OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1909.
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April in Local History.
13, 1881 The thermometer registered
14 above zero a very cold
15, 1881 Ice 24 inches thick floated
down the Missouri river.
17, 184G The town plat of Dallas was
17, 1806 Elder G. W. Huntley organ
ized the Forest City Baptist
17', 1872 The Democrat at Craig sus
pended: its first issue was
February 10, 1872.
18, 1877 Mrs. Elizabeth Alkire was
killed by a bolt of lightning.
17, 1889 Wm. Cobb was arrested for
robbing the J. M. Kenyon
store at Maitland; he was
given two years.
17, 1809 G. W. Frederick's residence
at Maitland was robbed.
17, 1890 During week of 17 to 24th,
high waters flooded bottoms
from Forbes to Corning.
17, 1900 Heavy wind storm did much
damage in northern Holt.
28,1841 John A. Benson and Miss
Kinzev were married: the
first wedding in the county.
18, 1808 The Radical Republican par-
ty of the county held their
first county convention.
18, 1871 The Waegel store at Rich
ville was robbed of $f0 in
18, 1873 The .1. A. Orenge residence
in Craig destroyed by tire.
18, 1874 Viola Hodge, of Bigelow
township, burned to death
in a stock field. J
18, 1883 The Peter Galbreath resi-
deuce was robbed.
18, 1884 C. N. YanPelt sold the Craig .
Meteor to Will M. Maupiu. !
18. 1895 Robert Richie, of Forest
township, lost his barn by !
fire: two head of horses
18, 1899 H. R. Kellcy's barn at Mait-j
land burned. j
18, 1900 Stock sheds on the Mait- j
land fair grounds destroyed
18, 1902 Mrs. Emma Bragg lost much !
timber by fire on her Hick
ory township farm. i
18, 1904 Mrs. Wm. Cupp, died from:
burns while making soap; j
northwest of Mound City. ;
19. 1890 Bottom fires did much dam-!
19,2893 Terrific wind and rain storm
Southern Holt. ;
19, 1897 The Holt County Democrat j
removed from Oregon to
Mound City. .1. M. Hasnessj
selling his interest to W. S. j
19, 1897 George Minton's saw millde- j
st roved by tire. j
19, 1900 Giles Laughhn arrested for
embezzlement as public ad
ministrator: was given tVo
years at April term. 1904.
20. 18701). P. Ballard appointed cen
sus enumerator for Holt
20. 1871 Heavy snow storm: fall 4
20, 1882 C. N. Van Pelt issued thej
first number of the Craig
20, 1883 Hogs sold in Chicago at $7.45:
cattle, $0.40; wheat, 90c: corn
20,1890 Surveyor Morris began to lay
out the town of Fortescue.
20, 1893 Forest City postoflice was
20. 1893 Ice formed on the 20th, 22d
20, 1895 Fred Easley, of Craig, was
killed at Rulo, Neb.
20. 1895 Mound City became electric
20, 1897 High water prevailed; Big
Lake out of banks, and sur
rounding farms inundated:
B. & M. fill washed out.
20, 1902- R rail road bridge west of
Napier was burned.
21, 1874 George Bradford, of Craig,
was killed: age 17: blew in
the muzzle of his gun on re
turn from hunting.
21, 1881 The great flood of the Mis
souri bottoms from the Mis
21, 1887 Missouri and Nodaway bot
toms flooded from exessive
21. 1903 W. .1. Bryam lectured on
"Ideals," benefit of Oregon
21, 1905 Frank Osborn, of Craig, kill
ed by the cars at the Fancis
street depot in St. Joseph.
22, 1832 Steamer "Yellowstone"
'wooded up" on Holt county
shore, on up river trip at
Bank's landing First steam
boat up the Missouri river.
22, 1890 First Demorest medal won
in the county, by May Gel
vin. 22, 1890 Child of Christ Laurence was
scalded to death.
23, 1889 Coon Franklin, the highway
man arrested at Carrollton,
Mo., for the muder of An
thony DeLong.of Craig. .July
Flat 2 1-2 Cent Rate.
The Burlington Railroad Company
will make a two and one half cent
rate in Missouri, probably effective
May 1st. This announcement was
made by the otlicials of the company
in Chicago Friday last. This action
of the Burlington is taken independ
ently, and of course no railroad will
be bound by it. However, it is only
reasonable to suppose that what one
Missouri road does all of them will
do, and a two and one half cent rate
all over the state is practically as
sured, as five of the other great sys
tems have joined the Burlington . in
making this rate.
II. B. Williams was in town. Mon
day, as attorney: so was Coleman Da
vid and .1. R. Nauman. the former
having resigned as guardian and cu
rator of the four Deggenger heirs: he
was here to turn over the assets of
his wards' estate, amounting to some
$4,000, to the latter, who became
GIVEN MORE POWER.
The State Railroad Commission
Given Authority to Fix
The State Senate has cleaned its
calendar, while over in the House
they have three months' work piled
up on them. The House Committees
seems hopelessly blocked. The revis
ion committee has sent some 30 bills
to the senate, and of these the senate
has passed 15. At the beginning of
the year the session opened, and the,
governor gave urgent reasons for at
tention to the state's financial needs,
but nothing has been done, except to
go into matters that would make the
condition of the treasury worse, if not
a hopeless muddle, with emotionalism
substituted for common sense. Janu
ary is gone: February. March and the
greater part of April has passed, and
seems impossible for the Legislature
to take up and dispose of any practi
cal question. Not one thing that was
included in the party platforms on
which members were elected has been
The house has ordered to engross
ment a bill to make October 12, Co
lumbus Day, a legal holiday.
The house has engrossed a bill to
make the child labor law apply to
cities under 10.000 as well as to cities
of more than 10,000.
No more drinking on trains, not
even a little sip from your own pri
vate flask, if a bill passed by the house
last week becomes a law.
The house on Wednesday last, kill
ed a constitutional amendment pro
viding for a state tax of 3 cents on
the $100 valuation to be used in pur
chasing school text books, to be fur
nished free in the grammar schools of
The house last week passed a bill
which provides that no written or
printed rule or regulation of a rail
road or express company shall exempt
the company from any liability which
would exist had no such rule or regu
lation been made.
The house has passed the senate
bill creating a state bureau of vital
statistics. Local health officers in
each county are directed to collect
birth and death statistics and forward
them to the central bureau. The bill
is now ready for the governor's signa
ture. The corporations now can breathe a
little easier. The senate has killed
the bill to place a tax of 25cts on each
$1,000 of the capital stock of corpora
tions. An anti-pass bill, introduced in the
house by Speaker Speer, was engrossed
Tuesday last, after Governor Hadley
had transmitted a message to the
legislature urging that the measure
The house has engrossed the inter
insurance bill. It authorizes persons,
firms and corporations to enter into
inter-insurance agreements or con
tracts among themselves. It is being
bitterly opposed of course by the old
Jurisdiction over passenger fares as
well as freight rates is conferred upon
the Missouri state board of railroad
and warehouse commission bv a house
bill which the house passed last week
by the decisive vote of 75 to 51, with
the emergency clause attached.
Governor Hadley sent a special mes
sage to the house and senate dealing
with the subject of waterways. He
urges the passage of a bill creating a
state waterways commission to inves
tigate and suggest plans for utilizing
the great rivers for navigation and
power purposes. He also urges the
passage of a bill creating a state for
estry board. He says the measures
are kindred in that they relate to the
utilization and conservation of Mis
souri's natural resources.
The house hos passed the Spence
constitutional amendment providing
a five cent tax levy on all taxable
property for creation of a road fund.
It is estimated it will raise about
$800,000 annually if adopted, and it is
be apportioned to the several coun
ties on basis of population. On his
basis it would increase Holt's road
fund some $3,000.
The house has engrossed the Ivies
bill prepared by the State Board of I
Equalization, which is known as the
full rendition bill. It requires assess- j
nients made on the full cash value of
property, defines duties of assessors
and provides a fine and imprisonment
for false return and also for assessors
failing to comply with the letter of
The Ford direct inheritance tax bill
has been sent to engrossment by the
house. The bill provides for the levy
ing of a tax of $2 on every $100 of the
market value of the property of any
estate which has descended to direct
heirs, and a 85 tax on the $100 on
estates reverting to indirect heirs. It
repeals the present collateral inheri
tance tax. and should it pass as en
grossed, the state universitv will no
longer receive this tax.
The house has passed a bill whicl
authorizes first readers of the Chris
tian Science church or ordained
preachers of any religious denomina
tion to perform marriage ceremonies
A strict interpretation of the present
law would not permit Jewish rabbis
to perform marriage ceremonies in
Missouri, The measure passed pro
vides that all persons qualified to per
form marriage ceremonies shall reg
ister their names with the recorderjof
deeds. I f any person performs such
a ceremony without having first reg
istered, he is made liable to a tine of
The house passed a bill making a
general revision of the state banking
laws. In a general way the bill in
creases the powers of the state bank
examiner. We hope the bill will
compel bankers to honor checks wlu n
drawn on their banks, at the pleasure
of the depositor and not at the pleas
ure and will of the banker who has
his depositor's money. It should fur
ther compel them to furnish the as
sessor with a list of the individual de
posits on June first, annually.
Senator Oliver's pension bill passed
This bill would permit the governor
and the auditor and three ex-Confed
erates to be selected by the Missouri
division ol the Confederate veterans
to serve four years. This board is to
be allowed to pay pensions up to $25
per month for total disability to vet
erans of either army who were Mis-
sourians at the time of enlistment or
who served in Missouri regiments,
who have not been in old soldiers'
homes and who for five tyears before
applying may have been residents of
The senate committee on ways and
means has reported favorably a sub
stitute measure for all pending bills
to place a tax on whiskey. Inciden
tally it places a tax on the liquor sell
ing clubs, and also an annual license
tax of $10 a year on each druggist
who sells liquors on prescriptions of
physicians," and a graduated license
tax on brewers, distillers and whole
sale dealers in intoxicating liquors
Over the Roads.
In a drive through the country, in
the neighborhood of the Nodaway
mill, we noticed all along the road.
oats, grass and wheat are looking fine.
We also noticed that the farmers have
been quite busy plowing and getting
their ground ready for the corn plant
ing. Lots of fall breaking is in evi
dence, all along the road.
I was very much pleased to note
the hearty good will of the farmers
toward the Oregon Railwaj'. One man
asking what the fare would be.
thought that they ought to be allow
ed to charge 25 cents each way be
cause, of the vast amount of money
the citizens had paid out.
We notice that Dick Gelvin has
been dragging the Gelvin mile of road
and. in this connection, we noticed
that several other farmers have not
been dragging their roads, Rob Kneale
for instance. And again, when you
pass along the road by John Open-
lander's, we noticed that the road had
been dragged. We did not learn who
did it. So cannot give credit until we
know who did the work.
The farmer as a rule will get out
and build a mile of road while the
city council are getting ready to have
a couple of blocks of side walk built
to our depot. What are you going to
do gentlemen? Build or not build is
the burning question of the day. Our
people demand a walk to the depot.
A Good Appointment.
Ed. "Loggy" McNulty is now down
at Jefferson City, an inmate of the
state penitentiary, and on account of
being such a good fellow, he is excus
ed from sleeping in a cell, like the
various prisoners but occupies quar
ters, that will convince those who
visit that institution, that he isn't
them because he was a "bad man,
bilt because, he is good capable fel
low, and he can be seen at certain
lours with a Winchester on his shoul
der treading his beat, with the true
soldier bearing. Through he influence
of Hon. John Kenuish. the warden
appointed Ed. as one of the peniten
tiary guards, and he went, on duty
Tuesday of this week, at a salary of
$75 per month. We can say to our
warden that "Loggy" will "make
jood" wherever you put him.
-Emil Martin left Thursday morn
ing of this week for Hurley, Texas,
in charge of a car of household goods
belonging to Chas. A. Zachman. He
expects to be away ten days or two
eeks, returning by way of Kansas
Citv, where he will visit friends.
Richard Klippel, a Former Sentinel
Devil, Writes About Home
Editor Sentinel: I was handed a
clipping from your much revered
paper with its hearty invitation for
the old-time printers devils and boys
to attend the ''Home Come Day,"
July 27, 1909, and 1 must say it fills
my heart with longing and unfained
joy in anticipation of the great de
light that it would give me to have
that privilege. And I feel greatful to
you, Mr. Editor, for being personally
remembered in your valuable paper.
There is nothing in my memory so
precious and soul-stirring as the days
of my boyhood in old Oregon, Mo., it
is really the 'Home sweet home to
me." I cannot think of anything so
joyful to my memory as the days
when 1 lived there: in fact, there has
been no other place that left an im
pression on me to any way near com
pare with it. I have now been away
from there 32 years and two months,
and the reading of that notice sends
a thrill of longing through me that
unqestionably declares, Oregon, Holt
county. Missouri, the place of most
sacred memorv. What iov it would
be to me, could I accept your kind
invitation, and be present, but cir
cumstances are not favorable.
What is the use to think of it: 1
must bring something to counteract
that desire. Well, yes. you disposed
of the old Washington hand press and
that track rolling inking apparatus,
over which thev veiled at us to take
ink and distribute it better so often,
and then. I remember, distinctly, how
you forbid me whistling while work
ing; yes, and changed my case so I
couldn't see any one of my old girls as
they passed by! Oh, I have several
things that will help me to bear the
disappointment of not being able to
attend. However, I thank you again
for the kind invitation, and am only
sorry that I cannot be there.
Give all the old boys and friends my
kindest regards, and tell thein I still
love them, and that I am not sticking
type now, but am interested in a
laundry business. Occasionally I peek
into a printing office and the old fa
miliar smell and sights make me
I beg you will excuse this poor ac
knowledgement of your kind invita
tion. Just show this to Tom Curry,
John Philbrick, Charley Marsh and
left-handed Frank Hart (who knocked
me out over the scramble for a high
stool) and anyone who would like to
know about me, and then throw this
in the waist basket merely mention
ing that you heard from me.
Richard H. Klippel,
997 Garfield Avenue,
The Wheat Situation.
The wheat situation in the United
States today is commanding the very
earnest attention of all thinking peo
ple, and it has assumed a very seri
ous phase from the standpoint of the
breadwinner. Thus far all attempts
to explain why wheat is so high have
failed to convince the public. There
is a disposition among the uninform
ed to attribute high prices to the
Patten pool in Chicago, and while
that element no doubt has had a
strong influence upon prices, indica
tions point to abnormal conditions
pjite aside front speculative market.
It is asserted by some of the best in
formed wheat operators that the
jountry is today facing a serious
wheat shortage. This view is held
by Patten and his friends, who deny
my effort at making a "corner on
the grain. On the other hand, the
government's official estimates say
that there is a fair supply of wheat
in the hands of the farmers. But if
this is the case the question natural-
irises where is this wheat V
The chief point of controversy be
tween Patten and the government
experts seems to be on the amount of
wheat in stock and in the hands of
the farmers. The government report
on March 1st, last, gave the amount of
wheat, in the hands of the farmers as
143.U02.000 bushels. Patten declares
that this report is incorrect and that
here is far from that amount of
wheat on the farms.
There is a material difference in
the market conditions now and what
they where ten years ago when Leiter
atuempted to corner wheat. Cash
wheat is higher to day than wheat
for future delivery, while during the
Leiter manipulation the situation
was reversed. On April 17, 1898, May
wheat was selling in Chicago at, $1.09
and July at 88 7-8. On May 27, 185)8,
a little more than a month afterward
May wheat in Chicago was selling at
$1.75 and July at $1.10. Last Satur
day, April 17, 1908. May wheat was
selling in Chicago at $1,281-8 and
July at $1.18 3-8. Last Saturday cash
wheat was selling at Chicago, at $1.40
to $1.42 for No. 3 red, and No. 2 hard
wheat at $1,271-2 to $1,331-2. From
these figures it will be observed that
the cash wheat is much higher than
option wheat. How is it, then, that
the cash buyers are complaining thaU
the speculative market is putting up
the price of cash wheat?
When experts disagree it is useless
for the layman to to try to arrive at
The Tie That Binds.
The many friends of Miss Kath
erine Fitzmaurice will read with
much pleasure the announcement ot
her marriage, which occurred in St.
Joseph at St. Mary's Catholic church,
by Rev. Father J. P. Brady, to Mr.
Ora Whitmer Mullen, Thursday of
last week. April 15, 1909.
The bride is one of Holt's brightest
and most highlv educated voting wo
men, and a musical scholar second to
none among us. A daughter of the
late Patrick Fitzmaurice. who with
her mother took pride in seeing that
"Katie" had the advantages of the
best of schools, and she profited by
these to the fullest extent. No
young woman, of Forest City and
surrounding country numbers among
her friends a more extensive list of
loyal friends than she, and none more
dearly beloved by them than she.
The wish will be universal among
these that- she has chosen wisely and
well, for she is every way deserving a
loyal and true hearted, manly man.
The ceremony was performed in
the presence of a few relatives and
especially intimate friends, Father
Sautere, of Tarkio, assisting, the
bride being attended by her niece,
Miss Esther Stegmaier.
The bride wore a traveling suit of
gray chiffon Panama, with hat and
gloves to match, and in lieu of the
customary boquet, carried a beautiful
pearl prayer book, a gift from her
cousin, the Rt. Rev. Bishop Fitz
maurice, of New York. Her maid of
honor wore a Copenhagen suit of blue
The groom has held responsible po
sitions for several years past with
Swift & Co., at St. Joseph, and has.
been transferred to their plant at St.
Paul, Minn., where they will make
their home on their return from an
extensive southern bridal trip.
Thus another of Holt's very dearest
of girls leaves the dear old home for
the one that she loves best. May it
ever be well with her and him, and
may their journey be a long one, and
may they always be sweethearts.
Oregon vs. Savannah.
Mrs. Frank Chance, the enthusias
tic wife of the leader of the Chicago
base ball championship team, declares
that the future of the game depends
upon the women of the nation not
the flight, volatile kind, but the
steady home variety. Their presence
in the stand, in her opinion, will cure
the rowdy tactics to which some play
ers are inclined, and insure the re
spectability that is essential to any
public amusement. Mrs Chance be
lieves, too, that the women will be
well repaid for their patronage of the
game. She says: "If more women
would forsake bridge whist and pink
teas, sofa cushions and kimonas, and
turn out to watch the cleanest sport
in the world, there would be more
robustness among our sex."
It must be confessed that there is
much virtue in Mrs. Chance's philos
ophy, and it is by no means limited
in its application to the fair sex. As
the initial game of the season here is
to be played Monday next, between
Oregon and Savannah, we hope the
ladies will encourage our home team
by their presence.
Trains Begin Monday.
The Burlington put in its track for
The Oregon Interurban railway at
the Forest City depot, this week,
which will enable the new line to be
gin passenger service on Monday next.
April 20. 1909. the beginning of the
April term of our circuit court.
On March -t. 1841, Judge David R.
Atchison, the first of our circuit
judges, came horse back from Platte
county, and carried the laws of the
state in his saddle bags. William
Ilerron. the seventh of our circuit.
judges, was the first to come as far as
Forest. City by rail, which was in Oc
tober. ISiiM. the K. C. St. J. & C. It.
railroad having been completed the
August previous. Judge Ellison, the
13th of our circuit judges, will be the
first, to ride directly to the county
seat by rail if he chooses to come
that way, and we hope he will: for
the railroad is built and completed
and ready for both freight and pas
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