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43RD YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1907. NUMBER 14 ntP H' Spit AUGUST 190? t Suiv. : Mfn. : Tttr. Weil. 1 I T 2 " 3 4;f 5 6 7 8 9 I 10 Hi 12 14 15 ! 16 17 . V: ' 18 19 120 21 ! 22,: 23:1-24 25;i26'j27 28 29i3oj3rl fs v ft? A Death of George Colvin. In the death of George Colvin, which occurred at his home in Maitland, on Wednesday last, August 7, 1907, our sis ter city, and our county at large, loses one of its very best citizens, and one who had abided with us for nearly fifty years, and in all those years his life was an or en book, dying at the ripe old age of 7G years, respected and esteeemed by all who knew him. In the summer of 1339, he, in com pany with Richard Markland, landed by steamer at Forest City and came over to Oregon Mr. Colvin engaged in various businesses here for a number of years, and in 1SSG went to Maitland ard en gaged in the hotel business. About a year ago he disposed of this business and had been residing quietly in a snug little home resting arid waiting, per haps, for his sun to set. He wa- twice married -his first wife beiug Martha, a daughter of Peter and Mary Price, and a sister of the Price sisters and brothers, of this city. Tkey were married in June, 1861, and June 8, 1867, she died, leaving three children by this marriage, a son, John, of St. JJoseph, and a daughter, Mrs. Anna Markland, of this city, both of whom survive their father, and a son, Willie, who died in infancy. About 1SS0 he married Amanda Peters, who, with two daughters, Misses Jessie and Grace, survive; a little son, George, was also born of this union, but died in infancy; two grand-children, Corbin and Blanche Markland, of this city, also survive. The funeral was conducted from the residence on Thursday, by the Rev. Dr. Moore, of the Maitland Presbyterian charch, and the large attendance attes ted the high esteem and regard in which he was held b his fellow-citizens. The interment was in the K. P. cemetery. An unusual card of thanks was left at this office today, says the Atchison Globe. "I did not issue a card of thanks when my husband died, but now that three months are passed I wish to have one printed. I desire to thank, not those friends who came in when he lay dead in the house, and bustled around ar ranging the chairs and flowers, and answering the door, but those friends who have come in since the parade was over, and who have sat with me in ray loneliness when they might be with hap pier people elsewhere. And I desire to state that few of those bus before the parade have been to see me since it was over. I am no longer in the limelight, and am forgotten." "The only way to be perfectly happy," said Mr. Rockefel ler to his Sunday school class recently, "is to do good unto others." He knows, for he has been doing us good for a long time. The State Association of Mexican War veterans will be held at Holden, September 11-12 Missouri furnished a large number of soldiers to the Mexican war, and it is believed that the reunion this year will have the largest attend ance of any similar state gathering in the countrv. For full particulars write W. Boone Major, 2205 GoiT avenue, St. Joseph, Mo. M. C. Brumbaugh, C. C. Phillips and Lionel Wyman, of Maitland, were doitis business with the probate court, Tuesday. 1 .9 Oh, hazyAuusfc daya of rriaze; J long t(j.ba5kWih dreary book, In languid aasefcdMltfoGk-! ' f Tent Meetings Postponed. Kuoxville. Tenn , August 12, 1907. j Mr. Jas. M. "alton, Oregon, Mo: i Dear Brothe: My little daughter has j been sick fur three weeks, and is now at j the point of death. This makes it im ! possible for me to leave home. I am so j sorry, for I did want to make the trip so bad, but this is something we can't help I don't think she will last but a few more days. If you will wait till the change comes, I will come right on just as quickly as it is over. We haw lost all hope of the child getting well. We have two doc tors with her twice a day. Hut if you think it beat not to wait, just go on with the meetiug. You can let me know as soon as possible. I will write you every day or so. Your brother in Christ, J. T. Sexton. The tent meeting is postponed for a few days ou account of the above. An ; uouncements will be made at the Sun , day morning services at the different . churches. ' Bro. Hobbs will lead the union ser i vice at the Methodist church Sunday j night. W. Saturday last, August 10th, was the anniversary of the admission of Missouri into the Union as a state. The event occurred So years ago; or to be more axact, in 1321. It was the second state west of the Mississippi river to be ad mitted, the first having been Louisiana. Only 23 states, or about one-half the present number, were states when Mis souri was admitted. The population of the United States at that time was 9, G33.S22; the census of 1900 gives 70,295, 220, including her colonies. The popula tion in round numbers is S8.000.000. The population of the whole state of Mis souri in 1S20, one year before her admis sion, was only 66,357. The census of 1900 gives Missouri a population of 3, 106,665, or a population equal to one third of the entire population in the United States when Missouri was ad mitted as a state. Attorneys Stokes and Williams, of Craig, ank Frank Petree, of this city, filed a petitioa last week in the circuit court of this county for Charles McUand lish, Charles Sandall, Pres. Wise, George W. Shults and others, asking for the in corporation of a drainage district to be called Little Tarkio Drainage District, No. 1, located south and east of Craig. The district if organized will embrace about 3,000 acres of land, located in sec tions 7, S, 16, 17, IS 19, 20, 21 and 22, in township 62 of range 39. Maitland, Forest City and Bigelow seem to have trouble in keeping over seers for the districts adjacent to these places. Charley Herman has done some excellent work around Oregon, and then handed in his resignation and we are all sorry that Charley did this, for he was an excellent overseer. Ed Rostock i? home from New Mexi co, visiting the "old folks at home." This is his first visit for three years. Ten freight cars were ditched below Nodaway, Monday night, and trains were delayed for several hours. A Great Gathering. On Saturday of next week, August 24. there is to be a great gathering of state Republicans at St. Louis. Secretary Taft is to be there and make an address also Senator Warner, Attorney-Gen eral Hadley, Congressman Lands, of Indiana. Though we have no election this year in our state, the Republicans think it a good time to come together in the largest city of the state and show how strong are the party inspirations of the time. J Up to 1901 Missouri contribu ted nothing to the national prosperity by its vote. Tne state was claimed as sure for any ticket with the Democratic label. But the last national election put the state in the Republican column, not only for Presidential electors, but also for state officers, except governor. The change is admitted to have been for the general advantage. Next August, under the new primary law, state tickets will be nominated b the whole body of voters at the polls. At the November election all voters will be called on to give their senatorial preferences, and the choice thus arrived at will be practically binding on the Legislature. Popular rallies are decided ly appro; riate in leading up to popular nominations. St. Louis itself has a striking Republican record in national elections. Five times in succession it has given a majority to the Republican nominee for president. Few of the large cities can claim as much for them selves. In that Republican city, with its full share of prosperity and rejoicing in the policy of the part- that does things, the big meeting of August 21 will be a fitting prelude to the campaign of l!)03, with its novel duties and respon sibilities at the primaries taking the place of the state convention. Missouri's Republicans generally are ready and enthusiastic. Twelve Million Increase. The valuation of the railruad, tele phone, telegraph and bridge properties in Missouri, as assessed by the State Board of Equalization, for the taxes of 1907, is $160,983,650, of which sum 8114, 038,436 is assessed against steam rail roads. This is a total increase of 812,- 012,724 orer that of 1906. The main line of the K. C, St. Joe & C. B., is as sessed at 82,481,244, or about 817,351 -per mile; in 18i)0 it was assessed at 89,000 per mile. The Nodaway Valley branch is asses sed at 8282,529, or 83.S2!) per mile;in1890 it was valued at 84,430 per miie. The Tarkio Valley branch is assessed at 8241,011 or 89,269 per mile; in 1890 it was valued at 84.39S per mile. The Atchison & Nebraska is valued at 8133,797, including the Rulo bridge, or 844.5U9 per mile;1890 assessed at 841,600. St. Joseph & Nebraska line at 872,359 or 812,000 per mile; in 1890 it was fixed approximately at 84,000 per mile. This places the Aggregate value of the railroad propertj in Holt county at 81, 409,335, subdivided as follows: Atchison & Nebraska 8 133,797 282,529 241,011 72,359 079,689 Nodaway Valley Tarkio Valley St. Joseph & Nebraska Main line, K. C. road Total 81,409,335 Rural Delivery Business. The rural mail carriers out of this post office did a good business during the month of July, handling 26,129 pieces of mail. The amount handled bv each was: Delivered. Collected. 439 474 446 379 676 Route 1 Route 2 Route 3 Route 4 Route 5 5,505 6.413 4,S15 3,309 3,623 Total for July 23.565 Total for June 22,397 Total for May 25,752 2,464 2.263 2,675 Curtis Hill, the State Highway En gineer, is expected to be here the last of this week. The law creatine this office was passed by the legislature last winter and provides that the engineer shall de vise plans and systems of highways and bridges, give assistance and advice to county officials of roads, to givo all the information possible along the line of value of materials and chemical and physical formation of road materials. He is directly under the state board of agriculture who employ and pay him. (82,400 per year.) He is to have charge of the state road to be built from Kan sas City to St. Louis or two roads if they are decided on. Taken altogether, he is an official with an opportunity. Shall we co-operate and make Holt one ofthe up-to-date spots of the state? Corwin Zeller, who has been help ing in the County Clerk's office for sev. eral months.has accepted a position with the llinde Drug Co. Mrs. Charley Bridge and baby, who have been at the bedside of her mother, Mrs. Ed Raiser, left Tuesday for her home in Hamburg la,. White Cloud, Kansas. Next week White Cloud. Kas., will celebrate its 50th anniversarv, and the citizens are orenaricg for a bisr time. It will therefore be opportune, for us to give a little sketch of the early history of the old town, and as Oregon has fig ured in the creating of Mound City, Maitland, Brownsville, Neb., and other places, it also fisured in starting White Cloud. In 1336, a company was organized at Oregon, to found ji town on the banks of the Missouri River, in Kansas Territory, for which they selected the name of Whita Cloud, a then recent chief of the Iowa Indians, on whose lands the town was to be built. The company was com posed of John II. Utt. James Foster and Dr. H. W. Peter, of Oregon, and Cor nelius Dorland and Enoch Spaulding. who were located on the town site. But as the land still belonged to the Indians, a title could not be secured. But in the spring of 1S57, when the lands were brought iuto the market, the company was reorganized and enlarged. Among the new stockholders were Ozias and David Bailey, of Illinois: Dr. Richard J. Gatling, of Indianapolis, inventor of the Catling gun. and his brother William J. Gatling. of Des Moines, la At the sale of the Iowa Trust Lands which occurred at Iowa Point. In June, 1357, a title was secured, and on the 4th of July there was a grand barbecue and sale of lots. drawing an immense concourse of peo pie. John F. Hampson. a former Reg ister of Deeds, assisted in surveying aud platting the tovvusite. Of the original town company, nil, we believe, are now dead Dr. Gatling who died in March. 1903, being the last of the list to pass away. The first settler ou the town site was Thomas Lease, who built a log cabin on the river bank, a short distance below .vnere the railroad depot now stands. The tirst store was run by Michael Byrd. The building stood back of the livery stable, across the ravine. There were several cabins in the vicinity of the old Burkhalter meat market. Byrd's resi dence was a cabin on top of the high bluff, in the south part of town. In 1856, Enoch Spaulding built a boarding house just back of the city hotel loca tion. Early in lBoi, Jennings ifc Bnggs built a store house and opened up stock of goods just east of where the Ilines gracery store was established. A family named Stonescipher, from East Tennessee, ran a float ferry across trie river. In 1856, Charles G. Scrafford and Samuel Lappin shipped a saw mill from Ohio, intending to set il up at Leavenworth, but were refused permis sion to land, and landed the mill at Iowa Point, but were refused permission to set it up, for the same reason. They thereupon procured ox teams and haul ed the mill to Vhite Cloud, where they put it in operation. It had the old- fashionedj uprignt saw, known as a "muley." Early in 1857 Sol Miller shipped his printing outfit from Ohio and started the - White Cloud Chief." The Chief continued for 15 years from 1857 to 1S72 when it was moved to Troy. Then came the "Review" from 1S30 to 1887. The Review, No. 2, from 1SSS to 1S89. The News, June, 1891, to March, 1892. Then the Globe came shortly after the death of the News, and is still being published, and under the management of Mr. Emil Marker, is a most excellent publication. During this same summer, 1837, John H. Utt built a saw mill, with a circular saw, and Shreve & Macy "came to town" and opened p drug store, and we believe "Shreve's Drug Store, is still in exia tence in the old town, the present build ing being put up in IS58. In 1353 the City Hotel was built and Cornelius Dorland put up the three story brick on the levee. During this summer, a steam ferry boat was brought out bv R. P. and J. W. Moore, Josua Taylor and J. F. Swartz. The pilot who ran the boat the first season, was U. B. Pavey, familarly called "Pole" Pavey, a boon companion of Mark Twain in his early days on the Upper Mississippi. Dr. Thomas C. Shreve was the first physician. The first school house was built in 135S by Gregory Amann, who latr moved to Hiawatha, was one of the mechanics in its building. John II. Utt built the planing mill in 1303. The first blacksmith was Isaac Cleve land. W. U. Forncrook, afterwards county clerk, worked as a "jour" in the old shop. Ben Ruffner opened a store under the Chief office m 1. J. C. Pierce kept the first livery stable, and also run a hotel. R. S. Wakefield was the first resident carpenter. V. D. Markham was the first lawyer to locate in White Cloud: he afterwards removed to Denver and became quite wealthy. There were many Oregon men in '57 and '53 aud later who.held large inter ests in u nite Cloud, and they took an active mterpst in the early development of the town.Of these were Ira and H. W reter ami John M. f razer; they were associated together in the mercantile business, as Peter, Frazer & Co , and sold all kinds of goods, and enjoyed an extensive business, their business ex tending to Holt and Atchison counties, Missouri, Richardson and Nemaha counties, Nebraska, and Brown and Doniphan counties, Kansas. Their sales in 1353 amounted to 80.000. Both of the Peter's are now dead, while Mr. Frazer we believe is still living, and one of the leading wholesale merchants of St. Joseph. u hen our sister citv of White Cloud came into being, in 1857, slavery was in ine priue or us strengtn, staining over the land, domineering aud threatening everything not in sympathy with it. At that time there was only one state west of Missouri, with a population in all that vest territory of less than 900,000, and a voting population of about 140,- 00. Now there are 13 states and four territories, with a population of 10,000,- 000. At that time there was no town west of St. Louis, save San Francisco with 10,000 inhabitants. The great majority of the men lived to see the town lot sale, are now dead, and their places are filled by others who had not yet been conceived many whose parents even were boys and girls. Then the only means of communica tion the people of this part of the great west had was by steam boat and by stage coach. Today there are 10 pas senger trains trough Forest City daily, and each of these trains carry more pas sengers in a single day than all the steamboats and stages that passed in a week. The change between then and now is wonderful, aud will be reverted too, often, during White Cloud's 50th anniversarv. The steamer Watossa, Captain Reich- eneckpr, made regular trips from St. Jo seph to Omaha, and advertised that she would touch at Forest City, White Cloud, and other points north to Omaha with regular weekly trips. The Watossa was a splendid craft, and was welcomed by the people along the river. But one unlucky day she tried the Nodaway slough and sunk near the mouth. Her artell still hangs in the Christian church steeple of Oregon. To the man of today the foregoing will hardly be interesting. Many of nameB mentioned are perhaps unknown to him, and he cannot be expected to give this article more than a casual glauce, but there are still many who will gladly go back to the time when these were real live things, and connect them with others which tend to make up the history of this section of Uncle Sam's domain. E. W. Davis and wife o f Fillmore, passed through town Tuesday, on their way to Watson, to visit relatives. Rev. Sansman and wife were with them, and they will visit in Mound City, and will return her later. George Gelvin and John Keeves have returned from Kansas City and they brought with them a 28 horse Jpower automobile purchased by the former. There are several in the city almost con vinced to do the same. There will be an ice cream social on the lawn at the Marion School house, Saturday evening, August 31st, for the benefit of the church. Everybody is in vited to attend and Have a good time. Remember the date, August 31st. Prof. Gallaher was in town Tuesday, and as agent for Ginn & Co., school book publishers, was making settle ment with our book sellers. He will go to Fayette in a week or bo, where he will be superintendent of schools .he coming year. The bridge over Davis Creek, near the electric light plant in Mound City, gave way Saturday last, while a thresh ing machine engine was passing over it. The overseer fixed a temporary struc ture, and Surveyor Morris was up Thursday, and will have a new one in in a short time. After lightning for 33 years, the town of Barney, Neb., has surrendered to the Missouri river. The postoflice has been abandoned and the last old residence has floated down the muddy stream. In the early days Barney was a properous town. The Burlington maintained a station there, but the steady ravages of the river forced the railroad to move its tracks to higher ground. Thirty years ago Barney had a bank, many stores and a large number of comfortable residences. It was a rival of Nebraska City, and for years there was a sharp contest between the two towns, with the chances favoring Barney. But the Missouri river entered into the combination against Uarney.and from that time the old town was doom ed. Last week a deserted bificksmith shop was all that remained to the once properous town of 1,600 inhabitants. The river rose a few nights ago and took this old building with it. And that was the last of Barney. MAITLAXD'S BIG FAIR. Prospects Bright for the Biggest and Best Pair Ever Held. Many Attractive Features. Beginning Monday next, August 19th, and continuing through Fridav, August 23d, Maitland's big fair will be in pro gress, and promises to surpass any pre vious exhibition in the history of the as sociation The management has not been idle by any means and the features that make the fair interesting have been gathered in so that the event will be a most interesting one. The stock men have taken hold with a vim and it is now reasonably certain that the exhibits will exceed those of any other year. There are many splendid herds of cat tle and swine in this region of thorough bred stock and the best breeds, that would make premium winners at any fair. The owners of these have been making inquiries for space, and will be out in full force. In the matter of horses, too, the prospects are bright. This is essentially a horse countrv. and it is known as the home of the good horse iu all the western markets. The new floral hall has added to the zeal of the ladies, and they are giving indications that they will take up all the room that can be given them with the exhibits of their handiwork and skill. The skill of the ladies thereabouts is well known, and nothing need be said on that score. The speed ring is filling up in good hape. Horse men in this circuit signi fy their intention of having their horses there, so that the events as advertised will be filled with good goers. In addit ion to these a number of attractions in the way of a carnival corapany,educated horses and similar features are arranged for, a detailed list of which will be given next week. They will be up to-date, however, and enough of them to keep something doing all the time. The new floral hall and the other improvements made, make the grounds much more at tractive than ever. You can count on a good time at Maitland fair this year. Go and have a good time. Things Have Changed. An old citizen said to us a few days ago:"Uid you ever notice the fine dis play of buggies and carriages that sur rounds our court house square almost every Saturday afternoon and, some times, on other days, too, whenever a crowd's in town." Of course we admit ted that we had, upon many occasions observed the elegance of the display of fine, modern vehicles upon our stteets. Yes. and it denotes wealth and ease to a degree that scarcely anything else can. Only a few years ago there was scarcely a buggj or carriage in all Holt county. Mr. Samuel Foster, who for many years lived just east of town, is said to have been the first proud possessor of a bug gy, in this county. A few others, later, bought buggies, but these were all of very quaint patterns, and after a few years of pretty rough usage, were left standing around old barns or sheds and served for chicken roosts. Those were early days:"good old days,'' thry are sometimes referred to as m those times "before men learned to hew the shaft and lay the architecture," the Trickets, the Manons, the Clemenaes, the Renfoes, and others, held camp meetings in "God's first temples," the native groves, and the populace went to church on horseback, in lynch pinjwag ons, drawn by oxen, and afoot; some walked to church bare foot in the sum mer and carried their shoes until they got near the church house, then stopped by the roadside and put on their foot gear only ju3t before entering the church house. Yes, they went to church in all sorts of ways, in those good old days, but they went, indeed, they observed their sacred obligations in those days more religously and unfail ingly than many of our people do now. To church," though, was about all the place there was, in many neighbor hoods, to go. "A neighborhood" in those early days was a pretty big scope of country. The log school house was the place of meeting. There were a very few "hymn books" in the country, and so tne preacner, tne term "minister" was not used in those days, generally "gave out the hymn, two lines at a time, and the congregation sang these; and then the preacher read two lines more and so on to the end of the song service. That would Heem indeed primi tive today, wouldn t it.' Well, it is primi tiveand was so then, but it was the best thing they could do. The people, though, lived easily and happily. They fished and hunted for game along the creeks and rivers: cut bee trees full of honey in the timber; pastured their long-horned cows on the "commons:" fattened their razor backed hogs on the "mast" and raised a few bushels of corn iu the "clearings." This is the way the early Bottlers of Holt county lived, so they didn't need many buggies, and could not havefgot them if they had needed them. But times have changed, and the people have changed with them. Now there are buggies and carriages and surreys nd automobiles and the Lord only knows what will come next.