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(Fmmii) mm 40TH YEAR. OREGON MISSOURI, FRIDAY, JANUARY 30, 1914. NUMBER 39. ELKCTIUN LAWS CIIANGKS. Ten Chinfes In the Missouri Election Laws of Vital Importance. Tlio last General Assembly of Mis souri mado several Important change In tlio election laws, chief atiioiiK which Is the blanket ballot Instead of the ribbon ballot, ami also u "non fusion" provision. Secretary of State Itoach, who Is -barged by law with the execution of -he election law and who makes up the olllclal ballots, has prepared the following synopsis of the changes made In the election laws by the last rglslature. He says, In part: Hereafter counties that have more than ono h-glslatlvcdlstrlct will be en titled to as many members of the con gressional committee as there are leg islatlve districts In the county. The amended primary law llxes the hlrd Tuesday In August as the day tlio congressional committee shall mot andorganlre,lhusccondTucsday In August being the day,as heretofore jn which the county committee or ganizes, and the llrst Tuesday In August Iwlng, as heretofore, the day of the general primary election. The fourth Tuesday In August, In stead of the second Tuesday In Sep tember, will hereafter ho the day of .ho state convent Ion, which shall meet not neo.'ssarlly at the state capital, as hcrelofote, but at some point In the state to bo designated by the state committee. One of the four acts amending the genera; elections law merely provides that "propositions affecting a single county, or any of It legal autxllvlslous, shall be proposed and submitted on ho olllclal ballotcontalnlngtho names to be voted for" Instead of printing Slicsu propositions on the constitu tional ballot, as heretofore. A third act gives county courts the right to appoint only two Judges and two clerks forcachprcclnct,toconduct special elections for the purpose of voting bonds, the object being to re duce the cost of these special elec tions. J A fourth law will enable railroad emplojes, traveling salesmen and others whose duties or occupations necessitate their being absent from their voting precincts on any general election day to cast their totes wherever within the state they may be. A llfth act does away with the rib bon ballot and restores the hlaukil sheet. The main provisions of this .id are that the names of all eandl. dates of all parties shall be handled by the Judges of election to the voter hi one ballot, thesu names to hu grouped together under the proper heading designating the political party to which the nominees belong. Your Income Tax. There may be some of our fanner readers who come under the new lu oome tax law. If so, they should re memlMir that their returns must belli the hands of the Internal re venue col lector of the district, where tho payee resides not later llnili March 1st , which Is only live weeks away, and If you don't, you are liable to a II no of from 20 to flood. If you never kept books of your farm business you had better get busy along this Hue for some day a government sleuth of the Internal revenue department Is likely to give you a call and you'll be up against It tfood and plenty. As we understand the law from Washington dispatches the farmer Is required to Include In his net Income all money from produce and animals -old, for wool and hides of slaughtered animals, provided they are sold. Ilo may deduct the sums actually paid fur the animals sold or slaughtered In the year, but the value of animals raised shall not bo deducted as expenses or los. The farmer also may deduct money paid as expenses for producing farm products, live stock, etc., and for repairs for the current year. The cost of tools or machinery Is deductible, but not to exceed in valuu those re placed. The necessary blanks can now be obtained by applying to (Jeo. 0. Tool, deputy collector of Internal revenue, at St. Joseph, Mo. Pence to Business. I'rcslilent Wilson held out an olive branch to business, Tuesday of last week. He out-lined a "constitution of peace ' for the Industrial welfare of the country. Addressing a Joint ses sion or the benato and House, he ap pealed for clear and distinct anti-trust legislation which will restore compe tition In every line of Industry, and trade. lie asked the majority to add to me iwo paramount laws now on tne statute books the tarllt andciirrency acts another which will speclllcally designate Just what a "criminal com bination In restralntof trade 'actually Is and provldo speclllc criminal penal tics for speclllc Individual acts. The burden of the message was that guilt Is personal and the "man higher up," and not the instrument should be punished. Worth Knowing. The llrst delegate to Congress from Missouri territory was Fdward Hemp stead. He was elected In November, 1SI2. The llrst Congressional apportion ment of the state was made III 1I7 live districts were laid out. John Scott was the llrst Congress man elected, 120-at large. John II. Hughes was the llrst Con gressman to represent this part nf the state, of which Holt was a part -elected In 112. The closest deciding Congressional vote In the state was In Hie St. Jos eph district In ls lames Craig vs. Nicholas l ord; In favor of Ford by ono vote. The llrst serious division In Con gress on sectional Hues was oer the admission of Missouri to the union as a state. The shaping of political parties In the statu was In 12. Holt county's llrst representative was It. S. Ilarkhurst, whowaselccteil In 111'.1. Dec. T, 112, the llrst general assem bly of the territory of Missouri as- se mblcd at the home of Joseph Hold doux In St. I.ouls. The llrst legislature of the state was composed of II senators and 4.1 representatives; it met In St. I.ouls, Sept. II', IH20. It llxed St. Charles as the capital, where It met until I KM, when It was moved to JelTerson City. Governor Hates, In ltd, vetoed the act passed by the legislature, forbid ding dueling and providing the whip ping post asm penalty; It was the llrst veto act In the history of the state. Missouri has im.Itf square miles; i:i,7l.V" id acres; Population ln,20,- ttl.1; li'in, It was.i.-.n.i.xf,. In Itfo the census showed Missouri had !)7,4 12 slaves. Killed Oil His Quail. ('. W. Station!, six miles north of Mary v Hie, wants tohavealaw passed. He lielletes that the present game laws are no good, and he cites a case ill point. lie Is a lover of quail 011 the hoof, lie likes to have them on Ills farm both as an utilitarian proposition as well as for art's sake. This summer ho took great delight In two line coles of about thlrty-llvo birds, and watched them grow ami guarded them and looked forward to having a farm full of iiuall nicking the worms out of the com Held and doing odd Jobs of bug killing about the place. Hut when Hut one month of niiail shooting came, the hunters trailed those birds all over the landscape, picking them elf one by one. until every last one was killed. Now who'l take care nf the worms and hugsY Maryvlllo Tribune. Still Active. There Is no raco suicide out at Hugh llrohan's-a baby girl was born to this family, on Wednesday, of last week, January '.'I. Mr. llrohau has been twice married, being the father of three children lames, of lies Moines, Iowa; Mrs. Klla Stovall, of Craig, and Hugh, now dead. Ily his second marriage he Is the daddy of twelve; these are and their ages; Will, 22; Patrick, II); Frank, 17; Stel la, IS; Alice, t:i; Anna, II; John, U; Maggie, Charley, 4; Katharine, 'J; the baby-13 living children, One child, Mary, died In infancy. They Were There. Holt county furnished live persons In attendance the Farmers' Week- in Columbia, at the recent meeting. Those attending from this county weru Joe II. Murray and wife, James aml Harry Milne, of this section of the county, and J. II. Ilundle, of Craig. The allalr was the largest and most successful of all Farmers' Weeks ever given by the state, the attend ance lie lug about twice that of a year ugu, mien souio u.-i persons aiioiKleC. Officers Installed. Tho following otllcersof Meyer Post, G. A. It., were duly installed at their late meeting, Saturday, of Ia9t week; G, W. Cummins, commander; K. S. Morgan, senior vice commander; Dan lol Zechman, Junior vice commander; ltobt. Montgomery, quartermaster; W. D. Lukens. ch&nlilniKirl Hnniur otllcer of the day: II. V. Morgan, of ficer of the guard: D. P. Dobyns, ad jutant. Ii. F. Morgan was chosen ubibkw iu me suvie encampment, which will meet In Sedalla. TIIK YKAU'S IIAI'I'KNIKHS. Record of the More Important Lo cal Events of Holt County for Year 1913. .lANUAUV. The month opened mild, but the temperature went down to 11 below on the fith, .mil i below on tho 12th. The river at White Cloud, Kas., was blocked with Ice during tho week of the 4th, and opened January lth. I rain servlcu was considerably dis turbed, Jan. i-7, 011 account of the derailing of thu engine and two ten ders of the northbound freight at Skldmorc, Monday afternoon, caused by a defect le switch. Mrs. II. J. Illllev and Mrs. John Grelner, farm hoiis..wlu,. were llrst to use the parcels posi, and Harvey l.vans, an Oregon grocer. The Parcels post system became op erative hi Hie county on the 1st. Kugciio Itlckham was paroled by Governor 1 1 ad ley on the nth. 1 he llrst marriage fora couplu will- lug to begin the matrimonial voyago In the year IHI.'I was that of GroverC. Amies and Miss IMiu Maelillck.both of Mound City, Jan. I. Circuit court convened on the nth, adjourned oil thu 1 1 1 It. The damage suit Crowley vs. Shell decided: Crow- Icy given Judgment for fcMtil. 'IhcNaumau and Fish Partition sales were held oil the I'lh: Nauman 120 acres sold for f.K.,2.1. Tlio Fish ;i2o acres brought f.M,.oo. W. C. Smallwootl lost 1.1 lie.nl of horses by lire at Kxcelslor Springs, Mo., on the 20tli. Formerly resided In Oregon. Mrs, G. II. Price obtained verdict for ilKX) damages at Chllllcothe for Injuries to Iter person sustained In alighting from a train at that place In May, 1IU2. The Ice harvest began the week of llth-lsth. The Maltland Telephone company- voted to Incorporate, at their meet ing Jan. II. Top cattle and hogs sold on the St. Joseph market, on the 21th at tho same price, tT.IO. J. F. '.00k sold his livery business in Illgelow to Kdgar llryin. The II eat on Hank at Craig, estab lished In Is"", IncoriKirateit, having been conducted as a private bank up to this time. nmui'Aiiv. A bill was Introduced In the legis lature; adding Holt county to the filli Judicial district, by Senator Craig, of slaway county. The groundhog failed to seu ills shadow 011 thu 2d It snowed and was cloudy all the day. John King opened cigar factory on the .Mb. W. II. He I lord Lumber company sell their lumber business to the Hal- lew Lumber company. An unknown parly attempted to set lire to the .1. I,. Ilaker store build ing Forbes, on the evening of the 7th. Ilert Ogdcn found guilty of Ist-ilc-gree manslaughter, at Hiawatha, Kas., on the Huh, for killing Albert .loslln, near llulo, Dec. 14, IM2. Jos tin formerly resided at Illgelow. Christ. Fuhrmau was chosen super intendent of the poor farm, and Dr. W. C. Proud as County physician by the County court. Jesse II. Walker sells his novelty stock to J. II. Carter .V Co., of Mound City. Joe II. Murray buys tho controlling Interest In tho Home Telephone com pany; consideration, 27,kn.i. Forest City's public park became electric-lighted. The llrowntleld-Tearo Injunction suit against tho City of Craig and l armers' i.iuvator company was ills solved by decree of JudgeArch Davis, W, S. VanDeventcr sells his Mound City lumber business toT. I. Ilennett F.. II. Stout buys tho Fred Carpcn ter cement, plant at Maltland, Dr. I- II. Long purchased I he J. It. Adklns drug stock, at Corning. Two special trains, carry ing troops from Fort Crook, Neb., for Galveston, Texas, passed through Forest City on the 21th. On the 2ih lllg Tarklo Draluago district voted 2.1,000 additional bonds. MARCH, Oregon voted l,000 additional bonds on the :id to Improve thu light and water plant. Tho mouth came In like a lion. The C, II. & l), began to relay track from Napier to Corning with UO-lb steel rails. Will Hlssett graduated from tho Stato University law school, and be gan to practice at Mound City. Hayes Ferguson, of Mound City, admitted to naval academy at Annap olis, Md. The Ilallew Lumber company sell Maltland lumber yard to F. A. Ed ward: and A. L. Crawford. Ily act of the legislature, Holt coun ty was detached from the Fourth anil added to the Fifth Judicial circuit. The terms to be held the fourth Mon days In February and October and the third Monday In May. C. M. Wlcklser bought the C. A. Doughty grocery business. Neville Dickson bought the W. N. Sawyers Interest In the Home Hank of Forest City, and became Its cash ier. II. I.. Kverson resigned as assistant cashier of the Hank of Forest Clly. on the 2.Sd, Master evening, Omaha was visited by a terrible tornado, kill ing 200, Injuring iwlcu as many, and tli'i roving .1,ooi),ooo worth of prop erty The tornado visited Oklahoma, Netiraska, Iowa, Indiana, doing great damage and killing many. on the 21th, disastrous Hoods swept over portions of Ohio anil Indiana. I'l-ithtoll reached many hundreds, ami properly loss was in tho many millions, The old clly lintel, While Cloud. U.is., built In s.V, by Spaiildlng l it. was totally destroyed by lire on the bill. Hi the '.'."illi. hogs were iiiotcd at 'in.", mi the St. Joseph market. Nodaway Drainage district Issues I.I.000 additional bonds, to complete Its drainage canal; contract let to F. II. Stephens, of Gencsco, III., at II. 1-10 cents per cubic yard, a run.. Claud Clark sold his restaurant business In Mound City to l.eu and l.'d Alklrc. Jim, Kcmilsh Is named a member of the State I'llUtlcs Commission by Gov. Major. Allen k Moore, of Oregon, sell their rest.urant to Harry Alklre and John burger. The nith anniversary of the found ing of Odd Fellowship was celebrated at Mound City on the IMlh. The Pennsylvania Oil and Develop ment company leased land In Craig and Mound City sections for experi menting upon tho oil and gas re sources of those sections. Oregon received a brass cannon from the war department for the pub lic park. Oregon improves her light plant by the addition of a 1 1,000 .Whorse power engine. Oregon organles a CIty-llcautlful league: II. C. Cook, president. MAY. Forage poisoning broke out among animals hi and around Forest City-, ipilte a number dying. Severe electric storm passed ovir Oregon on the llth, damaging the residence of Dr. 'I'. A. Long. The old historic houses 011 the I. O. O. F. lot on the west side In Oregon were raed. A boy scouts' council wasorgaiibed in Oregon, (Colli Inued 011 page I.) Your Last Chance THE SENTINEL and St. Joseph Daily Gazette, ffk (without Sunday) for PO.V THE SENTINEL and St. Joseph Daily and Ci cf Sunday Gazette, for pO,iJJ If you do, send or come in and ORDER AT ONCE Saturday, January 31st, is your last opportunity to accept this great offer Come in or send in your order at once. THE SENTINEL, Oregon, Mo. Our Assessable Wealth. Our affable assevsor, Perry W. Itam say, entertained our County Court for two ortlirco days last week, by mak ing Ids returns of the assessment of real and personal property for mi I taxes. Mr. llamsay was assisted in compiling his books by Harry M. Dungan, and after an examination by the court, the books were received, and tlio next step will be the begin ning of the making of the books from which the taxes are made up, and af ter the court sits as a board of ispta! lallon, and when the statu Iward of equalization gets through then the county clerk will extend the taxes, and the hooks are then turned over to thecounly collector, who has a stand ing Invitation to all whether weary or heavily l.tdcticil to come forward and lliuiil,t!o. This all takes time, and the collector does nut get his hooks until In August, and the bulk of thu taxes, at least il per cent, are not paid until the last month of the year. An abstract of Mr. Ilamsay's book shows a gain of .il. 170 In personal and 22,lt0 In real estate over that or I'.'lil. The real estate values are as follows: Township. Ilauge. Acres. Value. .IS .7.1 .HI. -17 2l,ils.'i f 2111,1ft) ISO " lil.HV! 2H2.71S) 11 " 1)1,7(11 :tT.l,7ll 02 " 12.1.11 2:1.1,17(1 (si " fl.djs .t,iuo .17) :w 17.MU 222.s2tt 00 " H,iWt :is;.oo hi 22,11m nn.iio 02 " 22,10.1 .'sl7,7Ul HI " 11,12.1 2(i'.i,'.i00 V.M-) ,T 1.1.201 I7'.),71K) )l " 2J,2.l'.i .101,100 U2 " 22,1171 lou,70i) m " ti,7.i 2ii'.i,ioo Co-ill to 10,1141 121,120 l'.2 " 20,102 .101,070 112-isl 10-11 13,71.1 ll7,2,V) Total acres 2s,12.l fl.Ooo.ttlH) I.V.M town lots S7'.I,',!K) Valuu of lauds and town loto-IHH U,so,lso Value, um;i .i,sis,:r.io Increase over lull i 22,lls) Average value per acre, b'.si 10 m " " " II"").. 1,1 .IS " " " lull) . . hi 20 IUII.. 17 7.1 " " town lots, Ink) . DM 00 ' " l'.KM . l.VI (N) " " inio . . isj in) ' " " lull. 1U2 00 I The personal assessment j shows a total of t2,2iis,s70, at for lull an Increase of Ml, 170 as compared with HM.'I as sessment. There are: I,:i'i7 burses, valued at 27.I,ium .'II asses, " .1,270 2,112 mules, ' l;il,'iMi I l.oin cattle. " l!'.(ilo ( .7i I sheep. - I.fi70 : l!,vc, hogs 7.1,1ft) ' Total value live stuck . Iis7,0!i0 Moneys, imtes, etc l,2lV) All other personal 3.U,ft Total other than live stoek.l,lsl,7R0 Total Ilvo stock ftn.ow) Total personal 2,2T,570 Total lands and town lots .. O.tso.SSO Total real estate and per sonal -liill s,l I'.i.l.lo Total real estate and per sonal -11113 S.OIH),"!)!) Increase over 101:1 1 MfM Presuming that the assessment of the railroads, telephone, telegraph, ami merchants' valuations will be at about the same ilgnres as In 1913. which was as follows, the total valua tion will bo about the thu following llgures for lull: Total real and personal -s.tllUVl Merchants and manufac turers 2,7i,2:4 lt.allru.nl. telegraph and tele phone I,20s,3'.rj Grand total, I'd I. v. Grand total, I'.il.'l... Increase over I'.ihl.. ..I!,ill7,(tt2 .. !I,VI3,'.I72 The valuations placed on the real estate of the various towns of our county for I '.'I I taxes are as follows: lull. I'.il.l. Mound City 12s7,3lo 27u,lftl Oregon 202,1.10 vtnt Maltland I27,7.V) 121,120 Craig livii ti,7,H) Forest City s2,7.!0 71),2ll) Corning :n,loo .is,!tto Illgelow lU.r.M 1.1,100 Forbes i'.'ft) D,0!i Forlescue (M'-o c.osu Napier 1,72u .1,750 itlchvllle 1,010 l,01i) Milking Machine Works. A milking machine Is a prolllable part of the equipment on tho dairy farm of . I. II. Murray, near Oregon, Mu. The machine consists ot three units; that is, three cows can be milked at the same time. These units cost tlio each and the gasollnecnglne used to run the outtlt cost I,Vi. The expense of Installing the equipment was about flu. su the total cost of the outtlt was lift), One man can milk thirty cows In a little more than an hour. Kansas City Journal. Back to the Farm. J. G. Wilson, Sr., has bought twen ty acres known as the Joseph Stout, place, and expects to move from this cltv lo tin- farm Ik' fore lung. Mr. Wilson has many friends In Mound City, who will miss his cheering pres ence. .1 (!. Wilsiui. Jr., has bought a twenty-llte-aere larm near I lie above nanus! place, the G. W. Ilrlerly place, which Is iii-l across I he road from the Suininll church, lie will movetothe ulace soon. Mound Clly News, Jan. 1 & At 1 XXu. k.