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the Iplt foil iiettlfiel 48TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSO RI, FRIDAY. APRIL 18, 1913. NUMBER 51). Precedent is Shattered. President Wilson on Tuesday last, April Htli. bridged the Rap that for more than a century has separated the pilot of public business, the ex ecutive and legislative branches of the government. Not as a cog In a machine, not as an Impersonal polit ical entity, nor as a mere department of government, but as the human president, he went to congress to speak about the tarltT. Standing before the senate and house of representatives in Joint session as no other president had done for more than ion years, the president stated simply and tersely vthat he thought should be done for the wel fare of the country and asked his legislative colleagues, man to man, to keep the pledges of their party. With a sweep of decision that shat tered precedent, the president brush ed aside all imaginary boundaries be tween congress and the executive onice and rescued himself, as he ex pressed it, from that "Isolated Island of Jealous authority," which the pres idency had come to be regarded. With the personal delivery of his message by the president, comes the light for Democratic tarltT revision. Conferences and party plans, which have held the stage for weeks past, gavu way lo the llrst open step tor the passage of the new tarltT bill. Criticisms of many features of the law have developed In Democratic circles In the senate. Senate leader are Insist ant that the Underwood bill bu subdivided, so that separate votes may be had. If desired, upon the sugar and wool schedule. Along with the tarilf hill was a bill providing for an Inheiltaiu'u tax, Introduced by Senator .lones, of Washington. The tax would run as high as 50 per cent on fortune over 15,000,0on. The measuru would Impose Inher itance tax on all estates except where the bequest Is to members of the Immediate family in which case there would bo an exemption of $25,000,000 and a reduced tax rate, On estates of less than $5,000, a one per cent tax; and on up to $!5,)ioo,n00,oon or over. lug the means through which Its mem bers may manipulate the market. Kvldently New York's governor In tends to see whether or not the stock exchange cannot he made amenable to state law, and a law wTilch shall pre vent robbery of men and women, who honestly Invest In listed securities. If Governor Sulzer can Induce the legislature to enact such a law as he proposes, and the authorities of that stale enforce the law as it should be enforced, perhaps the stock exchange will not be so "rambtimptlotis" as It iias teeii In the past. May Be Special Election. Direct election of Hulled States senators by the people was authorized and made compulsory Tuesday of last week, April 8, when the Connecticut legislature rati Mud the ronslituliohal amendment sulimltteil tty congress less lhan a year ago. Ilatlllcatlou already had been given by thirty-live slates. The situation that results throughout (he country, wheru many legislatures have adjourned until 1015, Is such as to leave confusion, as to how the earlystepstoward direct clee tlou of senators may he carried out There will undoubtedly have to be a special session of the legislature in Missouri between now and the gen eral election next year in order to make the laws governing election to the amendment to the constitution of the UnlledSlates, which requires the election of United States by direct vote. Under the laws as they stand now there Is no way to nominate parly candidates for senator and no way to gel them on the ballot, even if there was a method providing for nominal Ing them. The ratlllcatlon by Connecticut of the amendment takes the election of the senator away from the legislature and places it in thn hands of the peo pie. So far as this state Isconcerncd, the matter should have been attendd to at the recent session, hut It wes overlooked. llotli flovernor Major and Attorney General barker are investigating the question, hut it is certain that theru will have to be legislation on the point before there can he adlrect vote on the senatorshlp. Rambumptious. You can't llnd the word "rambump tlous" in the dictionary, and we don't care If you can't. Iletter than any other word we can tlnd, "rambump tlous" describes the attitude of the New York stock exchange, which has informed Congress that no Federal law, which that body may enact, can be enforced against the exchange, be cause the exchange Is an Institution which cannot possibly be made to come under Federal supervision. Not satis tied with this detl, the exchange further declares that ltdoesn'thelieve It can be made amenable to any state law. All of which is tantamount; to saying that the New York stock ex chanso is above all law. However, this great moral guide notices that Governor Suler, of New York state, has recommonded to the legislature the enactment of a law that will prevent the stock exchange from manipulating the marKet or ue John B. Henderson Dead. John Hrooks Henderson, former United States senator from Missouri and author of the thirteenth amend ment to the United States constitu tion, died at fh.'W) o'clock p. in., Satur day, April 12, at a hospital In Wash ington, 1). C, from a complication of disorders. He was ti years old. Mr. Henderson was taken seriously III and was removed to a hospital. Mrs. Henderson, had been with lilni constantly, and his only son, .loliu II. Henderson, Jr., were at his bedside w hen death came. Mr. Henderson was horn near Dan ville, Va. When he was il years old lis parents moved to Missouri, where he was later admitted to the bar. lie served In the Missouri senate from I Mi'.' to bii'.i, and organl.cd many of he railroad and banking laws of the state. Mr. Henderson wasa Itiiiiianaii presidential elector, a delegate to the national convention of IMin and a member of the Missouri convention to determine the question of secession. Later he organl.ed a brigade of 1'nlou state troops and was appointed a brigadier general of the militia. When Trusted I 'oik was expelled from the I'nlted States senate, Mr. Henderson was appointed to succeed him, and In 180,'t was elected to the enate, serving until Isil'.i, when he io timed law- practice in St. Louis. He received the Itepubllcau nomination for governor unanimously In 182. ('resident Grant In 1885, appointed Mr. Henderson special I'nlted States attorney to prosecute the "whiskey ring" In St. Louis. He was chairman of thellepubllcan national convention which nominated James G. illatue at Chicago In m. He was a delegate to the Pan-Amer ican congress and for several years had been regent of the Smithsonian Institute and a member of the Amer ican Social Science Association. Mr. Henderson was married In Washington during his term as sena tor. Ills wife was Miss Mary N. Foote. Since IK!H Mr. Henderson has resided in Washington. Holt County Honored. it Is with pleasure that we announce tlt. Hon. John Keuiiish, a Holt Count? Iwv. has Imtm named by Gov ernor Major us a member of the State Utilities Commission. No Respite for Oil. Governor Major has vetoed Casey's .Senate lllll fiHi, giving leniency to the Standard Oil Company, ousted from the state by the supreme court. The bill provided that the company could continue its business by the payment of a license fee liehle that required of other corporations. The governor vetoed the 1)111 upon the following grounds as set out In vote message probably two thousand words in length: I llecause to approve this hill would break down the anil-trust laws of Missouri which have been twenty-live years in building. because It would destroy thu In centive of the attorney general to he vigilant In the enforcement of the laws alTect lug competition and busi ness. Ilecause the hill Is In ellect a legis lative recall of a Judicial decision. Ilecause there are grave doubts as to the constitutionality of the bill. Ilecause the approval of the bill would embarrass the future enforce ment of the laws. The governor's veto was expected. When the public hearing was held on the bill he raised many of the points brought out In his veto. The Standard Oil prosecutions were Instituted by his predecessors as at torney general, Governor Hadley, and prosecuted to a conviction in the su preme court . The company appealed to the United States Supreme Court and there the arguments were made for the ouster by Governor Major, then attorney general. The supreme court alllrmed the tlndlng of the Missouri court ousting the Standard and lining it $5n,ooo, The case is still pending In the su prcine court of Missouri on a motion for hearing on a motion to suspend judgment during the good behavior of the company. HON JOHN KKNMSII. Then are live members of thlscom mllon Tin- are Judge John Ken 11M1, foruii'i member of the Missouri supreme com I : John M. Atkinson, of lllplcy ciiuiit), iiirincr assistant at torney ui'Ut'rul and speaker of the Missouri house of rcpicc ntatiu'.-: II. It. Shaw, iteau of I lie cugllicc rill)! lc- p.irtinein 'if MI-.-c.inl uulu'islt. and illrectorni tin eiiyliiccilngoxpeilinciil siatioii: I-1 a u Wight man, of Mouult, member of the buril of i.illro.iil and warehouse commissioners which went out of existence Apt il l.". The other member had nut been appointed opto the lime this was written. Tie utilities commission will be iMinpo-ed ot thief HeitUM'iutsiiud two lie publican, the Republican members being Keiml-li and Wight man. Kach mcmliei of the utilities com mission will receive an annual salary of 5,5ik) In addition to traveling ex penses. They must, reside In Jelfersou City and maintain an olllce at the capltol during their term of service. County Court. County Court was In session last week, and while not so much record was made, they did a large amount of business. It Is no little matter to take up and make arrangements to llnaucc the construction of bridges and culverts, and distribute them over the county equitably and please everybody. This matter occupied much of tlu court's time, and dually made their nidcr for the building of a number of steel bridges, and a very largu iiiiiuher of conciett! bridges and culverts, The court ordered the payment of fil.iHito W. II, Morris for two wolf scalps, County Surveyor l'eret w as Inst i tid ed to re-survey and mark out the public road In Million township, as petitioned for by Charles Thnmasniid others. The court made Its order allowing overseers 2.5o per day for labor and $.1.50 per day fur hand and team. Delos Drowning, overseer of district JO Summit, made his report. rim various overseers appointed at the February meeting, tiled their bonds, which went approved by the court. County Highway Kuglueer l'eret tiled an exhaustive report as to the needs of the county In bridges and culverts, and reported the need of eleven steel bridges, 2.') tube culverts and 42 concrete culverts. The court made Its order for the construction of 5 steel bridges and :;Ocuticrelo culverts. He also Hied his reporl of bridges built by the Mo. Iron & ilrldge Co., which was approved by the court, and a warrant for $2,8oo was ordered. upon railroads, etc., will not exceed $2,ooo,mio this year. Last year rail roads were assessed at $184,411.1,511. In 1011 the board assessed them at $181,- 713.1 1: and for loin at 170,1180,882. The state board In adjusting Its valuations, made no Increase In Holt County avsessmeiil as returned by the assessor, leaving the total of tx,oa"i,7lH) as returned by him. The following table gives the value placed upon farm lands and town lots and the various elapses of personal property for i'.H.'l by the State Hoard of Kiiiiallatlon: Lands $I.V),4Ti ,0)11 Town lots 7.VI.80I.180 Total real estate $1,212,278,245 lloises t :i,437,477 Mules II.IM.'.WJ Asses and Jennets 707,202 Neat cattle 22,420,107 Sheep I, .'177.1115 Hogs ,.ik,7.'IO All other live stock i:il,:U18 Money, notes and bonds. . . 100,521,005 ('orporatccoinp.inlcs, banks 07,87:1,010 Corporate companies 15,710,012 Ml other personal property sil,IU.I,27il Total personal property. M-Vi, 1.10,270 Total value real and pc rsonal l .5"l7.70s.5 1 5 Take It Hack. Wi! have been strictly sober for sev eral weeks haven't taken anything stronger than collee for over three weeks, and the only excuse we can oiler our old friend. H. F. Welter, of the Farmers' Hank, of Maltland, In making such an egregious erior In our report of the condition of his bank In our general wtltuiip last vveeU, Is either our optics am In bad repair, or we are losing our mathematics. How we managed to say that his deposits only aggregated 20l,iiOI, when we should have said they were 4202,.'I21. N one of those peculiar Incidents that will come to the newspaper man once In a while. This makes a material dif ference as to the bank's relative posi tion, and In place of living fourth It Is In llrst position. Ho also erred In giving the amount of deposits of the t'ltlens Hank of this city, by saying they had $158,840 on deposit when It should have read $120,840. These corrections change thu total on deposit In all our banks from $t,'.i2;i,82.'l to l,iHi-,iH2, and gives the various banks the following relative positions; Farmers', Maltland ' Heatoti, Craig 'ook-lloecker, ( Iregou Holt County Hank, MoundClty Peoples. Maltland Hank of Mound City Clll.ciis, Oregon Forest City, Forest City. Hank of lllgolow Exchange, Mound Clly. Hank of Forbes Farmers & Merchants, Craig Hank of Corning Peoples, Corning Home, Forest City 2(l2,:i21 2tn,8;i:i 218,12'J 2iisj,o:ii 171,001 1111,870 120,810 117,001 K,ti:iii 7:j,oo' 117,'. 120 02,1105 58,550 :io,5:i7 27,471 Sensational Slashes. Henioval of all tariff from many ar ticles of food and clothing; broad re ductions In the rates of duty on all necessaries of life; an Increase of tariff on many luxuries; and a new Income tax that would touch the pocket of every American citizen whose net in come exceeds 14,000, are the striking features of the new Democratic tariff revision bill. Sugar would be free of duty In 1010, thu bill producing an Immediate 25 per cent reduction and the removal of tho remaining duty In HMO. Itaw wool would be made free at once with a correspondingly heavy re duction In the tariff on all woolen goods. All these other articles are put on the free list namely: Meats, Hour, bread, boots and shoes, lumtier, coal, harness, saddlery, iron ore, milk and cream, potatoes, salt, swine, corn, corn meal, cotton bagging, agricul tural Implements, leather, wood pulp, lllbles, printing paper not worth more than 2 cents per pound, typewriters, sewing machines, typesetting ma chines, cash registers, steel rails, fence wire, cotton ties, nails, hoop and baud Iron. Ilsh, sulphur, soda, tanning materials, acetic and sul phuric acids, bora., lumber products Including broom handles, clapboards, huhs tor wheels, posts, laths, pickets, staves, shingles, These principal Hems are taken fioin the free list and taxed: Hough ami uncut diamonds and precious stones, furs, coal tar prod ucts, in per cent: volatile oils, 2u per cut: spices, from one cent to two cents per pound. Chairman Fnderwood, of the vva.vs and means committee, In his state ment accompanying the new tarltT hill. gave the following tariff table, to show reductions In larllY duties made upon necessaries. In each Item, both the present tarltT and the pioposed tarlll had been reduced to an ad val orem basis. I'he tleures In thu table refer lothe per cent Involved, the. ierceiit being reckoned on the value of the article. Present Proposed i-aw. Cream of tartar 25.15 Medicinal prepara tions 50.U5 Castor oil .TI.W Wash blue 2.I..V.I Salt peter 0.27 Common soap '.'o.iki Saleralus or bicarbon ate -i."i Salsoda,washliigsoda.20.t;i liorax, reiineii .1... Lline 0-17 China and crockery, not decorated . . . .n.1.00 Grindstones 0.21 lllcvcles 15,00 Pocket knives 77.0S ;i5.00 Wo are getting so used to Parcel Tost that we are beginning to wonder how we ever got along without it. Hut Isn't thai, always the way with the things we have trouble In getting. Total 1,007,118: The amounts held by the banks in the various towns where there are more than one bank Is as follows: MoundClty tl4.l,iMl Maltland 1:17,: Oregon :ms,07l Craig :i2l,408 Forest City H4.5.I8 Corning iw.ih Our Wealth. The total valuation of the real estate and personal property of Mis souri for the taxes of lOI.'l, as dually fixed by the statu board of equaliza tion last, week, is $1,5117,708,515, an In crease of $15,8.15,411, over the assess ment of last year. When the value of public service corporations Is added thu total valuation of the state will be about $1, 705,000,000. Tho Increase falls upon real estate; there Is a decrease of value on per sonal property of this decrease, to,(K)0,ooo fell on moneys, notes, etc; $441 on horses: $1,000,000 on cattle, $1102 on hogs, $202,000 on sheep, and $1,000,000 on banks, and $4,000 on cor porate companies and other property. If the increase upon Public Service Corporations, whlcli include railroads, telegraph and telephone lines, bridges, privaio cars, street and electric ran road companies, is correspondingly small, the statu will derive littlo more money from direct taxation than It ma last year. It is expected the total increase Law. IL8.1 .11.11 I5.00 15.00 0.87 5,1 K 1 8.50 10.25 I. .'It 5.IN) this matter. If Wesley Kdwards had not sent for Maud Iroler to come and marry him, the detectives would not have had a chance to follow her. She kept the secret Edwards didn't. Again, If those gun-men had not In sisted thatthelr wives live with them, the detectives might not have found them. They were not so discreet aa their w ives. All three of these women maintained silence and acted discreet ly so far as they governed their own actions. Such criticism as Is going the rounds ot the press Is not only unfair but cowardly. Man has held woman re sponsible for his mlsfortuncever since Mother Kvu's curiosity got thu better ot her. If Adam had been made of the right Kind of stuff ho would never have been tempted. If man ever since had been blessed with the wis dom that he ought to have, lie would have escaped many of thu misfortunes that he charges to woman. Don't blame It on the women. 72.:m . ..VI.77 ..II.U8 . .:i5.mi 27.117 . ...JI.25 . . .51.05 ::o.:is fruit ,. ..51.11 1:1.50 . . . .22.05 12.74 ....5u.no and :i5.ou :io 00 8,:i:i 25.00 55.00 55.00 IIU.IHI 27.00 15.00 Hum 2.1.81 ;i:i.:i:i 11.20 We republish thu llnancial state incnl of the Hank of Corning, this week. In last week's Issue a worn out llguru 2 made us say that "Time certlllcates of deposits" were only l,045.)iU, when It should have been 24,045.iiil, making thu bank's total de posits $58,050.42. We gladly republish the statement, and regret that the worn out ligiiiu caused the hank to bo listed In thu Holt County Sentinel summary lower down In thu column. Corning Mirror, April 11, Wl.'l. Hello! Hullo! Would you believe it. We are the greatest telephone users In the world. Tho dally average of talks ovor thu telephone last year was over 211,000,000, There are 70,000 places, towns, cities and hamlets from which telephone messages may be sent. This Is 5,000 more than the number of our postoftlces, 10,000 more than tho number of our railroad stations and three times tho number of tele graph orllces In tho country. There are nearly 7,500,000 telephone stations in tho Hell system an Increaso last year of over 800,000. These are tho facts reported by the American Tel egraph and Telephone Company in reference to the Hell business. It earned lost year nearly $43,000,000. Will It be believed that the majority of its shares are owned by women and less than seven per cent by bro kers? This Is the best answer to those who charge that our great cor porations aro owned and run uy few wealthy men exclusively for tin ovv n benefit. Itaors Scissors and shears. Knives and forks. . Furultuii) Cattle Macaroni, etc Hlce, cleaned KggtJ , Stocks, etc., of trees Mineral waters. Spool thread.... Cotton cloth . . . Cotton clothing Stocklncs. hose nan nose.seivegiMi.. ,.i..is Men's anil boys' cot ton work gloves sti.lT Knit shirts, drawers. etc.. andunilervvear.iio.27 Collars and cuirs ,. ..10.10 HlanketK 72.r.'.i Flannel I'.I2 Clothing, ready matle.70.5ii Women's anil chil dren's dress goods,, 00,70 SewiiiL' silk 25.00 Wrapping paper .'IVihi Hooks 25.00 llrooms IO.iki Matches 27.50 Harness and saddlery. other than leather .:i5.mi India rubbers, inaiiii- frclures of .'15.00 Lead uunclls .10.00 The now rates are estimated lo re duce the customs revenue apiuoxl-iiminli- so imni.ooo ;i vi.r. This Is ex. ..A.....V I... .r. l. Ihn liii.nmii I iiuiuu iu nu ikaiiu .). . ii.u iiiv uiiiu 1 come. IUA. Kndorsed by Picsldeiit Wilson, the measure represents the elforts of thu President and the liuusu tarilf makers to carry Into effect Democratic pledges of downward revision and of conces sions to the American consumer. Protection to the farmer would be cut throughout by mure than 50 per cent In an effort to reduce the cost, of food. , Protection to thu steel and Imple ment manufacturer would In turn be cut by fully us wide a margin. Heaviest reductions rail upon food stuffs, agricultural products, woolen and cotton clothing. a lelr 27.58 .'10.011 15.00 211.00 ;o.(Ki 5)1.00 .n.oo 25.ini .'iO.IHI 25.00 ;io.(m :i5.oo .15.00 15.00 25.00 15.00 1 5.1 k 1 1 1. (HI 20,00 10.0(1 25 INI A Revolting Revelation. That is a startling revelation com ing out of Colorado, In a report of the Interstate Commerce Commis sion, telling of widespread violations by public (initials In that state, against both thu national and thu statu laws prohibiting their accep tance of railway passes. Such a rev elation would Icj had enough If It re vealed only executive or legislative olllcers In deliberate and selllsh vio lation of the laws they are under oath lo respect and enforce. 1 1 grows much mori' sinister, however, In the assertion, boldly made, lint many of the Judges In the statu habitually use transportation furnished to t licit), without money charge, by railway Hues. Still worse icmalns behind. Com missioner llarlam, who had made thu iuvesllgati.iii in most cases, says that railway passes were not always sent to the Judges 011 thu liiltlatlvu of the railway corporations, hut In a great many cases thu Judges had written to the railway managers asking the transportation desired. Mr. Harlan stated he had seen letters not only asking Mich favors, hut, after they had been granted, expressing grati tude and a sense of obligation. If an) body has wondered why the demand for what Is called "radical- Ism" has so greatly grown In this country in late years, it will ho fool- Mi to attempt answering by attrib uting the outbreak to the liitlucncu of anvonu man, The sources of pop ular unrest and Irritation are In such things as this story of oillclal and Ju dicial degredatlon In Colorado. If they had been few, thu protest would he mild. It Is because they have been and now are many, that there Is ceaseless "agitation" which can never he stopped by the feeble excla mations of such as will uvcii cry out against this ollldal exposure as "a disturbance." Clean Up. ssiiriiu.' clean 1111 siiouitiiiu Women and Secrets. A woman led Virginia detectives lo Des Moines, Iowa, where they arrested Sidney Allen and Wesley Kdwards. Two women led the New York police to a llrooklyn Hat when they arrested "Oyp tho Hlood" and "Lefty Louie," Indicted for the complicity In the murder of Herman Rosenthal, There upon tho pressor the country humor ously remarks that women can't keep secrets. Perhaps some women can't. Some men can't. The press Is absolutely unfair n The city' started this morning The housekeeper and owner is urged to work with the city. Now Is the time for the collection of tin cans and rubbish of all kinds: thu cleaning out of basements and cellars', the white washing and paint ing and the scrubbing thatwill make 1 iregou a good place to live In by mak ing its Individual homes uood places to live In, and Its business houses good places In which to do business. Everybody help. And remember the spring clean-up Is deal lion disease germs, and the most elfcct I ve swatting the Hy ever gets. Why, thuie's a Hy! seems kind o' good, doesn't It, to hear him buz.lng around contentedly in that sunny window? It means that spring has You aru glad to vvelcomu him, just as you welcome the crocuses and blue birds. Hut wait a minute. Where did that lly comu fromY Not up from Florida with Gentle Sister South Wind as did Ilobln lledbrcast and Winsome. Hlueblrd. No. He hatched out ot a muck heap, and he came right Into thu housu without wiping his feet. And his wife will go hack to the muck heap to lay more eggs, and hy the time the hot days come the two will have some millions of descendants, and all of them will come Into the house without wiping their feet, and they will leave lllth and disease germs In your food. Spoils 1 he romance, doesn't It. Tho lly Is your enemy. Slay hhn! -A quintet of Infants was born recently lo Mrs. Charles Smith, of Dauby, New York, The live are well and healthy and the physician ex pects them to live. It Is said that the birth of quintuplets has been re corded In this country only three times.