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Mm 50TH YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, APRIL 2, 1915. NUMBER 48. HUII lUUYH KUAI) nl.iMIMin Annual Meeting of County Road Overseers Well Attended Right Spirit Shown. Owing to the great ohime of mil lers which necessitated a heavy strain on our tpace and lack of time to ban die the matter, we Here compelled to continue the proceeding of the road overseers' meeting to this Issue. It Is auch good matter, that we felt It would stand keeping and continuing for a week. We herewith compile the remainder of the proceeding In Mil Issue: llottom Hoada. (in the subject ot good road In the bottom, Win. Fllzmaurlcc, ot Forest City, wan the tint called on by Engl neer l'eret. Mr. F. talked from the view K)lnt of one who has had the experience. lie believed In early grading; drag and keep dragging: but you can only do uboul so much work, when you mint ijult jour Job because of the lack of funds. One of the great enemies of good road making was the weeds, and every overseer .should exterminate these wherever found, A. W. VanCamp said that while the weeds were a great enemy to road making, the greatest enemy and the TIIK IUGIIT WAV. most stubborn obstacle In bottom road making was water. If lie were to start a bottom road lie would ilrst bare the county engineer to establish the center levels not over ft) feet uptrt. Itavlnthwe levels lie could determine the lowest line and drain to that lowest level. He would then dig a ditch In the center as deep as the side drain and put in il Inch til ing. Slope to .10 feet on each side, and he would eliminate all culverts If .possible. It might be J on would lave to go through some one's lands, kx tMasVBLIaaV LaaaLHbL tjHLaLHi aaaLWb xiKMrnSSl TIIK WItONO WAY. but this could be done. The height of the road Is of little consequence If you have the drainage. A. I). Morris concurred In Mr. Van Camp'H Ideas. Take the road; the whole road, drain It and keep II drained; put In your drain tiling; get the water away from the road and keep.lt away, and thin can be done if you allow ft fall of one Inch to the foot of fall to ea:h side. A. D. Cunningham was an advocate ot the use of the drag, and Its persist ent use. It was the solution of the problem of making good bottom roads, A BO AD DItAQ. sided by good drainage; avoid having joor road too high at the crown. County Engineer Psrtt then an ..I'm ' " i I M ! n nouncedthalasMr.il. 1! Cook u absent, and could not talk on thesub Ject of "County Seat Highway Drag ging," he Introduced the subject by stating that the state paid llii per mile per year, or 70 cents per round trip mile. Iftlilsll.'t per mile was not all used, the unused portion could only be used for grading purposes, and this can only be used with the ap proval of the commissioners. Many of the overseers seemed In opposition to this law, and believed It had been of little practical bene lit; they were opposed to the principal of the law, pay one man for dragging, anil no pay for the man who drags from the good citizenship view point from pride, and loyalty to neighborhood. The; believed It would tend ultimately to do away with donation In drag work The opposition to the law was most pronounced, and they felt thai every man should be given a chance at thai 70 cents per round mile for dragging. Using District Funds. Mr. James Milne led ttie discussion on the subject of "Dragging lloads With District Funds." You soon learned his position on I lie subject for he took a positive stand In opposi tion to the use of district funds for such purpose. What funds the ills trlct had, they were needed for grad ing and other purposes, and If jou used the district funds for dragging, jou discouraged donation work, and reJuced the civic pride In the Individ ual, and the result would ultimately do away with individual dragging. He thought the county seal road dragging law a poor one, and regard ed It as being far from a success. In terest dragging Is retarded by the law, and Individual pride Is lowered. If a man Is paid for dragging the road, so should every other cltlen be paid. Personal pride In having a good roid along his properly should be the guide for every man, hence If every man would take personal pride in dragging his road, there would bo no use whatever of taking any of the district funds for such purpose. In dividual and community pride Is, af ter all, the basis for having good roads. You may have funds, but you must have the right spirit to make good roads. . Tom Derr endorsed every state ment made by Mr. Milne; he was strongly opposed to using district funds for dragging, and thought ev ery man who dragged should have a chance at "the TO cents a mile piece of pie." II. M. lirown tooK strong grounds in opposition io me cuunij seal win ging scheme, and regarded It as far from being a success. He thouglitthe money should be used for the build ing of concrete culverts. It had been demonstrated to his satisfaction that those who drag at 115 per, do not do as good work as those who live oft the pay road, and receive no pay. John Mariner said lie was opposed to using district funds to drag; he be lieved In dragging, and the way to get your roads dragged was for the overseer to get out and say to his peo ple, "Come on; let s all drag tomor row," If an overseer shows the right spirit, as a general rule the people will help and do their part; ho found It so In his district, and he believed Ids district was pretty much like oth er districts. Will FlUmaurlce was In favor of using the district funds to make the roads, whether for grading, dragging, cutting weeds whatever was neces sary to do, do It, and use the funds as far as they went then of course you would have to stop. Ralph Meyer was called on by Engl neer l'eret, and Ilalph went after the county seat dragging scheme,handllng It without gloves, and characterizing It as ft farce, a glittering failure, and (Continued on page 8.) OI.IIKSVIIKTHK NATIVK I1IIKN Mrs. Maty Catharine Metcalt for 75 Years Resident ot Holt County. TiikSk.ntinki. has In the last few years published from time to time claims on behalf of dlllerenl persons to the distinction of being the oldest living native born resilient of Holt couniy. Mrs. Mary Catharine Me'ralf, of Forties, Is iindiiuhtedl) cut II led to that honor. She was bini on the farm now owned and (c:upled by Judge I'hlllp Schlo'rhaner, October TOtli, and now lives with tier son.tieorgeT Metcalf, postmaster at Forbes. aaaaaaP InmnmnmnmnmBaaBBBaV MAIIV CATHKMNE MBTCALF She wis the daughter of (leorge T. Scott, who entered and patented the land where she was born. She was married May 27th, ltt, to George llobson. lit died December '.".MMS. One child was born of this marriage, but died in Infancy. She was again married April f, !, to George T. Metcalf, Senior lie died April 'J!Hh, HuX Seven children were born of this marriage and all are now living. Mrs. Metcalf Is unite strong and ac tive for her age and Is In full posses sion of all her faculties, b.lng able to read easily without glasses. In this omiectton we publish the following list of some of the other blrds-or native born of Holt county, and If you know of any earlier ones or In the early 10's send name, date, and where In thu county born. Dennett, Mrs. Kllen.vvas born In November, ISC'; died June I'.', UK7. Carter, Esquire, burn In November, bin. (iiithrle. James, burn September 17, MX Metcalf. Mrs. Mary Catharine, born October, IS!'). Mclutjre, A. S., born March, 141: died March f, Wi. Morris, William M ; horn January I, i-m. Mcllee, George; born May II, 1MI; died February U, ll'IX Ilussell, Wm. Harrison; born Octo ber U.IM: died July 7, 1K70. This was the Hrst birth In Holt county. slpes, I'eter; born April, 1S4.1; died April -H, 1843. Slpes, Mrs. I'eter; born March in, INt'.'. Sharp, Asa; born April, lxl.1; died January 17, IUI4. From this It will be seen that Mrs. Metcalf Is now In her 7Uth tear of continuous residence In Holt county. Death of James B. Payne. In the death of James II. I'ayne, after an illness of more than a year, which occurred at Ills home In Ore' gon, Friday last, March IMth, removes another of the early day settlers of Holt county. In his early life he w man of wonderful business activity, and physical endurance, la tils later years he met with reverses, but man aged to recuperate at times, and tight on his life s struggles. For years he was engaged In many busl ness ventures, but as years came and Infirmities overlook him he was com' palled to retire from active business pursuits, and for the past several years has lived a quiet, retired life In this city. Ills father, Ilallinger I'ayne, was a Kentucklan, and came to Missouri In an early day and entered the land on which the Missouri University is lo cated. His mother was Mary Hobbs, a native of Virginia. The deceased was born In Iloone county, Missouri, near Columbia, June 3, 1834, and was therefore In his 81st year at the time of his death With his parents he came to Holt county, In 1849., In 1858 he went to Old Lafayette, In Doniphan county, Kansas, ana engaged in the mercan tile business, and remained there tin til 1864, Ha took part In the civil war aa a member of the Kansai militia, and helped to drive General t'rlce back In his 111 raid. In l.7l he came to Oregon and en gaged In the general mercantile busi ness, which he continued until Is", when he bought the stave and head ing factory, located southwest of Oregon. This proved a losing ven ture, and he from time to time re-engaged In the mercantile business, and finally retired. Alone time he was one of the largest owners of liottnm lands in southern Holt. Maj 2" l.V, he married Mary K., daughter of Andrew J. Iteed, of this comity Mrs. I'ayne died May '.'7. lw.il. Nine children were horn to them,seveii of whom survive their fath er. These are: Andrew II., .lames W , of ti.ls count): Mrs. Iijron Ed- wards, of Itock Island, New Mexico: Mrs. 1' M liestand Mrs. I). M. Lay, of Kansas city, and Mrs. Kva llultar, of Kvallne, Texas, and Mrs. Llile Kenney-!cott. He Is also survived by '.'3 grandchildren and III great grandchildren. Mr. I'a.vne was one of the pioneers of the Christian church, of Holt count) and In his early day took ac tive pan with the tarlyday mlnlsteis of that cliureh In aiding establishing of cottgregratlons throughout the count) and was one of thu original class to organize the iregon church. He ha I for many jearsbeeu a mem- ber of regon Lodge 1.T'. A., F .t A. M In Jul), li3,Mr. I'ayne was united In marf(ig tn Mrs, Mllla dray, of Kana City, who survives him. Mineral services were held from the Christian church, conducted by his pastor, Kliler II, II. Dawson, after which the Masonic lodge took charge and lie was laid to rest with the hon ors of that order. "The wlll-of God Is accomplished; so mote It be; amen." The Passing ol Wm. Kneale who was the eldest son of James and Ituth Kneale, was born In Andrew county, MKsourl, May S3, IKVi. He died at the family residence In Malt- land, March 2rt, WIS. The funeral service was conducted by Elder Me- mis, at the Clirlstlanchurch, In Malt- land, on Sunday afternoon, March 2. The remains were laid to rest In the K. I. cemetery, Sunday, William Kneale and Clara A. Nev- Ins were united In married In ISM, at the old Nevlns homestead In King Grove. The ceremony was performed by F.lder W. A. Gardner, who was then pastor of the Christian church, of Oregon. To this union ten children live girts and live bojs were born, and eight grandchildren also survive. Ills faithful wife and nine children are left to mini in the loss of a devoted husband and father. The children are Mes- dames Dan Markland Jas. llornecker, of Oregon; Mesdames Hoy Mender and Arthur Garton, Messrs. Hobt. and William Kneale, of New I'olnt; Mary, Curtis, and Lester, of Maltland. The youngest son died In Infancy. Mr. Kneale also leaves an aged mother. Three sisters, Mesdames JohnCarroll, of Washington; Henry Fries, of Nod away county. Mo,, and Kd. Oren, of St. Joseph. The survlvlngbrothers are Edward, of Maltland, Mo.; Hobt. and Thomas, of Oregon, Mo.; Frank, of Hllmore, and John, of Washington. Mr. Kneale had lived the greater part of his life In Holt county, Mo., and leaves a host of friends who truly sjmpathlre with the bereaved wife, children, aged mother and brother and sisters. May the All-wise Fattier comfort them In their great sorrow. Hand Badly Lacerated. Thursday, of last week, March 2.1, Wlti, lien Freeman, living some six miles west of lllgelow, had an experi ence that he will likely remember, the remaining dayathat he should re main on this earth. lie was using dyanmlte for the ex termination or stumps, and was on his Job wttli mils. He made all the necessary arrangements and coonec lions, and left the stump, going some distance to get out of the dan' ger line. He did not know It, but the cap and fuse stayed connected with the mil, and all of a sudden the "darned" thing went off with a loud explosion, and all of a sudden lien found he was minus the thumb and Hrst linger of his left hand, and his hand badly lacerated. Dr. K. E. Hogan, of lllgelow, was summoned, who called his brother, Dr. J, L., of Oregon, to his assistance, and they got busy and patched Ben's hand up In real good ahape, and ho Is doing as well at could be expected. TIIK XOIIAWAV CLAIMS TWO. Mrs. Samuel Hushes and Sister. Ida Traub, Drowned In the Nodaway. While trying to retrieve a duck, shot hy her husband, Samuel Hughes, ir.. which had fallen In the Nodaway river, below the Savannah bridge, Mrs, Hughes, and her sister, Miss Ida Traub, were drowned about live miles from the Nodaway station and In the Monarch school district. Simdav morn ing March, '.", t(itr, Mr. Hughes went duck hunting early Sunday morning and returned home for a short time, and told Ids wife and her sister ot having shot a duck and that II fell In the river, and he could not get It. Mr. Hughes then returned to hunt, going a little far ther up the river. After Mr, Hughes left, the wife and her sister, Ida, decided to go down to the river and endeavor to get the duck. On arriving at the bank they saw (he duck, and each got a long stick which they used In trying to get the duck to the bank The bank was steep and slippery, and Miss Ida In her etTorts to reach the duck, slipped and fell Into the water. Mrs. Hughes, at once made ellorts to get her sister out, and she too fell In the water, and the current soon had them in Us power. Mr. Hughes was 1 1 jears of age, anil Miss Ida was I'.' jears, Asmallerslsler,whowasallttlewa)s upthe stream heardlhelrfranticcrles. and called Mr. Hughes who hurried to the scene, and every effort made to save them, but to no avail the Noda away had claimed Its victims. Mrs. Hughes' body was found In a pile of drlfl'about one-fourth mite be low the point where they went In the stream, The body of her sister had not yet been recovered up to the hour of our going to provswith this article, Tuesday noon. Mrs. Hughes was formerly Miss Fern Traub, of Ar.drew county, and became the wife of Samuel Hughes, Jr., on lebruiry 'J.', UUI; on January th, lt'10, a son was born to them, who with the husband, sisters a;id brothers and parents survive. This Is one of the saddest of accidents oc curring In our county for many jears, jet we have had many similar ones In our county, among which were: Mbert lloberts, of Corning, In the Nodaway, near Nodaway station, February 13, llHVi, Mollis Caraway, In Missouri river, neart ralg, July l'J, IHI3. rnknown man near Ilovey statluti, December 4, lliotl, Charles Genet, In slough south of Forest City, June l.'i, l'.mi Hoy llostock, Kunkel pood reer- voir, June ), Iimci. I ess I e Smith, near the I'ralsvvater furry. Nodaway river, June L'l, lull). !!av Itovk, l'i Hlg Lake. August liar.), Charles Ned I lob) lis fell from bridge, In Craig, October II, Uki.1, Charles Welmer, crossing river op posite Fargo, December IM, lull. rnknown man near ltulo bridge, August i:, IHI4, Alloway, Wm., near Duncan s mill, In the Nodaway, December 0, lr7. Ilrldle, Harry, was drowned In the Missouri river at lloswell, June y, lin. Chambers sisters were drowned In the Missouri river, their bodies being found at Iowa I'olnt, May 1.1, IKO. Kyger, Lincoln, In Nodaway river, May 13, 18B7. Laselle, Harry, in Missouri river, near Kansas City, May 1, loin. Smith, Mrs. Walter, Ina well: March '.'(, 1683. Young woman, name unknown, body found In Missouri river near Craig, Augusta, IBM. .ook, Harrison, June K, In mill pond near Corning. He la Doing Well. Mr. lien F. I'lummer, one of Cros by county's most progressive farmers, has submitted some Interesting fig ures on the productiveness of Crosby county land, which figures show that we have here probably the most pro ductive and profitable country In America. Last year Mr. I'lummer and his son, Ilruce, farmed .145 acres ot land Immediately east of Crosby- ten. On this land they raised maize and Kaftlr corn which threshed out the enormous total ot 8'.'4,80O pounds, nearly a million. This figures out lu,4U(J bushels, making an average of forty-eight bushels to the aero. At the current price of 00 cents a bushel we arrive at a money value of 19,248, which la Just about S24 per acre. In handing In the figures Mr. Plum- mer aatd: "The figures given are cor- reel In erery respect, and we expect to do even better this year. These figures show what is being done right along by the farmersof this commun ity and I don't believe you can beat It anywhere In America. The men who are feeding a few cattle with well bred hogs running with them, realize a much better profit. Add to this the profit from butter and eggs and poultry, and It will readily be seen that the Crosby-county farmer .s doing better than anywhere else. This Is especially true when jou take into consideration the price of the land us compared to other parts of America. In most of the northern states no farmer can raise in one jear crops that will bring an amount of money mual to one-half or three- quarters of what the land costs. In Iowa and Nebraska for Instance the population Is so great that the price of land per acre runs as high as fAxi. These farmers do not raise ilcOworlh on each acre. They don't raise any more, If as much, as we do. Hut our land docs nol bring as high price as yet. And when jou see us raising crops to the value of K per acre It. means that amount represents half of the money Invested In the land per acre. It only takes two jears at that rate to pay for the best land In this countj-. Hut II won't last many jears, as the people are gradually finding this out. I shall Ik glad to 'how the figures iiuoted herein to any one who desires to Investigate them and shall also take pleasure In show ing any one my farm. "-Crosb) ton (Texas) lievlew, March .1. Mr. I'lummer's tnanj friends In Holt county will read with much In terest the above Item, and all will be glad to hear of his success In the Southland, having left his farm near Forest City, several jears ago, for Texas. Takes Own Life. Miss Edna Shull, the ycungest child of Mr. and Mrs. James N. Shull, liv ing north of Maltland, In the Eureka district, shot and killed herself about c o'clock Monday morning, March 22, ltd., with a '.'.' rifle In her own room at her home. The bullet entered her body almost In the center of her heart. Immediately after the shot she said to tier mother, "Well, I have done II," and died a few minutes lat er. She was twenty years of age. No reason can te given as to the cause of thu act, as Miss Shull en Jo)ed the best of health and she had shown no Indication of a state of mind which would lead to suicide. Sunday she spent the day visiting with her joung friends In Skldmore and appeared In unusually good spir its. She attended church services twice Sunday and was accompanied home Sunday evening by her brother. Heslde her devoted parents she leaves several brothers and sisters, one brother only at home. The funeral services were held at the home Wednesday morning by Itev. M. DeWItt, Interment being made In the K. of I', cemetery here. -Maltland Herald, March '.'.", Coming Event. Meyer I'ost.G. A. II., at its meet ing Saturday, of last week, owing to the fact that Decoration Day would come on Sunday, this year, have de cided to observe the day on Saturday, May LDtli, and the exercises will be held In the forenoon of that day at the cemetery, where the annual ad dress will be delivered, and the ritual istic exercises will be held by the G. A. It. On Sunday, May '.'.id, the annual memorial services will be held at the M. E. Church, and Itev. Anderon will deliver the memorial sermon at the regular morning servile hour. Oregon Camp, Sons of Veterans, will have charge of all details of ar rangements, and Col. Frank I'etree, of the camp, will In due time Issue his oillclal orders. Hon. C. I). Morris, a son of a vet eran and editor of the Si. Joseph Ga znte, and one of Missouri's most bril liant orators, has been asked to deliver the address. Got His Pair. SherllT Gelvln made a haul up at Glenwood, Iowa, Wednesday, of last week, March 24th, capturing two men! who were needed In Holt coun ty for burglary and larceny. The pair gave their names as James Man ning, and Alf. Carter. They are charged with robbing a freight car at Napier, on March 23d, and taking several pairs of shoes and a lot of chewing and smoking tobacco. Sheriff Gelvln brought his men here, and lodged them in Jail, and on Thursday, they were arraigned before Esquire King, and waiving prelimi nary they were committed In default ot bond, to await tha action of the circuit court.