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40TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1904. NUMBER 28 NOVEMBER .B Arrival and Departure of Mails at the PostofSce, Oregon, Mo. MATTES DEPATIT 7:20 a.m. For Om:ili:t anu intermediate points, and points north, east and west. 12 p. ui. For all points north, south, east and west, c.oept Tarkio and Villisua branches. 8 :4." a. m. For St. .loseph and intermediate points. 3:30 p. in. For New Point only. 10:ooa. m. Helwii: supplied by Kural Car rier. Iloure Xo. -. 4:25 p. m. For VII lisca, north, mail to all prints north, east, Auuth and west, except intermediate be tween Forest ity and St.. lose ph. 12:4.. in. I'm' all poiut.s norili. sout h, east and ves-t. Mail ni:ide up at .s:i0 p. ni. MAILS AKIUVK. 8:50 a. in. Umaha Mails from all points, north, east, south and west. 10:20 a. in. Villi.-ca and Tarkio Valley branches. Mails from north t-ast, south and west. 11:30 a. m. From New Point only. 3:1." p. m. Main line K. C, St. Jim-. & C. 11. Mails f-om all points, uorth. south. et and west. :Oi p. m. From St. .beph. lo:oua. in. Kural lioute Xo. , leavr-. He- trns at. 4:i p. m. M:oo a. m. I Jural Uoute, Xo. 1, leaves. Re turns. 4:00 p. in. 5):4.T a. in. Kural Koute, Xo. h'avrs. Ke- rnrns at 4:00 p. m. 2:30 a. in. Main line, K. C St. .lot' & B. Mail from all points. "Mails are made up promp.ly !." minute be fore departing time. New Point mail arrives and departs daily except Sunday. Mail to Fortescue, Kulo and points on t he B & M. in Xebraska within 100 miles of this office, should be mailed before S:4." a. m. in order to reach its destination the same day. Mails for main line of K. C, St. Joe. & C. B. north and south, are made up and depart at the same time, for day train, 12:10 p. in. OFFICIAIi DIRECTORY". Circuit Court. Convenes Qrst Monday in January; fourth Mondays In April and August. Gallatin Craig, circuit judge. Frank Petree, prosecuting attorney. George W. Hogrefe, circuit clerk. James A. Williams, sheriff. Harry M. Irwin, stenographer. I'robate Court. Convenes second Mondays in February, May August and November. Henry T. Alkire. probate judge. County Court. Regular Terms: - First Holidays in Febru ary May, August and Xovember. Jacob Wehrli, presiding judge. G. W. Pullen, judge 1st district. Win. H. Allen, judge of 2d district Enoch A. Welty, clerk of county cour t. F L. Zeller, deputy county clerk. County Hoard or Ileal! h. Jacob Wehrli, president, G. W. Pullen, vice-president. W. C. Troiid, county physician. Enoch A. Welty, secretary. County Board or Education. A. K. foburn,, Oregon. W. W. Gallaher, Mound City. Alberta C. Green, Craig. Collector of Revenue, Nicholas Stock. County Treasurer, Lewi I. Moore. Recorder of Deeds, Kobert Callow. Commissioner of Schools, A. U. Coburn. Public Administrator, M.D . Walker. Superintendent of lKr, Abner Carson. Surveyor, C. M. Arnistronic. Asssessor, W. H. Weight man. Special Inspector. Sam F. O'Fallon, of the Interior Department, after pass ing a few days of his leave of absence at home, returned to his work in Okla homa, last week. For the Rising Generation. You can ju-t about measure the progress and enlightenment of a city by what it has done for its riaing genera ttons. New York has been pointed to as the natural home of vice and corruption. Toe grafters and heelers there play for b g stakes, and th money stolen in the past few years would make a score of m-n millionaires. , That is the dark side. The other sicle o' a picture shows millions being stead ily invested ia the finest school buiii ings in the world: in sociological inno vations that startle less progressive cities; in music, art, baths, lectures, nurseries a hundred thiEgd that will be ct pi rd by more conservative cities later. New York has now 30 public plat grounds, many of them b-iug directly op-rated by the board of education. The idea is that the responsibilities of the school aulhorit-es for the welfare of city children 1-st 12 months in the year: that they must not only be taught, but amused. The other day New Y.trk opened a 120 acre recreation ground to . school pupils It contained live baseball dia monds, tennis courts, fields for cricket, lacrosse, croquet grounds, outdoor bowl ing alleys, bath houses on the water front and a gymnasium. A .second athletic tield is planned There isn't much trouble about- the expense of these innovations vhen the ( public understands them. Every par eat wants his children to be healthy and happy. He understands, or should be made to understand, that money in vested in health is invested capital that will pay big dividends through life, and that it is easier to make a healthy child wise than a sick one. New York has studied these problems so long and so earnestly that she would as soon think of giving up the teaching of the three Rs as to do away with the things that were considered frills a few years ago. The cities that are wisely governed are quick to follow the lead of the metropolis, a place that certainly is noted for graft, but is no less famous for progress. Folk's Plurality. The secretary of State Sam. B. Cook, on Monday of this week, opened the official returns from the recent election in the presence of the governor as re quired by law, and began to enst up the vote. The officiHl vote for governor as will be announced by the secretary of state, barring some slight corrections, will boas follows: Joseph Y Folk, Dem 326,05 Cyrus P. "Yalbridge. Rep 290,552 (Folk's plurality, TO, 100 i This shows a falling oil of 44,4b voles from the total vote cast for governor four years ago. The vote then was: Dockery, Democrat, 350,045: Flory, Re publican, 317,905: Docsery's plurality, 32,110. Mrs. Minnie Carder, accompanied by her friend, Mrs. Minnie Campbell, J ciime up from St. Joseph to pay their re spects to the Chrsanthem show, and jalso to visit their mother. Mrs. Fred Seemau. Probate Court Matters. Judje Aikiie h- d a v ry bus week in the probate court, and much busiues was disposed of dining the week ending Saturday lat-t. M D. Walker, in charge of the estate ( of Win. M. Price, filed his report of sale j of three lots in Forbes, belonging to the j estate of Wm. Goss-tt. for S670. which was approved by the court. The sum tf $50 was appropriated out of the Adam Ged etate, during vaca -tion, to provide for l he widow and chil dten, and the same was continued. The appointment of Dell Austin as administrator of the Ann Eliza Austin j est'iie, during vacation, wns confirmed j by the court. j Robert Montgomery, in charge of the j Ira Peter estate, filed h s final settle j ment, showing a balance due the estate; of 392 05, which was ordered distributed equnlly to the following heirs: Mary Irwin, Lucy Wallick, Bryant and BVank : Peter, and to Win. T. Wilson, guardian of minor heirs of Charles Peter. A large number of old no'.es were found to be in solvent and they were ordered iuto the hands of the heirs. Guy L. Cummins, in charge of the James Scott estate, was ordered to pay special legacies as named in will, and were as follows: To Mrs. Kate Scott, S10.000.Mrs. Ida Dillingham, Sl,000;Mrs Ella Campbell, $2,000. John W. Stroud, guardian of Nora L. Butterick, made fourth annual settle ment, showing a balance due his ward of S00. 354 86 was appropriated for school and other purposes. The appropriation of $50 made during vacation for use of Roy Hassinger, a mi nor, who is studying mechanics at Oma ha, was confirmed. An appropriation of $100 was made from the Dan Hardman estate for the purpose of the purchase of monument. Rebecca Hardman, as administrate of this estate, was ordered to redeem 80 acres in 00, 37, from mortgage lien of $75u. The inventory of estate of Eliza Ana Austin, amounting to some $1100, was ap proved. During vacation the court revoked the grant of letters to Christ. Nelson, as ad ministrator of Callaway Hodge estate; was confirmed and the estate was or dered into th hands of Public Adminis trator, M. D. Walker. The sum of $25 was ordered appro priated out of the William Bun estate. M. D. Walker was named as adminis trator of the estate of Louisa Burnett Ta lor. The sale bill as filed by the adminis trator in charge of tl e Palmer Black es tate, was approved. John Foster, as guardian of George Foster, deceased, m de his third annual settlement, showing a balance of $102 42, the sum of $100 having been previously approi ri- ted to buy a hon-e for farming purposes. The estate of the Durham heirs, not yet having been received from Indiana, the 1st auuual settlement in said estate wa? continued to the February term. The final settlement in the Sarah Por ter estate was continued to the Febru ary term. Mrs. Kate Kearney, as guardian of Hazel and Harold, minor heirs of Dr. J. R. Kearney, made her 2d annual settle ment showing a balance due her wards of $4,011,83. The sum of $225 was ap propriated for support of her two wards. As administratrix of the Dr. i. R. Kear- uey estate, she filed her final settlement showing a balance of S426.39 due the estate which was ordered equally dis tributed to the following heirs: Elmer, Hazel and Harold Kearney. E J. Kellogg in charge of the estate of Jno. M. Kruzor, deceased, filed his final settlement, showing .a balance of $2,144.59, which was ordered distributed equally to the following heirs: Sarah and Jennie Kite, Josie Ryan, Margaret Thomson, Ida M. Fields, Martha M. Smith. Beulah Judy, Nora Kern,; Lola, Jno. T., G. W. and James W. Kruzor. E J. Kellogg filed his 3d annual set tlement in the Wm. Bain estate, show ing a balance in his hands of $47.52. Wm. E Stubbs in charge of the Sarah Porter estate, was ordered to sell real estate, M. D. Walker, as guardian, in charge of Ralph, Leverne and Goldy Kinney, minor heirs of Bruce Kinney, deceased, was ordered to sell the real estate in Oregon, subject to mother's homestead rights. The finul settlement in the William Wagoner estate was continued to the February term. Report of sale of real estate by God frey Marti, as guardian of Fred Berger, aminor, to Rudolph Berger, for $83 was approved. Alex. VanBuskirk, in charge of the Wm. Baker estate filed his first annual settlement, showing a balance of $1C0 18. The acts of Nancy Hilderbrand, as ad ministratrix of the Joseph Hilderbrand estate, in payment of $4.03 to W. R. Smith, and $5 34 to Davis & Mitchell, was approved by the court. She also made her 1st annual settlement showing j a balance due of $408 24. Louis Cook, as guardian of Fmmet Co k, a minor, tiled her first annual set t'ement, which showed $055 32 as due the estate. The sale bill of Hanuah V. Judy, in charge of John II. J udy estate, was ap proved and she made her first annual settlement showing a balance of $1, 050 04 as due the estate, $000 which was ordered distributed equally to Mary C. Dearmont, Dora E. Lester, A. and Peail E. Judy. j William E. Smith, guardian of Harry Smith, a minor, made fourth annual set tlement, showing a balance of $1,3G2.0S. Report of loans of $1,35S.02 was ap proved, j The sum of $.300 was set apart for use j of widow, out of Palmer Black estate.for j support of family for twelve months. j Minnie Giel in charge of AdamGeil estate filed her first annual settlement, ! showing a balance of $0S 32 as due the e-tate. j Joseph Hatfield, late administrator in j charge of the R. C. Wyman estate, filed his final receipts from all the heirs and he was discharged. I Wm. H. Jackson, guardian of Virgil! Jackson, of unsound mind, made his first annual settlement, showing a bal ance in ;his hands of $857.08. The sum os $300 was ordered appropriated to care ; for his ward for the years November, 1903. to November, 1905, at the St. Jo seph Insane Asylumn. The mules be longing to the estate were ordered to be sold at private sale, at not less than : their appraised value, and the ward's land was ordered to be rented fur next year. Joseph Hatfield, guardian of the Hat field minor heirs, filed his 3d annual set tlement, showing a balance in his hands of $791.45. The sum of $100 each was appropriated for the support of his wards for the year 19J5 Alvin Hershner.as guardian of Naoma, minor heir of Dan. Webster, made his final settlement showing a balance of $137 50. His ward having attained her majority, the balance was ordered to be turned over to her. Prince L. Tr pp, guardian of Demas Wymnan, filed his 3d annual settlement, which showed a balance of $2,210.28. He also filed his 3d annual settlement as guardian of Helen Wyman, showing a balance of $2,180.85. The sum of $250 was set aside for the support of each of these minors for the coming year. M. D. Walker in charge of the Louisa Burnett-Taylor estate, filed inventory of the estate, which was valued at about 3250. The following claims were filed against this estate: C. W. Bartram for $0.25: Denny & Rayhill, $53.25; H. E. Denny , $14; Dan Goacher, $0; Samuel Gilbert, $2: W. M. Coffiu, $4.15: Chas. E. Simpson, $16 85. Dan Fuhrman, as guardian of Edith Fuhrman, made his final settlement showing a balance of $205.02, which ordered paid over to his ward, she hav ing attained the age of 18 years. He also made his 5th annual settlement as guardian of Florence and Edna Fuhr mae, showing balance due Florence of $20$ 61, due Edna, $208 02. The first annual settlement from guardian of Arthur Smutzer, was con tinued to the February term William A. Kinney, executor of the estate of John H. Kinney, deceased, filed his final settlement, which showed a balance of $311.74, which was ordered distributed as follows: To Nancy J., widow, $155 80; to W. A. Kinney, Susan E. Bender, Frances Springer, Laura Beeler, each $38.45; to the heirs of Mary Thrailkill 81, and to Emma Reynolds, Lulu Pearn and James Reynolds, 25 cents each. The sum of $400 under section 107 of the etatutes was set aside for benefit of the widow of Andrew Smutzer, de ceased, and $50 additional was allowed for provisions, etc. vVhereupon the widow filed her first annual settlement, showing a balaoce of $13.90 as due. Settlement was approved except as to several items, which were paid without having been probated, and amounting to $227 52. The following demands were allowed against the estate of Eliza Ann Austin estate: Dr. M. S. Gray, $7.00: W. S. Thomson, $02.90. Sarah Porter estate: David Kennedy, $50.90. Palmer Black estate: B. G. Quigley, $15 00: J. A. Mitchell, $0.30; V. L. Swain. $49.14; Dr. E. M. Miller, $20.50; T. W. Burke, $75.25: T. W. Ballew, $94.50. Henry Shutts estate: D. E. Heaton, $120.00;Dr. 0. 1. Campbell, $200 00. Willie Linvillo, has returned home from Wathena, Kas., where he has had charge of the Missouri Valley Preserv ing Co., the past season in the capacity of superintendent and processor. We learn that they had a good pack, and that Willie gave the best of satisfaction. We are glad to learn this, for there is not a more deserviug.and worthy young man any where. Parmer's Children and Higher Edu cation. A warm welcome always awaits the? returning students, with their stor ies of college life, their reports of pro gress made and victories won or lost, and their rapidly changing and develop ing personalities; $nd if the education as been on wholesome lines, it is as pleasant for them to get back to the farm, with its pure air, active labor and healthful family influences as it is de lightful to the other members of tho family to welcome the wanderers home. The colleges, universities and the technical shools of the county draw a large percentage of their best students from the farm. This fact is well known to educators, who realize that much of their usefulness to the country is dem onstrated in fitting the boys and girls of the rural districts for their large part in all the activities of the time. While the preparatory schools in which coun try students have been fitted for college may not always have been the best,they are so eager to learn, so earnest in their desire for knowledge and culture, and generally so well equipped, physically for the strains of a course of tha higher studies that instructors regard them with special favor. In the earlier days of the republic, a parent's decision tc tducate a son usual ly meant that he was destined for the pulpit or the bar: and the daughter was expected to limit her studies to the rud iments and her ambitions to domestic duties. Now, all is different. Science has taken the leading place in educa tion, formerly held by the classics; and science prepares as thoroughly for busi ness and industry as for the professions It is recognized too, that young women are as fairly entitled to educational priv ileges as their brothers, and that they are as capable of deriving substantial benefit from thorough culture as young men are. Hence, the farmer who contem plates giving his children the benefit of a higher education is confronted with a problem twice as great as formerly. The expense is even more than doubled, because education covers a wider range, and the standards of living are higher. This, however, is offset, to a great de gree, by the larger opportunities now enjoyed by promising students for par or entire self support. The greater and more abundantly endowed institu tions are more and more disposed to see that ambitious young persons of limited means are afforded avenues for earning money while pursuing their duties. Very wisely, too, only those physically strong are now encouraged to try to pay their own way through college. The day has gone by when it was necessary to advise intelligent farmers to give their ohildren the best possible. school ing. It is universally admitted that those who take kindly to study, and who are intellectually ambitious and energetic are almost mvarably benefitted by thorough mental training. Not only are they better fitted for general uje fulness and happiness by the higher education, but their material success is thereby enhanced. The value of the (friendships formed and acquaintance made in good schools is also beyond estimate. Many questions arUe in deciding whether to send a boy or girl away to school. The selection of a school is always importaot; so is the choice of course of study, as well as the regula tion of expenses and many other mat ters. Due allowance must always be made for the individual preferences of the young persons themselves; and it is always well to take counsel of those whoee culture is broader and experience larger than our own. In fact, in a large sense, education is the main busi ness of bur lives; and the problem is entitled to our best and most serious thought. Occupy the Outer Works. A report comes from official quarters states that in consequence of the blow ing up of the Sung Sha fort at Port Arthur Wednesday of last week, the Japanese occupation of the outer em bankment has become complete. The fire from the Japanese naval guns caus ed the explosion of the powder maga zines. A large portion of the Japanese army is reported to have crossed the Shaiche river. Increasing activity along this river seems to indicate t he commencement of another great battle. The elaborate plans made by Field Marshal Oyama to draw rfie Russians into a trap along the river have failed. The Russians diacovered the prepara tions made by the Japanese command ers lo envelop them and so distributed their forces that the plans could uot be earned out. Henry Arrnnck. an old time Oregon boy, with his daughter, Miss Prudie, were down to the Chrysanthemum show, last week, and also attended the Basket ball game between the first and second I learns of our high school. j Vertical Writing-. The modern system of vertical writing h&s made its way rapidly by its own. inherent merits, despite a great deal of opposition due to conservatism. The system which it is deplacing was based on Spencerian penmanship, the produc tion of Piatt R. Spencer, an Ohio wilt ing master. When he introduced it some 40 or more years ag'", it met with the same kind of opposition from those who had been trained in older styles of writing. The practical fault of the Spencerian and its derivative s stems is the fact,! hat the majority of people write it illegibly. The advantage of the vertical system is its legibility. There is a prominent Wall Street broker, Mr. Frederick Hawkins, who owes his rapid business advance ment to vertical writing. He was a minor clerk, at a small salary, in a rail road office, at Jersey City. It happened that one of the Astor family required a private secretary. Many applications were received, but the handwriting was not satisfactory. In the course of busi ness, " a voucher written by Hawkina passed through Mr. Astor's hands. It was written in vertical style, then not so common as it is now. Its simple legi bility attracted his attention. He hunt ed Hawkins up, made him his private secretary. Through his prominent po sition and business associations, Mr. Hawkins became a man of affair, and 13 now a wealthy broker. Attendance at the Fair. In the opinion of those who have vis ited the great world's fairs of recent years, the Louisiana Purchase Exposi tion is in many respects the greatest ever held. In the matter of attendance, however, it ha9 fallen far below the Columbian Exposition of 1893. From April 30 to October 30 the total attend ance at the St. Louis fair wag 15,993,295, while from May 1 to October 30 the at tendance at the Chicago fair was 27,- 539,521. This great difference in the number of visitors may be due to a number of causes, but the chief ones probably are the more favorable climat c conditions at Chicago, the greater ad vertising that fair received, the greater population within a radius of 100 miles and the fact that expositions were then atnew rtrng the Mississippi Valley-a-d'thejl&jtt West, whicU;5baturally furnished the majority of the visitors. The fact, also, that the St. Loui9 fair was contemporaneous with a presiden tial campaign may have had its influ ence, especially in decreasing the at tendance in September and October, tho months best for sightseeing and travel ing. Still, it must be admitted that the frequency of wo? Id's frtirs has worn off the keen edge of public curiosity and this is probably the greatest of the causes which have conduced to a lessened attendance. That, notwith standing all the facts that made against it, the fair has repaid practically all of the big loan made to it by the govern ment is greatly to the credit of the man agement. It is to be hoped the closing days may largely increase the attend ance, for it is not probable that such a wonderful exhibit of the world's pro gress will soon again open its gates to the public. Is in Ashes. The Missouri State building at the St. Louis World's fair, was destroyed by fire Saturday morning last, Nov. 19th, 1904, resulting from the explosion of a hot water heater in the basement: A great deal of the furniture was saved, together with most of the paintings and practically all the books The loss sus tained is estimated at about S20.CCO. The building cost $145,000, and in the building were $75,000 worth of furnish ings, the most valuable of which were portraits of all former Missouri govern ors and supreme judges. These togeth er with the mammoth relief map show ing the topography of Missouri, was not damaged in the least. All the fur nishings on the first floor was saved, while that on the second floor was des troyed. Senator Cockrell to be Cared For. President Roosevelt has written Sen ator Cockrell offering him the position on the Isthmian Canal Commissii n made vacant by the recent resignation of Frank J. Hecker of Detroit. This position pays $10,000 a year and the terra of service will probably be much longer than that of a senator. Iu the letter offering this position the president has informed the senator that if, be cause of the enforced absence from this country or fear of his health the sena tor does not want to take it,-he may have a position on the inter state com merce commission. It is thought the senator will accept the latter position. Mis? Birda Peret spent Thanksgiv ing with her sister, who is teaching at King's Grove, and is making her home with W. 1 1. Mills and family.