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OREGON Chautauqua, July 24, August 1st, COME HOME JULY 27, 1909. 44TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1909. NUMBER 48. ' A 8VT. MON. TUE. it 1 s s 11.12 13 1 15 16 17 18 19 gO gjgates 84 85lg8lg7rg8lg9l80l April in Local History. 3, 1840 The first school house was built. 3, 1871 Marshal Bryan fell from train between Craig and Bigelow; brought to Forest City and died the following day; his ticket read "Salt Lake to Ke w.York." 3, 1882 Jesse .Tames killed in St. Jo seph; this, paper published an- 8-coluran supplement giving particulars. . 3, 185)1 S. M. Glass' store at Forest City, robbed; $100 in cash and goods taken. 3, 1900 Edgar Mann was killed by the kick of his horse. 4,1860 The city of Oregon by ordi nance exempted all ministers from taxation: Peter Price as major signed the ordi nance, and Sam Ruley as clerk. 4, 1807 The Presbytery of the upper Missouri met at Oregon and held a four days' session. 4, 1891 II. P. Springs sold the Mait land Herald to C. J. Bronson. 4, 1891 Riffe & Ford store at Craig was robbed. 4, 190i George" Meyer celebrated his golden wedding. 5, 1841 First suit was filed in justice court Win. Stephenson vs. Larkin Packwood. 5, 18(50 Lutitia, the two year old daughter of Levi Kunkel, was burned to death. 5, 1893 The body of Charles Isley was found in Tarkio near Guil- liams mill. 5, 1895--Corbet Stutsman, age 18 months died from licking lye from a case knife. 5, 1898 Burrel Evans suicided by hanging. 0, 1883 Will Minton bought theZook merchandise stock at Forest City. 0, 1887 George B. Chadduck appoint ed treasurer to fill vacancy caused by the death of Edgar L. Allen. 7, 1808 .Tames S. Hart was elected mayor of Oregon. 7, 1841 The planting of the first ap ple orchard was begun by Abe Brown in 10, 59, 37. 7, 1857 Oregon became a special school district first, in thej count, j 7, ltwl L. JJ. Jvnowles opened a select school at Bigelow. 7, 1871 A large tract ofjtimber near Forbes was burned. 7, 1877 The. High school grove at . Oregon was planted first ar bor daj in the county .ZSHZ 7, 1881 Buck Slpes died: the last sur vivor of the party of seven in the Pollock hotel at Oregon when it was destroyed by lightning Sunday. July 7, 1852. 7. 1889S. M. Shirley, of Forbes, died. 7, 1893 Isaac Long's barn at Bigelow burned: Ed. Schoonover 'lost a fine brood mare. 7, It 07 Loyd Summers suicided by pistol shot. V -v rur V Si fry ED. ITHU. FKI. JSAT. 1 8, 1859 Cook & Watrous became own ers of the Holt Countv News at Oregon. 8, 1870 Severe snow storm and freez ing weather. 8, 1875 Forest City voted $5,000 bonds to build her school house. 8, 1897 Henry Granstin lost his resi dence in Liberty township by tire. 8, 1899 J. W. Freeman. was killed ,.ja$ Craig, by Ambrose Grounds, who was given 10 years for the crime. 9, I808 Daniel David elected mayor of 'Oregon the first i incorpo rated city mayor in the coun ty. 8, 1887 An attempt was made to burn the Durham barn at Mound City. 8, 1888 Uncle Dan Gillis died. 8, 1889 Three masked men held up the Hankers Brothers, Will Kirkland, S. Reynold, Ben Christen in their store at Corning. A. O. Hankers com pelled to open safe: $200 se cured. 9, 1841 Lewis, Nodaway and Nishna botna townships, original townships of the county were created. 9, 1895 Harry Reed was given two years for forging check on Henry Comes, of Craig. 9. 1875 The E. F. Weller store at Whig Yallev was robbed. To Bring Good Roads. Farmers over in Grundy county have a scheme that they think would do much toward the improvement of the highways, and have petitioned the postal department for a little postal rule, that will settle the question as to "how to get good roads." It is well known that the depart ment has already issued various warn ings to farmers along the rural routes, telling them that the routes would be suspended unless their roads be dragged. These have helped some. But where the warning has been made good by a discont inuance of ser vice, the enterprising farmer who drags his road has been made to suffer along with the less industrious neigh bors, who have failed to heed the warning. The Grundy county farmers ask Uncle Sam to make the rule apply to each patron and each mail lxx. When the carrier goes on his route, if a small stretch of road, is undragged and the rest of the highway in good condition, let him not deliver the par ticular mail that belongs to the man responsible for this condition, but take it back to the postotfice. Let the farmer be informed that no more mail will be put in his box until he fixes the road. If the farmer goes to town for his mail, the trip will probably convince him that the road needs his attention. . The idea is regarded as entirely practical and just, as well as the means of greatly increasing the qual itv of country roads. A FREE FOR ALL FIGHT. Our Missouri Solcns Engage in Row Over the Prohibition Resolution. The state board of equalization Governor Hadley and the Democratic majority in the senate have not been of a mind on manv things, but it seems they have gotten together on the question of going after the tax dodgers. A bill introduced in the senate has practically been agreed up on by the senate majoritv. It makes it the duty of the assessor to ask every person assessed whether he has sent any property, notes or bonds out of the state prior to .lime 1, so that it ma' escape taxation. Another ques tion is: "If you have converted any of your money or property or the money or property of any other per son, as required of you, then state when the same was so converted or invested and the kind and amount and the value thereof." The house passed a bill to compel the trimming of hedge fences. The bill to place a tax of 2 per cent on direct inheritances of $10,000 or over has been referred to ways and means committee. The senate on Wednesday last, went on record as favoring the guarantv of bank deposits. The bill as agreed upon was prepared bv State Bank Commissioner Swanger. The county unit local option bill has failed of passage in the lower house by six votes. The measure pro vided that counties should vote ias a whole on the saloon question. Senator Lane's bill to abolish the contract svstem of convict labor bv providing for the gradual takingjover of the convicts into the employ of the state lias oeen ordered to engross ment. ! The senate has caucused on the prohibition matter and lias decided to submit the state prohibition question to the people. It has been definitely decided that the initiative and refer endum amendment adopted by the people last fall is. utterly worthless because it lefLout the enabling clause. A biU-1y.jarii y?b&kto it a demeanor to sell or expose forsalcanv goods, wares or merchandise, or to keep open a place where these things are sold, on Sunday, was ordered en grossed and printed. The Wade bill, providing forastate public utilities commission was passed by the house Tuesday of last week. It will likely be killed in the senate by the railroad lobbv. The house committee on banks and banking reported unfavorably on all pending bills for the guaranty of bank deposits. The wildest disorder and confusion prevailed in the house this morning when the Democrats, finding that they had been out-generaled and out voted, attempted, by leaving the house in a body, to break the quorum. Clothes were torn, collars and ties pulled off, hands and faces scratched and several fist tights were narrowly averted in the crush at the door. The trouble arose over the state-wide pro hibition question. Cleaning Up Time. The annual spring cleaning up is once more "with us." This war on tilth waged but once a year hardly seems adequate, but it is possibly the best solution of the dirt and rubbish problem compatable with the peren nially limited finance of eve-iy city. It is well that, for a few days or weeks at least, the city should sweep its back yards and clean up the alleys and haul away the tin cans and the winter's accumulations. But it is difficult for the citizen who tries to keep his premises looking half way tidy at all times to understand why there should not be a monthly or weekly clean up, why the little heaps of refuse should ever be allowed to grow into big heaps at all. An annual municipal clean up is somewhat like an individual monthly bath or weekly meal. Cleanliness should never be postponed. For 11 monts in a year the rubbish is per mitted to accumulated unmolested. Those who live next to vacant lots are almost encouraged to dump their tin cans and refuse on to "the other fellow's premises," the other fellow being in a large percentage of cases a non-resident who does nothing what ever toward littering up his property. There is only one clean up month in the year: and the garbage wagon no sooner gets out of sight than the work of littering up the alley, and the rear end of the lot begins anew, to con tinue for another year and until the annual clean up time comes again. Frank McCully, of near Big Lake, is very low with Bright's disease. March Weather. Lame in like a lamb, and contrarv to the old saw failed to iro out: like lion came in ana went out the same way like a lamb. The ground hog made good his prediction as to having six weeks of winter, for on the 24th we had a 10 inch snow. March how ever most always brings us snow, and generally the heaviest of the year The winter as a whole has not been a severe one ana wime we naa some bitter cold days, there were but few of them there being but five days in January and one in February when the thermometer went below the zero line. The coldest day being 13 below on January 0th. j. ne worsi jiarcn onzzard ever known here was on the 20th, in 18S3, when a heavy snow fell and followed by a (50 mile gale, drifting the snow above the fenees. iiie neavest .uarcn snow came on the 26th and 27th, 187(5, when 12 inches fell on a previous 14 inch fall, and for weeks traveling was an impossibility roads and fences were obliterated from the map. The warmest March day recorded here was 91 degrees on the 29th in 1895: the coldest 14 below zero, on the 14th, 1890. The warmest this year 1909, was 72 on the 23d and the cold est on the 11th, 11 degrees. During the week of the 0th many farmers were cutting stalks: on the 7th we had thunder, Ikrhtninsr and rain; on the 8th we had rain, sleet and snow, and on the 9th, 10 inches of snow fell. Total snow fall for the month was 10 inches which is nearly double the normal fall; total precipitation 2.55 inches. The total rain fall was 1.50 inches, the heaviest in 24 hours being 1.20 inches on the 24th. In 1I07 we had only .30 of an inch; in 1900 only .40 of an inch and in 1908 only .34 of an inch. The normal for the month is 2 inches. The temperature for the month was . degrees, which was u degrees colder than the normal, the normal being 40 degrees. The month elsewere shows that Denver traffic was shut but by a severe snow and sleet blizzard on the 24th. - A tornado killed several people in various parts of Texas, and a similar disturbance killed some 30 people in and about Brinklev. Ark. The extremes of the month of March, 1909, have been: Max. Min. 1 01 2 03 5 02 11. 13. 14. 15. 17. .11 .13 .14 .12 .14 23. 24. .07 Mean maximum, 45. Mean minimum, 20. Mean, .'5. Rain and snow precipitation 2.55; greatest in 24 hours 1.20 inches on the 24th. Greatest snow fall in 24 hour.s, on the 8th and 9th, 10 inches. Our Schools. State superintendent of schools, Howard Glass, has issued his annual reportand from it weget some interest ing matters pertaining to our public schools, both state and county. We find the total state enrollment for 1908 was 701,810: that our school houses have a seating capacity of 705, 905, and we have 1(5,995 school houses in the state. We have a total of 17,998 teachers 4,840 are males and 13,158 are females. Their salaries aggregated $7,277,724: the average monthly wages paid, to male teachers was $57.78 and to the female teachers $51.45. The estimated value of all the property is placed at $31,331,485. The apportionment of the state school money to Holt county, was$(5,- )46, on an enumeration of 4,372 school children. The total receipts of the county for school pur posses from all sources was $89,2(58 and the total expenditures $65,0(55, of which $45,000 was expended for teachers'wages: $30,451 being paid to the female teachers. Holt has 117 teachers: 89 are females. 12 of whom hold life certificates, 102 county certi ficates and 30 first grade credentials. There are 77 school houses in the cou'ntv with 117 rooms, and the esti mated value of the school property of the county is placed at $137,500, and the total school bond indebtedness is $3,1(52. Seventy of the 70 districts have li braries with a total of 9.303 volumes. The county expended an average of $17 for education of each child on bases of enrollment, the enumeration being 508 greater than the enroll ment. Mrs. Alice Kunz has greatly im proved the looks of her place by re moving the fence. No Comprise Yet. Apparently the war between the state of Missouri and the railroads is to continue. It would seem that it would ue oetter tor all concerned to compromise on some rate that would oe a substantial reduction to all citi zens from that which prevailed before the 2-cent law was passed, and await the decision of the supreme court, but that seems not likely to be done The railroads have not yet made such an offer, and there seems no way of assuring its acceptance should it be made. is either Governor Hadlev nor At torney General Major has the right to pledge action or non-action bv the legislature. The Governor might, by use of his veto power, prevent hostile legislation or a new rate measure, un less enough votes were behind it to overcome the veto. Influental mem ueas ot the house and senate might give assurances that thev would pre vent legislation if the railroadsagreed to temporary rates they considered lair under the circumstances. Should the roads not keep the agreement in spirit, the governor could call the legislature together again and the war could be resumed with vigor. But 4-1. 1 3 1 . me luauers in neiiner rue nouse nor the senate are willing to make any pledges, and the roads have not vet submitted a rate which would mean a reduction to the ordinary citizen. Thus both sides of the proposition are as yet distant from a compromise basis. xne amiuue oi our attornev gen eral is that the 2-cent rate should continue until the supreme court de cides the appeal, but there is no way to enforce the demand. A law should be in operation when it is valid prima facie. It is thus valid when" passed until a court has annulled it by ad verse decision, after which it is prima facie invalid until that decision is re versed. Practically this is not the way it works, because persons and corporations refuse to obey it and courts issue injunctions, with the ef fect that a contested law rarely goes into operation until after" a court has sustained it. But once a law has been declared invalid it cannot be enforced even by injunction. If the railroads do not offer a "con-' cession that benefits the ordinary and casual traveler the war will have to go on, and even such an offer might not prevent the legislature from pass ing some of the bills it now has in committee. The prospect for a sea son of active work in the courts for our attorney general is bright indeed. Abuse of Franking Privilege. Nothing of its kind since the inter ception of a pair of pantaloons which frugal Missouri congressman was franking home to have "half-soled" has so engrossed the postotfice author ities as the action of the postmaster of Washington in refusing to honor the frank of three congressmen who were sending home as many typewrit ing machines by mail. This postmas ter is a hard-haerted chap and he pro poses to hold the machines until post age amounting to $19 on each has been paid. Formerly there were numerous pet ty offenses against the franking priv ilege, and even now it is greatly abused. Time was when congressmen shipped hundreds of pounds of wear ing apparel and bedding free through the mails, although contrary to law. The story goes that on one occasion, a cow was franked, and that one mem ber retiring from public life sent his cooking stove home that way. It is also stated that at the end of every session huge boxes, supposed to con tain books and documents, are ship ped home free by the members, and all kinds of plunder of a domestic character go the same way. But. these "moonshine" boxes don't go forward now if the Washington postmaster sees them first. It is certainly humiliating to the country that the representatives of congress should descend to small methods. There is no difference be tween such a practice und smuggling. The vast quantity of matter franked by congressmen is responsible to a considerable extent for the postal de ficit, and congress ought to fix a limit upon the matter that can be franked to the end that the abuse of such privileges may be reduced to a mini mum. The county court as a board of equalization met on Monday of this week, and adjourned over Tuesday on account of its leing school election. The iward received its mandate from the state board ordering the assess ment on horses be reduced 5 per cent, and on mules 20 per cent. The court heard court matters Wednesday and Thursday and will continue its equali zation duties today and tomorrow. Let Her Have Them. Frank G. Carpenter has lately writ ten a very interesting letter about what Japan has been doing in For masa. When Japan took hold of Formosa, it was an alfired tough place. A con siderable part its people never both ered themselves about wearing cloths, and some of them passed a portion of their time going head hunting, whicli was far from pleasant to those who furnished the heads. At the time the Mikado took charge of things over in Formosa, no body seemed to care to hold the island, but things are quite different now. Japan has licked the head hunters to a finish; established law and order all over the island, built railroads and established postotfices in all part of the island aud what is more has got it in such condition that it pays all the expenses of government and will hereafter yield a revenue to Japan. Xow if Japan can make a success of the management of the island of For mosa, it stands to reason thatitcould also make a success of the government of the Philippine Islands. With these islands off our hands there would be no need for so vast a navy either in the Atlantic or Pacific. With the Philippines off our hands the Japa nese question could be settled in Cali fornia without any considerable trouble. So loner as we hold the Phil ippines we cannot afford to have a fuss with Japan over the immigration question, and therefore can't afford to pass any stringent exclusion laws aimed at the Japanese. We can do that with the Chinamen because China is not in shape to give us trouble. With Japan it is an en tirely different proposition. The Philippine Islands would be a vast help to Japan. They would afford an outlet for her surplus population and take away the necessity for the Japs coming over here. They would be a source of wealth and revenue to Japan while thej' will always be an expen sive luxury to us. Furthermore, we haven't any particular business in the Orient anway. New Source of Revenue. Governors Hadley has made some good suggestions to the legislature on the subject of needed additional reve nue for the state. All this would have been much easier had the amend ment to the constitution providing for a separation of the sources of locaV- and state revenue been adopted. The effort to have real estate valued at its full cash value is likely to fail, asr it always has failed everywhere, un der the conditions of levying upon it state taxes and equalizing valuations by boards of equalization. Every county will endeavor as of vore to protect itself against the 'remainder of ttie state by making low valuations. However, the amendment was not adopted, and the struggle between the counties must go on. The governor recommends a direct inheritance tax; several additional" forms of taxation of the liquor -and tobacco business; a tax upon the capi tal stock of corporations, not as pro perty, but for the right of corporate existence, and upon the owners of automobiles, though why the latter should be singled out for taxation, un less it be because they are supposed to be rich and able to pay, is difficult to understand. Owners of automo mobiles pay a property tax on trie value of their machines and a user tax in the form of a license. That -ought to be enough. The state absolutely must have more revenue. Governor Hadley s. suggestions as to the way to secure it--seems, in the main, to be both proper and desirable. Yet in relying upon liquor taxes, the thought must always be in mind that this source of revenue would cease were the state to adopt prohibition, which is by no means an1 impossible contingency.! Trains Are Running. The Oregon Interurban railway be gan hauling rock from the Davis cut, for the depot foundation, and con tractor Tochterman expects to begin the building of the depot next Mon day. The first consignment of freight brought over the line was a car of lime for Iiuley & Kunkel, which was brought over the line Monday. The first shipment out was made on Tues day and was 'a car load of canned goods made by the Oregon Canning Company and shipped to Albuquer que. New Mexico. Agent George Fredericks, formerly in charge of the Burlington at Forest City, is now here and is looking after the details preparatory to opening up for regular trafic. both freight and passenger. George Hendrix is in charge of the throttle ' and Mr. Ellis has charge oC the track.