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y Late Histor.
-MA, 4 42ND YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1906. NUMBER 29 &2T T piillltlil By a Close Margin. The work of casting up the returns of the recent election has been completed by the governor and secretary of state, and the returns show that Woodson, Democrat, was successful over John Kennish, Republican, by the close mar gin of 9,004, while Gass, the Democratic candidate for superintendent of schools, wins by 8,862. The days of 40 to 50 thousand plurality for Democracy in Missouri seems to be a thing of the past, and Missouri will now go into the doubtful column by the political esti mators. The following are the official figures in this congressional district for judge of the supreme court, long term, , and for state superintendent of school, j the vote for the latter may be regarded j as being nearest the relative strength ! of the two parties in the state: SUPREME JUDGE. Kennish. Woodson. Andrew 2,027 1,735 Atchison 1.558 1,617 Buchanan 7,035 8,406 Holt 2,141 1,201 Nodaway 3,432 3,440 Platte 734 2,480 Total 16,927 18,879 Woodson's plurality in district, 1,951. Total state vote, Woodson, Dem. 292,421 Total state vote, Kennish, Rep. . 283,417 Woodson's plurality 9,004 SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS. White. Gass. Andrew 2,049 1,742 Atchison 1.545 1,626 Buchanan 7,262 8,342 Holt 2,058 1,295 Nodaway 3,422 3,454 Platte 741 2,491 Totals 17,077 18,950 Gass' plurality in district, 1,873. Total state vote, Gass, Dem 292,481 Total state ote, White, Rep . . . 283,819 Gass' plurality 8,662 The following iB the vote on congress man in this district, as cast up by the secretary of state: Booher Fulkerson Andrew 1,912 1,874 Atchison 1.628 1,579 Buchanan 7,790 7,804 Holt 1.332 2,033 Nodaway 2,462 2,418 Platte 2,480 750 Totals 17,604 16,458 Booher's plurality is 1,146 and his majority 939. There were 207 votes cast for Moser, socialist. The total vote in the district for these and congressman was: Kennish, Rep., supreme judge 16,991 White, Rep., sup't. of schools 17,077 Fulkerson, Rep. for congress 16,458 Woodson, Dem. supreme judge. . .18,99" Gass, Dem. sup't. of schools 18.950 Booher, Dem. for congress 17,604 It will be seen from these figures that Mr. Booher ran 1,146 behind his party vote, while Mr. Fulkerson received 533 less than his party vote, and Mr. Ken nish lost 86 votes as compared with the vote cast for J . U. White. The total socialist vote in the state waB 11,527 and the prohibition vote was 572. In 1904 the socialist vqte was 13,009 and the prohibition vote, 7,191. The Prospects for Revision. The result of the congressional elec tions are not in themselves capable of interpretation as favorable to immediate tariff revision. Nevertheless there are some significant details of the results which the standpatters will pay heed to. Congressman Lacey, of Iowa, and Mc Gleary, of Minnesota, both outspoken against revision, were among the fallen. The majorities of Representatives Payne, of New York, Dalzell, of Pennsplvania, and Hepburn, of Iowa, were reduced. The defeat of Wadsworth, of Now York, and Babcock, of Wisconsin, cannot be laid to their tariff views, though some of the hostility to them may have had this origin. Babcock, moreover, was not so hidebound in his insistance on maintenance of the present schedules as the others mentioned. Of the twelve Republican members of the House Ways and MeanB committee, three, all of them strong stand gpaiters, will be among the missing in the next congress. They are McCleary, Babcock and Grosvenor, the last of whom failed to secure re nomination. Of course, Speaker Cannon can replace them if he wishes, with men of the same extreme views, but hardly by men of the same influence. The chairman of the com mittee is Representative Payne, and his reduced majority may somewhat affect hiB manner of thought. Under the circumstances, Senator Cullom's announcement that he favors the calling of a special session in March, next for a general revision of the tariff, or what is likely, the introduction of a resolution as soon as congress convenes, for the appointment of a non-partisan tariff commission to consider the schedules without reference to politics, has considerable significance. It is de clared the Illinois senator has no sym pathy withthe fetich of those high pro tectionists who claim that it is danger ous to disturb a few schedules lest the whole structure should topple. He be lieves that the tariff should be regulated entirely with reference to business needs and conditions. He will doubt less set a good many of his colleagues to thinking on the subject. Much will, of course, depend on Presi dent Roosevelt's attitude, and that we may reasonably expect, will be made definite in his message at the opening of the coming session. There were 11 divorces granted by our circuit court during the year 1906. Fined 82,400 for selling liquor under the guise of conducting a restaurant business was the sentence which J. W. Blakely, of Barnard, heard pronounced against himself by Judge W. C. Ellison of the Nodaway county circuit court Tuesday morning of last week. Blakely was informed, after being made ac quainted with the order of the court, that if he would agree to permanently quit the business in that county he would be permitted to pay $200 of the fine, the remainder being suspended during his compliance with tbe terms of the parole. This condition waa accepted by the de fendant, and he immediately set shout arranging for the satisfying of the court's judgment. PROBATE COURT MATTERS. Judge Alkire Holds a Very Busy Term of Probate Court Many Settlements Made in Var ious Estates. The probate court, since our last re port, and during the second week of its November term, transacted the follow ing business: W. S. Thompson, of Craig, was ap pointed administrator of the estate of Ivan L. Mace, deceased, and gave bond as such in the sum of 32,000. This es tate consists of a set of barber tools', etc., in Craig, and an insurance policy. The deceased left no descendants and only one brother, and all his estate will, it is supposed, be liable to pay a collateral tax of 5 per cent thereof to the Stite University. Mrs. Sadie Nixon made her first an nual settlement of the estate of her late husband, Alexander Nixon, showing nothing loft in her hands as such ad ministratrix; the household goods and her other allowances as widow, having been by the court set off to her, and she having not yet collected the life in surance carried by the deceased. The sum of S100 deposited by Henry Scheele with Albert Smith, deceased, 'to insure to said Smith, as collector, the payment of certain ditch taxes still in litigation, was ordered paid over by said Smith's administrator to the pres ent collector, to be still held for the purposes for which it was deposited. Henry Rostock, as guardian of Philip Rostock, files inventory of said estate and reports said ward to now be dead. Settlement ordered by guardian as pro vided by law. Rev. J. T. McDonald, of St. Joseph, makes application for the appointment by the court of the society which he represents, to-wit: "The Children's Home Society, of Missouri," as guar dian of a small girl named Frances M. Albright, of near Forbes, and the court finding that child's father has long ago abandoned it and its mother and that the mother and grandparents of said child are willing for said society to be come said child's guardian, it is ordered. Joseph Hatfield filed his 5th annual settlement of the estates of his minor children, showing a balance in his hands due them of $419.58 and that all this is loaned out real estate security. $02 was appropriated to pay for needed repairs on store building in Maitland belonging to wards. Mrs. Cora D. Colwell, by VT. E. Stubbs, her attorney, filed settlement of her children's estates, showing $1,000 cash on hand unloaned for want of an opportunity to loan the same. Also said Cora D. Colwell, by said attorney, filed her 1st annual settlement of her deceased husband's estate, as adminis tratrix thereof, in which there were numerous demands showct paid without same having been probated. These were disallowed, and the settlement then approved. The sum of $400 was appropriated from Lewis Shutts' estate for support and maintenance of his widow and her family for the first 12 months from said deceased's death (as provided by law), her household goodsjand 9400 under the provisions of section 107 of Revised Statutes having already beeaj paid to her. Also $350 was appropriated from said estate to pay for aflmonument at said deceased's grave; $103 50. to T. W. Burke & Co.. for burial casket .and $40 to cemetery company for burial lot were allowed as funeral exenseB without be ing probated as provided in. section 223 R. S., 1899. Leroy Shutts, administra tor, by W. E. Stubbs, his attorney, then made settlement of said estate (1st an nual) from which certain disbursements were disallowed, after which same show ing a balance due of $4,789, w ap: proved and ordered of record. Lincoln A. Hunt, executor of the will of Peter Riley, made his 1st annual set tlement of said estate, showing balance due estate of $10,574.90. Caroline and Andy Haer, executrix and executor respectively, of the will of George Haer, deceased, by W. H. Rich ards, their attorney, made their 1st an nual settlement of said estate, showing balance due estate of $51,052. George W. Poynter and Frank Walk er, executors ofJEdward A. Brown, de ceased, (Frank Walker in person and by W. H. Richards, attorney), made their 1st annual settlement of said estate, showing balance due estate of $239 84, Dell Austin, guardian of George W. Thayer, a minor, (by W. H. Richards, attorney,) made his 1st annual settle ment of said estate, showing balance due estate of $514 98, of which the sum of $378 were shown .to be loaned on good real estate security. Mrs. Sarah J. Moore, as administra trix of the estate of Thomas B. Moore: deceased, was ordered to sell the ne 34 of the nw of section 7, township 61, of range 38, at public sale at the north front door of the court house, to pay the balance of the debts due from sa'd estate. W. H. Richards, as executor of Rob ert Patterson's will, filed sale bill of the personal property of said estate, which was approved. Mrs. Etna Hogrefe in person and by T. C. and Harry Duncan, her, attorneys, made her 1st annual settlement of said estate, showing balance due estate of $738.52. Elias Smith Hester, executor of the will of Bethana Hester, deceased, hav ing failed to settle said estate his settle ment is continued and notice ordered issued to him. W T. Crews, as administrator of the estate of Matthew Brady, deceased, made his 1st annual settlement of said estate, showing balance due estate of $443.37. James C. Wilson, as administrator of the estate of David M. Wilson, deceased, by W. E. Stubbs, his attorney, filed pe tition to sell the deceased's real estate to pay his debts. Publication was or dered, and also personal notice to all the resident heirs of deceased, as pro vided by law. Jonas C. Whitmer, ns administrator of Samuel H. Whitmer's estate, made final settlement, showing a bulaoce in his hands due said estate of $113.48, which sum was ordered distributed as follows: One-third to himself, one third to his mother, Maria Whitmer, (she having elected to take a child's part of said estate) and one-third to the heirs of Alfred H. Whitmer, de ceased SHid heirs being now in Texas. (No part thereof was ordered distrib uted to E. H. Whitmer, a son of de ceased, now in Washington, he having assigned out all his interest in the es tate to said others). M. D. Walker, public administrator and, ex-officio public guardian, in person and by Frank Petree, his attorney, filed petition for an order of sale of the life estate of Mrs. E. F. Adams, of unsound mind, in lots 16 and 17 in block 23 in Forest City, and after hearing and con sidering the condition of said property and said ward's affairs, said order of sale was made. A demand in favor of Jacob Bucher, in the sum of $17.72, balance due on a promisory note against the Abraham Fletcher estate, was allowed. A demand in favor of Mrs. Edith B. Hinde, in the sum of $667.23, founded on a promisory note against the Frank Zachary estate, was allowed. The Waste of Apples. The apple crop of this bully good country of ours this year is estimated at I 36,120,000 barrels, which is 12,625 bar rels larger than the 1905 crop. Where two apples were available, to delight the apple lover last year, there are three now. Rather there should be three, but so great has been the waste of apples which could not find markets that the consumer will not be able to benefit in anything like the proportion he should. Early in the season, when the fall apples began to ripen, the woe of the man with the big orchard was pitiable. He would see his trees breaking down under the weight of fruit and know that even if he hauled the apples several miles to a market town he could not get much better than 20 cents a bushel for them, with a possibility that the local dealers would refuse to take them at any price. The hogs were the main beneficaries of the crop. When the winter apples ripened the situation was no better. Consumers in the cities have benefited despite the waste by being able to get poorer grades of apples at very low prices, but Btrange to say, the better grades have sold at retail for almost as high prices as they have brought in recent years of short crops. The quality of the apples is a little better and the price a little lower but the improvement in both factors combined does not begin to equal what would be expected from the huge pro duction. The causes of the waste have been the high freight rates and a car service which is not adequate for the emerg ency. Without the cold storage ware houses and the development of fruit transportation lines, the situation would be worse than it is and the country would have even less benefit from the bounty of nature. The problem of or ganization to enable the country to get the best use of its resources is an enormous one and will remain such so long as the population continues to grow. It is one in which every citizen has an interest. To make two apples grow where one grew before is hardly more important than to make two apples when once they are grown, reach the mouths which want them. Peter Hatfield and Mrs. Mark Price, of Amazonia, were arrested at Maitland on November 16th, on the charge of hav ing stolen a team from an Amazonia liv ery barn. Both parties were taken back to Andrew county for investigation. Not Yet Bankrupt. The population of Holt county i3 about 17,000. A study of the financial statements of the 13 banking institu tions of the county published in the var ous papers of our county, show that in thesr. institutions thre wore on deposit on the 12th instant, a sum equal to $S5 for every man, woman and child within our county. The banks of our county show by their statements that there are not excelled in some particulars any where. In solidity and the able manner in which their business is conducted they have an enviable reputation. With ample capital, $226,000 in the aggregate, and a good patronage, loans and dis counts amounting to $1,132,256, they are synonyms of strength, while the able yet conservative way in which they do busi ness insures perpetual growth and abso lute safety. It has been 40 years since Levi Zook and James Scott opened the first bank in our county, and during all those years not a single bank failure has occurred. May 7, 1889, the cashier of the bank at Forest City was held up, and a small amount of cash was secured. May 19, I89li,the Farmers' bank at Maitland was robbed; October 22. 1895, the Vault of the Citizens' bank m.thn city was blown, but no valuable property was secured. James Gray was arrested for doing the Maitland bank job, was given five years at tbe April, 1896, term of our court. While on his way to the penitentiary he made his escape at Kansas City, but was afterwards captured. Since the last previous statements made in July last, a new bank has come into existence the Bank of Forbes, which opended for business, November 7th, 1906, with W. II. Richards as presi dent, and James A. Williams as cashier, and its first statement under the call of the secretary of state appeared last week, which showed its deposits to have been $6,018, a very creditable two weeks' business. Our banking institutions have been a potent factor in our county's upbuilding and they can be depended on to meet the requirements of further advance ment. In these days when every farmer is a competent business man as well, the need for banks has become imperative especially when it must be remembered that 55 per cent of the deposits belongs to the farmeis; 60 per cent of depositors are farmers and 60 per cent of all farm ers are depositors, and 60 per cent of our population are farmers. Hence our bank customers are substantial and their business makes a natural and Ja steady growth. The statements published in July last show the aggregate deposits to have been $1,283,390, and those pub lished last week, said the deposits amounted to $1,455,472, an increase of $172,082 in the four months. Another highly satisfactory condition of our banks is in the fact that while our statutes requires our banks to have 15 per cent of the deposits in cash and exchange, the recent statements show they have over 30 per cent of this re quirement. The statements as to deposits show the following amounts in our various Nov., 1906. July, 1906. Zjok &Roecker...$ 206,537 $ 183,764 Citizens 101,089 103,774 Forest City 110.424 102,724 Exchange Md City 70,516 68,010 Bank of Md City.. 114,047 103,791 Holt County Bank MdCity 153,443 131.558 Farmers' Maitland 245,286 240,741 Peoples' Maitland. 114.294 89,402 Heaton Craig 192,321 149,024 Farmers & Merch. Craig 38,041 27,526 People8'.Corning.. 55,049 44,415 Bigelow 48,407 38,661 Forbes 6,018 00,000 Total $1,455,472 $1,283,390 A condensed statement of the com bined resources and liabilities of these institutions ought to be of interest to every one who has an interest as deposi tor in any of our banks: RESOURCES. Loans and discounts $1,132,256 98 Overdrafts 12,299 78 Real estate, fixtures, etc... 44,829 39 Due from other banks 531,795 66 Cash 55,356 97 Miscellaneous items 1,161 30 Total resoujees $1,777,700 08 LIABILITIES. Capital stock $ 220,000 00 Surplus 53,450 00 Undivided profits 41,909 47 Deposits 1,455,472 56 Due other banks 867 25 Miscellaneous items 80 Total $1,777,700 08 Governor Folk has appointed Mrs. James Watson, widow of James Watson, who for many years published the Dear born Democrat, coal oil inspector for Platte County. Mrs. Watson has been editing and managing The Democrat since her husband's death. It is a most deserved appointment. Orientals in Our Schools. Shall a state government be set aside, in behalf of foreigners, by national treaty? This is the question involved in the school situation in San Francisco, where Orientals have been refused in struction in the same institutions with white children.. To the discussion of this subject, which will probably cause warm words in congress, William Trickett, dean of the Dickinsou School of Law in Penn sylvania, contributes the reminder that the supreme court of the United States has held that a state law can be dis placed by treaty. This decision was in effect that aliens can be capacitated by treaty to iuherit land in a state that has a law against such inhertance. In San Francisco the Japanese crowd ed into the schools, eager for a western education not only the small children of Japanese parents, but young men themselves who had come from Japan. These sought principally a mastery of the English language, and well grown youths would enter the lower grades. It was the association between them and the younger white children that stirred the ire of the white parents. There is a racial prejudice against the Japanese in California, and wherever else they come in large numbers, on eco nomic grounds. This could easily com bine with the school antagonism of the native parents of white children and stimulate the agitation for an exclusion law, as in the case of the Chinese. As a matter of fact, the "excluded" and "segregated" Japanese were not children at all, but men 20 to 30 years old who wished to learn the English language at no cost to themselves, and who therefore aimed to have the tax payers of San Fraucisco bear the ex pense of teaching them. The people of San Francisco have been talking rather loudly through their newspapers about what they will and will cot do in the matter. Such talk is childish. San Francisco and California and their people are in the United States and subject to the national government. Their objection to paying for the educa tion of adult aliens, to having their chil dren crowded out of school by those aliens or forced into an association with them in school, which often is morally undesirable, is too well founded to need re-enforcement by any sort of threats. Right is undeniablv on the side of the San Franciscans. That adults should be taught at public expense is no prin ciple of the American public school sys tem. Where provision is made for the teaching of adult illiterates, it is done either as an act of public grace or by private benevolence. Furthermore, it is always an act of grace to admit a non resident or transient to the public schools at all. When admitted, the rule is that he must pay for the teaching, having no right to the benefits of the sschools supported by a community to whose support he does not contribute. These are established principles. Now, if Japan will consider her treaty rights satisfied by the providing of sep arate and efficient schools for the Ori entals, such as the San Francisco edu cation board proposed a year or two ago, there will be a great lessening of the strain on the friendship between Wash ington and Tokio. If she demand more, il is hard to see how she can get it, even though the treaty be the law of the land. The plain truth is that "the little Jap" has let his head grow so large that he is becoming a nuisance. Unless the Jap anese people and their government re cover their sense of proportion and dis cover that they are not really the big gest things on earth, it will become the painful duty of some first class power or powers to bring them back to common sense and fact. Greed! Greed! Greed. The greed of men for money some times passes all bounds. It is alleged that a million dollars of the San Fran cisco relief fund was stolen and sus picion is directed toward Mayor Schniitz, the one man of al) those in the stricken city who should have been above reproach. The fact that Presi dent Roosevelt has taken an active in terest in the investigation, bodes no good for the guilty. It is to be sincere ly hoped that the matter will be probed to the very bottom and nut a single per son who laid dishonest hands on the money, given to aid the sick and home less, will escape. In fact, the severest laws are altogether inadequate to pun ish sufficiently this sort of crime. When all the world stood aghast at the ap palling calamity in San Francisco, and every city willingly gave unstintedly, the crime of men who betrayed the sufferers puts them beyond mercy. The grafts that happened afterwards were bad enough, but that the men whom the citizens had placed in positions of trust should have begun to steal even while the conflagration was still sweep ing the streets and while the city was proitrate is almost beyond belief.