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Colu in bin Mo.
M 45TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. AUGUST 13. 1909. NUMBER 14. la Ann rTnn Cll SUN. rtON. TUB. WED. THU. 1 FRI. I SAT. 1 I a i 3 I 4-1 51617" 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 SO 81 ag 8384 85 g6&7 88 9130511 1 1 1 Now, for the Fair. It's the one week in the year when the plowboy may rub elbows with the banker: when his "store clothes" are just as good and his drivin' horse just privileged and he has just as much business as anyone there. What coun try fair could be a success if he didn't come all spruced up in his Sunday duds his girl with him in a clean white frock, carrying his buggy whip? How could the stands pay expenses if he didn't buy peanuts and lemonade and sweets? Does anyone know? The typical country fair will be in progress at Maitland, beginning Tues- j iay next, August 17th, and continue J through Fridav, and thousands of i persons of the kingdom of old Holt, will meet and hold reunions visit -with each other, show their stock, race their horses together, eat fried chicken, good old country ham and fresh garden truck. The stores of the town will put down the lid after noon and the Herald will hang upon its outer walls. We have all gone to the Fair. And why not? The band will be i playing all day long. j TheMaitland Fair grounds this ' year will be a minature Coney Island meager, perhaps, but just as inter- j pstinfT to those who see it as that is I land with all its attractions is to New ! and collected is to be paid to the corn York. It's a more give-and-take : plaining witness. And, to make in crowd, too, that one which attends the vestigations of the working of the Maitland fairs. law more certain, the judge of every To the south and west vou'll find ! court having criminal jurisdiction is the pig stys, the cattle and sheep I pens, and the horse stables. Around 1 these the men folks will gather and talk horse, hogs, cattle and sheep. Down at the "art hall" the women folks will talk "shop" and visit, for the premiums are liberal in all lines from angel food cake and canned fruits, to crazy quilts, rag and embroidery. carpets The events of each dav of the fair will of course be in the afternoon j whpn thn n-npris in tliR trnttincr.riacintr ! and running class will go, for the 1 liberal purses, that have been offered by the association. The grand stand has been greatly enlarged, so have the stables and pen, I and it is thp. timp. nf vpar for all 1 classes to enjoy country fair. See your sweet heart Sunday, and make your fair date with her. Talk to the wife and tell her to fix the supplies for an outing at the Maitland fair, begins next Tuesday 17th and lasts four days. The apportionment of Holt's state moneys is now attracting the atten tion of our capable county clerk. The state school money amounts to $6,763. 23, and is to be apportioned to the several districts according to the enu meration made in May last, which showed a total of 4,295 children of school age. In 1908, the state money amounted to $6,946.82, and the enu meration was 4,362. In 1907, the state money received was $6,518.94, and the enumeration was 4,565. WILL No More "Coffin Nails." The most stringent anti-cigarette law ever placed on the statute books of our state will become effective Sun day next, August 15th. Severe as it is considered by many, it was a com promise and was passed almost with out a dissenting vote in both branches of the legislature in order to prevent the passage of the Cross bill, a mea sure which would have prohibited both the manufacture and sale of cigarettes in the state. The law provides that any person, his servant, or his agent, who directly or indirectly, or upon any pretense, or by any device sells, gives away or oth- erwise disposes of cigarettes, cigarette papers or cigarette wrappers to any person in Missouri under the age of 18 years shall be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor and on conviction shall be fined not less than $10 nor more $100 for the first offense, and fined not less $50 nor more than $500 for the second and all subsequent offenses. It also provides that any person over the aire of 10 and under 18 years of age, who shall smoke or use cigarettes on any public road, street, alley, park or other lands used for public place of business or amusement, shall be ad- judged guilty of a misdemeanor, and on conviction shall be fined not more than $10. Half the amount of a fine assessed required under the statute to special ly charge every grand jury on the subject. Resolutions of Respect. Whereas, it has pleased the Al mighty Ruler of the great universe to remove from the scene of his earth ly labors, our well beloved brother, Geo. Harmon, who for many years was a member of Oregon lodge iSo. o4, I. O. O. F., and a firm believer of the nrinciDals of Friendshiu. Love and Truth. Though for a number ol years Brother Harmon has resided far away, he retained his membership with this lodge. Therefore be it Resolved. That in the death of Brother Harmon, Oregon Lodge No 54, looses a true, noble member, one who was faithful to everv tenent of our order. Be it further Resolved, That we tender the be reaved wife of Brother Harmon our heartfelt sympathy, and that our charter be draped in mourning for 30 days, and that copies of these resolu tions be sent to the widow of Brother Harmon, spread on the minutes of this lodere, and to the Holt County Sentinel, for publication. Geo. F. Seeman, ) N. P. Moore, Com. Seib Carson. ) Oregon, Mo., August 5, 1909. Mr. Ed Curten, of Kansas City, spent Sunday with C. J. Koock and family. July Weather. The month of July, 1909, was the same in average temperature as that of 190$, but four degrees cooler than that of 1907, and four degrees cooler than the normal temperature of the month which is 78 degrees. The hot test day of the month was on the 29th, when the needle indicated 95 degrees. This was the highest in 190S on the same date of the month, and the hottest in 190S was 9S degrees on the 25th, and 92 degrees in 1906 on the 22d. The last 10 days of the month are usual lv the hottest days. The hottest July ever known here was in 1901, where we had 18 days that the thermometer ranged from 100 to 107 degrees and 11 days that it was in the 90's. On July 24th, 1804, it was 107 degrees. The coolest day of the month was 53 degrees on the 13th. The precipitation was 1.66 of an inche above the normal, and nearly double that of a year ago and .18th of an inch greater than that of 1907 and within a small fraction of five inches greater than that of 1906. Notwith standing this record here, in 1907 on July 14th, Craig, Corning, Mound City and Bigelow were visited by a rain that varied from six inch to eight inch fall within 24 hours. The heav iest monthly rain fall ever recorded here was in 1S67, when 12 inches fell. The total rain fall for the first month of each year begining with 1903 has been: Inches. 1903 2o.S2 1904 26.02 1905 19.94 1906 14.01 1907 17.89 1908 27.92 1909 ' 22.82 The extremes of July, 1909, have been: Date. Max. Date. Max. 2 93 12 55 3 .94 13 53 17.... 93 22 59 18 91 23 55 29 95 - 24 57 Mean maximum, 86. Mean minimum, 63. Mean, 74. Normal temperature, 78. Normal rain fall, 4.57. Rainfall for month, 6.23 inches: greatest in 24 hours 3.54 inches on the 6-7th. The incessant rains of the first week in July and the last week in June, and the continued rise of the Missouri River cast a gloomy pros pect over the crop situation along the Missouri and Nodaway bottoms. The Villisca train schedule was abandoned on the 5th and 6th, and Tarkio Valley trains abandoned for a week. On the 6th the Stadler levee west of Craig gave way inundating a large section of farming lands south of that section. The Missouri River reached its highest stage of the year on the 5th, registering 394$ feet. The month has been characterized by earthquakes, floods, snow falls and tornadoes. Snow fell in Omaha during an elec trical storm on the night of the 30th. The flakes fell intermittently for nearly 10 minutes. Traces of snow also is reported to have fallen in Car roll co.inty, Illinois, on the 26th. The railroads throughout the Mis souri and Mississippi Valleys were put out of business for the week of July 10th by a reason of the floods of Missouri, Mississippi and other streams, the Mississippi reaching its highest stage on the 16th, the high est stage ever reached being on J une 27th, 1844, 41.4 feet. On the 30th, earthquake shocks came to Mexico from the Atlantic to the Pacific and from Guerato on the north to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec on the south: much property and 14 lives destroyed. Three hundred or more were killed by an earthquake which devastated the province of Elis, Greece, on the 15th. On the 1st Messina and Reggo, Sicily, again suferred from an earth quake, laying waste other villages and killing thousands of its people. On the 22d Southern Texas was visited by a terrible hurricane killing 23, injuring man, and destroying a million in property. The great sea wall at Galveston stood the test and doubtless sav.ed the city. Thatchei's Military Band is now furnishing our people with delightful evening concerts in the public park. Robert Montgomery reached his 72d mile stone on Monday, August 9th, and he seems awfully well kept for one who has been on earth so many years. We can only wish for him a good many more birthdays. Changes in Our School Laws. Some of the changes made in the last legislature in the school laws are as follows: The county court shall at the Feb ruary term re-number the common school districts of the country, num bering numerically beginning in the northeast part of the county and then west, or as congressional townships are numbered, instead of by township and range as now designated. When any school district shall for a period of one year, fail or refuse to provide for an eight months' terra of school when a levy of 40 cents will en able them to have so long a term, the same shall be deemed to have lapsed as a corporated body and the unoccu pied territory and attached to any adjoining districts for school purposes. The subject of agriculture will now be required for teachers' certificates and is to be taught in the schools as a regular subject. Children between the ages of 8 and 16 years are required to attend school three-fourths of the time instead of one-half, and in towns of 1,000 inhab itants the school board shall appoint a truant officer whose duty will be to see that all children in the district shall attend school. A district with nine square miles of territory and with at least 25 pupils of school age and a valuation of $40,000 and paying at least $40 per month wages, that cannot maintain a school of eight months on a 40 per cent levy, shall receive from the state sufficient amount to make up the deficit. It is made the duty of the county school superintendent To supervise the work of all the schools of the county except those em ploying superintendents. To inspect the sanitary conditions of buildings and grounds and report on same to the board of directors. To see the records are properly kept and warrants properly drawn. To furnish district clerks with state ment showing assessed valuation of district, and to receive and approve estimates and enumeration lists. To hold meetings in various parts of the county for development of edu cational sentiment. To adopt a course of study and ar range for county graduation. To compile educational statistics of county and furnish supplies to dis trict clerks. To devote his entire time to the du ties of his otlice and to spend a cer tain number of days each year in con ventions or summer schools studying questions of supervision and adminis tration. Superintendent to qualify for these duties in August, 1909. To Be Census Supervisor. The St. Joseph Gazette annouces that Senator Warner has recommen ded the appointment of E. H. Loyd, of St. Joseph, as census supervisor for this, the Fourth Congressional district. We hope the report is without foundation, for we cannot believe that Senator Warner would take snap judgment in a matter of this kind. W. C. Pearson, of this county, was an avowed candidate and had most excellent endorsements, and he should have been shown the courtesy of be ing given time or notification to file his papers. The fourth congressional district comprises the counties of Buchanan, Platte, Andrew, Holt, Atchison and Nodaway. The supervisor will re ceive for his three months' work $1, 500, and in addition one dollar for ev ery thousand names enumerated. The post was held by E.E. McJimsey, then of Maryville, now of Springfield, Mo., when the last census was taken, ten years ago. The supervisor has the ap pointment of the enumerators. There is one for each township, and the number in the city is regulated by the population. The department will name the supervisors next fall, and they will hold meetings that they may become familiar with the charac ter of the work. The census will be taken as of date April 15, instead of May 1 or April 1, as heretoiore. it is necessary tor a date to be selected in order that the statistics may be of service. For in stance, the householder will be asked to give the number of persons in the family on April 15, 1910. The govern. merit is planning to make this census far more comprehensive than its pred ecessors. It will not consist merely of vital statistics. Features of the census will be reports on the indus tries of the country, on the people's manner of living, their education, etc Weed Hinde and family are now residing in St. Joseph, Weed going on the road for a St. Joseph hardware firm. Hard Cider Barred. Not even "hard cider," a favorite rural drink, nor fermented grape wine may be sold lawfully in local option territory, according to a decis ion handed down last week by Judge Nortoni of the St. Louis court of appeals. The case was that of Ernest Jaeger, of Neosho, Newton count', who was prosecuted for sell ing homemade wine and fined $300. Jaeger appealed. Newton county, except Neosho, is drv. Jaesrer owned a vinevard and manufactured wine, which he sold to his neighbors or others who felt like taking a little "nip" now and then. He was prosecuted for selling an in toxicant in violation of the local op tion laws. - His attorneys claimed home-made wine is exempted under the dramshop laws. Judge Nortoni held that the local option laws supplant the general dramshop laws in counties or cities which vote out saloons. The Judge said Jaeger could have sold his wine for sacramental purposes, and sagely remarked, -'It is obvious that this wine was not put to that use." According to Ben Deering, who has made a compilation of the Missouri liquor laws. Judge Nortoni's decision is of great importance, it being the first time a high court has passed on this feature of the Wood local option law passed in 1887. It establishes the principle, Mr. Deering claims, that only wine for sacramental purposes and pure alcohol for medicinal, art, scientific and mechanical purposes can be sold in local option counties and towns. In other words, it bars absolutely the sale of whisky, wine or beer on a physician's prescription, the only thing the physician can prescribe under this interpretation being pure alcohol. There are 80 counties and 20 towns of considerable size in the state which are now dry by their own vote. In nearly all of these it is cus tomary for the druggists to fill with out question a physician's certificate calling for wine or whisky. Even the sale by clubs to members only of in toxicating liquors in these local op tion communities is of doubtful legal ity, declared Mr. Deering last night. So far as the druggists and physicians are concerned, he says, they can be prosecuted for every prescription filled or written, under Judge Nortoni:s in terpretation of the Wood law. Have Hog Cholera Cure. Experiments which have been un der way at the Kansas City Stock Yards for several months past have proceeded to a point where those in charge of them say they are justified in announcing that a cure and preven tive of hog cholera has been discov ered. Now, to make a test that will be absolutely conclusive, the Depart ment of Agriculture has taken an in terest in the work, and has sent its experts in this branch of the depart ment for the purpose of testing the cure. The discovery of a serum which he believed would render hogs immune to cholera was announced several months ago by Prof. John C. Conne way of the agricultural department of Missouri State University. Since then tests have been conducted at the Kansas City Stock Yards and at several state agricultural colleges, and it has been demonstrated that the serum does what its discoverer believed it would do. The value of the discovery to farm ers and stockmen is incalculable. It means, literally, millions of dollars in their pockets, and it opens to the consumers the alluring possibility of a considerable reduction in the price of the most popular of all animal foods. It means, also, a great change in the stock yards business. It is not generally known that now when a hog is once shipped to a stock yards it never leaves it except to go to the packing house to its death. This is due to the prevalence of hog cholera and the liability of hogs shipped to the yards to contract it through con tagion. With all hogs made immune to cholera they may be hauled as a stock proposition. In other words, feeders may buy hogs at the yards, ship them to the feed lots and fatten them, and then ship them back to market at a profit. The value is in the fact that at some seasons feed becon.es scarce in some sections and the hogs lose in stead of gaining flesh, and the grower is forced to market them. The result is the market becomes oversupplied and prices demoralized. Were feeders able to buy hogs at such times and ship them out it would steady the market. Joshua Adolph, wife and daugh ter, Bessie, will leave in a day or two for Enid, Oklahoma, where they will visit with L. M. Wampler and wife. County Court Matters. The county court was in session I last week, and was kept quite busyl looking after the regular order of business. It made its regular quar-l terly inspection of our county infir mary and found everything in the most satisfactory condition. County Engineer Morris was in-1 structed to make estimate of cost to repair the road northeast of Forest I City to the George Burrier place, and to file his report with the court at its September session. The court on complaint of nisi mother, Etta Savage, and on testi mony of witnesses, ordered Kent Sav-I age, aged 15, to be sent to the Mis souri Training school at Boonville, as an incorrigible youth. The court ordered the patents to certain lands owned by Uirich Up- liger, in 59, 36: and Wm. F. Schmut- zer in 63, 40, erroneously described be corrected. The state auditor was authorized to draw his warrant in favor of I County Treasurer Dickson, for state school moneys due the county. The clerk was instructed to draw warrant in favor of State Asylum at I St. Joseph, for $781.07 for the care of its 14 inmates as follows: Emil Musch, Walter Adams, Chas. Thomas, Jno. S. Chesney, Gould Erwin, Laura Catron, Jno. Bowen, Artimetia DruryJ Wm. Baker, Rich Brownlee, Dennis Callihan, Lucinda Taylor, Wm. Peters, Sarah Dickson. The road as petitioned for by J. C. Morris and others, was ordered es tablished, and to be 30 feet in width. Fred Cook, as circuit clerk, report-1 ed fees collected for quarter ending I June 30th, as $376.35; deputy hire, $26.75. County Clerk Zeller reported fees! collected for quarter ending June! 30th, as 81170.70; deputy hire, $225.00; secretary board of equalization,! $30.00; clerk fees, $312.50; excess ofl fees for quarter, $603.20. By reason of the encroachment ofl the river near the White Cloud ferryl landing in sections 28, 33, 34, in town-l ship 60,- range 39, the court ordered! the opening of a new road on perma nent ground. County Surveyor Peretl having filed his report of right oi way having been given and free from! damage claims. " " " " Vaccination for Typhoid. Army surgeons at Fort Omaha an nounce the successful use of typhoid! serum in the cases of three soldiers! belonging to the garrison. After in oculation these men have stood thi severest tests of exposure to the ty phoid bacillus. On June 17 the three men wen vaccinated with the serum, and with in a week developed mild cases oi typhoid, from which they. recovered rapidly. A second vaccination fol lowed, with no trace of the disease appearing, showing they had become immune, at least as far as the direct introduction of the poison into theii blood was concerned. So far the army doctors had provec their case. It remained to be seen il the three soldiers could withstand the test of drinking water containing typhoid bacilli. A million germs were put into ordinary water that had beer allowed to stand in an open vessel foi three days. The men drank a gallor of this water and have suffered no ill-J ness or inconvenience. If they hat not been immune, the Army surgeons say, the soldiers would have beei stricken with fever in from three t( five days. The value of this discovery is evin dently great. It seems to place tyA hoid fever, one of the scourges of the world, in the same clas with smallpox, which by the us of vaccine has become one of our ran est diseases. That the Army shouk develop this new serum is particular, fitting, for the soldier more than anj other class is subjected to the danJ gers of impure water supply. The danger from the enemy in many cam-j paigns has been slight compared witl the ravages caused by typhoid in the ranks of armies. The devotion of the army surgeons and the quiet courage of the men ii the ranks who offered themselves foi the test are deserving of the gratitude and admiration of every soldier anc of all mankind. Stone & Carroll have finished tfc painting of Charles RayhilFs res dence. Jolly, rollicking Will E. Everhari and his wife came down Monday td shake hands with former old-timd friends, and make them all feel goe to again see him. They were on theii return trip from California to theii home at Corpus Christi, Tex., wherd Will has made good and as of yord takes life easy.