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Sail 3 a 44TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. SEPTEMBER 11, 1908. NUMBER 18. Best Place After All. 'Glad to eee you back," said the neighbor as you entered the front yard and told John Ramsay where to dump your trunk And from the house across the way. and the one next door, and all about you came that grateful salutation, "Glad to see you home again." A vacation is a mighty fine thing for a score of reat-one. It makes the aver age family more than ever content with 1 home. The old house needs u coat or paint; weeds have grown up along the front walk and the grass in the front yard needs cutting "Mother slipped a key in the front door lock and let a Hood of sunshine into the place. She can hardly wait to dust things. Sister sits down at the piano and fills the home with music, and though you J have traveled far and wide and heard performers and great orchestras, there is a something about the surroundings that makes this seem best of all. There is the eaEy chair. It, has been waiting for weeks for a tired man, and on the table are heaped books and mag azines, full from cover to cover with in terest and mental recreation. Outsidr, the children are chattering with the neighborhood colony, telling of j the wonders they have seen and the weeks of fur. that havn been theirs There has been enough material gath ered in these play days to enliven many long eveninns this winter. Yes, the best part of the summer va cation, is coming home. Mrs George Meyer, is visiting in White Cloud, Kansas, this week. Miss Hortense Dungan went to Mound City Thursday to spend the day with Miss Boda Puller. Miss Dorothea Thomas has accept ed a position as teacher of the 7ih grade in the schools at Marceline, Mo., which began Monday of this week. The apportionment of the school moneys has been made by County Clerk Zeller, and it will be found on the third page of this issue. Our Dunkard friends are holding a series of meetings at the Bethlehem church in Hickory township, and will continue indefinitely. Rev. Hardy, of j Kansas City, is conducting the meeting, j and they are increasing in both interest j and attendance. r Married, at the home of the bride's I in the Highland district, on Tuesdaj-, September 8th, by Rev. T. D. Roberts, of the Presbyterian church of New Point, Mr. Earl Conway, of Garden City, Mo., and Miss Alma Strickler, of the High land district. They are a splendid couple and we wish them a long, useful life. We acknowledge a most delightful call from J. W. Kuhn, one of the sub stantial farmers of Hickory township, and the Lincoln district, and now owner of the former Charley Cowan farm. Mr. Kuhn has been a resident of our county since 1S73, when he came here from Caldwell countv and located in the Squaw Creek district, working for Peter j Whitmer, who is now deceased. lie isa native of Franklin county, Pennsylvania, and was born in 1S19. He married Susan, daughter of Samuel Glick, and have seven children living; Anna, now Mrs. Ed. Foster, Roy C, in northern Holt; I Floyd S., George E., (Clyde and Claude,) the twins, and IvaDell, all at home. It is an interesting, devoted Christian fam ily, of the Dunkard faith, and in such people, the whole social fabric of a coun ty is always benefitted. May Mr. and Mrs. Kuhn, and his interesting family live long to enjoy the many blessings that Iconic from Him who doeth all things well. ?-0 Vft.'W''.?- SEPTEMBER 1 12 1514 5 6 H 8 9 10HJ12 15 14 15 16 17 M19 20 21 Mil 24 25 26 27l28l29l50l 1 1 AUSTRIA Gets the Reward. The board of supervisors of Gage county, Nebraska, on Friday last, allowed the claim of Sheriff McNulty, our Sheriff, for the 8500 reward offered last fall by the county for the capture of R. Mead Shumway, now under sentence to hang for the murder of Mrs. Sarah Martin. Shumwav whs charged with kiilingMrs. Martin at her home near Beatrice Neb , September 3 of last year while her hus band hud gone to the primary election to vote. For two months the murderer eluded the officers in this scute and in Kansas. He was captured once at Sen eca. Kansas, but succeeded in making his escape. He was finally taken into custody by Sheriff McNulty near this city, where he was working on a farm. The total amount of reward money re ceived by McNulty was 81,800. A Deficiency Now Sure. It is becoming more and more evident that the threatened deficiancy in meet ing the revenue apppropriations made by the recent session of the General Assem bly cannot bo averted, and that this de ficiency will exceed 81,200,000, the amount at which it was estimated by State Auditor Wilder when he warned the Assembly of the breakers ahead. Instead of giving heed to his admoni tions, he was charged with sounding a false alarm, and they continued to make appropriations. Later, however, our Governor was finally impressed with the soundness of the position taken by the State Auditor, and conditionally held up 8700,000 of these revenue appropriations, and 85C0, 0j0 for the good roads fund. It was then thought that the receipts of the state would be sufficiently large to enable it to meet all theother appropria tions, leaving the deficiency but 81,200, 0G0, composed of the two items men tioned. However, this will not be the case. The State's revenue for July,1907, was. 8318,809.45, us against 8291,732,G6 for July, 1908, a shortage of S27.07G.79, and for the month of August, 1907, the receipts were 8281,093 90, as against 8203,963.52 for August, 1908, a shortage of 875,735 38, and a total shortage in the two months alone of 8102,812.17. There is little probability that the state's revenues the remaining four months of the last half of 1903 will show an increase over the last half of 1907, and in the amount that they fall short will the amount of the deficiency be in creased. Originally, the amount held up by the governor was 8SO0.O0O, but 8100,000 of this was later released, and most of it has been drawu from the treasury, else the deficiency would have been reduced by that sum. There would, however, have been no deficiency at all, but more likely a handsome surplus, had the warning of Auditor Wilder been heeded. The Democratic legislature which disregarded the caution of this Republican official, laughing at his esti mates as a bugaboo, is wholly responsi ble for existing conditions. Frank Graham celebrated Labor Day in St. Joseph. ITS UTTER USELESXESS. Van "Winkle's Hound City Circular Is Given a Complete Dissection. The Mound City Capital Kemovers arengn;n out with a VauWinkle circular, th.t wfta evidently prepared by some Kid. for i : is bo r diculously absurd in very statement made. Listeu: Fiust: - 'A new Court Hou-e will have to be lmilt in Holt county within the next few years." Wil it? Then why r.Jt wait till it :s j(ed-u? It is a well known fact that no one ever thought of crying "a new Court House is needed" until the Capi tal Removers of Mound City set up the cry, for tbrir own selfish purposes. It is a substantial stru- ture, and ample for all needs for years to come The litiga tion of Ilo-t counu is iimoug the very lightes-- of the 23 counties of like size in the st-.te. For the past five i ears, ending December. 19U7, there was only an average of 26 com mitments, with an average of 20 days to ench commitment 'It is .ibvious that it can he built much elieaperlin Mound City, as it would save fretjrhtiiijr the material by wagon over the hills three miles, beside tearing down and re moving the debris of the old building." It cannot possibly be built cheaper in Mound City. Oregon will have a good, substantial railroad, as good in every de tail as Mound City's road, backed by such men as C. D. Zook, Albert Roecker, Daniel Zachman, W. II. Richards, T. C. Dungan, Jus. F. Bucher.Lewis I. Moore, B. F Morgan, Jacob Bucher, Henry Cook, W. A. S. Derr, A. H. Bailey, Chas. An6elment and many others, by the time the snow flies. "Second: "The desirability of a more cen tral location, which is too apparent to need argument." Why try to hoodwink the people by saying "central location is necessary?" It is not. Mound City is as far from the north line as Oregon is from the south line. She is G) miles from the geo. grapical center, and Oregon but 8 miles. One third more people are served by rural mail from Oregon, than Mound City. A more central location is not needed, because better railroad facilities cannot be had by the proposed removal. It is a will known fact, that Forest City has the best railroad facilities in the county, and hence the easier of access. Would the authors of this great circular, argue that because Mound City is nearer the geographical center, her location as a county seat would be better than For est City; it is a known fact she is the most accessible of any town in the Platte Purchase, except St. Joseph. Second to Forest City, in accessibility is Oregon, for Ehe has direct connection with 12 passenger trains daily. Third The circular estimates the cost of a new court house at 878,000. Any child knows there will have to be a jail too, and most any body knows with the present price of material, that it could notbedonefor87S,000. Itisourcon scientious opinion with the cost of labor and material at the present time, a new court houso and jail would cost, not less than 8125,000, and taking into consider ation that the bonds will run for 20 years, it will be interest added, at least 8200,000, that the county will pay for tb.19 luxury; "of chairs and seats for the weary" that come to their town to trade and build up the town, and Mound City will only have to pay one-sixteenth of the cost. Now this 8200,000 is iyz per C3nt on 88,000,000 taxation, and when a man who owob 1G0 acres, and under the late State Board of Equalization is about 81,000, or exactly 8100. Does that look like "85 33 each year" for three years as stated by this ciroular It really is 85 a year for 20 years or 820 a year for five years, or 833 33 a ear for three years. There is today in force in Holt county mortgage indebtedness equal to 810 per acre on every acre of land in Holt coun ty, whether improved or unimproved. Why put an additional mortgage upon these lands, when the occasion is an ab solutely useless one absolutely no necessity, for the present court house is ample for all needs. The circular states that the town lots and personal property "A'ould pay one half the amount" the truth is, the town lots and personal property would only have to pay one-fifth In plain fig ures, the total valuation of town lots and personal is 81,5S2,2S0; the farmers would have to pay on 80,500,000. The farmers of Forest township on basis of percapita valuations would have to pay on land valuations 810 more, and on personal valuations 853 more than Mound City. Union township farmers on their lands S1G3 per capita more than Mound City. Minton township farmers on their lands 8150 more than Mound City. Bigelow nearly 8300 per capita on land values and 818 on personal values in exceBs of Mound City. Lincoln town ship 8123 on personal and 8153 on land more than Mound City. Clay, 8359 on lands and 8S9 on personal, more than would Mnund City. H cltory wouhl pur up 8415 on lands to Mound Cit's reals owners 8161. and 8162 to Moun.i City's 893 on personal vtln' This circular ? y "Mr.und City will donate." They ae able i eihap-; to stand alone and do i bu' why .10 't if the people vote the cou't hou-ie to them? The Holt countv people will th- n be tied up. their conn seat will b I ca ted. at,d Mound C ty will not bo ieira K bound io pay there will be no contrac to bi'd them; they will be free, and In iv made 'suly a promise that they are not legally bound to fulfill. When iu:n c-msidr their wn per sonal outlay wh-n yoing to c urt they will find it less, much less, than the out lay and inconvenience of moving the court house very few could dri' e, or 'f thy could, they would not care to drive to the county seat and back the same day. ar.d when they do no! o0 back the: same da, the keep of a u-um will more than balance the extra cost of railroad fiire. "Then again the savins in the mileage of witness and jury fees want lo be taken into consideration." The difference would b- from BL'elow to Oregon as to Clay, Union, Liberty. Bigelow and Benton, while the proposed change would incre -.se the cost by jurors and witnesses going from Forbes, Lewis, Forest, Nodaway and Hickory, while their individual expense a-jcount would bo double what it is under present con ditions. The juror or witness from Forbes if discharged after dinner would have to stay until the following morning to reach his home by rail. In fact the great bugbear in this whole thing that Mound City cannot answer is the utter uaelessness of it Should the capital of the United States be moved to Missouri? And who is so dumb as not to know that if the state capital was at St. Louis or Kansas City, instead of Jefferson City, that it would be handier for the whole people of the state. Central location does not amount to anything only to those who want hd expensive job put on the county, and no return to the county as a whole. One thing must not be lost sight of, that Mound City will not try to move the court house for the benefit of the county aB a whole, but merely for the benefit of Mound City, and nobody was clamoring for a new court house. If sincere in her pretentions in advocating a removal for the best interests of the whole people, why not take down the petition, and first submit the proposition for bonding the county for a new court house, and then let the people vote as to where it shall be located? It seems to us that Mound City has adopted Napoleon's famous wail at Waterloo, "Save himself who can." Our Schools. The people of Holt county are justly proud of their schools. They should be, for the report of the vanousclerksehows that Holt county schools stand at the top of the system in Missouri. Holt county people realize that parsimony toward education means liberality to ward crime. Give the boys and girls plenty of the best literature aud put the school build ings in first class shape, make all the surroundings attractive and you will de velop the best traits in the pupil's character. Don't be content with con ditions as they are, make them better. Some ways in which the conditions may be improved: First: The Director's part It is the duty of the Board of Directors to pro vide all things necessary, build up the library, furnish maps, charts, plenty of material for use of teacher and pupils. Have the school house kept neat and and clean, well heated, lighted and ventilated. Visit the school, see that the janitor complies with the instructions of the Board. Spend what money is needed to give your chil dren the best in the land. Second: The Teacher's part The teacher should use a definite course of study, grade the school, teach the eight grades and teach them well, inspire the pupil to complete the eighth grade and attend Rural JGraduating Exercises next spring and get High School En trance Certificate. Don't scold and nag: be kiud, but firm. Show the pupil an ideal, have him work for it, help him at tain toward it. If you receive 8-10 per month, teach a 850 school. Development comes from within, if you want more money next year, earn more than you get this year. Third: The Parent's part -Send the children on time, speak well of the teacher, visit tho school, encourage edu cation, see that your school is among the best.J Consult the teacher when things go wrong; if your boy does not get good grades, visit the class and see who is to blame. Let us all co operate and make this the best school year of the best school county in the state. Geo. W. Reavis, County School Commissioner. OUR CHOICE. We are more than pleased simply delighted to announce to our readers, that Assistaut Attorney General John Kenuish has yielded to his friends, and has filed his announcement of his candidacj for the United States Senate. Many of the most prominent Republicans of our state have been solici'ing Mr Kennish to enter the race, and not until the conference of prominent leaders a week ago, failing to agree upon Mr. John C. McKinley, and the opposition to Mr. R. C Kerens, did Mr Kennish yield to these solicitations. Kennish is the sixth to announce his candidacy. The others are David W. Hill, John C. McKinley, R. C Kerens, Joe Black and Chauncey I. Filley. Mr. Kennish was the candidate for supreme judge against Judge Woodson in in 1906 and was beaten by only 9,000 votes. He was solicited to run for attorney general, but decliued to get in that race. Mr Kennish being from Holt county ,and being of Senatorial Calibre, it affords The Sentinel pleasure to announce his candidacy. We need snch men as John Kennish and William Warner in the Uni''d States Senate. August Weather. Augusta, Georgia, suffered severely from a flood, on the 26:b, that damaged the city and surrounding country many millions of dollars. Jack frost appeared in northern Iowa and parts of Minnesota, North Dakota and northern Wisconsin, on the 23d. At Davenport, Nebraska on the 9th after a heavy rain, the ground was cov ered with little frogs. The month here has been unusually wet and the temperature some four de grees below the normal, and the rainfall 250 inches greater than the normal, and 1.71 inches above the normal in 1907; hence August for the past two years bus been unusually wet. On the 26th, the southern part of Clay township was visited with a heavy wind storm that damaged the growing corn greatly and greatly injured the fruit It was accompanied by a severe electrical storm, and the barn of Harry Robinson and a large quantity of grain and hay were destroy ett by the lightning Peter Fryman, in Nodaway township, also lost a barn by lightning. The rain fall in the northeastern part of the county was reported at five inches, while in this lo cality the rainfall was 2 50 inches. On August 30th, 1907, Clay township suffered by a severe hail storm. The heaviest rain ever reported in the north east part of the county was in 1S93, when 7 inches fell on the 13th and 11th of August, while in 1907 on the 15th, 230 inches of rain fell in this lo cality. We had no frost during the month; but wo have had August frosts; these were iu 1855, 1863, and in 1906. The hottest days of the month for 190S was 93 degrees on the 3d and 5th; on the 2nd, in 1862, it was 108, and on the 11th in 1874, it was 107. The normal temper ature for August is 76; for the month just passed the mean was 72. The cool est day of the month was 52 degrees or. the 20th. At this station tho extremes for the month of August, 1908, have been: DATE. MAX. DATE. MIN. 2. 92 8 55 3 93 20 52 4 92 21 51 5 93 23 51 1G 91 24 55 Mean maximum, S3. Mean Minimum, 51. Mean, 72. The rainfall for the month was G.G3 inches; greatest in 21 hours,-was 2 50 inches on the 20th. The South Methodist Appointments. The South Methodist Conforenc re cently held at Hannibal, made the fol lowing appointments for this section: Rev. C. H. Werner, who has been in charge of the St. Joseph Centenary church, has been sent to Forest City. He has a family. Tarkio chapel has been added to the Forest City charge. Rev. L. M. Aldridge, formerly located at Ravenwood, has been sent to the Craig charge, and Corning and Pleasant Valley charges added to Craig. When a man hits his "affinity" with an ax or a stovelid it seems safe to guess that he is coming out of it. Trouble Begins. Our public school opened Monday, with everyib.ii g in favor of a successful vear. The little girls, with hair neatly braided and hanging down their backs, w re ha our streets early, hurrying toward the school building, eager for lessons to begin. The little lads Ugged along liuipint; on an imaginary sore foot or hoping they might be spized with some violent pain as an excuse for ab sence the first day; yet dreading the thought of castor oil or being confined to bed. The musiC;.pf tLe old bell set the pend uhioi of Djomg-s.'iugi: gin the mind of the wiiter. It covered an expanse of ye.irs ai d awekentd thoughts of other days when he too ai.swerrd i'BSummons. Doleful enough it sr- rued then, but the music was there nevertheless It brought to biti visi. n another crowd of brght faced hots and girls, many of whom have now completed life's journey all of whom have expmonced life's re spoiibibilhie?. Our public school svatem is the Gib raltar of our civilization. It is a lesson which cumes late in iff to most of us, but there is no densng it K-ep the boy and girl in school at any cost. Teaoh them that the public school is the oren door to a euccessful life. Teach them to lo .k upon their teachers as friends and helpers. The parent can do much to make school life pleasant and easy. Vou owe it to your child. Superintendent Tate arrived the lat ter part of last week, and while we have not yet met his assistants, we un dorstund they come with the best of credentials, and have made a very favor able impression; they are backed up in the work by an able aud efficient corps of teachers. We bespeak for each and every one of them, a highly satisfactory and success ful school year. The Echool will be in charge of Ernest Tate, of Columbia, graduate of our State University, as superintendent. Miss Lois Welty, of this city, gradu ate of State University, as principal. Miss Abrah Cary, of Breckenridge, graduate or Park College, will have the science department. Miss Clerc Hat dinger, of Pattonsburg, graduate of our State University, will have charge of the mathematics. Miss Nell Frye, department 5. Miss Myrtle Peret, department!. Miss Maude Alkire, department 3. JJMiss Julia Kunkel, department 2. Mrs. G. W. Murphy, primary. Dorotha Fields of Maryville, will have charge of the colored Echool. No game seem3 too small for Col. Bryan. His itinerary includes Madison Square Garden, N. V., September 17th, at whieh time and place he will shoot his cannon mouth at Debs and hi9 party. It will be remembered that on the date named, Deb3 will be on the Pacific Slope. And now comes President Gompers, through tho columns of the American Federations,and charges that the social ist campaign f and, especially that part providing for the "Bed Special" railway train is borne by the capitalists. Lucky boy, Debs.