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45TH YEAR. 19982 OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. JANUARY 7, 1910. NUMBER 35. JANUARY UdD ISUN.!MQNitUEJWEDJTHU.lFR05AT 1 I 11 I Bp 2 5 4 S B T "8T 9 10 1112 151415 IB ir 18 19 20 21 22 252425 261272529 15Q51 January in Local History. 2, 1853 -First sacrament of the Lords supper held by the Presbj' terians, at Oregon. 18, 185730 degrees below zero. 7, 1862 Holt County Militia organ ized at Oregon; C. W. Bow man, adjutant. 1, 1868 N.. D. Wilson dragged to death by a mule. 1, t.Zo Nickell's Grove Evangelical church, dedicated. f5, 1872 The Woman's Union was or ganized at Oregon; first woman's club in the state. 8, 1872 Sam. P. Clark, colored, ad mitted to Holt county bar; only case of kind in history of the county. 1, 1874 Wm. Daugherty, of Craig, killed by one Hudson; given 12 years for the crime. 7, 1875 Chas. Claiborn killed by fall ing from his wagon. 7, 1877 Town plat of Whig Valley was filed for record. 2, 1877 M. S. Norman sold his In terest in Oregon bank to Albert. Roecker. 4, 1877 Wm. Feasel found dead un der ice in the Nodaway, near New Point. 1, 1878 Mike Mooney found dead in culvert near Forbes. 1, 1882 Napier became a railroad station. 8, 1883 Kortescuc became a railroad station. 1, 1881 Mound City became a presi dential poHtotllce. 5, 1884 It went 28 degrees below zero al Coining, 2(5 below at Craig, and 28 below at Ore gon. 5, 1881 Thomas A.sbury, of Forbes, was killed by t he cars at St. Joseph; at round house of the II. & St. Joe. It. It. 5, 1884 Maltland had her first lire; cigar factory, barber shop and paint shop burned. 4, 1885 Fast Forest mills sold by sheriff for 2,070; bought by J. II. Williams for Lucas & Canon. 8, 188024 degrees below zero. 7, 188(5 Vi 11 isca trains annulled on account of snow on .January 7, 8, 22, 23 and 24. 5, 188!) Joel Turnham killed: struck by locomotive at Muskotah, Kas.; buried at Forest City. 1, 1890 Body of young Thorpe, found in ash heap south of Forest City; Thos. Fee arrested for crime but acquit ted; he was afterward sent to pen for forgery. 7, 1S.91 Initiar steps taken to estab lish the Oregon Cannery. 7, 1895 Mr. Penny began to manu facture cigars at Oregon. 8, 1895 Oregon council granted f ran- chisefor electric road to Forest; City; F. C. Oakley, promoter. 7, 18 Helwig post office establish ed in Nodaway township. It was discors .ed December 15, 1905. ! tZZ3 1, 1898 D. M. Martin & Son estab lished first telephone sys tem. 1. 1898 Richardson & Hitt bought the Emil Weber stock of merchandise at Forest City. 7. 1898 Corning Chronicle suspend ed: established by Chas. Smirl, November 22, 1895; plant moved to Gillman, Mo. 6. 1899 J. A. Criswell bought the Welty & Wehrli merchan dise stock at Mound City. 5. 1900 "The Newspaper" at Mait land re-appeared; burned out December 12, 1899. 5. 1900 David Miller sentenced to be hanged for murder of Sam uel Crow on March 26, 1891); commuted to 50 years; pa roled by Gov. Hadley on August 4th, 1909. 1. 1901 Craig became a presidental post office. 4, 1901 "The New Century," at For est City, appeared by H. Boyd; lie died February 21, 1901, and the paper ceased publication. 7, 1901 .las. it. Watson killed by cars at Flagstaff, Ari. 4, 1902 The Sentinel changed its form from 8 column folio, to U column quarto. 7, 1904 -O. It. King sold the Forest City Star to F. It. Bark hurst, who changed the title to the Press. 1, 1905 John Kennish appointed as sistant attorney general of t he state. 1, 1905-I'liil. Thompson named as Craig's postmaster. 4, 1905-CharIes Boss, of Maitiand, killed by cars at Columbia Falls, Mont. 7, 1905 Anna Gillenwater, of Ore gon, burned by gasoline at Amazonia; died from burns at St. Joseph hospital. 7, 1906 Craig postolllce was robbed. 1, 1907 Wes Wehrli named asMound City postmaster for third term. 5, 1907 J no. W. Davis and wife cele brated their golden wed ding. , 1907 Thunder, lightning and rain over county; also on the 18th. 3, 1908 Farmers were breaking ground from the 3d to the 10th. 4, 1908 Postmaster Thompson, of Craig, confidenced out of $600 postal funds. 4, 1908 The John Miller bridge northeast of Mound City, collapsed: one horse killed. 6, 1909 Attempt to rob the Mait iand bank. John Roselius, of Corning, was down this -week on some business matters for his father, Uncle Henr3T Roselius. We are glad to know that Uncle Henry is in faily good health despite the extreme weather. The 1 Sentinel sends him kindly New I Year's greetings. THEY GRIND EXCEEDING FINK The January Term of Holt's Cir cuit Court Now Grinding Its Grist. The record of our circuit court for 1909, shows there were five' persons sent to the penitentiary for various offenses. At the January term, H. A. Goff was given two years on the charge of bigamy. Goff, in Septem ber, 1908, married Lucile Grimes, of Oregon; when he had a living wife in DesMoines, Iowa, whom: he married in 1904, and had two children At the April term, Mont Williams, colored, was given six years. He stole a lot of hides from Fry & Sons,. aria sold them. George Weber was Giv en two years for stealing a revolver from Wm. Bloomtield, living in a camping tent north of Forest City. At the August term, Alf Gooden was given six years for stealing a horse from Judge George Cotten, at Forest City. Jake Spencer got six years; three each for robbing the McCandlish and Horn stores at Craig. There were 35 jail committments during the year, serving a total of 742 days, or an average of 2H days to each committment. Of these 1 was for grand larceny; 7 misdemeanors; 4, disturbing the peace; 1, concealed weapons; 2, unlawful sale of liquor; 4, petit larceny; 1, rape; 1, insanity; 2, forgery; 7, burglary and larceny; 1, drunkenness;l incorrigibility; 2 for administering poison; and 1 for sell ing mortgaged property. If the cases docketed for the pres ent term should be tried, Judge Elli son, the bar and Jurors, would likely be here until Gentle Anna brought the summertime, for perhaps the largest number of new cases that has ever been filed for any term of court in recent years, appears on the Janu ary 1910 docket. Five of these are suits on notes, eight are for damages, two are suits on accounts, four are ap-. peals from the probate court, four come up from the justice courts, two are attachment suits, two to partition lands, eight for divorces and one for "hotchpot" of property. There is a suit to change boundaries of a drain age district, and two for the purpose of organizing new districts, and sev eral other suits of more or less im portance. Judge Ellison came in on the mbrn ing Villisca and with him came a large number of people: lawyers, jur ors and witnesses, and on his arrival at the court house, he found t hat the court clerk, Sheriff McNulty and his deputies, Geo. Gelvin and Ben Grouser, had everything in splendid shape; everything lubricated, all the judge had to do was to start tilings going and the mill began to grind in earnr est, by calling the grand jury, giving them a strong forceful charge. A grand jury is necessary, at. least once a year. They serve to clear the mor al atmospere of a community. The court named A. II. Bailey as fore man, with instructions to hunt down if possible, any law breakers, if they could find any. The following consti tute the grand jury: M. S. Walker, Benton. Sam Kahn, Bigelow. Newt Itonerts, Clay. .las. A. Lease, Forest. Henry Fields, Forbes. Thos. Bunker, Minton. ArtCellow, Hickory. John M. Hibbard, Nodaway. Gus Mohler, Lincoln. John C. Heck, Liberty. A. II. Bailey, Lewis. J. it. Nauman, Union. J. A. Lease was chosen clerk aud John Hibbard, as sheriff, The petit jury is composed of: Bigelow, W. Sickman. Benton, D. Lower, Jr., W. W. Mur ray, It. S. Br.own. Clay, John Long, Abe Loucks. Forbes, F. L. Stout, and S. A. Meyer. Forest, J. F. Wagoner, James Jack son. Lewis, Wm. Risk, John Jones, W. H. Wood. Liberty, J. A. Hall, Godfrey Marti. Lincoln, W. A. Browning. Nodaway, David Hoffmann. Union, James Lamar, George Von derscmidt, Ralph Lawrence. The first case called was that of the Stat vs. Dr. P. D. Kelley, charg ed with issuing illegal prescriptions. A jury said guilty as to two counts, and assessed the punisment at a tine of $40 in each count. Tne next case, was that of the State vs.Fay Browning, charged with attempt to kill by being a party with a Mrs. Snider, of Craig, in adminis tring poison to her husband. The jury was given the case about noon Tuesday, and after struggling with the case for 15 hours said "guilty" and assessed his punishment at two , years in the penitentiary. December Weather. The month just passed will go into history as the coldest and severest December ever known here, and while we have had some colder days, we have never had so many below zero days. It is also notable in the fact that the month opened cold and con tinued cold according to the calen dar, winter began on the 1st with cloud and fog and rain, and on the 3d we had sleet and rain, and on the 4th it continued to sleet followed with snow, and we have had snow all through the month with a total measurement of 12 inches. Good sleighing has been had since the 6th. This is really the best and only genu ine sleighing since 1897 when we had .11 inches fall and in 1902 when we had 12 inches. During the year of 1898 we had the heaviest annual fall, measuring 63.93 inches, while the year just closed we had a totol of 29 inches which is two inches below the normal for this station. We have had winter to come upon us in all its bitterness earlier than the year 1909. In 1855 winter began November 16th with heavy snow fall; in 1856 it began November 3; in 1858, December 3: 1859, December 1; 1860, November 23; 1861, November 26; 1868, November 16; 1871, November 18; 1880, November 15; 1887, November 27: 1909, November, with half inch snow fall; and on the 13th the ther mometer touched 13 degrees above. Since that date we have had winter good and plenty. The coldest Christmas ever recorded here was in 1879, when it went to 17$ below zero. This year the maximum was 27 and the minimum 7 with a good snow covering the earth, and Santa went whizzing over the country to the jingle of the merry sleigh bells. Since 1893 we have had snow on the ground during Christmas in 1899, 1900, 1901, 1903 and 1909; from 1855 to the present year inclusive, snow has been on the ground Christmas day 32 out of the 54 years. The winter of 1855-6 was the sever est ever known here. It began on the 16th of November. The mercury stood at 27 degrees. Two inches of snow fell the nlgfohefore. The merr curv continued if ,r freezing until the middle of December. On the 23d of December it fell to 16 below zero and ranged from zero to 23 below zero, nearly every morning until the 9th of February. Some of the coldest December days recorded here oc curred. This was also the case in 1884 winter began December 17 and con tinued extremely cold: the ther mometer ranged from zero to 25 be low up to February 26, 1885. Below Year. Date. zero. 1855 26th 20 1858 8th 24 1859 22(1 12 1860 1863 1865 1868 1870 1871 1871 1872 , 23d 10 .23 .10 .16 .11 .11 .11 .204 . 71 . 7 .171 .211 .201 ,14th., .11th., . 23d., . 4th. .2711 1.. .24th. 1874 29th., 1875 17th.. 1879 25th!. 1880 19t,h. 1892 12th. 1894 .' 27th. 1897 8th. 1898 1901 1903 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 1909 8th 20th 13th 7th 8th 9th 17th 18th 19th 20th 29th .... 1 ....12 .... 8 .... 4 6 8 .. 3 ,11 On the 28th of January, 1909, we had a genuine blizzard with a sudden drop of temperature of 45 degrees within 24 hours and a 31 inch snow fall. On the 6th the needle went down to 13 degrees below zero, which was the coldest day of the year 1909. On March 8-9th, we had a 10 inch snow fall, and a temperature of 35 de grees which was 5 degrees' colder than normal. May was characterized by a heavy hail storm on the 28th, that passed over the Pierce district, in the Milne, Patterson and Meyer neighborhoods; stones in goodly number as large as goose eggs, fell. It is an old tradition that if it thunders in January it will frost on or about the same date in May. It thundered here on January 7th, and on the 2d of May ice formed fully half an inch in thickness. During June, at Corning, on the 27th, a 4 inch rainfall was reported, and water covered a good portion of the town, by the overflow of Mill Creek; water also covered the Bilby and other farms south of Craig. Hail did much damage north and west of Maitiand on the 3d. Heavy and incessant rains during the latter part of June and first week in J uly, and high waters from the Missouri and Nodaway rivers, so flooded the bottom farms along these streams, as to ruin crops. On the 5th and 6th of July the Villisca trains were abandoned in consequence of these high waters. August was the second dryest August ever known here, but .49 of an inch of rain fell. September 13th, another hail storm passed over Forbes township, break ing window pains, ripping screen doors and killing chickens: stones as large as bantam eggs reported to have fell. November was noted for heavy rains, fog and cloudy weather, great ly retarding corn gathering, and for the heaviest rainfall for the month, 4.41 inches falling, which is 2f inches greater than normal. The Nodaway was again out of its banks during the week of the 25th, and communication between Maitiand and Graham was carried on by boat. The Nodaway was never before out of its banks in November. The coldest day of the year, was January 6th, 13 below zero. The hottest day of the year, was July 16th, 99 degrees. Toal snow fall for the year 1909, was 29 inches; normal is 31 inches: heaviest 24 hour fall 61 inches on De cember 24th; heaviest monthly fall, 12 inches in December. The greatest December fall ever recorded here was 25 inches in 1866: heaviest annual fall, 63.93 inches in 1898. The total rain fall here for 1909, was 37.09 inches, which is only .29th of inch above normal. The heaviest monthly fall was June, when 7.89 inches followed by a 6.23 of a fall in July, which was 5.17 of an inch above the normal for theseM'O months. The heaviest annme- ever re corded here was'V o, 5 js, in 1902. The heaviest'; r v tf occurred on March 24? '0S.?7 il 20-1. l.iu incnes; y v July 6-7, 3.54'B; ,o 2.16 inches; O!?' 1 inches; jkr 6th, finches ana JNovemoer , il can be safely said that; mr years the annual rain fall lias increased, as the average annual fall from 1852 to 1893 was 36.80 inches and from 1893 to 1908 it was 39 inches, an increase of 2.20 inches. The average annual snow fall shows a decrease, as the average from 1852 to 1893 was 31 inches and from 1893 to 1908, 25.47 inches; a decrease of 5.53 inches. The annual rain fall for 1909 was: 24 hour fall ... .34.. ... .23.. Annual fall 68 71 .... 2.55 .... 3.25 .... 1.85 .... 7.89 .... 6.23 . . . . 49 Date January 28.. Februarv 22. March 24 1.20. April 20-21 1.10. Mar 1 57. J tine 27 1.71. July 6-7 3.54. August 5 39 September 6 2.16 5.86 October 9 1.02 2.56 November 12 13 2.00 4.41 December 4 61 61 Total annual fall for 1909 37.09 The annual snow fall was 29 inches distributed in monthly falls as fol lows: 24 hour Total Date fall fall January 28 3.50 3.50 February 15 1.50 3.00 March 8-9 10.00 10.00 November 23 50 50 December 24 6.50 12.00 Total annual snow fall, 1909... 29.00 The severe weather of December was general throughout the country, and the blizzard that passed over Texas killed cattle by the thousands, and recalled the great blizzard of 1888, which wiped out fortunes in a single night. The snowfall in Texas and the Oklahoma Pan Handle was never exceeded. Up to December 10th, no rain of of any consequence had fallen in West Virginia, Northern Virginia and Maryland, for six months, and the drought has been extremely serious. The extremes for December, 1909, were: Date. Max. Date. Min. 1 51 8 -6 2 45 9 -8 ?3 40 18 -5 16 40 29 -11 31 43 30 -7 25Xmas...27 25 Xmas.. 7 -This sign preceding numerals indi cates the degrees below zero. Mean maximum, 26. Mean minimum, 1. Mean, 13. The snow fall for tin nth was 12 inches; greatest 24-hour uil, 61 inches on the 24th, precipitation .60; precipi tation for the month 2.05. The normal temperature for De cember is 31 degrees, and for the month just closed the mean was i3 degrees, an average of 18 degrees colder than the average for the past 50 years. Thus the month of Decem ber, 1909, goes upon our records as having been the coldest December, ever known here, taking the month as a whole. A year ago, on . January 6th ther thermometor touched 13 below zero, and on the 5th, 1910. the needle touched the same spot. On the day previous, Tuesday of this week, Jan uary 5th, & severe- snow storm pre vailed for some 15 " hours, beginning; with a heavy sleet. The total snow fall was 8 inches and.the prcipitationv one inch. The storm was general throughout the country. Real Estate Matters. With the total warranty deals for the last month of the year of $61,401, the year which closed Friday last, shows an increase of $660,707 in the value of the real estate transfers over the preceding year. Tire total- sales for 1909 reached the unprece dented figures of $2,010 ,203, and for 1908, $1,349,526. The highest notchv in realty sales ever reached in our county prior to.l909,was in 1905, wher the totals reached $1,589,539 $420,694 below the 1909 figures. The real estate" movement in ou? county lias never before reached such a prosperous and healty state. The deals which have been recorded show that investors, large and small, have been attracted by our real estate mar ket, and there has been a general though healthy advance in the value- of real estate all 'over' the county both in farm lands and ..town proper ties. . . t. The new yearseem9'to" 'be starting out in more than a walk, as we leant that a few good deals were closed lastr week: R. B. Bridgemanbought the J. - B. Payne place in tlie southwest portion of the city, consideration, $2,600. Lee Stephenson has bought th John Intermill 130 at $125 per acre. Will Bragg has sold his 126 acre near New Point, to Lile Bender at $120 per acre. . Al Hershner sold his- 80 acres to Earl Stephenson for an' even $5,000. James Ramsay bought 40 acres from Earl Stephenson, for $4,000. Census Enumerators. Any person of good judgment, who has received an ordinary common school education, can readily and easily pass the test to be given appli cants for census enumerators' placft on Saturday, February 5th. The test, will consist of filling out a sampl schedule of population from a des cription, in narative form, of typical families, and, in case of enumerators whose work will be in the rural dis tricts, they will be called upon to lilV out an an additional sample schedule of agriculture, from information fur nished by the census bureau. All persons, whether women or men, who may desire to become cen sus enumerators must be citizens of the United States; residents of the Supervisor's district for which they wish to be appointed; must not be less than 18 nor more than 70 years of age; must be physically able to do the work; must be trustworthy, hon est and of good habits; must be able to write plainly and with reasonable rapidity. Application forms, with full in structions for filling in, and complete information concerning the test and the method of appointment, can be secured by writing to the "Super visor of Census, St. Joseph, Mo." All applications must be properly filled in, and filed witli the Supervisor not later than January 25th, as any filed after thatdate will not be con sidered. Left a Will. : The will of John S. Intermili, who died at Haxtum, Colorado, December 21st, 1909, was filed for probate, De cember 27th. He executed his wflr in Oregon, February 2, 1909, which was witnessed by Carey E. Bunker, and Frank Petree, and he names his son Grover as the executor. The will is a brief one, and lie simply provides that two years after his death, his executor shall convert all his properties into' cash, and dis tribute the same equally to his s$l children, Edward E., Ellen Hiittoo, Birdie W., Edna, Lulu and Grove?. The rapid spread of smallpox at Easton, Gareksbti':gV."Agency an&, Hemple, 'towns near"to St. JoseTpl, and the vii'djehce 6.t."$he disease haSt prompteu the couitty; court of Bu,t chanan county Co Quarantine 'those towns.