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SettM. 46TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 23, 1910. NUMBER 33. ii ii i im ip I h i i I I. i" " mmm mt hi 1 1 DECEMBER M) 6 EZZ3C A Lesson in Railway Geography He stood in the station ; she at bis side (She is a fair, younp. bluslilnjt brido): On their honeymoon they're starting now: It always follows the marriage vow. He looks at the flaring railroad maps. At the train of ears and his baggage traps. And whispers 'Pettie. how shall we go By the Kankakee or the Kokonio'r" These railroad maps confuse the eye: There's the C.B. Q. and the R. X. Y.. And this ont-say. your life is at stake On any road but the Skye Blue Lake. The N. E. R. L. X'Q: J. Have sle pers on the entire way; But I've heard these trains are much more slow Than the Kankakee or the Kokomo " She murmured, "Sweetie. I've heard pa say AVhat a fine old road is the P. G. K., Bnt mama seemed te disagree. And prefers the X. S. H. O. P. On the Texas cowboy Mustang line; But still, perhaps, we'd better go On the Kankakee or the K komo." A conductor chanced to pass them by. . And the bridegroom caught his gentle eye: He said, "O, man with the cap of blue. Inform me quick, inform me true. "Which road is best for a blushing, pure. Young, timid bride on her wedding tour; And tell us quickly what you know Of the Kankakee and the Kokomo." The conductor's eye gave a savage gleam. These words rolled out in a limpid stream: -There's the A. B. .1. D. V. R. Z. Connects with the Flip-llap-bing-bang-B. You can change on the Leg-off Seuville Grand, -And go through on the Pan-cake-ace-full-hand. The road you know Is blocked by snow The Kankakee and the Kokomo.) "The Pennsylvania, Pittsburg through Connects with the Oshkosh, Kalamazoo, With a smoking car all afternoon. Just the thing for a honeymoon: And the Central Scalp-tooth Bungvllleswltch Goes through a viue-clad country rich; Of the road you named I nothing know The Kankakee an 1 the Kokomo." The bride said, "Baby, 'tis best by far Like the dollar, we return to par. (That's a pun I heard while on a train On the U. R. F. G. Jersey main"). The conductor smiled; his eye-teeth showed. He had spoiled the trade of a rival road. He knew in his heart there was no snow On the Kankakee and the Kokomo. And the bride anil the groom returned to pa, Who heard I Mill and then suid "Pshaw! If you found that you couldn't go that way Why didn't you go on the Cross-eyed Bay!'" The bridegroom gave a howl of pain; The railroad names had turned his brain. He raves insane forever more In a madhouse, chained unto t he floor, He gibbers. "Tootsle, shall we go By the Kankakee or the KokomoV Something for 1912. That the Missouri River is omitted only temporarily from the list of ap propriations for rivers and harbors is the assurance of General Bixby, chief of engineeers, given prominent Mis sourians who called on him recently in Washington. lie assured his call ers that the "Big Muddy'' was on the approved list and that there was nothing to fear from the report of the latest board that has been assigned to determine the plan of improvement. Tremendous pressure to down ap propriations, the general said, had been exercised by the President. The only reason the Missouri had been left out was because it already had an un expended appropriation. He assured his visitors that the river would be recommended for an appropriation for 11)12. :esss! 8 9 lO Takes Missouri's Place. In the United States and all its possessions the Stars and Stripes pro tect 101,100,000 souls. This is the of fieial estimate of the United States bureau of the census, announced last week, in connection with the popula tion statistics for the country, as enumerated in the 13th decennial cen sus. It includes the Philippines. Sa moa, Guam, Hawaii, Alaska and the Panama zone. Within its borders on the North American continent, exclusive of Alaska, the United States hasa popu lation of 91,972,2(5(5 inhabitants. In the last ten veal's the states of the union had an increase in population of 15, 97,7(591, which amounts to 21 per cent over the 1900 census. Since the first census was taken in 1720 the country has grown 25 times as large, the population then having been ,'5,929,214, slightly larger than the present population of Texas. The states showing the lowest in crease, falling below 10 per cent, are tive in the great central section of the country, Iowa, Missouri, Ken tucky, Indiana and Tennessee: the three northern New England states, and Maryland and Delaware. The states and territories in their rank according to population are: 1 Xew York. 27 Maryland. 2 Pennsylvania. West Virginia. .-Illinois. -Xebrasktt. 4 Ohio. 30 Washington. 5- Texas. 31 Porto Rico, (i Massachusetts. X' Connecticut. 7 Missouri. :C Colorado. 8 Michigan. 34 Florida. J Indiana. 35 Maine. 10- Georgia. lit Oregon. 11 Xew Jersey. :17 South Dakota. 1J California. :is Xorth Dakota. 18 Wisconsin. 3Rhode Island. 14 Kentucky. 4) Xew Hampshire. 15 Iowa. 41 Montana. lii-North Carolina. 42 Utah. 17 Tennessee. m Vermont. 18 -Alabama. 44 District of Col. 10 Minnesota. 45 -Xew Mexico. 20 -Virginia. 4t -Idaho. 21 Mississippi. 47 Arizona. '21 Kansas. 4S Delaware. 23 Oklahomi. 4!-Hawaii. 24 Louisiana. , ii'.i Wyoming. 25 Arkansas. 51 -Nevada. 2ti South Carolina. 52 Alaska. Prices Likely to Be Higher. "No more low-priced beef." This is the assertion of A. .1. Blackstone, of the Wyoming Slock Growers' associa tion. He says ''that during the last two years Wyoming and South Dako ta, which constituted the range of the country, has been cut up, and the land settled upon by farmers. This has driven the cattlemen out of busi ness. Resides last summer the ranges were almost totally destroyed by drought. The result has been that the market has been Hooded with range cattle, and consequently prices dropped to a low level. Thev reached the bottom, and now have turned. "Before spring prices on beef will be the highest ever known. Thev will go up, and this time they will stay there, simply because the cattle are not in the country. Prices have not been manipulated. Beef is like any other commodity, the price being regulated by the supply and demand. The country is short of beef , and high prices must result' Some Early History. The act organizing Ne-at-a-wah pro vided that all taxes collected within the limits thereof should be expended in intermal improvements within the Territory, after paying the expenses of collection: but that appetite for misapplying the public funds about which the people still complain, had germinated and grown into a very large stalk then: Suartwout, of the Buchanan county court, was in the zenith of his notorietyas an unlawful appropriator, and the ollicials of Bu chanan county had misdirected the revenue of coonskins and beeswax, which tlowed in from Ne-at-a-wah to illegitimate uses: and not until years afterwards -1848- did they disgorge: and then only when .lames Foster, our representative in the XVth general assembly, succeeded in securing the passage of an act requiring Buchanan county to refund the amount unlaw fully obtained. The organization of Buchanan coun ty and her dependency, Ne-at-a-wah, was not completed sufficiently to en able the citizens to participate in the congressional election of 1838, but in 1840, 1.4(58 votes were cast for presi dent, representing a population of (5,337. In 1850 the number of votes cast was 3,974: of which 2,101 were cast in Ne-at-a-wah proper. The population of the district had in creased during the same period to 30, 10117,28(5 of which belonged to Ne-at-a-wah. In 18(50 the population had increased to 48,690, and in 1870, to 70, 912 and of the entire Platte Purchase to 94,301, and today the six counties, according to the 1910 census, is 179, 707. Joseph Robidoux, Sr., was the first white man, of whom we have any ac count, who visited the Purchase. He came as far up as the point where St. Joseph is now located in the year 1799 for the purpose of establishing a trad ing post among the Indians. The Black Snake Hills struck him as be ing the most suitable place for such an enterprise and afterwards, in the year 1803, he located there permanent ly. In the year 1S27 Robidoux was re lieved of his loneliness by Zadoc Mar tin, who established himself at the crossing of the road leading from Lib erty to Fort Leavenworth. about thir ty miles distant. Ten years later Jo seph Walker settled on Hackberry Ridge in what is now Andrew county. The following spring, in 1838, Peter and Blank Stephenson, two brothers from Indiana, settled , in the south eastern part of what is now known as Holt county, abont five miles from Oregon. A few months later, R. II. Russel, John Russel and family,. Tames Key and John Sterrett and family came to the same neighborhood and settled. Robert Nickell settled dur ing the same year in the grove which now bears his name and is now in what is known as Nodaway township. These original families have long since passed away. Blank Stephenson was killed by a bolt of lightning near his home, May 17, 1841. R. II. Russel died June 2, 1847, John Sterrett died from cholera, June 30, 1855, and his widow, Eliza, is the only survivor of the original band of settlers: she re sides in Oregon, and reached her 93d birthday on August 28, 1910. W. H. Sterrett, her son, only died but re cently. September 30, 1909, age 75, coming here with his parents when 4 years of age. James Key was acci dentally killed near Grand Island, Neb., while hunting by a companion, Alexander Boyles. in January, 1848. These were followed in the year 1839 by many others, among whom were Callaway Millsap and wife, who settled at Sonora in what is now Atchison county: the Baldwins and Blairs came and located south of where Mound City is now located, and known today as the Blair district. Then came Roland Burnett, John Gibson, and Harman G. Noland, who located near Oregon. The progress of the Purchase was now rapid, the fame of the extra-; ordinary fertility of the soil and gen eral healthfulness of the climate reached the most remote parts of the country and across the ocean in Han over, Baden, and oilier sections, they heard of it. Many disposed of their earthly possessions and hastened to secure homas that today afford all the comforts and conveniences enjoyed in anv of the older sections of our coun try. Mr. and Mrs. W. I). Spencer, of Craig, were greeted with a pleasant surprise on Tuesday, the 13lh. that. date being the 501 h anniversary of their wedding. The children and grand children gathered at the home a little before the noon hour and ar ranged for an elaborate dinner and other entertainment in commemora tion of the occasion Craig Leader. The Gladsome Season. The annual Christmas season, with its joys and sorrows, its happy home comings, its family reunions, turning our hearts and minds towards the contemplation or those things that pertain to the higher and better life of man. is upon us. It is an unusually happy one in Holt county. The past year has been a prosperous one. No great calamity has overtaksn our community. Business has been good and labor plentiful. There is enough surplus wealth in the county to pro vide a Christmas feast for everyadult and a Christmas toy for every child. And. what is better still, there is manifested here a disposition to make the most of the season along those lines that are calculated to exalt us as a community, and bring jo.v and happiness to us as individuals If there is a Holt county home that will be void of Christmas cheer it will be because the workers in such cause in the various localities have been una ble to find it. Everybodj' here wants to be happy and wants everybody else to be happy, and because of this spirit the Christmas of 1910 in Holt county ought to be one long remembered. The tendency in Christmas observ ance in late years has been to drift away from the original significance of the festival. The occasion is nothing more, nothing less than a birthday the birthday of humanity's elder brother in the celebration of which all men are interested. The commer cial spirit was once but little noticed during the annual Christmas season, while now it seems to predominate. The giving and receiving of presents is a beautiful custom and there can be ho objection raised to its growth, the only regret being that this custom should degenerate into a mere mani festation of commercial activity, void of all tender sentiment, so necessary to the Christmas spirit. Let us take care that we do not allow the day to fall into disrepute because of this tendency toward commercialism. The Sentinel sends Christmas greetings this morning to its readers, 3'oung and old. May their cup of joy be overflowing and the spirit of the elder brother come into the life of ev ery one. All of us. who can, should spend the day at home, cultivating the acquaintance of the family and living, for one day at least, to make others happy. There should be an absence of selfishness, an abulingspir it of charity, and hearts overflowing with good will toward all mankind. There should be a renewal of conjugal devotion, of filial affection and a strengthening of the ties of human brotherhood, to the end that, the race may be broadened and uplifted by the observance of this annual festival. And from out of this recognition of the true Christmas spirit will slink the commercial spirit like an unbid den guest, for whom no seat at the feast lias been prepared, and through it all we shall get back to first things, getting from the observance of the Christmas festival what the fathers longed for and looked forward to through the remaining months of the year. State Corn Crop. That, the year 1910 has been one of progress, prosperity and plenty for Missouri farmers is shown by the De cember crop report on corn, wheat and oats. This report just issued by the state board of agriculture shows that the state's corn yield amounts to 500.000 car loads of 500 bushels each, or 20,000 train loads, each train con taining 25 cars. These trains, if placed on a single track so that each engine would touch the caboose in front of it, would extend across the continent ocean to ocean, with enough left over to fill a side track as long as from Kansas City to St. Louis. Missouri's total yield of corn for 1910 is placed at 252,472.100 bushels, the average yield for the entire state being 32.4 bushels per acre, an average increase of live bushels per acre over that of 1909. It is also a matter of pride for Mis sourians to know that this year's corn yield in only one-half the counties in the state equals the total corn crop of one-half the total number of states and territories in the union. One Missouri county alone produced more corn in 1910 than did eleven states and territories combined. The wheat yield of the state for the year is placed at 22.001 ,890 bushels, or an average of 13.2 bushels per acre. Missouri this year produced a "bumper'' crop of oats, the total yield for the state being placed at 25.071.115 bushels, the average being 33.2 bush els per acre. Miss Hortense Dungan was an over Sunday guest of her friend, Mrs. Fred Duncan, who is visiting with her parents, C. C. Fuller and wife, of Mound City. Thirly-Nine Years Ago. Tf nothing out of the ordinary hap pens, the Women's Fnion, of this city, will celebrate its 39th birthday on r nuay,. January u. iun. it was the first women's club organized in the state, and we believe it was the first organization of its kind in the United States. Its charter member ship consisted of Mrs. S. Q. Goslin, Mrs. Anna Batcheller. Anna McCoy, Mel vina Soper. Ann K. Irvine. Marv Curry, and Elvira Brodbeck. Its first meeting was held at the home of Mrs S. Q. Goslin, and its preamble in the framing of its constitution and by laws, read that the purpose of this or ganization shall be for the "mental, moral and physical development of woman." From that day to this, we believe this band of noble women have made good in its every phase of its preamble. Of this charter membership only three are living today. These are: Mrs. Ann K. Irvine and Mrs. Mary Curry, of Oregon: Mrs. Anna Batch eller, of St. Joseph. The club annual ly remembers these survivors in some form of token, which is given them as their birthdays come around, and this year each received a sterling sil ver spoon: Mrs. Curry received hers on September 24; Mrs. Batcheller, De cember 9, and Mrs. Irvine, September 27. Oh. these landing places in our life's voyage makes this life worth its living. The influence of these splen did women has gone on and on, shap ing and molding the character of our young men and women, until today our city stands out as a gem in all that goes to make up a community of refinement and culture. To be retrospective we would say the Women's Union held its first annual roll call, January (5, 1874, and the fol lowing constituted its membrship at that time: Mesdames S. Q. Goslin, Tillie Shutts, Nancy Hershberger, Mary A. Bevan, Ellen Foster, Mary Nies, Melvina Soper, S.A.Scott, II. Blanchard, Grizilla Wolf, I). E. Bennett, Sarah Jacobs, M. J. Workman, Mary Edson, Ann K. Irvine, Delia Blake, M. A. Wilson, D.J. Lukens, C. E. Pat-tin, A. E. Goslin, Elvira Brodbeck, Anna Batcheller, C. Curtis, Mary Curry, F. S. Montgomery, M. S. McKnight, C. Bucher, - M. McMurray, L. Hoblitzell, Anna Norman, C. Schatz, R. Potter, L. A. Christian, A. M. Noble, Misses Mary Luckhardt, B. B. Price, Louisa A. Boyd, Mary Collins, Ella Allen, Alice A. Parker, Fannie Price, Maggie Martin, M. Hoblitzell, Lida Potter, Fannie Soper, Jennie Stone. At this time Mrs. Goslin was the president; Tillie Shutts, secretary, Ellen Foster, treasurer. May its organization go on forever. That Contest. Some special interest attaches to the notice of contest of the late Missou ri state election by the fact that one of the attorneys for the Democratic contestants is former Judge William C. Marshall. Judge Marshall was the judge of the supreme court who wrote the opinion when the court de cided that, in a contested election case, it was not lawful to compare the ballots in the ballot boxes with the list of voters. The case in which thatdecision was rendered was one in which the Re publicans of St. Louis contested the election of the city officers who. went into office when Joseph Folk was elected circuit attorney. When the opinion of Judge Marshall was handed dowrr the Republican contestants saw no way open to them for establishing theircharges of fraud and the contest was dropped. It was an interesting and rather dramatic sidelight on those charges of fraud that, while the men who were elected on the face of the returns held their offices, some of them lost their places when their as sociate on the ticket. Mr. Folk, had them sent to the penitentiarj'. That decision of the court, for which Judge Marshall wrote the opinion,, ..and a later case wherein Judge Gantt wrote the opinion, hold ing that the ballots could not be examined in a criminal prosecution for alleged fraud, disclosed a state of the law in Missouri which the court, as it stated in itsopinions, was power less to remedy, however unsatisfactory it might be. Former Judge Marshall, in his pres ent capacity of attorney, of course knows of the opinion of former Judge Gantt, 'so that there are probably some features of the present contest which were not involved in the earlier case. The Smudge Pot. R. B. Dolsen, a large grower of ap ples in McDonald county, Mo., in a recent article in the Kansas City Journal, tells his experience in mak ing his orchard profitable, which for several years had been unprofitable He says: "For the one spraying which the trees received last spring, lime-sulphur and arsenate of lead was the material used, and it effectively disposed of the codling moth. Then as a means of conquering Jack Frost, he equipped the orchard with 5,000 oil-burning-heaters or smudge pots. The interior of the orchard was alloted forty pots to the acre while the trees at the out er edge were protected by forty-five pots to the acre. Just at the time when the apple trees were in full bloom last spring, and when the frost was due to de scend like a thief in the night, these smudge pots were lighted and kept burning an average of six hours per night for four nights. On the coldest night, April 25, when the tempera ture fell to 24 degrees outside the or chard, these heaters prevented a fall below 30 degrees in the orchard it self, the fires being lighted at 11 o'clock and kept burning until after daylight. The oil burners, in which was used a very thick, black oil, produced a dense cloud of smoke which hung over the orchard until the next noon, and in a measure prevented the radiation of heat from the atmosphere sur rounding the trees." As a result, it is being pointed out that from this orchard of perhaps 240 acres the owners harvested something like 10,000 barrels of marketable ap ples this season, while near-by orch ards similar!' located had either very small crops or none at all. At harvest- time one of the leading periodicals devoted to horticulture commented to the effect that "in this heated orchard the crop is heavy and many of the trees are carrying a load of ten bar rels of fruit that will sell for $3 per barrel a load that was saved from destruction by frost at an outlay of about 12 cents per tree for oil. The net profit on each acre will approxi mate 20O. This is 10 per cent on a valuation of2,000:per acre. and yet the land in that part of the state can be bought for from $40 to $200 per acre, depending on its condition. The work of Mr. Dolsen has demonstrated beyond doubt that frost can be con quered and that a big crop of fruit can be grown in even the most frosty locations of that part of the country. The Supreme Court. The President has named and the senate has confirmed his action in naming Justice White to be chief justice of the United States, and Jo seph R. Lamar and Willis VanDeven ter to be associate justices of the su preme court. Tiius the President nominated a Democrat to be chief justice in a body now composed of six Republicans and three Democrats. Whatever his purpose the President certainly met every objection of a political nature. -He recognized serv ice rather than politics. The only opportunity for the Presi dent's nominations to be criticised appears to lie in the fact that Justice White is a Democrat and Justice Van Deventer is a progressive. The Presi dent may be accused of catering to the "opposition" jfor'the purpose of securing support for his legislative program in congress, yet such accu sation upon investigation would in all probability be found to be without foundation. The more important fact that bothWhite and Van Deventer have good records, the former on the supreme bench, the latter in the Eighth Judicial district, appears to have more largely influenced. It may be true that the President has lis tened to the petitions of the insur gents, but if he has granted them it is also true that they possessed merit. But the President in reconstructing the supreme court as he has, appears to have taken into consideration. im portant questions to come before that body as well as men who should de cide them. He has promoted a just ice who is thoroughly familiar with all the proceedings in the delayed cases, that have so far engaged the attention of the court, and he has se lected one justice who has in a sub ordinate court tried cases of a similar nature. Thus all members of the court but lwo may be said to be fa miliar with the law and the proposi tions that enter into the important controversies, which now ought soon to be terminated by decisions from this tribunal. - "PhipM Greene has left a real cu riosity at our office; the scalp of a rabbit, with three little horns at the base each of ear, the longest of which measure I of an inch in length.