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Dfte Ipll ffltnfal 47TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. DECEMBER 1, 1911. NUMBER 29. 3 s if 7 i: jHFTT if 13T IF Iff 17 1$ 1S202JL M"2"S 24EH 26 '27 "28 891501 Village Macksmith. I'mllT II ,-llsllV ,'.lliliy Tin- llluui' lilnchsinltli tli fmr lilm l ii timrlii. cir llmi. i n t 1 1 1 1 1' lil t Anil iLi' imni't. iiikI tin- .'Ii in'li nr. Iii. 1 1 a T uln.nit Inst llii'lr Mils. Tin' vllliiue lilu.'l,iiiltli Mulli s with uli i'. Ax iio iiiit- iti riiti'iiMr III' I I'll- III" IicIM'I IVlllll III, III To -if.iljhHii ii it iln-enr Ami tli"n'in", mill (lii'i I'nip, t. li',s . ."mini liumliy lii-rc llii'y urc Till' tllillUl' llllll'l.sll.llll ltllts Ills UO'll Allll slilllls II "llllll'ilf I'lirlT Tin' n hlli' lil- lii'lpi'io iiiiiii I lir llri's Anil imiiiKi'.v lili llir ui'iir Anil I In' nu hit. ami tin' I'liniilTi'iir. tin, .-In in I rrt'cri'iitly m nr. Ili'lilliil lie 1 1 l:t jt lilm'I.Miillli U Tin' imiiiiiI nf lil 'Imps Tin' -In. i U vi l )' litriri' In lr, Willi ii tllril liN.f i.ii tui Ami llii'iiunrr, anil II In u tl iir. tim, Al It wrlr Ulinl In -lull. Thi' I'lillilti ii, iiuliu: Iniiiii' fin.- ..flu m il , l.i m ik In lit tlir iipi'ii ilimri Tlii'y 111. In i'i' Mm nuiki' liU lilll, Anil lieitr Hii'imntTs m il Ami tlii'i'liiinili'iir "11 11 us llii'y ilii'liui' Tlii-y ni-'fi' liil'l tli:it Infill,'. Ili imi r.H'li iiiiiriilni; In llii'lmiik Ami s.ilisimiiy lilsfiisli: A liluli lll. Inn mill loin: (io.'h i-nut lll'li lilm In I'll! II llllih llnl I lir n hit, mill the cli i 11 II 111 r. tin, Tlii'lr li'iili nil wilnlv uniili. Tin' i'lii'tniil Iti'i' lulu' kIiu'i liat illnl, Tin' Mnllli dn,s tint t lit: III" lilllulili' simp Ii i iirnttll I11I11 A liullilliiir I ilu- 11ml line Ami It 1'i'iii" '(iuiiiiii" nlnivi' tln'iliNir (III II IlllUI'I'll'l'tlll' slu'll. Clili'iimi Kveiiliuj I'i'M. The Bush Policy. President Hush, or the Missouri Pa clllc railroad, gave to thu public an olllelal statement of till' leccnl wreck near Omalia In wlilch M'vi-ral uito l 1 1 led anil Injured. Tills statcuiL'Ut was roinpli'to in detail oven to ns-lnn-Iiik' tliu apparent responxlhlllty for the eauso of tlie wreck. In addition to llils statement, President Hush telegraphed to t lie families of the killed and Injured all the Information that he could obtain .There Is avast difference het ween the Hush policy and the "hush" policy that exists In most railroad presidents' oillces, Itailroatl presidents and nltlclals have heretofore refused to make any statement whatever rcardlm,' accl dents on their Hues. They seem to 1 in mi acted on the theory that any In formation they mlht give mlnlit In criminate them, In consequence of their reticence, erroneous reports .'liavo lieen circulated, and public opin ion has theiehy been iullucncid. Tire result lias been prejudice that' would not have existed In many cases If the exact facts had been made public. Tlie truth in these cases Is morn or less In the keeping of the railroad of llclaU thi'liiselves. The Hush policy, Illustrated by this Instance, is one of frankness and lion, est)'. It ulves tothe public results nf the company's Invest lirat ion. It ad tnlts the responsibility and fixes the blame, both of which belomrs to the company's own employes. It, there fore, maintains public confidence- In the company ana Its nltlclals, a much more valuable- asset than popular prejudice. 1 Postal Censorship. 1 The l!ie!ni)"li(l, V:i . liewspapels pi I ill ci I lull lepiuts nf the Health' inuiiler liial. These lepmls con tained suinc llillii.'s ciitieetnlliu' the publlcatliin nf wlilch then- in;i be a dlt1erence of opinion. Two of Ihe-e I newspapers b;i,e now lieeti-luillcteil by I the I'etieial i.'r.iiiil jury, al the in Istance of the I'nstiil, auUioli I les. fnj' I seudluu' "until" mailer thiouch the malls. 'I'helilal of the ea-es will probably ileleriulne mm c exact ly what the law teally prohibits, ami what it does lint'. If so t hcic will lie less up piirtunity fur dill'eience of opinion. Hul the luillcliiieiit of these news papers on ibis chatiie piacllcally amounts to msl;il ceusuiship which. If can led too far. may alu lile liee tloin of expiesslon, Tlie i-oiMlliitlnii guarantees iree spci'fh and a flee pie.ss. anil although both aie Ire iliently cat 1 led In extieiues, they liae o tar met with thesierurehuKu of an llilelliuelil people. No paier I has leiuained "yellow lur any uieat len'lli of time. Its business has , never ptiispeied. t I f postal censorship Is to he estab lished It would seem that It should ' rather attack piihlicallon that Is se ditloiis autapiiilstic to our iiistliu- lions, il.iuuernus to our i!o eminent. Such piihlicallon Is mucli more mis ' chlcvoiis than that which Is merely I Indecent. There are publications In this country that could be suppressed I for the public kooiI. yet are allowed to (exist. There are very few that cany 1 matter that Is "1111111" for the public I to lead lint only In the repotting of such uiatteis as this Heat lie case. I'erhaps what was "unlll" luthlscase 1 was necessary to Kite to the public a 1 clear idea of the enormity of the of I fense, and the degeneracy of the crlinlnal, I ' - 1 - (iihI helps those who help Ihein 'selves. Iledoes what man can't do, , Man plants and (iod furuNlies 1 nourishment, rain, sunshine, air, and julvcs strength anil Intelligence to ; man and expects him to do some i thing, Let man llnil out the part he Is to do and do that. Smiie men are jso wise that they believe that nature I does not do Its part. Where nature ' falls It is fair to suppose that some of 'these wlsu men would fall also. ' lr, Allen said to us the other day that It was liN opinion that I here I wiru so many widows was because there were so many poor cooks. This would indicate that many husbands 1 hae died of indigestion. The cook is not always to blame lor it. Some 1 cooks waste time in pieparlng dishes that people never eat. The country I is in need of many beltur cooks, . Will Hill, of l-'ortescue,ls ahustl ur, above all things else. One day last week, he weighed In I'Hioo bushels of corn, shelled It and hail It loaded In the cars ready for shipment. He didn't do it all personally, but he had to see that it. was done, and to do all of tlds within 1'.' hours: a fellow had to be Kouig boiiioi in our opinion, POOR HCOKK Al) TEN. Judge Elijah Norton Reaches Hit Ninetieth Nile Post, Hale and Hearty. Tiik Skntinki. sends Its kindly greetings to .lodge KHJah Norton, of I'latte county, who on Tuesday of last week, November 'J I, celebrated his ninetieth birthday, In good health, and still a very active man. and able to attend to much business, a great reader, and keeps in touch with tlie events of the day. .lodge Norton was our circuit Judge In 1H.V. iki, and In Isni-ia'was a mem ber of Congress, lie came to the I'latte Purchase, locating at I'latte City live years after the muster at Liberty, which led up tothe purchase of what Is now known as the I'latte Purchase. Participating In this mus ter was Peter. II. Iliirnett, who after wards became our tlrst client! attor ney, and si'i vcd as governor of Cali fornia. No doubt the venerable and greatly beloved Judge could entertainingly tell of the hardships and advantages of the lanileeker as he came from the sunny Southland, or eastern states, as he forged his devious way to claim a shale In the new piitchase. How the primitive steamboats winked their weaiy way up the tieacheroiis Mis souil. and alter weeks of stern wheel ing, reached dually 1I10 l.il ami most possible accessible point of naviga tion W eston. Hie lieu met lopolis of the bolder count ry. Huw the laud seeker, iisually cany lug all bis pus. si'ssloiis upon his back, walkidhoin Weston uorlbwaiil. and s,.,.,'i,., ids camping split. A later ehaptei could recount the coup of a ilval steamboat man. who put hlscoiupetltotstoeuvy I iv guiding his cralt still failhei uorthwaid and to HubldouxV Land ing, a point hi the very lieail of the new purchase. He could tell of the building of the Hist railroad from the Mississippi tlver lo the veiy Jumping oir place of elv lllallon. He could de scribe the luaiigiiiat ion of (he great national feat ol starling the line of "Pony mall service" fiom KobidoioV Landing to the shoies of the Pacillc. requiring in days to make the tilp. How llieaiilouiobile has come and env -versthedisianci' I10111 ocean to ocean In lit days. The lallro.ul coveis the same distance in less than I luce days, while ('. p. lingers, the avia tor, has hut lecently made I he Journey in les than llnee and a hall days, lie could lell you of the dials of the young lawyer, of his eatlv day: of hlslrlp over his Judicial ciicuit on hoisehaek, with llie statutes In his saddlebags, and how studiously he studied tueiu while riding fiom coun ty to county . .lames Craig and .lames llasseii weie Hie cltcuit attorneys lieie while lie served our people as circuit Judge. Among the prominent lawyers who then practiced befoie him were: Wil- lard P. Hall, who set veil In Cougiess InlMT.Vi, and !u l"iil was chosen governor, .lames II. ilaiilcuhlrc, of Hiichauan county, who was attorney geiieial In InV.', and who made the race for governor In lrn on iu ihsi Itepubllcan ticket. Peter II. Hor net I, ol' Clay county, who was out II 1. si ciicuit attorney, and who alter wauls became goveriioi of California, Isaac C. Parker, who was In Cougiess INTI-7'i, and a 1'nltcd States dlstiii-t Judge, Silas Woodson, wlio was gov ernor in in;:' Til. Willie he was set v lug our peoele on the bench, .lames Craig served as our Congressman, IH.,T-iil. Hen I-' Loan followed him lo Congress, Monllc Oliver pieced Craig to Cougiess, and after Mr. Loan came . I oel I'. Asper. All of these were then prominent practitioners at the bar when Norton was on the bench, He was a member of the lNTi con vention that gave its our present con stitution, and in Isht U (. i. degree was conferred upon lilm by William .luvvell college. In the memorable campaign of Is'iT, Judge Norton tool; an active part, es pousing l lie cause of It M. Stewart, tlie )cmocrallc candidate for gov ernor; his opponent was .lames S, Itollins, At that time the elections weie held In August the llrsl Tues day. Holt had lint live townships at that time and t lit: total vote was I in, and the vote tabulated showed the following results: Tovvslilp. Stewart. Holllns. Lewis lu .yj Nodaway 11 II (teuton T4 It Dallas a) U Clay 10 n Total '-MO V.....i'0(i ai ine lino vieciioT.f 11011 county had VI townships, with 15 voting pre cincts, and cast 3103 votes-l&M lie- Economy of Good Roads. An Important factor not generally realized In the high cost of living Is the public highway. It adds to the price of nearly everything used by ev erylwdy. There are about '.'..Mumnhi miles of public roads In this country and less than two per cent can be classed us Mrst class. According to the reports of the In tcrstate commerce commission, the railroads of the 1'nltcd States handle over Hoo.ono.tHM ton, of freight an nually. Kvery pound of It had to be hauled over the roads toaud from the cars. It has U'uii estimated by gov ernment statisticians that products of the farm aggregating Joo.ono.non tons vvete hauled an average distance of nine miles, at an average expense of 2.1 cents a ton a mile, or a total cost of ftM.iNNi.niM on that slngleclass of t rattle. Tim' average cost of hauling one ton a mile! In Kuropean countries today Is less than In cents. If our farm pro ducts could be hauled at that price the total cost kt annum would he tlMt.mm.iHMi, making a saving of :':it,- (HKI.OOII, Poor roads entail a tluanclal loss to the whole nation, but the farmer and the "ultimate consumer" have to stand the most of it. To do their hauling now our funnels requite ', ihki.ikmi dratt horses, vvoilh over nun ,onn .001 1, Willi llrsi-class roads they would need only hall, as many horses, thus saving ?l .tmi.tuHi.omi. They buy ."mhi.ikki farm wagons each year, laigely because bad mails weal them out so fast. t'lnlii pie-eiit condilii'tis the farm er has tn haul his ptoducts to market when toe roads ull pet mil. not when he would like t soil, at the highest prices. Inte.ul of moving the gieal cereal crops gradually and easily, 1 1 it rallio.uls are obliged ! ptovide a luiiltltinle of cats fot a very short season, causing expensive congest Ion and delay. Then aller llie t u-li be fore the fall ralits Hie excessive equipment of the railroads hs Idle. The sum which poor mails cost lis would In a few years pay fot HrM -class ones tlniiugliiitil the ciitiutiy. Lots of money which has been expended 111101 public highways was Utile bel ter than wasted. It will be illlleleut in Inline. The people ate being edu cated to the advantages uf good mads and ate demanding theiu. We have nat loiial. slate, county ami piivaie oigaulatlntis in limber the building 1 of the right kind of mads, ! rNpcrls say II would be best If the federal goveiumeiil. as In Fiance, had supervision of all public highways 1 and enforced the building of roaiN ol j ceilaln standards, to ciiiiforin to tlie ilnc.il conditions and it'indicinc ut. ' ( tin national bureau of good roaiN exeiclses no aitthoiily ovet highways .except those on government lauds, I but II furnishes infoimatiiiu In local, bullies unileilaklng mad itnpiove infills. It goes fuit her anil solids ex- , pel is in all srcl Ions of the country. to show I he local authorities the kind ' ol mads they ought lo have fuel e- . aclly how to build them. I publican and hllT liemociallc and In , scattering. I Judge Notion was Inn 11 In l!iiss.. ville. I'y Nov. -J I, ISJI, ami studied law under his uncle, KIIJ11I1 llle, al that time 01 1 Kentucky's pioiitl- ucut lawyers, He came In the I'latte Puichase In su. In IsTl lie was ap pointed to the supreme bench to llll the vacancy caused by the deatli of Judge Alex. Vorles, of St. iloseph. In lTI he was elected to succeed him self and sci veil ten years, anil un doubtedly could have served another term or two hud lit.' so desired, but he refused to accept a renomlnat ion. When nn the circuit bench II was known as thelth Judicial circuit and was composed of tlie entire I'latte Puichase. He has four sons ami two daugh ters. Ills sons am Pressly Notion, uf Platte City: John W. Norton, of Pres ent!. Art..: W. 1". Norton, 11I Liberty, Mn and Cliailcs W. Notion, of Col oiado Springs, Ills daughters aie Mis. Hen. I. Woodson, of St. Joseph, and Mis, II. W. Hiilskam. of Keo kuk, la. May your days yel bo many. Judge. The owner of a pool hall over al Cleanuont was lined fill hi by Judge Kllison at tlm leceut term of circuit cmirt.l'nr permit! lug minors to play at the game on his premises, Thu costs, amounting to i'lOn also went, up against tlm defendants. - Klder Ilanliiiaii's revival meetings at III11IV City have resulted In great good to that section -M additions are reported thus far. There wero eigiit baptisms at the Oregon Chris tian church Sunday last. I'AKHINU OF TIIK KKCMISK, Edward Kewen, Forest City's Re cluse, Finishes His Life's Journey. Kdward Kewen, who for years has led the life of a rechiM-. living In a s.ptalld shack near that city for many years, died at tlie county In Urinary cat ly Sunday morning last, November 'Jtl. lull, aged about u years. Ills condition was discovered by some of the cltlens of I'oiest City: his non-appearance alxittt his place for a week or ten days aroused the itsplclou of some of those living near lilm, and on going to his hovel tils cov red that he was a very sick man, and steps were at once taken to have him taken to the county liillrmary. Sat unlay evening he was admitted, but he only lingered a few hours, when he died. Thus ends the life of one upon whom woman's Inlliience was all for evil. Sixty years ago Kewen was tlie I lean Hrummel of this section of our county, and a resident of Oregon, lie stood erect. Life opened for him a splendid vlsia. He labored, saved, buililed, bought and said. Hebccime :i lieau-lileal of young manhood. He was a faultless ih esscr. and iiilheied st 1 Ictly to the admonition, cleanli ness was (iodtiucss. He was a wagon maker by tiade. and vviitUed for Al bert Cut In h'. who then In sn.V.'had his shop mi the l,.t vvhete the 'I'. S llluile ii'sidetice now stands, ami his wink was every way satMaclnty to Id employer .mil patrons. The de mand for wagon for the California overland hulucs was great , demand lug mucli oveiilme work. He came lieie tmm the Nle of Man. largely thiough Hie Itlllllelice of 1'ucle Hilly Hanks, and was about IT yeatsnfage when he ciiisshI the ocean. While tolling at his trade he met tin' gill thenulvghl. lie loved her with the siM'ttgth anil manhood oflils si rung, yiiiuig beat t. That love was not iclurneil, He became soured, moody , suspicious. When llie civil I war came, he enlisted in the I'nloiii aiinv. under Caul. S. T. Lucas. In the Will Mo. Intantry. and served llnee veais. He did his duty well, and then letuilled In Hull county, and le-j stiiued Ills Hade, occupy lug a shop In j Iheiiotth pait of I'oiest City, a por- Hon of which stilt stands, lint alas,' the heart wound that had been made) would not heal, and giadually hej wlllnliew fiom the allaiis nf life, and became at last . a recluse, I lie was a pensioner and always tic- mainled Hie gold forhlspeiislouclieck. This he took Willi him to his hovel: he lately spent any money: what he did with II lias ever been a mystery but 011 examining the premises Mon day, under t he ilitect ion of his guaid lau, Mr. lilchaids. 1, loo was dug up from utiilei the ground uuilciucatli his cot. and s.'iu In gold and il In change was found on his person. Sevei.il yeais ago lie got into trouble about his little lot of ground, and was a souice of annoyance to those who really felt I hey should or did own it, andtoqiilet him, Ihey agieed to pay 111 111 ilno: not being icganled as com petent to act In lite inatlei, W. II. lilchaids was named as his guardian. Not withstanding his pension nf t-'u a month and the general belief that lie had a goodly amount of money, lie pt'islMed in living In squalor, dirt and apparent poverty. In Ills yniing man hood days Ids evening balli was as regularly adhered to as the taking of liN daily meals. When he went into seclusion, water became repugnant to him. All who knew him when a young man, I tied to lulluence hlin lo mingle again withtlietu. He refused, They besought 1 1 1 11 1 to clean up: to once agi'ln let urn to lil bath; to again ihoss tip, and look again the Itcatt llriuiiiuol. He would not. They tundeied him kindness, He repulsed them. Some said lie was a miser, lie was all that. He worshiped his gold and stai veil, lie livetl llie life of a lecluse; lie had no companions ami lesi'iited any lnfilugetueut upon his siilit iidu, He was the beau: he tiled hi rags, He was an exquisite: hi) died In llltli; lie loved his lileiuls and nclghhnts: he refused the ordinary amenities of civil life. Duly a reclusu; a sorrowing, suspi cious, broken-hearted man, living Ids life alone, doing penance as It were, and bravely, patiently, waiting for that tlnal summons which came to him early In an tinconsclouscouditloii on the morning of November I'll, Hill. Such Is the brlof life story of Kd ward Kewen. The dressy debonairc, Back From-Montana. .1. M. Gentry and wire, formerly of this county, but now of near Huffalo, Fergus county, Montana, have liven visiting here for several days, the guests of his wife's sister. Mrs. A. W. Long, of Craig, and of other relatives and friends, John, It will be remem bered, lived about tljree miles north west of Oregon", and left here with hi family and son-in-law, P. A. Don ley, for Montana, two years ago this December. Mr. Gentry. Ids son. Prank, sondu law, P. A. Dooley, have sold their in terests In Montana, and will return to this country about January 1. Mr. (Sentry has purchased what is known as the Squire Hall farm of 1 110 acres, three miles south of Mound ('lly, paying tlno per acce. where hit ami his son. Prank, will locate. "Packy" Dooley will probably locate. In Southern Missouri only wish he had decided to locate In Holt county. Mr. Gentry says he likes the Mon tana country, although it gets pretty cold, atttl the weather Is as changea ble as here In Missouri. He says on the llrsl of November, this year, tlie meiciiry went down to II Mow zero, and since September I or tills year they had L'J snows, hut that as. soon as the Chinook winds liegln to blow the snow will all leave In a few hours, and the mads will lie diy and solid, as Hie soil on top is sandy ami full of peb bles, making a line tiller, c.iriylngtlie walei rigid down into the soil al once Last August, Inlii, 011 the '.Villi, they had a fool uf miou. mil cannot Im' taUeil. the nights Ik'Iiiu ton enld. only gmvvs about a fn'i m '.'ii Indie In heigh! said they tllril In i.iise sunn, swet't coin in the gatdeii. bid It was a failine. the ears only gmwlng about ihicc Inehcsloiig, and about the c of an onllnary man's linger, l ine fm small grahi, however, oats averaging fiom "in tn I in bushels pel acie.andwlie.il fiom '.'11 to .'ill bushel per acie. lie had .TJiiacieslhai he paid 'M.-'hm fot and sniil ror fl'.MHHi. Ill sou, I'ratlk, traded Ids aulnmtihllc.lhat he bought I lot M.IImi and had used moie than s iiintdlis, ror h'n acres. Ili'ialseda cmp id wheat on (his, which he s,,, ,, tJ.Iimi, hen sold the i;o ror l.oo. "Packy" Dooley bought I.VJ aetes I'm A,so,i, and sold hu fT.niHi. Tlds oct I alttl v Is going some, and I hey could well alhud to make the ttlp and sinter a little cold weather lor the sake or what they gained in "Coin of the llealm" bythe Irans.ielli.n. We extend all ol them cntigiat ttl.it Ions, and a royal welcome back to I hell old home. Andy Smith and (ieoige Sell., now of- Ititllaln, Mont.: Claieiice Hung, of Moote. Mont .all former cltieits uf Mottutl City and vicinity, and l ied Stapley.nl lliillalo, well known In Cialg and vlciully. came in vvilh them for a vlit. Raised Some Wheat. Chatley Meyer, who I a large laud nw tier in the Judith ll.is.ln country, uf Wyoming, his lands being near Siaufoid, Mo in., is all "snick up" over tlie following Hem, taken fi out the Slanfoiil, Mont. Wuild, which he hands us: Pour of lite Hist pties awarded al the New Vuik laud show last week for agilcultural exhlblls was won by Montana, In competition vvilh every state In the 1'nlon as well as Canada. To Hie residents nf this slate Hit-cap-t tiring of these prizes means a great deal and Hie enthusiasm t lull Is being expressed emphasizes the worth of such stihstant ial evidence that Mon tana Is an agilcultural state uf su perior met II. Tlie iiwaidlng of the Hist pilzc for w Intel wheat lo James Todd, of Geyer, brings the Jiullih Hasiu Into particular prominence as a wheat raising section, and as whiter wheat Is considered the state's staple pro duel, Hie publicity and favorable comment that Is bound to follow can have no other than the most desira ble icsiilts. The prize for winter wheal which was avvaided lo Mr. Todd Is a beautiful silver cup, valued at tlnon. The prize grain was a yield of T5 bushels per acre and weighed 115 pounds to the bushel, The yield and weight are boilt remarkable and while cnonnniis yields, (with sixty bushels per acre no uncommon occur rence,) are yearly icported I'miu vari ous parts of the Hasln, this is the largest on reemd lo dale, light-hearted gallant of sixty years ago. He lias two brothers living in thu Isle of Man, and a nephew, a Mr. Goldsmith, of llockford, III. The latter came Tuesday, and gitve direc tions as to the disposition of (he body, which had been In charge of Undertakers Thatcher & Dawson.