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Ay il. Count)? 39TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 12, 1904. NUMBER 9 Arrival and Departure of Mails at the Postoffice, Oregon, Mo. MAILS DEL'AIiT- 7 :S0 a. m. For Omaha-lanu intermediate points, and all points north, east and west. d 12:10 p.m. For allJpointfJjiorth, south, nst and west, lexcept JTarkio and Villisca branches. For St. Joseph and intermediate :415 a. m. points. 3 :SO p. m. For New Point only. lOieoa. m. Helwii supplied by Itnral Car rier, Koute No. 2. 4:30 p. th. For Villisca, north, mail to all points north, feast, south and west, except intermediate be tween Forest ity and St. Joseph MAILS ARRIVE. Omaha Mails from all mhiiUs, north, east, xmth and west. Villisca and 'Tarkio Valley branches. Mails from north east, south and west. 8:50 a. m. 10:30 a. m. 1 1 :30 a. m. 3:15 p. in. From New Point only. Main line K. C. St. Joe. & C. B. Mails rom all point, north south, e.istaud west. From St. Joseph. Rural Route No. :J, leave. Re turns at 4:00 p. in. Rural Route, No. 1, leaves. Re turns, 4:00 j). m. 6 :00 p. in. o:oo a. in. 9:45 a. m. Rural Route, No. leaves. Re turns at 4:00 i m. Mails are made up promptly 1T minute. be fore departing time. New Point mail arrives and departs daily except Sunday. Mail to Fort eeue, Rulo and point on th B & M. in Nebraska within 100 miles of this office, should be mailed before S:45 a. m. in order to reach its destination the same day. Mails for main line of K. A, St. Joe. & C. II. north and south, are made up and depart at the same time. Republican Convention. To the Republican Kieetorsof Molt. County: In accordance with an order of the Repub lican State Committee, a call is hereby issned to the Republican vofet-s of Holt Coun ty to meet in their respective voting precinct on SATl'RDAV, FERRCARY '27, .t. at 2 j. m., to select, delegate to a con vention which is called f meet at Forest Citv, 7lo.. on Monday, February J!, IWi, at. 10 a. m.. for the pur pose of select hit: S delegates to Republican State Convention which is called to meet, in Kansas City, Mo., on March VMU. at 10a. m. Also to. select S delegates to Republican Con gressional Convention to bu held at St. Jo seph, Mo., March 15. 101, ai 11 a. m. The basis of representation will be one delegate for i:ach fill votes or fraction thereof cast, for Win. Mc-Kpile-y for President in li'Otl. The allot ment of deleiratt for the various townships under sucn ratio will he as follows Townships, Votes. Delegates. Kenton Rinelow .. Clay Forbes Forest Hickorv Liberty ... Lincoln ... Lewis Mint on Nodaway I'nion ;;i; S'i. - IK lsj t: 152 117. sr. 4v.; net ....... !7!) .. 4 ... 4 Total ....rtt :i j Done by order of County Commit tee this 2nd dav of February, Wl. T. C. DUXCAX. Chairman, i NEVI LJ.I2 DICKSOX, Secretary. j Mrs. Jacob Rung died at nor home in Perkins, Oklahoma, Jan. IS, 1904, leaving a husband and five children, the youngest being a babe of a few weeks, Mr. Rung formerly resided near this city and went to the new country some twelve years ago. His father, Adam Rung, died in this city March S, 1S92, and resided in the property now occupied by G. W. Clark, near the school house. Charley McCouib, a farm hand in the employ of Joseph Groves, was thrown from a load o! hay Jan. 2!), 1901, and his leg was broken above the ankle. FEBRUARY SMTWT P S i Lincoln's Birthday. j To-day, February 12, 1809, Abraham i Lincoln was born. It was of greater historical significance than any similar one in the present century. It implied the advent, under the crudest condi tions, of a character that was to become one of the moit beloved and illustrious i of modern times. There is no satisfac tory explanation of its origin, no suffi cient method of accounting for its quali ties. It seems simply to have happened, and beyond that it is a mystery. The closest investigation has failed to reveal any of those potent hereditary influences by which other noted figures can be traced back to the original source of their superiority. We only know of this splendid addition to the constellation of famous men of the first magnitude that he was of the humblest pare ntage and I antecedents, that he was deprived of the advantages of education, and that h's development was effected under draw backs of every description. But it is easly to see in following the course of his life that he was richly gifted by na ture, and that his success was in a sense predestined. It was not by accident that he overcame all of the obstacles that he encountered, and made himself the foremost man of the age. He had i i his composition the elements of dis tinction, and circumstances became his servants because he was born to have mastery over them, as he was also born to be a leader of men. It d'tes not matter, however, from whence Lincoln derived his extraordinary abilities. That is a question which does not in tie least affect the important fact of his predominance in the history of the f entury. No other country has pro duced during this period a man to com pare with him. He had distinguished men for contemporaries, and distingu ished men have succeeded him, but not one among them is worthy to be placed beside him in the assessment of personal values. The fame that he won was not for a day, but for all time. His name is more precious to hi couutry and to the world now than it was when he ditd. The more he is talked about, the greater ho grows. He is one of the few supreme personages that gain by discussion and intimate study. The numerous books written about him, with all their de tails of his public and private life, have not disclosed a single reason for doubt ing his right to the highest honor and the most aiTectiouato remembrance. It is only the simple truth to say that much as he was esteemed while he lived, he was not fully appreciated. There was much more of him titan even his best friends understood. The light of later years, the result of careful analysis, the revelation of new facts, may be said to have steadily increased his claims to admiration: and it is safe to predict that the time will never como wheu ho will cease to have been regard ed as the greatest man of the nineteenth century, and one of the greatest in the whole history of civilization. Saturday last as a party was pass ing the Jim Brown place, he broke the swingle tree to his buggy. He deliber ately helped himself to one of Jim's, put it on and hiked out on his journey. To avoid trouble, Jim warns the fellow that he had better return that swingle tree, County Court. County court after a busy week, ad journed Saturday afternoon last, and the proceedings will be found quite in teresting. Much time of the court was consumed in hearing road cases, and but for these troublesome matters.much time would be saved, and the business of the court could be disposed of in one half the time. During the present term it is safe to say that fully one-third of the court's time was consumed in hear ing road matters. Several road district commissioners failed to file their annual teports and the clerk was ordered to ir-sue citations. Patents were ordered issued for lots 1 and 2 in the northeast quarter of 25, GO, 37 and for lot 2 in northwest quarter of 25, 60, 37. Assessor Weightman returned his as sessment books, and a warrant for 71, 0G5.35 was ordered issued in payment for his work. The court appointed the following road commissioners: District. 1 Charles McAfee, 3 years. 2 -Daniel Hardman, 3 years. 3 -Albert Hardman, 3 years. 3 W. P. Meyer, 1 year. 4 L A. DeBord, 3 years. 5 John C. Heck, 3 years. 6 -Jos G. Wilson, 3 years. 7 Jacob Bucher, 3 years. 7 - Ptiilip Schlotzhaur, 1 year. 8 J. L. Anno, 3 years 9 D. T. Romine, 3 years. 10 J. F. Bridgeman, 3 years. 11 E. L Gaffnoy, 2 years. 12 Joseph Wise, 3 years. Thrf court ordered the following val uations be placed on the various rail road property in the county: Valuation of the K. C. St. Joseph and U. ts railroad be raised from $4,IKJU Zo 810,000 per mile. Nodaway Valley branch be raised from $2,000 to $5,000. Tarkio Valley branch be raised $2,000 to $5,000. From Forbes depot $ 400 Forest City depot 600 Forest City water tank.. . 500 Bigelow depot 500 Bigelow engine house 400 Bigelow water tank 500 Bigelow coal shutes 1,000 Napier depot 800 Craig depot 600 Corning section house 200 Corning water tank 600 Corning coal sheds 200 Mound City depot 600 Maitland depot 600 Maitland water tank 500 Napier section house 200 St. Joseph & Nebraska.. . Fortescue depot 1,500 Atchison & Nebraska Missouri river bridge from To $ 6-30 900 800 800 500 700 1,200 900 900 300 900 300 800 800 700 300 10,000 1,800 10,000 75,000 xi warrant for $247 was ordered in favor of John Gilligan for building the 40-foot bridge at James Wilson's place north of Mound City and for moving and repairing the 60-foot bridge over Big Tarkio, '!.& miles northeaBt of Corn ing A warrant for 815U was ordered in favor of the Missouri Bridge & Iron Company for building a 2S-fool pile bridge, 3 miles east of Forbes, near John Mead's; also a warrant for $287 for building bridge near Monarch school house. Lippman & Foster were granted per mission to withdraw their saloon peti tion. It-will be remembered at the late term of our circuit court, the proceed ings in granting the petitioners a saloon license were held to be void on account of imperfect bond having been filed. The road petition of D. T. Romine and others was takeu up, and Coin mis sioner Landon was ordered to view, sur vey and mark out the proposed road and to make report at the next regular term of the court. Dr. W. C. Proud was appointed county physician. Circuit Clerk Hogrefe filed his report of amount of cot bills for January term for which the county is liable, as being $33?.lO: petit jury script issued, SUSS. 20: fines imposed, $2,S57. in the road petitioned for Gottloib Ott and others, Joe II. Murray, Hugh Bro han and James Cord rev were named an commissioners to assess damages The road and bridge commissioner was instructed to view and mark out the road as petitioned for by L. Landreth and others, and alsr the road petitioned for by D. Graham and others, and to tile his report at the March term of court. County Physician Proud reported the jail and county infirmary in excellent sanitary condition. There were ten male inmates at the county infirmary, and all were humanely cared for. George Quick resigned as road com missioner for district 7. The petition of J. H. Meader and oth ers to vacate a road was dismissed by the court. Sebourn Carson was appointed super intendent of the poor farm, at $250 per annum. The saloon license of S. J. Schultz, at Corning, was renewed. A petition was presented, asking the court to grant right of way for con struction of the Squaw Creek Drainage, ditch. Disposition of petition was con tinued. The various road commissioners made their annual reports as follows: DISTRICT 2 NODAWAY. To poll tax $ 387 00 Personal 80 83 Real estate 205 06 Total $ 672 89 By disbursements 646 51 Balance $ 2G 38 DISTRICT 4 CLAY. To poll tax S 543 00 Real estate 507 29 Personal 167 96 Total Disbursements ..81,218 25 . . . 1,425 29 Debit S 207 04 DISTRICT 5 MHKRTY. To poll lax S 619 68 Personal 120 76 Real estate 522 80 Total 1,263 24 Disbursements 1,256 87 Balance S 0 37 DISTRICT 7 LEWIS. To poll tax g 58S 00 Personal 146 23 Real estate 275 46 Total 81,009 69 Disbursements 8S7 95 Balance S 121 74 DISTRICT 8 VORKST. To poll tax 8 462 00 Personal 30 84 Real estate 157 03 Total 8 649 87 Disbursements 646 15 Balance 8 3 72 DISTRICT 9 MINTON. To poll tax $ 387 00 Real estate.. ..; 187 34 Personal 59 97 Total $ 634 31 Disbursements 414 01 Balance $ 220 30 DISTRICT 11 UNION. To poll tax....4 $ 582 00 Real estate 416 82 Personal 183 81 Total $1,182 as Disbursements 1,104 49 Balance $ 78 14 DISTRICT 12 LINCOLN. To poll tax 8 2G4 00 Real estate 153 08 Personal 99 79 Total $ 516 87 Disbursements 404 25 Balance $ 112 62 The assessment of the Western Union Telegraph Company was ordered placed upon the tax books at the following valuations: Poles, $50 per mile; wire, $28 per mile. The Western Telephone Company, wire, $15 per mile; poles, SCO p?r mile. Thw following is the abstract of the assessor's book for taxes for 1904: Value. Acres, 281,643 83,010,069 Town lots, 4,500 731.525 Total land values 81,372,135 7.6G6 horses 8 183,163 2,100 mules 61,610 36 asses 2,510 22,169 cattle 332,6J0 1,173 sheep 1,S03 30,949 hogs 153,560 Money's, notes, etc 908.90 Banks, stocks, etc 159,5'JO All other 237.720 Total personal 82,151,210 Total real estate 1,372,1S5 I Total taxable wealth 86,523,395 The bank assessments are as follows: Real Stock. estate. Zonk & Roecker $17,760 $1,250 Citizens' 17,100 0,100 Holt County 12,320 1.500 Bank of Mound City.... 12.710 1,500 Exchange 7,000 0,0(0 Farmers,' Maitland 14,700 l.."i00 People's, Maitland 13.020 700 Heaton 17,500 2,0! 0 Farmers & Merchants.. . 11.180 2,0l0 People's. Corning 11,230 O.Ot'O Forest City 18,79u 560 Bigelow 5.80-:) 500 ! There are some things improved bv time and experience, and eomc that isn't for instance, Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Patterson think that son that came to bring joy and sunshine to their home on Fab. 10. 1904, is the sweetest and pret tiest baby ever born and they wont lis ten to anything else. But Dr. Evans says, he can't see there is any improve ment on the other two boys, for all three are boys to be proud of. George is surely fixing to farm. Circuit Court. According to promise, Judge Ellison materialized on Thursday of last week, and held court for two days, adjourning court Friday afternoon late, and in these two days disposed of the ditch tax and accretion cases. On Friday, the court decided the Corning Ditch tax cases. There are about 70 of the cases. They arose out of a proceeding instituted in August, 1873, under the drainage law of 1869. Under the proceedings then instituted, W. S. Canon and II. K. S. Robinson, contractors, dug whit is known as the Corning ditch. Near the bsginning of the work, Holt county issued warrants to Cannon & Robinson to an amount figured out by commissioners appointtd b the county court. These warrants Cannon & Robinson sold in order to get money to dig the ditch. After the ditch was nenrly done, July 20, 1874, it was discovered that the commissioners had made a mistake of one-third in the amount of these warrants. The men who first bought these warrants still hold them. These warrants have been the subject matter of much litigation in this county. A mandamus was issued from the supreme court in 1900, com manding the proper authorities of this county to levy a tax to pay these war rants. A similar case is State ex rel, Frazer vs. Holt county. The court de cided against the warrant holder; that is, it was held that the county had no right to collect the unpaid amount of these warrants from the taxpayers in the Corning ditch district because there was a mistake, even though the warrant holders had paid money value when they were issued. The cases were ap pealed to the supreme court. What 16 known as the accretion cases i i which F. W. Walters and others, of Corning, are interested, was decided Fri day in favor of Walters. It is a case in which land, by some asserted to be an island in the Missouri river west of Corning, was settled some years ago. The settlers claimed ownership by ad verse possession and the statute of lim itations and against Walter and others because it was not accretion to the shore line of Walters and others. The court decided all these points in favor of plaintiffs, Walters and others. The case was appealed. Millions Destroyed by Flames. On Sunday last, Feb 7, 1904, one hundred acres of towering buildings and wholesale structures were laid in waste in Baltimore, Maryland, by raging flames. No more valuable district could have been found in Baltimore than that swept by the fire. The flames wiped out of existence about seventy-five blocks in the very heart of the business center of the city. Beautiful stone; structures -banks, trust companies, board of trade, city hall, postoffice made it one of the finest and costliest centers in the United States. The burned district is fully two miles square, and it is two miles square of utter ruin and desolation. Scores of what were palati.il, modern, so called fire-proof on the day before, were within twenty-four hours so many piles of debris. The property loss will reach $150,000,000. One fireman was killed and thirty-five per rons injured. 3.500 buildings were des troyed. This fire will rank very close to the great Chicago tire of 1871. It seemed easy enough for the flames to wipe out a largo portion of such a place as Chicago was thirty-three years ai:o, but it would appear that a city so solid as Baltimore would offer much resistance to anything like widespread destruction by firo. It is one of the oldest of American cities and ranks th sixth in population, hav ing according to the r.KJU census, ;u)S, 957. It is a very rich ci'y, but such a calamitous visitation as it has jiot suf fered involves a loss of time and a cer tain element of rutn, that is too costly to be estimated in dollars and cents. There is always, in cases like this, the compensation of new and better con struction, but the memory of a disaster like that in Baltim re on the 7th is some thing to recoil from Tor man jears af ter it is past. The Forest City Star property sold last week by O. li. King to a F. R. Burkurst, of Stanhope, Iowa, tok possession and issued his first was Mr. ivho ia- per, changing the name to the Forest City Press. We are led to believe from the appearance of the first issue that the new man at the bellows is a printer, and knows something of the business, and we welcome him as a member of the newspaper gang of Holt county, and we trust his highest expectations may be fully realized. Brother King while publishing the Star gave the people of Forest City the cleanest and best pa per ever published there. For reasons satisfactory to himself he chose to dis pose of the Star and has returned to Mound City, where we understand he will again go to work on the News. We trust that only good luck may followhim and his excellent family. THREE VICTORIES FOR JAPAN The Jans Put Seven Russian, War Ships Cut of Commis8on, and Block the Harbor at Part Arthur. The cessation of diplomatic relations between Japan and Russia on Saturday last. appears to have beon a progressive step in the direction of open conflict be tween these nations. Japan, weary of Russia's delays and evasions, ended the discussion by recalling her minister and his entire staff from St. Petersburg, and Russia summoned its legation from To kio. It is the general belief that Russia de liberately precipitated the crises by se cretely dispatching from Port Arthur transports loaded with a full division of troops and escorted by a flot landed them, thus accupying north Korea. Japanese patience became exhausted and moved her ships and took unre stricted possession of certain merchant vessels belonging to Russia and took possession of Seoul, the capital of Ko rea, and these actions meant war, and Jap in thus affirms her confidence and ability to cope with the colossal empire of the Romanoffs. The struggle now on is to be deplored for those humanitarian reasons which cause the world to shrink from blood shed, and from all of the horror and misery that follow in the wake of war. The struggle began in earnest on Monday of this week, by the Japanese fleet attacking the Russian fleet at Port Arthur. The net result of the first day of the struggle appears to be that seven Russian war ships have beon disabled, and that the Japanese have sustained little or no damage. Three of the dis abled Russian war vessels are beached at the entrance to the inner harbor at Port Arthur, which were suukjby Japa nese terpedo boats on Monday at mid night. Two more were disabled at the same point Tueaday, and two more bad ly crippled at Chemjlpo, on the west border of Korea, on the Yellow sea. The beaching of these monster dogs of war in the harbor of Port Arthur, will practically bar the passage of ves sels in or out of the harbor. Japan is landing thousands of troops at all the chief points of southern and western Korea. The Russian army is advanc toward the Yalu river. In the Social Realm- Quite a few neighbors and friende surprised Mrs. Margaret Carder at her home Friday evening of last week, the occasion being her 69th birthday, and about 6:30 a sumptuous supper was served. Those present were C J. Fuhr man and wife, Rev. H. E. Bower, R. B. Bridgeman, Mrs. Geii and children, Kraeraer H. Zachman, Misses Myrtle Fuhman, Elsie Carder, and Alice Price. Mrs. Carder received several nice re membrances. Saturday afternoon Miss Louise Holt greve entertained a few of her girl friends, at her home about a mile west of town. The afternoon was pleasantly spent making candy and enjoying them selves. Those present were: Blanche Maryland, Lorraine King, Mary Moore Anna Curry and Mary Zook. A very nice time was spont. Letter List. The following letters remain uncalled for in the postoffice at Oregon, Mo., for the week ending February 12, 1904: E A. Burton, Ollie Smith. When calling for the above please say "advertised." Tom Cuurv, Postmaster. Kelso. Miss Ellie Huba is spending tha winter with her sister, Mrs. Lena Beall, of St. Louis. John S. Nixon, of Nebraska, was visitiug friends in this neighborhood, Saturday and Sunday. The Kelso school is progressing nicely with Sherman Coon as principal and Miss ElTie Triplott as primary. Wm. P. Triplett, who sold his farm to John Gleason, left with his family on January 28, 1901, for Stillwater, Okla., where ho expects to make his future home. Fred Cook, who graduated recently in the commercial course of the tar.r berry Normal school, left a few days ago for St. Joseph, where he hopes to find a "j b." Fred graduated several years ago from the Craig High school. Charles Hoskings and family, of Platte county, this state, were visiting their relatives, the Randall's, in Craig and vicinity, for several days last week.,. While here, Mr. Hoskings looked around for some good mules, but did not find many for sale. Rep. Anyone knowing the whereabouts of the white satin W. C. T. U. banner will confer a favor Dy giving informa tion to the officers of the Oregon Union.