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BY DOBYNS & CURRY. Entered at the Postoffice, Oregon, Mo., as Second Class Matter. A Weekly Newspaper Devoted to the Interests of the Best County in the Union. TERMS: $1.50 Per Year. Watch the date following your name on the margin of the paper. It tells the date to which your subscription is paid. Friday, April 10. 1908. Arrival and Departure of Mails at the Postoffice, Oregon, Mo. MAILS DEPART: 7 :30 a. m. For Omaha &.nu Intermediate points, and all points north, east and west. 12 :00 p. m. For all points north, south, east and west, except Tarklo and Vllllsca branches. 9 :00 a. m. For St. Joseph and Intermediate points. 4:25 p.m. For Vllllsca, north, mail to all points north, east, south and west, except intermediate be tween Forest ity and St. Joseph 12 :45 ti. m. For all points north, south, east and west. Mail made up at 8:00 p. m. MAILS ARRIVE. 0:00 a.m. Omaha Malls from all points, north, east, south and west. 10:30 a. m. Villisca and Tarkio Valley branches. Malls from north east, south and west. 3 tlfi n. m. Main line K. C. St. Joe. & C. B. Mails from all points, north south, east, and west. 6 :00 d. m. From St. Joseph. t.tnn T7i Rural Route No. 1. leaves. Re turns at 2.00 p. m. t .sn -i m Rii p;l1 Route. No. '2. leaves. Re turns, 2 00 p. m. f'Tin m Rnriil Rout. No. 3. leaves. Re turns at 2 00 p. m. !.5flfi m Rural Route. No. 4. leaves. Re turns at 5:00 p. m. 7:30 a. m. Rural Route, No. 5, leaves. Re turns at 2:00 p. m. 2:30 a.m. Main line, K. C, St. Joe & O. B Mall from all points. Mali a.o made up promptly 15 minutes be fore denarting time. Mail to Fortescue. Rulo and points on the B & M. In Nebraska within 100 miles of this office, should be mailed before 8:45 a. m. In order to reach Its destination the same day. Malls for main line of K. 0., St. Joe. & C. B north and south, are made up and depart at the same time, for day trains, 12:10 p. m. OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. Circuit Court. Convenes first Monday in January; fourth Mondays In April and August. William O. Ellison, circuit judge. Geo. C. Price, prosecuting attorney. Fred W. Cook, circuit clerk. .A. R. McNulty, sheriff. Harry M. Irwin, stenographer. Frobate Court. Convenes second Mondays in February, May August and November. Geo. W. Murphy, probate judge. County Court. Regular Terms: First Mondays In Febru ary May, August and November. Henry E. Wright, presiding judge. George W. Cotten. judge 1st district. Jno. H. Hunt, judge of 2d district. Frank L. Zeller, clerk of county court. County Hoard of Health. Henry E. Wright, president. George W. Cotten.vice-president. Frank L. Zeller, secretary. John H. Hunt, 2nd District. County Board of Education. Geo. W. Reavis, Maltlaud. W. K. (J whin. Mound City. Mollii- Palmer, Crate. Collector of Bevenue, Ceo. F. Socman. County Treasurer. George W. Cummins. Recorder of Deeds. John Spcer Commissioner of Schools, Ceo. W.Reavls. Public Administrator, M.D . Walker. Superintendent of Poor. SebournOarson. Surveyor, Win. M. Morris. Asssessor, Will Kitzmaurh-e. C. W. Wyman, Conmer. Maitlanri. C. L. F.v:m, county physician. Holt County population, 17.0.:. Slate tax. 17- on 5100 valuation. County la..".0c n 51 ft) valuation. County mad !,:iv. 10 -on 100 valuation A veraai school t;ix levy. 47c per valua- t ion. CoiMity ttivatod by a'i of lesWnturo. .lan- ... ...... :t.u for Daniel Utce Holt. Of Plai 1 1: 'oinity. Oregon, t'oiinty Seat, created byclof leg' Ishiturc, .luneSl. 11 Population. l.rtil. As-e.sail; wealth. 5ti.r.li.K70. Assessable wealth, IuiiiIn town ioi and pert)nal, Lauds Town I.ot Live Stork Other pernnal :;i:i;t:o ii'.C.Stl) ijso;,i:rt Total ;,0H-.,070 Farmers pay on r.n.U,3lH) 'ftm-its nav on l.."AI.2S0 Electric lighted. Waterworks system. City tax, 73c on 5100. School tax 75e on 3100. Administratrix's Notice. u iior.hv civen. that Letters of Ad ministration on the estate of A. B. Appleman iiM,ci Ii-iva inpn trranted to the under "t V.W tiiA Pmh.itH Court of llolt County, Aflssourl. bearing date of the 31st day of K$nnim Imrinp r.l.alms acalnst said ES' tate, are required to exhibit them to her for allowance, within one year from the date of said letters, or they may bo precluded from iuinfii. of .such estate: and if said claim be not exhibited within two years from the date of this publication, they will be forever ba MRS. HANNAH 0. APPLEMAN. Administratrix. This 21st day of February, 1SKW. BELIEVES IN THE DRAG, I Secretary Ellis of the State Agricul tural Board Gives Information to Road Overseers. Geo. B. Ellis, secretary of the state board of agriculture has sent the follow ing letters to newspapers: The new road law which went into effect the first of last January is now on trial and we hot. e to see it put into effect so that a marked improvement iu our system of road work will be shown at the end of i he year. The state bord of agriculture has demonstrated the effect iveness and cheapness of the road drag in practically every county in the state. Through your paper I wish to call atten- tention to the farmers, and particularly to the everseers, of a provission in the new law for maintaining the roads with the drag. Section U, page 403, laws 1S07, provides that the overseer may contract with the farmers living along the line of road for dragging the road whenever it is necessary. Now, if the farmers will co-operate with the over seers in carrying this provision into effect and the overseers will contract with the farmers for dragging the road for so much per mile, we will see a marked difference in the condition of our roads in a short time. This will not requre the expenditure of any more money than has been made in the past but will use the money in such a way as to bring better results The plan of vol untary dragging has been a success in soniH neighborhoods but men soon be come tired of doing what they consider more than their share of road work and the dragging is neglected; but under this provision of the law the farmer agrees to the work for a stipulated price per hour and at the same time he is getting the oeoefit of an improved road along the side of his farm and for this reason will take more interest in the work and will feel under obligations to do the work at the proper time. I trust the country press will unani mously support this movement to have every mile of dirt road in the county maiutained with the drag. This may be done now with the present funds and will lead to more permanent improve ment when the funds are available. Short Courses in Agriculture for Boys. The Missouri Boys Corn Growing nnutRRt which has been conducted for two years by the Missouri Corn Grow ers' Association is being continued this reason under plans that should interest pvprv Missouri farm boy. As a feature in this contest two short couses in agri culture have been arranged for boys in terested in this work, to be given during Farmers' Convention week at Columbia in January, 1909. One course will be open to boys under BiTtefin and over ten vears of age. This course will continue one week and in elude such interesting phases of agri cultural worn as stock judging.com judg ing, testing of milk and the study of soils. It is expected that a large num ber of boys engaged in this contest will come to Columbia with their fathers or friends and take this course. The second course includes those who art over sixteen and under twenty )ears nf ncrpt And is intended to bring out the most important principles of farm prac tinn Tt will include such subjects as stock judging and the selection of farm nnimnls. the iudeino- and selection of seed corn, the principles of dairy prac tice, veterinary sirnce and fruit grow" log. mis course win mat icu uoja. A number of banks are offering echosarships to these courses for those bovs who vin first prizes in the various local shows and it is expected that nil m bpr of bovs will be able to take ad vantage of Ibis opportunity. A bulletin giving full particulars re garding these courses and also suggest ing plans for holding local contests in whifh erholarshms will be otlered as prizes has just been published by th agricultural college and will be sent o ntrntifutinn. Rverv farm bov in the state should be interested in this plan S. M. JORDAN, Secretary Mo. Corn (rowers' ass ou., Columbia, ?lo Any woman who is not an anarchis has a perfect right to talk in this coun trv A St. Louis pa-tor tells the girls of his Hock that thoy must not let young men hold their hands If some good men had their way it wouldn't be any fun to be young and foolish. Eight Month's Term. We are under obligations to our state superintendent of schools for a late copy of the revised school laws, and we de sire to call the attention of school boards to section 9751 of the law which requires that there shall be an eight month's term of school in each district, provided a tax of forty cents on the one hundred dollars assessed valuation, together with the public funds, is sufficient therefor. This means that every school board in the state must make a levy of forty cents, unless a smaller levy will be suffi cient for an eight months term. The annual meeting may increase the levy to sixty-five centBin common school dis tricts or to one dollar in town and vil lase districts as provided in section 9777 The levy may also be increased at a special meeting as provided in section 9780. EIGHTY - NINTH ANNIVERSARY. The Holt County Odd Fellows Will be the Guests of New Point Lodge, April 25th, 1908. In accordance with custom of the Odd Fellows of this county, the annual observance of the founding of the order, will be celebrated thin year by New Point lodge, and all the members of the order will be their guests, and New Point lodge is making every preparation to show their brethren a royal good time. New Point lodge is one of the strongest in the county, and nothing will be left undone to make the visit of the members of the order, one that will ever be pointed to as one of the most enjoyable in the history of these annual Catherines. The lodge at its recent meeting, decided on the following pro grame for Saturday, April 25th: PROGRAM, Saturday, April 25th, 1908: Dinner at tent, 11:30. Assemble at hall, 1:00. Exercises at Christian church, 1:30. Opening Ode, by ledges. Invocation, by Rev. T. D. Roberts. Song by choir. Address of Welcome, C. W. Lukens. Vocal music Duet. Address, by some prominent speaker. Closing address, by Prof. Coburn. Song, by Quartette. Song by audience. "Till We Meet Again. Benediction, by Rev. Henry Hardman. To bring about the success of the day's doings, the lodge has named the following committee-: Care of teams, Thos. Cain, D A. Bos- well, G. A. Brooks, Owen Leritz. On commissaries, J. C. Norris, Roy Bender, G. W. Pollock, Thos. Derr, Sherman Hardman. On queens ware, D. M. Lay, R. T Hardman. On cooking utensils, J. A. Oren, Christ. Hurst, G. E. Hornecker, K. M. Meyer. On tant, Dr. J. C. Whitsell. On smoker, A. A. Wright, C. A. Wriwht. Cleaning dishes etc., H. E. Chamber lain Lafe Kunkel, Birl Kunkel, Dan Drehpr. On tables and seats, Amos Lentz, Fred Fleener, James Cain, C. E. Wright, Frank Crawford, Chas Fields. Procuring gr mods and tent, C. W. Lukens, Alf Kunkel. Wni. Shields, Hen-y McPike. J. B. Heeie, G. W. Lentz, A. A. Wright. On lights, Dr. H. A. Hamilton, Dr. E. F. Kearney, Amos Lentz. On water, Sherman Hardman, C. A . Wriuht. The first named of each committee is the chairman of such committee, and the order looks to htm and his aids for the full and complete arrangements be longing to his department. As time goes on, it becomes more evr dent every day that there are a whole lot of things congress will not do this session. A New Jersey family kept one servant seventy ears. Perhaps the secret or it is that every family should solve its own servant problem. Johnson a Candidate. The activity of Governor Johnsou's secretary in securing delegates who would favor his chief as the Democratic candidate for President was accepted by t.h nnuntrv at laree as mute evidence of the governor's acquiescence. The first announcement of Johnson's candidacy bearing the earmarks of au tbeuticity was made by Walter Well man, but the governor repudiated, on the day following its publication, that much of it which implied permission But he did not deny the truth of ihe matter itself, het.co it is before the coun try for consideration. Tn the interview Minnesota's executive wh'le expressing the greatest admira- iim fnr Mr. Hrvati. takes occasion to im,v thi ho h-.H anv understanding of any sort with the Nebraskan. In othn words, he is free t be a candidate with nut Mr. Brvatrs permission He admits that be has been at n loss what course to pursue because of th- opinion he had (onned that Mr. Bryan wa3 the logica candidate of the party, but ho has re ceived so many letters from prominent Democrats, who, although friendly to Mr. Bryan, declare he cannot win at the polls, that he, (Mr. Johnson) regards it uc hia rlntv to nlace himself at his party's disposal. This is the substance of the published interview, but it does not begin to tell the pressure that has been brought to bear on John Johnson from men wh regard Bryan's candidacy as the death knell of the party. But there is this criticism to be made. It may not be too late to stem the Bryan tide, but surely the chances for success would have been much greater had Johnson declared himself before Bryan could all but cinch the nomination. Never ac cepting a situation as final, the Nebras kan has been marshaling his lieutenants and concentrating his forces just as if he anticipated the biggest kind of fight at Denver. And if he hasn't double-riveted clutch on the nomina tion it is not his fault, nor the fault of n,Q nrnnraatinatiner Mr. Johnson of buu f tJ Minnesota. The Best Made Better. The enlarged edition of Webster's In ternational Dictionary, recently issued, brings Webster again abreast of the growth of the language and again con firms it in its position as the one great standard authority A decade has passed since the International whb firr-t published and the years haw been full j of changes and growth in life and knowl edge and achievement; changes that have been reflected in the language and; that must now be registered in the die tionary. 25,000 new words and phrases have therefore been added to the Interna tional to include the new words that have come into literary use, the old words that have changed their mean ings, the obsolete words that have been revived. The same ideals and principles, so thoroughly approved by experience, which were followed in the body of the book, governed the work of the supple ment. There haB been the same survey and scrutiny of a great mass of words, the same careful selection of such as merit a place of permanence, and the same studious and thorough explication of meanings in the forms most easily understood. The con9ultor's needs for a reliable and usable guide to the proper use of english words have been deliberately preferred to the ability to boast of a huge, unwieldy vocabulary. The best scholarship and expert knowledge in the country have been em ployed on the supplement t" dhiko r equal in ever respect to the uiaiu vo cabulary. The St. James Gaze' to. London, Eng la-d "For teacher, student and litter tenr there is nothing better." if William Jennings Bryan should alk iu his sleep be never would gpt any est. If we can ba surer of one thing than another it is that the Bin Davis apple is not. a peach. REAL ESTATE MEOGBAPB PUBLISH RD WKKKLY BV W. H RICHARDS. OREGON, MO. OFFICE UPSTAIRS IN THE 3IOOKEBXOCK . Abstracter ana Nepllatorof Loans. Transfers for the week ending April 1908: WARRANTY DEKDS. Thos. J. Redmon to Lincoln Cooking, lots 7 8 9, block 2, Ens add Craig $4,500 Neville Dickson to Strauther . Field, pt sw and 30a nw 1-4. and pt ne 29, 60, 38; blocks 80 81 82 and lots 4 5 8 9 10 11 12, block 3 Fnrpflt fJitv 4,500 Wm. Warner to LouiBa Brown, tnta I i hWk 20. Oreeon 415 Emma Hall to Otis Biggs, lot 19, block 19; pt lot 18, block 9. Craig 3,500 Floyd UngleBto Chas. E. Keible, s2 ne 33, 62, 37, bu00 Jno C Gibson to Jaa. W. Gibson, n 20 ft lot G, block 5, Mound City 1 Geo. Martin to Andy and Mary Welch, lot 9, block 7, Forest City 65 Jno. W. Buckheld to tienry r. Brown, pt lots G and 7, block 2, Mound City, 3,750 R. G Jones to Abraham Vaughn, s2 set and se sw, 2S. 59, 37 4,200 Wm. C. Andes to Wm. Owens, pt block 8, Mound City 3,500 Chas. Loomis to Geo. W. Prophet, se ne. 26, 69. 37 1,000 E. C. Jones to Harry tt. Milne, n 30a nw ne 19, 59. 37 1.950 Amanda Adams to Uscar w. Adams, ot al Will Tne government has seized a consiun- ment of whisKy because it contains color ing m ttter. We have always understood. from observing the noses of whisKy drinker, that it all contains coloring matter And Still They Come. From the present outlook Uncle Sam's fket i.s going to do a lot of visttn.g De- fore it brings up again on the Atlantic coast. The invitation from Japan has already been accepted. Ch na's note has been laid on the desk of Secretary It-iot, and in all probability will be given a favorable reply. Report has it that New Zealand and Tasmania are curious for a sight of the American jackies, and will express their wish to the state department. And there is no teiling how many other governments will ask for the priv ilege of saying "howdy" to the great battleships. It looks as if Admiral Sperry would have a time of it before he reports in person to his government. It is as if the world had its latch string out. and every inhabitant thereof was crowding to the coast to have a look at Uncle Sam's wonderful marine spec tacle. The reception accorded Admiral Ev ans as he sailed around South America was flattering indeed, but apparently it is to be duplicated throughout the en tire trip. Of course the American peo ple are proud of the attention that is being bestowed upon the fleet, but they are prouder still of the assurance it car riesan assurance of respect and good will for the nation that floats the stars and stripes. 1 THE RAISING OF LAZARUS Sunday School Lesson for April 12, 1908 Specially Prepared for This Paper I.KSSON TEXT.-Ji.lm 1 1.1-37. Memory vt.ps 43. 44. tion u'n(1"the ihv."-Jnhn 11:23. TIMK-January or February. A. D. 30. One or threo months after the last les son. And two or three months before Jesus' crucifixion. PI.AOK.-nKhahara R. V.. Bethany) In Pon-a. Bethany, a small village on the Mount of Olives, about two milos from Jerusalem. Comment and Suggestive Thought. At the feast of the dedication, in De cember, Christ had so plainly assert ed his deity thai the .lews had sought to stone him for blasphemy; but he had escaped to I'.cthabara (Hethasy) in Peroa, the country east of the Jor dan a lown in the north over against Galilee. Christ's promise of a resurrection did not satisfy Martha. It was too general, too vague, too far ahead. She wanted her brother back that min ute. Christ met that longing by one of the most magnificent of his utter ances "that wondrous sentence which has carried hope and triumph to millions of the dying and bereaved, and will do so while time and mor tality endure." Geikie. I the living, breathing friend, whom you love. AM Am now; no vagur sometime; no postponement. THK RESURR15CTIOX The power of the resurrection, the resurrection embodied. AXD THE LIFE to conquer that grim DEATH which has come so ter ribly to your home. HE THAT BELIEVETH IX ME believing what Martha hastened to confess, that Christ was God's Son, his messenger of love to the world. THOUGH HE WERE DEAD as to his mere body. YET SHALL HE LIVE in every point that constitutes life, having even a body, and a far better one. AXD WHOSOEVER yes. though he were the chief of sinners. LIVETH with this higher life in him. AND BELIEVETH IX ME "on me." savs the Revised Version. SHALL NEVER DIE No. NEVER: Tor, though his body may perish, that will be but an incident in his continuing and triumphant LIFE. .losus. Our Resurrection and Our Life. 1. By preserving our lives daily, through countless unsepn perils that surround us perils of the disease germs floating everywhere; perils of earthquake on this thin earth-crust over hidden fires; perils of accident in our complicated life. "A thousand times, yea. every perilous moment. God saves us from dying." Phillips Brooks. uy turning our minus iumi the physical death we must an aie at length, to him and his life. "We are all passing into the likeness of that in which we believe. A man who wor ships money comes to wear the like ness of a money-worshiper down to the tips of his lingers. The Hindu who worships Brahma sleeping on the stars in immovable calm, gets to wear a fixed expression." Theodore T. M unger, D. D. So the continual thought of Christ, who overflowed with invincible life, implants that life within us. By upholding us in the very hour of physical death. "When a com munity of religious women in Paris, during the fury of the French Revolu tion, were condemned to the guillo tine, the youngest victims passed to their execution raising in serene voices the sublime hymn, "Veni Cre ator." The celestial song did not cease when they ascended the stairs of the scaffold, and the work of butchery went on. Voice after voice had to drop from the chorus, as face after faro bent under the ax: and at length one voice vfas heard alone sustaining the holy strain, oven while the bloody bladf foil and sealed the last mar tyr's testimony." Bishop Huntington. A. By awaking us. when we die, into endless life. "The time will seem no lnn'MT than the four days which .,.1 1... o-i-.il.-rrl I a7iinii; I shall have no consciousness of his tarrying. He routes as. in a moment, to awake us out of sleep." Thomas Arnold, the head of Rugby school. 5. By freeing us from the spiritual death, from sin. Massillon, the great French preacher, justly sees in the dead Lazarus an image of the sin ner: "I.ecomc a mass of worms and and corruption, he spreads Infection and stench; and behold the profound corruption of a soul in habitual sin. A gloomy napkin covers his eyes and his face: and behold the fatal blind ness of a soul in habitual sin. He, appears in the tomb bound hand and foot: and behold the melancholy sub jection of a soul in habitual sin." Free dom from this "dead body" of sin. as Paul called it, Is the most difficult resurrection; but Christ accomplishes even this. He comes into our soul, and sin must flee. "'Christ in you is the hope of glory.' "Isidore of Pelusium thinks that our Saviour did not mourn for his friend Lazarus because he was dead (for he knew that he was going to raise him from the dead), but because he was to live again, and to come from the ha ven where he was arrived, back again Into the waves and storms; from a crown which he had enjoyed, to a new encounter with his enemies. If thou dost not believe his interpretation, yet dost thou believe the thing? Dost thou consider this world's misery sc great we should rather weep that we are in it than that other are gone out of it?" Bishop Patrick, ALFALFA IN THE NORTH. Discussion of the Best Methods of Se , curing a Stand. Alfalfa for Wisconsin and the pos sibilities of growing this wonderful plant in our northern latitudes was the theme of an interesting and help ful address by Prof. R. A. Moore of the University of Wisconsin before the 190S meeting of the cheesemakers' association. Prof. Moore believes that alfalfa, while yet in its experi mental stage in Wisconsin, has come to stay. A thing most important in the pro duction of alfalfa is testing the seed for germination. In recent years al falfa seed has tested as low as ten per cent, germinating quality. Much of the germination power is ruined in the way alfalfa seed is occasionally han dled through heating before being separated, etc. The remedy for farm ers is. of course, to put the seed through a germinating test before seeding. The usual process may be followed, taking for example 100 seeds and placing these on a moistened pad of cotton cloth, a similar pad placed on the top of these between two plates, where they may be left at the proper temperature for a few days to germinate. Then remove the top plate and pad and count results. If the seed tests below 80 per cent, you may begin to feel suspicious of it. In securing this crop in these north ern latitudes the farmer should first learn how. experimenting in a small, though piactical way. Put in an acre, or a half acre, to begin with, and then start in to get conditions right. Do not seed on low. level valley. Select a gentle slope. An ideal soil for alfalfa is a clay loam on top of gravel. This plant wants a soil it can penetrate. You, who are at all familiar with alfalfa, will remember that it sends down a taproot occasion oily 10 to 15 feet and more. Where al falfa will be grown to advantage in the near future in Wisconsin is in the older, subdued soils of the south cen tral counties. Further north in the state its .development must necessa rily be slower. Alfalfa is easy on a soil. It is a legume and has the power of taking nitrogen from the air, a most wonder ful and valuable consideration. In preparation of the soil we like to sow alfalfa in rotation with other crops. We like to use a thin nurse crop of either oats or barley, preferring bar ley, if this does well on the land. Make a fine seedbed in the spring and sow one bushel of oats or barley to the acre and 20 pounds of good alfalfa seed. Put In only one or two acres at most at the beginning, and not 40 acres. We must largely learn by doing, even though we understand the principles of alfalfa growing. It is often found heat to cut this crop the first year, in order to prevent the nurse crop from smothering the young alfalfa plants. Cut the oats the flr3t year for hay and you may possibly cut a second crop of alfalfa the same sea son. In harvesting, cut in the morning after the dew is off the ground and on a fair day. In the afternoon rake into windrows and cock it up, even if it appears quite green to the eye. You will thus save the leaves through ex cessive drying off. They will not crack and become lost. I favor the use of hay caps to protect alfalfa from sun and air. It keeps the plant palata ble to stock. We like, if possible, to let alfalfa go through the sweating process in the cock before taking to the barn. REPAIRING BUGGY WHEELS. Holder Which Will Make the Task an Easy One. Make a box eight or ten inches square at the bottom and six inches square at the top, to 3 feet tall, as Fig. -j Wheel Ready to Paint. shown in fig. 1. Have your blacksmith make a screw hook and eyebolt of half-inch iron of a combined length to match the box. Screw the hook Into f Fig. 2 Support for Wheel. the shop floor, explains the Prairie Farmer, place the box over it, catch the eyebolt into the hook, place the wheel on top of the box with a board washer and tighten the nut on the eye bolt to hold the wheel while at work, as in fig. 2.