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GRAND OLD MISSOURI.
LOYAL OLD HOLT COUNTY. MISSOURI IS REDEEMED ! NOW EXAMINE THE BOOKS. WHERE IS PLATTE COUNTY! BRYAN IS NOW SMILING. I i i 4 i 1 t 3 I i t e c t t D t 0 P t b x. s b k ii CI t) a w w Si Some Early School History. In looking over the legislative pro ceedings House and Senate journals, way back in the '40's and Wb, we find ome interesting data concerning Holt ounty. In those days the various state officials in publishing their official re ports, they were printed in the House and Senate journals, and not in separate volumes, as is now done by the state auditor, state superintendent of schools and the state board of equalization. In 1848 Falkland li; Martin was state superintendent o? schools, and we find the total amount of state school money apportioned was 137,840, or 40 cents to each child. Holt county at that time had but four townships, and the total number enumerated in the county was 880, apportioned to these townships as follows: Lewis, 399; Benton, 99; Noda way, 279; Dallas, 103. The total amount -of money distributed wad S252. At this time Andrew county had 2395 children and received $958; Atchison, G32 and $252 80; Buchanan, 3418 and $1367.20; Nodaway, 718 and $287; Platte; 2851 and $1140.40 a total in the sis counties now -comprising this congressional district of 10,894 children and 4,357.40 distributed. The 1904 enumeration of Nodaway coun ty shows 9323 children, and $12,035 dis tributed '$7,678 more money than was distributed to the entire six counties fifty-six years ago, while Holt county re ceived $2,022 in excess of the total .amount distributed to these counties in 1848 ' The 11th annual apportionment was made in 1852, and Holt county, ns in 1848, had but the four townships. The enumeration for 1852 was: Nodaway, .118; Lewis, 639; Benton. 179; Dallas, 277 a total of 1413 children, and the total distributed was $423 90 The enumera tion for 1904 of the speciul districts of Oregon, Mound City, Maifcland and For est City, shows as many children as was in the entire county in 1852, while th amount of money distributed to the Ore gon district was nearly twice that dis trabuted to the entire county fifty-two years ago. In 1855 W. B. Starke was the state superintendent of schools. Tlia report shows that there were 272,003 children in the state at large and the enrollment "74,048 There were 1572 school houses in the state: 1867 ma'e and 440 female teachers. The amount apportioned : the state was $217,084, at the ratio of 80 cents per child. Holt county had thirty six school districts and twenty-eight school houses: there were thirl v-fou male and one female teacher: th enumeration was 21 f4 and the enroll men 1 1267, and $3666 the total amoun -paid to the teachers. The apportionment and enumeration for this year 1855 to the several counties -comprising th:s congressional distric was: Appor tion- ment. $ 2,997 782 3 886 1,731 29.r 4.671 being opened." In compliance with a resolution, Superintendent Oliver was instructed to apportion the school moneys in 1864 on the basis of the last previous, 1860, enumeration, which was as follows in these counties: Appor tionment. $1,625 80 758 12 3,212 88 1,085 48 1,247 84 2.599 52 Enumeration. Andrew 3.695 Atchison 1,723 Buchanan 7,302 Holt 2,467 Nodaway 2,836 Platte 5,908 Total 23,931 $10,529 64 By ordinance of the state convention, adopted October 16, 1861, the office of state superintendent of schools was abolished, and the duties pertaining to said office were devolved upon the secre tary of state. Mr. Oliver, in his ex haustive report, said: ''Those who inaugurated the present rebellion blind ly forgot that that "peculiar institution" was secure only in times of peace, for getting that the main support of slavery were the laws to be found on the nation al statute books, and in that almost uni versal feeling in the free states of non intervention for the stake of peace and Union; the instigators of this war at the South, forgetting this, have precipitated the country into a war, out of which it will never come, judging from the ten dencies of all events, until every slave is free. In 1870 the state enumeration showed 609,259 school children and an enroll- The Cabbage Snake Scare. More than a hundred letters have been received by the Missouri Agricul tural College asking for information concerning the so-called "poisonous cab bage snake," and the collection of snails, centipedes and other creeping things re ceived from -these inquirers would form the foundation for a splendid collection of Missouri's lower animal life. The most peculiar thing about this scare that has swept the state from one end to the other is that it has no foundation in fact. Prof. J. M. Stedman, Entomologist of the College, says: "Not a thing is found on cabbage that, could not have been found any fall for the last twenty years. "And more than this," he continues, "there is not an animal in the world that will poison cabbage so as to injure the person eating the cabbage alone or both cabbage and animal. The whole 62are seems to have started from a fake report concocted by a correspondent; of one of the St. Louis papers. Being hard pressed for news one daj, he wrote of a whole family that had come to a painful death from eating cabbage upon which a new reptile resembling a small 6nake was present in large numbers. Other papers copied the story. People read it and outran to carefully scrutinize their cabbage patch and of course were re warded by finding upon it bugs and worms that can be found any fall. The The most common specimen I have re ceived is a nematode worm, somewhat resembling a horse hair, that lives as a parasite in crickets and grasshoppers aud is perfectly harmless. Not a single ment of 280,473 Thero were 7881 teach ers, 7547 public schools and 6954 school , one f the seventy five specimens I have nouses, ine value or scuooi property or i rurmuprl a ut ll inuirmna Thia -Counties. No. Children. Andrew 3,747 Atchison 978 Buchanan 4,858 Holt , 2.164 .Nodaway 1,619 Piatie 6,089 19,455 $14,562 The 1904 apportionment is as follows. Appor 6unties. Enumeration, tionmen Andrew 5,020 $ 6.480 44 Atchison 4,594 5.930 51 Buchanan .40,453 52,221 78 Holt 4,942 6,379 75 Nodaway 9 323 12,035 29 Platte ' . 4,582 5,915 02 Total 68,914 $38,517 00 It. will be noticed that Platte county is the only county in the district that shows a loss as compared with the 1855 snumeratiou, while the remaining coun ties show remarkable gains. There was no apportionment of school moneys made from 1860 to 1864. Mr. Oliver was then secretary of btate and er-officio superintendent of schools. In Ilia report to the legislature, which will be found on page 155 of the Senate jour nal for 1865. he says: "During the years 1861 and 1862, the rebellion, which raged -in its full vigor and virulence in all pur lions of our slate, utterly suspended and prostrated our common schools in near ly every county, and they so remained prostrate during those years. But the intelligence of onr citizens aud their deep interest in the welfare of schools Again, in the year 1863, threw open many school house doors, and gathered together in many school room- children ia all parts of our state, and now, in the year 1S64, nearly all the counties north of the Missouri river have their common schools in full operation: and in many counties sotith of the river schools are opened, and daily more ar-j the state was valued, at $3,441,411 Dur ing this period, 1870, Holt county's enumeration whs 4143, and the enroll ment 3317. We had sixty-seven teschere, fifty-seven public schools, and fifty-four school houses. The average salary to male teachers was 42 77 aud female teachers $30.82. The value of the school bulled cabbage suake is a myth and simple and people should bothering about it." pure cease Just the Thing. Appreciating the necessity for a more complete equipment for rural mail car ! riers, the Maryville Tribune says that Official Vote of Holt County, 1904. President: Theo. Roosevelt, R Alton Parker, D Thos. Watson, Peo S C. Swallow, Prohi Total Governor: Cyrus P Walbridge, R. Jos. W. Folk, D Win. C. Alldredge. Peo. Orange J. Hill, Prohi. . Total Secretary of State: Jno. B, Swanger, R. . . . Sum. B. Cook, D Abram Neff , Peo W. F Brennecke, Prohi.. . Total Consti. Amendments: 1st Amend. Yes iBt Amend. No Total 2d 2d Amecd. Amend Total . Yes No 3d Amend. 3d Amend. Total.. Yes No 4th Amend. 4th Amend. Total . . Yes No Congress: F. h. Pulkerson, R.. F. M. Wilson, D.... Tof.nl State Senator : Thos. J. Wornall: D. Total l 1 srut 4vrrv 1 property was w,u3i; me apportionment Mesar8. Barman Jb Wolfert, of that city, was $3,025.62. For the year 1904 the j bave desigDed aod patented a cart that enumeration was 4942, and the enroll-: :Q hi;H fiiic .11 fhn i.nQ Seventy-eight Tt :s H twn-whfnl vnhinla and u-mcrha UO - -n pounds complete. The box is three feet , six inches long and twenty eight inches wide, which the carriers say affords all the room necessary for their pouches. The box rests on easy swinging 6ide springs, in fact, the cart j ridos as comfortable as any coupe or vic toria in the world. A handsome cover protects the driver from the broiling sun in summer and the affair is provided ment 4258. There are school houses and 114 rooms. The aver age wages paid male teachers is 57.08 ..nd female 640.92 a total of $10,003. The origin of the present school fund is to be found in an act creating a per manent fchool fund, approved March 11. 1867. This act appropriated 81.500,000 out of moneys received from the Federal government, and also set aside 500,000 10 the seininarj' futfd. This same legis lature placed to the credit of the school fund the proceeds of all lands granted to the state by the Federal government. It placed to the credit of the school fund the pioceeds from the sale of the state tobacco warehouse, it enlarged the fund by giving it the proceeds of escheats, unclaimed dividends or shares J tected by a flap, through which in case in the estates of deceased persons; and o? stormy weather the carrier can reach all the fines, penalties and forfeitures out aud deliver or collect mail from the accruing to the stale, and re enacted the ; boxes without being compelled to leave long lapsed provision, practically nulli-j the cart. With all the curtains down in fied under Governor Jackson's adminis j severely sold weather it is believed that Circuit Judge: Jno. E Schooler, R ... W. C Ellison, D Total Representative: Frank K Allen, R Jno. France, Sr., D B. F. Praiswater, Prohi.. Total County .Judge - Jst. Dist. Geo. W. Cotten, R themselves and ! R. C. Benton, i Total I Cour t' Judge-2d Dist llonr. H Wright. R Wm S Thomson, D Total j Prosecuting Attorney: with side and hack curtains in case of I Ivan Islair. K. st 'rms. The rear section consists of a j door which shut flush against a wide, j comfortable seat, which is hinged to one . siae or the oox, 10 01 nrteu tor egreHs and exit from the vehicle. Iu each side curtain is cut a slit, pro- W ! Smiths. Total .... D. Sheritf: James K. William Lee Faidconer, ). Kara Miller, Prohi Total Collector: Albert S. Smith. K Rnhfc. G. Kulev, O Albert ilardmuu, Prohi Total tration, giving 25 per cent of the net revenue of the state to the public schools and university of the state. The original provision concerning the establishing of the public-school system wa incorporated in the first constitution of our state in 1820 and it read: "One school or more shall be established in each township, as soon as practicable and necessary, where the poor shall be taught gratis." The provision remained until 1865, when the new constitution -the Drake constitution, set the public schools of our state on their feet, and from which came our present splendid i school system. an ordinary lantern will heat the con veyance sufficiently to insure comfort. The entire ou'fit is finished beautifully. The carriers working out of the Mary ville office have all examined the cart, and without exception pronounce it just what they have been looking for. Curzon. - Joe tVheeler and Wiley Dawson are getting to be men -Oh! how the ladies of this vicinity wish they could vote. A. W. Donahoo and family spent Sunday with friends in Forest City. Mi?s Maude Dawson visited frieLds in Schaffer neighborhood, Sunday last. -John Stroud and wife visited rela tives in Schaffer neighborhood last Sun day. Chris. Gilford returned home last i Letter last. The following letters remain uncalled for in the postoffice at Oregon, Mo., for the week ending November 11, 1904: M. C. Simpson Groc. Co, card. Mrs. Sarah Kittle, card. Miss Ltura Gist- letter. When calling for any of the above letters or cards, please say "advertised. " Tom Cukry, P. M. Assessor: Wii . Fitmaurice, R Win. S Erwin.D.... W. II. Smith, Prohi Total Treasurer. G. W. Cummins. R Jas. P. Davis. D... . Isaac Shaw, Prohi Total , Surveyor: Wm. M. Morns, R.. Jas. P. Garrett, D... Total Public Administrator M. D. Walker, R Alex. VanBuskirk, D. . . Levi Kaufman. Prohi. . Total R. C. Benton and James Vaucbn are . 1 n Sf T.oiiiQ thia araalr Mr iimII I JaS Coroner: T. Bickel.R... H1 TP Ilnnan 1 go on to Virginia, and will spend the Iq q Hatch,' Prohi winter there. J Total Miss Letty Petree, of Kirksville, Mo., is visiting her aunt, Mrs. Lucy A. J !?m'mmmm? Petree, and her cousins, Frank, Claude and Miss Martha Petree. Dou't fail to see the King Perkins ; 2 5 5- o o . 2T5 ?r 1 c c 5 ' P 3 I i r ? ? ET : 5 ? i I 5 - 2-. j .. . i j 194 194 150 192: 153 63 68 84 255 136 130 ira 0-7 oa . 33 57 27 102 70 9, 77 74 " 3 IS "g & & 188 196 150 17 j 150 61 53 80 234 132 122 iu oji co 43 78 27 nsj 73 00 fg 'g n jg , g .-M- 5-i ?Jo 1B j SB ? il g ?? S '5!! B l j 94 ,5 2190 885 .:::: 1 i : i v. " "s ,ui 15? ? - 3H::-i -fi- h !--. L..- U iUI ' i I I i ! ! i ! i ! 195; 192i M 19o! 153 ' 4, Ho 230 13 13:1 l(Sl! , ,., .,, !. JWL 7lj . ' 134. 69 100 " : !"" I i ! .Ki0Z!-! ''8132 M 107 90 M 7 JjSK i I j" i 192 191 149 186 154 " 2 82 25lt 131 133 100 ntf , .,, 35 62 27 112 70 70 128 65 101 : ? ,S flJSl '! ; I ' ' ! '-r- ! ;i ! ; I I8i 170; 131 175i 142 64 03 j j ! :! 49 70 45 taij 79 SO j W'i 3Si f! ! :.......::! " - ! -U J I I ' I i !. ! ! i I . J i i ; i ! ! ' i i i " 131 US, 1M ) Si1 209 105 113 II!.! .! .! ,.. vni ., i?L.- 1 H IK sSj I m S '1" : ; i : ! ! ! i ! I j I ! . K 't -'00i -2o:v l.-)0 194 154! G1i 65! sill -j.-.sl 130 13li UVh ...J . ..j ... , 3ij 51 2t;: k2 ; w ai 76; in 76 joi ai fJ- p. i ' i i : ' ' ' ; i I 183; .167. lr.V 186. I7y2 - 60 aoj 244i 121. 116; loi; ...... ,,0' . .,UiJ ii ' 87! 41! 108 73 01 7; 128 7 112' 95 , S '"i f-Jw ,39 . .--7! :..- lL.A ' i1 ; i ,wc- "w i I I i ; ' i ill 1 ' 1 ! 176 168 129: H 151 OA 5,, 82 243 114 124 110 cu iqta j "i ' il . ' A l" 8 4 6! 9 1 ! I i ' r i 138: 196.' I40j id 155j b- W 82 251 127 130 162 ,r 03. 7rJ oi7 oa :::::::: i i- -i-- 1 86 195 193 138 171 151 3 74 246 129 130 160 j9 7 oij j?u 171 172 127 189 146 64 82 251 130 131 163 04 7.-, 744; J$J 41 17 ,6 Jlg ! .Mil 192 192 149 189 153 04 82 251 136 131 163 o59! J oiq, qR1 f J W 71 S 84 77 129 69 104 93 7j ? jjg 881 I 1 3 1 i 7 1 11 4 9 4 Kj 3j 72 Company in the quaint rural comedy j Old Farmer Hopkins," at opera house, j Forest City, Monday, Nov. 14, 1904. j John RiuimincTor nnrl tvifo. nf A n ) eek from a week's visit with relatives , . j n 1 r i 0 , . j drew county, visited Claude Petree, of 1 1 . i. l r 1 r 1 roroes towrisiiip, anu ;irs. ijucy jre-1 school is progressing J trpn. of OrPinm. Saturday and Simrl.iv . Born, to Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Wamp management of Missj M nflia pH wili n St. Joseph Bluff City icely under the Minnie Rostock. Mrs. Bessie Forest City. (Delayed Letter.) Mrs. McMunn was on the sick list last week. Henry Kails and Mr. Turney were in White Cloud, last week. Mrs. Williams and Miss Lottie were St. Joseph visitors recently. MUs Carrie Alkire was theeuestofl -Rr Rmmnit;. friends in Oregon, Saturday and Sunday j 0f meetings at the Kimsey school house, the past week; very good attendance 1 1 1 hipes returned home ; side of the square, on Wednesday serve oysters hi any style at her home, on the west last wopk from Kincr Citv. where sh hni , ua rh..v..mi,am,.... .1,... f- " . ' j llJH KJL k 11 wu.i.uiitbuiuiu rjii yt , 11 Li 1 11 been visiting relatives for a few days i 0 to 10 o'clock. nast. Mrs. Stella Frn.ier, after a few weeks' visit with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Eli Arnold, returned to her home in Leavenworth, Ka?., one day last week. X. X. Mr. Koock, our clothier, has moved into the Payne property, lately vacated by Mr. Shearer, and is now keeping house in the good old way. His wife who has been quite sick from rheum tism, is now convalescing. ler, October 31, 1904, a daughter. Neville Dickson was tje guest of relptives in St. Joseph, Tuesday last. Melvin Turney and wife, of St. Jo seph, were visiting iu the city, last week. Miss Grace Chadwick is visiting with relatives and friends here at pres ent. Miss Agnes Austin, of ?t. Joseph, waf the guest of relatives and friends in j sister, Mrs. H our city, lasi week. j week. of last 'veek. Mrs. Combs and son, Neal, were the guests of relatives in Forbes a couple of days last week. H. L Acton, accompanied bv Paul ! Acton, were the guests of relatives in I White Cloud, recently. J. C. Brown, of Fortescue, visited with Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Thornhill. Tuesday and Wednesday of last week. spent a week in St. Louis at the Exposi tion; returning nere, they were met by Kev bam Hoover, who. with his family. and good meetings were reported by those who attended. The first quarterly meeting of the M. . church was held here last Satur day and Sunday. Rev. J. E. Mum power, presiding elder, of St. Joseph, conducted the services. Mrs. Miller and Mrs. Rosa Hoover Mrs. Lease whs quite sick Saturday and Sunday. We learn at this writing she is rapidly improving and will soon be in her usual health again. Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Loucks, of near j Mound City, and Mrs. Shauck Smith, i of Kimsey district, were the guests of L. Acton, one day last left for their home in Elmo, Mo. George Lease and family have moved into the J. A. Lease property on Commercial street. Mr. Lease has a po sition as salesman in ihe dry goods store of Mr. Richardson and bis new home will be much more convenient for him in going back and forth from his work. Ruth.