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loll Co unto 46TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. AUGUST 26, 1910. NUMBER 16. WW AUGUST jMD L2JLj45iL T 8 9 lOlTT 12 15 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21222514252627 28950511 In Nebraska State. Mr. and Mrs. John Bond have re turned from Cook, ISTebr., where they were visiting their sons, Erie and Wilmer, for a couple of weeks. They had a pleasant visit, and have this to say concerning it: ""We left Forest City, July 2Gth, at 12:30, arrived at Tecumseh, the coun ty seat of Johnson county, at 4 p. m. Erie met us there in an automobile, and how we did enjoy our 14 mile ride to his home. We, neither of us, ever saw such vast wheat and oats fields. It was in the shock, and was very heavy. We found the boys and their fam ilies, and Will Greiner and family all well and prospering. Corn had been needing rain badly, just as we needed it at home when we left, but they had a nice rain when we were there, then another, an inch rain the following Monday, and last Saturday a fine, two-inch rain, which will give them a fair com crop. It was a pleasure to think, afterour return, of the boys' fine fields of corn being thus saved by the Giver'bfall good, through the gracious coming of the rain. Tecumseh is a beautiful city about twice as large as Oregon. It has not a single saloon, but is the home of many churches, and has one of the very handsomest courthouses we have ever seen. li is surrounded by abeautiful park, containing statuary and mounted can non. Cook is a nice, little town, about the size of Oregon, and should we ever leave "Old Missouri" it will be the town for us, for we both came home with the Nebraska fever. In a ride of only eight miles we counted the smoke from 14 threshing machines, and from one view we counted the smoke from 13 threshing machines. It is hard to tell which ride we en joyed most, the one as we went, not ing the great wheat and oats fields standing full of heavy shocks, around and between Tecumseh and Cook, or our return, 14-mile ride by carriage to the train, wherein we found a thresh ing machine at work ever few miles. There was one little incident that astonished Mr. Bond and I, and as we were from Missouri, we had to "be shown," and that was that while we were there the boys and Will Greiner helped a neighbor do a day's thresh ing. It had rained the night before, and they began at 10 a. m. and threshed 1840 bushels of oats by night. We found more timber in Johnson coanty than in Holt, for here we are ruthlessly cutting our timber, and there they have been planting it. We enjoyed parsing the large, beautiful groves, planted in rows just wide enough apart for a wagon to pass be tween. Surely Nebraska is a grand state, with a great future before it. We found her people very sociable and hospitable, and know we shall want to "go again" in the near future. 11. M. B. esssm Can You Spare the Time? This is a splendid time to kill the weeds on vacant lots and the alleys and our council, if it can possibly spare the time from its other busi ness, give this matter some atten won. we Know our councumen are crowded with their private business affairs, but it does seem to us that they might take time to tell the street commissioner to proceed to cut the weeds. We have several vacant lots and some of the alleys in different parts of the city that are covered with a rank growth of weeds especially the ailey running north and south through block (J, are covered with a rank growth of weeds. These weeds are beginning to ripen and will soon be scattering their seed to the four winds. They are not only unsightly but a prolific source of ill health The hay fever season is at hand. This disease is caused by the pollen from weeds, that from one weed affecting some persons while that from another having an equally bad effect upon oth ers. By cutting the weeds down now very much hay fever may be averted, and, not only that, but the general health of the community as well asits appearance may be improved. If owners of vacant property will not keep the weeds down then the city ought to have it done and charge the expense up to the owner in special tax bills. The welfare of the city de mands that something along this line be done and it is hoped the tight on weeds will be commenced at once. A few weeks ago Mrs. E. M. A us tin sprained her ankle and has since needed crutches in walking. Last Sunday evening she was walking in the yard when one crutch slipped and she fell, fracturing her knee cap Her many friends will regret to hear that her injuries are so severe that she cannot hope to walk for several weeks. It is trusted, however, that she will not be permanently crippled. Fairfax Forum. The Corning school district is building its two-room school addition, at a cost of 2,918, and the work is ex pected to be completed by October 3, to which time the opening of school has been postponed. The school this year will be in chargeof Prof. Hogrefe and wife and Miss Myrtle Peret: the latter for several years has been a teacher in the Oregon school.. We are truly sorry to learn that the health of Mrs. Harry Haigler, of Bigelow, has been such as to necessi tate her going to Colorado. She and her husband left Saturday of last week, for the San Luis A'alley. We hope the change will prove beneficial. J. A. Springer is now in charge of the Gladstone hotel at Mound Citv, purchasing the furnishings from Will Iliatt, Mr. Springer havingowned the building for some time. Dean Hindman and wire, of Fair fax, were Wednesday of last week visiting with George Stephenson and others. THEY GRIND EXCEEDING FINE The August Term of Circuit Court Now Grinding A Light Docket. The movement to remodel the legal practice in our state and place it upon a basis of common-sense justice ought to be strengthened bv an incident which occurred in our state not many months ago. Fred Werner, a member of the house of delegates in St. Louis, was convicted or bribery in connec tion with the passage of a certain ordinance. Werner at once appealed to the supreme court, the chief grounds being insufficiency of the state's evidence and error of the court in permitting the circuit attorney to make certain statements to the jury, which the defense held were not sup ported by the testimony. The closing part of the indictment against Werner reads: "Contrary to the form of the statute in such cases made and provided, and against the peace and dignity of-state." The word "the" was left out of this sen tence, and the supreme court held that this omission was 'ital and at variance with the express provisions of the constitution. As a conse quence, the judgment oi me inai court was reversed and the cause re manded for a new trial. This was the sole point in the case. Of course, the supreme court fol lowed the law and the practice which allows reversals on technicalities. Presumably it is this sort of hair splitting that the reformors are seek ing to overcome by a law which con fines the scope of reversible errors to matters that are vital to justice. There are many other cases of per versions written in the records of var ious states: Here only a few: A was convicted of murder in the first de gree. His conviction was set aside be cause the foreman -of the jury, in writing the verdict, spelled first fust." C was convicted of murdering D by stabbing him in the left breast. The supreme court, without examining he question of his guilt or innocence, ordered a new trial for no other rea- soh than that the otlicer who copied the indictment had written "brcst" instead of breast. L was convicted of murder. The supreme court reversed the case be cause the record did not say that the prisoner was present at his own trial. But he was. Oh, yes: it was the clerk's mistake: no one had intimated that he was not, but the court would not condescend to ask about it. A was convicted of murder in the first degree. After describing the wound having been inllicted by stab bing, it charged that B did instantly die. The conviction was set aside be cause the indictment did not read 'did then and there" die. Another it occurred in our own state. A man named . I udd was given two years for fraudulently register ing. He was charged with register ing under the name of Charles Cohn, but charged that he signed the regis tration book by the name of Charles Cohen. By reason of the different spelling of the name the case was re manded. We have forgotten just when Bob ngersoi oieo. out it seems 10 us mat it must have been a dozen years ago. His widow had to bring suit against wealthy client for a $100,000 fee, due her husband. After the case had been to the United States twice, she final- y succeeded in getting her final de cree, only a few months ago. If there is anvthing worth while involved and ou do not feel as if you are likely to live beyond the allolted span of life ou had better settle. The highest compliment a lawyer feels you can pay him is to tell him that while justice and the evidence ere all for the other side, yet he got the decision for his client. We have heard of a man who is 0 mean and small that he couldn't find a lawyer who would take his case into court for him, even though he was offered his fee in advance. This was a great surprise to us for e have always been of the opinion that some lawyers would tackle any thing. Judge Shelton, of the Macon circuit, has ruled that reading the newspapers does not disqualify men for jury duty, en if the papers contained accounts the crime under consideration by ic court. He is said to have gone so far as to say that a man who does not ad the paper is unfit to sit on any urv, ana it. ougnr. 10 ue made t lie law. (Continued on Page Two.) Will Get Back Pay. It will be just like finding it when the members of Co. B, 4th regiment G. 31.. who saw service in the Spanish-American war. when they re ceive their back pay. although twelve years have elapsed since the boys in blue from Holt county were mustered into the service. The back pay is for services between April 25, ls!S, the date of enrollment, and May 10, 1S0S the date when thev were mustered into the service of the United States, Adjutant General Eumbold will is sue pay checks to all those veterans who have sent him their names, com pany and regiment. He will be in St Joseph Saturday of this week, and will act as paymaster, and those of the 4th regiment in this countv might go down and get what is com ing to them. Each private will get $3.00: the pay of officers varies and some will receive neat sums of monev from General Rumbold. Company B, of the 4th Regiment, was made of young men from Holt county, the larger number being from Mound Citv, It was oliieered bv E. E.King, captain; D. W.Porter, 1st lieu tenant, and E. K. Ballard, 2nd lieu tenant. The two former officers re signed September 15, and E. Is Bal lard became captain, L. L. Crider, 1st lieutenant and W. A. Groesbeck, 2d ieutenant. The regiment was mustered into the service at Jefferson Barracks, hear St Louis, May 10, 1808, and mustered out of the service at Greenville, S. C, February 10, 1899. The company lost four members by death. These were: Scott J. Baker, at Craig, September 25, 1898, while on furlough. Frank Forney, corporal, at Garfield hospital, Washington. August 22, 1898. Curtley Hollenbeck, at Fort Meyer hospital, Virginia, July 18, 1893. Edgar G. Morgan, at 2d Div. hos pital, Dunn Loring, Va., August 22. 189S. All of these bodies were brought to their homes in this county for burial. Most all of those who enlisted in this company from Oregon have left forother fields asalso many at Mound ity, Maitland. Forest City and Kew Point, have gone to other places. Ed. Keown is the only one left here now who will be benefited by back pay. Matt Eiler is still here but was im mediately mustered in on enlistment. Ted Higgle is now dead, having died in this city, November 2(5, 11)07. Harry li. Thuma died at Omaha, March 7, 1S)10. The others from this city, Carl Bond, Ledford Goacher, Chan Kun kel, Arthur Petree, Frank Pender gast, Fred Seeman, Bert Nipher, Guy Nipher,Paul Howell, are seeking their fortunes elsewhere. James A. Williams is now in the banking business at Forbes. He was mustered out as a corporal. Ward B. Mower, a corporal, was re cently given twenty years in the peni tentiary at Kansas City, Kan., for murder. In looking over the muster out roll of this company, we recognize many familiar names, and we find many of them are prospering, while others we knowing, nothing, but would like to receive a "postal shower"- telling us where you are: what 3011 are doing: are vou making goodV Another Handsome Home. Another elegant homehasbeen add ed to the long list of beautiful homes in our little city, that goes so far to make our city the city beautiful. Andy Tochterman has just finished the five-room cottage, with concrete basement, for Don Morgan, our rail rord agent, and Mrs. Morgan and baby Morgan have taken possession. It has five, large, comfortable rooms on the ground floor, bath, toilet, fur nace, electric lights, and every way modern. It is finished in natural wood southern pine, and its arrange ment is found to be so conveniently arranged as to bring a smile to Mrs. M. that simply stays. Mr. Morgan is so busy at his railroad duties that Mrs. Morgan is looking after the de tails of moving. Biggest Ever. Official estimates for August, as made by the Agricultural Depart ment at Washington, show that corn is still king, with a promise of the largest crop ever raised, notwith standing big losses during J11I3-, west of the Missouri River. Despite losses of 220:000.000 bushels during last month, the crop promises now stand at 2, 940, 000.000 bushels, or l.',000,000 bushels more than the bum per crop of 190(5. Lloyd Thatcher has returned from the University summer school and "ill remain at home until the fall semester opens. Clean-Up Day. County Superintendent of Schools Reavis has named Saturday, Sept em ber 3, as general Clean-LTp Day for all the rural schools of the count iinougn me columns oi tne various county papers, patrons, pupils and teachers are requested to meet at the school house on the above date and scrub the floor, wash the windows and woodwork, cut the weeds in the yard and put the school premises in first-class condition for the opening of school. He informs us that Clean-Un Day last year was generally observed but not quite to the extent it should be, and he hopes for greater success this year. We believe it is mighty essential that the boards and people take this matter up and see to it that the chil dren of the rural community have as pleasant environment as it is possible equal to that of the town pupil and thereby create a desire for country life, the one thing that will help to solve the problem of the- high cost of iving. jarenrs, you cannot expect vour children to stay on the farm and out up with broken window lights, dingy walls, poor seats, unkept yards, poor water and unwholesome conditions surrounding school life, while the children of the towns have well-light ed, heated and ventilated school rooms, and all modern improvements including libraries, laboratories, etc The state is doing what it can to help the rural schools. Superintend ent Ileavis tells us that a plan has been devised by the State Depart ment of Education to approve all rural schools that meet certain condi tions. To each school that measures up to this standard, a handsome cer tificate is-sued by the State Depart ment will be given and is validsolong as the standard is kept. Before any rural school can be ap proved it must meet the following conditions: Does your school meet them? It must have an eight-months' term. The teacher must hold a second or higher grade certificate. Library must have twenty or more well-chosen books. The course of study must be fol lowed. griculture must be taught in the higher grades. Instruction and discipline must be satisfactory. The classification and organization must be good. The school house and grounds must be in good condition and kept so. ifter a rural school has met the above conditions it must grade 80 points on the scale of 100 before the certificate of approval will be granted. We hope the various school boards will get busy, and that we may hear of 50 certificates being issued to that many approved schools in Holt county this school vear. Sounds its Warning. The katydid has sent out its warn ing to lookout for an early frost. The katydid did this very thing some 45 and 47 3'ears ago and made its warn ing good by giving us an early frost, which came August 25. 18153, and Au gust 20, 1805. Katy began singing quite early teis year, 1010, and some of our agriculturists who believe in such things feel somewhat concerned. Of course, many laugh at Katy's story, but still our farmers would "just as leave if Katy would forget to sing so alfired early." It is an old saying that the katydid begins her tunes just six weeks prior to the coming of a heavy frost and this would mean a heavy frost abont the 28th inst, and we know owing to the lateness of our corn crop, from a late spring, bad seed and the necessity of replanting and the dry spells have added greatly to the delay in matur ing. But pshaw! The Holt county farm ers never do pay any attention to Katy s singing they just go along and attend to business all the time. They know they are going to have a fine corn crop that it is really too far along to cause much worry. Let the katydid sing all it wants to. Miss Mary Moore was a St. Jo. seph visitor last week. Mrs. C. D. Zook was shopping in St. Joseph last Saturday. Harold Kearnoy. of Columbia, is here visiting Holt County relatives. A man died in Macon recently who lad changed his place of residence seventy times. Life's fitful changes are over for him now. Miss Mildred Koock has returned home from her visit with Kansas City and Jefferson City relatives. Her uncle, Roy McKenna, of Kansas City, accompanied her home and spent Sunday with his sister, Mrs. Charles Koock. Late Rains Helpful. There are pessimists every where, and we have them in Holt county just the same, but the belief is gen eral now that Holt county is going to have a splendid corn crop plenty for home consumption and a goodly amount for export. Up to Saturday last, 20th instant, we had li inch of rainfall, and while it has not been a normal fall and not sufficient for the pastures, the corn has not suffered since the 2d of Aug ust, when we had .13 of an inch of ram. The corn suffered most the last week of July, when the hot winds for a day or two swept over the countv. One of our largest corn growers, who is acquainted with conditions over this county, says that while the crop is badly hurt in spots, the corn is generally above the average and he believes there will be an average yield of 40 bushels per acre taking the county over. This is larsrer than for the past two years. It is true that we are thus far some 15 inches short of the normal rainfall, but we believe from the information coming to us from various farmers. that we will .vet have a good corn crop. The critical time for the corn is now nearly passed and it will not be long until the people will get over their scare and the realization of a ,rood crop will revive the spirit and turn the pessimistic feeling into ex- huberant optimism. Holt is all right this year as she always is. Adds New Libraries. The Burlington Railroad is install ing in its Library Cars, complete new libraries. For some time past they have been making an exhaustive investigation of the question of libraries most suit able to the traveling public. About year ago the road added books bear ing the titles selected by Dr. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard Uni versity, for his "five-foot shelf," and after having kept- a careful record for several months of the extent of these books were called for, it was determined the library was not par ticularly adapted to the desires of those who travel, as the books are made up of what is commonly known as "hard reading." After an investigation extending over several months, durinsr which we secured the opinions of literary critics, newspaper men, and a large number of people who travel exten sively, it was decided to adopt a li brary composed mostly of up-to-date short stories of foremost American, English and foreign authors. Eacli of the thirty short-storv volumes con- ains stories by at least five promi nent authors. To this selection is added standard works of fiction and some solid reading, including' twelve olumes of Shakespeare and the Bible. The books comprising the so-called five-foot shelf" will be removed and donated to a few Diiblic libraries along the line, where they will no doubt be found very useful. It Is Over. Notwithstanding the rains of the first part of the week, Maitland's fair last week proved a success, from ev ery point of view in attendance, en tries, and gate receipts. Their purses in the ring entries were liberal indeed, and the premiums offered in the live stock, grain and agricultural departments brought lib eral exhibits. Its success is largely due to the fact that it is situated in the heart of one of the best agricultural sections of our state, and surrounded by a class of farmers and stockmen that are pro gressive and alive to the interests of the town and surrounding country. The track lias a reputation for be ing one of the best in the state and it brings a class of speeders every year. It is the only fair in this section of the state, and has always been liber ally patronized. The managers aim to conduct it in a manner that meets the approval of the best of our citi zenship, and it was so conducted this year, as it has in the past. We congratulate the management on its successful management, and trust the 1911 fair will be equal if not surpass any of its previous efforts. Homer Myer, of Lawrence, Kans., is here on a visit with friends. lohn Colvin, of St. Joseph, spent Sunday here with his sister, Mrs. Anna Markland. -Miss Susan Ellison, of Maryville, was the guest of Miss Mary Zook for a few days this week. George Seeman and his mother lave returned from a week's visit wiLii sun Him oroLiier jtiiz. wno is selling lumber at Oakland, la.