stb, by banging hlmsslf In his
barn with a halter. Cause, family trouble.
Augustus D. Wheolock, jook keeper
for J. C. Wolcott&Co., New York, charged
with the embezzlement of $55,000, has arrived
from Europe and given ball in the' sum of $5,-
James Iluggos, property man for
ITagues minstrels, disappeared from Buffalo,
N. Y., on the night of Nov. 1st, taking about
$3,000 worth of diamonds, presents to Hague
Tho Now York Oraphie says it Is
known that Baldwin, cashier of the Mechanic's
National bank ot Newark, lost a great dealot
money In coal shares about tho time of the coal
war, and he has been dabbling In Wall street
for a great many years. Sometimes he made
money, but he was oftcner loser, and was
frequently robbed by tho professional pointers
II. McGuiro, a Chicago tobacconist,
has been closed out In his business by his New
York and Chicago creditors. Ills shortage Is
about $11,000, and Is due chiefly to a plausible
and accomplished young villain named Iliai,
who while acting as clerk for him has been
syitamatlcally fleecing him for about a year,
Haas recently disappeared, leaving a six-page
letter behind full of good advice to his vtctlmlz
New From Abroad.
A ctowd of seven hundred persons
attacked the police while serving a summons at
Relnulted, county Mayo. Tho police fired upon
the people and several wero wounded. Parncll
published a letter dated at Kllmalnham all,
dsprecatlng the plan of evading tho recent pro
clamation of tho government by the formation
ot tenants' defense associations to replace the
Land League organization, He says
such associations would bo tolerated
byOladstono only so long as they appear-
to bo disposed to carry out bis views, and
would bo mongrel, reactionary associations,
such as wcro formerly condemned by Divltt,
Every man In Kllmalnham is Willing to remain
thero any number ot months, or years, that
may bo necessary,
Tho Secretary of tho Llvorpool
branch of the Lund League telegraphs Qlad
stono as follows! "The elections yesterday
show how your resources of civilization are ap
preciated by 150,000 Irish citizens here." Two
thousand tenant fanners ot countv Limerick
have resolved to apply to the Land Commission
to fix a Judicial rent or set aside tho unjust
leaves. Disturbances continue at liclmullct.
county Mayo, and thus far four persons
wounded In the late affray ate dead, and six
more deaths arc expe. ted. Two hundred mili
tary arc on the sot. Tho roadi leading to
,glow nrc blockaded with stones, and the
bridge has been broken down for the purpose of
mpcdlng the rnllltury movement, (lllhooly,
Secretary of county Cork Land League has been
Orovy asked Gambotta to tako offlco,
and the latter has consented. It was agreed
that GambctU might assume the Presidency of
the Council, with or without a portfolio.
An encounter took placo Sept. ICth,
near Nlngpo, between a Chinese gunboat and
pirates. Upwards of 200 pirates were slain or
drowned themselves. Nino were captured allvo
and about seventy escaped. Eleven pirate boats
wcro taken. The pirates were In shallow water
and the gunboats liclngunablo to get near them,
lowered their boats and fought In them.
Tho Po'tco In St. Petersburg mado
an Important capture. Suspicion having been
directed to the Inmates of n house In a respect
able quarter of the city, the jiollce surrounded
tho placo at night, burst open the doors and
seized men and women who were keeping dan,
gerous explosives. Recently n number of N'l
hlllst proclamations were distributed about the
city, and several copies were thrown Into the
barracks of tho Imperial guards. It Is stated
that tho Czarbas recently received many threat-
enlng missives. Five employes of the Czar's
palace at Gatchlna were arrested, and ono has
revealed the plot to repeat at Gatchlna, the
winter palace explosion, when the attempt was
made to kill the late Czar. Many of the naval
olllccrs have received copies of the revolution
ary proclamation, summoning them to
Join the cause ot liberty and Justice.
POOR BOY'S RECORD.
A Few ol Them Who Havo Become Presl
dents of tho United States.
Tho socond President of tho Unltod
States, John Adams, was tho son of n
farmer of modorato means, who was
conipollcd to work constantly for tho
support of his f inn lly. When, it tho
ugo of twenty, tho son graduated nt
Hnrvnrd college, his education was his
own capital for his start in actlvo life.
Andrew Jackson was born in a log
hut in Lvxtrcmo poverty. Ho grow up
in tho woods of North Carolina, living
in tho homo of a relative, whero his
mother worked to support herself and
her thrco children.
James K. Polk, tho eleventh Presl
dent, spent his early days on a farm in
tho wilderness of North Ci rollna. Ills
father placed him in a store with tho
intention that ho should enter merenu
tllo life; but his disliko for business wns
so groat that nt tho ago of eighteen, ho
win sent to tho Murfrccsborough nend'
emy to fit htm for college.
Millard Filmoro was tho son of a New
York farmer, and his homo wns nn
humble one. When ho was fourteen
years of ago ho was sent nway from
homo to learn tho business of a clothier,
But livo years later ho entered a law
oillco, and at tho ago of twenty-throe
was admitted to tho bar.
James Buchanan was born in a small
town of tho Allegheny mountains. Ills
father was poor, and by his own ax
built his homo in tho wilderness. When
James was eight years of ago ho was
placed at school, and six years later en
terod Dickinson college, whero hograd
uatcd with tho highest honors.
It is well known that Abraham Lin
coin was tho son of parents who wero
tno poorest ol tuo poor. J. ill l.o wns
moro than iwenty-ouo his homo was a
log cabin. His attendance at school
was limited to a few mouths. From
early lifo ho was compelled to dopond
on himself not only for his living, but
also for his success in his buslnoas and
In his profession.
At tho ago of ten Androw Johnson
was apprenticed to a tailor. Previously
his mother had supportrd him by hor
own labor. Ho was novor ablo, It Is
was said, to attond school. His educa
tion ho gained by his own efforts nt
night, after working all day at his trado,
and by tho help of his wlfo.
Tho early homo of General Grant,
also, on tho banks of the Ohio, moro
than fifty years ago, was without many
of tho comforts of civilized life. Till
ho was seventeen, when ho was sent to
West Point, ho lived tho lifo of a com
James A. Garfield, llko so many of
his predecessors, was born in a log hut.
When ho was a year and a half old his
father dlod. Tho family wns poor,
When ho had hardly onterod his teens
ho was doing a man's work in tho har
vest Hold. Ho worked on tho Ohio
eanal. IIo was determined, howovor.
to havo an education, and, loavlng his
piano and his soytho, ho worked his
way through tho preparatory school,
and, with somo holp from frionds, was
ablo to graduate from Williams college
Tho lives of many of tho presidents
provo that no boy is so poor but that ho
may hope to attain tho highest honrs
which tho American pooplo can givo.
Anitlnorant preacher in Michigan
was invited lniormaity to uino at a
houso whoro ho called in tho country.
To provido for tho omorgonoy thoy
slaughtered a pot hen belonging to a
little boy of tho household, who was in
consolablo nt his loss. After dinner
prayer was proposed, and whllo tho
.proachor was prating a lonesome
chicken wandoring under tho houso cry
lug dismally for its dead mothor. Tho
grioving uino uoy put ms moutn to a
holo In tho floor and shouted in a loud
whisper: "ChlokoyI ohlokoyl I didn't
kill your mammy tho naughty folks
killed her for that big preaehor's din-
norl" Tho "anion" camo suddonly,
Hero's a positive fact that occurred
in ono of tho publlo schools recently
A small boy was askod to name somo
part of bis own body, lie thought a
momont and thon replied. "Bowols
which are fivo in numbor a, e, I, o, u
and somotlmos w and y."
EPri, THE SNAKE-TAMER.
Struggling with a Boa ConstrletorA Snako
mat weignea 300 rounds,
New York 8tr,
"Tho buslnoss of snako-oharmlng
ain't what It used to bo, and don't you
forget !t," said old Eph Sowoll to a
Star reporter a fovv days ago. "Nowa
days a snako-oharmor will havo two or
thrco tamed roptllos and pretend to do
a great deal. In tho good old times no
man who cared to risk his reputation
boforo tho publlo as n snnko-charmor
dnro to think of having a cng of loss
than a dozen rattlors, snapper.), and
In tho early days of Barnum'sMuseum,
Eph Sowoll was ono of tho greatest at
tractions. Ho had chargo of a cage of
reptiles from many lands, nnd nt every
porformanco always mado it a point to
go Into tho cngo and Ho down with tho
collection. In tho courso of tlmo his
health became greatly Impaired from
Inhaling thopolsonousatmosphcroof tho
cngo. and fits skin boenmo mottled and
broken liko that of a snako. Physicians
ordered him to seek a changoof cllmato
nrd avocation, and ho forsook tho pro
fession of snake-charming and wont to
tho West Indlos. After a few years'
sojourn in that mild cllmato his healtl
was restored, and ho ndoplcd anotho
calling by way of earning n livelihood
Old Eph1 s hands nnd faco are covered
with scars which havo been inflicted by
serpents' fangs, and ho novcr tired of
narrating snaky Incidents of tho days
when ho enjoved tho sobriquet of "Tho
"To handlo snakes successfully," tho
old man continued, as ho leaned up
against tho box-oillce of Bunnell's Mu
seum, "ono must not bo afraid of tho
sleek-skinned rascals. Snakes nro lust
llko human beings In ninny respect';
when thoy get hold of nn arrant coward
or timid porson, somo fun Is bound to
ensue. I wns bitten four times in ouo
day onco by a lot of little Jcrsoy Pino
snakes, and if I had not choked nnd
beaten tho offenders half to death, tholr
companions would have mado It a point
to havo sampled mo daily. As It was
I mado It so hot for thorn thntthov
would nil Ho In my bosom nnd hiss ven-
gcanco nt tho spectators."'
"Did you over consldor your lifo in
danger from nn attack by reptiles? '
asked Managor George O. Starr.
"Well, there havo been times when
I would havo felt more comfortable nt a
table 'enjoying a good dinner. On ouo
occasion thnt I now iccnll I introduced
myself to tho largest boa-constrictor
over brought to this country. He wns
18 feet in length, nnd weighed over 300
pounds. IIo had been in tho country
two W6eks, nnd llarnum was obliged to
pay a good prlco to get hold of him,
When I went Into tho enrro. I saw thnt
ho had becomo monarch of tho concern.
Tho remaining snakes wcro
AS 8U11MISSIVK AS MICU.
and whon thoy crawled ovor to erect
mo his lordship looked wicked. I
caught him in lny arms, and ho reared
his head until it rested upon my left
shoulder. Lifting him ns much ns pos
sible, I passed him around my body,
and ho apparently Imagined that ho
was embracing a treo In his native
jungle. Ho tightened his coil, nnd a
feeling liko I was being slowly suffoca
ted camo ovor mo. Quicker than a
Hash I caught him back of his head, and
by a desporato effort wrenched myself
frco. Then wo both got angry. Tho
boa camo townrdme, and I caught him
by the thro it. I was strong enough to
hold him at arm's length desnito his
struggles, and in a few moments ho
gavoup tho fight, and relaxed his coils
Then I shook him until ho wns thor
oughly alarmed, and ovor afterward ho
was submissivo Had I pormitted his
colls to close about mo, no earthly
agonoy could havo saved mo.
"I onco interfered botwoon two largo
black snakos that wore having a froo
tight, and thoy bit mo two or thrco
times each before I could gain tho mas
tery. Snakes nro quick to learn, and
thoy novcr forgot a face. I handled
ono for two yoars, and thon ho was sold
to a travoling exhibition. Elghtoon
months lator I paused
IN FRONT OF ASNAKE-OAOE
in Baltimore, and my pot was among
tho collection. Ho rnlsod his hoad and
tapped on I ho glass boforo I reoognlzod
him, nnd appeared just as happy to soo
mo as though I was a lonf.nhsnnt
brother. Whon koopors are changod
tho snakes nro quick to resent it. Somo
years ago I was travollngwlthBarnum.
and at Indianapolis wont off on a hur
rah. At that timo tho snakos had to bo
performed, wero a vital attraction, and
Foejoo Jim was substituted for mo.
IIo was unablo to handlo but two out
of tho tho ton, and Coup was so happy
that ho almost kissed mo whon I rejoin
ed tho show. Snakos aro splondld eat
ing. Ono day I determined to kill a
small boa that was alwavs making
trouble with tho collection, and did so,
What aro you going to do with tho car
cass?" askod a follow who had gono
through Bi azll. I replied that I would
do nothing! nnd thon ho porsuadod mo
to cook II. Wo cooked It togethor, aud
found it far suporlor to young squirrel
Aftorward, In tho Wost Indlos nnd In
Moxico, I nlways rogardod snakos for
tho tablo with high favor."
"Do you ovor Intond to go into tho
snako-oharming business again?"
"No. I nm growing old, nnd wl
loavo tho younger mombors of tho pro
fession somothing to do; but I do be
llovo that If I could go Into a big oago
iuu 01 HnaKos onco moro, and oat,
drink, and sloop with thom ns I usod to
uo, 11 wouui nitiKo mo teei ton years
Women. Youuir or Old.
married or single. If out of health, will be
greatly benefitted by taking Kliney-Wort.
In either dry or liquid form It It an effectual
remedy for some of their moat trnuhlMinmn
THE SLIM TEACHER.
How He Managed the Nctioot nt Cranherr
"Mister, no doubt you havo nil tho
lcarnln that's required In a school
teacher, but it wants moro than learn
in' to mnVo a man ablo to teach school
iu Cranberry Gulch. You'll soon find
that out if you try. Wo'vo had three
who tried it on. Ono lays thoro in tho
graveyard; anoiher lost his oy'o; tho
last one oponod school nnd left before
noon-time, for tho benefit of ha health.
Ho hasn't been back slnco. Now,
you're a siondor build, and all your
lonrnln' will only moko it worso, tor nil
our young folks aro roughs, and don't
stand no nonsense"
This wns what ono of tho trustees of
tho district said to my friond Harry
Flotoc, when he applied for tho vacant
pest of teacher.
"Let mo try. I know I am slender,
bu1 1 am tough, and havo a strong will,"
"Jest as you llko. There's tho school
house, nnd I'll havo tho notico given If
you want it done," said tho trustee
"i uo," saiu iiarry, "and ru open
noxt Monday nt 9 n. 111
Tho notico was givoit and thoro wns a
good deal of excitement in tho gulch
and along tho Yubu Ants. More than
fifty young pooplo of both soxos mado
an oxcuso to drop Into tho tavern to got
a sight at tho follow who thought ho
could keep school in that district, and
mnnya contomptuous glanco fell on tho
slcndor form nnd youthful faco of tho
TUB SCHOOL OPENS.
Eight o'clock on Monday morning
camo, nnd Harry Flotoo went down to
tho school houso with a koy In onohnnd
and n valise In tho othor.
"Ready to slopo, If ho finds wo'rotoo
much forhlm,'" said a cross-eyed, broad-
shouldon d follow of 18.
Tho school houso was unlocked, and
tho now teacher went to his desk. Somo
of tho folks wont to soo what ho was go
ing to do, though school was not called.
Iiarry opened his vnliso and took out
a largo bolt. Then, nfter buckling It
around his wnlst, ho put thrco Colt's
navy revolvers thoro, each six barrels,
and n bowio kuifo eighteen inches in tho
"Thunder, ho means business!-' mut
tered tho oross-oyed youth.
Tho now teacher now took out n
square card about four inches oach way,
walked to tho other end of tho school
house, nnd tacked it up against tho
wall. Hoturning to his desk, ho drew a
revolver from his belt, nnd, qulo as
thought, sent ball nfter ball Into tho card,
till there wore six balls in a spot not
much largor than n dollar.
By this timo thoschool houso was half
full of largo boys and girls. Tho llttlo
ones wero afraid to como In.
Then tho teacher wnlked half way
down tho room with nbowlo-kuifo in his
hand, and throw It with so truo a hand
that It stuck, quivering, in tho center of
IIo left It there, nnd quietly put two
mord of tho snmo kind In his bolt nnd
reloaded his yot smoking pistol.
"it ing tho boll; I am about to opon
Ho spoko to tho cross-eyed boy, tho
bully of tho crowd, and tho boy rang
1'ltAVKlt AND 1'ISTOI.S,
"Tho scholars will tako their scats; I
open school with a prayer," ho said,
sternly, livo minutes lator.
Tho scholars sat down silontly, al
most breathless. After tho praver tho
toachor cocked a revolver and walked
down on tho floor.
Wo will arrange tho classes," ho
said. All who can rend and spoil will
rise. Of thom wo will form tho ilret
Only six got up. IIo escorted them
to uppor seats, and thon ho began to ex
amino tho rest. A whisper was hoard
behind him. In r. second ho whiclod,
revolver in hand
"No whisporing nllowod horel" ho
tbundored, and for nn instant his revol
ver lay on a level with tho cross-ood
boy s head
"I'll not do so any more," gaspod tho
"Seo you do not. I novor give a soc
ond warning," said tho teacher, and tho
It took two hours to organize tho
classes, but when dono thoy wero all
Thon camo recess. Tho toachor wont
out too, for tho room was crowded and
hot. A hawk was circling overhead
high In tho air. Tho teachor drew his
rovolvor, nd tho noxt second tho hawk
came tumbling down among tho won -
trorn that day on Harry kept school
two years In Cranberry Gulch; his sal
ary doubled after tho first quarter, and
his pupils learned to lovo as well as re
spect him, and tho rovolvors wore out
of sight within a month,
Thoy had found a man at last who'
could kcop school. This is a fact.
Oyster-Fishing with the Dredge,
ropular Science Monthly for November.
Tho oystor-flshory in thoso localities
is cirrlod on in two ways, olthor by
"longing" or "dredging. ' Tho first
mot hod, being confinod to small areas
and to a limited numbor ot fishorman,
and suscoptlblo of uso but In shoal wa
ter, nood not bo consldorod, Tho sec
ond mothod of taking tho oystow is as
follows: tho implemont used is called a
dredgo, or scrapo, and resembles a
largo iron olaw, tho mils representing
tho tooth of tho dredgo. To tho baok
of this olaw, or tho dredge, is fastened
a bag of iron mesh-work, largo enough
to hold two or throe bushels. When
tho dredgo is dragged along tho bottom
tho tooth or claws dig up tho oysters
and slioUs, which pass botweon thom
and into tho notwork behind. Tho ac
tion is somowhat llko that of n harrow.
Tho dredges vary greatly In slzo, being
from two to fivo foot across tho mouth,
and of greater or less weight, nccordlng
to tho dopth of water In which It is In
tended to uso them. Tho drcdglng
vcssols vary In slzo from fivo to thirty
tons, and nil uso two dredges. When
on tho oystor-ground tho dredges are
droppod ono from each sldo, and a suf
ficient amount of lino paid out to insure
tho "taking" of tho teeth; tho vessol is
thon kept under easy sail and at a mod
orato spi.cd until tho dredges aro full,
that being Indicated by tho strain on the
drcdglng-llno nnd'byothcr signs known
to tho fishormon. The instrument is
thon hauled in by means of n small
winch, the contents emptied on tho dock,
nnd tho dredgo put ovor again. This is
continued until tho vessol is near the
odgo of tho bed, whon tno dredges are
recovered, tho vessel put about, nnd tho
drodglngresumedlu nnopposlto courso.
Whllo tho dredges nro In tho water, '.tho
mud, sand, sponge, grass, or other de
bris brought up nro sopnratod from tho
oysters, and, together with all tho oys
tors unfit for market, thrown back into
tho water. Tho limits of tho dredging
grounds nro not accurately doflnod, nnd
tho vcssols frequently drag largo num
bers of Bholls and oysters somo dlstnnco
beyond tho boundary of tho beds. Tho
dredge, especially when full, nets ns n
sorapo, andjcarrles boforo it muchjthat
would bo collected In tho notwork at
tached to it, had that rcccptaclo been
opon. After "culling" tho oysters, or
separating them from tho old shells,
thoso shells nro thrown back again ami
with them' mnny young oysters.
Tlie United Service.
In tho ordinary acceptation of tho
word, Cornwallis was not what tho
world considers n hnndsomo man, but
thoro was somothing nbout him thnt
was peculiarly nttractivo. "IIo was
short and thick-sot, his hair somowhat
gray, his faco well formed nnd agrcea-
blo, his manners remarkably easy and
affable much bolovcd by his men."
This Is ono pen-portrait of tiro "rood
nnd gallant" Cornwallis. Tho follow
ing is another from Watson's "Anrnls
of Now York," pago.'M'J: "Lord Corn
wallis in por.soi. wa? short nnd thick
sot, but not so corpulont as Sir Henry.
Uinton.j Ho hnd a lmndsviuo nqui-
lino nose, nnd hair, when young, rather
incl'nod to sandy, but at tho timo of his
loavlng hero (New York) it hnd becomo
somowhat era?. His faco was well
formed and a ireoable, and would havo
been altogether lino had ho not blinked
bndly with his loft oyo. Ho was un
commonly easy and aliablo In his mat-
nor and nlways accosslblo to tho lowest
of his soldiers, by who:u ho was gioatly
Dulovcd. With his ofllcors ho usod tho
utmost cordiality." When tho British
occupied 1'hiliidolphla. In 1777, "oary
In tho nftcrnoon" "of that solomn'Mid
imprcsslvo day," according to tho
"Diary of a Young Lady" quoted in
Watson's "Annals of Philadelphia."
C83 "Lord Cornwallls's suito arrived
nnd took possession of my mother's
house. But my mother wns nppallvd by'
tho nuraoious train which took posses
sion of her dwelling, and shrank from
having such inmates, for a guard was
mountod at tho uoor.and ihoyatd filled
with soldiers and baggago of all descrip
tion; and I well remember whit wo
thought of tho haughty looks of Lord
Rawdou and tho other nldo-do-cnmp as
thuy travorscd tho apartments. My
mothor desired to spent to Lord Corn
wallis, and ho nttended her in tho front
parlor. Sho told him of hor situation,
nnd how impossiblo it would bo for hor
to stay in her own houso with such a
numerous train as composed his lord
ship's establishment. Ho bohavod with
great politonoss to hor, said ho should
bo sorry to glvo trouble, and would
havo othor quaitcrs looked out for him;
thoy withdrew that very afternoon."
Such is tho invarlablo testimony of
thoso who did not regard him with tho
malovolonco of prejudlco or tho hatred
following punlshmont. Opinion nd
vorso to him is based in n moasuro on
his summary oxooutlons at tho South of
Individuals taken and executed, '"rod
ha," after shooting down bis mon,
with arms in their hands, still warm
and blackened with powder, with Brit
sh protections in tholr pockets. In tho
rtry South whioh oxocrntos tho Union
oj Icors who wore oompolled to ctrry
lio, in comparison to tho mannor In
lvhleh war Is appllod in Europo, admin
Istnrtd Its nnoi'ssltlns with itIovai! hnnita
Ptho amenities of Cornwallis aro borno
f lin grateful romembranoo and recorded
jwlth tender regard, whioh Is lnaston
Ishlng contrast to tho bltternoss ongon'
dorsTl by tho passago of Sherman. "His
m that of Cornwallis In North Caro-
M ! 1 Ttt I.I. f - innrt i . rn , 1
liun uuu viiiuiu ill mou nuu iioij was
very apparently to conciliate If possl
bla"x to teach tho neopla to look to him
rtfortprotootion nnd n good Govornmont.
"Io was a gentleman and an
accomplished statesman, as woll as a
ooneumnto soldier. Ho woll know' who
ovorcomos by forco hatlijfroreomobut
unit ins loo" "
A porformor in tho Faubourg Saint
Germain has just compounded a now
porfumo. It is having a groat salo. Ho
t "mo uaour oi sanctity."
lAlmoMt Ynniiar Airiilii
Mv I'hother was nflllcted a loner time with
Neural itaard a dull, heavy Inictlvo condition
ot tho whole Bvsteni: headache, nervous tiros
tratlon, and was almost helpless. No physicians
or medicines did her uny good. Three months
ago she began to use Hop Hitters, with such
gooa cueci inai sue seems ami reels youni
ugaln, although over 70 years old.
meiM is no outer meaicino III
to usn In tha
lamuy," a laay in rroviucuce, it. I, journal,
Everything has for n long tlmo boon
fatal to mon that bears tho namo of pa
triotism. Yes. at ono tlmo tho thing
would havo disgusted mo when I bohold
thoso masquerades of n ivonturou fools
who gonornlly mado a trado of patriotism-provided
themselves with suitable
occupations, and distributed themselves
as martyrs, journeymen nnd appren-i
tlcos, nnd combined into corporations
that thoy mlgnt bo nblo to fight In tho
country. I say "fight" In foul fraterni
ty. For Individual fighting with tho
Bword did notbelon to their profession.
Fnthor John, Landlord Jahn, was In tho
war, whom ovorybody know to bo as
cowardly as ho was foolish. Thoy know
right woll that Gorman simplicity al
ways looks upon coarseness as a sign of
courage nnd maulluuss, although a
glanco Into our prisons shows sufficient
ly that thoro aro coarso villains nnd
cowards. In Franco courngo Is pollto
and well-bred, and If n pollto person
incots you ho takes off his hatnndglovo.
In Franco patriotism consists niso In
lovo of ono's country, ai.d Franco is tho
homo of civilization nnd human ad
vancement. As h;s been said before,
German patriotism, on tho contrary,
consists iu a hntrod toward civilization
and liberalism. Is It not truol Am I
no patriot becauso I prnlso Franco? This
is n peculiar element in patriotism and
truo lovo of ono's country. Ono can
lovo ono's fatherland nnd "livo for 80
j enrs in it nnd novor realize that ono
loves it. But then ono must always
hnvo remained nt homo. Tho vnluo of
spring Is best known In winter, and be
hind tho stovo tho best May songs nro
written. Lovo of liberty Is a prison
flower, nnd Its worth is first fell in cap
tivity. Thus lovo of tho fatherland bo
gins first on tho boundaries ol Ger
many, but is porfootod when tho mis
fortunes of tho fatherland nro seen from
a foreign country. Ycstordny, whllo
reading n book containing tho letter of
ft dead friend, I trembled nt tho paco
on whioh is do.crlbcd tho impressions of
tno foreigner nt tho sight of your coun
try folk in 1813. 1 shall hero writo tho
dear words: "Tho wholo morning I
havo shed many bitter tears of sympa
thy and grief 1 Oh, I never know that
loved my country so much! I nm
llko ono who through physio has learned
something of tho strength of his body,
out wuo, wncn it la taken nwnv from
him, falls down." Thnt is it! Ger
mans. Thnt Is what wo aro. And,
therefore, I suddenly becamo weak nnd
111 nt tho sight of that stranger, of thoso
great blood streams thnt flowed from
tho wounds of thnt fathorland und lost
thomsolves ns In African sands. It was
llko a groat loss, nnd I feel In my soul
a keen pang. In vain I hushed myself
with reasonablo arguments.
The Longevity of the Ancients.
ropular Science Monthly for Noi ember.
Can man reacn und pass tho ago of a '
hundred years? is a question concern
ing which physiologists havo different
opinions. Button wns tho first oi;o in
Franco to rniso tho question of tho ox
tromo limit of human life. In his opin
ion, man, becoming adult at ixticn,
ought to livo to six tlmos that ago, or
to ninety-slx years. Having leon oall
od upon to account for tho phenomenal
ages attributed by tho Blblo to tho
patriarchs, ho risked tho following as
explanation: "Before tho flood, tho
earth was less solid, less compact, than
ltisnotv. ho law of gravitation had
acted for only a llttlo tlmo; tho produc
tions of tho globe had less consistency,
nnd tho body of man, bolng m;ro sup
ple, was moro utscoptlblo of extension.
Being ablo to grow for a longer timo,
It should, In consequence livo for a
longer .Imo than now."
Tho Gorman Heuslor has suggested
on tho samo point that tho ancients did
not divide timo as wo do. Previous to
tho ago of Abraham, tho yoar, among
somo pooplo of tho East, was only threo
months, or a season; so that thoy had a
year of spring, ono of summer, ono of
fall, nnd ono of winter. Tho year was
oxtondod so as to consist of eight
months after Abraham, and of twolro
months after Josoph. Voltaire reject
ed tho longevity assigned to tho patri
archs of tho Bible, but accopted with
out question tho storlos of too groat
ages attained by somo mon In India,
whoro. ho says, "It is not rare to soo old
mon of ono hundred and twonty years."
Tho ominent Fronoh physiologist, FIou-
rons, lixing tho comploto development
of man nt twonty yoars, toaohos that ho
should livo fivo times as long ns It takes
him to boconio in adult. According to
this author, tho moment of a comploted
dovelopmont may bo rocognlzod by tho
fact of tho junction of the bonos with
tholr apophyses. This junction takes
placo li. horsos at livo yoars, and tho
horse doos not livo beyond twonty-fivo
yoars; with tho ox at four yoars, and it
doos not livo ovor twontyyears; with
tho cat at elghtoon monWv and that
animal rarely lives ovorWVn years.
With man, lts offootod iX twonty
years, and ho oilntltfS"Vaw.
beyond ono hundrVl yoars. Tfojjjfho
physiologist ndmltsT'Ahowoyor, that hu
man lifo may bo oxooptionally prolong
ed under cortaln conditions of comfort,
sobrloty, froodom from caro, regularity
of habits, and obsorvnnco of tho rules
uWiygJnno; and ho terminates his Inter
esting study of tho last point ("Do la
Longevlto humnlno") with tho apho
rism, "Man kills hlmsolf rathor tlmo
Genoroslty An Abordoon toaohor,
aftor reading to hor soholars tho story
of a gonorous child, askod thm what
generosity was? Ono llttlo Abordoon
rahlng his hand, saids "I know; It's
giving to othors what you don't want
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