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Wimrl 1,torlcfli rtfvlsn ili fiiwl 50TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, MAY 8, 1914. NUMBER 1. lie Volume Fifty. With tills Issue of Tub Sbstimkl, It enters upon Its halt century of con tinuous publication, Its flrst Issue be ing dated June 30, 1305, and should no misfortune overtake It, It will cele brate Its golden Jubilee In May, 1915. The present management, In whose hands the paper has been for the past 31 years, has at this time little to say of the long life of Tub Sbntinbl. When It reaches Its full 50th year, It mar have much to say, but at this time we can only refer to the re rnarkable tact that a country newspa per can survive the trials and vie KM tudes of publication for 40 years, and still bo alive to conditions, with prompt weekly heralding of the week' ly events as It enters upon Its 50th year. Tub Skntinki, boasts the fact that It Is the second oldest Itepubtlcan newspaper In this entlro section of the state the Atchison County Journal being our senior by some '.'0 months. We still have upon our list a few subscribers who were among the very first, who went upon the roll at the very first Issue but tho largest ma jorlty of these have gone to their final reward, tho last of these was tho late Jonas Whltmcr. During all these icars Tiik Sknti nbl has labored to serve Its people. Through the ups and downs of all these years It has represented and aided them, how well Is best demon strated by Its large list of subscribers and, better still, as Its friends. So we wish you, each and every one of our friends to not only be as close to us as In former years, but by w ril ing us whenever occasion permits, come even closer. We trust tho proprietors, each and every employee, and each and every subscriber, may be spared that we may all join In celebrating the gotden Jubilee of Tub Skntinki.. Rural Credits. The sub-committee of the Senate and House Committees on Hanking and Currency under the leadership of Senator Mollis, of New Hampshire, has for several weeks been attempt Ing to perfect an administration bill to provide for the establishment of a system of farmer's banks to furnish rural credits. The measure Is Intend ed to make It possible for the farmer to raise money on his laud and build ings under conditions as favorable as those now enjoyed by borrowers who have access to urban banking Institu tions. It Is estimated that 3,000.ooo,ooo aro Invested In mortgages on farms In the United States and for tills money the farmers aro paying from 5 to 20 percent. The mortgage Is usually for a short term and every few years the farmer must arrange for a new- loan. The bill which Senator Mollis will report will aim to ollmlnate these frequent reneweals, cut out the ex pense of the middle man and enhance the value of rami mortgages by mak ing them liquid assets. It Is deemed prudent for tho pres ent to restrict the loans to land and farm property and not Include crops or livestock In which there Is an ele ment of hazard. The organization of local backs in rural communities will be authorized. These hanks are to accept no deposits. Ily the terms of the proposed measure local banks and associations will be permuted to ac ccpt mortgages on long terms. The maximum term will be 35 years, with a provision for amortization. Thus the farmer who mortgages his farm to a rural bank will make annual In terest payments at the prevailing rate, probably not over o per cent.and will pay In addition one or one a half per cent toward t lie reduction or mo principal. He will not bo alTected by tho changing conditions of the monoy market nor harassed by frequent re newals of his mortgage. To make it possible for tho farmer to secure money at rates as reasonable as those enloved by other Interests witn cxei lent security, some way of Immediate realization on tho mortgages had to be devised. The administration bill, thoreforo will provide for tho establishment of regional banks in largo monoy ecu ters. These regional banks will pur chase tho mortgages from rural banks or mortgage loan associations and is sue bonds secured by the mortgages, The bonds will bear Interest 1 per cent less than tho mortgages. For example, If a regional bank acquires mortgages widen near interest at Dercent. the bonds Issued against them will bear 4 percent. The profit of 1 per cent will be usea ipr paying tne running expense" u Both mortgages and bond will be ex .mn.frnm taxation. Whl le thens tlonel government will not guarantee either the mortgagee or bond It will exercise supervision over the regional anw. April Weather. The coldest April day ever recorded here was 3 degrees on the 4th In 1859. The coldest April ever experienced here was In 1357. The lowest tem perature was 9 degrees and the high est was 07. The mean for the month was 37.7 degrees, or 8.2 degrees below the next lowest In 1302. Only 1.05 inches of rain fell during the month. There was 2 Inches of snow, part of which fell on the 17th. Un that day many farmers were cutting elm trees, the buds of which were nearly open, for cattle to browso on. Feed was scarce: grass began to grow the last of tho month. Crab apple trees, which are usually In bloom the last week In April, did not begin to bloom until the 21st of the following May. Other cold Aprils were In 1302, 1101, 1373, 1371, 1375. April, lull, came and went, with an exactly normal temperature, which Is 53 degrees; the coldest day was 22 tic grees and tho hottest was IK) degrees on the 17th. We had a good frost on the night of the 3lh. The rainfall for April, 1014, was 1.U3 Inches which Is 1.37 Inches below the normal. Thus far wo are short 3.12 Inches for the first four months of the year loll. The lightest April fall for the month In the past 20 years was In 1012-1.13 Inches, anil the heaviest was 0.00 Inches In 1001. We had slight Hurries of snow on the 3th. Kaster, which came on the 12th, was a beautiful day, the maximum temperature lelng 02 degrees and the minimum, uo degrees. The extremes for the month were Max. Mill. 10 32 4 , 3 ! 11 12 ,'ll 17 M 21 35 21 -0 30 20 20 "12 Mean maximum, 01. Mean minimum, 42. Mean, 53. Rainfall, 1.03; greatest in 21 hours, 55 Indies on the 23d. Slight snow flurries on the Sth. The rainfall at Mound City was 1.10 Inches. The Missouri river has been unus ually low for the month. On the 23th It was only 2.2 feet above low water mark at tho St. Joseph bridge. Much corn had been planted throughout tho county during the list ten days of thu month The April rainfall and snowfall for April for the past 20 years has been Normal rainfall, 3 50 Inches ltalnrall. Snowfall. Inches. Inches. ju5 3 37 130 2.00 11 3.03 1;!2 .2.50 1307 4.13 10 ly.H 2 12 1305 30 1300 3.31 1100 3,70 1000 4.00 1000 10 1001 1.01 1001 2.10 1002 2.30 1002 1.00 1003 1.30 1003 70 1001 1.00 1001 2.50 1005 3.13 1005 1.05 1000 3.10 1000 Trace 1007 4.03 1007 Trace loos 1.07 1001 Trace looo 3.25 lfloo Traco 1010 1.42 1010 Trace 1011 3.32 1011 None 1012 1.13 1012 1.75 1013 2.50 1013 None 1011 1.03 1014.... None When Crops Are Good. Wall street has been cheered by message which Italph Van Vlchten vice-president of the Continental and Commercial National Hank or Chi cago, recently brought to New York Mr. Van Ichtcn's mcssago presaged prosperity and gave promise of re new cd good times. Here It Is: "Crop prospects In the winter wheat states are much above the av erage and are about as promising they have ever been at this season of the year; business in tho West show distinct signs or picking up." Of course business picks up when tho crop prospects are good. If notli Ing untoward occurs to damago the crops, If tho realization bears out the prospect, business will pick up throughout the nation. This mighty nation lias many ave nucs of activity, many fields of en deavor, but tho greatest of these Is Its farms. When the crops are good the farmer has money to spend and he spends It. When he spends it there Is monoy enough for everybody industry awakens: trade revives: the railroads prosper; everything moves upwaru. The iron and steel trade may be the Industrial barometer, but the farm Is more than that. The croos do not measure prosperity but cause It. When tue rarmer wears ins Dig contented. DrosDerous smile, the en' tire nation smiles hepplly.content' edlr and Drosoeroualy, There li nothing so smile-provoking as a good year in tue neias. JACK FROM THE SOUTHLAND. W. H. Richards Tells o( Hit Trip to the National Drainife Conre. Mr. Richards, who was one of the delegates from Missouri to the Na tional Drainage Congress, which mot at Savannah, Oa., April 22-25, re turned home April 23, and feels every way benefited by having attend' ed the congress, coming as ho did In personal touch with some of the most prominent advocates of drainage in the country. The program was an elaborate one In every feature, both as to subjects discussed, and clab orateness In entertainment. The program Included such subjects as Relation of the Citizen to Land Re clamation," "Control of Mississippi I ood s Ksscntlal to a 1'rotectlon of Our Largest Drainage Unit," "Land Drainage In Its Relation to General Agricultural Development," "What Drainage Reclamation Has Done for the State of Missouri," "Certain undamcntal Factors In Drainage," Reclamation, an Obligation of tho Government," "What Shall We Do Ith Our Large Swamps?, "Malaria nvestlgatlons In the I'nltcd States," Drainage In Its liilluence on Com mcrclal Development." Many other mportaut subjects wero discussed, and the various topics before the con grcss were ably discussed by some of the ablest men or ourcountry who aro enthusiasts on I he subject or drain age. The above Indicates the wide range of the purpose and object of the Na tional Drainage Congress. Mr. Rich ards says: "K. .1. Watson, or Columbia, S. G. was elected as the president or the congress for the ensuing jcar. An adjourned or special session of the congress will be held at San Francis co durlngtheexposltlon. The next an nual meeting will be held In Wash' Ington, D. C. From estimates and the least ol. talnahle data, there Is an area of over 30,000,000 acres or land In the United Stales subject to overflow, or Inundation and rendered unfit for successful cultivation, an area almost equal In extent of one acre per capita of the population and suillclent, If en tirely reclaimed to produce sutllclent food stuils for the support of the na Hon. This alone Is not the only result to he obtained hy national reclamation, which Is the paramount question, but second and of almost equal Impor Unco, the stamping out and eradica tion of disease, the principal of which s malaria. The work or tho congress In tho past has been suillclent to en list the support or President Wood- row Wilson, and to Induce Hon. Champ Clark, or Missouri, or the House or Representatives, to Intro duce a bill Inciting the purpose and object sought, and a companion hill o be Introduced In the Senate hy Senator John Sharp Williams, both of wlilch are now pending. Tho object Is not so much to secure government aid as to secure government co-opera. Hon; the subject, from the fact that the federal government retains con rol of the rivers, being Interstate and one which the States cannot con trol; the federal authorities will be asked to tako charge of and control the floods of the rivers over which It retains control, leaving to the States the matter of providing ways and means for taking charge or and caring for local conditions, There are provisions In the bill for the advancement, hy the federal gov eminent of tho money to pay for costs of reclamation, the bonds or the ilK trlcts or Interests, being taken at per cent, and to be repaid In thosamo manner as bonds now Issued for drainage work are paid, by taxation of the land specially benefited Savannah, and Its citizens surely upheld all tho tradltlonsot thoSoutl land tor hospitality. Tiber Is tho beach resort of tho city; tho train or eight coaches was tilled, standing room only, beside Hundreds went by auto. Upon our arrival, wo found the Immense pavll lion, 100 feet In width by soinu two feet In length, In which weru llv rows of tables extending tho full length, loaded with everything that one would wish for a lunch, the sue culent crab, lobster, crabfoot, radish es, onions, lettuce, dressings, French, Qermanandof every other nationality and although this State of Georgia has state-wide prohibition, there was enough or the liquid that made "Mil waukce famous" on hand te float small-sized ship, and the Governor North Carolina had no occasion to remark to the Governor of South Carolina that there waa too extended a period between drinks, and tht Governor of Florida and the Governor of Georgia did not seem to bo worry ing about the enforcement of the law. After about two hours of feasting and watching the white caps of the Incoming tide, the train conveyed the crowd down to Fort Screven, where the review or troops was witnessed, the governor's salute or seventeen guns H red i after this came the Inspec tion of the fort, the Immense coast defense guns, the one about titty feet In length throwing a 500-pound pro-. Jectllc a distance of thirteen miles, and wo can readily Imagine what would happen to Jones If he was there when It arrived, The other great guns are of the disappearing type, be Ing hoisted by machinery, and Imme diately disappearing after the shot Is tired. These guns are loaded anil sighted before being hoisted: this Is done by telephone from tho sighting tower, the men who load the guns, who work the hoisting machinery, and who tire icm are In a pit nearly twenty feet deep, behind the wallsof concretuand sand banks In front. The crowd re mained at Fort Screven for the tiring of the "Sunset Gun." then proceeded on Its return to the city The next entertainment provided as a "Street Fair and Carnival." The Street Fair, as to the daylight portion ot the program, was for the prlo of the best decorated automo bile; the tlrst prize In this was won by the car of the Georgia Central rail road. Kntlrely covered with cotton, Ith American t lenity roses, for deco rations, the largo car, contained eight or the most beautiful young ladles of Savannah, dressed In white In hanks of American Realities waving silken flags, or the Stars and Stripes, they were perfect hourls. Second prize was won by the Ford Co.; the decora tion being an ancient mill of Holland, all complete, all decorations were tine, very line, showing that much time as well as money had been spent on this. Next was all of the military or Savannah, the cavalry and Infantry from Fort Screven, then came the tire laddies of the town, everything shin ing even down to tho head of the last brass tack. Some Idea of the magni tude of the display may be gained by knowing that the procession was an hour and a hair passing the De Soto hotel. The show at night was a street dance, chaperoned 'by 10 colonial dames, This was an Innovation for the old town, and ever) body and ev- rybody eNe wanted to see thl, with the result that the street In which the dance was to be hold was crowded, packed and Jammed and all the streets connecting all pushing and craning and crowding, the police In aln trying to maintain an open space until finally the pressure from thu crowd becamo so great that, like wa ter (lowing over a dam the crowd poured Into the street completely jamming It from curb tocurb. After some diillculty thu band was rescued In sections and by starting some mu sic up thu side streets and other do- Ices and ruses the crowd was llnally scattered so that about 11 o'clock tho dance began, about two hundred cou ples participating. Thu writer Is not up upon the "Steps" but the different movements were pointed out as the Tango, Turkey Trot, Runny-Hugging, Hesitation, Texas Tommy, and a few others. It Is understood that there was no rowdyism, It was simply a great big crowd all good-natured, each Individ, ual trying to gel to the trout, ami ei tlmated by the Savannah papers at .'5,000 or more, but wu are Inclined to think the papers were In error, for I am conlldent thcru were 25,000 In the block where I stood and there were others, In fact, think that suhstan tlally tho whole population of Savan nah was on the streots that night, It was the worst Jam I over saw, and was on tho grounds of tho Chicago Day World's Fair when therowasa 1,000,000 crowd. There was also danco on at the De Soto hotel. In thu large dining room, This city will rank with any city In the United States for beauty, and sure, for It Is a picture; parks and resting places everywhere, palms magnolias, oaks, maples, plants of all kinds, streets tlnely and smoothly paved, all so well kept, and above all everything so cleanly. It Is not per mlsslble to dump anything on tho street or Into an alley, all are equally well kept; you can Uriel more refuse on any half block of our northern cities than you will find on twenty blocks ot this city of Savannah; tho people here are strong on the line of erecting monuments to the memory ot dls tlngulshed dead. There Is a grand one to Oglethorpe, Governor ot the Colony of Georgia, and near by Is an Immense block ot gray granite, rough and unhewn, weighing probably twenty tons, ana on a oronze meaai- lion, thereon Is Inscribed: "Tomo-Chl-Chl," "The Mlco of the Yamacraws," "the companion of Oglethorpe," "and the friend and ally" "of the Colony of Georgia." "Colonial Dames of America." "17X. 1300." It Is unique, will last for centuries, will remind all generations that there was at least one good "Live Indian." Savannah has a good harbor, and at this time was to be seen a sailing ves sel from Spain, full masted and sail- rigged, loading oak staves for wine casks; there aro few such vessels on the waters now; the city enjoys also the distinction of having the second largest cotton market In the United States, and there are acres and acres of cotton warehouses, but In this It seems they aro making a mistake, tho factories should also bo there, taking their lesson from lllrmlngham, Ala. This Is now taking too much space, but cannot close without ashorl com ment on tho country. Leaving St. Joseph, go over the Rurlhigtoii to St. Louis; to Columbus, Ga.,over Illinois Central; to Savannah over Central ot Georgia: this takes you into and through parts of Missouri, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia, seven states. Immediately after starting South' ward from St. Louis, the shading of the soil begins to change from black to a Ik'hter or graHi color, gradually shading Into red. grasses begin to gel scarcer, timber begins changing, until llnally the red soils and pine lauds are reached: as the soils and grasses and timbers shade out, so does agriculture, fields get smaller, methods more primitive, tin til the old log cabin, the ox team and cart, thu one-horse team and one man In a Held, and manyofthe tleldsabout the size of tho ordinary teed lot of a prosperous Missouri rarmer; the old- fashioned worm fence of rails, a few discouraged hogs, and cows, that from appearanco havenot had a square meal since their birth. Thu view Is one constant panorama of pine forest, and farming In a small way: the one thrlllllng feature being the Rrush Creek high bridge, 201 feet above the ground, and one feels how good It Is to be near the earth when looking out of the window- you cannot seu rail or tlo. The development that Is heard of In thu South Is not ss much In her agriculture as In mines and mills, but am not so certain that thu de nuding of tht lauds of timber can properly be called deu'lopment: some sort of usu In an agricultural way should he and no doubt will In time, buroundrorthe.su lauds; there are also millions or acres or wet lands. that can bu reclaimed, tho Statu of Georgia alone having more than 2, uoo.i&m acres of swamp and marsh. The result of a trip of this kind is to maku ono reel proud or Old Mlzou, for retiring from tho South, after tho eje has rested on barren red hills, or pine lands, green at the top, and brown or black underneath as wheth er the tire has run through It or not, as you gel Into Kentucky and Illinois on the east of the Mississippi, the freshness and verdure Is everywhere to bu seen, and green looks good and from Hannibal west to St Joseph, It It was up to me to sustain a large number of people, I would not give tho strip of land vlslblo from the car window across Mizzou, for a strip of equal width, for a thousand miles along the railroad from Savannah, ami would not give one good 010 acres of good old black Missouri soil for a township ot tho red or Georgia or Alabama; there aro other things In other places, but not so many of them and when It Is all sized up, wu have thu most ot them," Feeders to Cost Less. Out ot all this torelgn beer muddle thu one unanimous sentiment In mar kut circles seems to bo that from now on feeder cattle must cost less. Tho corn feeder cannot hope to compete with free beef and pay the prices lie has been paying In recent years for his stock cattlu. Ho must get them cheaper either by producing them himself or paying less for them when he buys them on the market. This means that the western stock grower must preparo to accept lower prices for his grass fed steers or he must finish his cattlo at home before mar keting. In fact, the whole beef pro ducing Industry must be readjusted to meet the changed conditions. Free beet does not necessarily mean that the consumer Is going to get cheaper beef, but it undoubtedly means that the producer must grow his beet at a smaller cost or go broke. In the slang of the day It looks very much aa It the producer was "the goat." Omaha Drorsrs Journal-Stockman. Jonas Whitmer. The death of Jonas Whltmcr, ot Mound City, which occurred In St. Joseph, Wednesday evening of last week, April 29th, Is not merely the loss sustained by an unusually exten she circle of friends and acquain tances. It rails aa a blow upon the whole county, depriving It ot one ot Its most honored and highly respect- ed citizens, No man was better or more favorably known, and no man was more highly esteemed, beloved, trusted and appreciated than Jonas Whitmer. In business pursuits that of firm life, In his earlier strug gles, he was the acme ot honesty; in private lite a man of the highest tpye of morality and noble and edifying things and thought; In church attain ho was active and sincere: in politics lie was an unltlnchlng Republican, and while standing for Its principles he never wavered from what he con sidered to he right and to be tho best Interests of the people; ho was a fast and consistent friend, lovable In dis position and character. The aged wife, who shared with thu tolls and privations of a pioneer's life, has lost a true and devoted hus band, thu church a faithful and earn est worker, and Holt county a highly respected citizen. In the family he was all that could bu'uxpected ot such a man. Ills married life was beauti ful In mutual sympathy, devotion and loyalty. Tho union was such as Is ordered by Heaven and Is a blessing to mankind, Ills labors on earth aro ended, but his liilluence will continue to help others In thu memory of his beautiful and holy life. Jonas Whitmer was bom In Miami county, Ohio, September 15, 1112, and died In St. Joseph, April 20th, loll, aged 71 years, 7 months and II days. He was raised on a farm and attend ed the common schools of his county, and on thu coming on of the Civil war he enlisted as a Union soldier as a private In Company II., Olth Ohio Infantry, serving three years, being mustered out as tlrst sergeant ot his company, going to the sea with Sher man, with thu llth army corps, Initio he came to Holt county, and followed farming, and also taught school; In due time he became the owner of many acres In the Squaw Creek district. He taught many diff erent schools In Holt ami Atch ison counties, and had chargu at d lif erent terms ot thu Culp and the old I'd) liter schools In Southern Holt. Some fifteen tears ago, he retired from active farm life and located In Mound City, where liu has lived a inlet, unpretentious life. Religiously, hu was an earnest, 'zealous member or tho M. i:. church, and was associated with Methodism of our county slnco lis.,, and was regarded as onu of the pillars of that church, and his activ ities In church work only ceased with thu coming or his lato ailllction. He sened In all church positions and was dearly beloved hy all his church associates Ills church work was ever active and substantial. Ills kindly heart was responsive to the needs ot the unfortunate, and he helped the young man and young woman to secure an education, or along business lines. He served for many cars as presi dent of the Holt County 1 armors' Mutual Insuraco Companies, and his wise council and conservative Judg ment was over looked to by his asso ciates. It was his ambition while president to see the company reach its million In rlsks-and before he re tired It had reached Its $1,500,000; then 2,250,ooo. In 1312, Mr. Whitmer was elected as Holt county's representative In the 32d general assembly, and was as signed to some of thu most Important legislative committees, and was ever found in Ills seat on roll call. March 1, 1971, he was united In mar riage to Miss Janu, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. David 1'ollock. by thu Ruv. S. W. Thornton, who with two roster children survlvu. Ilu Is also survived in- iiiui brother and a number ot nephews and nieces. Two children unr, horn to them, hut these pre ceded him to thu lioyond In Infancy. Iloaiitlful and impressive funeral services wero belli from the Mound City M. K. church, Saturday after- I lasi, iuay .u, inu uuierai ser helm; delivered by Rev. W. II. Christy, of Maryvllle, assisted by the pastor, Rev. . I. II, Walker; and Rev. I Dnl.ltnn nf U'ucflmrn Till. Samuel Roulsor, of Westboro. The , Interment was in Mount nope cem etery. They Got Caught. Four Carroll County men have pleaded guilty to tat dodging before Frank r. Dlvelbllss, circuit Judge. Each was fined $200, As part ot the penalty they added a total ot $121,000 to their assessments by asking the county board ot equalization to raise them that amount. Those who were fined and the amounts they added to their assessments were; Peter Con dron, farmer, $42,000; David Standley, money lender, $49,000; Thomas Gal laher, farmer, $11,000; John Forsythe, ba&ker, 122,000.