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BV DUBVNS A: Cl Kia. Entered at the Postothce, Ure-ou, Mo.. aa Second C.ass Matter I A. Weekly Newnpapr De. to the Interests of the Beat Couui in the Union. TERMS: $1.50 Per Tear. Witch the date following your name on the Margin of the paper. It tells the date to which your subscription is paid. Friday, August 16, 1907. 1907 AUGUST 1907 sui. ioi. run. vis. thus. nx. u?. 23 JL Zl jl 11 TTTU IT T5 16 17 78 19" 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 291 30 3 Arrival and Departure of Mails at the Postoffice, Oregon, Mo. MAILS DEPART: 7 :30 a. m. For Omaha anu intermediate points, and all points north, east and west. 12:10 p. m. For all points north, south, east and west, except Tarkio and Villisca branches. 9 :00 a. m. For St. Joseph :ind intermediate points. 3 :30 p. m. For New Point only. 7:30 a.m. Helwijr supplied by Rural Car rier, Route No. 3. 4:35 p.m. For Villisca, north, mail to all points north, east, south and west, except intermediate be tween Forest ity and St. Joseph. 12:45 m. For all points north, south, east and west. Mall made up at 5:00 p. m. MAILS ARRIVE. 9:00 a. m. Omaha Mails from ll points, north, e:ist, south :iud west. 10:30 a. m. Villisca and Tarkio Valley branches. Mails from north east, south and west. 11:30 a. m. From New Point only. 3 :15 p. m. Main line Iv. C, St. Joe. & C. B. Mails from all points, north smith, east and west. 6 :00 p. m. From St. Joseph. 7:30 a. m. Rural Route No. 1. leaves. Re turns at 2.00 p. m. 7;sn:i.m. Rural Route. No. 2. leaves. Re turns. - 00 p. m. MOii. m. Rum 1 Route. No. 3. leaves. Re turns at -2 00 p. m. 7 :30 a. m. Rural Route, No. 4, leaves. Re turns at 2:00 p. m. 7:30 a. m. Rural Route, No. 5, leaves. Re turns at 2:00 p. m. 2:30 a.m. Mainline, K. O..St. Joe & O. B. Mail from all points. Mails are made up promptly 15 minutes be fore departing time. New Point mail arrives and departs dally except Sunday. Mail to Fortescue. Rulo and points on the B & M. in Nebraska within 100 miles of this office, should be mailed before 8:45 a. m. In order to reach its destination the same day. Malls for main line of Iv. O., St. Joe. & C. B. north and south, are made up and depart at the same time, for day trains, 12:10 p. m. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Circuit Court. Convenes first Monday in January; fourth Mondays in April and August. William O. Ellison, circuit judge. Geo. C. Price, prosecuting attorney. Fred W. Cook, circuit clerk. A. R. MrNulty, sheriff. Harry M. Irwin, stenographer. Probate Court. Convenes second Mondays In February, Hay August and November. Geo. W. Murphy, probate judge. County Court. Regular Terms: First Mondays in Febru ary May, August and November. Henry E. Wright, presiding judge. George W. 1'otten. judge 1st district. Jno. 11. Hunt, judge of 2d district. Frank L. Zeller, clerk of county court. County Hoard of Health. Henry E. Wright, president. George W. Cotton, vice-president. C. L. Evans, county physician. Frank L. Ze,Itr, secretary. John H. Hunt. 2nd District. County Hoard of Education. t;eo. W. Reavis, Maillaud. W. F. Gwinn. Mound City. Mollie Palmer, Craig. Collector of Revenue, Geo. F. Seeman. County Treasurer, George W. Cummins. Recorder of Deeds, John Speer Commissioner of Schools, Ceo. W.Reavis. Public Administrator, M.I) . Walker. Superintendent of Poor, HebournCarson. Surveyor, Win. M. Morris. Asssessor, Will Fitzmaurice. C. W. Wyman. Coroner. Maltland. Nodaway -comity is to vote on local option, Thursday, September 12th. The petition asking for the submission con tained 9S0 names. Andrew county voted on the proposition on the Gth, resulting in a victory for the wets by the vote of 1,331 to 1,252 majority in favor of the sale of liquors, GO. Little interest was shown in the election. In 1S57 the peo ple of Andrew voted on the proposition with the same- result, but a much larger majority for the sale. Paulino and Mary Jones. spent a feu days this and last week, the guests of Will Kueale and family, of near New Point. WANTED YOUNG MAN from Holt county ;i. i.n-nare for desirable position in Govt. -J . ' -ei-vice. Sabtrv. rOO. Rapid promotion iiw. Sp'end'.d opport unity. Address Box : , Cedar Rapids, low a. The Travelers Have Returned. When the sun rose oh the ocean n morning th- sk was clear, but a sligt.t( misty haziness, which nearly always j bangs over the sea. made the sun look more like a nioon.whiob even our borrow, ed field glasses did not lully remove, but every object had a peculiar weird ap pearance in spite of -11 we could do. The wind was a little stouger than it had been the evening bi-f re nnd I tried to study the motion of the ship. The roll seemed regular and you would scarcely notice it. unless jou would sight some object through a win dow, or over a railing, and then you could see that the vessel would throw you out of line from 20 to 30 degrees; but the motion was so slow that no one seemed to be much affected by it. All kinds of ships were in suht going in different direction all day, but we were swift enough to pass most of those go ing our way. The great ocean liners and freight vessels which are from 500 to GOO feet long looked to us as small as river boats. The effect of the wide expanse of water makes all objects and distances seem less than they really are. I knew this, but still was disappointed. I was like the boy who was taken to the show to see the lion. He expected to see a fierce looking beast as big as a horse, but when he was told that the thing he saw was the lion aod as big as they ever grew, he was disgusted and said, "That is no lion, old towser could whip that thing." The sailing vessels are much more at tractive than the steamers. The white sails spread out like the wings of some great bird, gave us an idea of why the poor Indians, when they first saw the ocean vessels, thought them to be moc ster birds which hud flown from some land, where the sun and moon dwelt, and they came to see the birds. Thus it was with Cortez in Mexico. And when he and his men landed from these strange birds, the Indians said, "this is the Fair God, who promised to come back and now he has como." All day long until four o'clock, "we rolled along on the deep blue sea." straining our eyes for objects of inter est and our memories for the lessons sages and bards have ever drawn from old ocean. We noticed the changing and fickle nature of all its forms and colors, and we remembered Moore had said: Poor wanderers of a stormy day From wave to wave we'er driven, And FHnc's flash and Reason's ray Serve but to liyht our troubled way There's nothing calm, but Heaven And Tennysou, in contemplation of death, has sung: Twilight and evening bell And after that the dark And may there be no sadness of farewell When I embark. For tho' from out our bourne of time and place The flood may bear me far I hope to see my Pilot face to face, When I have crossed the bar. And so our earthly pilot had lead ub all night and now until late in the after noon, among rocks and shoals, winding in and out through narrow necks and at fartherest not over 30 miles from land all along the way, and now was bring ing us safe and sound to our destination on time, in New York harbor. Hundreds of ships and boats greeted one another there, while we walked the decks and looked at the objects of interest as quickly as possible, vainly trying to see them all. I again attempted to use my borrow ed kodak, but it balked on me and so I asked my wife what she saw while I was losing time. She pointed to the Statue of Liberty, in the distance, and there in Roman toga, holding aloft a huge torch, stood Liberty Enlightening the World. It is a great structure located on Bed low's Island in the bay, and can be 6een from every direction as you come into New York from the ocean. There was also Ellis Island and the Battery in view and the endless vista of unsightly, but impressive structures banked along the bay and river forming the metropolis of America and the future money mon arch of the world New York seems to he at the meeting of the ways and the tides of travel converge there as well as the tides of ocean. It is estimated that on nny day a count would show no less than one million strangers in New York, of every type of mankind the world pro ducesfrom the noblest specimen of the sons of men to things scarcely aboye the ape. From the best to the worst, from the biggest to the smallest, from the highest to the lowest, from the most angelic to the most infernal that this old world can produco all are repre sented in New York. It has taller build mgs and more of them than any other city in the world. We were especially interested in several things in the city, one being the much talked of "Sub way, rnis is an "under ground rail road, not of the same kind however, as the ' under ground railroads" so noted in slavery days. In New York the system consists of over 20 miles of subwaj-, some four and some two track lines. None are less than double track, for safety and ne cessity of business. The plan is to make a tunnel of 00 feet in width by 13 in height for the four track road, and 2") by 13 for the double track. Part is what they call the "barrel vault" and some the "tube." The barrel vault is 24 by 10 feet and the tube lo feet in diam eter. In constructing these subways, where the tracks are not far under- j igroutid, ttie plan id generally to make really a palace, inhabited by the weal xti a deep cur and put in an arch roof at d i triy, than in the humble cottage of the fi 1 in the cut over the arch, but v here the cut would have to be too deep.a tun nel is made and the necessary supports for safety placed inside. The ;-ubwas are well lighted with electric lamp.? and large and commodious landings are pro-'. vided at convenient distances along the j w iv. Passengers come down by etair ; from the stieet above, and when the proper trains comes, they get aboard, while others get off and ascend to the street. There are trains of four or five cars together as a rule, and the speed is greater than that of the surface cars and they do not stop so ofteu. The tun nels are so constructed as to admit good ventilation and the motion of the traius keep up a strong breeze, so the cars are quite pleasant and airy and being so well lighted that you can read quite easily in any part of the tunnels. The ground in New York is very rough and rocky. It was therefore necessary to do a good deal of blasting and hard digging in making these subways. It teems a little odd, when you come to a sign, high up above the street, and you read "Subway Station" and by the time you go up two or three flights of stairs you begin to think it was as a matter of fact a very "Elevated Sta tion." But you soon see that this very elevated part is only an occassional var iation caused by the road crossing some deep gorge or ravine where the subway is suddenly converted to an elevated, and is carried on a high trestle fur a few hundred feet soon again to rush you deep underground, may be for several miles It seems to me that the subway is the plan for the large city and will surely be carried out wherever great improve ments are made. New York, London, Boston and other cities have already carried on the work quite extensively. In London, they say, the subways are called "tubes" and are mucn smaller than ours and are round tunnels of from 12 to 13 feet in diameter. Yet every where they have been successful. Tne elevated road id a nuisance. It shuts out he light and obstructs the view from the streets and sidewalks below and are unspeakably ugly and noijy Such a system should never be used when it could be avoided by any reason ribie method. The old manner of constructing car lines on the surface of the strt-et was g ;od enough when the motive power was a team of horses or mules or even now m the smaller class of cities and towns or where streets are not much used. But in the great thoroughfares they block up the streets and are ex ceedingly dangerous and destructive. If the companies were compelled to pay- full damages for all the mischief done by their cars it would ruin their profits To avoid this result, they corrupt the police, run off witnesses, meddle with juries, block the process or the courts and in a thousand ways corrupt the public morals. Every perfidy known to the black leg politician, shyster lawyer tne boodler and tricKster is stock in trade with the street car company, and that chiefly caused by the congested condition of traffic and the speed neces sary in running their curs, which causes the damage they try to avoid paying for. The subway would remove most of these evils and be convenient except for short runs. Our next point was Coney Island. I promised not to take in any of the shows and so I got the others to come along with me. We crossed the Brooklyn Bridge, both going and comiug. A good part of Brooklyn came in our trip The eastern part of Long Island, several miles of the shore along the sound and with all the immortal Coney Island. see tnat maxim UorKy says mat Uon--y Island is an unspeakable bore I s-up pose it is, but then it is part of the world as you find it and our short visit was not time wasted, especially since we took in the other trip of about 40 miles along with it. We then took in the Museum of Art and of Natural History Here were sub jects to delignt tne most fastidious as well as the most obtuse. Those who are fond of hunting would like to see th- game birds of all kinds on their natural grounds in their natural way. All, true enough, artificial, but yet seeming so natural that Nature must out do be self to excel the scene. A prominent English scientist has said that it is only the Americans who know how to rep resent the real life of animated nature in a museum. There were also, in beautiful state, the art collections of the Vanderbilts and Morgans, some of the finest statuary in the world endless varieties of the handiwork of man in all ages and of nature in her most exuber ent unfoldiogs. The wealth of the world is making America, and especially its chief city, the art and science center for all nations as well as the huddling place for the restless and oppressed of all lands. From there we took the River Side Drive, where the most elegant homes on the most bep.utiful grounds, command ing the most gorgeous view in all the land are to be seen. High, rocky and rolling, but picturesque and enchanting, facing the glorious banks of the Hudson and looking down on its placid waters, in artistic graudeur, stand those noble structures, i et 1 doubt most deeply if there is more real happiness in the building which looks like a castle, is poor, where h r.est toil seeks ts mild repose And I rather thin- that tlie cot ter df-t-oribed by liurf.s. is more truly a model for mankind than are the restless, rovinii. v iuptious holders of these for.s on th River Unit- Drive. Central ParK a tract of 500 acres in the c-Mer of the city is an elegant place eii.d i f incalculable value to the people of the city. It is pUnted in ele-1 gant trees, laid out by the most skillful , i plan, for beauty and economy and is so restful and cooling for the workers of the great, red hot city, that it is really a paradise. By the way, our word para dise, means a park, and this is where, it sr-ems to me, the two meanings are well blended. We had stayed with kin-folks in Yon kers, and had gon back and forth for several days and so we began to count our time. There wa3 Sleepy Hollow, Tarrytown and a world of other histori cal and beautiful scenes yet to view, so we must go on. It was hard to part.but "Parting is such sweet sorrow, So we must say goodnight until the morrow." G. W. Murphy. (To be continued.) Don't Think You're It. Do not think that the world cannot get along without you. It can. It has revolved around the sun and turned on its own axis for countless ages before you were born, and will continue to do so for many centuries after you are dead and forgotten. You have a place to fill in the world, if you have a mind to; but if not, do not think that the place will remain vacant. It will not. Others will be found to fill it just as well as you could. You may be a very impor tant person in the narrow circle in which you revolve, but are a very, very small personage outside your own orbit. No person is so important that his place cannot be filled; and if you fail to oc cupy the niche intended for you, some one else will be found to take your ;-lace. The world owes to no man a living, but it furnishes a living for every one who is to work for it. It waits for no man, but giveB every man a chance who has a mind to work. Take your appointed place, but do not imagine for one in stant that you are an indispensable part of it. Some of the farmers wonder why their sons have a desire to quit the farm, preferring town or city life. The cause is with the farmer himself. With a boy on the farm it is a perpetual toil in good weather, ail through the busy season, and perpetual loneliness in bad weather and most of the winter seasons. The time when the farmer has leisure is at the very time when they cannot get away from home on account of their isolation and bad roads. The boy hungers for company and his heart re volts against this unendurable loneli ness and to free himself from it wades miles through the mud to spend an hour at the country store. We are glad to note that in some sections of our coun try, jhe young people of both srxes have broken through these barriers and es tablished farmers' clubs and little so cieties of one sort or another. This should be encouraged and will prove a great tonic to keep your people on the farm and make life to them worth the living. The blood that courses in the veins of every man today is the product not merely of a generation or two, or merely of centuries, but rather of ages back. The struggle for existence in all its multifarious phases has been going on for a good while and the thousands of years of this struggle have left an effect in the blood of all of us. It is this that determines our impulses and instincts, this that makes us what we are in busi ness or in any other phase of the univer sal struggle for existence. It is this that must be considered when we think to examine human government or any thing else of permanence in human af fairs. And it is this, if nothing else, that ought to teach us that no transfor mation is liable to be brought about in a twinkling. Thus it is that while re forms are coming, such as temperance, honesty in office and graft all along the line, they are coming slowly and will surely get here sooner or later, and the man or men who attempt to stay their coming, will rue the day, for the best interests of the people demand these things, they ure bound to come, for right will prevail. j Mabel Viola Kurtz, infant daughter of Mr. and Mrs. William Kurtz.died Au gust 8, 1907, at 12:10 a. m., aged G months and 21 dnys. The funeral ser vices were conducted Friday morning, August 9th. by Rev. James M. Walton assisted by Rev. T. D. Roberts who mar ried Mr. and tMrs. Kurtz. The little body was laid away in Nickell'sJjGrove cemetery near tbe church of that name. The parents are heart-broken, but are comforted with the thought that their dear one is with the Lord Jesus. They have one more treasure in heaven and through ther tears rejoice in the hope of clasping their darling to their bo3om again in a world where there are no more partings nor tears. vV. Remember the regular morning ser vices at the Presbyterian church next Sunday. Sunday school and preaching as usual. W. C. T. IT. Convention. j Program of the fifteenth annual con vention of the fifth :i-anct of Missouri, Woman's Chris: iau Temperance Union Presbvterian caurch. Ndw Point, Mo., August 27, 23, 29. 1907: ; The public are cordially invited to at tend these meetings DISTRICT OFFICERS. President, Mrs. Lena Botkin, New Point. Secretary, Mrs. Anna Manley Wray, Union Star. Treasurer, Wrs. A. M. Bedford, Sa vannah. Chairman Reception Committee, Mrs May Praiswater. New Point. "Truth Without Fear." "The advancement of a nation comes only through the improvement of the homes of th- nation." TUESDAY SIGHT, AUGUST 27. 3:00 Devotional exercises, Mrs. T. D. Roberts Welcome on behalf of the churches, Mrs. T. D. Roberts. Young People's Societies, Mrs. Grace Wright. Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Mrs. J. W. Davis. Response by Mrs. M. V. McCoy, Craig Music. Lecture, Rev. Bertha J. Bowers, Creston, Iowa. Song, "America." Benediction. WEDNESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28. 9:30 Devotionals, Mrs. Anna Kunkel. Roll call by Secretary, Mrs. Anna Wray, with responses of tem perance quotations. Reports of superintendents. "Anti-Narcotics," Mrs. L. A. Dodds, Burlington Junction. Evangelistic," Mrs. C. E. Kirch- er, Maryville. "Fairs and Open Meetings," Mrs. C. D. Kellogg, Crate. "Franchise." Mrs. H. E. Manley, Union Star, R. I. Flower Mission. "L. T. L. and Mercy," Mrs. A. M. Wray, Union Star. "Legislation," Presidents of local unions. Address, "Building a Living Monument to Francis E. Wii lard How and by 5 Whom?" Miss Bowers. "Memorial Hour and Noontide Prayer," Miss B. J. Bowers. WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON, AUGUST 25. 2:00 Song service. Devotions. Minutes of morning session by secretary. Question box answers by Miss Bowers. "What Appliances and Prepara tions Do I Need to Do Effec tive W. C. T. U. Work?" Mrs. Bedford. "What is the Work of the W. C. T. U.?" Miss Bowers. Music. Recitation. "Sabbath Observance vs. Sunday Excursions, Etc," Mrs. C. J. Hunt, .Mrs. Alberta Murphy. 'Parliamentary Drill," Miss B. Bowers. 'Why Should Christian People Be Interested in the W. C. T. U. and How Can t We Enlist Them?" Bowers. Adjournment. 8:00 Address by Miss Berthe Bowers. THURSDAY MORNING, AUGUST 29. 9:30 Song service, devotions. Reading of minutes, secretary. Reports of superintendents. "Medal Contest," Mrs. Munson, Union Star. "Mothers' Meetings and White Ribbon Cradle Roll," Mrs. Kester, Burlington Junction. "Non Alcoholic Medication," Mrs. Sarah Wolcott, Burling ton Junction. "Press," Mrs. Mary Kern, Mary ville. "Sabbath Observance," Mrs. C. J. Hunt, Oregon. "Sunday School,"Mrs. May Prais water, Oregon, R. F. D. "Social Meetings, Red Letter Days," Mrs. Mercer, Savan nah. "Medical Temperance," Mrs. Sarah Bonham, Union Star, j R. F. D. "Union Signal Literature," Mrs. Mary '.Cook, Savannah. "Unfermented Wine," Mrs. Min nie Brand, Helena. "W. C. T. U. Institutes," the County Presidents. Noon-tide prayer. Adjournment. THURSDAY AFTERNOON 2:C0. Song service. Devot'ons. Reading of minutes, secretary. "The Trend of Events and Their Import," Rev. T. D. Roberts. "The Power of the White Rib bon," Mrs. Gelvin, Mrs. Emma Bragg and Mrs. Kircher. Music. Recitation. "Importance and Use of Dues," Mrs. Julia Glazier. "President's Address," Mrs. Uot- kin. Report of district officers. Report of auditing committee. Report of credential committee. I Election of officers ai d superin tendents. Pledcs for State and District Work. Invitations for next year's con- vention. Reading of minutes. Pr.i r. A -j Mintm-nt 8:13 Ai r.s. lm Berth Bowers. Count v Presdeuts, Andrew.Mrs. Mary Bonham. U 1 .. Star. Holt, Mrs. May Praiswater 0.-v'cn. R F D. Nodaway, Mrs. SarTu Wo;c -tt, Quitman, Atchison. Alwhjs .-ir our white ribbon, it speaks !u er U1.1 . word. Each delegate suould provide herself with pencil and paper. Any delegate desiring to speak must rise and address the chair and wait for recognition by the presiding officer. Presdent. ATTENTION, COMRADES: All comrades of Meyer Post are here by notified to assemble at the court house on Saturday afternoon, Aug. 23rd, at 2 o'clock, for the purpose of transacting such business aa may prop erly come before it. The semi-annual dues are now due and comrades are re quested to come prepared to pay their dues for the term beginning July 1st. By order of W. H. Hardmax, Commander. The State University. It should be a cause of gratification to every citizen of Miss.uri that the State University, at Columbia, is the most rapidly growing institution of its kind in the federal union. The enroll ment during the past session, exclusive of 246 entered in University extension courses. wa3 2,292. Early last fall the Boston Transcript gave the University I of Missouri second place in rapidity of growth, and this was before the opening of the Short Course in Agriculture in Columbia.the enrollment in which easily brought the State University to first place The right of the University to this claim was confirmed in November by Professor Tombo, Registrar of Co lumbia Universitv in the City of New York. After the University of Missouri other American universities ranked as follows: Indiana. Iowa, Dartmouth, Kansas, Illinois, Chicago, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Tufts College, Virginia, Georgia, Boston, Wisconsin, Cornell, Nebraska, Michigan, Yale, Columbia, Harvard and Minnesota. There is h Hrdly any doubt that next year will see 2,600 or more stu dents enrolled in the different depart ments of the University of Missouri. While the income of a number of uni versities is greater in the aggregate than that of the State University the income per student at Missouri is only exceeded by that of two similar institutions, the Universit es of Illinois and Wisconsin. In tbe present biennial period the Uni versity of Missouri will be able, through the generosity of the state and federal governments, to spend annually in the higher education of the young men and young women of Missouri the sum of $530,000, the equivalent of the interest at 5 per cent on an endowment fund of $11,000,000. The time has passed when any Mis souri boy or girl need turn from their native state for educational advantages. The development of the system of pub lic schools, extending from the kinder garten at the bottom through the grade, school and the high school to the uni versity has taken place in Missouri as is few other American commonwealths, and has brought the priceless boon of learning within reach of the humblest as well as of the most well-to-do. Mis souri can now offer educational oppor tunities equal to those of any state and far superior to those of most of her sis ter commonwealths. How Did They? The simplest and plainest laws of health are outraged every hour of the day by tbe average man. Did Adam smoke? Did Eve wear corsets? Did Solomon chew tobacco? Did Ruth chew gum? Did the children of Israel make for a beer garden after crossing the Red Sea? Did Rebecca eat gum drops and ice cream and call for soda water? I Adam wa3 the first and was made per fect from head to heel. How long would he remain so after eating a mince pie before going to bed? Suppose he had slept in a bed room five by seven with the windows down, the doors shut, and two dogs under the bed? Suppose Eve had laced herself up in a corset, put on tight shoes, sat up all hours of the night eating her fill of trash, and sizzled her hair? When you come to think of the way a man misbehaves himself, you can j only wonder he ever lived to get there, j Verily, the average man behaves little ! better than a fool. Mrs. M. K Noe, was in the city Fri day last, and gave us a very friendly call. She had just returned from Okla homa, where she had been looking after her land interests.