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Silt iiittfi Sent met 48TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, APRIL 11, 1913. NUMBER 49. March Weather. In the old days of the Roman re public the year contained ten months, and the New Year was the first of March. When the old soothsayer warned .lullus Caesar to "Hewarc the Ides of March," he spoke much the same warning as was used In the early days of Mis souri, Kansas, Nebraska, Indiana, Ohio and the South. March was so named by the Romans In honor of their god of war, Mars. He was thought to be the one who gave light nlng, rain, wind, and sudden changes of the atmosphere, and as his wrath was abjectly feared, the Romans has tened to name a month in his honor. Mars himself was tickle, unscrupu lous and cruel, and It lias developed that the month was aptly named. Easter came on the 23d, the earliest since 1810, when It came on the 22d, and will not be so early again until the year 2,000; It was a cloudy, windy day, and a .03 of an Inch of rain fell. The old adage that If It rains Easter, It will do so for seven consecutive Sundays, did not hold good for the :10th was clear and without rain. The week following Easter of 11)13 will long be remembered In the plain between the Rocky Mountains and the Allcghcnles as a week of unpar alleled disaster. A storm appeared In Nevada on Friday previous, Increased In intensity after itcrosscd the moun tains, and on Sunday afternoon, Eas ter evening, burst upon Omaha and the adjoining villages as tornadoes, one sweeping through the residential portion of that city and over into Iowa, going northeast, and another coming half an hour later, crossing through the southern portion of the city over into Council lllufTs, and then passing southeast. Hoth of these tor nadoes dealt death and destruction to the lives and property of those within their reach, both In the city and in the country. A high wind struck the city of Chicago, destroying many lives and much property, and then burst In a scries of Hoods of unsurpassed violence over Indiana and central Ohio, Indicting loss of life of 3,270 and property, compared with which tho Omaha and Iowa disasters uuro vury small. We do not go Into details; for our readors get these from the dally pa pers and Tiik Sbntinel. Some of them mourn the loss of friends and relatives; others the loss of property, and all of Ihemsympathlowlth those who in any way sutler In this groat allllcllon which has come upon the nation. A calamity of this Mud calls out. the best ami I thu worst clement In human nature. Hoth In Omaha and in the Ohio cities, soldiers hail to In; called upon to protect the wrecks from spoliation by men who :iro es pecially savage beasts, who would even strip the (lead as well as steal It brings out also the best that Is In hu man naluie: for good men count that their money Is best spent in reeding the hungry and elorhlng the naked, From time to time In the history tho world these calamities fall upon men, correcting that feeling in hu man nature-which leads us to say with thu pagan monarch of old: "Is not this great llabylon which I luxe hulldedv" As compared with these elemental forces of nature, man is the puniest of puny things. Imagining that he can harness and control them and make them do his will, lie has from time to time been crushed be fore them. Here wb had a sever wind storm on the evening of Easter, blowing per haps a 40-mlle gale with slight rain fallwith no damage to property. In temperature the month Just passed was 0 degrees warmer than March, 11)12. In rainfall we only had .Of) of an inch in excess of March, 11)12. In snowfall wu had 21 Inches In 11(12, and only 3 Inches in 11)13. For the tlrst threo months of 1012 wo had 43 Inches of snowfall, while for the same period In 1013 wo had 23! Indies. Hut tho month was 4 degrees below the normal, the normal being 40. While the conventional spring of tho North Temperate .one began on March 1, the spring of the astronomer did not greet us until the 21st. With us here, the month came In lamb like, but II was zero In temperature, and as a whole the month was quiet and exceeding dry but theie were no spuds planted Good Friday, 21st; It snowed on the 20th, and the ground was cold and damp, and If any were planted we predict tears froze Inthclr eyes. Hut on the 2d day of the month the needle said it was 7 degrees below zero-something very unusual for It Is rare Indeed that we ever have below zero weather In March. The latest prior to this date was on the 17th, 1000, when it was 1 below, and on the 24th, 1807, It was 2 below In 1807 on the 1Mb. II was 12 below. The extremes for the month of March, 1013. were: Max. 8 (Ml I O 18 03 2 7 23 07 tt 13 24 07 21 10 30 74 27 14 23.... Easter... 07 23. ...Easter.. 34 Mean maximum, 47. Mean minimum, 20. Mean, 36. Snowfall, 31 Inches: precipitation, 1.84 Inches; greatest in 24 hours, .52 Inches on the 10th. Heavy wind Eas ter evening with .03 of Inches of rain. Almost a Dry Missouri. Local option elections held In Mis souri since the first of the year Indi cate that tho state is experiencing a "dry" wave that slowly but surely is driving the saloors from Missouri. Even the "wets" admit that the pro hibition movement Is making wonder ful gains In Missouri. Since January 1 six local option fights have been decided, tw o in cities and four In counties. The "drys" won all six tights, and three of those counties had been wet ever since Mis souri was a state. A wet and dry map shows that tho "oases" are get ting fewer and farther between. The tlrst liquor election held this year was In Neosho, January 0. That city voted out Its saloons four years ago by a majority of to. The "wets" made another light this year, but the "dry" majority was Increased to 130. Eldorado Springs, In Cedar county, had the next local option tight. It went "wet" live years ago by 31. At the election, January 20, the drys won by 314. Hut It has been in the county elec tions that the drys have made their biggest gains. Phelps county, which went wet four years ago by 350, went dry at an election, January It, by.llo. Cllntcu county, already dry, voted dry again in February, Increasing the dry majority from 200 to 1,057. The biggest surprise was Monroe county, which has always had saloons. In 1008 the wets won by 41 votes, but at an election March 15 It went dry by 250 votes, and the saloons are gone from Monroe the banner Democratic county of Missouri. The biggest reversal of sentiment was shown In Craw ford county. Sev eral years ago at a local option the county went wut by 728 votes. Hut It voted again last month. Thu drys won by 505, a change of more than a thousand votes. In the last twoyears forty local optou elections have linen held, the drys winning thirty-six and the wets only four. All of those elections were before thu possage of thu County I'nlt Hill, a ncar-prohihltioii measure. The pass ing of that hill has accentuated thu "wut" anil "dry" tight In Missouri. It has madu the liquor Issue again a foremost onu out In country Missouri. Practically uvery county thai now Is wet or closu will have elections with in thu next twoyears. There will hu a local option light In some county nearly uvery month. Toiler the old law, thu counties vot ed as a unit, excluding all cities of mom than 2,5ihi population. Thu new law requires every county to votu as a unit, regardless of thu population of any or Its cities. The "drys" predict that Sprlnglleld und Jopllu,and other large cities, voting under thu new law, will now go dry. Thus II will hu seen that there 87 dry counties out of the total of 114. Millions to the Good. When It finished casting up the accounts of tho nation for 1012, the bureau of foreign and domestic com merce found that the world trade ac count showed ia total of 581 million dollars on thu right side of Uncle Samuel's big ledger. This was the value of goods sold abroad In excess of those brought, into thu United States. In the year thu imports were In round figures, $1,818,000,000; while the exports amounted to$2,3!K,000,000, Cuba outstripped Franco, Canada, Rrazll and manyothcrcountrlcsinthe amount marketed In the United States, being third in point of im portance In selling to this country. Great Hrltlan furnished far more than any other Individual nation and was followed by Germany and France. The best markets during the year for American goods were Great Britain, Germany and Holland in the order named. A feature of the report Is the In crease noted over last year In the trade with Argentina and llrazll. Huslness relations with Japan also showed a gratifying growth whllo even revolution-torn Mexico's com merce with the United States disclos ed gains. Plenty of Money. Holt county's bank deposits aggre gate close to the M,000,000, as shown by the statements published In the various papers of the county last week. This is an Increase of approxi mately f 100,000 in the 15 banks, as compared with the last previous state ment In December, 10)2, and Is ?35,- 000 greater than for the same period a year ago. Several of the banks show handsomo Increases as compared with their De cember statements, and only a few show decreases. It certainly must be gratifying to the stockholders and di rectors of the Hank of Hlgelow, and the Forbes bank, to note the substan tial increase In their respective banks as compared with their March, 1012, statements. The former bank was organized In October, 1001, and the latter In November, 1000. Did you ever stop to think how all your money finally lands In the vaults of Wall street, and Is practically con trolled by the Morgan syndicate of banksV We say It Is all our money, anyhow; that we earned it, and Mor gan & Co. Just play tricks with It, but sure, tlicyncverfalltoturn up with the money. This Is the way it happens: The farmer takes his money to the local banks; then the local bankssend It to St. Joseph. The farmer of course can't afford to keep It In the old cast-away stove or stocking; he wants security in the way of vaults, etc., and the local banker wants It to earn something for himself for Its keeping, so ho gets his 2 per cent from the St. Joseph bank; the St. Joseph banker sends It to Chicago and gets his 2 per cent. Thu Chicago hanker wants "hls'n,," so ho sends It to New York, and gets his 2 per cent. The New York bank Is under thu old laws In the country that permit loans on commercial paper, so the Wall street borrower comes along, puts up his se-curllles-and there you are that's where your money goes. The amount of deposits In thu vari ous banks, on March 20, 1013, was as follows: Xook k Roecker, Oregon. . . . 218,122 Citizens', Oregon 158,810 Forest City, Forest City ... . 1 17,004 Home, Forest City 27,474 Exchange, Mound City 73,007 Hank of Mound City 101,870 Holt County Hank, Mound City 208,031 Farmers', Mallland 201,001 People's, Maltland 174,001 Hcaton, Craig 201,8.13 Farmers & Merchants', Craig 02,1105 Peoplu's, Corning 30,537 Hank or Corning :t-,.Vo Hank of Hlgelow si.u.id Hank of Forbes O7,02 Total, March, lul.'l l,ti2.1,s!2 Total, December, 1012 .... l.o.W.i Total,. hum, 1012 l,75o,.Vi3 Total, December, 11)11 1,772,731 Total, November, loin .... 1,715,031 In amount of deposits held by the vai Ions hanks, they take the follow ing relative positions: lleaton, of Craig 20,KI3 .ook-ltoecker, Orcgoi 2ISI22 Holt Count. Hank, Mound City 2i)S0.'ll Farmers', Maltland 2ol,ooi People's, Maltland 171,001 Hank of Mound City 101,870 Citizens', Oregon 158,810 Forest City, Forest City 117,001 Hank of Hlgelow 81,030 Exchange, Mound City 73,007 Hank of Forbes 07,02!) Farmers & Merchants', Craig. 02,005 People's, Corning 30,537 Hank of Corning 38,050 Home, Forest City 27,474 Thu amounts held by thu banks In the various banks where there uro moro than one bank Is as follows: Mound City 443,001 Oregon 400,1)71 Maltland 375,002 Craig 324,408 Forest City 144,538 Corning 78,087 Total l ,773,057 Civic League. Representatives of the various wo men's clubs of our city are talking of organizing a Civic League Club for Oregon. The Civic League which the women of Oregon propose to have is for the purpose of Improving, beauti fying and benefitting Oregon in every way possible; to preserve the best sanitary condition possible; to en courage thu artistic; to keep clean streets and alleys; to Induce all resi dents to maintain pretty lawns In front of their residences and to keep their back premises freo Ifom dirt and debris; to trim the shade trees In front of the home and to keep them so In fact, the Civic League will en deavor In every way to make Oregon more beautiful and a better place In which to live. Everyone, It is agreed, Is the better for glimpses, even, of out-of-door beauty and freshness, and since visits to the country are for so many out of the question, then In some degree the country must be brought to the city. Nature was In asomcwhatfmitastlc or coquettish mood when she fashioned the cite of Oregon. She tossed aloft the picturesque bluffs, and set the city there. Then she laid a founda tion where man In all the versatility of his Intellect and genius has ample suopu and opportunity to work out his ideas of beauty and utility. The city beautiful Is not created by manic. Some plan Is necessary before any worthy object hi life can tie attained. The work of our Chrysan themum society was hi accordance with a well-devlsed plan, or system, and lias been wrought out with all tho mlnutenussof detail andlldulltyof purpose which must characterize ev ery enterprise of like magnitude and Importance. Progress, very naturally, seemed a little slow at tlrst. Hut notwith standing this, the enterprise of beau tifying our "Silent City" forged ahead, and annually under their care, assumed more definite shape, and gradually made more beautiful. What our Chrysanthemum society has done and Is doing In keeping our cemetery in beautiful condition, the Civic League can do for the beautify ing of our little city. An Individual who Improves his front yard, If he has one: the mer chant who keeps the premises about his business house neat: the owner of his home or the renter, who places win dow boxes at his windows, or Im proves his sldeyard or backyard, If he does nothing else, Is yet not egotistic; he Ik giving pleasure to all who pass. If the League acting as a unit, or Individually can Induce him to under take In a quiet, tactful, hut direct way a movement that will Induce similar Improvements along his block, he Is acting In a way that Is altruis tic, hut tho Improvement of his block will help him egotistically. Iiecauso his own house and premises will be more beautiful from Its location on a htautlful street. The City Hcautlful Is uiiquestlona lily dependent upon the Interaction of the Individuals that compose the city on the one hand and the city In Its corporate capacity on the other, The more Individuals there are who show their Interest In thu embellish ment of their city by proving that hi tcrcst by their own efforts, the great er will he their direct Influence when appealing for better conditions gen c rally, and far greater will he their diicct lulliieuce by the simple power of suggest ion offered to all passeisliy Oregon may well In- proud of her civic pride, but can yet hu prouder, and hope to he in the near hit lire us proud of her ( 'Ivlc League as of he I 'hrysaulhemuiu society. From Missouri. Almost without, exception Aiuerl cm physicians am from Missouri re carding I lie I 'reldman liilierculosl: cure. Immediately after the distin guished Herman physician lauded at Now York, Aiuurlcan doctors struck an attitude which plainly said, "You w ill havu to show us." What Is moro to thu point, they told him that hu would have to show them under con dltloiiH which they themselves Im posed. Naturally the German phy sician resented this attitude, and was not at all communicative regard ing thu discovery. When Dr. Friedman became ret I cent he was accused of all sorts of things. Hu was declared by some doctors to have no cure at all, by others to depend on the manner of treatment more than on the remedy employed, and by still others to have comu to this country to exploit more or less faku proposition In the hope of securing thu million dollars o lie red for an effective lemedy. When the few patients whom Dr. Friedman treated showed signs of recovery some American physicians questioned whether the elTccts camu from thu remedy, or from thu mental condi Hon of the patient. The wholo question reminds one of thu attitude of the scientists toward Dr. Cook, when he returned from the North Pole. Hut their seems to be quite a difference between Dr. Fried man and Dr. Cook; and while Amert can physicians are still from Mis sourl, they may dually have to ac knowledge that they have done moro or less injustice to the German phy slclan. , Elliott Marshall, surveyor of the port of St. Joseph, was hero Friday last, looking after his fruit farm, Just south of our city. Real Estate Matters. The realty transactions for the month of March were the largest ever recorded here, as to the total valua tions, ahd never before were they so large for the first three months of a year being 5,noo In excess of the high mark, which was In 1010, when the sales for the tlrst three monthsln that year reached 11,127,352, and were 11,132,143 In the three months Just passed In 1013. Among the larger sales were those of The Nauman estate, 422 acres.. 130,825 T. H. Fish estate, 320 acres.... 20,500 Joe Murray, 320 acres 30,000 Hess lands, 570 acres 57,000 Htlby lands, INK) acres 51,000 Peter Rung, 250 acres 28,750 I. F. Hrldgcman, 100 acres .... 10,200 Chas. Chllders, 120 acres 20,000 Nola Jackson 17,000 Vincent Kelley, 320 acres 20,500 Ora Morse, 170 acres 32,000 D. D. Robinson, loo acres 20, (XX) J no. Spcer, 120 acres. 18, (XX) Kate Sncll, 120 acre 18,000 Win. S. Taylor, 185 acres ...... 18,500 lllrd Morgan, 120 acres 20,000 J no. Wakeley, 100 acres 18,400 The March sales In 1012 totalled 04,053, while for the month Just passed they reached 1000,570. The value of the releases were also about double that of any previous March; for 1013 they weref200,143; while that of the next highest year was hi loll when thu total wastl.10,133. The re leases were heavy, and when com pared with the total warranty trans action, the deeds of trust llled were light, being only tll8,80l. This Is a great contrast with realty condi tions In 1807, when thu total value of warranty transactions weru fliVi.ooo, and the trust deeds value were M10, 013. The transactions for thu mouth of March and for thu three months' per iod for the past ten-year erloil have been: loot 155,081 750,017 1005 382,721 (130,202 1000 3H8,U57 537,132 1007 370, pi 0O7.3'.8 1008 274,721 031,227 100!l .188,230 750.870 1010 013,757 1,127,351 1011 070UI 074,520 1012 404,053 7IW.OI7 1013 000,570 1,132,1(3 The real estate ledger for the tlrst three mouths of 101.1 makes thu fol lowing showing: Warranty transac tions, 11,132,113; trust deeds. 050,7UI: releases, 121, 703. Morgan. Mr. .1. P. Morgan, whose death was repiiiled In our last week's Issue, was justly teimed the Napoleon of the world ir llnauce. In the science of assembling icsouices and controlling them he has perhaps never had an equal in the history or the world. 'I'lie name or llothscliild, which was as a rock In the lluanclal world with in the memory of ilie picsent genera tion, became synonymous with mete alllueuce, coimiaieil w Itli I'e lower ing heights achieved ly Morgan in ids later years. He liore the distinc tion of being one ol' tliu most widely abused men In America, wheiever thu envious and uncomprehending assem bled. His iullueiice upon his I hue cannot hu stated as yet. Them Is even now a wave of sentiment In America, a steadily grow lug wave, to the eilect that thu United States has sullered from a power which has been called a Money Trust. Thu Pujo Investiga tion, fruitless enough In Its results, might never have been Instituted hut for tliu prowess of this lluanclal Hebe moth, who was the larger part of Wall street to thu day of his death, at thu advanced age of seventy-six. Perhaps time will return a verdict of greatness, lit thu casu of Morgan. Hu lived at a time when American resources were boundless, and when there was needed thu imagination and tho daring ufa giant to install the wheels of coiumeicu where thu wealth of Nature lay In an almost virgin condition. Hut It Is equally true, perhaps, that the end of thu period ol the Magic Lamp of Aladdin In America Is at hand. The great lluauciers aru pass ing, or aru men of advanced age, and it does not appear that they havu any successors of equal stature, or thai the same opportunities still remain. Sage, Gould and Hurrhuan preceded Morgan to thu sphere where there is no laying up of riches, Carnegie and llockefeller are old men. Perhaps there wlllnovr bu another Morgan: perhaps this Is well. Hut it Is equally true that hu played his part In the evolution of the Nallon'sgreat ness, and that he performed It with Integrity and unheisal benefits. V National Drainage Congress Thu annual meeting of the Nation al Drainage Congress, now In session In St. Louis, is of special interest and importance because of the disastrous floods in Ohio, Indiana and other states. President Wilson, In reply to an Invitation to hu present, tele graphed in reply: "1 regret that II Is Impossible for mo to attend thu sessions of tliu Na tional Drainage Congress. Thu ca lamity In Ohio and Indiana makes clearer than ever before the Impera tive and Immediate necessity for a comprehensive and systematic plan for drainage and Hood control. I very earnestly hope that your deliberations may mark a long step foward In this direction." The purpose of the congress Is largely embodied in the Newlands bill, Introduced In the Senate April 0, 1011, by Senator Newlands, of Neva da. This measure contemplates the creation of a body to be known as the "board of river regulation." Thu board Is to study the problem of river control and drainage and to prepare a plan under which the work of drain age and river control may lm Imme diately undertaken. The bill also carries an appropriation of 1500,000. ooo, to be spent at the rate of 50,000, ooj annually for ten years. The congress, In the main, has ap proved this measure, but at thu com ing meeting another will be presented altering the Newlands bill In some details and providing for the main tenance of thu board from money re ceived from the sale of public lands since 100."). Aside from tho flood question It Is estimated that there are over 75,000, 000 acres of land In tho United States which, when properly drained, would be capable of high agricultural culti vation and could be made to yield sustenance to millions of people. Ac cording to an estimate of the Depart ment of Agriculture proper drainage would Insure a point In land values of between two and three billions of dollars, as most of the swamps, when drained, contain as good agricultural land as Is to hu found In the country. Thu entire Missouri valley, In which Holt county Is located, Is directly In terested In this matter, and because In our state alone there are perhaps a half million of acres of land subject to overflow from lis streams. Holt county w ill be represented in thu Drainage Congress, by W. H. Richards, of Oregon; John E. Slater and .las. Strlckler, of Hlgelow; John S. Smltii and Thomas Tyson, of Mound City. Carnegie Hero Fund. Thu following aru the regulations, governing the Carneglu Hero Fund, and one will Hud It Interesting to read these regulations then go out and he a hero -and gut a medal: Thu scope of the Fund shall be con fined strictly within the following limitations: 1st. To acts in which conclusive evidence may be obtained showing that the person performing tliu act, voluntarily risked his own life In sav ing, or attempt lug to save, the life or a Icllnu being, or who oliinlarlly has sacrlllced himself lii an heroic manner lor the heiiellt of .others 2d. Such acts must have been per formed by peisoiis the nature of who-o duties in following their regu lar Micallons does not necessailly re quite them to ierfoim such acts. 3d. Such arts must have been per formed in the I'niledStutesof Ameri ca, the 1 in i i n l in o t Canada, the Col ony ol New I'ounillaud, or thu waters thereof. Itli. Such acts must have been per formed on or after April 15, Hull, and brought to the attention of the Com mission within three years of the date of thu act. 5th. Mr. Carneglu having directed that, In casu of death, widows and children, or other dependents, arc to bo provided for until thu widow re marries and until thu children reach a self-supporting age, and, In the event of disability, thu disabled to be provided for until again able to work, thu maximum death or disablement henellt to hu paid In any onu year to any onu family or dependent shall not exceed !, ooo, tliu amount and man ner of payment hi each case to be fixed by the Commission upon the recommendation of tin Executive Committee, provided, in no case, how ever, shall death or disablement bene Ills be paid utiles Its shall bu clearly shown that I he dependents or disabled need such assistance. Oth, Medals, when awarded, shall hu presented to the person perform ing thu fact, or, In casu of death, to the widow or next of kin. 71 li. Heroic acts may he brought to the attention or the Commission by direct application, or through thu "Millie press. eel post rate does not apply toga tv seeds, oiants or cumuus that ma v bu sent through thu mail, Thu old postal ratu of a cent for two ounces applies, which maxes it some what more expensive than If thu ship ments could be made under the parcel post rate. Just why this peculiar ruling Is madu, the local postoftlivi does not know. Things to cat may bu sent at thu parcel post ratu, but things to plant cost the old rate.