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9m OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1908. NUMBER 29. 44TH YEAR. WA S" il NOVEMBER V i A l Two Out of the Eight. Of the eight amendments to the state constitution submitted to the people at thft lat election, two received a major itv. and will take effect without delay. I One of the amendments passed provides j for the initiative and referendum in this state A similar amendment was reject ed at the polls a few ybBrs ago. The nrni'iuinn rncc n.'iSHftd PinablBS eitlht Oer nt of th lpcrnl vntpr in nt legist two- thirds of the congressional districts, by petition, to propose new laws or consti tutional amendments. In the referen dum as adopted 5 per cent of the voters of two thirds of the congressional dis- tricts can call for a popular vote on laws passed by the legislature. About 38,000 voters, properly distributed, cou'd set the initiative in motion, and about 25, 000 could call for the referendum. The other amendment passed relates to the road and bridge improvement. It authorizes county courts and township boards to levy a tax not exceeding 25 cents on the 100 valuation to be used for roads and bridges. It is now in or der for the citizens of Missouri to study thoroughly the additional direct action for tbemselveB, which they have pro vided by adding the initiative and refer endum to the constitution. The New China. A few years ago the death of a Chinese Emperor would have beeu of no concern to the United States. Today conditions hae so changed that the policy of China , is of realimportance to the rest of l"e , world. The combined import and export trade of the United States and China 10 years ago waB 32 million dollars. In 1007 it reached 59 millions. Already business men are lookinc forward to a great de- jAl.mmf.nt of the O.iental market so rhat . thn Chinese Emnire. with its 400 million people, shall becomo one of the important customeis of Uncle Samuel, A 11 n hnr rnnmdnrntinns apido. it is of preat moment, for commercial reasons alone, that the new process of moderniz- i nrr ntiimi ahnll hn mni n tftl llfid under the aew regime. A beginning had been made are always to be taken with large allow- United States senators. The sehction under the rule of that strange, but tal- ances, for the reason that the corn crop 0f a n)an because ho is popular may jeo- ented woman whoso death has r-cent'y never really Tails. The harvest varies pardise the material interests of the peo been announced. Already the ancient from year to year in volume, but corn is pie There is nothing in popular govern- classical examinations for political office so exactly adapted to the soil and c:i- nient so unsatisfactory as misrepresen have given way to a modern system in i mate of this part of the world that there tation when it can bo measured by dol- which knowledge of current problems ! 'B always enough of it somewhere in the iar nud cents. This fact is now appar- is requisito. Already a decree has;countrv- ent to the people of Oregon, but how the prepared the way for parliamentary gov-! Local corn failure may occur, and 3tato can escape from its predicament is eminent. ' i cause local hardships and raise serious difficult to foresee. These changes, it is inferred, are ap-' problems of distribution But the area . proved by the new regent who is under-' over which corn may be profitably grown More Pay tor legislators, stood to be committed to progress. It ', is so immense and its productiveness is Secretary of State Swanger has com is impossible to make owr a nation in a so enormous that the nation as a whole pleted his official tabulation of 5,the vote dav or a generation. But it may be 13 oever really short of corn. cast at the late election, on the first con hope:! that under Prince Chun the em-! Reproducing itself more abundantly stitutional amendment, and to the great pire will continue that revitalizing pro- with less labor than any other food surprise of the eople, it has been adop gress which eventually will make it a grain, the first crop of tho pioneer and ted by a vote of 107,652 for ar.d 17G.7GG 2 i .v,r,r5o,-, n.r.i,i i the most wideU' and continuously useful against. - Mrs. Mary Hosletter left Thursday for Amazonia, where she will visit for a few weeks with her daughter, Mrs Em ma Beever, and will then go to Anadar ko, Okln., to spend the winter with her daughter, Mrs Sam Schulte. 1 12 15 14i 5 16 17 8910 lil2!3Ii 15 16 EM 192021 222524152728 29 3 I SPAIN Poor Little Anna The cable disp.ttches tell that thJ Princess de Sagan is about to make her second appearance in tho divorce courts After having been married five or six months to the cousin of h-r first bus- band, Anna Gould seems to nave rounu that her later choice was as unfortunate as tha earli-r one. I he rumor is denied, but it comes back persistently, and no one will be surprised if it proves to be the tru' h. Over in this country there is a feeling that the oung daughter of the late Jay r; nlr hnR lntn hs unfortunate as un- wise There will hardly be much satis- faction overBher second misstep. Most of the onlooking world of newspaper readers predicted, when the Countess de Castel lane became a French princess, which is lo Princess at all under the new regime, that the thine that has happen- ed would happen. The wild scramble- twice across tho Atlantic, all over Man hattan Island and through South Eu rope to Englaud -was enough to indi cate for most people that the Countess Anna had spiders in her ceiling, as her French compatriots say. Had Anna Gould chosen a husband from among her own people, it may be, of course, that- she would have struck the divorce court with the same precis ion that characterized her adventure in France; but we are just sentimental enough to believe that if this small and pretty daughter of old .lay Gould had I but believed that honest hearts are more Bhe would not atthistime find Lersolf doding newspaper report- erg ! King Corn! This is the season whn public inter est centers in the corn crop aud when i the prospects of us dimensions decide i the fate of h11 sorts of projects. ' This universal interest in corn is a just tribute to the most cuaraoteriftic or American agricultural products -the one ! upon which, above all others, the wel fare of the American people depends. Vet gloomy views of the corn outlook i of the soi.'s products, supplying the i food wherewith a continent was con- quered for civiliza'ion, completely American in origin and nourishing no where better than on its native soil, the foundation and mainstay of the ropub lie, es symbol of American ideals, and b?st ift of his Creator to man great is corn! Heligious Liberty. It was proper that a declaration on the subject of religious 1 berty should be made succeeding the campaign in which President elect Taft was attacked on the grouud of his church affiliation; and it was proper that th:s declaration should carry with it the weight and influence of so authoritative a persjn aB th Presi dent of tho United States. It was wholly becoming for the head of the nation to affirm, in the direct and vigorous style employed by hiru in tl-e fulfillment of that duty, the principle responsible for tho creation of the American Republic - Religious Liberty. In the treatment of this import mt subject. President Roosevelt suits his actions to his words and Irs words to his actions In his administration he ha? borne out most amply his professions of liberality. In the cabinet of tho Presi dent there set, side by aide, Protestant and Catholic, Christian and Jew. This, if not orthodox, is surely and undeni ably American. It affirms, exactly, tin spirit and the idea which led tho Pilgrim Fathers to seek a habitation amid sav age, trioes ami upon in nospnauiu sun. . , - , i.i.i. :i where they might worship God with the sanctou of I heir own conscience. lie that doeth righteousness ierighte ous. ' mat is tne test oi spiritual justi fication laid down in holy writ Tha' makes a religious platform broad enough for all to stand up:m who are pure, and upright and who honor things that are f good report. And that is Christian itv in its widest and fullest sense, as well as A merican. As keen a philippic as was uttered by Jesus of N iz.ireth was bestowal upon the Pharisoe who went up to tho temple io tha k God that he was not the other men. Jesus hated hypocrites and pre tenders, lie openly avowed His prefer once for publicans and sinners.as against the inflated bL'ots who assumed that they alone were right. The world in general has moved a lit tie too far on to add h ro to thesupersti tion that any mje L.reei Cfin ciaim a raonopniy of truth and inerrancy; much jeg., js there room for such absurd fcssil jm in vvhftt ig profe5seJly the free; country (,n the globe. Lot comfort descend upon and en'er tU6 hearts of those "truly gocd" persons wno have been distressed by the thought tbat the election of Mr. Taft as Presi dent wouid .rob them of their Jesus Let them firs: seek diligently to learn by a careful pursjit of the graciouB pre cepts of Jesus whether they possess Him; and then by a fair and honest ex animation of Mr. Taft's private life and public service, to discover whether there jg tne slightest cause for the Hpprehen sj0D taat he will use the iufluence of hi n,gll 0fRce to up set or disturb any hop or expectation of any heart or soul that prizes and practices true righteousness Oregon's Predicament. At their primary elections the peopl of the state of Oregon expressed a de cided preference for George E. Cham berlain. a Democrat, to represent the state in tho United States senate. Th legislature elected contains a majority pledged to vote for him. At the presi dential election the people of that stale gav the electoral vote of the state iiift. INow thay are wondering where they are a', as regards the state's repre sentation in the U liled States senate As a Democrat lYlr. Uhambenaiu may be expected to vote with his party. O the tariff question he may have to vote to reduce the duties on lumbi-r.althougl Oregon as a lumber state has been par ticularly prosperous under a high tariff on lumber. If Mr. Chamberlain, recog nizinc the interests of his state, should vote against his party, he would be in verv embarrassing position throughou his term of office. He must either sacri fce his state or his party, while, on lb other hand, his slate must prosper or auffer according to the course he sha pursue. Oregon's predicament well illustrates ony Qf m:o difficulties of direct vote fo This amendment fixes the pay of members of the general assembly at $750 a year. Heretofore they have been al lowed 65 a day for 75 days and SI a day thereafter, excepting during the revis ing sessions every 10 years, when they are entitled to So a day for 120 days. Its Gmelich by Thirty Votes. On the face of the total footings of the precinct votes, . I acob F. Graehch, Ke ublican. is elected lieutenant governor f Misouri. by a plurality of 30 vo'es ver his Democratic opponent. William Painter. The totals, hs made after the precincts bad all been footed, are: melich, 34.015: Painter, 317,535; Gme- hch's plurality, 30. This, however, will not settle the mat ter, which cannot be definitely deter mined until the general assembly in joint session officially canvass the re- urns. Mr. Painter claims his election the ground that amended returns from several count es inditate that he as a majority of 35 over Gmelich. These amended ra.urrs were not admired to ho totals b the secretary of state, but were tabulated separately by him, and ill be turned over with the other re- urns for the legislature to pass upon. So one of the c osest contests for a s ate fiice in the hist .ry of Missouri will re main undetermined for several weeks et After it was found that tho race was use, amended returns were sent in by the countv clerks of Audrain, Char. ton Dunklin, Lincoln, Linn, Webster, Worth nd Mississippi counties. Each of these eounty clerks is a Democrat. Of the mended counts those from tho six coun ties first named, showed a total of C5 otes in Painter's favor. But the re turns lrom aiissi srppi county were ou otes in favor of Gmeiich. The count clerks of tho other counties did not sa how they reached their figures, but tbr county clerk of Mississippi said the tally sheets of one precinct showed 30 more votes for Gmelich, than the returns showed. Painters attorneys refuse to consider the correction from Mississippi county because the tally sheets are held not to be cffijiul. But if they hold lo that proposition, Painter must los9 43 votes in Holt county, because of the fail ure of ihe Bigetow precinct judges to certify to their reiurnp, which would wipe out the Painter 35 plurality as claimed. To claim the election of Painter the Damocra's must figure some technical itv in their favor und shut out all others fo let in no corrections would increase (JmfiliM.i's nluraiitv. and to shut out till corrections would leave Gmelich in the lead by 110 votes. If Democrats seat Painter in tho face of unfavorable returns it is i ot impos sible that the Republicans will retaliate hv unseal in? some membeis of the house, enough in fact to make tho legis lature Republican on joint ballot. The Republicans contend that if it is right for the Democrats to unlawfully make a lieutenant governor it is right for the Re publicans to steal a United States sena tor. No actual threats have been made beyond the suggestion that this election is going to be decided fairly. If might is used to overturn right on one side, il will be used on the other. The time was when the Democratic majority in Missouri was so great that victory for its ticket was known to have been won even before the polls closed, but that time is no more. Today, in fact, MisHouii has gone 6n strong'y against the erstwhile powerful D. mo cracy that it practically tit.ds itself forced to rely upon the action of the general assembly to determine whether or not, upon "amended returns," it has elected a candidate on its state ticket, while it only pulls others through by majorities several times smaller than are returned in some of the counties on their local tickets. The footings on these revised offi ial returns give the following result: President: Taft, 340,915; Bryan, 345, 837. Tafts plurality, 1.U2G. Governor. Hadley, 355,270: Cowherd, :t37.803. Hadley's plurality, 17,402. Lieutenant Governor Jacob F. Gme lich, Republican. 347,615; William R Painter, Democrat, 347,535. Plurality for Gmelich, 30. Secretary of State John E. Swanger, Republican, 347,531; Cornelius Roach, Democrat, 343,157. Plurality Roach, 620. State Auditor -JessH Tollcrton, Re publican. 316,503; John P.Gordon, Demo crat, 34i),320. Plurality for Gordon, 2, 826. State Treasurer W. F. Maring, Re publican, 346,373; James Cowgill, Demo crat, 340,485. Cowgill's pluality, 3,112. Attorney Goneral Frank B. Fulker scn, Republican, 347,443; Elliott W. Ma jor, Democrat, 319.0!)1. Plurality for Major, 1,650. R lilroad and Warehouse Commission erWilliam V. Wilder, Republican, 310,004: John A. Knott, Democrat, 343, 058 Plurality for Knott, 1,061. Ju'igeofthe Supremo Court Argus Cox, Republican. 316,327; W. V. Graves, Democrat, 349.316. Plurality for Graves. 2.9S9. On the national ticket the Socialists polle 15,393 votes, the Prohibitionists 4,222, the People's or Populist 1,165, In dependence 397 and the Social Labor 867. Labor and Courts. In an impassioned plea to the Amer ican Federation of Labor, assembled in annual convention at Denver, last eek, Samuel Gonip-'rs declared. "Our stand ing is menaced by the courts of law." In undertaking to sustain this state ment, he cited the supreme courts in terpretation of the Sherman anti-trust law as applicable to organized labor. Continuing ho said: Labor organiza tions are now conspiracies and combina tions in restraint of trade." It will probably occur to every think ing mau that the standing of organized labor is not menaced by the courts so much as by the legislative branches of government. The courts do not make tha laws; they simply decide tho appli cation of them, and whether or not they couform to the fundamental law of the ountry. In this way the supreme court decided that organ zed labor uuder cer tain conditions could be a combination in restraint of trade. The definition of the law permitted this decis on; indeed, required it. Therefore it is difficult to see how the court could have done other wise. It tne court hail decided contrary to the law. while the law conformed to tbe constiuitiun, it would have subjfet ed itself to criticism of au entirely dif ferent kind, and would have lost the confidence of all citizens irrespective of their relations to organ-zed labor. Organized labor is not the only party to suits at law that has received adverse decisions in our courts. Organized capi tal has received 10 adverse decisions to labor's on. Vet organized capital has never condemned it, nor failed to recog nizo the fact that the legislative branches of government are primarly responsible for laws corsidpred detrimental to iheir intere.-ts. Mr. G. certaiuly must be los ing his head Has Too Many Wives. II. A. Goff. about 2j years of age, is now boarding with Sheriff McNulty charged with bigmany. He is said to have a wife and two children at Des Muines, Iowa, and on September 16, he and Miss Lunile Grimes, of this city were manied by Esquire McDonald. The clew came to Sheriff McNul'.y, by aletier, coming to his Oregon wife which had been forwarded here and ad dressed to Goff, which was opened bj wife No. 2, and the letter came from his- father, at Des Mi ines, Iowa, telling Goff that his wife and children wero well This was news indeed to No. "2. and so indignant did 6he become, that she im mediately looked up Sheriff McNulty and turned the letter over to him. Our sheriff immediately took up the matter, and put himself in touch with the Des Moines authorities, and the re suit was the father and brother of wife No 1 came here and swore out a war rant, charging Goff with bigamy. 3 Sheriff McNulty then went to work on the case He leamed that Goff was a solicitor for ihe Olney Music Company of St. Joseph, Mo., and learned that b was at Burliugton, Kas. He called a the firm's place of business in St. Jo seph, on Thursday, and had the Arm to call him in by phone, on important busi ness. That evening Sheriff McNulty aided by a couple of the St. Joseph de tectives, took positions near the Oinej store, and in due time Gff made hisap pearance, and was about to enter the store, when he whs arrested. The ruse calliug Guff into St. Joseph was fcr th purpose of getting him on Missouri soil and thus avoid requisition papers. The accused man has but little to say but we understand he stated to W. Araick, his St. Joseph attorney, that his mother had written him that his Des Moines wife had secured a divorce from him on the ground of desertion. The father and brother of wife No claim that. Goff had deliberately desert ed his wife white in a delicate condition and that he had never seen hi- socon child, which had been born since thed sertion. His preliminary was set for Saturd;! last, he waived, carrvme the case over to the January term of the circuit cour Goes Broke. Devotion to the affairs of the estate of his brother, Albert, who was heavily i terested in traction properties in the East, has cost Mayor Torn L. Johnson, of Cleveland. O , his fortune. Practi cally every dollar has been swept away. and he aunouoces that te wiil be corn-. polled to give up his beautiful homo on i hlnclid avenue, and move into smaller and lesa expensive quarters. Mrs Howard Gould thinks 52 0.000 a year abjut right for a lad" to live on. It is assumed that a woman could get along on much lfjs. A Pennsvlvania woman aired S5 drop ped dead while paying her t .vs. A wo man of that ag" should be drawing a pension instead of paying taxes. Mrs. G. W. Cummins entertained her friend, Mrs. George Gskill, of Craig during the '"Mum" show. The Annual Mum Show. The thirteenth annual Chysanthemum tow is over, and was equal in every re peat to the shows of previous years. This event is alwajs anticipated with easure by our citizen-?, for there it is that old friends meet, and acquaintances are renewed, as many of our former cili zens take this time to revisit their old ome. This year was no exception. there being many out of town visitors. The circuit court room, whero the exhibit was held, was beautifully deco rated with ropes and garlands of ever- reen, hung from the four corners of the room and meeting in the center. irectiy over the orchestra. A platform as built in the center of the room to accomodate the Oregon orchestra, whoso music added greatly to the pleasure cf the visitors every evening. Around the alls, tho displays wero arranged in a pleasing and artistic manner, while in the alcove on the south side of the room. bad been arranged a bazar, whero fine needle wo k and patted plants were on sale. Altogether, tho room presented a rilliant and pleasing picture, to bo re called with only the happiest of memo- ies. George P. Doran, of St. Joseph, was udge and rnad the following awards: Finest and largest collection, Mrs. Eliza Cummins. Finest yellow, Golden Wedding, Mrs, Eliza Cummins. Finest red, Black Hawk. Mrs. Sarah Ramsay. Finest pink, Waban, Mrs. Sarah Ram- sav. Finest white, Belle of Castlewcod, Mis3 Anna Conn. Largest bloom. Golden Wedding, Mrs. Anna Markland. Charles J. Koock offered a silver chry santhemum spoon for the best arranged collection, and tnis premium went to the exhibit made by Mrs. Anna Schulte, Mrs. Mary Curry and Mrs. Mina Curry. In the cut for tbe spoon, Mrs. Schulte Those who raised chrysanthemume aud exhibited them this jear, were: Mesdames. Eliza Cummins Anna Markland Lena Rostock Elizabeth Lehmer Lottie VanBuBkirk Sarah Ramsay Agnes Davidson Emmma Moore Frances Montgomery Mary Curry Mina Currv Anna Schulte Maliuda Marsh Charlotte Curtis Dora Trice Misses Anna Conn Kate Barbour Boo'ie Price Will They Stop? Last Friday, the 20th inst , the people of Forbes had a hearing at Amazonia before the Railroad and Warehouse Commissioners of the state of A?issouri to try to compel the Burlington Rail road Company to stop the Omaha train, morning and evening, Nos. 26 and 27, at Forbes. Several railroad officials were present, including Mr. Lalor, general passenger agent of lines west of Missis sippi river. Mr. nice, division superin tendent; Mr. Nelson, of St. Joseph, at torney; Mr. Gray, of the freight depart ment, and others. The commissioners present were Mr. Weightman and Mr. Ogles' y, together with Assistant Attor ney General Kennih, nf Jefferson City. The people of Forbes were repre-ent-ed by J A. Williams, W. S. Hodgin, Pe ter Raiser, Mr. Metcalf, Judge Cotten and a number of others from Forbes, Mr. Linviile and another traveling man, of St. Joseph; R. C. Benton and Harry Dungan as attorney, of Oregon, and George Click, ot Mound City. On ac count of the limited time the hearing lasted only about throe hours and the commission took the matter under ad-visemt-nt and promised to let the people of Forbes kcow at anearly date, whether the tra ns should bo stopped or not. This would give the people of Forbes trains to the rest of the county and especially between Forbe3 and Oregon to attend court business. They drive now but the train service would be greatly apprec ated Bryan May Get One. In Tying to complete the vote ea-t up for presidential electors, Governor Folk and Secretary Swanger found them selves in a quandary on Monday of this week. It was discovered that one of tho Republican electors-at-largo. H. W. Kiel, of St Louis, run 237 votes behind the Democratic dis-rict elector. The ques tion at ence came up if the delegation ! .vould not be composed of L7 Republi cans and orie Democrat. W.J. Diffenduff-r, Republican dis trict doctor in the 16th district, ran ahead of tho highest man on the Repub lican t'ck"t and jet had fewer vo'es in the district alone than hi- Democratic competitor. Brannock wan not running for elector at-iargo nor whs Diff-nduffr runniog for that place, and yet, both of them have the highest votes of their re spective parties in tho state. The governor and secretary will make a recount before they make official an nouncement of the vote, and the matter will remain undecided for the time being.