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I- - VUUII 46TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 9, 1910. NUMBER 31. mm Vfl DECEMBER fl lF ISUH.HONJTUE.WED.THUJFRlJSATJ Jgs W 1 1 I ! 112 15 flf M JL56 JL8 91Q 0 l II 1CZ3 Give Credit Where Due. I 'spose you've heard about the boy Who would not go to school. But stayed at home and lounged about: They called him ''Mother's fool:" Who, afterwards, in later years Surprising to relate Became a Captain in some war Or, Gov'nor of some state? Haven't you heard about him? Well, I have! You've prob'Iy also heard about TheyoungJad; in disgrace: He of tlutJtUBgledbbir apd ra?s With grime upon his face" Who to the prison once was sent," And there reformed his plan. And, afterwards, became, in life. A great and useful man? Haven't you heard about him? Well, I bave- And also of the giddy girl Who thought her home a cage Who to the reform school was sent. Before she 'came of age: W.bo then repented of her past. And vow'd to sin no more: And, afterwards, the gospel preached From ocean's shore to shore? Haven't you heard about her? Well. I have! Now, from the glory of these folks I would not take one dot 1 n fact, I'd rather hear them prals'd And credited than not: But don't you think this sort of thing Can be push'd most too far T11 ev'ry child will think that first On good, he must make war? Haven't you e'er thought of this? Well, I hare! We're wont to kill the fatted calf And feast the wayward child Who's now reformed Its evlt ways Though grossly 'twas'defiled And tell our children there's more joy Upon the return day Of one lost sheep, come back, than for All those that weren't astray. But, haven't you thought th'sall wrong? Well, I have. 'Tis said Saint Paul was as good a man As on this earth e'er trod: But I'd have thought him just as good Without his war on God! It always seemed to me that some Of our exultant praise Might just as well be given those Who ne'er sought eTil ways! Hafen't you e'er "-bought this so? Well, I hare! Eriklath. Big Destruction of Hay. Several tons of wild prarie hay in the bottoms south and west of Mound City were destroyed by fire on Wed nesday of last week, November 30th. A large force of men were stacking hay on the Anderson, Dungan and John Brown lands. The fire started on the Brown land and is supposed to have originated by one of the men lighting his pipe and thoughtlessly throwing the match down, which ig nited the hay, and the dry condition of the grass around, only a moment had passed when it was discovered that one of the immense stacks was on fire, and so rapidly did it spread that the flames' ravages were not checked until some 600 tons of prime wild hay had been destroyed. Ferman Strickler, who had rented the large tract of land belonging to the Anderson heirs, was the largest loser, having 31 immense stacks to burn: T. C. Dungan lost 20 out of his 30 stacks and -lohn Brown lost per haps 20 stacks. The hay was ok' fine quality and was worth from $10 to 912 & ton. Some Signs. If you know anything1 about the "signs," it's time to get busy with your notebook, and if you have any influence with the elements, you cer tainly owe it to your neighbors and friends and the public generally of this land of the free and home of the brave to get in your smiles on the weather clerk, and encourage him as much as possible to make the signs good. According to the calendar,, Decem ber 1 was the first day of i winter. That day it was clear: the second was a repetition of the first , and the third was just like the other two. If the prognostications are right, that simply means that we are to have three months of similar weather as we had the first three days of Decem ber. Strange, too, the goosobone and corn husk theory is in perfect harmony and say that the winter is to be a mild one. We'll just wait and see how these unanimously agreed signs pan out. Now "signs'" may be alright to plant potatoes by and Eiler and Foster may be guided by as to hunting for 'pos sums, and when it comes to raking up one that will give us three months like the first three days in December, 1910, we register our highest personal admiration for old man "Prognostica tions," and shall ask Mr. Champ Clark to make him chairman of the ways and means committee. If we have thunder in January it is generally safe to bet on having frost in May. We had the May frost this year, but the January thunder failed to be heard. Some Poultry. Will Patterson and wife were in town Saturday last to close up a deal for the purchase of the (50 acres be longing to the Bender estate for which he paid $30 an acre. The land is all Nodaway lottom land, and is in the center of most all of JMr. Patter son's land, and hence it will prove of great benefit to its new owner. Mrs. Patterson tells us she is still in the poultry business, notwith standing the ravages made upon her flocks by Mr. P.'s hogs. She has ap proximately some 2,000 chickens, prin cipally of the Buff Orpingtons, Rhode Island Reds and Plymouth Rocks. During the laying season, she mar kets about $100 worth of eggs per month, and her income during the year is quite handsome: from her poultry sales. Mr. Patterson is now feeding 1,900 head of young hogs. Uncle Ezekial Headley is delight edhis baby brother, David, who is now 73, and in fine physical condition, with his wife, are here for an extend ed visit. He has a large farm near Columbus, Ohio. We congratulate Bi other Bevers on the enlargement of the Forest City News, from a six column folio to a six column quarto, thus enlarging his paper to twice its former size. HOLT'S SURPLUS PRODUCTS. Holt's Shipments for 1909 Valued at $2,880,658 Loss $89,114. An index to the prosperity of a country may he seen at its railway stations. There will be found the record of all products shipped out and things shipped in. That shipped out is surplus products, or what is pro duced in the countv more than is needed for home consumption. If the surplus shipped out is larger than that shipped in. or if we are selling' more than we are buying, we are prospering. The amount of prosper . I 1 , 3? i is guugeu uy me uaiauue oi snippe out products over those shipped in. ' The Annual Red Book, issued bjj the State Bureau of Labor Statistics, will be in press in a few weeks, but through the courtesy of the bureau,' we are able to give our readers a sum mary of the surplus products shipped from Holt county during 1909, from advance sheets furnished us by thej Bureau. ' The report shows that 7,009 acres were sown to wheat, the average yield was 20 bushels, a total yield of 140,180 bushels, and the market value was $149,993. There were 97,286 acres put in corn, yielding an average of 33 bushels per acre, and the totaPyield was 3,210,438 bushels valued at $1,920,203. 14,328 acres were sown to oats, av erage per acre, 26 bushels; total yield,' 372,530: value, $152,737. There were harvested a total of 12, 285 tons of hay and forage, valued at $146,192. The assessed value of the live stock for the year 1909 was: Horses, $320,- 600: mules, $121,000; cattle, $215,450: sheep, $3,920: hogs, $95,310: asses, $3, 120. The estimated value of the grain and hay and live stock is . placed at grain, etc., $2,375,185: live stock, $759. 400 total, $3,134,585. The Red Book when issued will show the surplus products of Holt county for the year 1909 were as fol lows: Live Stock- Cattle, head 20,964 Hogs, head 78,483 Horses and mules, head 1,043 Sheep, head 0,935 Goats, head 165 Jacks, stallions, head 4 Value, $1,869,929. Farmyard Products- Poultry, live, pounds 965,113 Poultry, dressed, pounds 268,840 Eggs. dozi 873,114 Feathers, pounds 2,540 Value, $260,755. Apiary and Cane Products- Honey, pounds 4,120 Beeswax, pounds 206 Sorghum molasses, gallons 1,894 Value, $1,166. Farm Crops- Wheat, bushels 33,465 Corn, bushels 518,640. Oats, bushels 34,520 Eye, bushels 718 Alfalfa, tons 25 Hay, tons ... .; 1,414 Tobacco, pounds 514 Popcorn, pounds 1,840 Bluegrass seeds, pounds 30,000 Cowpeas, bushels 320 Nuts, pounds 5,340 Value, $377,862. Vegetables- Vegetables, pounds 121,750 Potatoes, bushels 2,398 Canned vegetables and fruit. pounds 700,135 Value, $28,296. Fruit Miscellaneous fresh fruit, lbs.. 8,240 Melons 1,800 Strawberries, crates 1,400 Apples, barrels '. 45.179 Raspberries, crates 400 Blackberries, crates 1,410 Plums, baskets 190 Grapes, baskets 1 ,100 Peaches, baskets 445 Pears, baskets 103 Value, $142,116. Medicinal products- Roots and herbs, pounds 1,500 Bark, pounds 300 Value. $180. Flowers and Nursery Products- Nursery stock, pounds 4,600 Cut flowers, pounds 350 Value, $405. Wool and Mohair- Wool, pounds 21,859 Value, $5,465. Dairy Products- Butter pounds 113,472 Ice cream, gallons 2.870 Milk and cream, gallons 139,950 Value, $56,098. Forest Products- Hardwood lumber, feet 112,500 IDgs, feet : : 40,000 walnut logs, reet Cordwood. cords 7.240 Cooperage, cars 24 Excelsior or sawdust , cars Value, $35,041. Fish and Game Products- Game, pounds 5,400 Furs, pounds 2,413 Value. $867. Mill Products- Flour, barrels 7,340 Corn meal, pounds 150,000 Bran, shipstuff, pounds 890.000 Feed, chops, pounds 120,000 Value, $54,590. Liquid Products- Wine, gallons 120 Cider, gallons 1.160 Value, $402. Packing-House Products- Hides and pelts, pounds 182,880 Dressed meats, pounds 120.090 Tallow, pounds 18,265 Lard, pounds 1,676 Value. $33,026. Unclassified Products Brick 40,000 Junk, cars 5 Ice, tons 4.460 Value, $13,850. . Aggregate value, all commodities, $2,880,(558. Like the revenues of an empire are the figures in the 1909 Red Book for Missouri's surplus products for 1909. The enormous total of $342,542,903, an increase of almost$28,000,000 over that of 1908, includes only such commodi ties as were, duringthe twelve months considered, hauled, driven afoot or shipped to market from the 114 coun ties of Missouri. The largest one item in this vast array is for live stock, which amount ed to $136,250,858. During the six years the state has raised a surpus of ive stock to the tune of 7,926.330 head. The second largest item on the list is that of farmyard products, rated at $45,902,655, and showing the Missouri hen to be worthy of her fame, spread far and near, as an unrivaled wealth producer. Next comes the classification of farm crops, which amounted to $38,- 462,756, and include all the field crops, such as com. wheat, oats, hay, flax, rye, cotton, potatoes, tobacco, etc. The largest single item is whiskey, which was shipped out of counties to the extent of 564.047 gallons, worth $1.269,105. The largest item for Holt county is that of live stock, the value of which is placed at $1,869,928. and the second largest item is that of farm products placed at the value of $377,862. Nodaway, Atchison and Holt rank high in the shipments of apples dur ing 1909; Nodaway 104.216 barrels, Atchison 45,310 and Holt 45,172 bar rels. During the past census decade of ten years, Holt's surplus products have reached the 'astounding figures of $22,772,793; 234,893 head of cattle, and 766,149 head of hogs have been shipped out of the county during the years 1900-1909. For the same period Holt has shipped 1,173,575 bushels of wheat and 4,507,579 bushels of corn. The surplus products shipped from the various counties comprising the Fourth Congressional district for 1909 totals $28,962,141, distributed to the several counties as follows: Andrew $ 2,664,949 Atchison 3,346,171 Buchanan 10.1(50,414 Holt 2,880,654 Nodaway 5,644,127 Platte 4,305,822 Total $28,902,141 Holt's shipments for the past ten years have been: 1900 $ 1,919.763 1901 L540.381 1902 1,987,1(58 1903 1,836,011 1904 - 2,017,072 1905 2.278.206 1906 2,741,602 1907 259(5,160 1908 2,969.772 1909 2,880.658 Total $22,772,793 Holt's population is 14,539, with an area of 434 square miles, and a popu lation of only 335 to the square mile, her people manage to feed themselves and help to feed the world by ship ping abroad annually an average of 117,000 bushels of wheat. 450,757 bush els of corn, 23.448 head of cattle and 76,614 head of hogs. Her bank deposits for the past ten years have averaged $1,576,339, an av erage of $108 for each man.' woman and child in the county on the basis of the present population. How's Holt? Pretty healthy, thank you. Come to Holt. Word reaches us that Miss Nellie, daughter of John Campbell, formerly of Clay township, was recently mar ried at her-home in Utah. RURAL SCHOOL GARDENS. Agricultural Education in County How It Is Taught. Holt rtv ;in nnt imecnr? In- l.,ct- l-.tr. i lature, the subject of elementary ag riculture was added to the list of sub jects required for a county certificate, BHfcJlMWifWfnw ifni if i fTi f iff MmTI RURAL GARDENERS AT CULP SCHOOL HOUSE MISS BESSIE SMALLWOOD, Teacher hence all applicants must pass an ex amination in agriculture. Holt county schools are among the first in the state to take up this and make it a part of the course of study. This work has been vitalized and made very popular by ,the push and earnestness of Superintendent Reavis, in about thirty of our rurai schools, by the aid of school gardens. The plan wasduring the fall months to ask the class in agriculture to spade up a plat of ground ten or twelve feet square, and lay it off in rows about a foot apart in which were planted a large number of different kinds of seeds. Careful observations were made in testing seeds, germination, growth, effect of frost, etc., and these noted in a book. Drawings of seeds, plants, methods of grafting were made, practical. prob lems worked out: pictures of farm implements were cut from agricul tural papers and posted in this note book, in connection with the study of such subjects as corn and wheat. Some school spent a few dollars for simple apparatus to perform easy experi ments efficiently. The teachers have been provided with a large number of bulletins from the United States Ag- icultural Department and State Col lege. Professor Reavis informs us that lie will offer a set of new geographical readers to the rural school having the best notebook in agriculture at the educational meeting, to be held in Mound City, Saturday next, Decem ber 17. In addition to this he tells us t hat a substantial award will be given to the individual pupil who made the notebook. This proposition is open to any rural school in the county. Our illustration represents theCulp school agricultural class, Miss Bessie Smallwood, teacher. Startling Revenue Figures. The increase in the production and consumption of whiskey, beer, cigars, cigarettes, tobaccos and snuffs, during the year ending June 30, 1910, has been truly remarkable, to judge from the annual report of the internal reve nue bureau. Dur ng the year there has been an increase of 30,000,000 gallons of whis key distilled over that of 1909, an in crease of one billion cigarettes, an in crease of 3,000,000 gallons of ferment ed liquors, 1(50.000,000 more cigars and 4,000,000 pounds more tobacco. These figures, particularly for whis key, may well make the curiouspause and inquire how such things can be. Thirty millions additional gallons of whiskey would give every man, woman and child in the country a third of a gallon a tremendous increase: and an astonishing one, when you come to think of it. On all of these things the bureau collected something over $285,000, 000, which came out of the pockets of the consumers, who spent for these luxuries over $1,500,000,000. This is the largest per capita consumption of all the countries of the world, though France may surprss in wines, and Ger many in beers. What is more to the point, it is an increasing consump tion, while other countries show a de creasing. Tills increasing consumption cannot be explained by assigning large popula tion, for the comparison is made with 1909. It cannot be accounted for by extraordinary conditions of any kind other than increased indulgence of habit, encouraged perhaps by the bet ter financial circumstances of the people. To a certain extent, prosperi ty is always characterized by greater expenditure for luxuries. And this expenditure is not curtailed 'till ne cessity for necessaries compels. There are other equally strange things in the bureau's report. For instance, the fact that moonshining and snuff-dipping, two practices the average city man probably thinks of as almost abandoned, are actually looking up considerably. But why dwell on them when, whiskey, cigars and cigarettes offer all the surprises that anyone could reasonably ask for? The figures made public by the in ternal revenue department are truly startling. Enough so to cause sober thought as to final results if the in- crease of consumption of liquors and tobacco shall continue as great in the future. The proposition isessentially an economic one, though it has its moral aspect; and it is from the view point of social economics that we be lieve the figures should be studied by every citizen. November Weather. The month just past takes its place as the dryest 'November ever known here only .20 "of an inch of rain fell; the dryest November up to this time was in 1904, when only i of an inch fell. The normal for the month is 1.63 inches. The month this year was in striking contrast to that of Novem ber, 1909 the month a year ago was continous cloudy and rainy and 4.41 inches of rain fell, greatly retarding: corn gathering and was the greatest November rainfall ever known here. The month for 1910 was a most de lightful one, and while it was some two degrees colder, it was in every way an ideal month in temperature. The normal for the motli is 40 degrees while the month just passed the mean was 38 degrees. The coldest. Novem ber was in 188028.78 degrees; coldest November day was on the 27th, 1887, 9i degrees below zero. The two warmest Novembers were in 18(55, 47 degrees; 1909, 46 degrees. November usually brings some snow, but this year only traces were record ed on the 2d and 29th. The greatest snowfall here was in 1857, 13 inches. Thanksgiving day was a beautiful day, clear , and crispy, and heavy wraps were unnecessary; the high was 58 and the low 41 degrees. In 1909, the heavy rains of the month put the Nodaway out of its banks at places and' communication between Maitland and Graham was by boat; this was during the week of the 24th. The extremes for the month here have been: ( Max. Min. 7 (58 5 YJ 8 72 - 17 18 9 65 19 16 26 71 28 15 27 64 30. U 24. .Thanks g.r .58 24. ..Thank'g. ..4L Mean maximum 54. Mean minimum 25. Mean-38. The rainfall for the month was .20 of an inch on the 20th: snow flurries on the 2d and 29th. The price of automobiles is com ing down, judging by some of the ad vertising. We note, also, by recent market reports, that the price of hogs is also coming down. A fair exchange is no robbery, they say, so as long as everything comes down together there is not so much chance for a kick com ing. Incidentally, corn is not yet 14 cents, nor hogs $2.25. When these were standard prices some 14 years ago, all the farmers of a school dis trict clubbed together could not have raised the present price of a standard five-passenger auto. The first ice of the season ap peared in the Missouri river Thurs day morning last, December 1st.