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Mttio rw- $hc bounty apcv. BOBYJCS Ac Co., rnbllKkrra, oiVixjox, - - MO. BOOM AT THE TOP. Ttfiuiicrntico Title, t Never you mlnil the crowd, lad, Or fancy your life won't tell; The wiirk Is the work fur n' tlmt To him tlmt doeth It vrelj. . Fancy the world n hill, lnd, look where the millions slop,' You'll find the erowd nt the lme, hid, There's always room nt the top. Courage and faith nnd pntience. There's space In the old world yd The hi'tlcr the chance yon stand, hid. The further along you get. Keep your eyes un the goal, hid. ;Ncver despair or drop, lie sure thnt your path lends upward! "There's always room ut the top. I?ARM, GAltDBN, HOUSEHOLD. Get Kid of Them. If u flintier Iiiih n poor cow mi the farm get rid of lier as coon n possible. It costs w mii.'li fn 1-ppii her us It does a good row. The onu will make from Id to 12 pounds of butter a week, the other two or three. The good cow will continue a a large How of milk right along through thexummer nnd autumn; the other will dry up earlv. It Is frequently the case that a poor" cow will consume more food than a good one. A cow that gives rich milk, even If tho quantity is small, Is more profltablo than one that gives a large quantity that is of indifferent qual ity, lmirvmen havo learned this by ex perience. " In this particular the Jersey excels. Grades of Short-horns and the native cows usually give a good quantity of milk. A good cow is always a profita ble cow, while tho poor cow is always an unprofitable one. Packing Batter. The lute X. A. Willaril claimed that butter packed in the following manner would keep fresh mid good for one year: Use for a package a tub somewhat taper lug, witli heavy staves and heads pro vided at both ends, so as to make a pack age that will not leak. In packing the tub is turned on the small end, and a suck of cotton cloth Is made to fit the tub, und Into this tho butter is packed until it reaches to within an inch of the groove for holding the upper head. A cloth Is next laid upon tho top of the butter and tho edges of tho sack brought over this and neatly pressed down; then the head is put in its place and the hoops driven home. The package is turned upon tho large end and tho sack of butter drops down, leaving u space on sides and top. .Strong brine is then poured through a hole into the small end until it will float the butter. Tho hole is now tightly corked, and tho butter is pretty effectual ly excluded from the air. ; A Delicious Cheese. Country (icntlonmn. ' The lJondcn or N'eufehutol cheese, of which considerable quantities arc sent to Kngland and to this country, is made as follows: The rennet Is added to tho milk, in pots holding about thrco gallons, at its natural temperature, as it conies from tho cow. Various devices are resorted lUIIlIJUiltlUllt 11" ll limn ... ,...!.. thi.. InmiiAmliirA it. winter without warming tho milk. The rennet being added to tho milk, it is left for niaiiv hours even an many as forty eight for tho curd to bo fully deposited; the curb is afterward placed in a linen cloth, which is suspended from tho four corners of a skeleton box, and'isthcii left several hours to enable tho whey to drain off. It is then transferred to a clean cloth, in which it is carefully folded up, and is submitted to pressure for about twelve hours, or at least until The whey ceases to runout; but tho pressure Is neither verv great nor very even. The curd is next passed through cylindrical molds, and tho small cylindrical cheeses thus formed uro at once salted on the outside. The cheeses being then made, arc put into a cellar on boards, each ono being quite separato from its neighbors. In a tow days, more or less, according to the tomperatiire, tho first mould, thick and white, makes Its appearance, and soon afterwards, especially in summer, the cheeses are sold fresh. . . When it is desired to increaso the richness of theso small, soft cheeses, tho curds (after being pressed to expel the wliey) are broken uj with tho hand and worked into a smooth paste. To this is added us much cream as tho paste or curd will abaord. In this way the delicious cream cheeses sold iif Paris as 'Fromage Gervnls' are iriade. For the Family Scrap-Book. 'tioy TIikck. $ Never let tea boil. ? For rough hands, use lemon juice. Strong lyo cleans tainted pork barrel. Tepid milk and water clean oilcloth without soap. p Turpentine applied to a cut is a pre ventive of lockjaw. VA hot shovel hold over furniture ro iioves whito spots. Sprinkle sassafras bark among dried tniit to keep out worms VI '"vvi " k Popcorn is a good lunch tor Sunday .rt . ...Ml. j,.H nights with milk tor drink. A Willful of hay in n panful of water HKUil zea smell ot naint. Ullzcs smell of paint ako a carpet look fresh, wipe with rvotiif utor sweeping, J 7 i ... .n . iin iiiu ri..bpi..i; u..b. SjNffco cups with scouring- iil,JooK goou as new. the jWK "ilk. woolen or jnftUijqirits of tur- the rVUy K . 1' IOS0 CU. 1"JP Of ono etesWj mm tml. ost fel'Mow ignoimlH in v ill iin ilnti a iiim sK kkv neu nrttcli; In regard to n new enemy of wheat In central ami southern Illinois: A new Insect enemy of winter wheat 1 1 11.1 lately come to notice In central anil southcrn'Illlnois. where Ithiisdono mot serious mischief In some localities; nml an It will soon he too late to make obser vation upon it, tho Immediate attention of those interested Is earnestly invited to this subject. Wherever it has thus far been detected, it has previously been confounded with the Hessian fly, ami it is not Imiiosslble that much of the dam age attributed to the latter Insect, in the southern half of tho mate, is really duo to this hitherto unknown pest. In tho form in which it may now be found in the wheat It is a smooth, slender, pule green grub; about one-fourth of an Inch in length, without distinct head or feet, tapering nearly to a point atone end(tlie uiiterior), ami slightly narrowed, but thicker at the other. At the pointed end, two curved black hooks maybe seen, working actively backward, as long as the larva Is alive. These nre the Jaws, and are used for scraping away the sub stance of the plant. If t ho head is ex amined with a good magnifier, two very short antenna.', scarcely longer than wide may be seen nour its upper surface, and below these are two circular ureas, pro bably representing palpi. On each side of the base of the second segment of the worm is a small gill-like appendage, divided Into two lobes, each lobe with six divison. The last segment of tho body is bl-Iobed, and bears upon its posterior surface two opcnings(spirncle) each guarded by a circlet of about l'J de- pressed spines. The larva Is now cluing iiisr in the sbnthorn part of the state, in to the pupa or chrysalis, which has the same general appearance and color as the grub, but is short ami thick, with blunt ends, and has not tips imwer of motion. It lias no appearance of wing cases or other appendages. Although the gononl effect of this insect upon the growing wheat is not especially different from that produced by the llessia-flyn, the worm itself can be very readily dis tinguished, especially at this season of me year, since me iicssiau-ny is no longer a free grub, but constructed for Itself last autumn a dark brown, flat oval case, like a flaxseed in appearance, from which it is now emerging as a perfect fly. The insect is now burrowing in the base of the stem of the wheat, just above the root; and the puna occurs in the same position. The effect is to stop the growth of the plant and ultimately to Kill it. There is iibunditiit evidence that the grub leaves one stalk for another, so that a single insect may perhaps destroy an entire stool. Fields in Fulton coun ty have been completely ruined by this pest, so that they are now being plowed up for other crops. Where the injury is less complete, it lias theefl'ect to dead en the wheat, more or less completely,. In spots. The Insect may be found by carefully stripping' down the leaves of the affected stems until the center is readied, where, if it still remains, it will be found buried at the base of the grow ing stem. As this insect has only been known to us for a few weeks, it is of course impos sible to give any sufficient account of its (levelopement. " It is certain, however, that the worms hatched in the field in the fall, after the wheat was sown, und tiiat the principal part of the injury was done bclore frost. It will now soon transform into a minute fly, which will ill . 1 1 L ' 1 prooaoiy rear n u...... .. ...... inter in HIU Pl-us.lll, I Ills H nil. I no larger than a mosquito, but much thicker and more robust i This insect we do not think can be the source of any harm to spring wheat. Break'ng Prairie. paknlu Knrmcr. , , Considerable diversity of opinion pre vails as to the proper time and the right depth to break prairie. In some of the older States tho practice is to break al most entirely in tho mouth of June, and thus allow the breaking to lie idle until tho next season, or perhaps buck-.-et it in tiie fall. This practice has some show of reason In most prairie countrios.ironi the fact that it takes all the allotted time for the sod to rot sufficiently to produce a crop. Hut here In Dakota tho case is dif ferent. The prairie sod hero breaks about as easily as the meadow lands in tho Kastern States. In other prairie States three or four yoke of cattle are needed to break with, while hero one good yoke can break from an acre to an acre and a half a day. It follows, then, that if the sod is not so tougii.it will take less time to subdue it, and it is a fact that good crops of corn, flax and potatoes havo been raised from soil which was turned the same season. Now, while it I ninv be good practice for a farmer to break in June, it he chooses, still, to tho majority, it will be more advantageous to begin breaking us soon as the trust , leaves the ground. Ilreaklinr done verv late in the fall Is cminlly as good, and In some cases better than early spring break ing. For a majority of farmerH in this country early spring lias a two-fold ad vantage, from tne fact that a good crop may bp raised the first year. The sod is not so tenacious nut that the grain roots can 1 penetrate it and secure an abundance of plant loon in tne sou anil nciieatu it Breaking done In July or August Is ul most worthless, unless tho grass has been cut or burned off before commencing. A heavy growth of grass turned under holds , tlio sod upon Its edge, and (luring tlio dry season it is literally t-Tiied to a l)rfck im,i wlu!U ., iet hck-set . . ' . dry season it is literally Wrncd to .i,,, IMjXt snriiiir. or plowed for a croo.the entire surface is covered "yeWi dry sods grass side up. J For curly breaking, whero It is desir I ed to raiso a crop tho first season, very ' hIiiiIIow nlnwlnrv Is (ho host. n n thin urwl i will become rotted in a slnslter time than ' a thick one, but caro slioun bo taken at I tho next plowing to set tho .Mow an inch or two deeper than tho brt' Jkiug in or der to get an abundance n'Mooso soil for tho preservation of molMsfro, Juno breaking shouli II i from three to four inches in deiith, ai ft 'tie re is consid erable grass on tlio (jmHndit needs moro woight to hold it dowiM There is an erroneousjYipiuion among a certain class of funnel that breaking .winced not be very well doi.b,,and still tho llODy, , . ..,(., . ... ... i ,' ,ut.. -r.- vlu '... ..l .... t.n uu iH.jm.itu.. ti.bv. wlKiiOYt; tilnwlno. n iMwnnlfl lifi If morn in1' "OvnK vxpondeiii on the breaking . . n t ik cun no turti ir trom tne trutn it or .."n. i ... ... . , Ik irit tlihwm mnv'J "Pi Slng folu and huiiii obstruct the pi MiossV k.a reuiiii ow at the i. i, lien it tt ho sod has been turn l ininiVCl. down flat will J. In at tho second quicker and lieu. W"S....ii of corn Min sod if iPim-HK nuvrnforo ckefsl ni'iii ar ill! n r ov ud if IN TE OLDEN TIME. The New England Meetlng-Honse of the Fore fathers IU Influence on Generation. A most delightful article from the pen f President Porter appears in the May umber of "The New Kiiglander," the of President number of subject being tho "New Kmilaiul Meet lng-1 louse," which the author considers to lie thosvmbol of much that Is charac teristic of New Kngland life, as it lias been tho rallying point for nearly every tiling distinctive in tne iNcw Kngland I communities. Out of tho church grew tho town, or, rather, the town was c vol veil or developed nlong with the church. The church was the germ and the moct-Ing-hoiise the center of the self-governeil commonwealth. The name "meeting house" Is significant. Tho edifice was used for religious and civic transactions, and to the early New Kiiglander both were equally solemn and sacred. There was no warrent in Scripture for calling an edifice a church. President Porter gives an extremelv Interesting account of tlio way In wltiel the original structures were built, and of gradual variations of the original type as vcars went on. The erection of "the Old .South Church in lrL'WHI was the most imjiortant advance in the evolution of the New Kngland meeting house, ami became the typical model of all such places of worship for nearly a century. Among the best of the edifices of tli'ls type which survive are the sanctuaries In Farmington and Wetfiebl. (The lat ter has just now lost many of its quaint old features by "restoration.") With the present century, and its ad vance in wealth and culture, the meeting house began to assume a form more like that of lmdnn church architecture, and of this sort of work we have admirable specimens In Park street Church, lioton, tlio Center and Xorth Churches In New Haven, and thoe in (iitilford, Springfield and elsewhere. The first steeple In Connecticut was erected iutiuilford in lTl'il. The interior of the meeting houses was bare and unattractive. Pews were of slow growth. There were no means of lighting them until singing schools made it nccesarv to introduce candles and rude chandeliers. Night meetings in these sanctuaries were not approved. There were no stoves for a long time, and ut first no foot stones. The New Kngland meeting lioit-e was not arti ficially warmed until from l.HIO to IKL'O. President Porter remembers such scenes as, he says, ''make us shiver as wo think ol them. Of a cold winter morning the breath of the worshipers not unfrequent- iv would seem iikc smoke Iroiu a mm red furnaces as it came in contact with the frosty atmosphere." These severities were mitigated by the free hospitality of tne nouses near tlio meeting House. Knormous kitchen fires were kept blaz ing, around which scores of people gath ered to thaw themselves out and eat their lunchotis. At sumnier noons the farmers would gather in knots here and there, and the women would get together hi groups, and they had a verv cozy and gossipy time ot it. In soma inunlies there was a Sabbath lay house erected near the sanctuary. with ample fireplaces for tho comfort of worshipers. The meetliiLf house usually was the central building in the village, as being tne most important. It stood within or fronting the "green." Roads radiated trom it. it was not until a later date that the sanctuary was placed upon the high hill, where it could be seen afar. and so that several of these meeting houses were within range of vision. guarding, like sentinels, the lull country. l'resident i'orter gives a laithtul anil charming ' description of the spiritual churches that hud their homes in these meeting houses. Thcv, at first, hail no written creed, though their views of truth lacked neither iieiinitcness nor positivenc-s. Their pastors were settled lor lite, unit when u meeting limine wus built and pastor settled, "a golden can dlestick was set up" in tlmt place. lhe meeting house must needs be eated" places assigned to each mem her of the community. It New Haven's first meeting house the sexes weru ,epu rated, anil the seating was uccord ntr to rank and dignity. The doctrine of equal ity in piace, siauon, unit minor m (.'March and State was no part of the Puritan creed. In the first generations attend mice on worship wns enforced. There was then compulsory public worship as now we have compulsory education of children, bum the year ISIS. In Con nectlcut, and till some years later in .Massachusetts, ever) citizen was conir polled to support some religious orirnul. zation by a tax on his estate. Thus was formed the excellent habit of regular attendance at tho sanctuary on the Lords (lav. A. graphic picture is given of tho athoring of a country congregation from a wide-spread township on a pleasant Sunday morning. What a variety of vehicles, of horses, of dress, of paco, of demeanor! 1 hen tho noonings, with van ous gossip, with secret "swappings.' with caro of squealing horses, witli steal thy glances and flirtatious ot young folks, and no end of news exchanged. Passing by the description of thanks giving and fast days, the writer touches the decorum and dignity which in theory was exacted in tlio meeting houso. lint which was not always maintained. There were occasional outbreaks of lusty blood and the spirit of independence which occasioned serious concern and disturbance. It seems to ns that Presi ilent Porter touches this nnint very light ly, as indeed lie has thrown a kind of noetic glamour over tlio whole theme This idyl of his was quite another thing in its prose reality. Ho discusses witli characteristic gen tleness the old theology, and quite dis arms all criticisms as ho sketches tho ono old meeting house where five or six generations havo worshiped, in peaco and in war, and asks what better havo a half-dozen other places of worship done which divldo tho zeal of neighboring communities. It is easy to seo that President Porter is thinking of tho old Farmington' church where his godly father preached, and whero ho also preached and which has witnessed tho worship of nn undivided community for generations. Three Southern Women. At the outbreak of tho war tho (laugh tor of tho late Wilson N. Carey, of llal tlinore. a maiden of some ISyearsofage, of striking personal beauty and brilliant accomplishments, was ureu with deep I i'..'- .!. .1. LM. !.,.. 1...I.. lovo lur u.u im.i.ui. r..iu m.n j,u.ui....i outspoken in her tceiings, anil trequent 1 v ni me a red on tho street wearing the con federate colors.nnd on one occasion waved a confederate flag from her window in tho face of a regiment of union troops who were marching south.. Hor prom inent position in society rendered her subject to arrest, hut sho lied the city, ninda her way across tno J'oiomiie in a ut, and concealed nerseit on un isiaiiu SLic.tt.l l.nr nurulinru fill reiU'llltll? nlltitv,..,,,! yi,n wnsi'drdliillv received bv llssAv .lnd labored zealously in tho ius fx . ' rH!uei1 uy norsisiers,.ienny aim In ti.,.it , . ; . . . . 1 ui M irfiv l i. InNroy.andher brother, Wlb v n llnm N. Carey, Jr. Miss Carey soon went to Centervillc; then the advance post of tho confederacy, ami while there created great enthusiasm among the ranks by singing for the first time the now popular ulr of "Maryland, My Maryland." During the battle of Hull's 1 tun' it large body or troops appeared on tho left ot the confederate lines. Gen. lleaiircgarii supposed tlioy were federals, but soon learned that they belonged to Gen. Klrliv Smith's command. At that time tho confederate flag closely resent- bleu the national colors, nut tne next day lleaiiregard determined to change the design, and, after consultation with i.oe, selected ns the coniederate battle Hag a red field witli a blue enm-bar and eleven white stnrs. MUs Hattle. Carey and her sisters made three of these bat tle-flags, not. however, as thcv them selves say, out of their own silk dresses. T'he flag 'made by Mks Hattle was pre sented to llcattregard, ami the others to Gen. Joe Johnson and Gen, Karl Van Horn, "When I handed It to Gen. Hcati regard," said Mrs, Martin, in nar rating the circumstance to friends, "I requested him to wave it over the Wash ington monument in llaltimore, and be iromised mo that lie woiiM. lie lias, lowever, failed to do so," These were tho battle-flags of the south until the close of the war. In the last year of the war Miss Hattie, whoso beauty and ac- ompiishmeuts hud won such high ml- miration, was united in marriage to Gen. Pegraiu, who was soon after called uwav from his bride bv Sheridan's movement on his right, and fell dead while gallantly leaning his troops at the battle of Five Forks. His widow and her sisters remained to the last tenderly nursing the sick and wounded. After the close of the war tliev returned to Daltimorc, where Mrs. Pegram opened a young ladles' boarding school, which she conducted witli marked success, A few years ago she married Prof. II. Lmell "Martin, one of the professors of John Hopkins university, and she is now re siding in llaltimore. Time lias dealt gently with Mrs, Martin, wlio is almost as beautiful as ever, anil in the prime of mature womanhood, .Miss tonstance Carey married Mr. Ilurton N. Harrison, of New York, and Is now a resident of that citv. Boyish Ambition When a bov has ceu-ed to wish to be a clown lie desires to drive an engine; ami when that ambition is iusfd, bis next i to go to sea. It is isuiniis to ob serve the uniformity of opinion among iovs on these mutters. We never beard of a lad passionately anxious to lieu law yer, ami hiding himelt in corners in dr ier to read about the law; nor probably is a lad a small lad often found who li'Vote.H his days and nig its to thlnkiinr liow delightful it must be to lie n clergy man. To lie u stockbroker, a banker, a farmer, to be even a member of congress s not among the ambitions ot boys. I hoy would bo willing to shine us uc- tors, indeed, but on condition that they nuiear witli whitened cheeks, and with a g of mutton nnd a hot poker in their lockets. tl engineering they have lew ideas outside the notion that an engineer whether civil or otherwise, is an nidi vidual with a grimy face a distinct ad vantage to -boys, "most of whom abhor soup who stands behind the locomotive and makes it go along as fast as he pleases, not to mention whistling when ever he takes it into his head to enter a tunnel. The sea, however, is usually the boy's longest ami most earnest dream. And it is not a little extraordinary that the hardest, the roughest, and, having regard to the routine of itsilisciiiliiieund the character of its members, the most irosiae of all callings slumldstauilat the lead of the professions ll4 un inspiration nf sentiment, of poetry und of romantic fancies. The sea bits u charm lor the young which men call only understand by be coming boys again in laiieyaud thinking out of the minds tliev hud when boys, Were it possible exactly todeterinine all that a lad dreams about the sea, tlio Im- ulsc which moves him toward it, his ideas of life on board ship and the won- lers of the world into which the muriner sails, we should find the picture wanting neither in humor nor m pathos humor in tlio litter iinlikenes.s to the truth, und pathos in the generous, childlike imagin ation which flings its wonderful light over ono of the harsbet nnd mot un sympathetic of human facts, enriching it to such a degree that even tne mature mind is captivated by the boyish fancy regards the sea iroiu tho standpoint oi tlio dreaming, enthusiastic lad, Impaled, The impalement of persons sentenced to death for great crimes has been prac ticed in the Kast for many centuries. In Turkey, where tills punishment was most frequently inflicted, assusins whose crimes were of an aggravated character were always condemned to die on tho polo; und the traveler who penetrates into Asia Minor will now and then even in our times.riile oust slender mists erect ed along the roadside,on which tlie skele tons ol the unfortunates arc hanging who havo been put to death in this horrible manner. Saint Kdmo in his Dictiounaire de hi Penultio describes the manner in which tills punishment is inflicted us follows; "The unfortunate man who is to stiller leuth bv impalement is laid fiat on the ground, face downward. His hands are tied on ids buck, and one of tlio execu tioner's assistants sits down on bis back, so that the victim cannot move A se cond assistant holds tho culprit's head firmly to the ground, and a third assis tant seizes Ills legs, which ho holds so i.luit ho cannot move them. The execu tioner now approaches with tho Instru ment of death, a long stake or pole, which ho pushes into the body from behind. Tlio polo tapers almost to a point' but is rounded oil' some what at tho end, so that it will not penetrate the entrails all at once. The executioner pushes this polo into the flesh as far as ho can with his hands, whereupon n fourth assistant drives it in still further with a mallet. Now the polo,which has penetrated deep ly into the body of tho doomed man, is sot upright into the ground and tho vic tim is left to die upon it. Tho weight of the' laxly presses it turther down upon tho stako every moment, and the point finally protruues from the breast or side of tho culprit. Some of thoso upon whom thisjiorrinlo punishment has been inflict ed, died quickly, and their suffering was soon over, but "others are said to have suffered untold agony for hours, nnd even days, before death put an end to their torments." Impalement, horrible as it is, is not tho cruelist punishment inflicted in Ori ental countries. Particularly tlio Chi nese ami the inhabitants of Anaii), Coch in China and Slum seem to have exhaust ed all their powers of Invention in devis ing now and Insuflerablo torments for criminals or persons who had incurred tho mitred ot tno ruier oi uiose coun tries. In China rebels and traitors are liter ally cut into a thousand pieces. Tho exe- cuiiuuer n uo ii w carry uuv nun u.tuu fill sentence fastens the prisoner, who Is tied hand and foot, with a chain to a post, and makes an incision over the forehead of Ids victim. Ho nulls tho skin of tho forehead over the eyes of tlio suiiercr, so that he can no longer see. A largo basket with small knives is now placed beside tho executioner, who shakes them up several times, and then takes them up, ono by one, On eacli Kline is written tho name ol a part ot tho human body which the fiend who takes tho instrument of torture from the bask et proceeds to lacerate slowly. Little pieces of llesh and skin are cut from the struggling wretch, and w hen tlio execu tioner lias cut anil slashed one part, in Ills opinion, sufficiently, lie takes anoth er knife from the basket and proceeds as before until at last all the knives have been taken from the basket. Hut while the victim sutlers horrible torments the executioner operates on him with such skill that no vital parts are touched, and death diK's not come to the relict ol the sufferer. And when all tlie numbers of this terrible lottery of knives arc drawn, the bleeding body iif the unfortunate man is thrown to ravenous dogs, who, more merciful than their masters, soon put un end to tlie agonies of tlie doomed num. Another punishment said to have been inflicted in China on great criminals con. sistcd in being "brushed to death." The instrument employed in this torture was a wire bruh,witli which the executioner brushed, or rather scraped off the flesh of the culprit, a proceeding which natur ally consumed a great deal ol time. I he tormentor, with cnntimmutc skill, brush ed around all great veins and arteries to prevent the victim Iroiu bleeding to death, and kept him alive for a long time. In Siiim tin dentil penally was inflict ed on rebel by having then'i trampled to death by elephants. Other had a small cocoanut forced into their mouth mi that they had to starve. Other horrible punishments have been inflicted by Oriental despots, nnd many of tlieni have taken particular pains ti vn rv the pains, changing the mode of their torment with everv siiU'erer. Itut the above instances will suffice to show what cruelties are practiced in those countries. Chicago's Mall in n Cindlo Djx. Chit 1.1:11 Ihlrr.l'rctiii. "Yes," said old I'licle John Hate yes terday, "the Chicago post-olllce is a'big institution, but I remember when one man could manage the whole business unit not lie overworked either. In IS.'1'J the post-office wa situated in an upper room of a log building which stood on Lake street, 'flic building wa partly occupied by an Indian trailer, and in the other part,' tlie .smallest comer, was the post-olllce. Jonathan V. Hailey was the postmaster and 1 was his deputy. There was not much for either of us to do. but while we M'pt the olhce I bought hides ami traded with the Indians. When the lllack Hawk war broke out in 1K.TJ Ikiilev's wife, who was delicate, became so frightened that he had to take her away, and I was left in charge of the office. Hailey never returned, and as Deputy Postu'uitcr I kept the office for three years. At iirt there was not more than a pound and a bull' in the whole collection of letters and papers that came to the place, but bclore the end ot my term it increased until it weighed about KNI pounds. A good part ot the time I kept the olliee in a candle box. When any one called for it letter 1 took down the box and looked over the whole col lection. I knew very well whether there were any letters or not, but I liked to be accommodating to the people 11 ml would let them see lor themselves that none ol the letters in the box belonged to them. A Frenchman came once 11 week from Nile, Mich., und in a pairof saddle-bags thrown over Ids horse carried all the mail that came to Chicago. This was the olliee for all the northern counties in thi state and about half of Wisconsin. The people of Cook. DuPage, Will, Me- llenry, and l.a nalle counties, and nil tlio territory between here and the Mis- sis.iqu Kiver, came into Chicago lor their mail, I hey did not come very olten once in two or three weeks, mid then one nniii would come from n county and Inquire for all his neighbors. There were little settlements scattered about, a few families in a place. I'p where Milwau kee now is there was one man living, but at Green Hay there was a settlement, und an Indian came down for the mail. I was paid oil' for my services in having the lionor of serving the government. (Ion. Jackson was President and W. T. llarrv was Postmaster General. I re member both of them that is. in my ollicial relation." Oar Golden Days. When are our golden duv? And what are tliev'.1 Tlie-o are inquiries that will naturally suggest themselves to our minds ho'mestimo during life; but more especially to those who have reached the years of womanhood and manhood. Tliev will readily answer, in childhood were our golden days. How calm and serene everything then seemed to glide along ami fond dreams of happiness and pleas ure were Mowing trom the soul us the rays of light from tlie sun. 'Ask the middle-aged or the old when were their golden nays and they will certainly say in childhood, when they were hut sclioobchildreii. Then how necessary it is that they bo well im proved. 'This is the time in which to lav up a store of useful knowledge that it may yield a rich harvest in after years. In youth we seo more manifestly and divinely portrayed, the goodness ami excellence of God. All nature seems a paradise of loving purity to tlio youths of our hind; nut as wo, step ny step, move onward, its charms for us seem to fade away until the brightness and brilliancy are "not appreciated by us as it should be. If we, during theso flitting moments use tho power ami talent, which are but free gifts from God, it will not be said of us that wo wore but mere stumbling blocks in tho way of others, but that wo possessed tlio highest attributes that properly qualify us to act tlio part of tho noble men an women. It is true that our responsibilities will bo greater, but if we uro guided by tho impulse of conscience wo can erase from life's history many a shadow thot tends to make tho pathway gloomy and forlorn. Wo should always do thu best we can, whatever be our circumstances, und when that is done, wo will seo an opening for something better. How many to-day among tho living, have spent and are spending golden days that were given tlieni for a noble purpose, In loitering around like tlio sluggard, saying a little more sleep and a littlu moro slumber? Kach ono of us was created for somo grand and noble purpose, and In order to find out what that purposo Is, wo must begin in early life to 'ascertain, because wo know ()ur days, at most, are but few. We could make life ono grand, golden holiday, it we would hut put lorth tho proper eflbrts to mako It so, The more an Idea Is doveloped.the more concise necoiues lis expression; xue more a tree Is pruned, the hotter the fruit. CYCLONES. Electricity the Vital Force of the Windy Mon sters. (Iiitmlrw with iTof. VAMif (lny, ofChln.Kn.) "What is the cause of cyclones.''' "They are tlio result of "atmospherical conditions. The immediate cause is the meeting of two bodies of air of unequal temperature. The greater the inequali ty and volume the moro terrible the ef fect. Tlie first effect of the sudden meet ing of tlie two volumes greatly differing in temperature is rapid condensation of moisture. This sets free a vat amount of latent heat and electricity. In other words words it releases tlio vast amount of la tent and electricity, hi other words it energy, but now become active, or en ergy in motion, It seeks to equalize it sell, and in so doing assumes various forms of motion, "Tornados only occur tinder peculiar conditions; that N, where there Is a sud den meeting of vast volumesofalrgreat ly differing in temperature, as before stated. 'I hose conditions nre most gen erally found (luring the mouths of March, April and June. You will no tice tlmt they begin further south early in the spring. Later in May and June, the meeting point of the hot and cold current change its liife and moves fur ther north. Later still, when the tem perature lias become sufficiently equal ized, tornado disappear or very seldom occur. "A storm may be compared to a body of water dammed up. If the water is released it will run out ami seek Its low er level. It Mill run fast or slow, ac cording to the opportunity it ha. The time it will consume in running out will depend on two tilings; First, thcumniint of water pent up; and second, tlie size of tlie breach made in the dam. If the breach is small and the body of water large, it will be a long time "running out. Hut if the breach is large enough It will run out in a very short time. In both Instance the same amount of energy will be expended in emptying the pond. In the first case, 110 ilamage will be done as tlie water runs out gradually and Is a long time about it. in the 'other In stance, however, there may be great damage because the whole force is spent in 11 very short time. "In the ease of a tornado, the very rapid condensation causes a verv rajiiil ami vast accumulation of electrici ty. For some unexplained reason the funnel tissumes a gyratory motion, ami, as the cloud becomes mure heavily charged with electricity, it is attractcil to the earth, which is charged with an opposite kind of electricity. After con tact with the eartli it usually rises again until the charge grows stronger, when it is attracted to the ground, which re lieves it of some ol its force. Thus it goes on rebounding like a ball until its electrical energy is exhausted and the cloud rises to its natural position. "Tlie force which gives the cyclone its great power is electricity, and' us soon as it is disarmed 01 its electrical phases these very violent exhibitions of force cease. "We never have cyclones along the lake shore on account of the inline: ce the lake has over the temperature of the air. The hike atmosphere probably extends to the upper limit of- atmos phere." "Is there any prevention of cyclones?" "Possihlv nothing within tlie imme diate reach of man. The planting of torests might obviate their ellect. As long as cold bodies of air drop into the hot masses next the ground there is no ell'ectual way of prevention." Could not n storm lie broken by ex plosives?" "Kxplo-ives might disperse a small water-spout, but not 11 great funnel with so much energy to expend." 'is there no honoheiul side to cy clones?" "Thcv could not exist, doubtless, without the conditions which cuter into them." AUniqneSoat of Learning. A normal school at Hampton, Va,, at its recent commencement graduated thir ty pupils, nine of whom were Indians. 'I'his interesting experiment in the co education of races is achieving results far beyond the earlier anticipations of its founders. The school now owns (HKI acres of land. Tlio general government allows $K7 a year for each Indian pupil. Theio are HI endowed scholarships and some invested funds yielding $t,lHNI an nually. From the national land grant 10,1 Kill, a year allowed to the school by tho state of Virginia. Other require ments of support ure fiirnidied by the farm, the dairv anil mechanical product. One hundred and nine of the .'S' students this year are Indians. There are !ll!l young men and boys, ami L'.'i'.i girls. The property of the school includes Weuoimh lodge, a" line building devoted to the ue of I iiilian liovs. a machine-shop for finish ing, and a lir.-t-clas miw mill equipped with a line Corlis engine and the latet machinery. The plant of the institute is valued at ftlod.UtlO, ami oil this there i pot a dollar of indebtedness. u all the shop Indian and negro youth work side bv side in perfect harmony. The agricultural and mechanical tasks which torni the baisot the institution are enter ed into with spirit by both races. In the shoe-shop a genuine Zulu, Imported by Harnuiu. works beside the sou of a New Mexican Indian chief. All are taught the great lesson'of self-help, and go out among their kinsmen well cpuipped to impart to others the knowledge they have gained. So far as the Hampton school students are concerned, the pro blem of race is already solved. The Future of the Graduate. Some of tho graduating class always tells us 011 commencement day that the college course has been undertaken only as a preparation for practical life. That Is, no doubt, the intention, but how few realize what It means as it trips glibly from the tongue, That graduate is an exception who leaves college without the feeling that the world is to lie very easily conquered. During his college days'ho lias been ablo largely to meas ure his achievements. In one term lie can say, "1 have advanced so far in a knowledge of the Latin ami have learn ed so many principles of geometry and know how to apply them to tlio practical end. 1 havo absorbed the essence of 'Kant's Critique of the Pure lteuson."' In tlio new life It will all be different. While in college he could count upon long uninterrupted days for a single piece of work, he will now find In practical life liardlv uninterrupted hours, while business duties will be pulling him a dozen wavs at once. How often we are disappointed to find in alter life that the young man or woman who was looked upon as brilliant In college ami sure to make bis mark in the world, bus settled down into tlio dead level of mediocrity nml is content to earn Ids livelihood like tho rest of tho world's working folk. Tills Is probably for tho best. Tho best work which the college docs is not tho elevation of a few nbovo their fellow-beings, but, on tho contrary, tho broadening, ennobling and sweetening of common human life by pouring ed- Heated men and women into the common ranks to llvo and to work there. Tho, "sweet girl graduate" will find impor tant work knocking nt her door aside from her regular vocation. If sho is a girl of tho right spirit, after having been treated as the equal of young men in college, she will not lie willing to settle down in actual life as un inferior and subordinate citizen of the stnte. Tho "woman question" is assuming new Im iKirtencc In these days, nnd the lady graduates of our schools and colleges must have it strong influence in deter mining the result of tills increasing agi tation. The majority of intelligent men would today welcome women to equal political privileges with themselves, for the sake of getting intelligent help'ln putting down the drink trallle and other evils, did pot so many of the women themselves hang back'and look with In- dlfi'crence upon the betterment of their own sex. Our lady graduates will be asked to take hold of this matter and do something. One can at least speak to iter menus nun get them thinking about it, too. If all would do this, bow great would be the aggregate influence. The Confederate Salt-Works. A correspondent of "The Philadelphia Ledger" gives an interesting account of Saltville, near the Clinch mountains, in West lennessee, where the southern icoplc obtained their salt during the ate rebellion. The locality Is 11 basin inclosing about six hundred acres, the bed of a former bike, forming ono of those rieli blue-grass bottoms thill nre worth a fortune to the cattle-raiser, and underlying it 1 a salt rock. Hero I made the salt that supplies western ir- ginia, eastern Tennessee, and northern Georgia and Alabama. In IMS George . Palmer, a New orksalt-niakerfrom Syracuse, came to the region and went into tlie salt-making industry in a small way. Well were sunk, piercing the salt-rock, the water biineath it wa raised to tlie surface, boiled In pans, and the salt thus obtained. Tlie industry was In moderate operation when the rebel lion began, ami it then extended in an amazing way. The blockade of the .southern ports cut oil' all the outside supply of salt, and here almost the entire confederacy bad to come for it. Tim manufacture was made 11 national one, each southern state established its agen cy, paying a royalty for the salt produced and Col. Pnltno'r, extending hi business, took in Gen. Stuart as a partner. They are now probably the two wealthiest inch in Virginia. Ihiring the war federal troop destroyed the work, but after they left the manufacture wa resinned. It "was enonnoiisiv profitably for the owners, who turned out as much as ten million bushels a year. The receipt of confederate money weie at time so heavy that they Int'd not the opportunity to count it, but bundled It up, taking the account a sent them. As gold appre ciated and the paper accumulated they bought land. In this way Stuart got seventy thousand acres, and Palmer bought out all the region surrounding Salt Lick, tints getting a magnificent es tate of twelve thousand acres, on which he now lives witli his brother, ami breeds many thousands of sheep and hundred of iiuc' cuttle. Tlie salt indus try by this process often produced tlieni un acre of land for a bushel id' salt in the high war prices, but the production has now fallen oil', about r,(M),tKKI bushels being turned out annually. A Patient Wife. The Texas Siftings thus records the testimony of a loving wife: "I heard," said the kind-hearted Austin female phil anthropist to the woman who lived 111 a dilapidated shanty in the suburbs, whoso head was tied up iiud who bad one arm in a sling, "I have hoard that your hus band beat-you, ami I would consult with you to sc ii' we could not restrain him." "You ure mistaken, madam; my bus baud never beats me. We have lived together fifteen year, and be never beat me yet," and the woman adjusted her arm 'in the sling. "I 11111 so glad to bear that I am mis taken." replied the female philanthro pist. "No." continued the woman, sndly.put ting the bandage over her eye, "he has never struck me 11 blow yet. He has kicked 1110 in a dozen dill'erent place forty different times; he bus taken me by my two ears and bumped my bead 011 tlie Door or on the corner id' the mantel piece; he lias poured hot water down my back; pulled out my hair by the handful, and be has stuck pins in 1110 a time or so; he feeds the horse on my new spring bonnet, but he has never beat me yet, ami, until he does, I don't think I ought to complain." Wrecks of Washington Life. Wii-liliiL'lim ('nr. The streets of Washington are lined with old battered wrecks that the waves ami winds of politics have east ashore from time to time, it is a fact, Iiowuut well known here, that a majority of thoe who are forced out of public lile and set tle in Washington turn out a "ne'er do wools." I know a graduate of Harvard College, who was himself the President of a college, a Senator in Congress, and subsequently in a position of abnost un equalled power, who "settled" in Wash iiigton. brink and cards brought him to ruin, and be was, if 1 am not mista ken, once in jail and many times in tho station house. Ho was a superior schol ar, an eloquent speaker and an able thinker. It was not unusual for Iiim to accost Ills former friends nnd ask for 11 quarter to buy him something to eat. Whore he is now I do not know. I know of as sad a case in tlio lower houo a man of commanding mind and presence and rarely gifted as an orator, lie wns at one t i tne a member of the constitu tional convention of Kentucky, nfter wards a member of tho State legislature of California, and was elected to codify the laws of that State; was an elector on the Fremont ticket in 1850; wns Re ceiver of Public Moneys in 0110 of tlio Territories, and stibseqiientley Surveyor General, and then served Jwo terms in tlio House. Ho was sought by all tho scientific, religious ami literary societies here, and stood as high us any man in either branch of Congress. Well, what of it? you ask, Well, thi of it; For several vcars past that mini kept ono of tho lowest dives and brothels In the city, where young men and weak men were lured llv rum, curds and women. He died the other day in this miserable hov el, ami was followed to thu grave by a depraved creature of the town whom he called his wife, I can point out to you ex-Senators hero who can scarcely buy their breakfasts, who are so seedy and dilapidated that they will cross tho street rather than meet an old friend. There are ex-cabinet officers who used to be spatter "us common people" witli mud from their carriage wheels ns they rolled grandly on, who aro now nut recognized bv tliolr former associates. There are ox-Genorals in the nriny, wIiomj names have liouorablo mention 111 history, ana on whoso shoulders tho double star of a Mnjor-Gcneral set with pride, now si poor ui)d helpless that thoy aril oj' hungry without a c?nt to buy food y f J J. 1 ' z'