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The County paper. (Oregon, Mo.) 1881-1883, January 06, 1882, Image 3

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061416/1882-01-06/ed-1/seq-3/

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MIT PORTION.
Oftott retry.
Very little of gold bare t.
Wealth and station have passed mo by,
But something sweet In my life I hold
Tlint 1 would not change for plico or gold.
Itcncath my fect the green earth lies,
Above my" befd ore the lender skies.
I live between two heavens; my eyes
'.Look out to when.', serene and sweet, ,
At the world's far rim tho two heavens meet.
I hear the whisperings of tho brecitf,
"Tho sweet, imall tumults nmld tho trees:
And many a message comes to mo
On the wing of bird, In tho hum of bee,
From the mountain peak and the surging sea.
E'en silence speaks with voice so clear, .
I lean my very heart to' hear,
And all abovo mo and nil nrdund
Light and darkness and sight and sound
To soul and tense such, meanings bring,
1 thrill with a rapturous wondering;
And I know by many a subtlo sign
That the very best of life Is mine.
And yet, as I spell each messngo o'er,
I long and long for a dcctier loro;
I long to sco and I long to hear
'With n clearer vision, a truer car ;
And I pray with tho keenest of all dcslro
For Hps that arc touched by tho aliar lire.
Patience, oh, Soul I from n little field
There 'cometh often a gracious yield ;
Who t6uchcth this garment's hem Is healed.
FAMI, GAIu'eN "AND HOUSE-HOLD.
Feed tho Caws.
X. B. Coffin.
Now 'who of us lmvo tho "sniul" to
cnll out uulll wo get down lo the nuni
bor wo know wo enn winter nml bring
them lotho nrxt grnssln good finoslmpu.
Ton of your best cows well wintered will
bo worth nioro than fifteen "spring poor"
will when grass corner. Hero Is whoro
tho sand comos In. Who of us can nud
will just go at It and cut down till wo
know our liny and grain just balances
what stock wo havo to wlntor? Remem
ber bow terribly poor alniot all tho cows
woro last spring. It took half tho sum
mer to got them un Into shape, and somo
of them nro poor now. A woll fed cow
through tho wlntor is tho good cow
through tho summer. Corn is high now
wo know, but tho best buyer a man has
for his corn is a good cow. Sho may
want to buy on a littlo timo, but sho is
ns good as tho bank. Sho will pny it
all u next summer and with good in
terest Just try it thfs winter. Feed to
1 tho cows from two to four quarts of moal
a day and what good hay, corn-stalks,
and straw thoy will oat, and ntoro coru
fortablo qunrtors, and wo'll sign tho
noto thoy glvo for tho corn. Wo'll risk
It.
liaising lleef Cuttle.
If atlonnl I.tvc Stock Journal.
Tliosu who vnisu and feed beef catllo
will II nd "it of gical advantage to mnr
kot their own .tock by shipping and
soiling it at somo 0110 of tho great mar
kets of tho country. Whoro 'this is not
convenient tho desired ond may bo ac
complished by .asking 11 personal visit
tosomo of tho oxtensivo stock tirils
This will esnociallv bo of advantairo if
tills visit can bo mndn during tho timo
, their own cattlo aro on sale.
A gentleman of my acquaintance,
who feeds a lino lot of cattle each year,
and who, for profit and convenience,
soils them at homo, quietly gots on tho
cars and visits tho stock yards about
tho timo his cattlo aro to bo in tho mar
kot. Ho says ho finds this of advan
tage in buying, breeding and feeding.
Tho lessons aro so iustructivo, ho says,
that it pays in dollars and conts to pay
railroad faro and tako tho timo from
his lararo and extensive businoss. As
- rj
his cattlo command tho highest prices,
from their quality, and aro readily sold
sometimes six months beforo delivery
and there is every evidence that ho is
mnkiiiEr monov. wo havo roasou to be-
liovo lils methods aro good.
Farmers too often sell to local ship
pers who, for tho purpose of buying at
tho lowest possible rates, misrepresent
tho state of tho market, as woll as tho
quality of 3lock most in request and
commanding tho highest prices. Act
ing upon such information alono, s
brooder or feeder may mako un oxpen-
dlturo of timo and nionoy that would
bo wrong, and tako years to othorwiso
find tho error of his ways.
bklmmcd Milk,
Dr. Footo'a Health .Monthly.
I Dr. Brush of Mount Vernon, N. Y
hat written to tho Medical Record a son
I siblo protost against tho wanton wasto
! of skimmed milk, which is frequently
seized and poured into tho gutter by tho
inspectors of tho Hoard of Health.
Tnero is. ho says, no roason to rogarJ
skimmed or oven watered milk as inju
rious to hoalth or innutrltious, aud for
babios and adults with weak stomachs
it is preferred to milk whioh is rioh In
fat. Ho quotes authorities who state
that oven calves thrive host on skimmed
milk, not becnuso in a stato of nature
their mother's milk would bo too ricli
for tin m, but bcoauso ns cows aro fed
and continually milked, tho secretion
becomes unnaturally rloh in solid nud
fatty constituents. It is further argued
that whon children aro fed upon over
rich milk, a portion of tho fat passes
through thorn unabsorbed, aud conse
quently Llobig proposed tho uso of
Bkinimed Vnllk of cows in tho prepara
tion of ufjlk lo correspond as olosoly as
posslblcjwith kpmajjj
milk sont to cities is rfo
milk. Skimmed
(lot liablo to bo tho
product of disoased cows, for their
milk ennnot bo kopt long enough for
tho cream to riso in paying quantity.
Therefore, tho oulypossiblo objootion
to tho salo of skimmed milk is that tho.1
people may bo mado to pay tlJJsarjo
prico for it as though a part of tho cream
had not been removed. Instead, thon,
of confiscating and destroying it, whon
found coming into a city, there should
l;o somo punishmont for dealers who
charge a full prico for it, an extra lino
put upon thoso who add water, for tho
dilution of milk to tho requirements of
babios, can bo hotter attended to "at
homo."
Founder.
A dlsoaso that is far too common in
horses is caused most frequently by
driving or working tho nnimnl till it Is
ovcrhtated, and more or loss exhausted,
and then allowing him to cool off Mai
denly without rubbing dry. A horso
tlrlvon hard for several miles, anil then
hitched to a post in tho open ulr in cold
winter weather, nnd perhaps forgotten
by tho driver, who may bo tolling stor
ies or suoking a cigar by a warm lire.
Tho next morning, If not sooner, it Is
noticed that tho animal has not oaten
well, nnd can scarcely movo from tho
stall. Tho lnmoncss may bo chiefly In
ono limb, or In nioro than one. Dr.
Crcssy, in his recent lecture beforo tho
Connecticut Honrd of Agriculture, said
that any caso of foundor can bo cured if
tnkon within thirty hours of tho attack.
Tho lltst thing to do is to placo tho
hoiso's feet In tubs of warm water, then
blanket heavily midget tho nnimal thor
oughly warm all over. Tho lamoness Is
causod by a stagnation of tho blond in
tho fctt, caused by being cooled too t ap
idly after exhausting labor. Tho warm
water thins tho blood, extends nnd soft
ens tho blood-vessels, aud favors Increas
ed circulation. In very bod casos bleed
ing in tho fect may bo necessary, though
udinarlly it mny bo dispensed with.
Knowing tho causo of founder, It will bo
seen that it is much easier to prevent
limn to euro this discaso after it becomes
established. In tho first placo avoid
very severe driving nnd over-exhaustion;
but if nbuso of thlj kind is unavoid
able, sco to it that tho horso who has
risked his llfo In tiio scrvico of his mas
ter is not neglected at tho end of tho
journey. Drivo into a warm shed or
barn free from cold draughts, and rub
vigorously till tho animal is dried off.
(itvo warm water to drink, nud cover
with warm blankets. In short, treat
tho horso just as you would treat your-
solf undor Uko circumstances.
A Good Wire Fence.
Exporicnco has demonstrated tho
practical valuo of tho following sugges
tions for building barb wire fonco: Sot
substantial posts ono rod apart; thoposl
at tho starting point should then bo
braced by cutting a notch in it two and
a half feet above tho ground, and run
ning a strong polo from tho notch to
tho foot of tho second post, whoro It is
fitted to rest firmly, and is supported
threo inches abovo gro'uul by short
blocks driven into tho ground up closo
bosido tho fonco post. This manner of
bracing should bo repeated onco in forty
rods. A faulty construction would bo
to cut tho notch in tho post four feet
from tho ground, mako tho braco short
or and allow tho ond to rest on tho
ground; for tho moment tho wire is
placed tho fenco, tho short brace acts
as a fulcrum to rnlso tho initial post.
When tho posto aro set, tho wiro is
wrapped firmly around tho first post,
four feet nnd two Inches from tho ground
and tho coil thon imrollod forty rods;
tho wiro Is thon drawn tight bj moans
of pulleys nnd grapples. After this
wiro has been securely stapled, a second
wire is ono foot bolow it, and two below
this, and leaving a foot between tho re
spective wires; tho gvouno spneois four
teen inches. Four wires thus arranged
make a perfect cattlo fuuec. For horses
tho lower wires should not bo barbed to
prcvont cutting tlioir kneo, nud a fifth
wiro should also bo placed upon tho
posts iivo feet from tho ground.
Tho upper wiro prevents necidenfs by
at'ciuntinjj to reach over tho fonco. In
place of any upper wire, a galvanized
steel r'bbon is used as more sightly for
horses.
Forswino tho fourth wiro of tho cattlo
fonco is raised four inches, nnd tho
barbed wires placed at equal distances
below it. For slicop, tho threo lower
wirc3, as in tho fenco for swino, tiro
smooth. Tims constructed, tho barbed
fence, while uniting all tho conditions
of a pel fect fence, is comparatively
harmless.
Upon tiio Iowa agricultural collogo
farm there are 111110 miles of barbed
wiro foncos, Inclosing pastures upon
which grnzo 175 head of horsos nnd
cattlo, nnd during this season there has
been but ono animal scratched to draw
blood, and that was slight aud duo to
a faulty construction of tho fence.
Barbed wiro will not answer for tho
fencing of narrow lanes and yards, or
any placo whoro animals are likely to
crowded against it. Yards and lots for
sheep can bo mado practically fylog
proof, by placing ono barbed wiro near
tho ground, threo feneo boards nbovo
aud threo wires abovo tho boards. Th
lower wire prevents digging, and upp1
ones sugcost that ho had better lKt
climb. Within such an enclosure, t
sheep rest In perfect seuurity.
rjiiKRd.lIoiis of nnd fur U10 Sfeiiion,
l'ralrli- 1'nrnu-r.
This month brings tho farmer ti) tho
oloso ot tho yoar, nnd while ho nat
urally takes a fliiryoy of tho season tlmr
is past, ho also looks forward to tho
. ...
coming ono, xno year now closing'nas
been au eventful ono in many respects,!
and a review of it should show some1
valur.blo lessons. Over a wldo extent
of country tho farmer was never nro
fully impressed with his depundonco
u on a full supply of wator for a profit
able crop. Tho drouth of 1881 will turn
tho thoughts of many lo tho subjool J)
iiTlgatIonwith a vlow to controlling
Alio supply of water for tho Holds and
gardens, lho dalrymau who was cut
off from an nbundaneo of green food
in tho liolglit of tho season will bostlr
himself to find means of socurlng a sup
ply of nutritious food in tlmos of noed.
Tho quostion of foddor crops will prob
ably bo dlsoussed more thoroughly this
winter than over boforo, and tho next
dry season will bo provided more fully
against than tao last. There has boon
an unparall4 oxoltomont in the pro-
duco market, nnd novor boforo have
tho farmers "noon more thoroughly im
pressed with tho Iniportanco of know
ing whon to fell. It may bo said, in
short, thai tho lesson of tiio season is
that tho farmer who is to bn tho most
successful in tho future is tiio ono who
mingles tho largest amount of brain.
with thu labor of his hands. Thought.
less farming if such a tiling has been
pos.ilblo In tho pastr will not prove suc
cessful In tho future. With'thls In mind
tho farmer has food for much valuable
thoi.ght boforo tho opening days of tho
busy spring. Each ono, as ho enjoys
tho warm owning lire, will rovlow the
season that has closed, and, looking tho
failures straigiit In lho faco, plan somo
way to shun thorn in tho future; whllo
thankful for tho successes, ho will con
sider wherein thoy inttriit ho improved
or increased in number. In the peaco
of tho quiet winter we must propnro for
tho wnr of activity and growth that
opens with tho spring. Tiio practice of
"taking an account of stock," ns It is
termed by tho shopkeepers and business
men, Is especially a good ono for tho
farmer. It will not consume much
timo, nnd when dono will bo more than
a sourco of satisfaction; it will servo m
a basis far many calculations, aud pos
sibly Induco importnnt changes In tho
system of farm manngctuont. To know
tho results of tho season in dollars nnd
cents Is tho aim nud end of tho Inking
of account of stock. Tho losses and
gains aro hero brought to vlow, and op
portunity Is given for a careful Inspec
tion of every department of tho farm.
It may show that In tho way tho work
has been done, it is much more profit
able to raiso potntocs than corn, or
sheep than hogs. It may bo that tho
profits from nn aero of currants aro
more than from tho ten acres of wheat.
All such questions as these aro best set
tled by a system of farm book-keoplng,
which includes tho yearly balancing or
settlement of accounts.
Antidotes for Poisons.
There is no specific antidote for
nrsonlc, nud rometlios aro rarely at
tended with success if not applied at an
early stage. Mixtures of olivo oil and
llmo wator promptly admlulstorcd after
tho effectual uso of au emetic havo
boon reeommondcu; recently precipitat
od hydratod oxtdo of iron mixed witli
magnesia lias also boon used with favor
ablo results. No chemical antitioto
should over suporsedo nctlvo ovacuant
treatment by omotlcs and witli tho
stomach pump,
Lead or Its salts nro often tiikon into
tho 3ystom unawares in drinking wa
tor which lias been nllowcd toatand in
loatl pipes or reservoirs, or in preserved
vegetables, and fruit cooked or allowed
to stand for a long timo in contact
with load soldorcd joints. All load
sals aro more or less poisonous, anil
tn'elr effects aro nccuniulativo as with
tho painter who becomes "loaded" by
tho gradual nb-jorption of lead from
tho paint3 witli which ho is constantly
In contact. Whon t.ny considerable
quantity of this motal has boon swal
lowed, or whon it has accumulated in
tho system, tho usual symptoms aro a
burning, pricking sensation in tho
throat, with dryness and thirsl, un
easiness of tho vtomnch, and irritation
of tho alimentary canal, followed oy
violent and obstinate colio ami great
pain in tho abdomen, rollovcd some
what by pressure, tho pain boing inter
mittent. There is usually obstinate
constipation, cold skin and general
prostration. In extreme casos tho ex
tremities boeomo numb or pnrnlyz.-d.
followed by convulsions or Insonslbillty.
For load poisoning sulphato of soda
or Epsom salt Is tho proscribed antldoto;
powdered eharcu.nl and sulphato of
magnesia aro also recommended. I.argo
quantities of cream and albumen (or
whllo of eggs) also retard tho action of
lead poisons, and omotlus aro given to
promoto vomiting if tho poison does not
itself occasion it.
Tho netlon on tho systom of tho salts
of antimony whon taken in considorablo
dosos is similar to that of nrsonic. Tho
usual antidotes are solutions of tannin,
strong toa, magnosia and milk.
Tho symptoms of poisoning with cop
pejr salts aro similar to thoso produced
by arsenic, but tho vomited matters are
blue or green, and there is usually a
"coppery tasto" in tho mouth. Tho
usual antidotes aro warm wator to pro
moto vomiting, white of ogg3, strong
tea or tanuiu solutions, and weak solu
tions of prolosulphatcs of iron or pota-
sinm forro-cyanido in water.
Salts or preparations containing mer
cury in any form corrosive sublimate,
whito precipitate, b'ack oxide, rod pre
oipltalo, mercuric iodide, vurmlllion,
niorcurlo sulphato, morcurlo ointments,
etc., aro extremely poisonous. A fow
minutes after swallowing any of thoso a
"coppory" tasto Is obsoived, followed
by a eonso of eouitrition In tho throat
and irritation of tho throat and stomach.
Nausea and vomited matter consisting
of coagulated mucus nud blood. Diar
rhea follows, and tho f auo of tho patient
becomes swollen nud alternately Hushed
and palo. Tho pulso becomes small and
ii regular, tho skin clammy, and respira
tion labored. Iu extreme cases tho in
terior of tho Hps bocomes swollen, nnd
tho tonguo whlto and shrivolod. Tho
caso frequently tormlnnto3wltli syncope
convulsions or gonoral insonslbillty.
Egg albumen administered with warm
water to allay tho irritation and produco
vomiting is tho usual antidote. Milk
gluten or (lour is also recommended.
Activo efforts should at ouco bo mado
to effect tho entire expulsion of tho con
tents of tho stomach. Tho stomach
pump cannot bo used.
Tho oporatlon of suoh narcotlo poi
sons as opium and prusslo aoid or prus
iato of potash (hydrooyanlo add or po
tassium cynnldo) is oonlinod chiolly to
tho spinal marrow and brain.
Tho effecta of hydrooyanlo acht (add
I otassium or othor similar cyanide) nro
almost Instantaneous; it is very rarely
tho caso thai thoy aro delayed more
thau two or three minutes. Un tho oth
er hand, cases of fatal poisoning by
opium do not terminate earlier than
from six to twolvd hours.
In cases of poisoning by cyanides
emetics nud tho stomach pump aro nt
onco called Into requisition. Freshly
proclpttatod hydro-iron oxido, if admin
istered immediately, Is perhaps ono of
tho best antidotes. hlorlno water in
jected into tho stomach is also recom
mended. Nltrnto of silver yields with solution
of tho solublo cyanides a whlto precip
itate. When a fow drops of a solution
of potash in gum water is mixed with a
small samplo of tho suspected liquid
nnd solution of sulphato of Iron Is then
added, a dark brown preclpltato sep
arates In a fow iriinut"s. Tho precip
itate, when agitated with sulphuric
acid, develops a deep blue color If cyan
ides woro present.
Thoso aro only a fow of tho long list
of nctlvo poisons, but thoy Include thoso
which nro in nino oases out' of ten re
sponsible for tho fearful record of poi
soning cases. And It is assuredly truo
that but for want of a lltllo titnoly and
dcliuito knowledgo rosnoctlng common
poisons and their antidotes such as wo
have endeavored to br.clly sketch above
tin list of fatalities from pok-oning
might havo been shortened ono-thlnl.
The Caverns of Luray.
An illustrated paper in tho .fntiunry
Ccnliiry, by Ernest lugorsoll, dc-criblng
tho natural wonders of tho recently
opened caverns of Luray, in Virginia,
containstlio following:
Tho ground rises only a trillo from
tho level of tho valley to tho hill, and
on tho open slopo slniuls a homo witli
porticoes all around, conspicuous in
fresh paint, nnd having a public air
about it. There is tho ordinary appear
anco of public waiting-rooms about
this houso, but, unliko most liousts,
tho groat interest of itlios in its collar.
Registering your namo, your guido gives
you a tin iranio much like a scoop
shovol, hold upright by a handle nt tho
back, which holds In front threo lighted
candles. Ilo opens nn inner door, nnd
you follow him down a stalrcaso of ma
sonry, anil beforo you grasp tiio idea
that your adventures havo begun, you
find joursolf in tho largo antechamber
of the caverns. Tiiii unpremeditated,
unintentional cntranco is ns though you
hud been dropped iu tho midst of It, or
had waked from a sleep there, and is
most effectual in putting tho strangor
01 rapport witii tho spirit of astonish
ment whioh lie must fuin, if (by roaon
of any satl defect in Ids constitution) t
is lacking, in order to maintain his
reputation in tins locality as a respect
able p. ison. At tho canio timo the
truth is pressed upon your iniuil, that
this cavorn 1 not in tho side of a moun
tain, as your preconception of it would
suggest, but underiionth ono of tho low
hills which diversify tho surfaco of tho
va'loy, and which remain from tho
hollowing out of nil thu 'V.UIoysnnd
tho 'production of Tho 'mcjutitnins lour
or tivo miles distant on either aide; anil
tho cavo "has no obvious relation witli
thorn, except that its origin was partly
coincident, wifh their origin, nnd with
tho excavation of tho valley by ero
sion." When tho Campbells first entered
this nnte-chambcr, which Is about as
largo as nn ordinary barn, thoy wore
aolo to ioiiow a narrowing extension 01
it only a littlo way, when, as I havo
bald, thoy were stopped by wator. Somo
weeks later, in oruor 10 maKo a second
xnloratlcn, thoy took 1 small boat with
them, but found that tlto water had
nearly dried away. Wo can now walk
across on a causowayoi ciay lortwoniy
llvo or thirty yards, past tho Vegetable
Garden, tho Boar Scratches, tho Thea
ter, tho fiallcry, over Muddy Lake on
a planking bridge, which lo itself span
ned by a stone arch; through tho Fish
Mat kot and across tho Ellin Uamble a
plateau in which tho roof is generally
within roach ot tho hand and so conio
to Pluto's Chasm, an underground
rnviiio roofed with tho strata which
support precisely sindlar ffulchos anil
chasms ujvn to daylight, ami owing
their configuration to tho sniuo slow
and subtlo agencies. Leav
ing tho Cathedral, a narrow, Jagged
passago, whoro ono must continually
auunlboth his shins and his crown
troru painful bumps, wo get an outlook
down into a sort of devil's pantheon,
full of grotesquo shapes and colossal
caricatures of things nnimnto and in
auimato, casting odd and suggestive
shadows in whoso gloom fancy may
work marvels of unworldly oticct, anil
loads you by a stairway to a well-curtained
room called tho Bridal Chamber.
With an access of that idiocy with
which tho strongest pcoplo, perhaps,
aro tinctured whon about to enter
matrimony, ono or two couples havo
eomo to this damp hole to bo married;
so tho placo is put down in descriptions
ns "consecrated!" J.110 uacn ooor 01
lho Bridal Chamber admits to Giant's
Hall, just boyoml which is tho Ball
room both largo and lofty ap- rtmcnts,
oonslltutintr a sonarato portion of the
eavo, parallel with tho length of I'luto's
Chasm. In tho Ball-room we havo
workotl back opposite tho cntranco
having followed u e'ourso roughly out
liued by lho latter U.
an.
.Slicking to tho Truck.
Fluster's Magazine.
I sometimes think that any 11 tin yho
is growing old, nnij to whom It has
been appointed in this llfo to oarn his
own bread, ought to bo lliaukful to find
himself in any settled and fairly orcdit
ablo vooatlou. It touds to mako ono so
to look around upon thoso who started
along with us, and to remark horo and
there tho clover fellow who would not
sottlo to steady work, who would not
got Into ono of tho recognized grooves
of htimnn affairs. Such clover follows
tend to bo unsteady In another sense
than laok of fixity of aim, and 'hero
doubtless is a main causo of their fall
uro. But ovon whoro this is not so you
know tho sorrowful upshot of not stick
ing to tho track, not choosing a lino
and holding to it. Tito Income is pre
carious; all incomes are prooarlous that
aro mado up ot scraps. Glvo us steady
wages, wbothor littlo or great. You
hare known ft brilliant man with ft hun
dred tlmos tho brains of somo wealthy
mo tnl who wants to got Into Parlia
ment (with tfio singlo purposo of serv
ing Ids country) thankful to oarn a fow
pounds by doing 0 eclton jobs, writing
squibs, and canvaisiug, and mcokly
bonring to bo sworn at by tho woalthy
mortal iu tho hour of defent. It is very
satl to find a man of truo ability nnd
oloquenco and content to work very
hard, waiting, llko a cab on tho stand
for somo ono to hire his brains; for
somo 0110 to got him to write on somo
subject In which ho fcols no Interest,
or to puff somo doing which ho sees to
bo contemptible And such a man,
living from hand to mouth, oven if ho
has no 0110 but himself to support, must
mako thorn look forwnrd to tho future
with fear, thinking of days when tho
poor woarlod brain nnd hand will not
bo ablo to work any more, and when
there will no longer bo tho nervo to
push himself forward atntdyoungornntl
froslior competitors. Surely, thus med
itating, and beholding how solid mor
tnls wl novcr had half his ability, anil
who never worked half so hard, but
who got into ono of tho main grooves
nud kept lo it, havo distanced lilm in
llfo nro Judges, Bishops, or at tho
least aro thriving business nnm and rosy
ootmtry parsons, filling recognized po
sitions, and ni.t without tho confidence
tlienfcoaiNIng tho brilliant Bohemian
that never would run steadily In har
ness must feel thnt ho has mado a mis
take In his choice of life.
Foiirlren .Miles Under (Jroiind.
UielilMclI.. ttrr Intt-rt) in.
There was discovered on Tiur..t!ay
last, on tho farm of Evan Uogers. about
one mllo from tho postollico of this
town, a cavo thnt bids fair to rival, If
not surpass, tho world-renowned Mam
moth Cavo of Kentucky. Back of Mr.
ltogors' homo stands n high hill, in
which there aro several small caves,
0110 of thorn being used by tho family
as a cellar. Mr. ltogors, desiring addi
tional room, concoivod tho Idea of
blasting out somo of tho rock in tho
rear. In doing so no struck a vast
opening, nud ho was greatly astonished
to find boforo him an Immonso cavo,
with avenues at least ono hundred feet
wide. Saddling his horso ho rushed
Into town, and communicated tho news
ot his irreat discovery to tho astonished
clti.ens. Torches were at onco pro
pared, and ho started back to explore
tho great mysteries of tho wondorful
cave, nccompnnio I by woll known busi
ness men anil county ollleors.
Entering tho cavo they were at onco
greatly impressed with its grandeur.
For threo long hours they explored Its
paclous avenues amidst Its wonderful
formations without mooting a barrier
to their progress until thoy canio to a
wldo, deep river, which thoy found con
tained vast schools of oyolcss 11-di and
othor s'ghtloss wonders of tho marino
world. Thoy retraced tholr steps, de
termined upon oomplcto explornt'on of
thu cavo tho following day. So tho fol
low lug day a muuh larger party entoiod
tno cnvij iiDPniuniinlml by Surveyor
lohn E. Stono, who took nn aciimtn
measurement of tho distance they t-av-
eled. Thoy canio to what seemed to bo
tho ond of tho main avenue, after trav
eling a distance of fourteen miles, and
it wn3 near midnight beforo thoy reach
ed their homes. There aro evidences
on all sides that tho cavo was tho abode
of a prehistoric raco, and that that race
was idcptilicd with tho ancient Egypt
Ian races, as can now bo proved by tho
light which is given us in tills very im
portant t.iscovery.
Unseen Fingers.
Apropos of tho mystorious striking,
rceontly, of tho old clock which once
belonged to Washington, in tho reho
room at Mount Vernon, tho ltov. A. P.
Buol, of Cleveland, Ohio, sends the fol-
lowlag account of an incident which
took placo in 18-i.r, whllo ho was atYalo
College: "At that timo I was taking
my meals in tho part of tho city called
'over tho dyko,' not far from tho present
site of tho Now York & Now Ilavon
Railway dopot. Tho house was a low
oiio-story wooden bul'ding, tho largo
brick chimney standing In tho contro
nnd going straight up through tho roof.
On tho first lloor thoro was a largo room
on either sido of tho ohimnoy. In tho
oast room n wifo and mother had diod
two wcoks boforo tho incident which I
am about to relato occurred. Tho
houso was so roar tho fiats that ono
could hear tho wash of tho waves as tho
lido obbed anil flowed. Snow had fallen
to a depth of eight inches, and this lind
been followed by a heavy rain. Every
thing, therefore, was moist to tho touch.
Coming to lho house ono night, I found
tho ladies greatly alarmed. Tho clock
In tho unusod room, where tho death
had occurred, had boon hoard to striko
in tho afternoon. They asked mo to
examine tho clock and tiio room, as
"thoy da: cd not. I found an old fash
ioned twc,nty-four hour clock with a thin
plno back, standing on tho nianlolplcco
and closo up to tho ohlmuoy. As tho
chimney was largo, open and low, snow
had fallen and melted on tho lnsido. Of
course tho' bricks of tho ohimnoy back
of tho clock had absorbed much mois
turn. Tho linen cord of tho striking
wi.ight luid contractod just onough lo
raise tho woight and causo tho striking.
It was only tho unscon llnsrors of com-
nion moisture, and not tho unseen (ln-
gors of a light hoolod ghost that stnrtod
tho sonorous brass and flllod tho ladles
ith fdar,"
Ovsteii Maoahoni. Boil.mncaronl in
a cloth, to koop It straight. Put a layor
in a dish soasonoil,vlth buttor, salt, and
poppor, thon a layor of oysters, alter
nate, until the dish is full, Mix somo
gratodjjroad with a beaten egg. Spread
ovor tho top and bake.
CHILDREN'S COMER.
COMPENSATION.
For every leaf of green,
A golden leaf;
For every fading flower,
A rlrciilng shenf.
For every parching beam,
A drop of rain ;
For every sunny day,
Tho stars again.
For every warring wave,
A pretty shell ;
For every sound of woe,
A Joyntu licit.
For every passing eare,
A mother's kiss;
And what could letter he,
Dear child, than this!
Mux mid tlm Wiuidcr-I-lmrer.
St. N'lcliolm, .tanimry, 1W1
Long beforo tho great king Cliarlc
inngno ruled over Gormnny nnd Franco,
tho mountain forests that border tho
Uhlno were peopled by gnonios and
dwaifs, witches and faries, somo of
whom were very mischievous and could
novcr bo trusted, while others did kind
deeds for tho pcoplo.
Thoy were nil undor tho control of a
fairy king, who lived in tho deepest re
cesses of tho mountains, and whoso pal
aco was so vast that It reached oven un
der tho river. On moonlight nights,
tho river falrlos could bo seen playing
in tho clear waters, sometimes enticing
fishers to tholr death, by showing them
gold nnd jewels; for tho poor simple
fishermen would dlvo down Into tho
wator and would never bo seen ngain.
But then there were good fairies among
tho mountains, and theso gave presents
to persons whom they thought doscrv
ing of rich gifts, for tho mouutaius were
filled with treasures of gold, silver and
precious jewels; and my story is about a
littlo boy who was rewarded by thoso
good fairies.
Ho was only a poor littlo shepherd
boy, and tended tho flocks of n rich
baron, whoso castlo stood high upon a
rook that lookod down ovor tho valley
whoro tho littlo boy lived. His father
was doad, and ho was tho only holp of
his mother and two littlo sisters, Hos
chon and Elslo. Thoy owned a Httlo
cottago, a goat, and a small bit of
ground, whioh Max, for that was tho
boy's name, tlllod in tho evening, after
tho shoop woro all safely pcnUedforlho
IllKllt.
Ilo was always cheerful, and kind to
nil. Ho loved tho boaitttful river that
floated along so peacefully, nnd tho vino
terraces whoro grow tho purple grapes.
TIi-j t'ark forests, tiial scorned so still,
tilled his heart with wonder and rovcr-
onco towanl tho Great Bolm; who had
mado such a lovoly world.
Max longed to know how to read, so
as to learn more about it all, and yet
ho uorked on, early and late, and en
joyed oven tho air, anil tho flowors; anil
tho butterflies, as thoy Hew by him,
mado him glad that ho was allvo and
well.
But (hero camo a day of sadness for
poor littlo Max, in tho winter timo, for
his mother was taken ury ill, anil tho
old nurso of tho village, who took care
of her, fintd thill dIiu muni tllo unlu.iu
herb could bo procured that grow In
tho inoantalns, nnd theso woro now cov
ered with snow, beneath which tho herb
lay burled. But Max did not despair;
ho started forth with his snow-shoos
and a stout stick, to climb tho moun
tain nnd find tho herb Hint should euro
his sick mothor.
It was cold, and tho wind blow drear
ily through tho treos; still ho tramped
on boldly, until at last ho stood on tho
summit of tho mountain. Tho snow lay
around llko a soft whlto blanket, cover
ing all tho herbs, foins, andjllowors,
keeping them warm ami tucked out of
sight until tho spring time. It was not
very deep, and Max, with a littlo spado
ho had brought along, pusliod it aside,
and thoro was thobrown earth beneath.
Yet in that spot thoro was 110 horb, but
before his eyes there grow a boautiful,
strnngo llowcr, whltor than snow, its
heart liko gold, aid its porfumo so
sweot thnt It seemed liko a breath from
tho gardens of hoaven. Max gazed
with longing upon its beauty, and his
first thought was to pluck it and tako it
homo, that thoy all might seo its lovoll-
ness, but ids second thought was, "Oh,
no; I must find first tho horb for to euro
Mother, and thon I can como horo again
for tills llowor with which to gladden
hor oyos," So, with a parting look, ho
wont farther on his soarcli, found tho
precious herb, nnd with it safely in ids
pocket, canio back to the spot whoro ho
had left tho lovoly flower.
Alas, It had disappeared! But whllo
tho toars filled his oyos, tho mountain
where ho stood opened wldo, liko a door,
a dazzling fairy figure appoarcd, and a
sllvory voice said:
"Entor, littlo Max, for thou didst first
thy duty. Tako what thou wilt of lho
treasures boforo thco. lho Wonilor
llowcr that thou hast s-oon, thou canst
not tako with thco. It blooms but onco
in a thousand yoars, and can only bo
scon by tho pure in hoar. Tako of tho
gold and diamonds, lovo thy mother
ovor as now, aim to bo a good man, aud
keop thy hoart pure, that thou mnyest
again seo tho flower in tho gardens of
heaven, where a thousand years aro but
as a day."
And tho fairy vanished; but nrouud
In a great marblo hall shono diamonds,
nnd rubles, and bright bars of gold, bo
foro tho eyes of tho bowihlorod Max. A
littlo brovn dwarf, who seemed to bo 11
fvunvil nvm- tlm Irnnsiirns. fruva lilm ft
sack and motioned that Max should lilt
it, and oven holpod him, novor saying a
word. When it was filled it was so
hoavy that Max wondorod how ho could
ovor carry it homo; but whilo ho hoslt
tatod tho dwarf throw it ovor his own
shoulder, and bookonlngMaxto follow,
crept out of the doot; and as Max fol
lowed tho mountnln closed behind thorn
and tho snow lay ovor it as boforo.
It all would linvo scorned a droam,
only that thoro stood tho dwarf, with
his polntotl littlo hat, and strnngo faoo
with oyes llko a squirrel's. Not a word,
did ho speak, but ho trotted on down
tho mountain, and it seemed to Max
scarcely nn hour baforo thoy stood at Its
foot. There, with a bow, tho dwarf sot
down tho sack, and thon ho clnmbcrod,
up tho mountain.
Max hastened homo as fast as ho
could with ids hoavy treasure, andgav
tho nurso the herb, hiding tho sack
under his bed, until his mothor should
bo nblo to hoar of his good fortune
Tho herb did Its work so woll that in
a fow days his mother was ablo to sit
up, and them Max, with his hand in
hers, and his littlo sister.? standing by
him, told her all.
Sho clnpcd her hands nnd said:
"My sweet child, tho tlcnr God has
been very good to thee. Thou hast scon
tho Wontler-llower thnt first blossomod
when Christ was born, and thnt no ono
but nn innocent child may sco. Keop
Its benuty always in mind, olso tho
treasure It brought will glvo thco no
happiness. Lot us thnnk tho gront Gott
of heaven for his lovo to thco, a poor
littlo shepherd-boy, to whom iio has
shown tho Wondor-Ilowor, which ovon
tho king hlmsulf may not scol"
And it was in this strango manner
that Max's wish was at last granted;
for with hU treasure to help him, ho
now could go to school, anil learn till
about tho great worltl outside of hi
littlo Bhino volley. Ho lived to bo nu
honored nnd learned man, always doing
good to others; nud with all his wisdom
ho was as unassuming as a child.
Fmuii PAut.viis. Boll until tender in
hot water slightly salted; lot them get
almost cold, scrapo oil' tho skin, and cut
in thick, long slices; drodgo with Hour
nnd fry in hot drippings, turning nsthey
brown; drain very dry in n hotcollnnder;
poppor and salt boforo sorving.
Tho two most important things in this
lower world both begin with tho letter
M nionoy nnd mysolf.
M- t -w-
Uncle Bain's 1-ierve mm none Liniment Is
most clllclc-nt In Uhcuinatlsni, llrulses, Hums,
Scratches and msuy other Ills Incident to man
and lcast. Sold by all DrugirMa.
Save your harness by oiling 11 with Uncle
Sam's flames Oil, which will keep It soft and
pliable. This Is tho best oil cvrr mado for
leather. Sold by all Harness Makers.
Dr. Jaque'stJennan Worm uaKi-suronncilcc-tual
nnd safo remedy for worms. They are
pleasant to tuku aud not only destroy the worms,
out remove all tracer of them from the system
leaving tho child healthy and strong. They are
warranted to give perfect satisfaction. Sold by
Urtiggls.tS;
Uacle Sam's Condition j-omief iri-rcnt5 dlt
ease, purllles the Mood, Impiovej the appetlU-,
gtu-s a 611100th glosy co.tt, tin-1 keeps the ani
mal In good condition. All Druggists M.-11 It.
For Headache, Constipation, Liver Complaint
and all bilious derangements of the blood, there
Is no remedy a? sure and safu as Ellert's Day
light I.lver Tills, They stand unrivalled in
removing bile, toning the stomach and In giv
ing healthy action to tho liver. Sold by all
Druggists. 4
Dr." Wlnchell's Teething Syrup lias never
failed to give Immediate relief when used In
cases of Summer Complaint, Cholera-lnfantura
or pains In tho stomach. Mothers' when your
llttlt! darlings aro siltlerlng from those or kin
dred cattcs do not hesitate to give It a trial,
you will surely be pleased with th charming
clfect. Be suro to buy Dr. Wlnchell's Teething
Syrtip. Sold by all Dmgjjit6, only U. cts per
Do not neglect 11 Cmign or cold. Ellert's Ex
tract of Tar and Wild Cherry Is a standard
remedy In all throat, asthmatic and bronchial
alfectlons, and has saved many valuablo lives.
It never falls to give satisfaction. Sold by all
Dnii'irlsts.
AGENTS,!!!
M'llUHT .Mli!C
mm i-Aiii m r, 1 ten
nildrrnNPN nil Irk in Mrinu
.'in.;. wioo
urrrn. iWTMiuv.. K. V.
AN EsrABMSllKU
Newspaper for Sale.
Dflrliii-' tDin ikfii t ii.iiiL't', I iiavnconrltnlctl to ffll
in well t-tiit)lfthMl now up ipcr. I liitvu l.irnt) fuih
fcrlbi'i- In nullity, trou-l HiUcrtUtliii nml Job putt-on
nm1. Will M'll rutin' oiHci nnd irootl will, toircttu-r
wild nil iicciMiiiti x-Mvpt ntht rtWlnff accoiintH) iluo
thiMtlk'i' for 1 tm, nih. t nrrn-noinleiieo follcltfd
only f rum tho-1 uho mean ImnliiiMH nud lmo thu
mun-'y. Addrc-n
Yo UK. NL'Imwkii
One Dollar
Tiio llp-l story rupor In tho Went. -IS rolumm
of nrtnlnnl nuil i'liolri-ly-neleiti-,1 rt-a-ltiiK mntti-r.
prlntt'-l iii-iiii lri.-t. plitln tym, lnu-l Wei-ldy, and
UMtl'.-tl to tiny itiltlri-fti In tho United Stiitm, jimtAKQ
Miu, lui inir Mtiiuu 11 1 nm 1., wi ) 11 rw .uu.uriu
T H'-tnA prt'tnliMii. r-rnilforimmnlii copy.
AilJn-, OIIHJAliU l.i:i)Jl:it.:lil
rllgo. III.
PAYNE'S AUTOMATIC ENGINES
Nl'.VKIC AltltliSTKIt.
Itelliihli'.rlnriililoiinil economical, trill fur
tilth it horte imirtr vith it It futl ami water than any
oilier tnutntbiillt, not tliii'ilwlttmnnutomiitto cut-off.
3tuilforlllunrtiitCatuliiKiin !. ft" for Inforinmioa
no price. 11. vi, i-.&rt.t r-wiin,
mil imi uii.wi.
BUCKET BETORN TBAP.
HTliU trap niito
nutlcully drains
lho wnler of con
donnatlnn from
lli:.TINO COILS
ami rcturni tha
lami'tothollotlt-r,
whether the Colls
00 aiiovr on uu
i.ow tho water
level In Duller,
thin tlolnt; away
tlih pumps nnd
other inui'lianlcai
cleilccn for nucli
nurnoflei.
ft
w
Tie Allianv
Steam Trap Go.
ALBANY, N. Y.
" " JAMK8 IL llU-iSI-SU ttotfj salt Tr

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