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49TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, JANUARY 2, 1914. NUMBER 85. mntmi Before Us. The year tbat lies before us Is ever the year of opportunity. The year toil on whose threshold wo now 'stand, contains greater possibilities of Individual growth and national prosperity than any previous year ever promised. Individual eltorl Is encouraged by conditions Inspiring confidence In results, and the nation rinds Incentive In Its own achieve ments and natural blessing to misuse which would constitute a national crime. If the Individual and the na tion are guided by the experience of the past as they should be. the new year will be marked by progress and prosperity. At the very outset It should be borne In mind that the Individual Is the fountain source of national prog ress and prosperity. The spring feeds the stream, streams unllo to form rivers, and mighty rivers replenish the evaporating oceans. I.cl the spring fall, the stream dries up, the river falls, and the ocean sinks hclow its natural level. So the Individual, even the humblest, must continue Ms contribution to the rising tide of prosperity, if he would draw from that prosperity for his personal needs, Just as the spring draws from the ocean through the condensation of Us evaporated waters the rain that wa ters the land. The element of perso rial responsibility cannot I hi discount ed without endangering the welfare uf ail-neither by the Individual him self, nor by society A proper sense of responsibility compels sel.ure upon every opportunity within reach. If there has been one idea more mischievous than another, as regards individual activity. It has been the one embodied In the oft-repeated phrase, "the world owes me a living," it docs if one earns It, hut the world has nothing to give to the la.y, the Indolent, thu sluggard. In Its com pensation the world Is reciprocal-It pays back, on the average, Just about what the individual contributes, sometimes rewarding meritorious ef fort generously. Success comes to those only who make good. There Is natural law in the business world, and obedience to that law Is as essen tial as observance of civil law if there Is to be Individual prosperity. Cer tain II Is that for violation of all law there Is penalty which Is sometimes severe. Nor Is there any excuse for failure to do one's part because of the appar ent orosnerlt v of others at his ex pense. Human experience has shown that a part of society cannot long prosper at the expense of the whole, and that a part cannot long prosper at the expense of unotlier part. This umerleucu has also accorded with natural law which rules on the prlucl nle of general averages. In spite of many apparent exceptions. The sec ond great mistake, lies In arguing from exceptions, a mistake which I alway productive of ertoiieous con clusions, exception but made good the rule whlchonly call he the basl of reason which In turn. If good, ex cludes except Inns. Sound reasoning demand legitimate excuse which cannot he found in individual failure. Therefore, the new-year with all Its opportunities appeal to you. It places responsibility on you. Its message Is, "If. up to you." If lll shall prove a year of prosperity to you, It I because you will have merit ed success If. on the other hand, lull shall have proved a year of failure, lou will have, in some measure, at least, been responsible. As with the Individual, so with the nation. The best wish The Old Skntiski. can extend to Its readers Is that they have courage to sele every opportun ity for progress and betterment, and fully discharge their responsibility to themselves andsocljty, that each and all have prosperity and happiness throughout the year mil. Interests. "Missouri has within its boundaries approximately one-eight hundredth of the land area and one-fourth hun dredth part of the fertile acres of the earth's surface," says State Secretary Itoach, "M'ssouri ha more than the live-hundredth part of the earth's population, the one hundredth and sixtieth part of the earth's white population, about onc-twenty-clghtti part of the total population of j the tfnlted States, and one-lwentletli of the wealth of the nation. The aver age per capita wealth of the people of the United States Is 1,UU, while the average In Missouri Is tl,m, nearly 'in per cent more than the national av erage." Their Charters Revoked, The Missouri Supreme Court on Thursday of last week, December '.'I, in an opinion tiled by .lodge Karls, found that a lumber trust existed In thlsstate. Hues aggregating fl.'UI,- ooo were assessed against twenty-lite large companies, the most of them having their oillce fn Kansas City. The suit Involves property to the value of M.'iO.ooo.nnii, Orders of ouster from the state were Issued against twenty of the companies that were Incorporated In Missouri and the license of live for eign companies doing business In Mis souri are revoked. lodgments of forfeiture are ordered as to each of the twenty companies, dissolving and ousting them from all their corporate rights, privileges and franchise. In addition the compa nies are ordered lo pay the line as. sced against them within thirty- days. We are further of the opinion, say the court, "that the end of justice will be subserved by granting a stay of execution pending the further or der of this court of the decree of for feiture and ouster as to some of these respondents upon thu payment by them of the tines severally assessed against them within thirty days, and upon such conditions of continuing good behavior as may hereafter be annexed thereto by this court by Its decretal order. The Blue Book. Secretary of State Cornelius Itoach is now sending out his llluu lluok ror 11)13-11, and we acknowledge the coin ing of a copy to this olltce. It Is a valuable publication, and Mr. Itoach Is to be congratulated on thu collation of so much valuable, matterboth 'historical, biographical and statisti cal, as to bu found In this one; volume. One of the Interesting historical features of the new publication Is a description and picture of all the buildings which have been used as capltolor temporary capltols since the state was admitted to the I'nlon. The book also contains pictures of tlie new-State Capitol as It will ap pear when completed. The number of dairy cows, value of dairy products, amount and value of orchard products and statistics on the various cereal crops are Included In the section devoted to tile farm Dandy Christmas Gift. I'rei-ldent Wilson had hlsChristmas wish fulfilled Tuesday of last week, December '.'.1, IDI.'I, whenhe signed the vVllson-ntass-t iwen currency bill as a Christmas present for the nation. The conference report in the hill had been appraved by the Senate ear. lier in the day by a vote of W to 'J.,, following which actions both houses adjourned tn.lauuary 11'. Tow lines President Wilson give the nation the llrst law In llfty years which completely reorgauled the banking business members nf the Cabinet, the Speaker of the House of liepteent.liu's, members of the lloiisu and Senate, suhordlnateolllcers of several "f the executive depart mentsand the"llisi lady of the land" assembled In the President's work room in the executive oltlce. At precisely nciocK, the iioiir ar ranged for earlier hi the day, when It became known that the hill would he .sent from thu Capitol to the While House about "' o'clock, the President, standing before Ids desk, said to thu assembled guests; "I will do the work;beforo I .iy any thing. He then sal down ami with a pen sent him by Senator Chilton, of West Virginia, wrote below the last lino of the engrossed bill: "Approved December 'JJ, IIUX' He then picked up a gold pen from Ids desk and wrote "Wood ," the llrst syllable of his name. He then picked uii a second gold pen and com pleted his given name. 1'lcklng up a third pen he wrote "Wilson" and placed a period at thu end of the full name. As the President laid down thu last pen and rose, the more than UKlguests applauded loudly. The President turned around and shook hands tlrsl with Itepresenlativefilassof Virginia who piloted thu bill through the House, then with Senator Owen, who performed a like duty In thu Senate, and then with Secretary of the Treas. ury McAdou, who aided in the "conv mou counsel" which worked out the original outlines of thu bill. To each of these three, he presented a gold pen the ones ho used In signing thu bill. Death of John Fry. The ileus reaches us of the death of John t-'ry, the llrst pony express rider, which occurred at Ids home In Santa Anna, Cab, ,Monday, December ?-, ini:i. He was the llrst relay out of St. Joseph, on the llrst trip of the pony express, and lie was the llrst to deliv er tlie California mall by pony ex press to tlie St. Joseph postoWce. ln.J8.Vi the western terminus of the railway system of the country- was at St. Joseph, the station being at Klghth and Olive, not far from the present location of the.t'nlon station. The establishment of the Pony Kx- press between St. Joseph and San Iraticlscq was thu otitfrowth yf a ulcer of V'OO.oi!. miilobc Wllllim It. liussel, and his partner, A. II. Miller, that the distance, ItiVi miles, could be covered In fen days, The tlrm was backed by the then secretary of war, lolm II, Floyd. 'All the detail wc rearranged. The tlrm secured :' of the lleclest horses to he procured, and I'.'.', men; ..these men were chosen for their light weight as some partsofthe route had to be covered at '.'- miles an hour. Horse were stationed from ten to twenty miles apart, and each rider had. to make sixty mile, two minutes being allowed to change horses and billing the mall, eighty of the Z men weru chosen as the riders, if the relay station were not at proH-r Intervals, a tent was put, up sulllclent to accommodate one .man and two horses. On the morning uf April J. !. all was In readlnessi and a young lad named ".rohniij" I'ry mounted a Iteet looking mare and rode to the ltusul .V Major and Wells-I'argoolllce. In St. Joseph, then located on tluv west side of Third street, four doors south of I'ellx. Thu postoltlce, wi-lielleve.was then on the, east side of Second street, between I'ellx and Jule, and Win. Fowler was thu postmaster. Fry re ceived his load of mall, put Into sad dle hags, rode rapidly to the ferry boat, which -was' called thu "Keener- er," and In charge of Captain, K Illackstone, lying at the foot of Sec ond st reel, cheered by throngs of peo- nle. many following to the tioat, and acres tj-.o- rlvr. Thus departrdP "Johnny" Fry, the llrst pony express rider from the eastern terminus of the long mall route. The llrst rider to reach St. Joseph from the West was aln "Johnny- Fry, lie was at Seneca, sixty mile away, walling for the courier to ar rive with his mall, and when he did come he wa an hour late, which Fry- had to make up on hi ride to St. Jo seph. He had sixty thoroughbred horse lo do It with Fry had Just three hours and thirty minutes In which to w In the t.'iUM wager. This was the llnlsh for the longest race, fur the largest slakes ever run on I he continent. I line foi hi their children and In doing so tram pled others under foot. A struggling, screaming mas of humanity surged toward every available exit. Some fell out of windows: others were pushed out. The small landing out side of the main entrance leading to the stairway to the tlrst Moor was Jammed with bodies from celling to Moor and from side to' side. Those underneath soon ceased to struggle and their bodies formed a barrier of deatli against the escape of thosestlll within the hall and against the lire men and policemen who rushed to their aid from the outside. Whole families weru wiped out In the rush which followed the cry of lire. Kv cry doorway blocked with dead bodies and It was some time licfrc the rescuers could clear a path to lib erate those held Imprisoned In (he place. They had given up attempts at escape after the llrst mad rush for Hie doors when they became aware that there wa no tire. A drunken miscreant I blamed for the horrible disaster, and I being hunted for by the authorities. Had Good Judgment, i'rof. Nelson Kerr, Slate High school lnpector, was here Saturday and met with the school hoard and I'rof. .el I IT and went over the school record and approved our high school. This I Hie llrst time our high school ha been approved by thuStatu In spector and we feel Just u III lie proud of Hie fact and feel that our school IkunI are to be congratulated on the good work. Wu Mlcvewc have one of tint Engagement Announced. Our little city Is noted for Its many social affairs that are called every season as regularly as the reason comes, and these help to a large de gree to drive "dull care" away, but there Is no one of these that bring to the participants more real genuine pleasure and happiness, than the an nual "meet" of the Oregon Fudge club, composed of ten of our young ladles, who attended our school, and passed through the various grades of our public school, pledging each other to take the High school course, and a collegiate course and they each and every one made good their promise. Kach Christmas Kvc, for all these years, these young ladles have their annual Christmas tree, and each and everyone receives a Christmas token from each other. This year there was an absent one Miss Alberta Ilragg, who Is abroad taking voice training, hut she was remembered Just thu same. Kach and every one of these years, only unavoidable ab sence anil sickness preventing, have these young ladles assembled at the home of some member and enjoyed their Christmas reunion. This year, IHIX there was tin- usual routine, but there weru somu Inova Hons and surprises In store, some of which were known to memtiers, but there was one, that was a real sur prise. They knew there wasa"vvarm feeling" existing on thu part of one of their members for a gallant young man. who had attended thu old High school and ever persisted In catrylng lids young lady's books, and in every way was so gallant toher Their program this year wa In the and i..,kt ti-lifuit tliU it-mi In t lilt hlslorv nf the school. Another nice tiling t '"" of a progressive hiiicheon i. wi,u ii. u i ..rm wihnt all tiiu usual iirtsimas nee 'of the natrons aru Iwostlng and there! The Misses Trot King and lllanche are no complaints heard, and wu have quite a numherofiion-resldent pupils. too, who are helping out. Prot. Kerr made a thorough Inspection of thu schoolrooms and complimented Jani tor Heckathorneon his work In having everything clean. lllgelow corre spondent In the JelTcrsonlan, Decem ber 'J.'.. A Christmas gift to be proud of. Markland opened Hie festivities at thu home ot thu hitter's parents, Dr. and Mrs, F I'.. Markland, on Christ inas Kvu, by serving a soup course. Tlie placucard were aChrlstmas tree card, and in thu center of thu table was a Christmas tree from which these young ladles distributed their tokens to thu members, Thu course finished they then Jour neyed to thu home of Mr. and Mrs. 'Tom Curry, where Mis Anna, Joined by Misses Ina and Mae llotkln, served a most rcllshahle dinner course, anil the surprise that came lo the club during thu service, did not In the streamer extended to each place, and at the close of the dinner course, each guest pulled the ribbon and brought to their plate the card that made the formal announcement of the engage ment of these two young people the surprise was so complete, that the Curry rooms for a brier time was about as noisy as a ward In No. '.', St. Joseph asylum. In thu parlor ot the home was a large Christmas tree, and thu Jollity that prevailed In thu dis tribution of the presents, would have made "Old Santa" liad he been there In person, appear small Indeed, and sent FaltstatT to thu closet. After thu excitement died down, and the girls had gained their mental equilibrium, they proceeded to the home of Mr. and Mrs. Lewis I, Moore, where their daughter, Miss Mary, and Miss Dalu X.ellcr,scrvedasaladcourse. Santa had a place on a neat card at each place, ami In the parlor was the third Chrlstmastrce, from which these young ladles handed their "package" to eacli ot thu club. The "wind-up" and closing of this most delightful social altalr was had at thu home of Mr. and Mrs. C. D. Zook, where their daughter, MIssMary, and Mlss'lnna Ilragg, served the de sert course. Thu table center was ornamented with a Christmas tree, and small trees weru thu place card, and as each "chum" left thu table, they took with them as favors, a tittle Christmas tree. A large Christ mas tree was In thu parlor, and from this these young ladle handed their tokens to eacli one of the club. I f no member of the club concludes to "gel In ahead," thu coming wed ding will hu the llrst In the ranks of till lovable and dear hunch of girls, and while It may he In every way a most happy occasion there can't help hut hu a tinge of sadness go with it for there will hu a breaking of the ranks, thai will be keenly fell by each one hut pshaw, girls will marry. A Booster. Will M. Mauplu, editor mid owner of the "Mid-west," a monthly maga zine devoted to the Interests of the V-..I. ....... .... I. ..v.. ,..'.. Cut. ,;. fn, , SKNTIS.KI. .' their appetites. Polnsettlaplacucards W.. .mill 1 l'u 11 IT1 1 IVl,',,ni ,-- ,,, - III .Mr. ill 1111111 itatiini, in -.! ue, publication In the state like to see some fellow do thu same for Missouri, and then the statu take a hand In Its publication, by aiding It lluanclally from the public treasury. Nebraska should do till for the MI,lu..vl Will MminlnV Miilwi".! When Hie! u boostlm: Nebraska as she has never arrival was nearly up. at tH.furo .,. noosted. least .'i.ooo people, It Is said, stood upon the river hank, ultlieyesturned toward thu woods from which horsu' and rider should emergcluto t be open country In the rear where Klvvuod, Kan., I mm located one mile from j the llnlsh. The tlmu wa nearly up; hut seven minute remained. Thuj last mile was made in one mlnuti-aud j tlfty seconds, landing on thu ferry I boat with live minutes and a few second to spare, thu winning the large stake, and In a few minute muiu Johnny Fry delivered the llrst California mall at thu WelN-Fargo otllce, which was by them delivered to thu St. Joseph postmaster. At thu other end ot the line, thu same arrangements had been made to start a course from Sacramento. So at noon on April .'I, I win, "Hilly" lla- ker mounted with hi load of mall, and dashed away toward the Sierras, covering his llrst twenty miles In for ty-nine minute, Washington; on the lower right, was that of Miss Anna Curry -on the card wa written: "A' i lor announcement The modern pagan way Of pllhlMillig thu wedding hall Anent thu happy day " I'rum the Mower stem a rich tlblion A Christmas Runaway. It-ay llurrler and wife went to the homeof her parents.l'eterSlpes, south west ot Oregon, to spend their Christ mas. They started to return home, about mldafternoon, and when near the Henry 1'eret place, the buggy shaft gave way, which so frightened his horse that lie ran away, and Hay In holding lo the lines, endeavoring to get control of the animal, was pulled out or the buggy to the hard ground, and thu fall caused a concus sion ot the head, which caused him to lay In an unconscious condition until Saturday morning, when hu ral lied, and Is now getting along nicely. He was taken to the home of his par ents, Mr. and Mis. Andy llurrler, of thl city, where lie wa cared for for a couple of diys, when he wa able in be removed to hi own home- Mrs. Jessie .lone wa a St. eph visitor. Sa unlay lal. Jo- While Oakluy Morris was nicely- remembered by Santa, hu was also re membered by Ids appendix, which called on him the day before Christ mas, and stayed with him overChrist mas, permitting him to set up during tlie day; but lie has been suffering greatly most all the week, We hope he may get relief and that quickly Die in Panic. Suveuty-tlvo lives weru crushed out In u panic at a Christmas celebration In a public hall at Calumet, Mich Christmas Kvu, when a practical Joker stuck Ids head In at the main door and shouted "Fire!" Seven hundred persons weie packed in thu hall at the tlmu and three-fourths of them weru children, who wuiu crowding up thu aisles to receive presents from a man dressed as Santa Clans on thu plat form. Thu fatal word was taken up by tliosu In the hall and repeated In sev eral foreign languages and in less than two minutes scores hail been trampled to death and suit oca ted. A woman standing near the door reall.ed thu danger of thu act, seized the man by the shoulders, and vainly endeavored to counteract the false alarm. The man broke from her grasp, however, and fled. Frantic parents struggled to reach Do You Want THE SENTINEL and St. Joseph Daily Gazette, C 2 flfk (without Sunday) lor poVV THE SENTINEL and St. Joseph Daily and Sunday Gazette, for . . . If you do, send or come in and ORDER AT ONCE $3.50 Saturday, January 3d is your last opportunity to accept this Great Offer Come in or send in your order at once. THE SENTINEL, Oregon, Mo.