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43RD YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, AUGUST 9, 1907. NUMBER 13 190T A.U G U ST 1907 mwm 1 Hit Hard. Judge Landis, in the United States' District Court of Chicago, on Saturday last, imposed a fine upon the Standard Oil Company of S29.240.C00. the maxi mum amount upon each one of the 1.462 counts of the indictment on which that company was recently convicted of re bating. The fine is the largest ever assessed against any individuals or any corporation in the history of the Ameri can criminal jurisprudence, and is slightly more than 131 times as great as the amount received by the company through its rebating operations. The judge, in fact, declared in his 1 1 II ' IB ' It 1 22 J 23 t-24 : opinion that the officials of the Standard South, which recall the sweeping vic Oil Company who were responsible for tories it gained in the New England the practices for which the corporation and the old middle states half a century was found guilty were no better than counterfeiters and thieves, his exact language being: "We may as well look at this situation squarely. The men who thus deliberately violate this law, wrong'scciety more deeply than does he who counterfeits 1 South. Maryland, the two Virginias, the coin, or steals letters from the mail. ' Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisi The sum assessed is more than twice ana, Texas, Arkansas, Kentucky, Ten the sum involved in the Louisiana Pur- J nessee, and other Southern states are chase. It is more than the cost of the ; "dry" in large part, or soon will bo. In Philippines to the United States. It J most of those states prohibition works measures up with a "nation's ransom." i through county exclusion, and in many To be yet more explicit it is so vast as to of the states most of the counties have offset the income of John D. Rockefeller j declared fot it. for more than two years. True, this WThen Burchard called the Democracy fine has not vet been paid. Before the flovernment begins to"spend thi money" it must reckon with the power of appeal to higher courts and the like. Judge Landis expressed regret that the law failed to provide more serious punishment than a fine, but insisted that the penalty should be sufficiently large to act as a detriment, and not of such a size as to encourage the defen dant to persist in listlessness. In closing his decision, he ordered a call to be is sued for a special grand jury which is to consider the other party to the rebating operations of which the Standard Com pany was found guilty, and it is there fore probable that within a short time proceedings will begin against the Chi cago & Alton railroad company for the alleged commission of similar offenses. Under the seven indictmentsstill pend ing against the Standard Oil Company, an additional fine amounting to o8S,44U,- j worked in many crudities, if the dis 000 may be levied against the company, patches are correct. The most radical if it is found guilty on trial. There are i clauses have been modified, and there is . - . . , , , , , little doubt that the voters will ratify in the seven indictments a total of 4,422 , the actjon Qf tfae CODBtitutional conven- counts, and the maximum fine in each j ionm count would be 320.000. gul that does not mean that the con The Tax Books. County Clerk Zeller has completed the compilation of the tax books for 1907 taxes, and the same has been certified to the State Auditor. The aggregate amount of taxes is 873,539.40, not in cluding the railroads and merchants' taxes, which are not made up until later. The items certified to the State Auditor are: Lands and town lots; State 8 7.S56.71 ' Total $73,539.46 Ofi.. hazyAuusfc days of maze, i Yourrnobd uponmyepiritrplays- f long 10 Da&K.wfj uramy dqox.. Georgia to be Dry. The Harriman-Cuvingtun prohibition bill passed both houses of the Georgia legislature lst week. The bill prohibits the manu acture, or keeping on hand.or any place of business, from giving away, or selling within the state of any liquor that may produce intoxication. The law becomes effective January 1, 190S. Whiskey drinking has only five months more to deport itself in the Empire State of the South, and it is safe to assume that in Atlanta, Savannah and the other large t'wns of the state it will make the most of its opportunity. Prohibition is making conquests in the ago ana earner, xne "iuaine law &' march through Georgia has been a con tinued ovation, A large majority of the community is on its side. Through local option or state exclusion intoxicants are being shutout of a large part of the the party of "hum, Komanism and Ke- bellion," he did not dream that in less than a quarter of a century rum would, theoretically, or actually, be driven out of the greater part of the Democratic region. While Maine, Kansas and North Dakota are making a spurt in the en forcement of prohibition, twice as manj Southern states have put a ban on the whiskey traffic, throughout all or most of their territory. Oklahoma's Campaign. This is an interesting summer for the people of Oklahoma and Indian Terri tory. On the 17 th of September they will vote on the adoption of the consti tution which will make a state of these territories. On the same day they will elect state officers and members of con gress. The probabilities are the people will adopt the proposed constitution. It is, perhaps, not a model document. Some I 't f Vi n man nrnmlnant in fpominrr ?f prominent in framing stitution will stand and that a state gov ernment will be inaugurated. President Roosevelt will have the final word. Af- ter the constitution is adopted it will go to the President for his approval. He will examine it carefully. In this work be will ne aavisea oy tue attorney gen eral. If he thinks the document will give tue people ot tne state tne proper government, he will approve it. If he does not think so he will disapprove it. ' and another constitution will have to be formed. There are demagogues in the proposed County 4,G6 0v j ejr impress upon the newly made con Personal State 3.433.33 stitution. However, the document will County 19,579. 13 'probably stand all the tests, and the new state will shortly begin its career as a member of the union. Going to Waste. What a pity it is that the people of the country have to put up with just any old excuse that the railroads see fit to offer for their delinquencies. LHSt winter hundreds of towns throughout the northwest suffered for want of fuel to keep even the households and school children warm, but the railroads said with a wail: "We have no cars to spare." Now the fruit raisers of Ar kansas are seeing their peaches, thous ands of crates, rot and spoil because the railroads can't furnish the necessary cars. Northern people need this fruit badly, theirs having been killed by the backward spring, but they can't get it. The industrious and deserving men who grew this fruit are worse off than they would be if they were not the own ers of orchards. They lose the use of their laud, the labor of planting, culti vating, packing, crating and hauling to the station, and then helplessly stand by and witness the wreck ol! their worthy business enterprise. What have supply and demand to do with such conditions? Why, none whatever. The supply is ready and the demand lively, but a link between them is fatally broken. Last fall, right here at home, we had pretty nearly the same conditions. More than one fruit grower in Holt county knows to what we refer. We had here a splendid crop last year, of both peaches and apples; but what did they amount to? We have heard men with splendid orchards say, that, they would have done better to have cut away their orchards, and we have heard of a few who hae made this good, and planted the ground to corn. The prices offered in many cases were too low to be worth accepting, and some of those who sell at at the ridiculously low prices offered found later, to their sorrow, that buyer's contract, printed in advance of course for the occasion, had a small clause therein which permitted the buyer to cull the fruit, until the farmer had almost nothing left but culls. Consumers throughout the East and Nurth, and in Europe, would have paid handsomely for the fruit, if they could have gotten it, but the intei mediate buyers worked a system that deprived the orchardists of a living compensation for their product and deprived the waiting consumers of nature's abund ance. A few months later, apples were quoted at 812 per barrel. Cannot our fruit growers in some way, protect themselves against such treatment as this? Suggestions are in order. Betrayal of Confidence. Prank Waller, clerk of the municipal district and juvenile courts, of Milwau kee, was faithful to his trust for 12 years. He was one of the most popular men in that city and had no difficulty in being elected term after term. But six years ago the tempter came. Waller wanted to get rich in a hurry. The ease with which money could be made in the stock market was explained to him by a man who had been in the business. It all seemed so simple and certain, that this official, grown gray in the service of the city, agreed to play the game. Being short of capital, he borrowed from a municipal fund of which he was the guardian. It was only for a few days. He would make a turn, replace the money and would thereafter have ample means to carry on other deals. But, as it nearly always happens in such cases, the market refused to go Waller's way and he was face to face with a shortage. That was the begin ning six years ago. Meanwhile he had been chosen to another term and was still watching for an opportunity to re coup and save his honor, when some suspicious individul started an investiga tion. Now Waller is a confessed embez zler for an amount that mayapproximate 823.0C0. But the loss of the money will not cripple the city, or drive it into bankruptcy. The real loss falls on Wal ler and his friends and on society. Wal ler's reputation is gone forever, his friends are crushed with grief, and so ciety that has smiled on him through all these years has grown cynical in the knowledge of his crime. We lose faith in human nature where our friends and acquaintances abuse our confidence, and the loss is irreparable. Overworked Penitence. The result of the Haywood trial proves the futility of attempting to convict men on evidence supplied by the confessions of characters like Harry Orchard. There is such a thing as a repentance for crime which forces a public confession of guilt, and such confessions have been utilized in bringing criminals to justice. But a confession which bears the brand of a boastful pride in a degenerate life, and glories in its bloody deeds, will not be accepted as sufficient evidence to justify a legal sacrifice of another life. Not the least of the causes to which Haywood owes his acquittal is the fact that Harry Orchard overstepped the limit in his "confession." His "peni tence" was overworked by the state's attorneys. Are Making Good. A writer not many months ago in an Eastern paper advised the bojs of the country and small towns to stay away from the cities, and that they are far better off in rural communities than by tempting fortune in the more congested centers of population. It is the same old sermon, preached in the same old way. The Sentinel does not believe it to be true. If the writer would only circulate among the successful business and professional men of many of our larger cities there is little doubt he will find a large per cent of them came from the farm and village. They entered into competion with the city boys and car ried off their full share of the honors. Other boys from the rural districts are doing the same today. Last week we spoke of the success of three of Holt county's sons who had gone from the rural home to the city to compete with the city bred lad. This week we men tion another brace of brothers. Clay town?hip, Holt county, Missouri, has produced a youug man who, at 30 years of age is superintendent of the power stations of the largest street rail way system west of the Mississippi river, and second to few in the East. His r-.ame is Edwin D. Smith- He was raised on a farm, six miles southwest of Maitland, and received his early educ; -tion in the district school, and taught one term in the Rising Sun district, Entering the State University at Co lumbia in the fall of 18U7 he graduated from the Electrical Engineering De partment in the spring of 1901. During the fall of 1S93 Mr. Smith entered the Cuban war service as a member of Com pany I, 5th Missouri volunteers. After receiving hi3 degree at the uni versity he went to St. Louis and entered the employ of the United Street Rail ways company as a laborer, and as this was not hi3 chosen work he began to climb. By hard work and close atten tion to his duties he has forced his way up to the position he now holds, which in every way suits him better. The capacity of the power stations of the United Railway company is 60,000 horse power, and the machinery must be kept in continuous operation, as the street cars of a great city like St. Louis must be kept moving at all costs. To have the street railway traffic tied up for five minutes involves the loss of thousands of dollars. In order to keep abreast with the iatest power station practice, Mr. Smith was recently sent by his employers on an extended trip throughout the East to visit the important plants and note the latest appliances and practice. He is a member of the St. Louis "Engi neer's Club," -"The St. Louis Railway Club," and "The American Street Rail way Association." Without wishing to detract in any way from what has been said above, it may be said that Edwin D. Smith owes a goodly measure of his success to his fortunate "selection of parents," and later of a helpmeet. His father is Wil liam H. Smith, one of Clay township's very best citizens and successful farm ers, residing in the Franklin district. In December, 1902, he married Miss Lillian Copeland, one of Maitland's best girls. They have one child, a daughter, and reside at 4163 Russell Avenue, St. Louis. Homer K. Smith.the younger brother, is doing well in St. Louis also. After completing the work at the Maitland High school, he entered the Stnte Uni versity and was graduated from the Electrical Engineering School in the spring of 1906, and while only a short time out of school, his rise has been ra pid and his future seems bright. He is now assistant to the superintendent of wire, of one of the largest electrical com panies in St. Louis. In the state of Missouri there are less than 14 acres of land to each human being within the border of the state. This fact accounts for the rapid increase in the value of land throughout the state, wherever the land may be located. The man who own3 a farm today and keeps it free from mortgage and in culti vation is an independent citizen, safer in finance than the richest man in the world who indulges in speculation. The boy who inherits a small farm and lives upon that farm or cultivates it is a more independent citizen than he who inherits 810,000 and loses inherited fortune be cause of the greed for gold that leads to speculation. Everybody, both old and young,were glad to greet Clarence Moulter, of St. Joseph, who for the first time came back, since his departure from among us, three years ago. We were glad to see him looking so well, and to hear of his "doing well." He is now a member of the Burlington's secret force, and as we have known him from his boyhood, we feel safe in saying that we believe he will "moke good" all along the line. John Farris, of Independence, Mo., is here visiting with his sister , Mrs Stewart Keeves. July Weather. July is usually a stormy month and the month of 1907 has been no excep tion. Hail, wind and rain storms have characterized the month just past. Tornado and electrical storms have been noted at various points throughout the country as well as at home, besides it snowed in Wyoming, snow falling on the mountain crest for several inches. During the month the Missouri river was at the danger point in our county, and overflowed at many points below St. Joseph, at Kansas City, Jefferson City, Boonville and other points. On the night of the 14th the entire western portion of our state was drench ed with a terrific rain storm, and as sumed the shape of cloud bursts in many sections. In Holt county six inches fell at Craig, seven inches at Mound City and Maitland. Craig was partly under water from the Tarkios overflow, and the entire south portion of Mound City was under water from the overflow of Davis creek; the railroad track was washed away, both here and above Maitland, causing the abandon ment of the Villisca train from Bigelow to Clearmont from Monday 15th till Friday 19th. Heavy rain followed by a cyclone passing over the Big Lake sec tion; the Nodaway overflowed. The re sult of these was the destruction of much corn, wheat and oats, and a conse quent heavy loss to farmers. At Corn ing the rainfall was reported at 84 inches and Bigelow also suffered. The road from Mound City to Bigelow, west of the Tark, was inundated. On the 30th a most destructive hail storm visited Clay township, riddling the growing corn, until it looked as ifit had been put through a shredding ma chine. The county was also visited by copious rains on the 6th, ISth, 23d and 23th. The total rain fall at this point dur ing the month was 6.05 inches. The normal for the month is 4.57 inches. At this station on the night of the 14th, only .90 of an inch fell - 8J-o at Corning, 6 at Craig and 7 at Mound City and Maitland. This remarkable fall was within three hours, between 7 and 10 p. m., and is the heaviest witliin the three hours ever recorded in the county. The total monthly fall of 6.05 inches for 1907 has been exceeded here in 1S93 when it was 7 inches; 1900 it was 10.95 inches; 1902 it was 10.79 inches; and 12J4 inches in 1S67, which was the heaviest July fall ever recorded at this point. There are few people indeed who have an adequate idea of what an inch of rain fall means. An acre contains 6.272.640 square inches of surface, and an inch of means therefore, the same number of cubic inches of water. A gallon con tains 277.27 cubic inches of water and an inch of rainfall means 22,622 gallons of water to the acre, and as a gallon of water weighs 10 pounds, the rain fall on an acre is 226,220 pounds. Hence the fall being six inches at Craig, the fall was equal to 135,731 gallons per acre, or a weight equal to 1,357,320 pounds to the acre. Counting 2,000 pounds to the tons, an inch of rain means 113 tons to the acre. Block 14 in Craig contains within a small fraction of three acres this means a rain fall of 407,196 gallons to the inch on this one block, and as the fall was 6 inches it tells us that 2,443,176 gallons of water fell upon this block within three hours on the night of July 14th or a weight equal to 2,034 tons. If you will contemplate this immensity of water,falling in so short a time, you will realize that it is no wonder that the Tarkio's got out of their banks. Here in Oregon, the extremes of the month have been: Date. Mpx. Date. Min. 6 94 1 53 3 95 2 62 23 96 11 62 24 96 27 60 25 93 29 61 Mean maximum, S3. Mean minimum, 66. Mean, 77. The normal temperature for July 78; from the above it will be noted that the month has been 1 degree below the normal. Rain fall for the month, 6.05 inches; normal rain fall is 4.57 inches. The greatest precipitation in 24 hours was 1.24 inches on the 30th. Evidently from the amount of busi ness done at the Maitland station dur ing the year ending June 30th, Agent Henderson must have been a very busy man. From the Herald of last week we learnthat the tonnage of freight receiv ed was 23,172,171; forwarded, 17,604,810. That 326 cars of cattle and 331 cars of hogs were shipped from that place, and a total of 785 car loads of freight were shipped out of that place, and 431 cars received. The total freight earnings amounted to 827,274.32, and the total number of cars received and forwarded was 1,266. In 1902 she handled 1,144 cars, 405 were cattle and 305 of hogs. In 1S96 there were just 1,005 cars handled. Kept Them Busy. That Forest City is a busy place for the railroad employees, one only need glance over the following abstract of the business done at the station during the year ending July 30. 1907. To handle and look after this business it is evident that Agent Fredericks and his assistant Elton, have been busy men indeed, and it is a gratification to all to know that they have done so with an. eye single to the interests of the company and in a congenial, affable manner to all the pa trons of the road. The following is an abstract of the business done at this sta tion, not including passenger traffic: Forwarded. Cars. Cars. Lumber 25 Hogs 219 Saw (dust 14 Cattle 75 Apples 165 Sheep 2 Implements 1 Horses 1 Peaches 1 Wheat 19 Eggs 2 Corn 22 Emigrant outfit. 16 Excelsior 13 Hay 24 Canned goods.. 21 Poultry 2 Cooperage stock 4 Junk 5 Willows 300 Total 931 Received. Cars. Cars. Lumber 45 Brick 7 Coal 79 Ice 1 Flour 24 Engineering outfit 1 Barrels 45 Corn 1 Live stock IS Box shooks 8 Miscellaneous... 11 Hay 2 Implements 6 Stoneware 1 Cement 8 Spuds 2 Wire 3 Sand 7 Salt 5 Stone 2 Fruit Jars 3 Tin Cans 8 Sugar 1 Total 233 Total received and forwarded 1,219 cars. Total weight forwarded, lbs., 7,656,448. Total weight received, lbs., 15,522,818. Freight earnings 849,565 44. Ten years ago, the total car load lots received and forwarded was 1113, show iog an increase of business done at this station, of 106 cars. Had these cars been shipped at one time it would have re quired 61 special trains of 20 cars to the train and would have been Sj miles long. From John May. We take the liberty of making the fol lowing extract from a letter received by us from John May, a former Oregon boy, but now located at San Diego, Cali. It is very interesting, and John is so well known and has so many friends in Holt county, that we know will be pleased to hear from him: "I want to say that the dear old paper is a source of much interest and pleasure to me. Although it has been about 25 years since I gave up my residence in old Holt, yet I find a majority of the names I see in the paper are familiar. "The short visit I made in the dear old town two years ago, seems more like a dream than the long residence of many years ago. "We think we have here the finest country, for scenery, climate and health, there is in the United States, and in the last year it is very prosperous and boom ing. Vet I would be loath to advise any one to leave the old Platte Purchase and move here to mingle in the mad rush and excitement, where you have to keep on the run to keep up with the proces sion, or be overrun by it. "San Diego has always been a slow, prosy, sleepy town until within the last year or two, but now the rush is coming fast and bueiness methods are changing rapidly. A kind of- Rip Van Winkle awakening. Population about 42,000 first sky scraper under way, 12 stories high. But there is one quiet lovely spot that may remain so for many years, who knows. It is a mile or. two wide and three or four long, and only sparsely settled with beautiful, many of them palatial, homes. It is the city and Island of Coronado just half a mile away.across the bay. It is reached by a large steam ferry boat, which crosses every 20 min utes, from 6 a. m. until after midnight, and connects with trolley cars at either side. "Coronado is rich and fertile and fa mous.among other things.for its wonder ful hotel, open the year around, and the tent city, which is a summer affair, yet there is not much difference in the cli mate winter or summer. The summer is dry and cool, except occasional fogs. The rainy season, from November to March, when we have from 7 to 12 in ches of rain scattered along. We think the winter is as pleasant as the summer. Coronado is surrouned by the bay on the east and north and the ocean on the west, to the south there is a narrow strip of land 6 or 7 miles long, connect ing it with the main land, and from San Diego around the bay and over this nar row strip there is a railroad to Coronado, which will be electrized in the near fu ture. We have a nice home in Coronado and hope to go in business there when we sell out here. "With best regards to you all, I am yours truly, J. A. May." Mrs. G. W. Murphy and son Frank, visited with her mother at Mound City, this week.