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mm VafeD 51ST YEAR. OREGON, MISSOURI, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 10, 1915. NUMBER 32. November Weather. We are truly under obligations to ih weather clerk (or giving us such ideal weatlier through the entire month of November. If we ever had ideal Indian summer we certainly have had It during the month Jutt put. The temperature was tlx degree ibove the normal, the normal for the month being 40 degrees. The rainfall for the month was l.lfl Indies, which la only .52 below the normal for the month. We should have had 3.31 Inches of snow, but we had only a trace on the night of the 27th. We had some lightning on the night et the 10th, The month came In with heavy I nil and a severe dint storm. During the llrsl week of the month '.here were many Mowers In bloom In tome of our lawns, and Mrs. Itobert 1'tiiley gathered peas from her vines luring the Hrst week of the month, A cyclone visited Great llend, Kan sis, and dcstro)ed many lives and much properly, on the loth The extreme for the month of No vember, r.'l.'i Here: Max. Mln '.'It I'll " III II . is . . in Mean maximum, S7 Hfitn minimum, ,'M. Mean, in. Maximum for the month w:is7'ion thu7th,uml the minimum : on t he :oth. lialnfall, I. in Inches. heaviest J I hour fall was ..V.' Indie on the L'ilh. On Thanksgiving day the mixl :iium was ill, and the minimum, . 'IT. Thu rainfall fur thu month at Mound City was 1:13. The Marriage Record. llecorder Dinkers IsMied nine mar rlagu licenses during the mouth of November, making the total Issued for the II months of ll'IS, 7.1: llelllnger, M , and Lillian K Lar on, both of Clinton county, Iowa, Nov. :iil, hy Itev. .1. W. Anderson. Drown, (,'lns I'., of Denver, Mo and Abble Kllabcth Lon, of Wet more, Kans, November IS!, by llev T. A. Clagett. Carr, Krsel, of Maryvllle, Mo., ami Orpha Mcl-'arland. of Forest City, No vember llth, by Itev. II. M Wetzel lllbbard, Hay, of Oregon, and Hessle Moore, of Mound City, Novem ber'.'llh. hy llev. T ll Huberts. Lcwark, 0. II , of Curtis, ()kla.,and Klhel West, of Forest City, Nov :i by Harry M Duiigan, rrobale.ludgc Norman Llojd Herman, and I'M her Kllen Cooksey, both of Mound City, November 'J3, by llev. 0 W. Kllen berger. Owens, Carl II., of Mound City and lone Outhrle, of Forest City, Novem tier -1, by llev Lane Douglass. Showalter, Otis, and Anna 1'earl Rundles, both of Mound City, Novem bor 22, by Harry M. Dungan, Probate Judge, Consent given by grcom's father. Whipple Loyd, and Lula llurtnelt both of Forest City, November 17th by Klder II. II. Dawson. Consent glv en by groom's father. To Pump Oft Waler. J. M Welghtman, county agent for the Farmers' Mutual Insurance Co tells us of a plan used by a wealthy Corning farmer by which he hopes to save his crops In Hood times. John A. Iluck, who owns Hit acres of good land south of Corning, and has other real estate, has constructed a reservlor on the low part of the tract near the drainage ditch, and has a big engine and centrifugal pump by which he expects to assist nature putting the water Into the ditch when It comes over the land too rapidly for the lateral ditches to carry It off. The water can thus, he be lleves, be removed before It will ma terlally damage his crops. The big engine, which Is of the traction type, Is also being used by Mr. Iluck In plowing, discing, etc News-JefTersonlan, December .1 Meets Monday. The adjourned term of our circuit court will convene Monday, of next week, December 13, at which time number of cases continued over from the October term will likely be called Among those cases set for Monday are those of John Collmtn, Thomas Foley and Mary Ann Foley; Ed. Fltzmau rice, Michael Fltzmaurlce, Howard A tJUUKIH, VO UlUnil ..III ... Ui flatsweli, all against the 0., B. & Q railroad, asking damages for de struct Ion to their crops during the put year, caused by Improper drain 'age furnished by the railroad, which causea meir ueiiu io urcruuw. Grandma Neviru. One of the oldett settlers of Holt county It Mar- A Nevlns, commonly known as "Aunt Matidy." The subject of this sketch was born at Wllkesboro, N 0, .Ian ,2.1, IK Her parents were William and ttuth Campbell, who In ihe )eir1S:Heml grated to Mnrgan county. Ill, ind with a number of other North Caro Una friends entered land near where the present, town of Waverly now stands. This land h never been tranferred from IheCamplwll genera MAllY A NI'.VIN'S Ion. nor has I' ever I ! mortgaged t Is iiu.v ii.vned in tlt sons of the lair .lueph ('.nupln-U. Mi this ili tr old li.iineslcxil "Amu Maud)" s-i-ut hi'r childhood tl.i.ts, which rlpjiiod Int Hoiiianl.ui.il. Here he was vv-ncd. unii and man led to ler childhood sweetheart, Hubert Sims. TnK union look p .ice In Ml, I o rtillilieii came lu glad.Un their home. Wllllu A. Sims, of Fort Scott. Kan., and .1 .1. Slin, of Holier, II., at whose home the mother Is now visiting The young husband, Hobo it Sims, lied In I'Vi. Mary A Sims and Valentine Neilns were united lu marriage In la-V!. To this union two children were horn, Clara Net-Ins Knealo of New Point, ami Alexander Nevlus, who died In Childhood. I'lielu Vateiitluuauil "Aunt Maud)" came to Holt county, Mo., In I where they purchased .i.'u acres of Ithd at M 'JS per acre, In the King tirove district The same laud tuila) will sell for IM per acre. Aunt Maud)" became a member of the ChrlstUn church 7S jcars ago and has ever been faithful mid loyal to her church. She was converted tin tier the preaching of l. Pat Hender son and Is the only living charter member of the Waverly Christ Ian church. Although only three of her children reached the age of maturtt), she Is certainly blessed with gland children, there being .'10 grandchil dren and 22 great-grandchildren. Almost a score of orphan children have at dllferent times made their home at Aunt Mandv's, They have staid from tl months to ."IS years, those who staid the longest being Charley Nevlns and Clara Campbell, now Mis. Whit. Man pi ii Valentine Nevlus died at the King Grove homestead In May, 11)07. The widow has since made her home with her children, The Busy End. David Dubach. living near Forbes, and working on the Mill Creek Drain age canal, near Ciirron, came In con tact with the business end of one of his mules on Thur-day, of last week, December -d, and he looks as If the tipper end of his anatomy had been ran through a threshing machine. The mule kicked ferociously, and the re sult was that It's upper Jaw wasbadly crushed, and the lower Jaw severely cut. Dr. Hog an was called, and he was nicely patched up, and while he is able to be up, he looks as If he had had a round or two with Champion .less Wlllard, David Isemphathlc In saying "Darn that mule," or words lo that effect. Whose Head. A teacher was giving a lesson on the circulation of blood. Trying to make the matter clearer, he said; "Now, boys, If I stood on my head the blood as you know would run Into It, and I should turn red In the face." "Yes, sir," said the boys. "Now," continued Use teacher, "What I want to know Is this; How Is It that while I am standing up right In the ordinary position the blood doesn't run Into my feet?" And a little fellow shouted: "Why sir, because yer feet ain't empty." "DO YOUR CHRISTMAS SHOPPING EARLY." Iljr .1, A. t'( leman, la tlfthany, Mu., lemhllt-iiu. The iit-irc ale-nan In the hind of so intuit tiuttnfsaman.i-hanced the whole praotli-e of Christmas shopping no, I -.llmulttnl holiday huttnessas nothing else rnuld hat done. This man, with the nerreutn Itanium and the Judgment or it Wansmtikrr. i(ratibdlhe thought from the puhlli mind unit put II Into Mk BLACK TYPE whrie'lle whorwaa may rtad"-lnthe newspaper! He hacked it popular eonvlcllon with his inln nd adrrrtUtd the uiiltrrs.il htllrf that It would be tiellrr tor emyone roneerued If the Inftltahta Christmas purchases ware made nt one- while stis-ks were fresh unit new tied thorhnh-e was wide and ample The result not only paid the advertiser, iill alwayaiha hat the whole suntfy profited heslde This stiii-an hni slnrw slipped Into practical useln ereryi-ornernfeoin-merelut Anierh-a Ksi-eiillinr nefhapa Its fellow shsttn, "Safety Flrat," whli-h reilut-t'd the iiivld-nt ih'nlh rat eoofinously,ll has done more itoi-d (ti the world than nnv tiitslnesi phrase en-r ciilneil. It has la-en tin imiins of dlsiSmtlnulini thtln,e-honorisl pnictlri nmoiiK lurite DiethipiOU-iiidf p.irt no-ill and se,-Utiy s!i,r,snf kt-vplnitf-pen In Ihe erenltus ti week or two liris-rilliii t'hrMinas Ke, It his ,-natileil hiinufirlurrrs In pr, pin-lln-lr tin ui. mid fill ordt rs farenotiitli In ndvanis- to Insure elear slnre r,smisloiiir la-fiin- the Viih'tldiM-aiidU-s were llntited. II pn-renteil ltiedlsapaltitiii, nt nf millions nf t'hrlstmssshoptiers who wen wont In times past In wait fur the imoeatf rai-tlve Imst'ltlea whh h tlltfoil up at the last innmelit Anil tint the letit tmpiirlalil. It satcit th, hearlll. h,-s of n, fU-,-1,-,1 on,., ih,t Irant iihiu the hhiken n-iilof iiieri man's thoui;htl-ssni-s 1 hut pliMv. "II., ynor t'hiMiras Mmiiiilnit t'arly. ' w i- in. I mllr luki-n lll and ll islil U-fiiM- Ihe l-,-s,lf tho world ihrollltli till1 lliillllllll of Its li,w- ,riH-r. .Insi a., i,-ry Monti-whlle Ihlnir l fold this nittonof riail-rliv the vir ifi-,-nl. ,-oiisuiit. rellalile. all-tno,vii,c mprnliiif. nlior, wi-ekly. or riimd.iy io-wshh, NolhliiiT Ihe world il's uiI,,ih mIiImmiI T kii'.Hlnhre. lolhliitf ou wanl tin- w Hid In know i'iiii l hiioli kn wn mUIhmiI lit til, I ,iin,.l hiiv iititloiiit ii,-innf n-iurr will l I ton that lu-st of hlsf.nni-im,l iitofii wi-r, . ,riN,,.-t of ii,.wiH-r loll, rti.i,i. N, ii,-wi.,h t mlierlls.-r who k pi II up wlM-ly ,-t r t.l moitey. Il, iii-wwi,-r ,ii v Ho- -oltirtlMr, t he l.illi-r im-i.-lv lf,t,--.t. in l,ul i ,iii,iii-iiy 'II t of .iiiti-riislne I hi- ii phantom ,iim-Uii lin.-tir iiii.i nntwiii ti tl I, a i,tii iInm inioli' of ihlu nlr and n veiiow im-:ii. I hi ,-tinotton s,i,K-ilii,,ii ih it sdti-rtlslnv -tN-n Is 1,-tlitl iihi I i,,i, .linn r I-. ok.- tli- faUa.-t 'I he f.o-l id th, n, ,U,-r Is thai th n,-li ,oln ttt-.i r i i r,,r il ooi ,.f tin llUlllll s he hrl- lo H-l,ir Mte.,1, -elti 1 1 11 Ailti-llt-ilu OotOi'e.oiitptil. h tlti-s nt - lt,i..ol dlt lile -.elliriit .-,.l n,, it ii i. niif I w i-lnin-f, mi) whiieiiM.V M llnliitir III I'nlll u ,r. o- , t,undt-i a-i til ini-t e.,, in pnilli "in of aiii,-i, bi i n.io, n. ,n . mi l ,nl, oil ,, n) f l hi, ,,a h iiltelli-iiu .MdltAI.IIIK MliflllAMSi hiKiin i III'MM.Ss y What is I'rcporcdncss. W'v wen-asked a few dasago. by onu of our reado ,"what wc uuilerstoial tu be iiuant liyprt parediicss," and they went on to give a good dellnltluii of the n.ival pari of preparedness, asany one could reasonably foruiulatf. "We, no doubt," he sa)s. "shoutd haw a naty hlg enough to hold our own at si;i. and that navy should he able to take care of our merchant inailue any where and everywhere That Is ex actly what we w:tnt. That U prepar edness u hlch Is rat her a pompouss) no uyui for readiness Wu are not ready .. ,. now. At the rate we have been going" we never will be ready The country not only needs a larger navy, bin a better balanced navy. It Is wofu..y HI rvJlJU MVIUIIt Kti MHit vi - il..u,i-i-. l-:v,.rv -iriii f tl.nliavalestab I 11. I Ll...,.l.l I... .1... ..IM....I 1,1 lisiiiiivill eiiuinu wu ..-..viuv ' tinnier relation to the ellecllveness of I the whole, ami ll should he done as soon as possible, not In hastes not In- spired by fear of a present enemy; but a measure of wise precaution that. should havu been taken long ago, and that may be taken now only because the country Is for thu Hrst tlmeawaku to our dellclencles and our needs. TllK Skntiski. has ever advocated a larger navy. 1 1 presses the question now because It feels thai now, If ever, Is the time loget ll Ifwedo not pro vide for a dellntte program of Increas ed construction while thu need Is realized In the center as well asal the d'cr-ferenct' of our land, we will most certainly relapse Into the dolce far hlentu of the past, and our navy- will continue to be a crutch rather than a shield. Such a program can not be carried out "all at once." Na val construction Is slow work, even under the pressing Incentive of actual war It must In the nature of things be a gradual process. Hut a beginning must tie made somewhere, and now ts the time lo make It Wu do not favor a large standing army, but we do favor one of sutllcienl strength to form an adequate nucleus for an ellectlve military organization In lime of war, and a volunteer auxi liary more numerous, mure thoroughly trained and more closely related to the permanent establishment than t! possible under the present sstem And the Federal lioveruinenl should be prepared to equip with all speed any force that. II might be necessary Mr us to raise In emergency. That Is pre parednesN as we understand It pre paredness for Immediate, complete and successful protection from any force that may assail us. It does not contemplate aggression, hut Ii a meas ure of ordinary prudence. Court House Writing Machines Pay For Service. "A typewriter In the court house pays for Itself In a short time." This Is the statement of Circuit Clerk K. F. Klllott. It not only means clean, readable records but Is the means of sating time and facilitating the work of the various oillces where records have to be copied. For a number of years typewriters dii,-, oi Imi isits,i ,n. i ,1 t.,iii h:ie been a part of the eiiilpmi-nt of the Hooue county court house hut It has been only In recent tears that they hate been adopted In Audrlaii in looking over tin- ricords or )iats ago ll Is evident that penmanship was not the strong point of somu olllclals. They wrote their records as plainly as they could but their ellorts to make their script legible nut only look tlu.u lint did not alwajs succeed. The Court House ricords tialay are not what they were llfly years ago. J hey are In books now and these ,"'u," """" ,a' , rat no",B of Ihe olllclals arc so familiar with i i.- i . . . . "r, ; T. i .. 7 ," ,elr ',3M "s "' Ia",,rou , V1U " '' J"? ;uKo.. call for In ' .,, ,;'!'' I"! I I II ,u,r a u.n inoiie, I saving to the taxpa)er as well as the nillllli III oellol ll 1,1 m" Mexico, Mo , Led ger n n n i ; Ury-Lurms I ork. Hub each piece of meat with line clean salt and allow It to stand from six to twenty-four hours In a pile on a bench or a table so the hlo.tly serum can drain out. Dry-Curing Misturv For I, n "i pounds of meat, line clean sail, -lo pounds; white or brown sugar, IU pounds; white or black pepper, I pounds; red pepper, half pound Mix thoroughly. Hub each piece of meat thoroughly with the dry-curing mixture, taking care to see that It penetrates the muscles around the ends of the bones of the hams and shoulders. Pile the meat carefully w 1th the skin down, In a cool, airy place, hut avoid damp musty cellars. Do not make the pile more than three deep, oriel the meat stay more than three days without another application of thu mixture but after the second application no oilier need be applied for lite or si days more. A fourteen pound ham should heal lowed to cure for three weeks, or a day and a half for each pound of Its weight. Alter this treatment ll should he thoroughly cured. Only two-thirds as much time need heal lowed for giving a mild cure to meat to bo used during the spring, Wash each piece with warm waler and remove anv extracurlngmlxtiire. Wipe It dry and hang up for smoking. When all t ho meat Is ready, smoke with hickory, oak, apple, or In fact any wood except that of the pine tamlly. About twenty-ltvu smudges make a good mild smoke, but the taste of the user should determine tills. Country cured meat maymould In damp weatlier without any Injury, but It must he carefully wrapped or sacked to keep out the skippers. llev. T. St Joseph week. A. Clagett and wife were visitors, Monday of this Krwln Helm, who has been work Ine In the druir store for K. O, Phillips, for several months, has gone to La Junta, Colorado, where ho has accepted a position In a drug store at that place. Ills wife and child will remain here until next spring, before Joining her husband. It It Finished. After a struggle of nine years, with many ups and downs, and obstacles aeemlngly unsurmountable the Noda. way Drainage canal Is now said to be completed, and the supervisors met In this city, Friday of last week, at the office of It. Ii. Ilrldgmon, and made their tinal settlement with the con tractor, Frank II Stevens, of (leneseo, Illinois. Mr. Stevens was paid the sum of lli),.s.-., for the removal of 115,000 cubic yards of dirt In the digging of the canal. This enterprise was begun In July, llKXl, when the contract was let to the Ollllgan company. Gllllgan began the work, thatsummer, andln time falledi and the trustees sued his bonding company for failure lo complete the contract. The trustees fought the suit through thu courts and dually obtained Judgment for III), (hhi which was dually paid. During these jcars of litigation the work on he canal ceased. On obtaining Ihe judgment, the su pervisors took up the work again, ami about a jear agu let the contract to Stevens, who has just completed the work. The canal starts some the miles Imi- low .Malt land, ami ends .tiinui one lull-' south and L" miles east of New iilnl, and is nine miles In length It 7'i to l' I feet In width, and In to IS feet in deptli Its total t-Ost has bt-i'ii some fMiimi, ami was construct' d with the te of draining some .tun acres of l.iml along the Nnlawaj her bottom In Holt county. The prt-stnt hoard of trustees, who hate pushed this work to completion. Is iMtnposi-d of Messrs .1. W. Pat terson. II. II. Hrlilgeuuu, W. N. Hod gin, l.afe Kunkel and Win M. Morris. Real Estate Matters. As thu end of the )ear approaches, the real estate market grows less ac tive, and November deals have been light, hut In warranty transactions they were about the same In valuation as 1 1 ivy weru during the same month a year ago, while Ihe trust deeds Hied for the mouth Ihlsjear were greatl) In excess of those ol a year ago, Thu warranty deals for thu month Just to passed amounted MIT. lb, they weru illS.ie.iajear ago. Thu trust deed Hied in November lasljear weru fill, t2i they were t'.i,7H this year. 'I he deals for thu month Just passed amounting to fS.isio or over were: John Coiighllu to Scott Hopkins und I int ft III, ll, '.'.ini-.'i'.i. t 7.h (1 IKiehhi.shi-rlir, lo William Lewis llodgln, sw i s, st. s; nw 17, HI, 37 Kb) Nettle 0 MniganloMax.l Hard ler. w fractional ' se in-.V.i 37 acre . s,Mi Sarah. I Thomas tu D I.uwer,.lr se 1 22, i'i-J,3t -.M.uini S Clyde Williams to. I II Allison .1 (J Cunningham and Mt Cun ningham, lands In ti .V in ,Vi 37 s.inki Passenger Rate Increase. Thu Public Service Commission Is being criticised from several sides be cause of Its order changing interstate freight and passenger rates. Since It has assumed Jurisdiction, It cannot heed the complaint of Senator Heed that It overturned a state statute and reversed a decision of the Supreme Court of Hie I'nlted Statei. The Hrst point will likely be tested In the Mis souri Supreme Court The second Is a political argument The Supreme Cuurt In deciding that a ratu was re munerative, basing its Judgment on the data before It, did not mean that it would be remunerative for all time, regardless of changed condi tions. The governor's criticism of the commission Is likewise based on old Information, which he got-while lighting thu rallwajs, with no special obligation to assume a Judicial attl tudo, Thu fact that so many Missou ri railways defaulted their debts and were forced into receivership Indi cates that they have not prospered under the rates the governor still con siders remunerative. The governor, however, has promptly denied the preposterous rumor that he would de maud the resignation of members of the commission, which would have made that quasi Judicial body merely a rubber stamp for registering the executlvo will. Hut the railways have made a com plaint about the newly promulgated passenger rates which the Public Ser vice Commission may properly heed. It Is to the effect that the supposed Increase would, In practice, amount to nothing. The authorization of 500 and 1,000 mile books, sold at the rate of 8 cents a mile and good If present ed by bearer, would result In a 2-cent rate for the bulk of business The prime purpose of mileage books Is to encourage commercial travelers, whose activities atlmulate freight traffic, al though books have been sold to alt who wish to buy. Hut It has been the universal practice to limit their use to the purchaser, who must be able to Identify himself. Restricting the use of mileage books to original purchasers would make the passenger rate Increase real and would prevent the revival of ticket scalping under conditions that would entail little risk. The commission has decided that It has power to determine the reasonableness of "reasonable maxi mum rates." Now let It make tl e Increase real. Coming Back. When John t, Sullivan was tlnally knocked out of the ring by Corbett at New Orleans he went Into the saloon business, For some time he was his own best customer ami In the end, the Demon Hum handled him worse than Corbett did. The champion of b)gouu ilajs lay from day to day In a drunken stiiMr. growing corpulent, and dcsptlrfut He had lost Ids grip and presently In lost tbls business. One morning after a more ferocious debauch than usual he awoke on the lure llisir of his room. All tl.u fur lilt ure had gone for drink At his side lay a IkiIIIc or whisky left hy a charitable frh-iiil to soothe his lillstr) when he should wake IiiIiii I. Snllltan gazed rellt-ctltely upon the butt if. Ills mind began to work w lib something nf Hit- vigor his muscle had pi-i-ss,. l the oood old di)s The upshot of his meditation was a ri-sinvu to make a man of him self unci' more, lie smashed the bot tle against the hiti) wall of the room ami with that act lie freed his mind from thu chains of the tempter. The prlzu lighter has became a temperance lecturer, lie plans to cam the mes sage of reform tu thu lost ami for saken throughout thu laud He does not believe In prohibition. Ills gospel Is purely pvrsutial. Ills doctrine Is that a man must reform, If lie reforms at all, by thu power of his own wlh, and this Is excellent, doctrlnu tl omits, however, the con sideration thai there Is one thing belter than reform. That thing is to preu-nt the necessity of reform. A strong will Is sometimes a great help to break the tempter's chain, hut when the absence of saloons glte.s the tempter no chance to hind his chains upon (lie souls of men their wills can be used for other purposes. Anouncri of prevention Is sild tu be hutterthan tons of cure. Wu hope John I.. Sul livan may heal many of Ihelrdrlnkliig proclivities. It will lie a blessed day when mi person has any such pro clivities to need healing The Golden Flood. In nine months ending with Sep tember the I'nlted States sold to for. elguers commodities worth a billion ami a quitter dollars more than It bought from them. It now seems probable that lu the calendar year lUlo our favorable trade balance will he two billion dollars The Philadelphia Ledger calls at tentlou to such a colossal sum. It It double the entire national debt of the United States, It Is :'( for every In habitant of the land. No country In any one year has ever accumulated such a sum hy means of its foreign trade. Since the war began this country lias taken fssn.puo.ooo of foreign loans; It lias repurchased hundreds of mil lions of American securities ontied abroad, Our Indebtedness to Kurope lias been greatly reduced, and the process Iscoiitlniilng, Americans ure not spending gold abroad. The great golden Hood coining this way has no return current. We are prollllng enormously from thu Kuropean sui cide Still Quite Active. .1 W. Handall, of the Klmsey dis trict, was In town, Saturday, and al though now 77 yearn old, he Is enjoy ing most excellent health, He says he Is gathering three loads of corn a day, and can bring down a squirrel with the sameregularilv of the fellow that Is only 'M. Mr. Handall was born In Montgomery county, Kentucky, November 10, l-S.'H, and came to Holt county In Ihso, and lived these .Viyeara In the vicinity of Forest City and Oregon. Ills present home Is In the Klmsey district. Horn, to Earl Hollenbeck and wife, a daughter, November 30, Mrs. John Markt, residing Just east of Oregtfn, Informs us that she picked dandelion blossoms, Saturday, December f, 1615.