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ORSGON CHAUTAUQUA, Avig:u.isit lOtlx to
(The Silt Caitifa vniincl. l"7tlx. 48TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, MAY 2, 1913. NUMBER 52. OlltCIMT COllItT DOINflH. The April Term of Our Circuit Court Now in Scssion-A Bif Docket. "Marse" Henry Watterson, In the Louisville Courier-Journal, sinus tlie praises of tlie "country lawyer." To Ihj sure lie Is not so sleek, Is not so well dressed, Is not so ready of speech, docs not earn such largo fees and does not specialize to so ureal an extent us his city brother, says the eminent Loulsvllllan. On the other hand, says the same authority, he Is better rounded, more resourceful because he "digs" for himself wlthoutasslstancc, has a bet ter position In the community, and is able In the long run to lay more by by the time old age strikes him stud has a hotter time doing It than the urban disciple of lllackstone. This Is largely true. The principal dllTerencu between the city and coun try lawyer Is that the former follows the tendency of the time and special ties, uhllu the latter does general practice. This gives the country lawyer more relative Importance In the communi ty. As a matter of fact, the country lawyer Is one of our national Institu tions. Judge Klllsun promptly called court Monday, and he found that the slier ItT and circuit clerk had their end of the business well In hand in fact, every! hint; was order and ready for htm to begin business, and he began It promptly: he llrst chafed the Brand Jury and put them to work at once, and they Immediately bo( busy; and Is evidenced by the many requisi tions made on many of our cltlcus thai they set aside all manner of ex cuse unit delay, and be and appear be fore them and tell them a few things, and all thai we can learn on the out side, and on the eilBes. Prosecutor TlbbeU Is not only very Inquisitive, but liu is learuiiiB a few tilings from them that may In the near future oc cupy a few paBcs In the docket of the next term of our circuit court. We surely must compliment him for Ids energy and activity thus shown In tlie llrst week of our court The kindly face and familiar llBiiru of the lion. .Ino. W. Stokes, who for It years lias been a constant practl Hotter of the Holt county bar, is no tlceably absent, by reason of sickness -It does not seem natural to look In on the court room, and fall to see ".lohu." It Is to be hoped that lie may yet recover, and be himself again. The grand Jury will begin Its labors this Thursday mornitiB, while wu are at press. The petit Jury is composed of: IllBclow,.!. 0. II inkle. Ilenton. Newton Naumaii, .1. 0. Wilson, A. II. Morris. Clay, S. S. Meadows, V. ('. Karnes, ('has. Duke. Forbes, fi. W. Cot ten, Georgu Van Gundy. Forest, George Col ten, .1. K. Kvaus, M. It. Cummins. Hickory, II. F. Pralswuter. Lincoln, W. C. Pearson. Liberty, I. W. Zachary. Lewis, W. I'russman, Frank Mor Ban, T. .1. Keown, Tlios. Kncalo,Geo. Watson. Minion, .1. II. Morgan. Union, C. I). Strlckler, Asa Turpln, Tlios. Nauman. The paroles of Joseph Dodge, (-'has Hendrlx, Alva I'rollt were discharged The paroles of Francis .1. Wilson and Geo, Dodgo were revoked, and capiases were ordered. The paroles of Charles Low, Lee '.ook, llert Stuart, and Isaac lioyd were continued. Tlie burglary anil larceny cases against Lewis llernard, George John son and John Crane were all eontln tied; also that of Karl McDonald, on charge of rape. These four parties broke Jail, October 13, IU12, and of course their cases will be continued until they come back. A number of minor stato cases against To) Turnham, Win. Craw ford, Chas. Ross, Jess Hatcher, Ked Larklns were all nollcd by the prose cutor. The case of the statu vs. John Kmbry on the charge of perjury was dismissed, the defendant paying costs. Case against htm for assault and bat tery was nollcd. Corbon Osborn plead guilty to gam bling, and was given a line of $25. Red Larkln was fined ISO for dis turbing the peace; he was paroled; lie was also given 100 tine, and months In Jail on a second similar charge, and his bond fixed at MOO. (Continued on page 2) Most All Have Homes. Holt county has :t,42:i dwelling, ac cording to the census report Just Is sued, which leaves .12 families with out homes, there being :1,1V.' dltleretit families In the county each family averages 4 1-5 to each. Of thu total population of 1 1, ."illy, there are 7.520 males and ",0W females which leave the females Urn In the minority. There are 118 negroes In the coun ty: tl'J males and M females. The voters total 4,'Jl.l.or which 41 arc negroes, and 211 are or foreign born white; 3,4)12 are of native paren tage, and 141 naturalized. The total number of illiterates of voting age In the county Is IK!, which Is I.. 'I per cent; lutl of this total Is native white that Is Illiterate. There arc 44H square miles of terri tory In the county, bearing a popula tion of :t2.il to tlie mile. There are II foreign countries rep- legcnted In the county. Austria has 4: Canada, I"; F.ngland, "; France, 1; Germany, 2,13: Denmark, 1: Ireland, 1: Italy, I: llussla, I: Scotland, in; Sweden, 5; Switzerland, 27. The native while persons of native parentage number .l,H'.2. while the native white of foreign or mixed par entage aru .'I,7.'t7. There are In the county M.'.'iC pet- sons ten years old and over. Of this number .'in I are classed a- Illiterate. Persons in to 2n .wars old Inclusive number 2.1 111 and only lo aie lelurucd as Illiterate. if the total number of school age fiom ii years to inclusive, theie are l,.Vil, with an actual attendance of :i,s.nr iki.s' per cent of total. An Increase ol lMl,H7ii In Missouri's population In thu years between Hum and lulu is shown by the population bulletin Just Ivmcd by the I'ulted States Census llurcau. The I'.ilu cen sus gives the State a population of .'l,2!i.'l,:i:i.'i,iir which :i,iiii;i,.Vil arcclascd us native residents. The bulletin gives the total white population as :i,i:il,n;ij; negroes, l.",4.VJ: Indians, lll.'l: Chinese, 5.'!5; Japanese, till, and 2 Filipinos and 2 Hindus. The urban population of tlie Stale Is placed at l,:i:w,SI7, while I,kii,5h persons live In the rural districts. There ate I7.'I,7U5 forclgn-born whites in Missouri cities, while Si, 101 of the same class live in thu rural districts. The number of persons who are class ified under the heads of foielguers total TIT.OHT. Germany leails all conn tries, wltli :iil7,dl descendants in Mlssouii's population. Of the total population of Missouri, 2..'ls7,s;i.'i, or "2.3 per cent arc native whites of native parentage: 51N.20I, or I3.S per cent are native whites of foreign or mixed parentage: 22S,s'.w, or 7 per cent are fotelgu-boru whites, and 157,152, or l per cent ate ne groes. In the tola! population of the State theie are 1,iis7,K.'I males and l.noj, 522 females, or 105,1 males to ino fe males. Thu total number of males 21 years of age and over is Ii7.'l,iui2, represent- ItiB "-1I.5 per cent of thu population. or such males, iii.m per cent are na tive whites of native parentage, 17.2 per cent native whites of foreign or mixed parentage, 12.5 per cent foreign-born whites, and 5.4 per cent negroes, of the 121,101 foreign-born white males of voting age. (15,1112, or 51 per cent are naturalized. Males of militia age -IS to 14-number 721, UK). Thu total number of persons of school age that is, from it In 20 years, inclusive. Is im:i,(il)8, or whom liin.Bim, or (15.1 per cent attended school. In addition to these, 7,040 children urv der (l and U,4ilil persons 21 and over attended school. There aru 111,111) illiterates In the State, representing 4.:i per cent of the total population in years of age and over. The total number of dwellings In Missouri is H77, lixi, and the total number of families 7411,812, there be ing 110.7 families to each 100 dwell ings. Tho average number of persons per dwelling Is 4.0, and the average number per family, 4.4. Consolidated Schools. We are Informed that a movement Is on foot looking to the consolidation of the Walnut Grove and Montlccllo rural schools, and thu patrons of tho two districts are to meet today, Fri day, May 2d, to discuss the matter. The average dally attendance of these two districts during the school year of 1012 was 02, while the enumer ation was 114. The valuation of the Walnut Grove district was(W,780 and that of Montlcello, 41,820a total of U0,(100. One of the distinctly modern move- ments In educational work Is the cen tralization of thu country schools, so that Instead of the meagerly equipped school houses of the past, scattered at long Intervals throughout the coun try, better and larger buildings will be constructed, abler and more eill dent teachers secured, giving the children In the rural districts very mud. thu same accomodation that thu city children enjoy Such a move ment deserves the heartiest public support. It supplements to a large extent the general elTort to unite tlie country towns and the people who live In more or less secluded sections. It was to alleviate thu distress and Incouvenlencecatised by thlscondltlon of affairs that the free rural delivery system w as Inaugurated by the United States government and the telephone was llrst Introduced bringing the farmer and the town Into closest con nection. There is a great difference between the environments of the farmertoday and ten years ago. No development has been more constant or has wrought more of good than that alfee- ting thu "man with the hoc." There Is very small similarity between the Missouri farmer or lui.'l and the bunt mil worn llgure that passed as the subject of Kdwln MaiXam's laborious poem. Thu present generation will see this campaign or progress extend to Include the farmer's child as well. Mr. Chirk Almost An nounces. The .speaker of thu House, aided bv Mr. Ilryan, practically announces his candidacy for the lulu nomination In certain exchanges which were made at the National Capital. The develop ments will be worth following. Those of u- who keep an eyu on po litical history will remember thai for twelve ballots Mr. Clark had a clear majoilty or the ilclcgalcsat the Haiti more convention. Ily all the rules except the two-third- rule he should have been nominated. Mr. Ilryan prevented thu nomination by creating the Impression that Mr. Clark was a reactionary. Mr. Clark hasiilwa.vs re garded Mr. Ilryan's attitude as very unjust. As much as he regret ted thu loss of the nomination, he resented In a greater degree thu Inference that he was not a progressive Democrat. Mr. Ilryan lias now very frankly apologl.ed lo Mr. ('lark, and publicly, In a written document, has put his unreserved approval upon thu Clark brand of progresslvism. Thu Speak er, having had a majority of Undele gates at Halt huorc, therefore has a llrst claim on thu 1UUI nomination, Mr. Ilryan having lixed thu platform of lui2so that Mr. Wilson cannot be a candidate for renomlnatiou without repudiating that document. Altogether, witli Mr. Ilr.van's as sistance at various points, Speaker Clark has almost announced his candi dacy for HUH. The Cigarette Law. inr legislature of MM passed the following cigarette law: "Any person who shall, by himself, his servant or agent, or as the ser vant or agent of any other person, directly or Indirectly, or upon any pretense, or by any devise, sell, give away or otherwise dispose of, unto any person under thu agu of eighteen years, any cigarette, cigarette paper, cigarette wrappers, or any substitute tbererur, or any paper made or pre pared for thu purpose of making clg arei es or lor mo purpose oi uoiug mien vviin touaixu tor sinoKing, suau ' be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, ' and upon conviction thereof, ho pun ished by a line of not less than ten dollars nor more than onu hundred dollars for the llrst offense, and by a line of not less than fifty dollars, nor more than live hundred dollars for tho second offense, and provided, i further, that one-half of the line re covered shall go to the complaining witness, "Kvery person, over the ugu of ten years and under the agu of eighteen years, who shall smoke or use ciga rettes on any public road, street, al ley, park, or other lands used for pub lic purposes, or In any public place of business or amusement, or upon any railroad train or street car, shall, upon conviction, be adjudged guilty of a misdemeanor, and punished by a fine of not more than ten dollars. "Tho Judge of the court having criminal Jurisdiction ot 11 i county shall give the two precedir sections in special chargtuo the gr d jury at eacu term oi coirri." Miss Clara, daughte' Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Field, of SUth lienton township, and Daniel Grenhalgh were married In St Joseph, April 23. PIMKND8HU'. I.0VK, TltllTII. As Guests of Mound City Lodge, Holt Odd Fellows Celebrate 94th Anniversary. Saturday last, April 20, was a great day among the Hull county Odd Fel lows, at Mound City, and fully 700 odd Fellows attended, and enjoyed the hearty welcome extended them by t lie members of Mound City lodge, and thu citizens In general-every lodge In the county was well repre sented, and numbers from Atchison, Nodaway and Andrew county were present. Though the crowd was an unprece dented one, the members of Mound City lodge proved equal to the occa sion, and fully met every demand made upon them by so large u crowd they were busy all the time, and Noble Grand Noll and his aids, as sisted by the llebeccasor Mound City, proved equal to the occasion on every hand. The day was an ideal one, and on the meeting of Mound City lodgu this week, Milton Heron introduced a teso- lilt ton or thanks to the whimsical weather clerk who has been get ting so badly mixed up on the weather sub ject ot late, by giving us a November season. In April, thanking this Im portant persoingefoi gclllm,' right on Saturday, and giving the order an , Ideal day lor their celebration The members of thu lodge set their business cares to one side, and devot ed their time to the cordial, hospita ble, fraternal greetings and welcome to those whncamowltlilu their gates, and each visitor was given to under stand that he had the city's hccdoni, which was readily accepted ami they turned themselves loose In our enter prising sister city. The members or the order began arriving early in thu forenoon, coming by t be early Villisca anil Omaha trains, and manv in their private conveyances, and by noon there was a suillcient ciowd In the town to make a llrst -class celebration, and when thu hourarilved for the be ginning of the program, repieseuta the delegations from Craig, New Point, Forest City, Oregon, Fairfax, Graham and Fillmore were present. Thu city was nicely decorated for thu occasion, and in the evening Statu street was liberally electric-lighted, from the bridge to Its north line. The program or thu day's exercises began at 2 p. m., and were held In the opera house, and was presided over by Hon. George W. Click, In a mast pleasing and illguilleil manner. mil consist ad or the followliiL' iiiiiii- hers: Music, Mound City Hand. invocation, (lev. W. II. Ferguson. Song, F.manon (Quartet: Messrs. Hewitt, Dellra, Alklru and Van De venter. Address of Welcome, Geo. W. Click. lie. spouses from County Lodges: Oregon. D. P. Dobyns; Craig, Fred Lawrence; New Point, I). K. Davis. Heading. Frank CafTray. Song, Ladles' Quartet. Solo, Mis. Itoy It. Miller. Address, Hon. L. J. Miles. Music, Orchestra. Parade of County Lodges. Supper in Hanquel Hall at Home llullding. Friendship, Love and Truth, the Tree Links id Odd Fellowship, wore likened to thu spirit which animated thu Good Samaritan In the address given by Hon. L. .1, Miles, of Rock Iort( wll(, was tllu orator of t,,L 0(.ca slon. Mr. Miles had only spoken a few minutes when It was clearly ills- cernable that thu large audience, that) packed to its capacity, was In sympa thy with him, and that hu "had them" tight; close to him; for they sat throughout his ablu address, seem ingly without growing weary In thu least. His mission he said wasnota new onu, hut it is a story that never grows old the story of humanity, of fraternity. Hu did not claim for tlie order ho was representing, as being tho only society in thu world that is blessing and aiding humanity, and he had extreme pity for the man or wo man who was so narrow in their viows as to believe that there should be but one society or that their society was the only one. He was master of his subject and handled it In such a clear, well-arranged, systematic alignment, as to be free from tiresomeness. He closed by urging the brethren of the order to let the beautiful lessons of Odd Fellowship permeato their being, and cause them to llvesuch a life as will en able them to be ready at any moment the messenger might call for them. With the closing of 'these exercises the order formed Into procession and after a short parade along Statu street, they tiled into the large, spa cious Hook skating rink, where the banquet was served by the Reltekahs. Not In a single particular could any criticisms of this feature of the day's program be offered It was simply faultless botli as to the variety and quality of the good things to eat and thu precision In the manner in which it was served. On leaving the ban quet room, each guest was given his cigar and lie went out, pulling and feeling happy to think that he was fortunate In being present on the tilth anniversary of the order, and that It was held in Mound City. The evening near to thu midnight hour was taken up by degree work, and wu opine that the large and spa clous lodge room was never before so full or members-packed to Its limit, allowing space for the exemplification of tlie First degree. The beautiful vld. was dramatically Illustrated In 1 its entiety by the Invincible Falls City, Neb., degree corps, :to strong. Prior to the conferring of the work, and while tho degree corps was mak ing ready, I,. J. Miles and others made short addresses, and the local lodges by their lepresentatlves pres ent, selected the following ullleers for the coming H5th auulver.satv, New Point lodge being the linM for lull: I). I). Kearney, picsldcnt . Geo Lent, vice-president. P.. K. Davis, secretary. Daniel Dreher. treasurer. The lodce work was HuMied about liii.'io. and the members returned in squads to thu banquet ball, where they wete again red lo their fullest by the ltebekahs, and they separated anil dcp.titcd for their homes, feeling bet teied In having attended the anni versary or the order, and grateful In deed lor tin; generous hospitality and fraternal welcome extended them bv Mound City. Thee features will ever bea pleasant recollection bv t hose at tending. Mound City lodue was organized May III. iMTil,- b.v-.leplithah Martin, then district deputy Grand Master, on petition signed bv the follow lug as chatter members: W. A. Long, . I. P. Hoover, J. V. Hoover. J. V. Hindi man, J. I'. Welty and .1. W. Ogle. Mr. Long was chosen as Its first No hie Grand, and was present, and occu pied a chair on tlie stage during the exercises or Saturday. He was mailt1 an Odd Fellow In Pennsylvania In lH5s, and wu believe Is one of the very oldest of the order In the country, .ludgu VanWormer, of Craig lodge, and Milton llerron, also ol Mound City lodge, both now M ,eai of age, and veteran odd fellows, were also on the stage. The lodge ceased working after a few vcais. and on March 2. lss.i, its charter was revived, anil John M. lhistus.. us ills! rlel ilemil v. i , v I v 1.1 1 thu lodge, and now it is onu of the strotiL'est In this section of our state. . Its present oillcers are: Daniel Noll, K. ii.: i .. liouisiierry. v. i.: ('. T. Hall, coriespoiidiug secretary: C. N. Smith, lluanclalseeietary: .I.S. Smith, treasurer. The order of thu county have what Is known as a county association, which was llrst organlcd In Oregon In the winter of lliul, and the llrst ob servance of thu anniversary of tlie or der was celebrated in Oregon, In l!H)5, and annually according to lodgu sen iority, these celebrations have been held, and as the years come and go these anniversaries seem to grow In interest, and tlie occasion this yeari,!,,,,. ir. m ......... i..r....i,. .,, i... ........ ..r ' ot in .'irs. i. i .,.- IIIUIU ,,11,,1-tJ III lilt, I, 411 (, ,M thu previous ones. Mound City has a splendid baud, and it met ail incoming trains, and escorted thu visiting delegations to huadquartcis, at the opera house, and Idled their pari oi the day's program most admirably. A splendid orches tra rendered well-selected numbers at thu opera house, ami in thu banquet hall, while the 400 guests were doing their part, and thus encouraged all to stay with thu good things as long us possible, and greatly helped the in gestion. Gets New Train. Thu Huiiingtun railway acceded to thu demands of Tarklo peoplu and consented lo make a trial of addition al train service on thu Tarklo Valley branch. In thu meantime thu Injunc tion proceedings brought against thu Missouri railroad and warehouse com mission to prevent tlie enforcement of thu order for the extra train ser vice will bu held In abeyance. Thu trial of double ((ally passenger service on the Tarklo Valley branch will start May 15. If It pays, as the Tarklo Commercial club contends, It will be continued. It not thu injunc tion proceedings against thu statu w ill uu continued ami inu train laxen on. The service Is to be given a fair trial lasting six months, from May 15. Thu new train will give Tarklo til- reel connections with Omaha and Chicago trains at Villisca, as well as with St. Joseph trains at Napier and fVirnlmr. Tim nnw train will li.avi, Napier about S::io a. m., and Corning about 0:20 a. in. It will reach Tarklo about U:oo and Villisca about noon. Here It will connect with Omaha and I Chicago trains on the main line of the Uurllngton. Returning, the train will leave Villisca in time to reach Tarklo about :i:45 p. in. and Corning about 4:30. At Corning passengers will be transferred to the Nodaway Valley branch train, which arrives In St. Joseph about U p. m. A Wonderful Automobile Highway. We are rapidly coming to a realiza tion of the Importance of good roads, and the popularity of tho automobile lias been a stimulant to this realiza tion which has induced definite action throughout thu country. The best part of the recent activity lies In the fact that tho necessity for concerted effort has become plain, and various localities are co-operating with each other In order that the country may be linked by good highways. One of thu greatest of these under takings is tlie "Meridian road," stretching in almost a straight line from Wlnnlpeg,Canada, to Galveston, Texas, and connecting what ore prac tically the extremity cities of the great Mississippi valley basin. Tills road is Iwlng built by state and county co-operation. Its length I U ,l...l 'I (Lll .lt..n ........ lt,H.. nf wl C aH " ?' ,cl F0.n,,,,Ml?,,1 It is a substantial hlchwav. ImjIiic largely of macadam, w ith almost all i bridges and culverts constructed of ; cement. The road from Wichita, i Kan., to Winnipeg Is already open, the distance being over l,oM miles, while the rest of thu road, except a 'comparatively short stretch In Okla homa and Texas, Is either completed , or well on the wav toward comple tion. The project Is under thu general di rection of the International Meridian Hoad association, which, In the llrst .vearol Its existence, has expended upon the road over M.'.ii.uiki. Tlie to tal cost of the highway will run well into the millions. Its extent and In terest are well described In Motor Age, which sa.vs: The Meridian road passes through the "llrcad Hasket" or thu North and between lakes and summer resorts of the Dakotas and Minnesota, through thu line cornllelds of Nebraska, between wheat and corn llelds anil orchards of Kansas, In thu Immense cotton llelds of Oklahoma and Texas to the subtropical fruit region of the Gulf or Mexico. The road follows very closely the ninety-seventh meridian of longitude, and from sea level at thu gulf rises to 2,000 reel, tlie summit of thu Coteau hills, thence sloping downward toward the north to 700 feet at Lake Winnipeg, without a hill too steep for a car to climb on high gear. With this road, art) more like It, the movement to "see America first" will gather Immense headway, for thu people who own motor cars and enjoy touring in them will not bo compelled to go to Kitropt! to llnd toads upon which travel Is pleasant. The Civic League. Thu Civic League composed of gen tlemen anil ladles to better civic condi tions In oui little city, held a meet ing at the home of T. C. Diingan, Wednesday evening last , and selected Its oillcers for the year. Henry C. Cook was chosen presl- Dungan, vice-presi dent, and Miss Mary Zonk, secretary. Thu meeting was well attended, and thu right spirit prevailed, and various committees weru naiiied for thu lUl.'l work. Finance, Dr. .1. C. Whltmer. Trees, C. .1. Knock, Miss Mae '.ach man. Station, Mrs. Van Husklrk. Flower beds, yards, etc., Miss Mary .ook. Vacant lots ami bill boards, Mrs. Geo. Lebmer. Streets ami alleys: west side, Mrs. T. C. Dungan. Kast side. H. C. Cook. Heads Into town: north and cast, C. K. Munn. South and west, Mrs. Wal lace Dawson. Court yard park, Geo. Gelvin. Cemetery, Mrs. G. W. Cummins, Mrs. Levi Scliultu, Mrs. F. S. Ro stock. Get busy. Wu learn in most tilings' by experi ence. When somebody tells us what has been done In other towns and what we hope to do in our town, and ( ,,,, a,,i nf ,.. llimn ,, .. t,,u 01 u 8l(lu ,of t,,e -,olumn, with sug Bted remedies on the other side, ev- when iiimcutties are catalogued on cry body should be Interested. The Civic Club Is undertaking some lines of useful work and it should be encour- I Ked Representatives of the Pennsyl vaulaOII and DevelopmentCompany, of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, have been In Craig and Mound City, for the past two weeks, leasing lands in that sec tion of our county for the purpose of experimenting upon the oil and gas resources.