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Stnfce Ilislorioal Society
P i ' '4 II wttite in 40TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1905. NUMBER 38 1 Sil2f 5 M T W T F 5 -wiC"! 12 3 4- lit SI 5 6 7- 8 9 10 II 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ftfrr jfJP3 19 20 21 22 23 2425 ps34 M&Jg 26 27 28 .V&4 Arrival and Departure of Mails at the Postoifi.ee, Oregon, Mo. MAILS DEPART: 7:40 a.m. For Omaha ant intermediate points, and all points north, east and west. 1S:10 p. m. For all points north, south, east and west, except Tarkio and Villisca branches. S :45 a. m. For St. Joseph and intermediate points. 3 :30 p. m. For New Point only. lS:ea.m. Helwijr supplied by Rural Car rier, Route No. 2. :25 p. m. For Villisca, north, mail to all points north, east, south and west, except intermediate be tween Forest ity and St. Joseph. 12:46 m. For all points north, south, east and west. Mail made up at 8:00 p. m. MAILS ARRIVE. 9:10 a.m. Omaha Mails from all points, north, east, south and west. tO:SO a. m. Villisca and Tarkio Valley branches. Mails from north e:ist, south and west. 1 :30 a. m. From New Point only. 3:15 p. m. Main line K. C, St. Joe. & C. B. Malls from all points, north south, enst and west. 6 :00 p. m. From St. Joseph. e:ooa. m. Rural Route No. 2, leaves. Re turns at 4:00 p. m. le:eo u. m. Rural Route, No. 1, leaves. Re turns, 4:00 p. m. 9:45 si. m. Rural Route, No. 3, leaves. Re turns at 4:00 p. m. 8:30 a. ni. Main line, K. C.St. Joe & C. B. Mail from all points. Mails are made up promptly 15 minutes be fore departing time. New Point mail arrives and departs daily xcept Sunday. Mail to Fortescue, Rulo and points on the B & M. in Nebniska within 100 miles of this office, should be mailed before 8:45 a. m. in order to reach its destination the same day. Mails for main line of K. 0., St. Joe. & C. B. -north and south, ure made up and depart at the same time, for day train, 12:10 p. m. OFFICIAIi DIRECTORY. Circuit Court. Convenes first Monday In January; fourth Mondays in April and August. William 0. Ellison, circuit judge. Ivan Blair, prosecuting attorney. George W. Hogrefe, circuit clerk. James A. Williams, sheriff. Harry M. Irwin, stenographer. Probate Court. Convenes second Mondays in February, May August, and November. Henry T. Alkire, probate judge. County Court. Regular Terms: First Mondays in Febru ary May, August and November. Jacob Wehrli, presiding judge. George W. Cotten, Judge 1st district. Henry E. Wright, judge of 2d district. Enoch A. Welty, clerk of county court. F L. Zeller, deputy county clerk. County Board of Health. Jacob Wehrli, president. George W. Cotten.vice-presldent. W. O. Proud, county physician. Enoch A. Welty, secretary. County Board of Education. A. R. Coburn,, Oregon. W. W. Gallaher, Mound City. Alberta O. Green, Craig. Collector of Revenue, Nicholas Stock. County Treasurer, George W. Cummins. Recorder of Deeds, Robert Callow. Commissioner of Schools, A. R. Coburn. Public Administrator, M.D . Walker. Superintendent of Poor, SebournOarson. Surveyor, Wm. M. Morris. Asssessor, Will Fitzmaurice. Can you guess the denomination of the Little Bird? They say Feathers make the Bird. Bunker has your place. A New Amazonia. The great Burlington system has al ready begun work on improvements at Amazonia, tbe extent of which is not known at present That eventually thousands of dollars will be spent there seems certain. For months it has been quiet ly buy ing up land in that vicinity until now i hey own about 60 acres, bought gener ally in small tracts at prices ranging from 160 to 8125 per acre. The plans of the road now seem to be to make th wide expanse of bottom lands now owned by the road in the vi cinity of Amazonia, a great storage 'of fice for its rolling stock. Amazonia is so situated that this can be done witn out the great expense that is attached to such an establishment in St Jteph. At the s .me time it is located just at the d.stribu ing oiut of the Burling ton's enormous wes em and northwest em traffic. A turntable has already been put in, and it is said that the plans now con template storage traces with a capacity of 2,000 cars. Around house with six stalls will be built as soon as work can b'gin in the early spring. An inter locking switch 8 stem with 32 levers has already been instituted. There may be much more of this tort of work in contemplation, but these facts are sufficient in themselves to show that a uew Amazonia is about to arise in southwest Andrew and we are all glad of it. Savannah Republican. The Good Roads Fund. House Bill No. 6, now in the bands of the committer on roads and highways, provides: ' That all moneys paid into the good roads fund, whether from fees arising from the inspection of coal oil or other illuminating fluids; by grant, gift or de vise; by appropriation out of the general revenue fund; or, from any other source whatever, shall be appropriated at each biennial session of the legislature, to be distributed, by the person whose duty it shall be to distribute the school moneys, to the different counties of the state and the city of St. Louis, accord ing to the enumeration of school chil dren at the next preceding enumeration, to be used in the construction of maca damized or graveled roads, and for no other purpose whatever: Provided, that no money belonging to the good roads fund shall be paid to any county or the city of St. Louis except upon a warrant drawn by tbe treasurer of such county or city upon the treasurer of this state, which warrant shall certify that the county court has appropriated a like amount, or that a like amount has been subscribed in such county or city to bo used for a similar purpose; and when any county or city fails for a period of two years to draw its pro rata share of the good roads fund, such undrawn portion shall revert to the good roads to be again appropriated as is provided for in this act. C. H. Rhodes, of Topeka, the well known poultry expert, was here for a day or two last week, and made a scor ing on the R. B. Bridgeman chickens; the White Wyandottes. HEAVY REAL ESTATE DEALS. Holt County Transfers Pass the Mil lion Mark, but Not a Boom. Line upon line und precept upon pre cept are necessary to warn the people against the d ingers of speculat-on. Es pecially is this wan ing needed at this time, when prosperity is tak ng on a new lease of life. That mysterious thmg we call "co fidenee" has been "re stored," and confidence breeds the spec ulative spirit. Now is the time to launch our enterprise, say the adven turous. Crops have heen good. Rail road earnings are large. Iron and sJeel ft low range of prices are active. Busi ness is on firm footing. Farmers are getting out of debt,. The banks are full of money. It is time to make money, sa the frenzied financiers. "Good times" is the s gnal for ao inebriety of optim ism. And so there is a I ig bulg1 of stocks on Wall Street. We are mercur ial people. The temperment of the aver ane American is speculation. In no o her country in the world do the peo so desire to get rich soquickly. Thewide awnke ride the top of a wave of pr sper ity, like a swimming cork. And we for get easily. We remember but dimly the boom and its reaction -the crisis. A panic speedily becomes ancient his'ory. Wall Street does not contain all the good forgetters. In our anxiety to rob the future of it profits, we forget the re suits that followed recklessness. Go slow! Do not permit the prospect of favorabln conditions and the excess of enthusiasm to sweep you off your feet. This year ought to be a great year for busi cess if sanity shall govern busi transactions. Be content with normal growth. Mushroom methods cannot give permanency. Go slow and be care ful. Over one million dollars' worth of real estate has been sold in Holt county dur ing the year 1904. Practically all of it was sold to th s- who desired to increase their holdings In a few instances sales were made to those who have come here to make their homes. There has been no boom or speculation in the land deals of the year just passed. The prices ob tained have been satisfactory and main tained at the high range that have pre vailed the past three years. The season of greatest activity in land is from about October 1st to March 1st. During this time the bujers "look around" and se lect their lands. After they have bought they usually secure a contract for a deed by paying about 10 per cent of the pur chase price Hnd the balance on or before the first of the next succeeding March, when full warranty deed is given and possession taken by the new owner After this they settle down to the solid business of farming and planning their work in the hope of a fruitful harvest. It is a noticeable fact that fully one third of the sales were made for cash. The older men, who are selling their lands are a class moving to the country towns to settle and live on the compe tency obtained by the eale of their farms, and the oung or middle aged class are either increasing their acreage or are selling acd reinvesting and moving to adjoining counties or other states It is difficult to predict how high the present prices of land may go. With land in the Platte Purchase capable of producing almost anything that will grow out of doors, and in fact almost every kind of cereal and grass that is raised in the same latitude, it would not seem exaggerated to predict that prices in those counties composing t'e Platte Purchase will soon equal prices obtained anywhere in the middle west. It has come to be a matter of general knowledge that the citizenship of the territory participating in this movement has been greatly benefitted by the in coming of land buyers. The shiftless farmer is being gradually weeded out, and either gone out of the business of farming or moved to some other locality and more prosperous and better fitted successors have taken his place. This class of farmers is becoming more pro ficient in its calling than ever before, and is receiving help from the United States Department of Agriculture. This bureau issues bulletins that may be bad for the asking, on every conceiv able subject of interest to a farmer. The agricultural colleges and stations throughout the country are also actiye in the effort to aid the farmer and get good results. New and improved farm machinery are constantly introduced, new methods, new grass seeds, new cer eals have been distributed. Conditions have been more thoroughly studied than ever before. There has been a combina tion of intelligent study and fruitful ap plication resulting in the raising of larger crops than was ever believed pos sible. In November, 1903, a gentleman from Iowa came down among us and pur chased 174 acres of Missouri bottom land, paying $6,96092,000 in cash, giv- a trust deed to secure the balance of 84, 9G0. In a very short time he sold 20 acres off of the tract for $800. and from the farm and this sale paid his debt down to Sl.080 He then sold 74 acres of the land fur 86,000 in cash, leaving him 85,500 cash and 80 acres of the original 174 acres free from any incum brance. B-Iow we give the record of transac tions for the ear 1904: WARRANTY AND QUIT CLAIM. No. Value. January 59 S 129,600 February 7G 170,762 March 117 455.681 Ap.il ; 43 75.3 .9 May 43 81,771 Jun- 40 47,897 July 34 5(5,278 August 21 13,490 September 35 57,696 October ,64 101.917 November 44 54.5S5 December 62 88,704 638 81,373,700 TRUST DEKDS. No. Value Releases January 38. . . .8 46.171. . . .8 29,253 February. .. 63.... 130.790.... 97,147 March 91.... 321.894.... 134.463 April 47.... 63,524.... 23.620 May 31.... 59,416.... 29,874 June 16.... 14.148.... 12.8M July 21.... 37.273... 11,340 August 15 ... 11,675.... 11,303 September.. 30 ... 37,615.... 32,000 October 34 ... 50,175.... 26,537 November... 22... 31,245.... 45,849 December... 37.... 45,241 ... 18,235 445 8854,167 8472,418 Average value of each warranty, 82, 153. Average value of each trust deed, $1, 926. Average value of each relea e, 81,349. The following is the record of war ranty, trust deeds and releases filed since 1896: vVarranty Trust Releases 1896....$ 441,707 $862,565 $208,865 1897.... 465,909 410,613 365.561 1898 ... 841.486 569.135 230,700 1899.... 726,811 347 210 358,600 1900.... 909,288 532.141 432,141 1901... 857,989 448,728 394,264 1902.... 1,543,230 834,244 557.052 1903.... 1,537,208 711.579 408342 1904.... 1,373,700 854,167 472,414 The. bank deposits also show a most prosperous condition among the people of Holt. Tbe largest amount on hand at the time of making the statements by the various banks were as follows: 1896, August $ 457.742 1897, October 598.133 1898, December 737,215 1899, September 842.782 1900, February 840,926 1901, November 1,202,342 1902, November 1,279,851 1903, March 1,500,687 1904, December 1,132,427 Below will be found a list of the largest deals made during the year 1904, involving $5,000 or over: Allen, M F, to A J Jamison $ 1 1,000 Allen, Geo H to J W Squire . . . 6,373 Alkire, Wm J to Ira Alkire 5,000 Batman, OD to W H Weight man 15,050 Batman, O D to Geo Glick 5,600 Boring, C E to Jerry Rowlett. . . 10 562 Blazer, Hiram to Elmer J Crider 11,850 Banker. Geo W to 0 H Thomas. 5,600 Bridgeman, J F to J H Newton. 5,850 Broad Guage Mer Co to J R Col- lison 18,000 Blazer. Hiram to H M Blazer. . . 7,200 BlaUi, Mary to Joseph Weis 5,097 Busby, 1 N to F E Brooke 8,000 Catron, Christopher to D S Cat ron 5,600 Canon, Sarah E to Chas A Doughty 8,500 Cottier, Robert to Harrison Metzgar 10,400 Carson, Gary to J M Norvell .... 5,200 Canon. Wm to T E Haynes 20,000 Connett, A J to Geo W Banker. 6,600 Cox, E G to F A Gillispie 8,800 Dankers, H A to Henry Naber.. 5,150 Davis, Jno W to A J Buntz 6,400 Decker Albert P to Precilla Whitmer 5.000 Foster, Chas to Bettie Wicker sham etal 10,000 Gordon, B F to Albert P Decker 8,400 Gleason, Jno to Conrad Ideker.. 7,100 German, Isaac to Ab Loucks 7,200 Gunn, W C to Jno N Wise 11,057 Gunn, W C to E Vandeventer. .. 5.000 Griffith, Sirum to Isaac D Painter 6,800 Huffman, F M to David Miller.. 8,100 Heltzel, J H to J S Nauman .... 5,754 Hodges, Minnie to Chas Geiger. 5.000 Hunter, T M to Allie H Bond. .. 5.000 Intermill, John to G W Lentz. . . 5,000 Kneale, Frank to Arthur Brown 13,000 Keller, Sarah E to Jacob A Wehrli 5,400 Knapp, Geo W to Spencer Re cords 7,250 Kneale Clara to Chas R Nevins. 6,880 Lower, Peter to Jas Fries 12,360 Meadows, Lemuel A to Marvin P Meadows 5,600 Meyer, Rufus to Polly E Bos well Mann, P W to Mod- Mors" Minion, Jno L to Jas A Duke... Metzgar, Harrison to Virginia Canon Morgan, Jas B to W C Gunn. . . Miller, Edwin E to M P McCul lough McKenzie, W E to J H Whitsell McCulIoch M P to Ed E Miller. Norvell, J M to Jas Baccus Newton, J H to M P McCulIoch Prdon, A R to Wm J Hoppel.. Parker, J S to Peter L L . er . . . Prxisewater, Sam to V:m Praise water Payne, J B to J W Payne Perkins, Margaret E to Felix Gambell Pardon, A P to Sarah A Fisher. Pennel, Hugh to Wm Pennel... Quick, Geo to McKee & Bilby.. Redraon.W E to Rosa A H -grefe Rayhill, Jacob to C W Lukens. . Rutidle, M A to A F Henderson. Rorebeck, Minnie to W C Gunn. Rayhill, Jacob to J os 'Hodgin . . . Ruhl, Frank to Wm Simmons.. Scott. A If to J W Squire Squire, Jno W to S A Beason. . . Squire, J W to H Martenson Squire, J W to Chas Sandell... . Stults, Geo to J A Iddings Squire, J W toSoren Monek Squire, J W to S W Shirley Smallwood, D P to Fred Kaempf. Squire, J W to Chas Sandel.... Tritt, J D to Linn Derr Taylor, Nancy J to F B and J E Strickler Taylor, Green B to Chas E Metz Vogel, Ed to Benj Wood W H and J M Weightman to O D Batman Williams.Homer to D M Martin. Yount, Chas H to J E Chuning. Zachary, Frank to G L Hayes. .. 8,000 5.600 9,600 6,800 6,975 6,000 5,000 9.500 50 0 8,775 8500 15.000 6,000 6,000 9.000 6122 16,695 36.500 5.0-.H) 11.375 6,000 5.700 5,350 6.000 9.600 12.8G0 13.(K)0 13,360 6400 7,154 10.400 5,200 13.860 8,100 11,000 5.400 5,000 13300 7.600 5,000 10,400 A SAD HONEYMOON. Burlington Freight Brakeman Killed , and Body is Terribly Mangled. With the top of his head torn away, the face cut and mangled beyond recog nition, both arms severed above the el bows by the wheels of a Burlington paa senger train at Nodaway, Wednesday morning, January 25, 1905, the body of E. T. Parkinson, a Burlington freight man, was taken to a St. Joseph under taking room and prepared for burial. Parkison is said to have crossed the main track in front of the passenger train to get to his freight train, which was siding at Nodaway. His body and lower limbs were not mangled. There is a pathetic sadness in the death of this young man, and fate seems to have been against him. On Novem ber 14th, 1904, while unloading freight at Mound City, Parkinson had one of his feet badly mashed by a barrel of liquor falling upon it, and while he bore his suffering bravely, he felt more keen ly the injury because the accident would necessarily postpone his wedding day, which on account of previous accideols bad been thrice postponed. But with the coming holiday season he had so far recovered thath s marriage was consum mated during the Christmas week, and now the Christmas bride is to day a b'oken hearted widow. He had just be gun house keeping in St. Joseph, and was greatly esteemed by his fellow work men. . A Successful Flying Machine. After years of unsuccessful efforts by some of the world's greatest scientists, it appears that the Wright Brothers, of Dayton, O., have solved the problem of the flying machine. Accounts of a suc cessful test made by them appeared in the papers last summer, and it seems that they are making rapid strides to ward perfecting their invention. We quote the following from a letter from their father, Bishop Milton Wright, of Dayton, to his niece, Mrs Frank Petree. "Wilbur, on November 9th, celebrated Roosevelt's election by a flight of nearly three miles, in five minutes, and Orville did the same December 1st. I was there. They are improving their engine and will put the experience of 1904 into a new machine by April." The boys are not using the balloon, but are making a real flying machine, one that supports itself in the air with out any support from a gas bag. They deserve all the more credit for their work, since tbey are doing it entirely unaided. They own and operate a bi cycle factory and their studies and ex periment in aerial navigation have been conducted at odd times as a recreation. On account of the sickness of E. A. Brown, of Bigelow, the commissioners of Drainage District, No. 1, met at Bigelow, Friday, Jan. 27, 1905, and re elected W. F. Vance, Drain Cci mis sioned Mr. Vance will have superin tendence of the entire drainage work. AT THE STATE CAPITAL. What Is Being Done at Jefferson. City by Our Legislature. Editors Sentinel: We can hardly have anything of interest to write home because the metropolitan papers tell more than we ourselves know about what is going on here. Monday was rather a busy day in the House. The two bills which occupied most time today was the Audobon So ciety's bill, to protect the birds and game. This bill was prepared by the combined interests of horticulture, agri culture, sportsmen, humane societies and Audobon societies. It protects the game birds and tish from slaughter, and creates a state game and fish warden at a salary of 82,000 per year. It went to engrossment in the House Monday of this week. Another bill which caused much dis cu-sion was that prohibi ing baseball and football 00 Sunday. The representa tives of the mining districts and the cities pleaded for their population to get a breath of fresh air at a Sunday base ball game. There was, on the other hand, some serious charges, of the seri ously demoralizing effect of Sunday baseball upon the youth of both sexes in this state. This bill also W9nt to en grossment by a snull majority. The House bill providing for county superintendents instead of county com missioners passed the House a few days ago. House bill 00 cumpulsory education came up Monday afternoon, and after some sharp speeches it was made a spe cial order of business for Tuesday. Th usual hour for assembling is 10 o'clock. The main objection urged against it waa that, if this bill should become a law, the state would have to furnish text books for children attending private or parochial schools. The bill provides that children between. tbe ages of 8 and 14 years shall be compelled to attend somo public, private or parochial day school not less tbao three-fourths of ths entire time said school, is in session, and providrs for truant officers in cities. Many petitions have fcasc received and rend before the legislature asking for the passage of this sill. The b.il will probably be engrossed, by a vote of ths House. There are now introduced in th House abost 4f5 bills, : The vote for United States senator is taken every day. at. noon.-. .The senators file into the House .two.by.two and sit on extra chairs provided for them. There were many paired Monday : and the vote was therefore light. There seems, a yet, no sign of a break in tbe deadlock and no solution has been offered. All that so desire .will go over to Columbia Saturday. A special train on the M., 4T. railway, which is said to cost the citizeos of Columbia $800, takes the legislators over there in the morning and brings them back at night. Mr. Lemon, of Nodaway, received a telegram one day last week that his mother was dead, and he immediately went to the funeral in Illinois. Our Senator, T. J. Warnall, has been tick and at home for several days. He just returned tonight. He is not well yet scarcely able to be up. The thirteenth ballot for United States senator was had on Wednesday, resulting as follows: Niedringhaus, 72; Cockrell, 78; Kerens, 12; Pettijohn, 2; Finklenburg, 1; Gilmore, 1. Necessary for a choice, 84. So far as I know, the most of the Platte Purchase representation here are well. Yours very truly, Harry M. Dungan. Jefferson City, January 3 J, 1905 The coal man smiles the thermom eter touched 23 below zero, Thursday morning, of this week, February 2, 1905 This is the fourth time the register has touched the 23 mark, the other dates being Feb. 3, 1856; Dec. 31, 1863; and Jan. 1,1864. The coldest ever expe rienced here was on January 18, 1857, the needle touching 30 degrees below zero. Mr. Ground Hog made his ap pearance on the 2d and seeing his shadow.retired to his abiding place.after an extended conference with Bob. Ru ley and John Keeves, entering into an agreement with them to let them have six more weeks in which to sell coal. George Adolph, and he is strictly reliable, too, reports seeing a genuine robbin, one day, this week, and that the little fellow was just as lively and full of song as when they make their first appearance in the spring. We hope that this bird's appearance this early will prove a sure harbinger of spring and that spring will come soon and stay with us forever. The Christian Endeavors, of the Christian church, will observe "Endeav or Day" next Sunday evening, at 7:30 o'clock. The offering is for foreign mis sions. See the program in another col umn of this paper.