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VELT SAID! ' . .- -- mi-i. .... - . ... y VOLUME IX. NUMBER 46. KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI, SATURDAY, JULY U, 1917. PRICE, 5c. fC G Negtoes Send $111,33 to Refugees ROOSEVELT-GOMPERS ROW. Carnegie Hall In Uproar as Colonel Accuses Labor Leader of Justifying Murder In East St. Louis Race Riots Exclaims Later: "I Wish I Could Get My Hands on Him. Starting most auspiciously with a public welcome amazing In its spon taneity and evident sincerity, the greeting of Now York City to the Rus sian War Mission yesterday ended In hostilities between Colonel Theodore Roosevelt and Samuel Gompers, Pres ident of the American Federation of Labor. Before an audience that -filled Car negie Hall to overflowing, at the mass mooting which marked the end of tha days' program, these two men for a few minutes went at each other in a way that caused the eyes of the vis itors to open In astonishment, the crowd to gasp, then takes sides and fi nally become thoroughly disorderly, and the members of the Mayor's Re ception Committee to look very much embarrassed. Mayor Finally Restores Order. The end of what would otherwise have been a perfect day was saved by Mayor Mitchel, who succeeded In get ting order out of chaos after a little, and by reminding the audience that the purpose of the gathering was the welcoming of the Russians, enabling the new Russian Ambassador to make the speech he had prepared, while Mr. Roosevelt rind Mr. Gompers, sitting just behind him, glared at each other. When the meeting was over friends had to keep the two men- apart. The Colonel seemed the more eager for a meeting. Said he, as Police Inspec tors Myers and Dillon escorted him to his automobile: "I wish I could get my hands on him!" And, then again: "I can scarce ly keep my hands off him!'.' He seemed anxious to go back from the Fifty-sixth Street entrance look ing for Mr. Gompers. Theodore Ros seau and others, however, prevented this, and the Colonel drove away. Then Mr. Gompers, much more cool, came out with Hugh Frayne and Tim othy Healy. Should Put a Stop tc Murder Before We Talk "of Justice. The Mayor had Introduced Mr. Roosevelt as the chief speaker with glowing phrases and the crowd had yelled for "Teddy" as usual. With his manuscript in his hand the Colonel had at once departed from his pre pared text and brought In the recent race riots in East St. Louis. Ho said that before this country began to tall; of liberty and justice to others It .should see that everything was In or der In Its own house. He reiterated much he said at Forest Hills on July 4. He touched on the "appallng brutal ity" of the East St. Louis affair and said that to let such things go unpun ished would leave a stain on the name of America, "Before we congratulate "others on having drawn the mote from their eye," he said, "we should see that the beam has been withdrawn from our own eye. So much for this brief eu lody of my fellow citizens. Now for the business of the evening." When Mr. Roosevelt had concluded his pre'pared speech the Mayor intro duced Mr. Gompers, and the latter told a little story to the effect that had ho his own way he would say, "-'Them's my sentiments," and sit down. Then he turned at onco to the East St. Louis matter and said he would yield to none In express do testation of acts of violence. "Exercise of Tyrannic Power." "I wish I had brought with me," he went on, "a telegram I received just this evening from tho Secrotary of the Federation of Labor In .Illinois explaining the whole matter. It was not only tho labor men In East St. Louis, but a member of the Chamber of Commerce there ns well, who warned those who were bringing the colored men from the South that they were to be brought there to under mine tho white workers. Yet thou sands were brought In and had not a place In which to lay their heads. The whole thing was an exercise of tyran nic power like that which existed In old Russia." There was prolonged applause at -this and ' Colonel Roosevelt looked thoughtful. Mr. Gompers went hack to the Declaration of Independence said that all the ideals of America had not been realized by any means and that "there Is too much Injustice hero," and then slowly worked to tho war and his congratulations to the en voys of new Russia. Ho was warmly applauded and up to tho moment he sat down tho peace had not been dis turbed. But when Mayor Mitchel arose to present Ambassador Bakhmetleff, Col. Roosevelt jumped up and determined ly stalked toward the front of the platform. "Mr. Mayor, may I say one word?" he asked. "Col. Roosevelt wants to say a word more," said the Mayor and the crowd cheered. Waiting for silence, the Colonel, speaking through his teeth as usual when desiring to be emphatic, said: "I am not willing that a meeting called to commemorate the birth of democracy in Russia shall even seem to have' expressed or to have accept ed apologies for the brutal infamies Jmposed on colored people." Shakes His Fist at Gompers. At once a great shout greeted tho Colonel. Tho crowd roared Its ap proval. "Justice, with me, Is not a mere word," went on the Colonel, bringing up his right arm and punching the atmosphere. "It Is to be translated into living acts. If we by explana tion" Here the Colonel turned about and faced Mr. Gompers, shaking his fist at him In a most menacing way " by explanation, silence or eva sion apologize for murdering helpless women and children, then how can we praise the people of Russia? I have heard very much tho same excuse given by tho Russian autocracy for the programs against tho Jews." The hall was In an uproar. "Good boy, Teddy," shouted a score and there was a chorus of "Boos" Indicat ing that the crowd was not all with the Colonel. ( "Shall we by silence acquiesce In this apology for men, women and children of our own country. I am a democrat of the democrats, and I will do everything for the laboring man except that which is wrong, and that I won't do for any man or any cause." Again the Colonel turned and faced Mr. Gompers and shook his fist Mr. Gompers, white-faced, started to rise, thought better of It and sat down. The Colonel continued to talk directly at him. "I don't care a snap of my fingers for the head of the strongest organ ization in Illinois," ho went on. "This happened In a Northern State where the whites outnumber the blacks twenty to one, and If the white men there cannot protect their rights with their votes against an insignificant minority, and have to resort to the murder of women and children, then the State that gave Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency must bow its head In shame." Wildly enthusiastic shouts greeted this. Mr. Gompers got up. A large crowd yelled as he cried to the Colonel: "You ought to investigate first, then make your charges." Won't Allow Him to Justify Murder. Evidently In a passion the Colonel stalked across to the labor leader, who sat down. The Colonel stood over him, shaking his fist down Into his face. "Murder, Is murder," ho shouted, "and I'll not allow you or any one else to justify it." Something else was said between the two and the Colonel continued to shako his fist at Gompers. The yell ing of tho crowd made what was said quite inaudible. "Bravo Teddy!" shouted some; "Answer him," cried others at Gompers. The Colonel stalked back to the center of tho stage. ' "I will go to any extreme which is necessary to bring justice to the la boring man and assure him his proper place," ho said. Tho Gompers adher ents in tho crowd saw their chance. "You never did I You never did!" cried fully a hundred men. The Colonel went on: "But when there is murder I will put it down, and I will never submit to an apology for it; I never will! "Wo are gathering here to greet and congratulate these men who come to us from a Datlon that has gained itB freedom. On such an evening J will never sit motionless while, direct ly or indirectly, apology is made for the murder of tho helpless. I never will!" And with that the Colonel took his seat, perfectly white In the face. Mr. President, Why L J "Before I speak of justice and liberty to Russia we should do justice within an appalling outbreak of savagery in real provocation, and, whether there the name of America. "It behooves us to express our deep condemnation of acts that give lie to our words. It is our duty to demand that the governmental representatives whose' business It Is shall use with ruthless sternness every instrumentality at their command to punish murder, whether committed by whites against blacks or blacks against whites. "When we applaud the birth of democracy In another people, the spirit which insists on treating each man on the basis of his rights as.a man, refusing to deny to the humblest the rights that are his, when we present such a greeting to the representatives of a foreign nation, it behooves us to express our deep condemnation of acts that give the He to our words within our own country. "It behooves us to say that It is Impossible that there should be a justification for mob violence, for brutality and murder In this democracy." Theodore Roosevelt at the Carnegie Hall meeting to welcome the Russian high commis sion to the United States. LOYAL NEGROES Noble Hearted Kansas Cltians Send Financial Aid to Our Stricken People In East St. Louis. On last Sunday the editor, acting on a suggestion of Mrs. John Lange, con sulted with several of our citizens as to the advisability of trying to send some financial aid to the organization in St. Louis, Mo., that is caring for the refugees of East St. Louis, and meet ing their approval the matter was put up to Dr. Thomas, tho pastor of Allen Chapel, who readily consented to the proposition. The- editor, assisted by Mr, Joe E. Herriford, W. C. Hueston and C. II. Calloway, raised a collec tion at Allen Chapel Sunday morning totaling $52.30, which was immediate ly telegraphed to Dr. William H. Peck, former pastor of Allen Chapel and chairman of the finance commit tee of St. Louis. Tho editor was ex tended an invitation Sunday night tp present the matter to tho splendid people of Ebenezer A. M. E. church by its popular pastor. Dr. W. C. Wil liams and after the presentation a collection of $42.03 was raised and also telegraphed to committee. In addition several other persona and or ganizations sent contributions to the Sun office which were forwarded to Dr. Peck making a total of J 111.33 raised and sent to him', minus cost of Not Make America Safe for Democracy? By MORRIS the race riots in East St. Louis, race riots which, as far as we can see, had no was provocation or not. waaed with such appalling brutality as to leave a stain on I telegrams. The list of contributors i is as follows: Allen Chapel, $52.o0; Ebenezer A. , M. E. Church, $42.0:!; Civic Study j Club and Mrs. John. Lange. $12.00; ! Hon. C. A. Franklin, $1.00; Dr. M. II. (Lambright, $1.00; Dr. J, Edward ; Perry, $1.00; Dr. William .1. Thomp- kins, $1.00; Hon. L. A. Knox, $1.00. The following telegram was sent: Rev. Wm. H. Peck, St. Louis, Mo. Historic Allen Chapel, Ebenezer and the following well known citizens hereto attached extend to our unfor tunate people in East Louis their deepest sympathy and bid them be of good cheer for God Is not jdead. The following reply was received: Nelson C. Crews, Editor Kansas City Sun. Telegrams and monies wired, re ceived, God bless the good people of Allen, and Ebenezer in particular, and Kansas City in general. W. H. PECK, J. T. CASTON, A. W. LLOYD, A. E. M ALONE, W. II. HOFFMAN, Committee. All persons desiring to contribute to the Relief Fund can have their contributions recorded and forwarded through the Sun to the proper com mittee, as the following letter re ceived yesterday from Dr. Peck shows that the real work of assistance has only begun: from N-YMcui our own household. There has been Mr. Nelson C. Crews, 1S03 East ISth St., Kansas City, Mo. My Dear Brother Crews: I can't express to you our gratitude for the liberal offering you have sent the Committee on Financo from Kansas City. Kansas City has been the only Place, outside of St. Louis, that has I up to tho present, contributed to this fund. Our work of relief is just beginning, as tomorrow morning the city of St. Louis discontinues the relief they have been giving to 15,000 refugees from the mob of East St. Louis. The situation Is clearing up, however. Em ployment has been found for all of these Negroes in St. Louis, who de sired work, ranging from $2.00 to $2.25 per day. Many inducements were held out to them to return South, but we find but few saw fit to accept this invitation. Some have gone to Northern cities and possibly 7,000 of them are at present in St. Louis. Some have re turned to East St. Louts, but we have advised all not to return to East St. Louis until conditions are safe. -At present there is no guarantee of any safety for our people on tho streets of East St. Louis. This situation is without a parallel In the history of our country. In fact, if our people had a fighting chance we would say go back, but there is no semblance of a fighting chance for these honest, industrious and helpless IF WE WERE ORGANIZED INTO AN INDUSTRIAL UNION THE MAS SACRE OF E. ST. LOUIS COULD NOT HAVE HAPPENED. The Capitalists Are Useing Southern Negroes to Break Mrikes. This is Causing a Very Bitter Feeling Against the Entire Race. By RUCKEIl This article was not written for those who do not think; the dull and unthoughtful need not read. Our program arises out of the ac tual conditions of contemporary life, It is not the fine-3pun web of a dream ers' Imagination. Civilization has grown up and ex-1 panded all around us; It has swal-l lowed us, but we have not swallowed it; it has not Included us, only in a very limited degree. During slavery we were a very important part of the industrial system of this country. There is a working class struggle In every civilized country in the world, but no country is confronted with such a perplexing problem as we have in this. In the other countries the work ing class is divided into two parts. tlfose who belong to labor organlza-' tions, and, those who, for some rea son, refuse to join; the Negro, in most cases, is rejected from any affiliation with tho A. F. of L. in this country, and being unorganized, makes him an easy victim, a target for organized la bor and the well organized employers of labor. The only kind of work we , are permitted to do is something that carries withlt no promotion, we start at the bottom and remain there, no matter how much we learn or know about the job. We should know how to operate every branch of industry needed to run a city or government. If we do not know this, which is im possible without experience, we are not absorbing the white man's civili zation as we should; nor can we ever know under the present state of af fairs. Workers, we must organize! There is a nation wide conspiracy to use Southern Negroes to break strikes. Negroes who have come from the Southland. We are, as an association, trying to assist in securing evidence to bring about convictions for the riot of Julv 2d. We are going to employ the best or legal and detective talent. We realize this will cost money, but we are golne to see it throueh. I would appreciate you sending me the address of the Masonic lodges of .Missouri and jurisdiction, so that an appeal may be made to them to 'aelp in mis matter. Again thanking you for taking the initiative irom outside sources in this matter, I am, Very truly yours, W. H. PECK. NEGRO LAWYER TAKES LIFE. Failure to Get Army Commission Caused Veteran to Kill Hlmse'lf. Muskogee, Ok., July 9. Brooding because he failed to trot a nlace as an officer in the army, W. Scott Brown, a well known Necro lawver of Mus kogee, today shot and killed himself. Brown was a Snanlsh-American vet. eran and served as lieutenant in the Tenth Illinois Immunes. Brown had passed the examination, but the papers were missent and arrived at Des Moines, la., after the full ouota had been selected. The Metropolitan Street Railroad is preparing to give a big outing to nil Its Colored employes and their families for a whole day and night at beautiful Lincoln Electric Park. Free transportation will be given each man for his family, free admission to tho Park and all the concessions ns well as tho refreshments will bo paid for by the company. This Is in keeping with this company's policy toward Its white, employes and without doubt will be highly appreciated by the i?00 or more Colored employes and their families. SMITH. The ZVZ million members of the Amer ican Federation of Labor, and their sympathizers, will not stand for Ne groes to take their places. We, as a race, should not be the ones to suffer In this struggle, capital against labor, neither the capitalist or the A. F. of L. has been fair to us. Out of every 100 of us, 95 are workers, 80 per cent work for the white man. The white man employes us because he can get us cheaper, not because he likes us better. There Is 200 billion dollars worth of wealth in the United States. We have created more of it, in proportion to population, than any other people, and we have less to show for it than any other people. Watch this paper for date of a big meeting of colored workers. Don't miss it. A REAL GOVERNOR Jefferson City, July 6. Many tele grams and letters are coming to Gov ernor Gardner protesting against the riots in East St. Louis. All are based on the belief of those who sent them that East St. Louis is a part of Mis souri. "We do not do business that way," the governor said In expressing his vexation over tho communications. "All human beings in this state are treated alike, and will bo treated alike as long as I am chief executive of tho state. I am told that even some Eastern newspaper writers have been referring to this state as 'poor old Mis souri,' on tho theory that East SL Louis Is in Missouri. They ought to post themselves on geography." "BOSH" CITY WON'T USE NEGRO BAND. Battery B Musicians Now Anxious fop Contract They Refused. The park board decided vesterdav to dispense with the services of tha Negro band engaged to give concerts in the Negro parks because its leader, W. G. Melford, is on employe of the street cleaning department Tho city charter makes it a misdemeanor ror an officer or employe of the city to bo directly or indirectly connected with city contracts. upon learning of tho decision of th board, Battery B band, which refused, to give concerts In tho narka nalmn. lzed by whites becauso the negro band is non-union, sent word that it would abide by its contract and give tho nrst concert in Swope Park next Sunday.