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The Holt County sentinel. (Oregon, Mo.) 1883-1980, April 25, 1913, Image 1

Image and text provided by State Historical Society of Missouri; Columbia, MO

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90061417/1913-04-25/ed-1/seq-1/

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48TH YEAR.
OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY. APRIL 25, 1918.
NUMBER 51.
Dragged Road Law.
The Senate Hill, to provide a sys
tem of drawee! roads to connect all
county seats In the state In one gen
eral system) and appropriating money
therefor, was signed by the Governor
legislation, it Is also true thai It Is
protected by legislation protected to I
a greater extent than labor is. Capital
has advantages in this country that It
has In no other, because of govern-
merit policy to promote development
of natural resources and extend trade.
on Friday last, and at once becomes a Canta, , t)ls cmmlry ias a himTfS
law, by reason of an emergency clause
The bill was drafted and Introduced
by Senator Hawkins, of Dunklin coun
ty. The bill providing for an equal dis
tribution of all moneys In the good
roads fund to the various counties
and the city of St. Louis, known as
the Senator Carter Hill, was vetoed
by the Governor.
The hill to provide a system of
dragged roads is as follows:
Itc It enacted by the General Assem
bly of the State of Missouri, as fol
lows:
Section 1. There Is hereby created
a county highway board In each and
every county In this state which shall
be composed of three members. Said
members of thecotttity highway-board
shall be appointed as follows: One
member to lie appointed by the coun
ty court, of said county, one member
by the state highway engineer, and
one member by the Governor; the
members of said board shall hold their
ofllccs for a term of two years from
tho date of their appointment, and
they shall servo without eompotisa
Hon. Provided, that In counties that
have or may hereafter have a county
highway engineer, he shall ox-oiHclo
be a member of said board.
Sec'-'- All members of said board
shall be nt least twenty-one years of
age. bona Ilile residents of said conn
ty. mill fully Idontlllod with the in
terests of said county and good road"
Sec. .'I. The appointments to said
county highway board shall bit made
within sixty days after the taking ef
feet, of this act , and when appointed,
said county highway board shall meet
within ten days at the county seat.
and organize by the election of one of
their number as chairman, and one as
secretary
Sec. I. The county highway board
and the state highway engineer are
hereby directed to select the most
practical road from the county seat
to the county seats of each adjoining
county. The purpose being to select
a system of county seat connecting
roads, between all countyseats hi the
state, said roads to he known as conn
ty scat highways
. Sec. ."i. It shall ho the duly of the
Mate highway engineer lo certify to
the state auditor the Milliliter of miles
of such highway In each county.
Sec il. It shall lie the duly of said
county highway board lo let by con
trad and to have dragged said county
seat highway In their county, provld
ed that In any county where It Is lin
possible to drag said road, an amount
equal to the cost of dragging shall bn
expended In the betterment or ald
road.
Sec. 7. There Is hereby approprlal
ed from the general state road fund,
for the purpose of dragging said road,
or the betterment of said road as pro
vlded In this act, the sum of llftcen
dollars (11.1) per annum for each mile
of road in each of said counties. To
be audited and paid out of the stain
treasury on the certificate of said
county highway board and the stale
highway engineer. Said account shall
bo payable monthly
Sec. H. Said county highway board
shall not pay more than seventy cents
(.70) a mile for each dragging with a
standard four-horse drag, not less
than eight feet long. Said board be
Ing limited to dragging said road not
to exceed two-thirds of the annual
anoronrlatlon per mile in any six
months. "
Sec. li. Kacli county highway board
Is authorized to receive and expend
upon said road any sums of money
deal, but It seems to want something
more than a square deal.
There has been a growing suspicion
that "timidity" of capital is due to
New Drainage Law.
I have been asked to give, in brief,
some explanation as to changes made
In the Circuit Court Drainage Act
(Article 1, Chapter 41, H. S. Mo.)
Of necessity such a review must Iks
brief and In a sense unsat I factory,
else It would prove of loo great
length.
Only the most Important changes
will be noticed: The llrst and most
Important change Is In the matter of
desire more to secure advantages L,rvl(.L. personal service !elng dls
i-l It, ! 1 1 blinn il lint I in tlmn tn 1 ...
which It should not have, than to
make the most of Its legitimate op
portunities. Somehow or other "In
vestment" has become synonymous
with "speculation," and, as Governor
Sulzcr says, the sooner these two
terms have a well defined and distinct
meaning, the belter II will be for the
business of the country
pensed with, and all parties being now
brought In by nubllcatlon. Tills
shortens time of getting service as
well as making a great saving In
costs, especially tu the formation of a
large district. Objections to the or
ganization of a drainage district arc
limited by the Act of llllll to the al
legations of the petltlonand are tobe
summarlally tried by the court.
The old law, providing that the no
tice for the first election and subse
quent annual elect Ions should be pub
lished In some paper published at the
that the election
should beheld at someplace designat
ed In the district, is amended by the
Act. of lUl.'l, so that the notice maybe
published in any newspaper published
In the County and the meet Ing held
at a dav and hour specllled, In some
public place In I lie county, In which
the district was organized: the annual
elections to be held Inthusaiueuiouth
of each year after the election of the
llrst. board of supervisors.
Tor the purpose of defraying the
expense of organization ami preliml
nary work, the board Is, under the
WI.'IAct, authorized to levy a level
rate, not exceeding tlfly cents per
acre
In the matter of assessing henollts
and damages under the lui:i Act, the
provision of the former statutes that
the damages found should bededucted
from the beuellts, Is amended so that
all damages are In be paid In cash
anil this payment Is tobu made at any
I line prior to the taking of the laud
and further amended as lo proceed
Ings bad on the Incoming of the com
mlssloncr's report, so that no appeal
Burn Diseased Hogs.
Owners of hogs that die from contag
ious diseases, must see to il that they
are disposed of bvbelm! burned, or nav
i severe penalty for neglect In doing count j sicat, aim
so. At the late session or die legisia
ture a most drastic law was passed
making the penalty very severe for
failure to comply with Its provision.
The new law provides thattheown
ers of swine that, die of any disease
shall dispose of the carcasses within
twenty-four hours after they die In
completely burning upon the premises
where they have died, unless the state
veterinarian or his deputy, shall sped
Heady prescribe some other manner In
which Ibe carcasses may he disposed
of. It shall be the duly of owners of
swine that may be sick of any fatal
disease to give a warning by placing
vellow llagsinslzoat least luxPJ Indie
at all gates or other openings Into his
premises. I'pou Hie failure of any
person to comply with thu require
ments of this section It shall be the
duty of any one having knowledge of
the same to report the facts to the
state veterinarian or hlsdcpnly whose
duty It shall be to at once Investigate
Hie case and If he lluds the law Is lie
Ing violated he shall at once arrest
the offender and prosecute the same
in any court having Jurisdiction over lies, except from either or noiii oi ine
such misdemeanors. following questions:
First, whether Just compensation
has been allowed for property appriK
prlaled: anil Second, whether prope
damages have been allowed for prope
prejudicially affected by the Improve
ments.
Ily the Act. of HUH, It is no lodge
icqulrcd that the taxes bo cerlllledto
the County Clerk, but are lo bo cor
tilled to the Collector by the Secre
tary of the board, not later than Sep.
temher 1 of each year: that the taxes
levied for drainage purposes shall be
come delluutienl on December :il of
Always a Hustling.
Holt county has many live, pi ogres.
slve farmers-some of whom own
large and extensive tracts of land, and
the lauds are farmed under their per
sonal supervision. We believe Holt
county can boast of one of the best
and most, extensive live stock farms
In the Plattu Purchase. -thai of W..I
(Hilly .Unit Patterson, of Clay town
ship, In the Itlchland district.
In IK!i:, when death took from him
his father, the responsibilities of the each year, and shall bear a penalty of
caru of thu family, and the then small two uer cent per month, on the
farm camu to him, and he met these amount of said taxes from dale of dr
responsibilities with courage and do- llnuuency until paid
termination, and years have came and No change of venue lo any nthc
gone, and with these came additions county or circuit, hi any or the pro
to the possessions of the old farm, tin- ceedlugs had under the provisions
III today he Is the possessor of 2.000
ucies of us line land us can he seen
anywhere this side of the river Nile.
lie is not only a farmer and stuck
raiser, but he Is a thorough-going
business man, knowing debits and
credits In their every relation know
Ing what It costs to produce and the
needs of a fair return and what coir
stllutes a fair return for production
had under this act, except where I he
Judge of the court. In which thu Art!
cles of Association have been Hied
shall be disqualified for any of the
reasons stated In the Statute relating
to change of venue in civil cases, but
provides thai If the Judge should he
dlsqualllled, for any statutory rea
sons, il. shall he his duty to call In a
Judgu from another circuit, to sit and
He knows the importance of having hear the proceedings and render his
proper buildings, substantial improve- decree ami judgment same as me.
ments, good fcncesand that It Is as regular Judge could have, hut such
necessary for these on a farm as li is Judge shall only retain Jurisdiction in
for a manufacturer lo have the neccs. such reclamation proceedings until
sary buildings and machinery for his the disqualification of the regular
production. There Is no feature or Judge or the circuit, court suan nae
Ids farm that does nut Indicate pro-
gresslveness on every hand such as a
water supply system, barns, breeding
pens, lights, etc. His home is a mod
ern one In every way, and "Hilly .Mm"
and his good wife, not only enjoy the
. . . I III 111 III
that may bo appropriated or uonaicn ,abors tpjal comu l0 tlcm , coking
by counties or the citizens thereof, or a(tor their extensive responsibilities,
by township boards, and for this pur- but they also enjoy all thoeoinfortsof
pose shall have genera. WnmyWW
over said road. our rL.aders an idea of how busy a man
Sec. IK. The extreme necessity for Inml woman. Mr. and Mrs. Patterson
eood roads between the county seats are letus remind them thatho has'JOOO
of various count es create an emer-
irencv within tho meaning of thoCoiv
stltution. and this act shall he In ef
fect from and after the date of Its
passage.
Timidity of Capital.
Vice President Marshall has very
little oatlcnce with timid capital. He
recently told a man
acres of laud: KM) head of brood sows:
300 head or fat hogs, ready for market;
iton head of stock lions, on the crass:
looo head of spring pigs; pki ncau or
head of horses and mules, and to of
these he has busy at work on the farm
now, attending to the demands of the
hour.
Mrs. Patterson Is nobly U
her end of tho big business, and will
not !(! outdone bv her "hubby" she
cmcKens, ami Keeps
been removed. Tho Judge so called lo
bo paid by the state.
No appeal from any action of the
circuit court, had under tho Act of
ltil.'l, will act us a supersedeas or delay
any action or prosecution of any pro
ceedings or work begun under the
provisions of the act.
Another feature of the HU.i Act
not heretofore found In any or the
law s concerning circuit court proced
ure Is that any person, owning lands
assessed tor the construction of any
ditch or other Improvements, shall
have the privilege of paying samo In
full, less any sum that may have been
lovled for Interest.
This meots the demand often made
by thai class of landowners, who do
not like to have a lien against, their
land and pay interest on the assess
inent for 20 years.
The Act of mill, also provides, spe
mill- has 2000
i snvHii ine.uiiatorsruiinitiL'a lime lime.
i,im nit. h reoresented a group pos- ' ."" clllcally, tho steps to be taken III tho
sesslng 75,0O0,000 to bo Invested, and I itlled 'with little chicks during the matter of tho extension of the boun-
was waiting to see what congress summer as iasi as utey naicu. in nor aary lines oi muuisi-ncv, ior mu uiui
was uolmr to do. that "capital which largo basement at her home, she has ,n of two or more districts, for cor
cannot stand a square dcallsn't much "to'iS W churns'; all Vim by
lood to anybody, anil that capital LmsolIne nower
...i.imi winta irnvnrnment assistance Talk about business:
. . . 7..., i. n. Patterson and wlfo. are a busy team
L" " " and Ve doubt if there Is a busier pair
wiii Ib it. is trim that caoltal runs tQ be found " t" w'u l'lauo l'l,r
.iciQ tn a f-nrtnln uxtent created bv I chase.
rections and amendments of decrees,
and for tho extension of Its period of
"Hilly Jim" Us Incorporation.
Tho Act repeals Article 1 of Chap
tor 41, Revised Statutes of Missouri,
and was passed with an emergency
clause, and Is now the law. Sections
.V,hl, .VI2U, .VI.M. i)lli,ul.i, oUU, "747,
i"."7, iVWli and 8io:i of the lievlscd
Statutes of Missouri, WOP, and re
pealed by House Hill No. Ml, and the
following penal sections enacted
enacted with an emergency clause.
Prom the fact, that every land own
er In all of the drainage districts of
the county, is interested In the laws
of the protection of the works, these
sections are given In full:
"Section 1. It shall be unlawful
for any person, persons, association or
corporation to 1 1 1 1 up, or cause to bo
tilled up, Injure, Impair or destroy the
usefulness of any drain, levee, ditch,
dike, revetment or other works con
structed heretofore or hereafter in
any drainage district or levy districts
organized under the provisions of any
previous, existing or future laws of
Missouri, providing for the formation
f drainage or levee districts to re
claim swamp, wet and overllowed
lands for sanitary or agricultural pur
poses. It shall also he unlawful for
any person, persons, association or
orporatlon to In any manner throw
or cause lo be thrown, fall or cause lo
fallen, place or cause to Is- placed
or Moated any tree, tree top, brush,
ng or other substance In any drain,
lllch. Hood way or other works con-
truclcd by any drainage or levee dis
trict heretofore or hereafter con
structed In this stale: or lo build any
fence, dam, or other winks across any
uch dllch: or to pasture any slock on
mv levee or right of way of any levee
while the water In the rlvtr
or rivers, which such levee -ir levees
lavebeeu constructed lo keep luck
from the lands, are above Hood stage
In such rivers: or lo use any such
levee for road purposes by ihivlng or
riding anv ass. mule, horse or oxen on
the top or side of any levee at any
time. Any persons violating any mu
or more of the foiegolug provision
hall he guilty of a misdemeanor and
ilium conviction snail ne mien lorcaen
and everv olfense a sum not less than
lift v dollars nor more than live hun
dred dollars, or he may he linprlsonei
for not less than thirty nor more than
two hundred days In some county Jail
or both such line and Imprisonment
Provided, thai when a corporation
has been found gulltyof violating any I
of the foregoing provisions the direc
tor, manager or other employe In
charge of Hie work under which the
violation occurred shall be subject
also lo the foregoing penally ar penalties.
Seel Ion 2. Whoever shall cul. dy
namite, willfully Injure or otherwise
Impair or cause lo he Injured or Im
paired any levee or Missouri con
structed by iny drainage or levee dls
trlcl organized under any previous,
existing or future laws of this state
shall be deemed guilty of a felony,
and upon convict Ion thereof shall he
conllned In the stnle penitentiary not
less than two nor more than llfteen
years.
Seel Ion .1. It shall be tho duty of
the land owners of any drainage cr
levee district, enumerated In the pre
vlous seel Ions, and the sherllV of each
count v In which such districts are
situate In whole or In part to report
anv and all violations of the provi
sions of the previous sections to the
prosecuting attorneys or the counties
in which the offenses have been com
mitted, and such prosecuting attor
neys shall at once Hie Informal Ions
:iLa nsl l he person, persons, associa
tion or corporation so charged and
prosecute the same.
Section 1. It shall no urn ciuiy oi
the circuit Judges to Instruct tho
grand Juries of the counties, where It
Is thought violations or the previous
sections have occurred, to make In
vestlgatlon of such violations.
Section .1. where any fence, dam
or other works shall have been con
structcd across any drains or ditch of
any drainage or levee district organ
Izod under any of tho previous or ex.
Istlng laws or Missouri prior to tho
passage or this act, It shall bo the
dutv of the person, persons, associa
tion or corporation having built such
fence, dam or other works to remove
or have removed tho same within
thlrtv days after this act becomes a
law, and any such person, persons, as
soclatlon or corporation falling to
make such removal within that time
shall.be deemed guilty of a mlsde
meanor and subject to tho samo pen
allies provided for In Section 1 of tills
act.
Section l. Nothing In the provlous
sections of this act shall be construed
so us to orovent tho construction or
water-gates across drainage ditches
provided thesamo are built In such
manner as not to retard the How or
water through tho ditches nor In any
wav lmoalr tho usefulness or sucn
ditches."
At Gettysburg.
A very comprehensive circular or
Information with regard lo the cele
bration at Gettysburg has been Issued
and Is full of Interest to all veterans
who anticipate attendance. The
Commission has gone over the ground
very thoroughly, and made prepara
tions which must receive commenda
tion from all who study them. The
Commission has very properly taken
steps tu restrict the lodging and feed
ing of those attending to accredited
veterans. The question Is how this
accrediting shall be made, and the
Commission has made II sufficiently
llberal and within easy reach of every
attendant. It has enlarged Its provi
sions so that a certificate from a
Grand Army Post will be sufficient.
As It now stands a veteran can obtain
admission tu the camp by:
I. Inhibiting his discharge, his pen
sion certlllcate or a certlllcate of ser
vice.
2. Ily a certificate from the Com
mander or a Post or the Grand Army
of the ltepuhllc or from the Com
mander of a Camp of thu 1 lilted Con
federate Veterans.
:i. Ily a certlllcate from the War or
Navv Depart ments, the Governor,
Adjutant-General or Gettysburg Com
mlsslouer of a State.
We think the belter way will he for
those at tending loprodiicecerllllcates
from I he Commander. of their Posts,
If I'lilon veterans, and from the
('.imps. H Confederate veteran el
erans should not i lk carrying their
pension certificates or their ilNdiarg
es to Gettysburg, where there would
he er.ive dancer of loss In the crowd
and confusion that must at limes re
suit Kveryonc who propose to at
lend should take pains to providi
himself In advance with his cerllll
cite, because It Is a matter that l
liable to he too long delayed and
make tumble. Those who do nut be
long lo Post or who are not near
enough In get a certlllcate from their
Post can obtain them from the Gov
ernor of Hie Stale, the Adjutant-Gen
oral or the Stale member of the Gel
tyshurg Commission.
George M. Pullman's early career, his
battle was practically won when he
Induced a railroad manager to try
his llrst sleeping car. The traveling
public quite promptly appreciated
the convenience. Competing railroads
had to take It up or lose passengers.
After that Mr. Pullmrn, as wo recall
It, never had any great trouble In
getting all tho money and credit ho
needed to extend the business.
It was the case of the man with
the Idea who was known to bo a re
liable man. When he once got bin
Idea clearly before men of money and
the matters or credit, all the money
and credit he needed came right.
along.
Missouri did not have a soldier at
the battle of Gettysburg. She had
fully as Important work much nearer
home. While the Armies or the IM
lomacand Northern Irglnla were
icing hir the llnlsh at Gettysburg
Mlssourlans in icgimcutsand brigade
were working with pick and shovel
rllle and cannon to take the light out
or the .in.oiiii Confederate they hail
penned no In Vlckshurg. I;vcry man
that could he spared out of Missouri
was scut lo Grant . and they were dls
tlnctlv In II wherever hard digging
haul marching and hard lighting hail
in hu done. One great victory was
the complement in" the other. Ml
sourl docs her share now by an ap
preprint Inn or tlft.niiii to taku all Hie
veterans IntheSlatewho participated
In the battle to the celebration. I lit
Adjutant -General has appointed Gen
William Tovvsiin to look out for the
Confederates, and Col. Thomas
Itodgers, Past Department Command
or, to caru lor ine i nioti veteran
Comrade Itodgers has been for years
Assistant Adjutant-General of Ml
sourl. G. A. It It Is expected that
between '.'oil and :Uu will attend.
W. II. IllOIIAIlDH.
Miss Lillian Price wasaSUoseph
visitor, last week.
His Latest.
To those who know Governor Ma
jor best, Ills manner of selecting
members for the new Public. Service
Commission Is In keeping with his
Ideals or government: but. those
loubtlng Thomases who like to dis
cover Haws In the conduct of all
public officials, the course or the
Governor will lie a decided surprise.
or the four members already ap
pointed, two are Republicans and
two are Democrats. We may even
issimie that the selections were made
In this manner because Gov. Major
had In mind nothing whatever but
the Illness of the men he wished to
obtain for what promises to he a
highly exacting duty. Hut If he gave
my thought to the question of par
lies, In connection with (he appoint
ments he has made, II is to he noted
that he did not "play politics."
We believe that he had a rue hand
In Hie making of his selections, and
that he might have chosen all the
members of the commission from
tuning the men or his own parly.
I'hat he did not do so Is highly to
his credit.
Our state has reached a point
where It can he seen much too plain
ly that the progress of the common
wealth ha been retarded by partisan-
hip: thai second-rate public officials
have often been chosen Instead of
belter men, because or the power or
a political animating spirit. We con
gratulate Gov. Major on his rational
policy thus tar shown In the manage
ment of the affairs of the state.
The Man and the Idea.
Ten days before Christmas, IIHy
years ago, the Chicago papers ncov.
ered that George M. Pullman, or (he
llrm of Pullman ,t Moore, house ruls-
ers. was tmiming wnai no rami -a
oalawslceplnc car." They noted it
as an item of news more curious than
Important.
Ouo or thu papers probably lo till a
vacancy In lis columns resulting from
a temporary dearth of news from thu
seat of war, asked various men sup
posed lo know all about (lie railroad
business and railroad equipments
what they thought or tho enterprise.'
Il summed up their Judgment in a
general prediction of failure.
Probably most of the people who
read the Item thought It was rather
a pity that a promising young me
chanic should waste his savings In a
visionary experiment. Vet out of
that experiment grew the great Pull
man fortune and many other for
tunes, and the whole business of tho
"hotel on wheels," now as much a
matter of course and almost as Indis
pensable as tho railroad itself.
This Incident of llfty years ago Il
lustrates what .1. Plerpont Morgan
meant when ho said before the PJou
committee that credit depended not
on wealth but on the man seeking it,
and clinched his point by telling how
a man, whom ho knew hadn't adollar,
had como Into office, stated his prop-
can's check for $1,000,000, because lie
know the man.
As wo remember tho story of
No Extra Session.
There will he no extra session of
the Missouri general assembly for the
purpose or arranging for the nomina
tion or candidates for Culled States
senator.
Governor Major says that he will
not call a special session for such pur
pose. In the matter or nominating
the candidates hir Culled Slates sen
ator, the governor holds that the ma
chinery ot the stale Is ample. Thu
senators, he says, become elective of
ficers of the state under the seven
teenth amendment! to the fuleral
enlist It lit inn, and as such they come
within the provision of the general
primary law of the state.
The governoi looked up Hie law on
the case when he redved a request
from Secretary of Slate William .1.
1 1 r. van to forward olllcial nolllleat Ion
of the ratlllcatiou or the amendment
by the Missouri legislature. This
was sent lo Washington by Secretary
of Statu lloach by directions or the
governor.
I'lider the governor's view or the
mailer candidates for I'nlled Stales
senator must be nominated at the
general stale primary held in August,
hill, and the names of those nomi
nated automatically on the ballot for
the general election In November of
the samu year, the same as other of
ficers. Envy or Pity?
Vincent Astor has came Into posse,
slon of the Astor millions. To put It
another way, Vincent Astor became
the head of the Astur family, com
manding wealth, position and Inlliit'iice
Insoclety. Ik-assumed responsibilities
it his majorities which mo-i men un
dertake only afier experience In busi
ness and social affairs. Ho will have
advice, much of which ho will pay for,
In Hie management of his fathers
estate. He will ho alile to procure
many of the goodthlngsorthls world,
but after all, tho question Is-should
he be envied or pitied?
The answer to this quest Ion depends
much upon thu experience of the one
who answers it. If ho is a man or
affairs, U he understands thu respon
slbltles or wealth, If he knows (he
dangers to which It exposes the posses
sor, he will reply, "Ho Is to bo pitied
It he Is not made or the right kind of
of stuff, if hu Is a man whose activi
ties have been limited, if lie has
wanted somu of tho necessaries of life,
If ho has fancied that wealth Is thu
condition to happiness, ho will answer,
"Young Astor Is to be envied." Hut
which is rlghtY Think tho matter
over. Perhaps you will agree with
tho former.
. ...... .II.-. ...

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