BRITISH TRAWL INDUSTRY.
Great Fortunes Invested in Specially
Constructed Boats How They
The trawl fishermen of England fur
nish quite half of the total product of
the nation's fisheries and they do their
work in costly steam trawlers that pa
trol the sea perpetually from Hull to
Norway, says the Chicago American.
These modern steam trawlers, equip
ped with huge refrigerating plants and
manned with picked crews, gathered
from the great, fishing stations of Eng
land, remain at sea for weeks at a
time. They are stanch, specially con
structed vessels, with hulls of steel and
powerful engines. Great fortunes are
invested in these trawlers and the dear
est ambition of an English fisherman's
heart is to own a substantial share in
one of them.
A hardy, self-reliant, useful class of
men are these trawlers of England, dis
regarding personal comfort, bearing
hardship and risking life in a calling
that means nothing but a bare living
to the fortunate few. But only a few
" years ago trawling was in its infancy,
and not a single steam vessel was en
gaged in the industry.
In 1862 the English trawler, all ready
for service, cost but 3,000, and not
more than 1,000 of them could be found
in English waters. Suddenly, however.
the English railroad companies awoke
to the fact that there would 7e im
mense profit for them in a refriger
ating car service that would give Lon
don and all the big Inland cities plenty
of fresh fish avery day.
With the advent of the refrigerator
car the English trawler industry
sprang into vigor. In 1895 the total
product of the North sea fleet was val
ued at $13,000,000, and shipbuilders all
over England were busy in the con
struction of larger trawlers.
It was in that year also that the
mest Important advancement of the
industry was attempted, a change from
sails to steam. The first experiments
were most satisfactory as to actual
trawling results, but discouraging as
to attendant expenses. But the "cost
" was speedily placed within due limits,
and steam trawling forged to the
The most of the trawling is now
done in the southern half of the North
sea, but the oldest trawling grounds
are along the Devonshire coast, where
the men of Brixham worked at the
net more than 100 years ago.
Plymouth Is a monster trawling sta
tion, and the number of her trawlers
has quadrupled in the last 25 years.
But the men of this town are still con
tent, for the. most part, to go to sea
every morning and return with their
catch each night. But from Hull fleets
of steam trawlers put out into the
JNortn sea to be gone for weeks.
The beam trawl, which is used bv
all these fishtrmen, is a triangular.
flat, purse-shaped net. with its wide
mouth kept distended by a horizontal
wooden spar called the "'beam." These
nets, worked by powerful tackle and
engines, are of prodigious size. They,
are lowered into the wafer to i?he prop
er depth and remain there for hours
while the vessel steams ahead at full
speed. Into the open mouth of the
huge net the fish are swept by thou
sands. The weight of the struggling
prisoners becomes enormous as the np;
fills, but the fiber meshes are as strong
as steel and hold tons of fish cantive
TOCO'S NERVES STEADIED.
Terrible Ordeal Through Which the
Japanese Admiral Had
Admiral Togo. connuander-Js-chief of
the Japanese navy, whose prowess as i.
fighting mar has won world-wine prais
of late, comes lro:n an oin st c.
Nippon warriors. His naa! eucatlc.
is of the best, and he has been t ri met.
in every way to be a fearless, calm, ant.
tireless fighter, says Success.
In his youth, he and his fellow-students
at the Japanese naval academy
were accustomed to attend an annual
banquet They sat at a circular table
around a slowly revolving cannon loaded
with a ball and trained to the level of
their heads. 'The trigger was so ar
ranged that it could be touched from a
hidden source outside of the banquet
hall. That at some time during the ban
quet the cannon would 'be fired every
one at the table knew; but just when,
or in what direction it would be pointing
was a mystery. Of course, there was a
possibility that the ball might crash
harmlessly between the heads of two
banqueters, but it was equally probable
that it might carry off the head of some
student. Yet no one flinched. The
chances were equal to all.
The picturesque object of destruction
revolving during the jovial hours of the
banquet, pointing from student to stu
dent, and ready at a given moment to
blow any one of them to pieces, was
considered in Japan admirable training
to steady the nerves of a fighting man.
What African Natives Drink.
It was stated at a meeting in Lon
don that Europeans in Africa some
times used the "trade" gin and rum,
sent out for the natives, for mixing
paint, instead of turpentine. No Eu
ropean ever dreamed of drinking it.
Potato spirit, made in Germany, is the
principal medium of commerce with
the natives of West Africa. Its use
by the natives was described as
"Can I put this dog hi the baggage
car?" asked the tall, angular matron en
the station platform.
"Yes, ma'am," said the conductor,
glancing- at the dauchshund and turning
the animal over to the braheinan. "But
we'll have to double him up. There's
only one baggage car hi this train. All
aboard!" Ghicago Tribune.
Our Good Friends, the Farmers.
Many years of our early business lives
were spent doing business exclusively
with the farmers To our minds those
years gave us the boBt lessons in raer
cbandising that we have ever learned.
The farmers u here we had our experi
ences, have honestly earned the reputa
tion of being anion; the best farmers in
the world. They're not only farmers,
they are mrriculturisls, which means
that they are at the same time the very
best kind of business men. We learned
by experience that any store that could
constantly hold the trade of the best
class of farmers must sell the best values
all the time and give the most sincere,
earnest, and honest service in the buei
nesB. In this store the closest buyers
that we have in front of our counters are
those shrewd and long headed farmers,
who know the value of their dollars. We
have maDy of them, and the a' my of
those who come to this store from long
distances to buy their supplies is grow
ing. We always greet them as old
VE T ST. JOSEPH FREE
Trade at THE PLYMOUTH
For MEN'S, BOYS' and
FURNISHINGS, HATS, Etc.,
JJSTJD SAVE MOITEY
WE WILL REFUND YOUR
RAILROAD FARE TO AND FROM
ST. JOSEPH ON EVERY $15 PURCHASE.
THIS GREAT OFFER FOR YOU-
OUR GOODS ARE THE BEST
EVERY PURCHASE HUST BE SATISFACTORY
OR WE WILL CHEERFULLY REFUND YOUR MONEY
SPECIAL ATTENTION IS CALLED TO OUR SUITS AND
OVERCOAT STOCK. TWICE THE STYLES
TO CHOOSE FROM HERE THAN ELSEWHERE
AT $5, $7.50, $10 and $15
fc A Filth and Felix
sjjmsmv Enure m
Townsend I Wyatt
DRY GOODS CO.
Nov. 26 will te
CMldren's Day I
PUZZLED THE POLICEMAN. J
Lawyer's Italian Brogue Was Toa!
Much for the German Guar j
dian of the Law. I
"Justice Peter Fcote, who at one
time administered the law in the old
Harrison street police court, was genial
and popular and an excellent classical
' scholar as well," said Lawyer P. J.
O'Keeffe, according Jo the Chicago
Daily News. "At one time Justice
Foote filled the chair of moral philoso
phy at the University of Notre Dame.
And it was the temporary adoption of
Latin as the language of court and a
policeman's ignorance of the same that
led to the escape of a prisoner under
most unusual circumstances.
"It chanced that there had drifted
over here from Dublin a barrister-at-law
named O'Malley, who had had to
make a fleet and furtive exit from the
old country on account of his political
aftliations. In Chicago O'Malley met
Justice Foote and the two became fast
friends. They -were convivial and took
many a 'horn' together. O'Malley de
veloped a profitable law practice and
most of his cases were tried before
"On one occasion a man who had
been arrested on a serious charge em
ployed O'Malley as his lawyer. The
evidence against the prisoner was
strong, the penalty severe and every
thing pointed to a conviction. The
preliminary hearing within the Harri
son street police court . When the case
was called the prisoner was brought
in by a German policeman. O'Malley
walked up the center of the room
took the prisoner by the arm and
walked him toward the justice, to
whom he majestically waved his band
and bowed in the most impressive and
" 'Morituri salutamus,' said the law
" 'Et, tu, Brute,' returned the judge,
just as solemnly.
"O'Malley bowed again, then, turn
ing around, with great dignity, he con
ducted his client out of the court room,
the puzzled policeman allowing them
to depart unmolested. After awhile
O'Malley returned wreathed in smiles.
On seeing the inquiring look of 'the
policeman he advised the latter to re
port to the desk sergeant.
" 'Where's your prisoner, Herman,
and what disposition is made of the
case?' inquired the sergeant
" 'I do not know where mine pris
oner Is,' answered the officer. 'I "dlt
not know der language, but I thought
der chudge told der lawyer to go out
nit him, so I let him go avay, for der
lawyer said so.'
"Search parties were speedily sent
out, but the defendant had made good
use of his time."
MAN AS A HAIRY ANIMAL.
That a Coating of Hair Is by No Means
Lacking Is a Physiolog
Grand Holiday Opening
DON'T MISS IT
Our new display of
Holiday Goods will be
opened and ready on
the above mentioned
dnte The Newest
Novelties, The Best
Selections, The Most
for one and all, at fair
Never So Good
Never, So Cheap
Santy has sent us word again that he will make his
kAoHmiartopc in nup hin Tnv Denartment. as usual.
Qontu ie a "uric nlri nwi." and knows where he can
WUIIlf '""I w... - . . . . .
get all the nicest and best toys for all the good little
boys and girls. Come early and pick out what you
want and send word to Santy. so he can reserve it
Our bright, sparkling
!ine of Christmas
Gifts is ready for in
spection Come and Look. Your
judgment will tell yoo
what to do. You will
delight in our fine dis
play of holiday good
because it ie in close
touch with the times
and anticipates your
every want. With
pride and confidence
in the variety, rich
ness and completeness
of our beautiful Holi
day Stock, we invite
you to look through.
AN OLD ADAGE
"A light purse is a heavy cune :
Sickness makes a light puree.
The LIVER is the seat of nine
tenths of all disease.
f o to the root of the whole mat
ter, thoroughly, quickly safel;
and restore the action off th
LIVER to normal condition.
jive tone to the system anc
solid flesh to the body.
fake No Substitute.
The Best , . r i i 1. if.
Goods sin and helix bis., josepn, mo.
reiking an Frtazina af Mies
Bluing Balls ana Raft
Perfection for the finest linen as well as
all clothing, cheaper, better, neater and
more convenient tbaa Bluing In any other
form. Wabkaxtkd Not to Streak thb
Drop a Tablet in half a tnb of water, and
the Bis sag Is made. The Tablet In effer
vescent and the water is instantly and
evenly colored. Ten and twenty washings
in a single box, for 5 and 10 cents,
Ackymptctrftrll. If httfmMtktta
It statf as II casts fsr a fesx ky suil.
St. Loiis Granite Co. JES?'
L.ady can learn of vhmI opening and em-t
ploymeiii. for part of time by addressing
CIO Merniod-.Iao-ard t. Louis, Mo
Apart .frAim the hairy Ainos of Ja
pan and a few freaks in the museums
mankind is generally regarded as a
naturally naked creature, thereby dif
fering from his simian and other an
cient relatives, says the Chicago Daily
News. But a coating of hair on the
human body is by no means lacking
although it is useless as a projection
against the weather. Dr. Walter Kidd,
of London, has written- a book on the
direction of the hair in" animals and
man and has some interesting- things
to say. The arrangement of the hair
tracts has a definite and varied slope,
as in other mammals and it is possi
ble Dr. Kidd thinl-8. lo distinguish be
tween hair "currents" inherited Jrum
antiquity, and those due to dressing-! be
hair: The whole matter of the lie of
the hair is not by any means a new
one. Most persons are indeed acquaint
ed with the fact that the slope of the
hair on the monkey's arms is such as
to allow rain to drip off when the an
imal puts those limbs in a particular
Habits of a given animal can be
traced in the variations of the hair
currents, which bear very distinct re
lations to its habits of life. The sloth,
for example, rbJfh, ' Sydney Smith
remarked, spends its life, like a young
curate distantly related to a bishop,
in a state of suspense, has a uniform
downward tendency of hair slop'
Then the complicated movements of
ruminants have resulted in a more
complex series of meetings and oppos
ing currents of hair.
In man himself the general practice
of combing and tying np the bair has
left its undoubted traces. It is not
without interest to lear that out of
100 persons 13 part their hair on the
right, nine in the' middle and 78 on the
left. As a consequence the infant,
guiltless of partings, nevertheless
shows indications of these three fash
ions in corresponding proportions.
An Eveless Paradise.
French West Africa is to be an love
less Paradise. The governor general
has intimated to the minister of the
colonies that the number of stations
and posts offering facilities for mar
ried officers and functionaries are very
few, and that great inconvenience is
already caused by the difficulty of pro
viding family quarters. The minister
is requested to stop the further in
gress of families, and am order has
ju3t been issued1 warning all whom it
may concern that appointments in
West Africa must henceforward be ac
cepted on the basis of bachelorhood.
Aimy officers wifL of course, leave
families behind. London Globe.
"Why don't you sell that yellow dog?"
"Ml3tuh," said Eras-tns Piakley, "dat
proposition is er insait to my Jciends.
If I knew anybody foolish enough to
j buy dat dog I wouldn't associate wif
nun. vvasnicgton mas.
xml | txt