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Cohimliln jjo, NAITLAND NAITLAND FAIR AUGUST FAIR AUGUST 122-25, 1911 22-25, 1911 47TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, AUGUST 18, 1011. NUMBER 15. 1911 CHAUTAUQUA. A Grand Success One of the Best Programs in the History of Our Chautauqua. S Large Attendance Every Day. Nearly Fays Out This Year for First Time. Arrangements Being Made for s Next Year's Chautauqua- J Over 700 Season Tick- j J ets Already Sold i i for 1012 Chau- j j tauqua. j The tlftli annual session of Oregon's Chant auitia lias come ami gone, leav ing Iti Its wake a remembrance of nine-days' splendid entertainment nine days of enjoyment Mich an It Mould lie difficult to duplicate even liy long and arduous search. Anyone not pleased with the lectures, enter tainments and musical features of fered at this year's Chautamiua Is In deed a critical person, and It Isdoubt fill If he understands that which Is really good and Instruct he. The management Is recommended once more for the success of another year's program. The members of the executive committee have, as usual, labored bard, without remuneration: put tin); their best elforts Into the cause, they have given us a Chau tauqua equal In every respect to the best. Its successful passing gneslntu that history that belongs to beautiful Oregon and surrounding country. Having partaken of the moral and In tellectual feasts of the week, the pro cess of dines! Ion Is going on and In this respect those who attended are akin to the ruminating species of the animal kingdom-they are chewing the end of a healthy and vigorous In tellect, keenly appreciative to the good things provided for the mind anil soul, during '.he entire week. It. C. Hughes, the platform man ager's, morning lectures and lllble work were inspiring and uplifting. Our own local baud furnished mu sic for the tlrst day's program and re ceived much favorable comment. Without doubt It is one of the very best amateur bands In Northwest Missouri. Kvery member knows bis Instrument, and under the direction of Edgar S. Thatcher they are cer tainly making a splendid record. They received compliments from all hands. They had several new pieces on their program. The Sunday program special fea tures was a lecture on the "Holy Land" by Charles S. Medbury: was especially well chosen and his devel opment of his subject was at once solid, richly enlightening and enter taining. He combines an excellent voice with an essy stage presence, which at once captured bis audience. He Is pastor of one of the largest con gregations In the l.'nlted States t'nl versify Church of Christ, at Pes Moines, la. The llruby Family the whole bunch of nine, father and eight chil dren, two of whom are girls, and ev ery one a musician, who never misses a note or makes a discord. In ex pression and technique, our local mu sical critics tell us they were perfect. They legan their engagement Sunday afternoon, closing Wednesday even ing, and their entire line of pieces were from tbo masters, and our pco pie were simply charmed with their worknot a dull moment during their slay at any time on the plat form. The evening program opening the annual Chautauqua was tilled by Strickland W. Olllllan, the poet hu morist. He was a decided, hit. His "rambling, homely, every day talk by a rambling, homely, every-day man" was richly enjoyed. "Tickles anil Trickles" was his subject, and tickles of laughter mingled with trickles of tears, for he has a wonderful gift of sympathy and pat lias as well as com edy. Ills number proved a good starter for the Chautauqua. Monday was Educational day. Ow ing to the severe wind and rainstorm the day previous, the attendance was not as large as was expected, but the Interest and enthusiasm were at a high tide. Mr. I. N. Everhard, of the State Department of Education at Jefferson Glty, was present and delivered an I excellent address on the making of a man, In which he emphasized the Im portance of forming hablls of Indus try In youth: to make thorough preparation for life's work: to he hon est, and sincere. He Is a pleasing speaker and a man of culture that pleases werever he (joes. The next speaker was the old horse in Missouri educational matters, Dr. .lolin It. Kirk, of the Klrksvllle Nor mal school. He dwelt on the subject of sanitation and the Importance of sclent lllc know ledge, and In a very positive anil dramatic manner lie sent home some truths that will I tear fruit. Those who do not agree with Sir. Kirk acKiiowicdgu mat lie Is a master In bis line of work and believe him to lie honest and sincere In his belief. The Itural graduates assembled In the court house park, and headed by Thatcher's Military band, proceeded In a body to the grounds, where they were dismissed for the noon hour. Following the noon hour they assem bled and after a concert by the llru- by's they were addressed by I. N. Everhard and I'rof. .lohn II. Kirk, and presented with their diplomas. There were i!'.' of the 'i graduates present. Those receiving their di ploinas were: MA ITI. A Ml IDSTomCK. Lillian (ioodp.is- tore, Hoy Kline, Helen Long, Arthur I'rather, Earl (ilhson. MOUNII CITY Ira ('ottler, llryan Cbllders, Mabel Smith, Marie Patterson, .lane How let t, I'aul Itlcker, I'OSTIimt!!'.. Illanche Cottier, Sidney Thomas, Nannie Donley, Harry Thomas, Iteiina Meek, Harry Moore, Larry .ludy, Clarence I leek. IIHTIimtiK. Lottie I'russman, Lora Preston, Dwlght Zachnian, olive McDonald, leyl Swope, Lela Williams, Loma llond, Myrtle Moore, Wayne Mulder. Nellie Caiitlln, OICKIlll.V Katheru Callow, Alma Springer, Nannie Cropp, nniiiKs posTnmci-:. . .lohn llbodes, Harry Morgan, Marvin (llhbs, .lohn Harper. llltlKI.OVV IIMTomi'K. OoldleCrow, Christina Forney, Helen Courier, (ioldle Smith, Leta .lacksou, Kessa HulTinan. NKW I'OINT IIISTOmCK. Vern Dreher. i'ltAKI rosroKKIOK. .lay Combs, Cora Kuck, Ethel Eckard. KOHKHT CITY I1MTOFKIHK. Daisy Murrah, Leonard Hopper, Ella Hopper, Itoliert Anno, Frank Comer, Earl Scbaelfer, Llllle Moser, Mattle Stone, Italph Emerson, Netta Asblock. Noah llellharz Is a real artist. So many facial artists are silly and clownish, but Mr. llellharz lifts the ridiculous Into the realm of true art He gave us "The Hoosler Schoohnas ter" In Monologue and costume, in which he impersonated the many ee centric characters and related the whole story In a most charming and realistic manner. Tuesday afternoon we had the pleasure of listening to Itichmond Pearson llobson, and many expected to hear him on the Vellow Peril, but In this were agreeably disappointed and he chose for his subject "The Destiny of Our llepubllc," and It proved one of the strongest presenta tlons of the cause of temperance ever delivered here. He believed that nations prospered In accordance with Its promises and fulfillments. He believed this nation contributed more to the uplift of Its people than any other nation on earth, and the progress of the world was brought about by Its overcoming obstacles and by uplifting Us people He believed war was a thing of the past and that all dlitlcultles between nations would soon be settled by a Hague Jury, composed of master minds of the world. The gieat danger to our Kcpubllc was neglect: failure to do those things that would make and keep us a nation of strong, vigorous people.: and we will be the sufferers, by this neglect and our nation would he the depths of defeat. Thec.iuseof temperance must lie fought out to a victory because our Ivlll.atlon Is at stake. War was not the only destroying agent, and not the largest. England, Germany and other nations have concluded there were other causes. Scientific Investigation by these nations have led them to believe that the use of alcoholic beerages Is the greatest agent of destruction self suicide. Alcohol was a deadly poison, and one glass of beer reduced the drink er's elllclcncy per cent. No Intoxl- ant can possibly have any medicinal inalltles. Out of every iILihni of pop ulation l.iHHi deaths occur from use of Intoxicants, and only .vxi of total ab stainers, hence the total abstainer has twice the show for life. II per cent of the deaths are caused by the use of Intoxicants: alcohol Is killing '.'.nun of our population dally. The total killed In all the battles or his tory Is 7mi.inni, yet alcohol is killing that number In the I'nlted States annually. Its use is destructive and degenerative. It stops the develop ment of the higher mental cells and you begin to go down until the evolu tion ceases. Spray your fruit trees with alcohol, mid watch the results -no fruit. He Ighted the effects of breeding dogs, and the use of alcohol and Its bad ef fect- the litters, bad from those giv en alcohol, ami the normal, healthy condition of those treated as total abstainers. Then the cases of the sisters and brothers tested under the same treatment, and results healthy and unhealthy children. lly lnteiiiierate parents, one child In every live Is Insane and two- thirds are blighted, whereas nh.'i per cent of those born of total abstaining parents were normal children at birth. Th the Intemperate parents, and the continued use of Intoxicants meant a race of degenerates de formed, Idiocy, epilepsy. He cited the fact that as a nation we were los ing billions by Inelllcleney. pauperism mil squander by Its use. There was but one life to life, ami that was a life of total abstinence. He would rather bean Amerlcaiithaii sit on an Emperor's throne. The danger of our llepubllc was In I liu liitti:isliur us of :lIio1io1Ic liever-' ages, for the annual consumption had I Increased since theclvllwar from s gal lons to 'X gallons per capita. The ef fect of eltlclency and use of alcohol he cited III the Itussla-.lapauese war. The temperate habits of the latter was what gained the victory of mis- sla. lie pleaded that this great destroy- er must be destroyed, and the people must get together and destroy It else it will destroy It as a nation. Dr. Frederick A. Cook, the Arctic explorer, told in a simple, straight forward manner, before a large audi ence on Wednesday, thu story of his achievement: the audience soared with him to the Arctic heights to other world dreams. He began his speech, which consumed about two hours, by a vivid description to the North Pole, and ended with a hitter attack on Commander Peary, who, he said, had stolen supplies owned by Cook. "It Is the verdict which I am seek ing. I do not care for the empty boast of gold medals nor thu advan tage of prl.es of unearned money to support me hereafter. I want a fair hearing and a fair consideration from you as representatives of my own countrymen. I want lo talk to you under a clear, blue sky, freed of the blackcloudsof an unfair controversy. I want to take your hand and meet you face to face and say: 'Let us rejoice, for the American eagle has spread Its wings of glory over the world's top.' I want you to be satlslled that the North Pole was honestly reached. "And my reward was to he called a liar, a cheat and an Imposter for over a year because another man claimed a second victory and wished for seltlsh, personal reasons to destroy the tlrst victory. I was compelled to meet cowardly slurs of the yellow press and rival interests. 1 am hereto ask you, Is it rairV "First go with me step by step over the seas of crystal glory to the limit of human habitation; then follow me over perennially Ice-sheeted lands, through new Edens of animal Joys, and over yawning seas of Icy desola tion to the boreal center. "After you have looked through my eyes ami stepped In my footprints then Judge for yourselves and for your children If my mission was hon estly performed. "in May. l!07. I made a compact with .lohn It. Ilradlcy to launch an Arctic expedition. Together we qui etly worked out the intricate problem of adequate equipment. Mr. Ilrailley hoped to secure big game In the Arc tic winds: my aim was for the pole. "1 will never forget the glorious sight that greeted us as we entered that rock-hound. Icc-pollshcd harbor. It was In the end of August. The sun was Just beginning to dip for Its long plunge to leave the Arctic world In winter blackness. "Four mouths of unbroken night followed. During this time the crea tures of the wilds were stilled. The temperature fell W and in and .') de grees Mow zero. The world about was dead The soul slept, but the hands were ever busy in pic paring for the one grand clfort to reach the pole. "In the half light of winter dawn we rose out of the Atlantic waters at Flagler bay. We explored a new pass over Schley laud ami came down on the Pacific waters at lllg Ford. In severe storms and low temperature we suffered here severely. Two of our dogs were frozen and men felt the pains of severe frott torture, but now as we advanced the temperature fell still lower to s. degrees below zero, "lleie, beyond the haunts of man, wt experienced the Joys of zero's low est There was no wind: the air was dry: the land was tinted In delicate shades-, the sky burned with golden sunbursts. We moved In game trails, lived on the fat of the land and camped In palaces of Ice. "Then the battle tactics changed. In a month we had covered lim miles; had transported our supplies to the shores of the Polar Sea: had lined up to the edge of the very h.tttlcllcld the wild Polar Sea upon which our warfare with famine and frost was to test our Illness as polar victors. The (Kile was .li'ii miles lieyond. That pole was ours as we now looked over seas of blue mystery to our destina tion. "I believed then as I believe now, that success was Ih-sI assured by a small party of carefully picked men with a light equipment by which a rapid dash would he possible. "On March Is, with four men and forly-six dogs. I began this trans boreal dash. The others were sent back. Al the end of three days we had advanced sixty miles over the laud-ailherliig pack. Again the party was divided In Hue wllh the law of the survival of the litlesl. "Ahwcloh and EtukMicrk. two ' boys of :M, were selected as my sole companions. Twenty-six of the best dogs were spanned lo two tough hick ory sleds. We carried dried food and camp equipment for eighty With this force and out lit we days. must win or lose In the polar race. "Then followed a race against time, food limits and human endurance over the grinding clrcuinpolar seas, on Apiu i we siarieu on 10 iri-i; the last. . '11111 miles to the pole. ' he lee steadily Improved: the barometer rose and remained steady, and the wind came from the west. The drift was east, over smoother Ice, ami still butter progress was possible. lie tweeiillio H7th and Hs, parallels we crossed what seemed like land ice and beyond the ice spread out In smooth plans over which long daily uiaiches were possible. "Dally progress was carefully checked and tabulated by vailous ob servations, and now as we neared the earth's axis our position was noted by the rising sun. At last we reached a spot when the sun at midday and at. midnight was of about the same height. We were at a place on mov ing seas of Ice when our shadows were the same length for each hour of the twenty-four. The observations gave latitude tm degiees. On that spot, on ApVll '2, inns, we raised the stars and stripes and claimed the tlrst attainment of the pole. "We found no footprints there, "Two days were spent at the polo to measure the altitude of the sun every six hours, and then we started for the long return march." Thu story of Mr. Cook seems plausi ble, but nothing In our opinion was presented that convinces us that he ever reached the North Pole, and wo believe this is the opinion of the greater part of thu people who heard him. Wednesday evening the Morphets entertained with their charming and bewildering program of magic, melo dy and mirth, and for more than an hour they delighted the audience by their high-class entertainment. Many of their tricks were new, and some of them his own original stunts. They st age t heir at t ract Ions charmingly. The National Hand and Orchestra began their engagement Thursday and they delighted their audiences In the fullest measure. It's a band "what makes music." There was not a single dull number during their stay, and on playing their last num ber Sunday night , they were given a ringing, hearty applause. Thursday allernoou we had a spe cially strong number. PamahasJka and Id pets entertained the crowd royally, and set the youngsters as well as the older set wild with delight. To see the pleasure that this enter tainer gave the children ought to re pay any adult for the price paid for admission. To see their smiling, happy faces, and hear their shouts of happy laughter made the reporter feel he was once again a child, as bis pets obeyed Ids every call as with hu man Intelligence. .lohn 11. Hallo, In Thursday even ing's entertainment of character readings and Impersonations, was Just as good, If not better than when he appeared here a year ago. We doubt If his equal can be found at least, If there Is an equal he has never lieen seen or heard at any of our Chaulau quas, He Is truly gifted and the au dience regretted when lie closed. Parlette Halph Parlcttc.eamc Fri day afternoon and everybody was really glad that he came he was greatly enjoyed last year: and equally so this year. He N mi awkward that his feet and hands seem to get con tinually In his way hut JiM the same he Is a preacher, philosopher, orator and humorist, all In one, and with all his fun" he Is Intensely ear nest. The delighted audience after hearing him went home sorry the lec ture was over. Ills subject was "Wealth" and his keen philosophy convinced every one In good health that they were rich that we were rich because we had the benefit of coal oil and Its uses without the wor ry of production. Those who had good stomachs weie even richer than Hockefellcr, for he practically had no stomach. The man or woman who could let Hie sunshine Into Ids soul was richer by far than the wealthy grouch: the Individual who lives up to the Cioldeu Hole was far richer than the narrow, soul Id, wor shipper of gold. The truthful man was richer than the liar, even If the latter had millions. The honest workman richer than the grafier. Senator llurkett, of Nebraska, had the platform Saturday afternoon. Ills .subject, the "New Woman and the Young Man," was cleverly han dled, and made a Strang Impression on the large audience, as he carried his heareis rapidly from the sublime to the ridiculous, showing the true Ideal of the new woman to be broad-minded, true-hearted, womanly ' woman, who has strength to over- u H mountains of dlitlcultles and heait enough to sympathize In the smallest of earth's trials. Ash Davis entertained the people (Tuesday evening with hi Illustrated , ,,lmoroiis cailcatures, Impersoua i Hons, and cravou work. He was a Krong number. Dr. Alva Helt'cl gave hi pleudid lecture on the "Measure of Man, Thursday evening, ami was a reai in-1 telleclual treat. Whoever listens to the Doctor Is beuetlteil in a way that tends to uplift, and make better the llsteueroi) the helpfulness and uplift ing Inllueiice of the Chautauqua. The last of the lectures came Sun day afternoon from Hubert Parker Miles, one of the very strongest of the bright galaxy of the week. For eilieriitiniOK qoaum's, mi n nun-sunn! t... ..ii ii. i.... ...l. ..I... iriiin, loriMigni minim, mi uii in:" charms and attracts. Mr. Miles' lec ture, "Tallow Dips," Is set down by all who beard It as a brilliant num ber of the Hill Chautauqua. The lec ture covers a large Held of the eccen trltles of our great men Oeorgo Francis Train, Gladstone, the Pope and others. Train, though wealthy, had to ecouomle somewhere, and kept his personal living expenses down to :i pur week, while his family spent .I.(HH1 a week for social func tions. He paid a beautiful tribute to woman and mother, and as the can dle In the humble home was nearly burned out, It reminds us all that our lives are slowly flicking out. We are all only tallow dips. To our idea of measurement on such occasions his lecture alone was worth the price of one season ticket. The Chautauqua came to a most brilliant close Sunday evening, by a series of numbers being given by some of Oregon's splendid talent The National Band closed their en gagemeiit with a splendid program, and MNh Alberta llragg sang two beautiful solos, and Clyde Hulev also sang a solo, and Miss Ina I tot kin gave a character reading from the Lion and the Mouse. I'rof. Ilrooks. of our High School, gave a sprightly talk Prof. IteavK secretary of the Chan tauqa, also made a brief address, and all went home after giving the Chau tauqua salute, feeling richer In Intel lectual qualities than ever before. Hce the commltteeand subscribe for the I IT.' Chautauqua ticket. Most of the talent expressed delight at the natural beauty and surround ings of the Chautauqua ground, llobson wondered how many years It, bad taken the splendid trees which shaded the tenters todevelop to their present sl.. The real Chautauqua spirit was evidenced everywhere and at every hand the gate keepers ever greeted you with a smile, and old friends chased over lo the other side to givu you the glad hand and welcome you back to the old town: and new friend ships were made and formed. The beautiful moonlight night proved Just the thing for sweethearts and they made the best of It, too. More and more it liecmn.is apparent, thai the best men for the place com pose our executive committee. We are proud of them and the systematic manner in which they conducted the Chautauqua. The storm of Sunday somewhat marred the beginning, ami no doubt, curtailed the receipts somewhat, hut every day after was Ideal for the Chautauqua work. While there were many tenters, untie more graciously and hospitably entertained during the Chautauqua work than the "Fudge Club," whose tent was elaborately decorated with school and college pennants. Each and every member of the club has graduated or will In the near future, graduate from some of our more prominent educational schools, Thu Club Is composed of the Misses Illanche Markland, Anna Curry, Mae and Ina Hut kin, Mary Xook, 'Initio and Alberta llragg, Mary Moore. Trot. King. Dale Zeller. The It'll Chautauqua Is voted a bllllluiit success by everybody in at tendance. Compliments can he heard on every hand for the very excellent program furnished. Long may the Chautauqua Idea live, taking deeper root with the succeeding years fortius uplift of the whole people. Would you have iw say more? Can you paint a lllyv Plans are already under way for the HUL Chautauqua, and according to members of the association every ef fort will he made to olfer, if possthle, even a more indentions program than thai of the present year. The advance sale on season tickets for a I next year has been unusually Matter ing, It is said. DoinK Business. IIUsluc ss has been especially act ivu during the months of .luiie ami July at The Inlerurban station, and Agent, Morgan has been kept as busy as a bee to keep up with the work. During .luiie, a total of car loads came In and '.'liT.uin pounds of mis cellaneous height was handled; in tonnage il totalled l,:i;u.u:;!i pounds. .(The forwarding business handled 'J2 cars of hogs, I of hay, I of canned goods and of cattle and 7H,I lit pounds of miscellaneous freight total ton nage, 7ns,iii;i pounds. Total tonnage fur thu month of .lune'was .',7tU,H'i.' pounds. During .Inly, Jn car load lots and .'iTl.'iil pounds of miscellaneous freight, a total tonnage of 1,7,'itJH pounds. It sent out V! cars of hogs, . - . . . and 2 of hay, and 4!,-Ml pounds of miscellaneous freight, a total tonnage of 4.'H),4iU pounds. The total tonnage for July was L'.ist ,nir pounds. Thu total tonnage handled during the past four moutshas been ,!, 877 pounds. In addition to the freight handled during thu month of June, there were ;is,18!i pounds of express handled; LM'Jo gallons of cream shipped out, ami ll'-J passengers went over the Hue. miring July, It bandied 4l,it.'.'t pounds of express, U:i2 gallons of cream and I mi I passengers. Oldeon Kuiikcl, wife and daugh ter, Mrs. Edith McKnlght, and two-year-old son, Wlllard, of Anadarko, Okla aru here on a visit with their daughter, Mrs. W. C. Proud and fam ily, and other relatives. They are en route home from Colorado City, Col., where they have been for several weeks, enjoying the climate and see ing the sights. Mr. Kunkel, who has been quite sick, Is now much better.