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BIRTHDAYS OF JAPANESE.
All the Little Girls Celebrate in Feb ruary mmd the Boys in Kay. The Japanese have a queer way of celebrating- birthdays. Instead of a party in June for little Tama, and a party in September for little O'Tatsu, aai a party in December for little Unae, there's a party in February in honor of all the little girls, and one in May for all little boys, writes Bertha Runkle, in "Child Life in China and Japan," in St Nicholas. In February every little girl receives from all her grown-up rela tives and friends gifts of dolls, and be side these dolls her mother takes out of the closet many of the dolls she had when she was a child, and some even oider dolls that the little girl's grand aother had when she was a little tot; and I dare say there are dolls that be longed to the little girl's great-grand-znother, and even her great-great-grandmother, quaint dolls in faded clothes of a hundred years and more ago. care fully handed down from mother to daughter ever since. I saw one old doll, about six inches tall, dressed as a daimio, or great lord of bygone times, in gorgeous brocade robes, covered with steel armor of little overlapping plates. Just as beautifully made as if for a real warrior. He wore a tiny helmet, and carried two tiny swords not as large as matches. You could draw the swords out of their scabbards just like real ones, and they were as sharp as they could be. Well, for about a week all Japan is one grand dolls' tea party! And then the festival is over, and all the best dolls, even the presents to the little girl, are put carefully away, never to be even looked at for a whole year. I don't see how the little Japanese girls can bear that part of it. Then at the first of May comes the hoys festival the Fish Festival, it i: called. Every family that's lucky enough to have a boy puts up a flagpole in the door yard; or perhaps several families combine to use the same pole, and have out a bigger, handsomer one than one family could afford. On the top of the pole is a gilt ball, or else a basket with something bright and tin sel y in it. And flying from the pole. im the brisk spring winds, is a whole string of carp, made of oiled paper or cloth, painted in bright colors, ana any where from five to 15 feet long. Each flsfa belongs to some particular boy, and the carp is chosen because it is a big, atroBg fish, and not only can swim against the most rapid currents, but in its eagerness to get up stream will leap straight up waterfalls. The gold ball leans a treasure, which the carp, leap ing and struggling, buffeted by the wind. Is forever trying to. reach. And the wherte thing means that the boy. when he's a man. will have to battle his way as the sturdy carp struggles up the iver. The fishes look so very pretty ad gay. flying over his house, and the hoy gets so many treats at Fish Festi val time, that I don't think he minds tsh if the carp fofk nice little jolly lec ture on ambition. ' TORTURE FOR BEAUTY. low Woman Inflicted Agony on Her self to Improve Her Looks. You must suffer to be so beautiful, according to a French saying. There seems to be some truth in the state ment, if a lady's maid is to be be lieved, says the Paris correspondent f the London Telegraph. She has revealed the secrets of her mistress's boudoir, or, rather, torture chamber. The woman herself is now beautiful, hut one wonders that she is still alive. For months she lay fiat on the floor, motionless, with her arms close to her ides, during several hours every day. This was. It appears, to improve her Sgure. During the rest of the day, for the same period of time, she sat on a high stool giving and rocking the up per part of her body backward and 4orward and from side to side unceas ingly. By this process she is said to have acquired a statuesque throat and a yiph's waist. The woman's nose, hav ing a soaring nature, was corrected and made Grecian by the constant ap plication day and night for months of a spring bandage. One nostril was originally larger than the otber, so she wore a small sponge in it for a year. Her cheeks have been filled out and rounded by injections of paraffine. Her ears for months were compressed against the sides of her head by springs, which heavy weights were at tached to the lobes to produce the re quired elongated shape, which has been successfully achieved. Having suffered this complicated martyrdom for a year, the woman, as already stated, is now beautiful. Guard Was Satisfied. Walter B. Stevens, secretary of the Louisiana Purchase exposition recent ly was down for an address of wel come before the congress of deaf and dumb held at the world's fair. Usual ly punctual, he was a few moments! late, and by way of preface apologized for his tardiness, his explanation be ing interpreted to his "audience" in the sign language by an instructor oii the platform. "When I reached the door," said Mr. Stevens. "I was stopped by a Jefferson guard, who told me that no one was admitted except deaf and dumb per sons. 1 told him that I was deaf and dumb and had a right to enter. " Oh. if that's the case. sir. pass right in,' the guard replied." Minne apolis Journal. Colorado Mica Mines. The mica mines or Colorado promise I be more money making than the gold mines. Colorado's mica is said to fee the finest and best for commercial purposes in the world. BULLET STOPPED BY LUNG. Case ef National Ouardsman Whs Was Shot a'Puule to Surgeons. The case of Richard James, of Pottav ville. who was wounded on November 15, 1903, on the rifle range of the nation al guard, at North America, a suburb of that town, has gained national impor tance, if not a world-wide interest, says the Philadelphia North American. Though more than one year has elapsed, the surgeons who have investigated the case here and those who discussed it at a meeting of the military surgeons at St. Louis, held recently, have not been able to explain the mysterious wound and it- remains a puzzling question. While on the range with other mem bers of company H, Eighth regiment, national guard of Pennsylvania, James was mysteriously wounded by a bullet from a Krag-Jorgensen rifle in the hands of the captain. J. H. Hoepstein. The bullet, which is still in his body, entered the chest. These missiles have a penetrating power of 44 inches through ordinary boards, but it failed to pass throusrh the body of the young soldier. After he received the wound he walked from the range to the armory, a dis tance of nearly two miles, but was sup ported on either side by comrades. From the armory he was taken to the Potts ville hospital. Maj. George H. Halber stadt. of Pottsvilie. the brigade surgeon, was summoned. He forbid probing for the ball at that time. It was subse quently located by the X-ray and it re mains in his body and he still lives. He, however, has been much weakened in strength. The wounded soldier, in describing the sensation of having a ball enter his body, used this language: '"The ball had a burning sensation, and 1 could feel it sizzling as it burned its way through my flesh." Why did not the ball pass through the body of James? is the question that is interesting the surgeons who have been inquiring into the case. The question was discussed at length at the meeting of the military surgeons at St. Louis. Maj. George H. Halberstadt. surgeon of the Third brigade, and Maj. Montel ius, of Mount Carmel. surgeon of the Eighth regiment, of which Richard James is a member, were present and participated in the discussion. Maj. Halberstadt presented photographs of James, showing the bullet as It lay in the man's chest. The surgeons unanimously agreed with htm that had the bullet struck some resisting object, such as a rib or other bone, it would have acquired velocity enough to pass through a half dozen other persons,, but striking a soft substance, namely, the air cushions of the lungs, the speed, velocity and force of the missile was staid or spent and further injury or damage was saved. The steel bullet has peculiarities of this nature, contends Dr. Halberstadt, which are puzzling the scientific men of the day. It will pierce and pass through hard bodies, but is stopped. and disfig ured by soft bodies from which little resistance is met. This characteristic is in exact contrast to that of the. old leaden ball propelled by black powder. A surgeon, who was with the Japan ese and with the Russian armies in Manchuria, was present at the St. Louis conference. He declared that before going into battle soldiers of these armies rolled their overcoats in a loose bundle as a shield to protect their bodies from the modem ball. The steel bullet, he said, will not penetrate this armor. GERMAN RAILWAY TROUBLE Various Kingdoms of the Empire Own Lines and Friction Results. Some of the disadvantages of gov ernment ownership of railways are in dicated by United States Secretary of Embassy Dodge, writing from Berlin, who says that the idea of uniting all the railways in Germany appears to have gained ground, says the New York World. Prince Bismarck deired to have the empire manage all the rail ways, but was prevented by the south ern German governments. which feared to give too great powers to the empire and to Prussia. 'Consequently, the railways were purchased by each German government individually, and are managed independently. This has caused great disadvantages, particularly to smaller governments. An example is that whole trains of freight cars often make long return journeys empty because they belong to another government, and cannot be loaded. Of late years, owing largely to com mercial depression, the railways of the small states have not been giving good financial reports. Those of Prussia, however, have stood the strain well. Prussia has for years been trying to induce rhe other states to agree to some compromise which would secure united management while leaving the ownership to the governments. Only the small duchy of Hesse has actually made such an arrangement with Prus sia. Lately, however, the initiative In this matter has been taken by some of the southern German governments themselves, and the difficulty seems in a fair way to be solved. Those Dear Girls. Grayce What's Miss Uglymugg kick ing about? Gladys She says Cbolly called on her when he'd been drinking. "Well, what about it? Wasn't he drunk enough to propose?" Louisville Courier-.Iournal. Artistic. Mickey What's a maulstick. Pat? Pat Sure, and I dunno, Mick un less it's a fancy n.ime lor a shillelagh. All j oloper. REVIVING THEIR LANGUAGE Nationalising Werk ef Gaelic League Includes Return to the Old Tongue. In a study of contemporary conditions in Ireland Seumas MacManusshows that the Irish are returning to their native tongue, says the World's Work. The Gaelic league has not only arrested the decay of the language, but it has made startling progress in restoring it. It has fought and overcome the hostile na tional board of education, with the re sult that 3.000 of the national schools are teaching the language to-day to 95. 000 pupils, as against a few schools that taught it to 313 pupils 13 years ago. In addition to this. Gaelic is taught to about 100,000 others in the remaining primary schools, night schools, intermediate schools and colleges. The big commer cial concerns are finding it to their ad vantage to keep Irish-speaking em ployes, who can attend customers that insist on giving their orders, whether spoken or written, in Gaelic. The rail ways, the banks and the post office, after struggling sorely against the crusade, very soon required a knowledge of the language both spoken and literary from all candidates for clerkships. It is a pity for Ireland that, more of her girls do not return. Emigration is the greatest evil that Ireland labors un der to-day. The country is being de pleted by this drain, which, for 150 years, has not once ceased flowing and which has been running with fearful rapidity during the last b'O years. The government returns show that in the last 53 years 4.000.000 Irish people emi grated. During the '40. for which we have no record, and especially during the famine years, the outflow in coffin ships of famine-driven, fever-stricken fugi tives tens of thousands of whose whit ening bones on the sea floor still link Ireland to America by a terrible chain was tremendous. The census returns for the decade 1841-51 show that Ireland had a net. loss in those ten years of 16.000 people, or one-fifth of its population. In 1841 Ire land had a population of 8.200.000; in 1901 the population, which at the nat ural rate of Irish increase, should have been more than 9.000.000. had fallen to 4.460,000! In 64 years Ireland has sent out more emigrants than there are peo ple in the island to-day. Now the birth rate is decreasing, because the per centage of unmarried adults has been increasing and because the average marrying age has been growing higher. So the people, who at one time ware pro verbially prolific, will soon have lost that character. As the great birth rate, which tended to moderate the effects of. emigration, lessens, the emigration evil year by year assumes a more and more alarming aspect. WHY FIREMEN SMA8H GLASS Critic of the Custom Learns Season for the Breaking of Windows. "That is wanton destruction of prop erty," said the man on the sidewalk, as a shower of glass fell from the win dows of a burning building across the street, relates the Chicago Record Herald. "It is apparent you know nothing about fire fighting." challenged the man at his elbow. The speaker had one arm in a sling, and a few feet of adhesive plaster on his face and forehead. He wore the uniform of a fireman, and it needed no explanation to understand that he was laid up for repairs. He was determined not to see his fellows assailed without de fending them. "Now, my friend, since you have volunteered to criticise, I am going to show you where you are wrong. That is not wanton destruction of property. In breaking that glass the men in that building are merely protecting their lives. You see the smoke pouring from the windows? Well, that smoke is as thin, compared to what is inside, as a light mist is to a waterfall. The men working inside are breaking glass in order to get air. They are lighting their way to the fire, instead of wait ing for the fire to come to them. If they did not break the windows they woud suffocate. "Again, that smoke, if confined, would generate a deadly gas of such explosive strength that It would de stroy' the whole block. The firemen know that, and you do not. Remem ber, the fireman, when he enters the service, takes an oath to protect life and property. In this case he is do ing both. Do not think because you see a fireman with a pike pole that he is going out to punch holes in plate glass, just to practice marksman ship." Revenge. "Why didn't you stop for that man?" inquired the passenger on the front plat form. "Because." said the motorman. with a metallic ring in his voiee. "be used Co run one of i hese cars when I had a job of clerkin' downtown. I'm getting even with him. by gursh!" Chicago Tribune. Up in His Part. Manager Now. then, remember that we're depending on your baby to cry lustily during the third scene. Do you think the youngster will do its yelling" well? Actor He ought to. He's been re hearsing day and night for a month. Houston (Tex.) Chronicle. Not So Lovely. Young Jones (drawing a little near er) Such a beautiful moonlight eve ning as this, Miss Judie. is enough to make anybody love everybody. Judie (moving a little farther away) Yes: but it isn't quite enough ?o make everybody love anybody Tit-Bits. FUTURE FOOD OF AMERICA. Our Vast KeaouMsrXake Posaible the Highest Ferm of Civ-ilteation. Writing of "The Economic Interpre tation of History" in the bimonthly an nals of the American Academy of Polit ical and Social Science, Prof. Simon N. Patten, of the University of Pennsyl vania, says this of an American future based on food supplies: "Not only has America a better food supply than Europe, but the barriers to commerce have been so far broken down as to make the food supply of the whole world available at our great centers. "A new civilization is now possible to which those of the past can offer few analogies. Individual struggle ha? practically ceased. A sufficiency of food comes to the unskilled laborer, and the increase of population even when augmented by a million immi grants a year does not increase the pres sure. We have higher standards to-day with 80.000.000 people than we had two generations ago with 40,000,000 people, and we could support 300.000,000 with as great ease and with as little individual struggle. "The great central plain of North America is a vast storehouse of food. We have the wheat that Europe has. but we have it more abundantly. We have more extensive grazing regions, and with corn for fodder have superior fa cilities for raising cattle. Pork never took its proper place in the diet of the world until the great cornfields of the west came into existence. "To think of the changes in diet that the cheapening of sugar has made is to realize in a measure what an increase of population will follow the full utiliza tion of available root crops. We have combined the resources on which the civilization of north Europe depends and those which made the ancient civiliza tions of the south. The immigrants from south Europe find here a possible diet like that of their home countries, and in its use they evoke qualities in our soil that. lay dormant as long as the northern races were fed from it. "In addition to these home possibili ties the nearness and accessibility of the semi-tropical regions of-the West Indies and Central America made many new foodstuffs available and in quanti ties practically unlimited. Measured in food, these regions can support as great a population as can the United States, and cost is less than that of the home supply. We need only a fruit and a veg etable loving population to utilise these new food materials, and it is at hand in the immigrants from southern and cen tral Europe. "This food supply could not be made available nor could the absorption and assimilation of southern races take place without the recent cheapening of the cost of transportation. "Coincident with this improvement in food and transportation have come social betterments that have length ened life and made people more healthy. Great scourges like the medieval plagues are no longer possible, and fevers are so well under control that they have; ceased to be grievous afflictions. "To attain all these advantages a rapid increase of capital is necessary, and fortunately the growth of the sav ing instinct has kept pace with other improvements. A alight change in the rate of interest calls forth capital enough for our great enterprises. "Food, health, capital and mobility of men and goods are the four essentials to progress. All of them are now abundant y supplied and capable of indefinite increase. Must not this be the basis of a great social translormation. changing our institutions, habits and traditions mtil they establish a social adjust ment as complete as the present eco nomic situation permits? If there was a break in traditions, institutions and ideas when civilization moved from southern to northern Europe, a still greater crisis is before us when Amer ican civilization matches American pos sibilities." How Fishes Breathe. By means of their gills fish breathe the air dissolved in water. The oxy gen consumed by them is not that which forms the chemical constituent of the water, but that contained in the air which is dissolved in the water. Fishes transferred to water from which the air has been driven out by a high temperature, or in which the air absorbed by them is not replaced, are soon suffocated. They require aerated water to maintain life, and they take it in constantly through their mouths and expel it through their gills, retaining the air. It follows that if the water in a lake should be com pletely cut off from oontaot with the air long enough to exhaust the supply of air. the fish in the lake would die. It would take a severe and pretty long-continued freeze to accomplish this, but it might happen, and doubt less has frequently happened, with a small body of water. 8t. Nicholas. Italians on Southern Farms. Italians are industrious and thrifty and are as rule excellent farmers, market gardeners and tradesmen. In the- parts of the seuth where the Ital ian!! have settled they have achieved a decided sucoess am truek growers and in other employments, and their con dition in comparison with many of their compatriots who have remained in the great cities as day laborers under the guidance of the exacting padrones is striking. If this work can be done on a large scale for all classes and races of immigrants the gain for the country will be tremendous. The congestion in the cities will be re lieved, the slums curtailed, many bur dens lifted from the charities, the criminal class reduced and the jail population diminished. Philadelphia Ledger. HOME-SEEKERS' EXCURSIONS VIA THE RURLINGTOtrfMMJTE. The firsthand third Tuesday of. Octo ber, November and December, the Bur liDgtonjRoute will sell Home-Seekers tickets to many points in Kansas.Nebras ka, South Dakota and Wyoming, at ap proximately one fare for the round trip. TO CALIFORNIA. If you are going to California, take che through tourist sleeper on the week ly personally conducted excursions; they are quite as comfortable, and at one half the price of the standard sleepers and are becoming very popular with tourists and settlers. The route is via Denver, Scenic Colorado and Salt Lake. THE WORLD'S FAIR. The most stupendous creation by the hand of man. Greatly reduced rates daily throughout the Exposition period. Consult your nearest ticket agent for rates and information relative to hotels and stopping places. STOPOVERS IN ST. LOUIS. Stopovers for the Exposition allowed on through tickets. Buy through over the Burlington. Consult initial agent, or write the undersigned for rates, routes, berths, specific information and publications. K. II.CKOZIEK, W. A. LA LOR, Div. hcs'rAK't. Ass'tGen'l Pass'r Ag't. .St . Joseph. Io. St. Louis, Mo. VIXK HOVEY, Agent, Forest City, Mo. o Tired 11 may be from overwork but the chances are its from an in active iiwep With a well conducted LIVER one can do mountains off labor fvitfcoiit fatigue. it adds a hundred per cent to ones earning capacity. it can be kept in healthful action by, and only by Tift Pills TAKE NO SUBSTITUTE. 80 YEARS' EXPERIENCE Trade Mamcs Deafens Copyrights 4c Anyone sending a sketch aad Saacrlettoa may quickly ascertain oar opinion tree whether as invention is probably ust siMaa bv Cosssraatca ttona strictly confidential.' RMMSK oa Patent sent free. Oldest axeocy.foraecuuicamtenU. Patents taken throng Mann a Co. receive tftcial notice, without charge. In the . Scientific jmcrkaH. A handsomely lllnrt rated weekly. Largeeteir eolation of any acientlSe foeraal. Terms. SI a year: four months, SL BoM brail newsdealers. liUNN & CoV'!m New Yort Branch Office. 936 F 8L. Washington. D. C BLUING mm SAVE EY No More treaklnaefClsthea freaking an Freezing ef Settles Spilling efBlHlna Bluini Balls as Raft Perfection for the finest linen ss well as all clothins;, cheaper, better, neater and more convenient than Bluing In any other form. Wauuotid Ner to Stxkaje thb Clothxs. Drop a Tablet In half a tab of water, aad the Bniing is made. The Tablet is effer vescent and the water fa Instantly and evenly colored. Ten and twenty washings in a single box, for 6 and It cents, fekiaar gracer fer It. If be 4m set kits It sata at II csata far a hat br auH. St. bits Graiile Ci. JiffiftC Administrator's Notice. Notice is herebv sriven that letters of ad ministration upon the estate of Louisa Taylor, bite of the Countv of Holt and State of Mis souri, deceased, have been granted to the un dersiinied..M. I). Walker.hv the Probate Court of said County of Holt, bearing the date of November 'SZ. 1HM. All persons navmg claims against said estate are re quired to exhibit them to me for al lowance within one year after the date of said letters, or they may be precluded froni any benefit of such estate: :inri if sue li claims lie not exhibited within two years f mm the time of the publication of this notice, they will be forever barred. Public Administrator. December !, 11KU. T . . .1 st..H 1 ...... i k ivniH nnatitnlT -mH m - ployment for part, of time by addressing I 619 Mermod-.TaccarJ Building. St. LouIs.Mol Money to Loan, per cent interest on rarcn lanus.pn - aaj lege to pay at any interest pay uay, reasonable commission. HENRY G. BUCKINGHAM, 515 Francis Street, St. Joseph, Mo. Financial Agent of the Travelers Insurance Company. DR. A. V. BANES, ST. JOSEPH, MO. Office hours 11 s m. to 4 p. m., except j Saturdays and Sundays 11 a. ra. to 1 p.! ra. Chronic diseases of both sexes a . peciaify. Monthly trea'ment furnished. . a-a m ms J. T.JHATCHER. M.D Homeopatfaist aid SnrutQi OFFICE OVER MOORE k SEEMAN. Special attention given to Orlficial Surgery AND ITS RELATION TO CHRONIC DISEASES. Oregon, Mo. Telephones: Residence, 18; Office. 9 G. W. MURPHY, ATTORNEY - AT - LAW OREGON, MO. Will practice in all courts. Commer cial business a specialty. Office over Moore & Kreek's store. PETREE BROS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW Office up stairs in VanBuskirk building, OREGON, MISSOURI. B. B. SIMMONS, Physician & Surgeon. Residence third block south of opera house. Office over Hinde Drug' Co's store. Phone No. 24. J. SCOTT, D. V. S., OREGON, MO. Veterninary Surgeon andDentist.Gradu ate of the Western Veterninary College. Permanently located. Treats all diseases and performs all operations. Phone No. 109 Hotel Woodland. Phone No. 38-Seeman'e barn. C .D .Zook, Albert roeckeb, President. Cashier. G. L. Cummins, Assistant Cashier. Zook & Roecker BANKING COMPANY. OREGON, : : MISSOURI Established 1871. The oldest bank in the county. Trans acts a general banking business. Inter est paid cm time deposits. Drafts sold on all the principal cities of the country and Europe. Have made special ar rangements to collect money due from estates in foreign countries. The ac counts of farmers, merchants and indi viduals respectfully solicited. Special care given to any businessintrusted to us. Telephone No. 12. Daniel Zachman, C. J. Hunt, President. Cashier. S. O. Zachman, Assistant Cashier. OREGON, HO. Capital Stock Paid Up. $20,000. Transacts a general banking businc Interest paid on deposits left for speci fied time. Drafts issued on principal cities. Col lections made and promptly remitted Directors: Dnniel Zachman, presi dent; Geo. H. Allen, secretary; C. L. Evans, T. S. Hinde and B. F. Morgan. Telephone Ko. 43. MARTHA PETREE, Osteopathic Physician. Oregon, Missouri. Residence, three blocks west of Opera House. Examination Free. 'Phone: Independent, No. 57. AMERICA'SGREATESTWEEKLY THE Toledo Blade TOLEDO, OHIO. The Best Known Newspa per in the United States. Circulation 171,000. Popular in Every State. The Toledo Blade ! sew installed in its new building, with a modern plant and equip ment, and facilities equal to any publication between New York. and Chicago. It is the only Weekly newspaper edited expressly for every state and territory. The News of the World so arranged that busy people can more easilv comprehend, than by reading cumber some columns of dailies. All current topics made plain in each issue by special editorial matter written from inception down to date. The only paper published especially for peo ple who do or do not read daily newspapers, and yet thirst for plain facts. That this kind of a newspaper is popular, is proven by the fact that the Weekly Blade now has over 170,000 yearly sulscribers. and 13 circulated in all parts of the U. S. In addition to the news, the Blade publishes! short and serial stories, and many 'departments of matter suited to every member of the family. Only one dollar a year. Write for free specimen copy. Address THE BLADE, Toledo, Ohio. CHICHCSTCR'S ENGLISH - k fcr CHICHESTER'S ENGLOM la KZB as4 M Mtallie Wm. mM wkkhiaariMwa. Takeaeethe Setae tiiliiiii laiiltlallias i ImtU Mas. or jnr mum, w mm mm m uaa aw ParHhns, TsMjtaseaiela ellsrsj Lalsa imm. yw' tmlil. lie Ttwc.aim SNtfty PiHm. Calekcatav - Cat. 4444 JSaiine hm. FB1IL. Mi, Administratrix's Nstice. Notice is hereby given that letters of ad ministration on the estate of John S. Curtis, deceased, were granted to the undersigned, on the 4th day of January. 1905. by the Pro bate Court of Holt County, Missouri. All persons having claims against said estate are requested to exhibit them for allowance to the administratrix within one year after the date of said letters, or they may be precluded from any benefit of such estate; and if such claims be not exhibited within two years from the date of this publication, they will be forever burred. AXXIE CURTIS. Administratrix. Thi K'.tb day of January, !!. ' Ti mm ml PEN it