Newspaper Page Text
FINE TABLE DAINTIES
ESPECIALLY APPETIZING DURING COLD WEATHER. Currant Tea Ring Will Be Appreciate at a Titbit for Luncheon or Sup perWheat Griddle Cakes and Waffles. ItLm MiTiarmiTi, I fMv. ifi n tw mil" urn J umMfM- JLU ALEXANDER THE GREAT, llko an erratic meteor, Hashed across tho drowse of clvlllza-tlon-weary Egypt: and, per haps as a memorial of his deification la tho land of tho Pharaohs, ho left behind him the beginnings of a vigor ous Greek city, Alexandria, destined to be tho gateway for a flow of west ern rejuvenation to tho worn valley, and today, with Constantinople and a fow other places, one of the greatest prizes for the contesting army mil lions in the East, says a National Geo graphic society bulletin. Alexander built his city In 332 B. C. upon the ruins of an Egyptian town, Rhacotls. After more than 2,000 years Alexan dria has become tho life of Egypt, Its largest port, ono of the busiest ports on tho Mediterranean nnd an impor tant world-city. The modern city Is divided Into two parts, one of which, Inhabited by Mo hammedans, Is a listless tangle of Ori ental narrow, crooked streets and un inviting buildings, while tho other, the European quarter, Is solidly built and possesses many of the essential con veniences of tho American or Euro pean metropolis, it occupies a ridge of land between tho Mediterranean and Lake Mareotls. Tho Rosetta mouth of the Nile lies more than thirty miles to the cast. Cairo, the interior metropolis, lies 129 miles by rail to the southeast, and the Suez canal in more than 140 miles to the cast. The city i3 linked by a network of railway nnd telegraph lines to the other towns of Egypt, and la In telephonic connec tion with Cairo. Business City of Nile Valley. Alexandria is tho counting house and the commission office of the Nile valley. Tho British chamber Of com merce has its headquarters there, and there, too, are located tho head offices of many of tho largest commercial or ganizations doing business In the near East. Tho value of the city's trade, in normal times, is about $240,000,000 a year. The western harbor, designed for a modern, first-rank commerce. Is visited annually by 3,000 vessels. The chief articles of export are grain, cot ton, beans, sugar and rice, and the business is largely in the hands of .Europeans, of whom there are 50,000 in the total population of 400,080. The city Is connected by cable lines with .Cyprus, Malta, Crete and Port Said One of the interesting phases of Alex andria's commerce is that it sends 80, 000,000 eggs each year to London, raged in unforgettablo religious tu mults. In ono such tumult tho sur passingly beautiful pagan priestess Hypatla was torn to pieces to glut a brutish populace. The famous Alexandrian library was tho bridge between tho culture of classic Greece and tho cultural needs J of early Christian and Mohammedan Europe. Much of Its treasures lilterod through to the Moor and to tho Chris tians through the scholarship of Rome. Tho library was destroyed in tho war- llood which followed tho rise of tho re ligion from tho desert; and the burn ing of the great book-treasury has been keenly deplored by scholars of each generation succeeding. In the latter years of the eighteenth century tho city was held by tho French. It had sunk to the status of a small village under centuries of Mo hammedan misrule, having a popula tion of less than 4,000. Under Mo hamet All, the wise add cunning Al banian, it regained much of Us pros perity. English control of tho city's as well as Egypt's welfare dates from 1SS2, since which date a new city has been developed and one that bears a greater degree of relationship to tho West than to tho East. LAND BLESSED BY NATURE Inhabitants of Small Italian Fishing Village Are Among the Fortu nate of the Earth. One of the oddest and quaintest lit tle Independent states that ever ex isted in Europe the tiny Republic of Noll, founded before Rome and main taining its liberty for many centuries until Napoleon swept away Its priv ilegesis today merely a fishing vil lage near Genoa, but It is full of re minders of Its former greatness, and affords a wonderful glimpse of medie val times. Destroyed by the Cartha ginians in 217 B. C, and who knows how often by subsequent marauders, there seemed no limit to her powers of recovery. This quaint little fishing village maintained itself as a sov ereign state for centuries, took a prom-1 inent part in the quarrels of Guelph3 and Ghibelllnes, sent doughty warriors to the Crusades, commanded the In terest of emperors and popes, and only succumbed at last td the armies of Napoleon. Dante clambered hither over terrible hills on hands and knees, and revenged himself by con signing Noll to his "Purgatory." ENTRANCE TO ALEXANDRIA AND TORT OrABOUXIFi iwhere these products retail as fancy 'fresh eggs. This largo yearly turn over gives Egypt an Intimate relation ship with the Englishman's breakfast, table. , DInocrates of Rhodes, architect and friend to the famous Macedonian, laid out Alexandria. Ho planned the city as an affair of right angles and sharp corners, including the whole in a parallelogram quadrlsected by two main thoroughfares. This regularity of city-plan that DInocrates developed was tho beginning of the school of gridiron city-building, of the imper sonal, strictly business city only nowd waning in popularity. Battleground of West and East. Tho exotic Grecian city was a bat tleground from tho start. The East and the West met and fought out their differences to a finish there. Greek learning and Greek philosophy found refuge In Alexandria, and there an tagonized and finally blended with tho philosophies of the East. Christianity and Paganism fought some of their most bitter battles there; and the Jews, the Christians, the Pantheists and tho philosophers fomented many bloody riots, In which the fickle, vio lent, loot-hungry Alexandrian mob "Now." "Now," Is a constant syllable tick ing from tho clock of time. "Now" is the watchword of the wise. "Now" is on the banner of the prudent. Let us keep this little word always In our ' mind; and whenever anything presents Itself to us In the shape of jvork, whether mental or physical, wo i should do it with all our might, re jmerabering that "now" is the only .time for us. It Is, indeed, a sorry way to got through the world by putting 'off tll tomorrow, saying, "Then" I will jdo (t. Not this will never answer, "Now" Is ours, "Then" may never bo. Wanted to Die Among Books, Robert Boggs, keeper ot. Ye Olde Fraiiklln book shop In Brooklyn, when found near death from ago and star vation, recently, pleaded to be let alone. "Don't take me to the hospi tal," he said; "j'm too old. I don't 'want to cause troublo to anyone. I want to die quietly among my books." In his shop, nailed against one ot the bookcases was a small sign on black. tin, reading, "We refer an needy casos to the Brooklyn charity bureau." Everybody Is rich In this poor man's paradise, says the Wide World Maga zine. During the anchovy months It is not rare for the 120 boats to earn 800 pounds in a night, or 15,000 In a season. Through fish alone a man earns far more than a clerk, be sides which he haa no "appearances" to keep up. Under these happy condi tions he soon acquires lands and houses, which afford a steady revenue while he sleeps or fishes. The earth here has only to be scratched in order to bring forth wealth, so rich is the soil and so abundant the water. Ingersoll's Tribute to Women. Ingersoll paid the following tribute to women in his lecture on Shakes peare: "In those days little attention was given to the biographies of worn en. They were born, married, had children and died. No matter how celebrated their sons became, the mothers were forgotten. In old times, when a man achieved distinction, great pains were taken to" find out about his father and grandfather, the idea being that genius is inherited from the father's side. The truth is that all great men have had great mothers." Why Falsehoods Live. Some men relate what thoy think. as what they know; some men of confused memories, and habitual in accuracy, ascribe to one man what belongs to another; and some talk on without thought or care. A few men aro sufficient to- broach false hoods, .which are afterwards innocent ly diffused by successive relators! Johnson. DAINTY LOVE TOKENS LOST BUSINESS WHEN jSBSBS WAR CUT OFF TRADE HHHBSw WITH ENGLAND AND "ffiiK 1 notched wheel. At each operatibn of tho machine yEy - '" an escapement at the bottom of the channel re- MN 'v "" NSs ; ,jt II leases a rivet and lets it drop down under the S8?& 'sC V ji ZS' trr"" aJ CZTTZTI ' . 1 H rlvetlnc hammer. SJlv V v f j?' OlfF "TTfE .. - Tha nniv mnphinB work dona on the noveltv IBKIlsR 1 jc- A. "I My Strong Foundation. Customer Have you any good but-1 tor? Dairyman Certainly, madam, reputation rests upon my butter. Customer If the last I got of you was a fair sample, your reputation certainly rests on a strong foundation, , Accounted For. "I hear that Tom's mother-in-law is dead. "That accounta for his suddon res Ignatipn from the suicide club." . It will be observed that all tho rear guards at home are still lighting uouiy. OT many realize the large Industry that has grown out of tho custom of giving valentines on the four teenth of February each year. The idea seems' to have originated in England, and is practiced by English-speaking people the world -over. While Germany does not -t.... 4hn Ariir mnnv nf tho cards and novelties used in the United States came from thero before the war. Of late years America has taken the lead in the making of valentines. We supply our own market, and export largo quantities to all parts of the world. In New York is located one of the largest supply houses in the world, and a largo force is kept busy throughout tho year to meet the great demand. The principal types of valentines are tho comic, the old-fashioned lace, and tho novelty, the latter being the most expensive. The most popular appear to be the comic, which are photo-engraved and printed in color in the usual way. Special machines are required in the production of the lace valentines. The novelty valentines are mostly made by hand. One of the pictures shows the machine which makes the paper lace. There are two rolls, one a die, and the other a matrix ot the desired design. The wide paper ribbon runs between the rolls and Is cut by them. A brush bears against the matrix roll, cleaning off any adhering bits of paper. Another brush bears against the ribbon, removing the cuttings from tho lace. Before entering the rolls tho paper Is chalked, thus Tireventing tho lace from sticking to them and being torn. Tho laco paper is fastened to embossed cards with paper hinges. A small hand-operated machine makes the hinges. It creases long strips of paper by folding them in and out, and from these strips the hinges are cut off as desired. The cards to which the lace patterns aro attached are printed in large sheets with suitable design and then they are embossed. The embossed sheets are then passed on to tho folding table, where they are folded in sets ot three and, then fed into the cutting machine, which is provided with scalloped edges. Tho hinged lace frames are then glued on to these cardB, forming the old-fashioned lace valentines, which find wide favor. One of tho simplest valentines consists ot cards with various celluloid ornaments attached thereto. These ornaments are cut out by hand with a punch and a maul. A simple riveting machine attaches the ornaments to tho 'cards. The small brass rivets are carried in a-cup at tho top of the machine, and then fed down into a channel by a notched wheel. At each operation of tho machine an escapement at the bottom of the channel re leases a rivet and lets it drop down under the riveting hammer. The only machine work done on the novelty valentines, made up with silk and satin puffs and bows of ribbon, which must be applied by hand to the cards, is tho printing of tho colored design and the blocking out of the cards. Tho puffs and shirred borders of the many designs are made with remarkable rapidity and neatness. The puff is made from a semicircle ot silk, tho edges gathered as they are being pressed Into the glue by drawing and puckering them with tho finger nail. Two pieces of cardboard, cut to the desired curve and covered with colored silk lapped over the cardboard and glued to tho under side, form tho borders. The silk Is also gathered as tha edges are glued down, and the border pieces aro dcmzzzciztfffA. ri&arjk&? far corses then glued over the edges of the puff. Many in tricate designs are thus very simply made. Expert designers are kept continually at work trying to fashion new designs that will find favor among the patrons of the pleasant and fun-making amusement ot sending messages by Cupid's valentines. Currant Tea Ring Two cakes yeast, ono cupful milk, scalded and cooked, ono cupful lukownrm water, ono tnblospoonful sugar, seven cupfuls Bitted flour, six tablespoontuls lard or butter, half cupful sugar, three eggs, half tcaspoonful salt Dlssolvo yeast and one tablespoonful sugar in lukewarm liquid. Add throa cupfuls of flour and beat until smooth. Add lard or butter and sugar, thor oughly creamed, and eggs beaten until light, the remainder of tho flour grad ually, or enough to make a moderately soft dough, and tho salt. Turn on board, knead lightly. Placo In greased bowl. Cover and sot asldo in a warm placo to rise, for about two hours, or until dough has doubled In bulk. Roll out In oblong piece, ono-fourtn Inch thick. Brush with melted butter. Sprinkle with brown sugar, currants and cinnamon. Roll up lengthwise and place in a clrclo on a largo, shal-low-grcasod pan or baking sheet. With scissors cut threo-fourth-lnch slices, almost through. Turn each slice part ly on Its side, pointing away from cen ter. This should glvo tho effect, of a many-pointed star, and show the differ ent layers with tho filling. Cover and let rlso one hour, or until light, and bako 25 minutes. Just before putting in oven, glaze with egg, diluted with milk. Ice while hot with plain frost ing. This recipe wll make two largo or three small rings. Wheat. Griddle Cakes. One cake ycastr ono cupful milk, scalded and cooled, two tablespoontuls light brown sugar, two tablespoontuls lard -or but ter, melted, one cupful lukewarm wa ter, two'cupfuls sifted flour, two eggs, ono tcaspoonful salt. Dissolve yeast and sugar In luke warm liquid. Add lard or butter, thon flour gradually, the eggs 'well beaten, and salt. Beat thoroughly until batter is smooth. ' Cover and set aside for about ono hour, in a warm placo, freo from draft, to rise. When light, stir well and bako on hot griddle. If wanted for over night, use one-. fourth cake of yeast and an extra halt teasponful salt. Cover and keep In a cool place. All batter cakes aro better baked on an ungreased griddle, as they keep their shape and do not follow the grease. You will be rid ot tho dis agreeable smoko and odor of burning' fat. Your griddle need not necessari ly be of soapstone. If you havo an old griddle and clean It thoroughly, being sure to remove all burned fat or bat ter, it can be used In the abovo way. Waffles. One cake yeast, two cupi tuls milk, scalded and cooled, one ta blespoonful sugar, ono tablespoonful lard or, butter, molted, two and a half cupfuls sifted flour, one tcaspoonful salt, two eggs. Dissolve yeast and sugar In luke warm milk. Add lard or butter, flour, salt, and eggs well beaten. Beat thor oughly until batter Is smooth. Cover and set asldo to rise In a warm place, free from draft, for about ono hour. Wh-m light, stir well. Have waffle Irons hot and well greased. Fill the cool side. Brown on ono side, turn the iron and brown on the other side. It batter is too thick, waffles will- bo tough. If wanted for over night, use one- fourth cake of yeast and on extra halt teaspoonful salt. Cover and keep In a cool placo. HOLLAND NOW MOTHERS ABOUT 70,000 BELGIANS In Holland there are now four largo camps, for Belgian refugees only, .'containing about seventy thousand persons, as against, seven hundred thou sand last year, and 'all over the country aro private houses rented by the government and somo by prlvato subscriptions where people ot the better class, who are, however, as penniless as the others, aro being cared for, says a New York Herald correspondent. The Dutch government pays all their expenses. It costs 14 cents a day to feed the growns-ups in the camps and the children 8 cents a day- In the .private houses they cost 28 cents and 20 cents, respectively. Their clothing and school ing is an extra expense, and has so far cost ap proximately $55,000. The building of tho various camps totaled $620,000, and a special fund for the eventual restoring of homes now equals $10,000. I visited one of these camps at Gouda and was , most enthusiastically greeted. America is a pass word that assures one a welcome wherever Bel gians are. There are slxtfcen hundred persons there now young and old, men and WQm,en, and many, many children. Ovqr them all a spirit of calm seems to have fallen. They have found a temporary home, an Interval of quiet, .between last year's sudden horrors and the years ot toll , that He ahead of them when they shall have re turned to their ruined, barren lands again. There are' faces Bad with the sorrow of loved ones lost In the war anxious ones who have not heard for months from husbands and lovers, and who know not whether they still live some who are ruined and "who know that when tho war la over they must Btart afresh their hard struggle? for existence, and there are some, the older ones, who havo that saddest, most hopoless look of all, who know that for them. Ufo holds naught but sorrow and poverty. Thero was ono woman, seventy-six years old. whom I noticed especially. She was sitting in ono of tho workrooms, where there were about three hundred women: somo were making lace some making clothes on sewing machines given by tho'Rockefeller fund; othor wore knitting, and ns I came Into the room 1 heard the strains of the "Bra'banconne," the Belgian natlpnal anthem. They were singing It while they worked young and old and as their voices rosa in unison and the beautiful words, "Belgium over must be free,' rang out clear In thlB little world of outcasts. nmnne these women who have, many of them lost all, save their patriotism, I caught sight oil the old woman. She was making lace, and her toll-worn hands, her deep-lined face and the un utterable sadness of her eyes made a picture un forgettable and impressive. Tho children- look happy and healthy In tho nursery, where tho wee ones are; in the kinder, garten and in the schoolrooms, whero sweet- faced nuns, whose convents have been burnt be fore their very eyes, havo taken up their work horo, and in this strange, new environment aro teaching the exiled boys and girls to take up the tasks which will soon fall upon their young shoulders. . All the work of the camp Is done by the refu gees ' themselves, and there are various work shops and classrooms besides,- "One very inter esting feature s the work done under tho guid ance of the English Society of Friends. Thoy have furnished all the material and are nfaw teaching- the men In the camps' to construct portable houses. At Gouda thero aro CO of these now finished, and they are delightful little homes, consisting mostly of two rooms, a living room and a big bedroom, divided into two or more com partments. Tho houses are painted white out side, with green roofs, and insldo they nre paint ed light gray, All the furniture has also been made in the camp shops, and as each man' tin ishes ono entire house he is allowed to live in It with his family. INTERESTING BITS , Apparatus has been Invented by a Paris doctor for pumping anesthetics into a person's lungs and. Insuring the administration ot a definite doso. Batteries carried In a flshermnn's pocket supply current to an electric lamp Inside a celluloid minnow which has been Invented for night fishing. A texington (Ky.) woman has pre sented her husband with nine children lit 18 months, five at one birth and fcSur at a ataond. STEAM SHOVEL DIG8 IT8ELF OUT. A great steam shovel, having scooped out a deep cut In one of tho bits of grade-crossing elimination work the Long iBland railroad Is doing at East New York, found Itself at the bottom ot the cut. The engineers were puz zled by the problem of getting It out. for timbering prevented Its, being backed out find the sides ot the cut might have slid If an attempt to haul It up had been made. " ' Twenty-two feet below It were the four, concrete tubes of the tunnel. The engineers decided that the simplest method ot removing the big machine was to have It 'die Itself a path.Jnto ono ot the tunnels and then run It out. alone the track to the opening of, the tube. The Engineering News in. describing the operation says the earth scooped out by the shovel was hoisted to the surface by a crane equipped wltn a uucKet, ana the suovei was skidded on timbers down an 18 per oent grade. TKEN FROM EXCHANGES. Moving a single lover converts a now automOblio body into en open cart or o, two-seated vehicle, which ever may be desired. A Frenchman is the Inventor nf device to bp attached to tho rim of ap .automobile wheel to give an alarm wueq a lira Becomes nai. Argentina requires Imported pota toes to be accompanied by certificates snowing tnat tney were grown m sant lary sou, Hot Tea Biscuits. If you want to serve the biscuits fresh and hot here is a good way to proceed: Into ono quart flour put ono teaspoonful salt, three level tea- spoonfuls baking powder, and sift all together into a small mixing bowl. Then molt one tablespoonful shorten ing and pour into, ono cupful swoet milk, pouring all into the flour. Light ly mix to the consistency of dough for rolling. Roll and cut one inch tHIckN placing in baking pan ready for the oven.. Place the pan in a cool place until wanted for baking, about 20 min utes before serving. They can bo prepared in' tho early morning and left all day. Oatmeal Soup. 'Cooked mush, ono cupful; butter, two teaspoonfuls; chopped onion, two tablespoontuls; bayleaf,. one; yolk of egg, one; milk, ono quart; salt, one half tcaspoonful; pjpper, one-halt salt spoonful. Soup kettle, spoons, meas uring cup. Cook onion without brown ing until tender. Thon all the oat meal, milk bayleaf, salt and pepper, stirring carefully, keeping temperature below boiling point Strain through a fine sieve, reheat and pour while hot -over the beaten. yolk of egg. Soft Gingerbread, Ono. teaspoonful molasses, one-third cupful butter, ono and threo-fourths teaspoonfuls soda, one-half cupful sour milk, ono egg, two cupfuls flour, .three teaspoonfuls ginger and one-half tea spoonfuls salt. Put butter and mo lasses in saucepan and cook until boil ing point Is reached; remove from fire, add soda and beat vigorously. Then add- milk, egg well beaten and' Remain ing Ingredients mlxod and .sifted. Bake about fifteen minutes In a hot oven. " t Pineapple Fritters. Pare' and slice a pineapple In thin rounds. Sprinkle with powdered sugar and squeeze tho Jolco ot two oranges over them. Chill thoroughly, then dip in beaten egg and fine bread crumbs, Fry In hot, deep fat; serve with pow dered sugar and- sherry wnet If tho latter Is not liked It may be omitted.' For Baked Beans. When baking beans, put, jn about halt a teaspoonful ot ginger, which will aid -In digesting them, oud one or two tomatoes, according to Blze, which will gtvo tho beans a very good flavor.